BPM Beam Position Monitor
Description from the Design Manual:
5.9.4 Beam Position Monitors
The Beam Position Monitor System will provide closed orbit measurements for the Ring.
Stripline detectors will be located in 44 of the 52 quadrupoles.
18.104.22.168 Design Requirements
Because of the large number of detectors, the beam position monitors (BPMs) must
present low impedance to the beam to prevent instabilities. Calculations indicate that at 1 x 1010 protons of circulating beam, circuit noise will provide a resolution of 1- mm RMS, improving to 50 microns at 2x1014 protons. Position measurements will be made on a turn-by-turn basis with data from multiple cycles stored locally for recall if a beam fault should occur. Data for
computation of the closed orbits will be available from the front-end processor on each cycle if
22.214.171.124 Design Description
The dual plane stripline BPMs will be located adjacent to the quadrupole, nestled under
the coil ends. It will be keyed to the quadrupole for positive location. The design will make use
of techniques developed in the RHIC units. The electrodes will be 25 cm long and subtend an arc
of 70 degrees.
The injected beam will have the basic character of the signal in the HEBT for the first few turns. As the particles diffuse they will eventually take on the character of a single bunch rotating around the Ring with a period of 945ns and a duration of 645ns. To monitor this beam, two distinctly different types of processing electronics will be required. For the early turns, electronics similar to that of the HEBT must be employed. This is an RF sensitive front end system provided by LANL. A number of BPMs using this approach will be required to monitor the first few turns. After the particles have had time to diffuse, the RF character will be reduced and a base-band sensitive front end system will be required. It is estimated that the time required to establish a base-band signal is about 3 turns. The bulk of the electronics provided for the Ring will be of the base-band design. A dual mode design is under investigation.
The base-band analog electronics will consist of an impedance matching front-end
diplexing 0.1-5 MHz filter, followed by an amplification stage. Another low pass filter
precedes the 14-bit ADCs that sample the signal at about 68 mega-samples/second (MSPS) providing an anti-aliasing capability. The over-sampled data is then stored in on-board shared memory. The data will be digitally processed at the front end to provide the position information. The local memory will be of sufficient size to store several cycles of position history data (useful following a beam inhibit/dump). Upon request, averaged, single revolution or the full memory may be obtained.
The wide dynamic range in signal will be covered in 8 ranges. Analog switches
will direct the signal through amplifiers providing 0dB to 70dB of gain (in 10dB steps).
Triggering should be straightforward since the rf is of constant frequency. Delay modules
with separate channels for each BPM and nano-second setability will trigger the ADC transfers.