This web site is designed for accessibility. Content is obtainable and functional to any browser or Internet device. This page's full visual experience is available in a graphical browser that supports web standards. See reasons to upgrade your browser.

NNSS Course
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Bldg. 197C
PO Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973


Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safeguards, and Security

in the 21st Century


Course Outline- Week 2

IAEA Safeguards and Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

Since the beginning of the nuclear age, policymakers have tried to balance the risks of nuclear weapons and the benefits of peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Nuclear and other radioactive materials play important roles in energy, health, and agriculture. But, of course, nuclear material can also be used to build weapons. The IAEA is called on to promote peaceful uses and at the same time to assure that nuclear material is not being diverted to nuclear weapons. The latter function is the IAEA safeguards system, which is used to verify the NPT and other arrangements. Students will engage in a safeguards exercise.

Topics include:

  • Safeguarding nuclear material and facilities
  • Monitoring principles and technologies
  • NPT safeguards
  • Safeguards issues in Iraq, DPRK, and Iran
  • Strengthened IAEA safeguards - Additional Protocol
  • Safeguards exercise


James Doyle, editor, Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation: Achieving Security with Technology and Policy. (Butterworth-Heinemann 2008).

Mary L. Garcia, The Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems. Butterworth-Heinemann 2001.

INFCIRC/153 - IAEA Model Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement

Theodore Hirsch, "The IAEA Additional Protocol - What It Is and Why It Matters," The Nonproliferation Review (Fall/Winter 2004).

INFCIRC/540 (IAEA model additional protocol)

Top of Page

Last Modified: December 2, 2010
Please forward all questions about this site to: Cathy Osiecki