Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safeguards, and Security
in the 21st Century
Course Outline- Week 2
IAEA Safeguards and Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy
Since the beginning of the nuclear age, policymakers have tried to
balance the risks of nuclear weapons and the benefits of peaceful uses of
nuclear energy. Nuclear and other radioactive materials play important roles
in energy, health, and agriculture. But, of course, nuclear material can
also be used to build weapons. The IAEA is called on to promote peaceful
uses and at the same time to assure that nuclear material is not being
diverted to nuclear weapons. The latter function is the IAEA safeguards system,
which is used to verify the NPT and other arrangements. Students will engage
in a safeguards exercise.
- Safeguarding nuclear material and facilities
- Monitoring principles and technologies
- NPT safeguards
- Safeguards issues in Iraq, DPRK, and Iran
- Strengthened IAEA safeguards - Additional Protocol
- Safeguards exercise
James Doyle, editor, Nuclear Safeguards, Security and
Nonproliferation: Achieving Security with Technology and Policy.
Mary L. Garcia, The Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems.
IAEA Model Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement
Theodore Hirsch, "The IAEA Additional Protocol - What It Is and Why It
Matters," The Nonproliferation Review (Fall/Winter 2004).
INFCIRC/540 (IAEA model additional protocol)
Last Modified: December 2, 2010
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