Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safeguards, and Security
in the 21st Century
Course Outline- Week 3
New Threats, New Approaches
New threats began emerging in the 1990s. The NPT was jolted by
clandestine programs in Iraq and North Korea and then Libya and Iran.
Globalization of technology provided new sources of supply for clandestine
networks. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War
weakened political constraints, and failing states and emerging states with
weak infrastructures have meant that domestic controls on dangerous
materials were inadequate. Illicit trafficking burgeoned, and a significant
terrorist threat became evident. However, the strategic threat continued to
abate, and new initiatives began.
- Nonproliferation and counterproliferation
- New proliferation threats
- Khan's Network
- Terrorism, UNSC Resolution 1540
- Special arrangements - Cooperative Threat Reduction, Material Protection, Control
- Securing the bomb
- The Prague agenda
- Role of intelligence
- Radiological threats
- Tutorial - demonstrations on detecting nuclear & other radioactive materials
Leonard Weiss, "Turning a Blind Eye Again? The Khan Network's History and
Lessons for U.S. Policy," Arms Control Today. (March 2005).
Peter van Ham and Olivia Bosch, “Global Non-Proliferation and
Counter-Terrorism: The Role of Resolution 1540 and Its Implications,”
chapter 1 in Olivia Bosch and Peter van Ham, editors, Global
Non-Proliferation and Counter-Terrorism. (Brookings 2007).
Caitlin Talmadge, “The Lessons of U.S.-Russian Materials Security
Cooperation,” The Nonproliferation Review. (March 2005).
Lawrence Scheinman, “The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: A Challenge for
Nonproliferation,” Disarmament Diplomacy (March/April 2004).
Thomas D. Lehrman, “Rethinking Interdiction – The Future of the
Proliferation Security Initiative,” The Nonproliferation Review
Last Modified: December 2, 2010
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