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Paul D. Kalb

Deputy Chair, Environmental & Climate Sciences Department

Paul Kalb has a MS Degree in Nuclear Engineering and Energy Policy from NY Institute of Technology and has been working at BNL on issues related to energy and the environment for over 30 years. As engineer and Principal Investigator, he developed and tested innovative technologies for environmental remediation and treatment of hazardous and radioactive wastes resulting from energy and industrial processes. These have included processes for encapsulation, stabilization/solidification and in situ environmental remediation as well as the development of new, environmentally friendly “green” concretes. Many of these technologies have been patented and several have been licensed for commercial deployment. In 2009, Paul was named the Brookhaven National Laboratory Inventor of the Year. In addition, Paul has managed several large field programs to better understand the dispersion of contaminants in urban environments.

Paul has been serving in a management role in the Environmental and Climate Sciences (ECS) Department, as Group Leader (1993- 2000), Division Head for Environmental Research & Technology (2000-2014), and currently as Deputy Chair. In these capacities he has had responsibility for a broad range of DOE and Work for Others programs in the areas of tracer technology applications, environmental technology development, meteorological services, and  terrestrial ecology science and technology. In addition, he has led/coordinated ECS efforts in collaboration with the BNL Sustainable Energy Technologies Department and is an active participant and contributor to the BNL solar research program.

Education

  • Polytechnic Inst. of NY, M.S. Nuclear Engineering, Certificate in Energy Policy & Engineering
  • State University of NY at Binghamton, B.T. Mechanical Engineering

Awards, Honors and Patents

  • (12) U.S. and International Patents for waste treatment, environmental remediation, and advanced materials technologies
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory Inventor of the Year, 2009
  • Brookhaven Science Associates “Outstanding Teamwork Award,” 2003
  • Village Beacon Newspaper “Man of the Year in Environment,” 2002
  • Long Island Business News “Innovator of the Year,” 2001
  • Brookhaven Science Associates Educational Programs Award, 2001
  • Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer Award

Areas of Interest

  • Contaminant fate and transport
  • Development, testing, and deployment of waste treatment technologies
  • Environmental remediation
  • Decontamination and decommissioning (D&D)
  • Use of tracers to characterize dispersion and evaluate building vulnerability
  • Evaluation and forecasting solar energy resource capabilities
  • Development and demonstration of advanced, environmentally friendly construction materials

Experience

  • Deputy Chair, Environmental and Climate Sciences Department
  • Division Head, Environmental Research and Technology Division, Department of Environmental Science, 2000-2014.
  • Associate Division Head, Environmental Research and Technology Division, and Group Leader, Environmental & Waste Management Group, Department of Environmental Science, 1993-2000.
  • Research Engineer, Waste Management R & D, Radiological Sciences Division, Department of Nuclear Energy, 1989-1993.
  • Staff Engineer, Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Division, Department of Applied Science, 1985-1989.
  • Associate and Staff Engineer, Nuclear Waste Research Group, 1980-1985.

External Service

  • Member of DOE Mercury Working Group
  • Member of Waste Management Symposium Program Advisory Group
  • Reviewer for Environmental Pollution and Journal of Environmental Management

Patents

Fuhrmann, M., J. Heiser, and P.D. Kalb, “Mercury Contamination Extraction” U.S. Patent No. 20,080,097,138 (April 24, 2008)

Kalb; P.D., D. Melamed, B. Patel, M. Fuhrmann, “Treatment of mercury containing waste” U.S. Patent No. 6,399,849 (June 4, 2002)

Kalb, P.D., J.W. Adams, P.R. Lageraaen, and C. R. Cooley, “DUPoly Process for Treatment of Depleted Uranium and Production of Beneficial End Products” U.S. Patent No. 6,030,549 (February 29, 2000)

Kalb, P.D. and P. Colombo, “Composition and Process for the Encapsulation and Stabilization of Radioactive, Hazardous and Mixed Wastes,” U.S. Patent Nos. 5,649,323 (July 1997) and 5,732,364 (March 24, 1998), 5,926,772 (July 20, 1999).

Cao, H., J.W. Adams, and P. D. Kalb, “Phosphate Glasses for Radioactive, Hazardous, and Mixed Waste Immobilization,” U.S. Patents No. 5,840,638 (Nov. 24, 1998) and No. 5,880,045 (March 9,1999).

Colombo, P., P.D. Kalb, and J.H. Heiser, “Process for the Encapsulation and Stabilization of Radioactive Hazardous and Mixed Wastes,” U.S. Patent No. 5,678,234, Oct. 14, 1997.

Selected Publications (since 1989)

Kalb, P.D., “Sulfur polymer cement (SPC)”, Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive and Mixed Wastes, Spence, R. and Shi, C., Eds., CRC Press, 2004 (Peer Reviewed book chapter).

Kalb, P.D., “Organic polymers for stabilization/solidification” Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive and Mixed Wastes, Spence, R. and Shi, C., Eds., CRC Press, 2004 (Peer Reviewed book chapter).

Kalb, P.D., “Polyethylene Encapsulation,” Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook, Chapter 6.5, C.H. Oh, ed., CRC Press, New York, 2001. (Peer Reviewed)

Kalb, P.D., “Sulfur Polymer Encapsulation”, Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook, Chapter 6.6, C.H. Oh, ed., CRC Press, New York, 2001 (Peer Reviewed)

Adams, J.W., P.R. Lageraaen, P.D. Kalb, and B.R. Patel, "Polyethylene Encapsulation of Depleted Uranium Trioxide," Emerging Technologies for Hazardous Waste Management VIII, Chapter 19, D.W. Tedder, F.G. Pohland, eds., Plenum Publishers, New York, 2000. (Peer Reviewed)

Kalb, P.D. et al., Innovative Site Remediation Technology, Solidification/Stabilization Design and Application, Vol. 4, American Academy of Environmental Engineers, Annapolis, MD, 1997 (Peer Reviewed book)

Kalb, P.D., J.W. Adams, M. Meyer, and H. Holmes Burns. "Thermoplastic Encapsulation Treatability Study for a Mixed Waste Incinerator Off-Gas Scrubbing Solution." Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes, Third Volume, American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM STP 1240, T.M. Gilliam and C.C. Wiles, eds., W. Conshohocken, PA, 1996. (Peer Reviewed)

Wright, S.L., R.W. Jones, J.F. McClelland, and P.D. Kalb, " Preliminary Tests of an Infrared Process Monitor for Polyethylene Encapsulation of Radioactive Waste," Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes, American Society of Testing and Materials, STP 1240, T.M. Gilliam and C.C. Wiles, eds., W. Conshohocken, PA, 1996. (Peer Reviewed)

Fuhrmann, M. and P.D. Kalb, "Leaching Behavior of Polyethylene Encapsulated Nitrate Waste," Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes, Third Volume, American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM STP 1240, T.M. Gilliam and C.C. Wiles, eds., W. Conshohocken, PA, 1996. (Peer Reviewed)

Adams, J.W., and P.D. Kalb, “Thermoplastic Stabilization Treatability Study of a Chloride, Sulfate, and Nitrate Salts Mixed Waste Surrogate” Emerging Technologies for Hazardous Waste Management VI, Chapter 20, D.W. Tedder, F.G. Pohland, eds., American Academy of Environmental Engineers, 1996. (Peer Reviewed)

Kalb, P.D., J.H. Heiser and P. Colombo, "Long-Term Durability of Polyethylene for Encapsulation of Low-Level Radioactive, Hazardous, and Mixed Wastes," BNL-46359, Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management, Tedder, D.W., and F.G. Pohland, eds, ACS Symposium Series No. 518, Chapter 22 , April 1993. (Peer Reviewed)

Kalb, P.D., A.F. Meinhold, and M.D. Rowe, "Monitoring Methods," in Indoor Air Quality Environmental Information Handbook: Building System Characteristics, U.S. DOE, Washington, DC, August 1986 (Peer Reviewed book chapter).

Watson, T.B., R. Wilke, R.N. Dietz, J. Heiser, and P.D. Kalb, “The Atmospheric Background of Perfluorocarbon Compounds Used as Tracers,” Environmental Science and Technology, in press.

Fuhrmann, M., D. Melamed, P.D. Kalb, J.W. Adams, and L.W. Milian, “Sulfur Polymer Stabilization/Solidification of Elemental Mercury Waste” Waste Management Journal, Vol. 22, pp. 327-333, 2002.

Kalb, P.D., and P.R. Lageraaen, "Full-Scale Technology Demonstration of a Polyethylene Encapsulation Process for Radioactive, Hazardous, and Mixed Wastes," Journal of Environmental Science and Health, A31(7), 1767-1780, 1996.

Kalb, P.D., J.H. Heiser, and P. Colombo, “Modified Sulfur Cement Encapsulation of Mixed Waste Contaminated Fly Ash,” Waste Management Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp.147-153, 1991.

Kalb, P.D., and P.D. Moskowitz, "Use of GeH4 in a-Si Photovoltaic Cell Manufacture: Hazard Assessment and Management Options, Solar Cells, Vol. 26, pp. 269-291, 1989.