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Arthur J. Sedlacek

Scientist

Dr. Arthur J. Sedlacek is an atmospheric chemist within the Environmental & Climate Sciences Department where he also serves at technical manager for the Aerosol Direct Effects group. He received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Utah where his thesis research focused on the use of infrared and Raman spectroscopies to follow reaction dynamics in both amorphous solids and in the gas phase. His post-doctoral research centered on understanding the complex energy transfer mechanisms and reaction dynamics associated with highly-vibrationally excited molecules. After joining the BNL scientific staff in 1992, he helped establish the first-ever remote sensing program at BNL and in 1999, Dr. Sedlacek’s group designed the first ever Raman lidar system specifically for the short-range, in situ, non-contact detection and identification of ground contamination. This groundbreaking work, developed to support civilian First Responders and Haz/Mat professionals, was awarded a patent in 2003.

Since joining the Environmental & Climate Sciences Department in 2004, Dr. Sedlacek’s research has focused on elucidating the contribution black carbon has to aerosol direct radiative forcing. This work resulted in the development of a new instrument, based on photothermal interferometry, for the in situ measurement of black carbon. More recently, he has expanded his research interests to examine how atmospheric aging affects both the optical and microphysica properties of black carbon. Dr. Sedlacek has organized several symposia on the application of lidar and vibrational spectroscopy for chemical and biological sensing. He has presented the results of his research at numerous national and international forums, through invited talks and in peer-reviewed publications.

Education

  • University of Utah, Ph.D., Chemical Dynamics
    Dissertation topic: "Photochemistry of Amorphous Solids"
  •  University of Wyoming, Laramie, B.S., Chemistry

Patent

  • U.S. Patent 6,606,677: Mini-Raman Sensor for the Remote, Standoff Sensing of Chemical/Biological Substances and Method for Sensing Same, Ray, Mark D., and Arthur J. Sedlacek, III,  granted 6/22/04

Awards

  • DOE Certificate of Appreciation 1998
  • Distinguished BNL Research and Development Award – 1998

Areas of Interest

  • Understanding the atmospheric aging on the optical and microphysical properties of soot and related aerosols
  • Development of model aerosol systems to elucidate the effects of encapsulation on aerosol optical properties
  • Aerosol radiative forcing and how it relates to global climate change
  • Development of novel optical-based instrumentation for aerosol, chemical and biological species detection
  • Measurement of fundamental spectroscopic properties

Memberships

  • American Chemical Society (ACS)
  • Optical Society of America, (OSA)
  • American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • American Association for Aerosol Research (AAAR)

Experience

  • Research Chemist, Brookhaven National Laboratory; Jan 1992 - present
  • Postdoctoral Research Associate, Brookhaven National Laboratory; Jan 1989-Sept 1992

External Service

  • Session chairs for AGU and AAAR conferences
  • Organized symposia on the application of optical sensors for Homeland Security for the International Society for Optical Engineering (1996, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005) as well as serving on the Executive Program committee (2001, 2003, and 2004)
  • Guest Editor: IEEE Sensors Journal; Special Issue on Sensors for the Prevention of Terrorists Acts (2004)
  • Participation in Department of Energy/National Security and Nonproliferation Congressional Hill EXPO (1998 and 1999)

Publications (since 2003)

A. J. Sedlacek, III, E. R. Lewis, T. B. Onasch, A. T. Lambe, and P. Davidovits, Probing Refractory Black Carbon-Containing Particle Configuration with a Single-Particle Soot Photometer (SP2) – (manuscript in preparation)

L. K. Berg, E. G. Chapman, J. C. Barnard, D. Chand, R. C. Easter, J. D. Fast, S. J. Ghan, M. K. Gilles, A. Laskin, X. Liu, A. McComiskey, R. McGraw, R. C. Moffett, M. D. Petters, N. Riemer, A. J. Sedlacek III, J. M. Wilson, R. A. Zaveri, A. Zelenyuk, and C. M. Berkowitz.  Understanding Aerosol Mixing State: A Cloudy Issue Requiring Resolution For The Next Generation Of Climate Models.  Bull Am Meteorol Soc., submitted (2013).

Yu, H., Gannet Hallar, A., You, Y., Sedlacek, A., Springston, S., Kanawade, V. P., Lee, Y.-N., Wang, J., Kuang, C., McGraw, R. L., McCubbin, I., Mikkila, J., and Lee, S.-H. Sub-3 nm particles observed at the coastal and continental sites in the United States. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., online, doi:10.1002/2013JD020841 (2014).

J. E. Shilling, R. A. Zaveri, J. D. Fast, L. Kleinman, M. L. Alexander, M. R. Canagaratna, E. Fortner, J. M. Hubbe, J. T. Jayne, A. J. Sedlacek III, A. Setyan, S. Springston, D. R. Worsnop, and Q. Zhang (2013) Enhanced SOA formation from mixed anthropogenic and biogenic emissions during the CARES campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 2091–2113, 2013 doi:10.5194/acp-13-2091-2013

Zaveri, R. A., plus 88 co-authors (2012) Overview of the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES).  Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 7647-7687.

Sedlacek, III, Arthur, E. R. Lewis, L. I. Kleinman, J. Xu and Q. Zhang (2012), Determination of and Evidence for Non-core-shell structure of particles containing black carbon using the single particle soot photometer (SP2). Geophys. Res. Lett., 39 L06802, doi:10.1029/2012GL050905.

Kleinman, L. I., P. H. Daum, Y.-N. Lee, E. R. Lewis, A. J. Sedlacek III, G. I. Senum, S. R. Springston, J. Wang, J. Hubbe, J. Jayne, Q. Mi4, S.S. Yum, and G. Allen (2012) Aerosol concentration and size distribution measured below, in, and above cloud from the DOE G-1 during VOCALS-REx , Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 207-223, doi:10.5194/acp-12-207-2012.

Lewis, E. R. and A. J. Sedlacek, III (2011) Interactive comment on “Effective density of Aquadag and fullerene soot black carbon reference materials used for SP2 calibration” by M. Gysel et al. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 4, 4937-4955.

Cross, Eben S., T. B. Onasch, A. Ahern, W. Wrobel, J. G. Slowik, J. Olfert, D. A. Lack, P. Massoli, C. D. Cappa, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, D W. Fahey, Arthur J. Sedlacek, III, A. Trimborn, J. T. Jayne, A. Freedman, L. R. Williams, N. L. Ng, C. Mazzoleni, D. Dubey, B. Brem, G. Kok, R. Subramanian, S. Freitag, A. Clarke, D. Thornhill, L. C. Marr, C. E. Kolb, D. R. Worsnop, and P. Davidovits, Soot Particle Studies – Instrument Intercomparison – Project Overview, Aerosol Sci. Tech. 44 (8), 592-611 (2010).

Springston, Stephen R. and Arthur J. Sedlacek, III, Noise Characteristics of an Instrumental Particle Absorbance Technique, Aerosol Sci. Tech. 41 (12), 1110-1116 (2007).

Arthur J. Sedlacek, III and Jeonghoon Lee, Photothermal Interferometric Aerosol Absorption Spectrometry, Aerosol Sci. Tech. 41 (12), 1089-1101 (2007).

Arthur J. Sedlacek, III, Real-time Detection of Ambient Aerosols using Photothermal Interferometry: Folded Jamin Interferometer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77 064903 (2006).

Heiser, John H., and Arthur J. Sedlacek, III, Using Lidar to Measure Perfluorocarbon Tracers for the Verification and Monitoring of Cap and Cover Systems, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 170 345-357 (2006).

Vig, John, E. Heijne, W. Hunt, R. Lareau, Arthur J. Sedlacek, III, T. Swager, E. Towe, Guest Editor for a special issue of the peer-reviewed IEEE Sensors Journal entitled: “Sensors for the Prevention of Terrorist Acts” Volume 5 (4) (2005).

Sedlacek III, Arthur. J., M. D. Ray and M. Wu, Application of UV Raman Scattering to Non- Traditional Stand-off Chemical Detection, Trends in Applied Spectroscopy. 5, 19-38 (2004).

Sedlacek III, Arthur J., Steven D. Christesen, Richard Colton and Tuan VoDinh; Editors SPIE Proceedings: Chemical and Biological Point Sensors for Homeland Defense , October 27- 31, 2003 in Providence, RI, 5269 (2003).

T. H. Chyba, N. S. Higdon, W. T. Armstrong, C.T. Lobb, P. L. Ponsardin, D. A. Richter, B. T. Kelly, Q. Bui, R. Babnick, M. K. Boysworth, Arthur J. Sedlacek, S. D. Christesen, M. P. Sennett, A. A. Johnson, J. A. Nordin, and L. A Silks, Tests of the Laser Interrogation of Surface Agents (LISA) system for on-the-move Standoff Sensing of Chemical Agents, International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR) 2003 proceedings.