Plants Observed on the BNL Site

Plants are listed in alphabetical order by scientific name.

*   Non-native
+   Non-native and Invasive
~   Native and invasive

Classification Common Name Scientific Name
Herbaceous Plant Yarrow Achillea millefolium
Small-flowered false-foxglove Agalinus paupercula
Quack grass Agropyron repens
Common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea
Little blue stemgrass Andropogon scoparius
Dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium
Hemp dogbane Apocynum cannibinum
Common burdock Arctium minus
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Mugwort + Artemisia vulgaris
Swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata
Milkweed Asclepias syriaca
Butterflyweed Asclepias tuberosa
Aster Aster spectabilis
Flat-topped white aster Aster umbellatus
Aster Aster undulatus
Wild indigo Baptisia Sp.
Devil's-beggar-tick Bidens frondosa
False-nettle Boehmeria cylindrica
Water shield Brasenia schreberi
Mustard Brassica sp.
Blue-joint reedgrass Calamagrostis canadensis
Cabomba Cabomba sp.
Water-starwort Callitriche palustris
Water-starwort Callitriche sp.
Pennsylvania sedge Carex pensylvanica
Tussock sedge Carex stricta
Sicklepod Cassia sp.
Knapweed * Centaurea maculosa
Coontail Ceratophyllum sp.
Common lambsquarters Chenopodium album
Spotted wintergreen Chimaphila maculata
Daisy Chrysanthemum sp.
Chickory Cichorium intybus
Canada thistle + Cirsium arvense
Bull thistle * Cirsium vulgare
British soldiers Cladonia cristatella
Horseweed Conyza canadensis
Crown vetch Coronilla varia
Dodder Cuscuta gronovii
Lady's slipper Cypripedium acaule
Orchard grass Dactylis glomerata
Poverty grass Dathonia spicata
Jimson weed Datura stramonium
Queen Anne's lace * Daucus carota
Swamp loosestrife Decodon verticillatus
Hayscented fern Dennestaedtia punctilobula
Tick-trefoil Desmodium sp.
Crabgrass Digitaria sp.
Shield fern Dryopteris sp.
Three-way sedge Dulichium arundinaceum
Spike rush Eleocharis obtusa
Common horsetail Equisetum arvense
Fleabane Erigeron sp.
Cottongrass Eriophorum virginicum
Joe-pye weed Eupatorium dubium
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum
Strawberry Fragaria virginiana
Manna grass Glyceria obtusa
Orange hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum
Canadian St. John's-wort * Hypericum canadense
Common St. John's-wort * Hypericum perforatum
Marsh St. John's-wort * Hypericum virginicum
Touch-me-not Impatiens capensis
Blue flag Iris versicolor
Canada rush Juncus canadensis
Rush Juncus effusus
Black grass Juncus gerardi
Duckweed Lemna sp.
Pepperweed Lepidium campestre
Narrow-leafed bush clover Lespedeza augustifolia
Bush clover Lespedeza virginiana
Blue toadflax Linaria canadensis
Butter and eggs * Linaria vulgaris
Rye grass * Lolium perenne
Bird's foot trefoil Lotus corniculatus
Wild lupine Lupinus perennis
Ground pine Lycopodium obscurum
White sweet clover * Melilotus alba
Water milfoil* Myriophyllum Sp.
Yellow water lily Nuphar advena
Water lily Nymphaea odorato
Evening primrose Oenothera biennis
Cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomera
Clayton's fern Osmunda claytoniana
Royal fern Osmunda regalis
Yellow woodsorrel Oxalis stricta
Witchgrass Panicum capillare
Fall panicum Panicum dichotomiflorum
Arrow arum Peltandra virginica
Stonecrop Penthorum sedoides
Reed canarygrass + Phalaris arundinacea
Timothy grass Phleum pratense
Reed grass ~ Phragmites australis
Ground cherry Physalis heterophylla
Pokeweed Phytolacca americana
Clearweed Pilea pumila
Broadleaf plaintain Plantago major
Smartweed, Knotweed Polygonum Sp.
Pickerelweed Pontederia cordata
Pondweed Potamogeton sp.
Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis
Heal-all Prunella vulgaris
Bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum
Black-eyed susan Rudbecia hirta
Dock Rumex acetosella
Arrowhead Saggitaria latifolia
Wool grass Scirpus cyperinus
Bulrush Scirpus expanus
Foxtail grass Seteria sp.
False solomon's seal Smilacina racemosa
Horse-nettle Solanum carolinense
Nightshade Solanum dulcamara
Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis
Lance-leaved goldenrod Solidago graminfolia
Common goldenrod Solidago juncea
Early flowering goldenrod Solidago nemoralis
Stiff goldenrod Solidago rigida
Spiked bur-reed Sparganium eurycarpum
Sphagnum moss Sphagnum Sp.
Skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus
Common dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Marsh fern Thelypteris palustris
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis
White clover Trifolium repens
Narrowleaf cattail + Typha angustifolia
Broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia
Bladderwort Ulricularia Sp.
Large cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpen
Moth mullein * Verbascum blattaria
Common mullein Verbascum thapsus
Blue vervain Verbena hastata
Common speedwell Veronica officinalis
Vetch Vicia sp.
Watermeal Wolffia Sp.
Virginia chain-fern Woodwardia virginica
Yellow-eyed grass Xyris flexuosa

Classification Common Name Scientific Name
Shrubs and Vines Alder Alnus rugosa
Japanese Barberry + Berberis thunbergii
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis
Oriental bittersweet + Celastrus orbiculata
Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata
Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia
Sweet fern Comptonia peregrina
Russian olive + Elaeagnus angustifolia
Forsythia Forsythia sp.
Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens
Huckleberry Gaylussacia sp.
Winterberry Ilex verticillata
Sheep laurel Kalmia angustifolia
Fetter-bush Leucothoe racemosa
Spicebush Lindera benzoin
Male-berry Lyonia ligustrina
Japanese Honeysuckle + Lonicera japonica
Stagger-bush Lyonia Mariana
Sweet fern Myrica asplenifolia
Sweetgale Myrica gale
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Swamp azalea Rhodedendron viscosum
Dwarf sumac Rhus copallina
Poison ivy Rhus radicans
Multiflora rose Rosa multiflora
Swamp rose Rosa palustris
Highbush blackberry Rubus allegheniensis
Common dewberry Rubus flagellaris
Running swamp blackberry Rubus hispidus
White willow Salix alba
Pussy willow Salix discolor
Elderberry Sambucus canadensis
Catbrier Smilax rotundifolia
Steeplebush Spirea tomentosa
Coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Yew Taxus sp.
Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium
Highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum
Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium vacillans
Withe-rod Viburnum cassinoides
Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum
American cranberry bush Viburnum trilobum
Summer grape Vitis aestivalis
Fox grape Vitis labrusca

Classification Common Name Scientific Name
Trees Balsam fir Abies balsamea
Norway maple Acer platanoides
Red maple Acer rubrum
Sugar maple Acer saccharum
Gray birch Betula populifolia
Shagbark hickory Carya ovata
American chestnut Castanea dentata
Catalpa Catalpa speciosa
Lilac Ceanothus spinosus
Flowering dogwood Cornus florida
White ash Fraxinus americana
Gingko Gingko biloba
Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos
Red cedar Juniperus virginiana
Larch Larix laricina
Black gum Nyassa sylvatica
Apple Malus Sp.
Norway spruce Picea abies
White spruce Picea glauca
Black spruce Picea mariana
Blue spruce Picea pungens
Red pine Pinus resinosa
Pitch pine Pinus rigida
White pine Pinus strobus
London planetree Platanus acerifolia
Sycamore Platanus occidentalis
Large-toothed aspen Populus grandidentata
Quaking aspen Populus tremuloides
Plum Prunus americana
Black or fire cherry Prunus serotina
White oak Quercus alba
Swamp white oak Quercus bicolor
Scarlet oak Quercus coccinea
Scrub oak Quercus illicifolia
Dwarf chestnut oak Quercus prinoides
Chestnut oak Quercus prinus
Black locust + Robinia pseudoacacia
Sassafras Sassafras albidum
White cedar Thuja occidentalis
Canadian Hemlock Tsuga canadensis

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Last Modified: November 14, 2008
Please forward all questions about this site to: Karen Ratel