Biohazards are common in research and clinical labs typical of BNL. They are inherently different from chemical toxins, carcinogens, or physical agents. These differences are exploited in assessing risk as well as in selecting and applying control measures. The two main objectives for the bio safety program are providing effective containment of the hazardous products and preventing infection.
Some of the biohazards at BNL include etiological agents used in biological and medical research, sanitary effluents, tick borne Lyme Disease, Hanta virus from rodents, and histoplasmosis from fungi that grow on bat & bird droppings.