Electrophoretic Mini-Gels Microscale Chemical Use 2,200 Hazardous Waste - Lab Pack $10,400 $1,670 $8,730 Minimization of Silver Waste from Silver-Staining Electrophoretic Mini-Gels.  Savings reflect avoided waste disposal costs and lower material purchase costs ($6000)
Hydraulic Oil Product Substitution 1,000 Industrial Waste $17,000 $7,500 $9,500 Retrofit of Garbage Truck Hydraulics With Steel-braded Hydraulic Lines and a Vegetable Based Hydraulic Oil.  This project will reduce the number of reportable spills along with the subsequent clean up costs ($15,000).
Hydraulic Oil Product Substitution 3,000 Industrial Waste $26,000 $8,000 $18,000 Retrofit of Hydraulic Lift Bays in Motor Pool Shop to Vegetable Based Hydraulic Oil.  This project minimized the potential for petroleum based hydraulic oil leaks/spills and subsequent clean up costs ($20,000)
Sewage Sludge Volume Reduction 234,000 Radioactive Waste $910,000 $193,400 $716,600 60,000 gallons of radioactive STP liquid waste could have been disposed of through a contractor at a cost of $910,000.  Instead, the waste was dried using rolloffs, absorbent and lime and sent off for disposal via rail cars.  In addition, a second drying bed was built to dry sludge (96% volume reduction) from the anaerobic sludge digester..
CO2 Snow Cleaning for Source Reduction 0 Hazardous Waste / Industrial Waste $5,000 $5,000 $0 Equipment purchased to evaluate CO2 Snow Cleaning for NSLS, Instrumentation and CAD applications.  This project has the potential to reduce solvent usage (hazwaste), and aqueous cleaning wastes (industrial waste).  Due to late purchase date, equipment not evaluated during this calendar year.
Film and other radioisotopic imaging  Substitution 300 Hazardous Waste / Industrial Waste $22,000 $25,000 -$3,000 Replacement of Film-based Autoradiography and other radioisotopic imaging  with a Phosphor Imager reduced hazardous waste generation by 200 pounds and industrial waste generation by 100 pounds.  There are additional projected savings in annual supply costs ($3,000) and labor reduction ($15,000)
Digital Imaging System Substitution 282 Hazardous Waste / Radioactive Waste / Industrial Waste $25,000 $25,000 $0 Reduction of hazardous (134 lbs), radioactive (80 lbs) and industrial waste (68 lbs) with a digital imaging system.  There are additional projected savings in annual supply costs ($3,000) and labor reduction ($20,000)
Fluorescence-Based Assay Substitution 200 Mixed Waste $30,550 $22,000 $8,550 Development of a fluorescence-based assay for the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs) to replace current 32P assay
Photographic Waste Segregation 2,320 Hazardous Waste $4,640 $0 $4,640 During calendar year 2001 the Photography and Graphic Arts Division implemented a pollution prevention project that segregates hazardous fixer from non-hazardous developer. This reduced the hazardous waste stream by approximately 2,320 lbs.
Photographic waste from X-ray film processor Source Reduction 765 Hazardous Waste $3,115 $0 $3,115 During calendar year 2001 the X-ray film processor at the clinic was replaced with a more efficient processor, reducing hazardous waste generation by 90 gallons/year. This avoids the cost of disposal  (765 lbs) and saves $1,585 from reduce labor.
Photoresist waste Source Reduction 500 Hazardous Waste $1,000 $0 $1,000 During calendar year 2001 a fully aqueous developer solution was installed in the printed circuit laboratory for processing dry film photoresist. The system replaced a solvent-based process that formerly generated approximately 500 lbs of hazardous waste annually.
Heavy metal solutions from Crystallography experiments Source Reduction 10,200 Hazardous Waste $26,400 $0 $26,400 This project, funded by the pollution prevention council during calendar year 2001, installed a xenon pressure cell to allow preparation of samples for protein crystallography without the use of toxic heavy metal solutions. The project is estimated to eliminate 1200 gallons of heavy metal hazardous waste (10,200 lbs) . Additionally, approximate $6,000 savings is estimated from reduced labor and handling.
Lead Acid Batteries Recycled 12,600 Hazardous Waste $25,200 $0 $25,200 Estimate 40 lbs./battery and avoided disposal costs as hazardous waste.
Ion Exchange wastewater Source Reduction 1250 Hazardous and Sanitary Wastewater $2,500 $100 $2,400 Prefilters were added to the deionization system to polish make up water entering the ion exchange system. This extended the useful life of the ion exchange resins, requiring less frequent regeneration. The regeneration process generates hazardous and sanitary wastewaters.
Smoke Detectors Source Reduction 120 Mixed Waste $1,050 $400 $650 Removed 40 americium and/or radium smoke detectors from service and returned to the manufacturer . Replaced with energy efficient/non-rad photoelectric units. Project avoided disposal as mixed waste (5 ft3).
Tritium Exit Signs Source Reduction 112 Mixed Waste $14,700 $6,000 $8,700 Removed 28 tritium exit signs from service and returned to the manufacturer . Replaced with energy efficient light emitting diode (LED) signs. Project reduced risk of tritium gas release and avoided disposal as mixed waste (70 ft3).
Cooling Water Reuse 153,000 Radioactive Waste $153,000 $0 $153,000 Approximately 18,000 gallons (153,000 lbs) of cooling water was reused in the main magnet cooling water system, avoiding disposal as radioactive waste water.
Short Half-life waste Decay in Storage 3950 Radioactive Waste $1,575 $0 $1,575 Short half-life isotopes, particularly phosphorus-32 and phosphorus-33, are frequently used in life sciences experiments. Wastes generated from these operations (63 ft3)were managed in accordance with BNL decay-in-storage requirements, rendering the wastes eligible for volumetric release. 
Filters Decay in Storage 1,920 Radioactive Waste $6,250 $0 $2,410 Filters from the air handlers in the Linear Accelerator facility become contaminated with beryllium-7, a short-lived isotope eligible for decay. The filters were allowed to decay for over ten half-lives in accordance with the decay in storage requirements. They were surveyed and released as undetectable for disposal as industrial waste.
Oily Waste Water Source Reduction 6,240 Industrial Waste $20,280 $0 $20,280 This project, funded by the pollution prevention council during calendar year 2001, installed automatic oil-water separators on compressor blowdown stations. These units capture the oily discharge and save significant labor hours compared to the previous system.  Labor savings is estimated at $7800/yr.
Lubricating Oil Energy Recovery 38,400 Industrial Waste $76,800 $500 $78,700 Approximately 4,800 gallons of lubricating oils were collected, tested for suitable for use as waste oil fuel, and used for energy production at the Central Steam Facility. Cost of analysis is estimated at $500.  The fuel use savings are estimated at $.50/gallon
Cooling Tower Chemicals Source Reduction 6,375 Industrial Waste $15,000 $0 $15,000 Ozone water treatment units were installed on cooling towers at two RHIC experiments to provide biological control of cooling water. These systems eliminate the need for water treatment chemicals (typically toxic biocides), save labor, and reduce analytical costs for monitoring cooling tower blowdown. Savings are estimated at $15,000/yr.
Hydraulic Oil Source Reduction 6,000 Industrial Waste $33,000 $0 $33,000 During calendar year 2001, a project (funded by the pollution prevention council) replaced hydraulic lines on heavy equipment with steel braided lines and replaced the petroleum based hydraulic oils with bio-based vegetable oils. Hydraulic line breaks were responsible for a significant number of reportable spills and costly response and clean-up. This project reduced the frequency of spills and resulting response and clean-up costs. The vegetable based oil is biodegradable and subject to fewer reporting requirements. Avoided disposal costs are based on 6000 lbs of industrial waste and  savings from reduced response and clean-up costs are estimated at $33,000.
Emergency Generator Reuse 0 Recycle/Reuse $0 $2,686 $24,000 A generator was obtained from DOE Fluor-Fernal through the DOE Materials Exchange Service.  The $1,200 was transportational cost from Ohio.
Brokk model 250 Reuse 0 Recycle/Reuse $0 $1,000 $80,000 Remotely operated hydraulic excavator from DOE Princeton Plasma Laboratory through the DOE Materials Exchange Service.  The $1,000 was transpotational cost from New Jersey.
Blasocut Machining Coolant Recycled/Reused 65,440 Industrial Waste $130,880 $0 $143,180 Central Shops Division operates a recycling system that reclaims Blasocut machining coolant and supplies it labwide. 8180 gallons (65,440 lbs.) of Blasocut lubricant were recycled in 2002. Recycling involves aeration, centrifuge, and filtration. Avoids cost of disposal as industrial waste plus an avoided cost of procurement of 6 drums of concentrate ($800/drum) and 150 drums for waste ($50/drum). Cost of recycle is estimated to be the same as cost of procurement and preparation of proper dilution for use.
Used Motor Oil Energy Recovery 37,240 Industrial Waste $79,230 $0 $79,230 Used motor oil from the motor pool and the on-site gas station is picked for free up by Strebel's Laundry Service and used to fire their waste oil dryers.  During calendar year 2002 4655 gallons of oil were picked avoiding cost for disposal and 95 drums for shipping ($50/drum)
Office Paper Recycled 418,200 Sanitary Waste $16,728 $0 $16,728 Estimate $80/ton for disposal as trash.
Cardboard Recycled 314,480 Sanitary Waste $12,579 $0 $12,579 Estimate $80/ton for disposal as trash.
Scrap Metal Recycled 88,000 Sanitary Waste $3,520 $0 $3,520 Estimate $80/ton for disposal as trash.
Bottles/Cans Recycled 58,600 Sanitary Waste $2,344 $0 $2,344 Estimate $80/ton for disposal as trash.
Construction Debris Recycled 607,160 Sanitary Waste $7,590 $0 $7,590 Estimate $25/ton for disposal as trash.
  TOTALS 2,073,854   $1,683,331 $298,256 $1,503,621  
* Cost savings of Projects funded by the BNL Pollution Prevention Council will be carried on the tracking system for three years              
putressible waste / ton 80.00
hazardous waste / pound 2.00
industrial waste / pound 2.00
Labpack / pound 11.00
radioactive liquid / pound 1.00
sewage sludge / drum n/a
non-compactible LLW / ft3 25.00
compactible LLW / ft3 25.00
high activity LLW / ft3 n/a
mixed waste / ft3 210.00