WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED, REUSED, RECYCLED OR CONSERVED IN 2005 WASTE TYPE POTENTIAL COSTS FOR TREATMENT & DISPOSAL COST OF RECYCLE, PREVENTION ESTIMATED COST SAVINGS PROJECT DESCRIPTION DETAILS *
Aerosol Can Disposal System Recycling 66 66 pounds of hazardous waste $991 $1,700 $991 Allows spent aerosol cans to be recycled scrap metal rather than sent to WMD as hazardous waste
Formaldetox Source Reduction 128 128 pounds of lab pack industrial wastes expected to be removed $2,120 $1,040 $2,120 Neutralizes non-hazardous para-formaldehyde, chlorix, bleach and rat blood
Replacement of IO Mercury Thermometers Substitution 20 Mercury $2,350 $250 $2,350 Approximately 20 lb of mercury-containing thermometers were removed from IO laboratories during 2005. Savings are based on the cost of one mercury spill and cleanup.
Replacement of PO Mercury Thermometers Substitution 30 Mercury $2,350 $450 $2,350 Approximately 30 lb of mercury-containing thermometers were removed from Physics laboratories during 2005. Savings are based on the cost of one mercury spill and cleanup.
Photon Counting Spectroflurometer Substitution 54 2 ft3 of mixed waste and 1000 man-hours $10,540 $46,350 $25,540 Eliminated the need for radioactive assays and the subsequent generated radioactive waste.  Cost savings include 1000 man-hours and savings on material costs
Replacement of Mercury Utility Devices Substitution 120 Mercury   $12,000 $2,350 Approximately 120 lb of mercury-containing devices were removed from utility devices during 2005. Savings are based on the cost of one mercury spill and cleanup.
Animal Bedding Conveying System Dismantling * Recycling 2,000 250 ft3 of LLRW $38,974 $5,000 $38,974 This is a multi-year / multiple Department funded initiative that will eliminate LLRW and provide a safer work environment in the Medical Dept.
PCB Transformer Carcus Removal Removal 4,000 High level risk to the Lab   $6,251 $6,000 This was the final stage of a multiyear / multiple Department funded initiative to eliminate some electrical components which were PCB contaminated
Recovery of CFC R-113 from Building 511 Chiller Substitution 490 Reduction of Class 1 Ozone Depleting Substances $4,250 $500 $3,750 Recovery and reuse by another DOE facility of 490 pounds of R-113 (a Class 1 ODS)
Halogen 1211 Fire Extinguisher Substitution * Substitution 1,700 Reduction of Halogenated Ozone Depleting Substances   $10,000 $6,250 1700 pounds of halogen 1211 removed from service and replaced with non-ozone depleting substances
EP Grounds Vehicle Wash * Waste Minimization 8,000 oils/grease to soils $16,000 $3,000 $16,000 This is a multi-year / multiple Department funded initiative that will eliminate the potential of oil and grease being released to soil
208 Hopper Demolition Recycled 12,000 Legacy Waste and Safety Risk to Lab $12,000 $8,100 $4,000 This is a multiple Department funded initiative that eliminated a potential legacy waste and a severe safety concern.
Lab-Wide Earth Day Mercury Disposal Amnesty Removal 30 Mercury   $6,000 $2,350 Approximately 30 lb of mercury-containing waste was removed from use during this 2005 amnesty program. Savings are based on the cost of one mercury spill and cleanup.
Automotive Waste Substitution 510 Hazardous Waste $1,061 $0 $1,000 In 2004, solvent-based brake cleaners were replaced, reducing the hazards associated with their use and disposal.
Mercury Utility Devices Substitution 60 Mercury $1,750 $0 $1,750 Approximately 60 lb of mercury-containing devices were removed from Buildings 463 and 490 in 2004. Savings are based on the cost of one mercury spill and cleanup.
PCB Oils Retrofill 1,200 Hazardous Waste $2,850 $0 $2,850 Approximately 150 gal of PCB-laden oil were removed from the ATF Klystron in 2004. Savings are based on the cost of one PCB spill and cleanup.
Organic Solvents Substitution 678 Hazardous Waste $1,410 $0 $26,000 Life Sciences purchased a Microwave Peptide Synthesizer in 2004 to significantly reduce the amount of hazardous wastes generated. Saves ~1,000 work hours/year (reflected in cost savings).
Organic Solvents Purification/Reuse 480 Hazardous Waste $998 $0 $10,915 The primary cost saving of the BES solvent purification system, new in 2004, is in not purchasing new solvent.
Cooling Water Reuse 80,000 Deionized water $0 $0 $10,000 A closed-cycle water recycling system for the Building 480 melt spinner was purchased in 2004. This saves a minimium of 10,000 gal of ultra-pure water and extends the life expentancy of equipment worth $100,000.
PCB Oils Removal 3,110 Hazardous Waste $6,469 $0 $2,850 In 2004, ~300 gal of pure PCB oil were drained from the transformer and rectifier in Building 901 (former PET Facility). Also removed were 30 PCB capacators and 11 PCB transformers. Savings are based on the cost of one PCB spill and cleanup.
Mercury Utility Devices Substitution 40 Mercury $2,300 $0 $2,300 OMC replaced mercury-containing equipment with non mercury-containing equipment in 2004. Savings are based on the cost of one mercury spill and cleanup.
Radioactive Waste Source Reduction 1,500 Radioactive Waste $6,000 $0 $6,000 A sorting table was purchased in 2003 for the Waste Yard, so clean waste could be sorted from radioactive waste.
Radioactive Emissions Emission Reduction 0 Radioactive Emissions     $0 A shroud was installed over the 16-inch diameter shaft in the Hot Cell of the BLIP, isolating cooling water from the rapidly moving air of the exhaust system and allowing radiological decay within the water system. Slowing the diffusion into the hot cell air will effectively reduce gaseous emissions into the exhaust stack, as these radionuclides have very short half lives.
Radioactive Waste generated through wet chemistry Waste Minimization 30 Mixed waste / Liquid Radioactive Waste $17,600 $0 $22,500 The purchase of a Kinetic Phosphorescence Analyzer (KPA) system for uranium analysis eliminated mixed waste generation in this chemistry laboratory, reduced by 90% the volume of liquid waste, reduced by 90% the amount of radioactive material handled, minimized exposure to uranium by laboratory personnel, and decreased labor time by 75%.
Radioactive Waste from labeled chemicals Waste Minimization/ Volume Reduction 0 Solid Radioactive Waste $2,168 $0 $2,168 A vial crusher for glass vials, pipettes, and other glassware was purchased to reduce volume of rad waste.
Radioactive and Mixed Wastes from radio-labeled chemicals Waste Minimization 112 Mixed Waste $27,690 $0 $27,690 A microplate scintillation counter was purchased to to reduce mixed waste generation.
Pump Oil Substitution 51 Hazardous Waste / Industrial Waste $3,520 $0 $3,520 Oil-displacement pumps were replaced with dry pumps for both laboratory and aircraft missions.  
Photographic Waste Substitution 3,840 Hazardous Waste / Industrial Waste $7,600 $0 $16,489 A photographic processor reduced the amount of chemicals used and waste generated by up to 80%.
Electrophoretic Mini-Gels Microscale Chemical Use 2,200 Hazardous Waste - Lab Pack $10,576 $0 $10,576 This system minimizes silver waste from silver-staining electrophoretic mini-gels. Savings reflect avoided waste disposal costs and lower material purchase costs ($6,000).
Hydraulic Oil Product Substitution 3,000 Industrial Waste $26,000 $0 $26,000 Hydraulic lift bays in the Motor Pool Shop were retrofitted to vegetable-based hydraulic oil in 2002. During 2005 an underground hydraulic pipe leak occured.  The hydraulics were re-piped above ground and the oil was allowed to biodegrade in place.
Sewage Sludge Volume Reduction 122,570 Radioactive Waste $232,080 $0 $226,480 Disposal of 60,000 gal of radioactive STP liquid waste by a contractor would cost $910,000. Instead, the waste is dried using rolloffs, absorbent, and lime and shipped via rail to a disposal facility. A second drying bed was built to dry sludge (96% volume reduction) from the anaerobic sludge digester.
Film and other radioisotopic imaging  Substitution 300 Hazardous Waste / Industrial Waste $22,000 $0 $22,000 Replacement of film-based autoradiography and other radioisotopic imaging with a Phosphor Imager reduced hazardous waste generation by 200 lb and industrial waste generation by 100 lb. Additional projected savings are in annual supply costs and labor reduction.
Digital Imaging System Substitution 282 Hazardous Waste / Radioactive Waste / Industrial Waste $25,000 $0 $25,000 Reduction of hazardous (134 lb), radioactive (80 lb), and industrial (68 lb) waste with installation of a digital imaging system.  Additional projected savings are in annual supply costs and labor reduction.
Fluorescence-Based Assay Substitution 200 Mixed Waste $30,550 $0 $30,550 Development of a fluorescence-based assay for the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs), replacing the 32P assay.
Lead Acid Batteries Recycled 9,200 Hazardous Waste $19,136 $0 $19,136 Estimate 40 lb/battery and avoided disposal costs as hazardous waste.
Ion Exchange wastewater Source Reduction 1250 Hazardous and Sanitary Wastewater $2,600 $100 $2,500 Prefilters, added to the deionization system, polish makeup water entering the ion exchange system. This extends the useful life of the ion exchange resins, requiring less frequent regeneration. The regeneration process generates hazardous and sanitary waste. There is a small annual cost for replacement supplies.
Smoke Detectors Source Reduction 513 Mixed Waste $112,039 $10,650 $101,389 In 2005, 171 Americium smoke detectors were removed from service, returned to the manufacturer, and replaced with non-rad detectors. This ongoing project reduces the risk of americium being released to the environment and avoids eventual disposal as mixed waste.
Cooling Water Reuse 6,800 Radioactive Waste $16,266 $0 $16,266 Approximately 850 gal (6,800 lb) of cooling water were reused in the main magnet cooling water system, avoiding disposal as radioactive waste water.
Short Half-life waste Decay in Storage 25 Radioactive Waste $2,308 $0 $2,308 Short half-life isotopes, particularly phosphorus-32 and phosphorus-33, are frequently used in life sciences experiments. In 2005, wastes from these operations (6 ft3) were managed in accordance with BNL decay-in-storage requirements, rendering the wastes eligible for volumetric release. 
Lubricating Oil Energy Recovery 4,000 Industrial Waste $8,320 $500 $8,000 In 2005, ~4,000 lb (500 gal) of lubricating oils were collected, tested for suitable for use as waste oil fuel, and used for energy production at the Central Steam Facility. Avoided disposal cost was $8,000. Cost of testing ($500) was offset by fuel use savings ($1.00/gal).
Cooling Tower Chemicals Source Reduction 6,375 Industrial Waste $15,000 $0 $15,000 In 2001, ozone water treatment units were installed on cooling towers at two RHIC experiments to provide biological control of cooling water. These systems eliminate the need for water treatment chemicals (typically toxic biocides), save labor, and reduce analytical costs for monitoring cooling tower blowdown.
Blasocut Machining Coolant Recycled/Reused 31,120 Industrial Waste $68,630 $0 $75,030 Central Shops Division operates a recycling system that reclaims Blasocut machining coolant and supplies it labwide. 3,890 gal (31,120 lb) of Blasocut lubricant were recycled in 2005. Recycling involves aeration, centrifuge, and filtration. This avoids cost of disposal as industrial waste plus an avoided cost of procurement of 8 drums of concentrate ($800/drum) and 78 drums for waste ($50/drum).
Used Motor Oil Energy Recovery 34,560 Industrial Waste $75,785 $0 $83,370 Used motor oil from the motor pool and the on-site gas station is picked for free up by Strebel's Laundry Service and used to fire their waste oil dryers. In 2005, 4,320 gal of oil were picked up, avoiding cost for disposal and 87 drums for shipping ($50/drum).
Office Paper Recycled 388,000 Sanitary Waste $19,400 $0 $19,400 Estimate $100/ton for disposal as trash.
Cardboard Recycled 314,000 Sanitary Waste $15,700 $0 $15,700 Estimate $100/ton for disposal as trash.
Scrap Metal Recycled 1,122,000 Sanitary Waste $56,100 $0 $56,100 Estimate $100/ton for disposal as trash.
Bottles/Cans Recycled 42,000 Sanitary Waste $2,100 $0 $2,100 Estimate $100/ton for disposal as trash.
Construction Debris Recycled 578,000 Sanitary Waste $13,005 $0 $13,005 Estimate $45/ton for avoiding disposal as trash.
  TOTALS 2,786,644   $943,584 $111,891 $1,018,966  
* Cost savings of projects funded by the BNL Pollution Prevention Council will be tracked for three years.
putressible waste / ton 100.00
hazardous waste / pound 2.08
industrial waste / pound 2.08
Labpack / pound 17.26
radioactive liquid / pound 2.39 20 dollars per gallon per Ed Richards on 2/28/05
sewage sludge / drum n/a
non-compactible LLW / ft3 155.90
compactible LLW / ft3 92.30
high activity LLW / ft3 n/a
mixed waste / ft3 218.40