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NSLS – Celebrating the Accomplishments

X28C beamline

Preparing test samples at the X28C beamline.

After 32 years of distinguished operations, Brookhaven Lab’s National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) will shut down on September 30, 2014, as we begin the transition to the new Light Source-II. Our first Light Source began operations in 1982. Since then, it has accommodated more than 18,400 unique users in its lifetime as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) user facility and has made possible countless research findings and breakthroughs in new investigative techniques. The NSLS has yielded advances in biology, physics, chemistry, geophysics, medicine, and materials science. Over the years, it has been used to study: 

  • The chemical origins of nerve impulses, the electrical activity that underlies all movement sensation, and perhaps even thought – work that led to the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry; 
  • The inner workings of ribosomes, cellular “factories” that produce the thousands of proteins required for living cells – work that resulted in the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry;
  • The crystal structure of new materials such as high-temperature superconductors and nanomaterials, that may lead to advanced electronic devices;
  • Material dredged from the Port of New York/New Jersey, to determine the nature of pollutants in the sediment;
  • The chemical composition of bones, which may aid in the understanding of arthritis and osteoporosis;
  • Electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries, with the aim of improving their performance;
  • Techniques to make smaller, faster computer chips;
  • How the microstructure of magnetic recording media relates to the performance of the device; and
  • How the size of gold nanoparticles affects their efficiency as a catalyst for fuel cells.

The NSLS-II, scheduled for completion in 2015, will accommodate 60-70 beamlines and will host over 4,000 users every year when fully built out. It will be a state-of-the-art, medium-energy electron storage ring designed to deliver world-leading x-ray intensity and brightness, more than 10,000 times brighter than our first Light Source.

2014-5199  |  INT/EXT  |  Media & Communications Office

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Using Radar to Predict Storm Electrical Outages

electric power grid

Brookhaven recently received $250,000 from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) to investigate how weather radar data can be used in real time to speed restoration of electric utility systems during and after significant weather events. 

One of seven grid-related projects across the state that will share a total of $3.3 million in funding, the project’s goal is to increase the overall resiliency of the electric grid managed by two New York State utilities — Orange and Rockland Utility (ORU) and Central Hudson Gas & Electric (CHGE) — and prepare them for future demonstration projects. The experience gained through this project is also expected to provide a template for other NY State utilities to follow. 

“We’ll be working across the Laboratory as an integrated team,” said Stephanie Hamilton, Brookhaven’s Smarter Grid R&D manager. “Our meteorologists, along with our grid engineers, probabilistic risk assessment engineers, and computation experts will technically and scientifically support our utility partners and their technical consultants.”

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Recognized at Home and Abroad for World-class Achievements

Susan Pepper

Susan Pepper

Susan Pepper, deputy chair of Brookhaven’s Nonproliferation and National Security Department and leader of the Safeguards Policy and Implementation Group, won the Edway R. Johnson Meritorious Service Award, given by the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM). Pepper was honored “for her accomplishments as a professional in the field of international safeguards and her many enthusiastic contributions to the Institute.” The INMM is the premier nonprofit technical organization devoted to ensuring the safe, secure, and peaceful stewardship of nuclear materials for the benefit of mankind.

Alexei M. Tsvelik

Alexei M. Tsvelik

Senior physicist Alexei M. Tsvelik, has won the prestigious Alexander von Humboldt Research Award for his internationally renowned academic accomplishments. “Alexei is an expert in the area of strongly correlated electron physics,” said Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department Chair Peter Johnson. “This prestigious award acknowledges his worldwide recognition in this important research area.” Tsvelik’s recent research has focused on studying the phase diagram of copper oxide high-temperature superconductors. Superconductivity, or the ability to transmit electric current without loss, is an example of a thermodynamic phase.

Ivan Bozovic

Ivan Bozovic

Brookhaven Lab physicist Ivan Bozovic has been elected to Academia Europea, the European Academy of Humanities, Letters and Sciences, in recognition of his lifetime achievements. Best known for his pioneering work developing tools to assemble exquisite thin-film samples of cuprate superconductors, Bozovic has also made important experimental discoveries and advances in the theoretical underpinnings of these and other complex materials that hold great promise for energy-saving applications.

Jingguang Chen

Jingguang Chen

Jingguang Chen, a senior scientist in Brookhaven’s Chemistry Department who holds a joint appointment as the Thayer Lindsley Professor of Chemical Engineering at Columbia University, has won the American Chemical Society’s (ACS) 2015 George A. Olah Award in Hydrocarbon or Petroleum Chemistry. Established by ACS in 1948 to honor Olah – a Hungarian American chemist who won the 1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry – the award is intended to recognize, encourage, and stimulate outstanding research achievements in hydrocarbon or petroleum chemistry. Chen is being honored for research that focuses on understanding and developing metal carbides and bimetallic alloys as catalysts and electrocatalysts. His research has had a positive impact on both industrial and academic catalysis science.

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Happenings

  • October 9 – Community Advisory Council meeting. 6:30 PM, Berkner Hall, Room B.
  • October 14 – BSA Distinguished Lecture, “LCLS: A stunning new view through X-ray laser eyes” presented by Chi-Chang Kao, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. 4 PM, Berkner Hall Auditorium.
  • October 22 – Noon recital. Performer(s) to be announced. Berkner Hall Auditorium.

*The events above are free and open to the public. Visitors 16 and older must bring a photo ID for access to BNL events.

2014-5202  |  INT/EXT  |  Media & Communications Office