Scientific Opportunities: Materials & Chemical Sciences
Growth and Processing of Advanced Materials
The growth of thin films is a non-equilibrium phenomenon governed by a competition between kinetics and thermodynamics. The figure illustrates common themes in thin film growth processes and methods. The properties of a large fraction of naturally and artificially grown materials depend on the interface between the growing crystal and its surrounding environment. One challenge of characterizing growing systems in real time is the wide variation in the density of crystal growth environments, which ranges from ultra-high vacuum environments to dense liquid/crystal interfaces.
NSLS-II will produce photons in energy ranges that are well suited for characterizing these interfaces. NSLS-II will take us beyond the study of static surfaces and make the study of dynamically evolving surfaces and interfaces, critical to understanding and optimizing the growth of materials, practical and routine.
Last Modified: May 2, 2014