1987: The theory of self-organized criticality is proposed.
One of ten national laboratories overseen and primarily
funded by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Brookhaven
National Laboratory conducts research in the physical, biomedical, and environmental
sciences, as well as in energy technologies and national security. Brookhaven Lab also
builds and operates major scientific facilities available to university, industry and
government researchers. Brookhaven is operated and managed for DOE’s Office of Science by
Brookhaven Science Associates, a limited-liability company founded by Stony Brook University,
the largest academic user of Laboratory facilities, and Battelle, a nonprofit, applied science
and technology organization.