The International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) technically and administratively manages the United States Support Program (USSP). ISPO is based at Brookhaven National Laboratory and maintains a Liaison Office in Vienna. ISPO performs this service at the behest of the Subgroup on Safeguards Technical Support (SSTS), a Washington-based interagency committee that provides policy and program oversight and task funding approval. The SSTS is composed of representatives of the U.S. Departments of State, Energy, and Defense, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
The USSP assists the IAEA in its mission to provide credible assurances to the international community that Member States are honoring their nuclear non-proliferation obligations. Specifically, the USSP provides financial and technical support to resolve technical safeguards issues and improve verification tools. The assistance is provided by a number of US participants, including private sector businesses, national laboratories of the Department of Energy, individual consultants on short term assignments, and Cost-Free Experts (CFEs) and Junior Professional Officers (JPOs) who live in Vienna and work at the IAEA headquarters. The USSP responds to official requests for assistance from the IAEA Department of Safeguards.
Areas of support include equipment and software development and integration, training, systems studies, and information management.