Environmental Protection Agency Established

April 1970

Environmental Protection Agency Established


In a memo dated April 29, 1970, the Presidents Advisory Council on Executive Organization recommended that key anti-pollution programs be merged into an Environmental Protection Administration.

President Nixon, by Executive Order, announced the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency and transferred 15 units to it from existing organizations such as the Department of the Interior, the Department of Agriculture, and Council on Environmental Quality functions. Another unit transferred to the newly formed agency was the Atomic Energy Commissions Division of Radiation Protection Standards. The authority to establish generally applicable environmental standards for protection of the general environment from radioactive material and to work with states to establish and execute radiation protections programs now rested with the EPA.

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EPA History