Ferromagnetism in the Two-Dimensional Periodic Anderson Model
J. E. Gubernatis
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Using the constrained path Monte Carlo method, we studied the magnetic properties of the two-dimensional periodic Anderson model for electron fillings between ¼ and ½. We also derived two effective low energy theories to assist in interpreting the numerical results. For ¼ filling we found that the system can be a Mott or a charge transfer insulator, depending on the relative values of the Coulomb interaction and the charge transfer gap between the two non-interacting bands. The insulator may be a paramagnet or antiferromagnet. We concentrated on the effect of electron doping on these insulating phases. Upon doping, we obtain a partially saturated ferromagnetic phase for low concentrations of conduction electrons. If the system were a charge transfer insulator, we would find that the ferromagnetism is induced by the well-known RKKY interaction. However, we found a novel correlated hopping mechanism inducing the ferromagnetism in the region where the non-doped system is a Mott insulator. Our regions of ferromagnetism spanned a much smaller doping range than suggested by recent slave boson and dynamical mean field theory calculations, but they are consistent with those obtained by density matrix renormalization group calculations of the one-dimensional periodic Anderson model.