Last modified
November 18, 2003

  Seminar Abstract
Center for Data Intensive Computing



Detection of Cancer Specific Markers Amidst Massive Mass Spectral Data

We propose a comprehensive pattern recognition procedure that will achieve best discrimination between two or more sets of subjects with data in the same coordinate system. Applying the procedure to mass spectrometry data of proteomic analysis of serum from ovarian cancer patients and serum from cancer-free individuals in the FDA/NCI Clinical Proteomics Database, we have achieved perfect discrimination (100% sensitivity, 100% specificity) of patients with ovarian cancer, including early stage disease, from normal controls for two independent sets of data. Our procedure identifies the best subset of proteomic biomarkers for optimal discrimination between the groups and appears to have higher discriminatory power than other methods reported to date. For large scale screening for diseases of relatively low prevalence such as ovarian cancer, almost perfect specificity and sensitivity of the detection system is critical to avoid unmanageably high numbers of false positive cases.


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