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Climate and Process Modeling

Publications (2011 to present)

2020

Gao, S., C. Lu, Y. Liu, F. Mei, J.Wang2 4, L. Zhu, S. Yan, 2020: Contrasting Scale Dependence of Entrainment-Mixing Mechanisms in Stratocumulus Clouds, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL086970. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL086970

Gustafson, W.I., A.M. Vogelmann, Z. Li, X. Cheng, K.K. Dumas, S. Endo, K.L. Johnson, B. Krishna, T. Fairless, and H. Xiao, 2020: The Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Symbiotic Simulation and Observation (LASSO) Activity for Continental Shallow Convection. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 101, E462-E479, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0065.1 (2020).

Lu, C., Y. Liu, S. Yum et al., 2020: Reconciling contrasting relationships between relative dispersion and volume‐mean radius of cloud droplet size distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031868. https://doi.org/ 10.1029/2019JD031868

Xie, Y., M. Sengupta, Y. Liu, H. Long, Q. Min, W. Liu, A. Habte, 2020: A Physics-Based DNI Model Assessing All-Sky Circumsolar Radiation, iScience, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci. 2020.100893.

Zhao, X., Y. Liu, F. Yu, A. K. Heidinger, and K. Saha, 2020: Climatology Perspective of Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for Cirrus Clouds Over the Global Oceans. Remote Sensing, Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 823; doi:10.3390/rs12050823.

2019

Endo, S., D. Zhang, A. M. Vogelmann, P. Kollias, K. Lamer, M. Oue, H. Xiao, W. I. Gustafson Jr., and D. M. Romps: Reconciling differences between large-eddy simulations and Doppler-lidar observations of continental shallow cumulus cloud-base vertical velocity. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 11539- 11547. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL084893 (2019).

Jia, H., X. Ma, and Y. Liu, 2019: Exploring aerosol cloud interaction using VOCALS-REx aircraft measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 7955-7971. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-7955-2019

Jia, H., Ma, X., Yu, F., Liu, Y., & Yin, Y.(2019). Distinct impacts of increased aerosols on cloud droplet number concentration of stratus/stratocumulus and cumulus. Geophysical Research Letters,46. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085081

Jia, X., J. Quan, Z. Zheng, X. Liu, Q. Liu, H. He, Y. Liu, 2019: Impacts of anthropogenic aerosols on fog in North China Plain. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 124. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029437

Jia, X., Y. Liu, D. Ding, X. Ma, Y. Chen, K, Bi, J. Quan. 2019: Combining Disdrometer, Microscopic Photography, and Cloud Radar to Study Distributions of Hydrometeor Types, Size and Fall Velocity. Atmospheric Research 228 (2019) 176-185, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.05.025

Lee, D. Y., Petersen, M. R., and Lin, W.  The Southern Annular Mode and Southern Ocean Surface Westerly Winds in E3SM.  Earth and Space Science 6, 2624-2643, doi:10.1029/2019EA000663 (2019).  [BNL-213534-2020-JAAM]

Liu, Q., Quan, J., X. Jia, Z. Sun, X. Li, Y. Gao, Y. Liu, 2019: Vertical Profiles of Aerosol Composition over Beijing, China: Analysis of In Situ Aircraft Measurements. J. Atmos. Sci. 76, 231-245. DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-18-0157.1

Liu, Y. 2019: Introduction to Special Section on Fast Physics in Climate Models: Parameterization, Evaluation and Observation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 8631-8644. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD030422

Wang, Y., S. Niu, C. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Chen, W. Yang, 2019:  An observational study on cloud spectral width in North China. Atmosphere, Atmosphere, 10, doi:10.3390/atmos10030109.

2018

Angevine, W. M., J. Olson, J. Kenyon, W.I. Gustafson, S. Endo, K. Suselj, and D.D. Turner: Shallow Cumulus in WRF Parameterizations Evaluated against LASSO Large-Eddy Simulations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 4303-4322, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-18-0115.1 (2018).

Chen, J., Y. Liu, M. Zhang, and Y. Peng, 2018: Height Dependency of Aerosol-Cloud Interaction Regimes. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 123, https:// doi:10.1002/2017JD027431.

Gao, Z., Y. Liu, X. Lin, and C. Lu, 2018: A New Particle-Resolved Direct Numerical Simulation Model for Studying Turbulent Entrainment-Mixing Processes. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 123. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027507.

Liu, Q., X. Jia, J. Quan, J. Li, J. Li, Y. Wu, D. Chen, Z. Wang, and Y. Liu, 2018: New positive feedback mechanism between boundary layer meteorology and secondary aerosol formation during severe haze events. Scientific Reports, 8:6095 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-24366-3

Liu, W., Y. Han, J. Lia, X. Tian, and Y. Liu: Factors affecting relative humidity and its relationship with the long-term variation of fog-haze events in the Yangtze River Delta. Atmospheric Environment 193 (2018) 242–250, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.09.015.

Lu, C., C. Sun, Y. Liu et al., 2018. Observational relationship between entrainment rate and environmental relative humidity and implications for convection parameterization. Geophys. Res. Lett. 45. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080264

Lu, C., Y. Liu, et al., 2018: Which Microphysical Time Scales to Use in Studies of Entrainment-Mixing Mechanisms in Clouds? J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 123, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027985

Wang, Y., and J. M. Vogel, Y. Lin, R. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Dong, and J. H. Jiang, 2018: Aerosol Microphysical and Radiative Effects on Continental Clouds and Their Dependency on Cloud Type. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 35, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-017-7091-5.

Xie, X., X. Liu, H. Che, X. Xie, H. Wang, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Liu, 2018: Modeling East Asian dust and its radiative feedbacks in CAM4-BAM. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027343.

Xie, X., X. Liu, H. Che, X. Xie, X. Li, Z. Shi, H. Wang, T. Zhao, and Y. Liu 2018: Radiative feedbacks of dust-in-snow over East Asia in CAM4-BAM. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 12683–12698, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-12683-2018

Xie, X.., H. Zhang, X.. Liu, Y. Peng, and Y. Liu, 2018: Role of microphysical parameterizations with droplet relative dispersion in IAP AGCM 4.1. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 35(2), 248–259, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-017-7083-5.

Zhao,, X., Y. Liu, F. Yu, and A. K. Heidinger, 2018: Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for the Liquid Clouds over the Global Oceans. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 123, https://DOI: 10.1002/2017JD027187.

2017

Guo, X., C. Lu, T. Zhao, •G. Zhang, and Y. Liu, 2017: Observational study of the relationship between entrainment rate and relative dispersion in deep convections. Atmos. Res, 199, 186-192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.09.013.

Liu, G., Y. Liu, and S. Endo, 2017: Corrigendum to Evaluation of Surface Flux Parameterizations with Long-Term ARM Observations. Mon. Wea. Rev. 145, 405-409.

Lu, C., Y. Liu, S. Niu, and Y. Xue, 2017, Broadening of cloud droplet size distributions and warm rain initiation associated with turbulence: an overview. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 2017 https://doi.org/10.1080/16742834.2018.1410057

Quan, J., Y. Liu, Q. Liu, X. Jia, X. Li, Y. Gao, D. Ding, J. Li, and Z. Wang, 2017. Anthropogenic pollution elevates the peak height of new particle formation from planetary boundary layer to lower free troposphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074553.

Wu, P., X. Dong, B. Xi, Y. Liu, M. Thieman, and P. Minnis, 2017: Effects of Environment Forcing on Marine Boundary Layer Cloud-Drizzle Processes. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 122, doi:10.1002/2016/JD026326.

Xie, X., H. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Peng, and Y. Liu, 2017: Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects.  Atmos. Chem. Phys, 17, 5877-5892, www.atmos-chem-phys.net/17/5877/2017/doi:10.15194/acp-17-5877-2017.

Yeom, J., S. Yum, Y. Liu, and C. Lu, 2017:  A study on the entrainment and mixing process in the continental stratocumulus clouds measured during the RACORO campaign. Atmos. Res. 194, 89-99. Dx.doi/org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.04.028.

2016

Blossey, P. N., Bretherton, C. S., Cheng, A., Endo, S., Heus, T., Lock, A. P., and van der Dussen, J. J. CGILS Phase 2 LES intercomparison of response of subtropical marine low cloud regimes to CO2 quadrupling and a CMIP3 composite forcing change. J. Adv. Modeling Earth Sys. 8, 1714-1726, doi:10.1002/2016MS000765 (2016).

Chen, J., Liu, Y., Zhang, M., and Peng, Y. New understanding and quantification of the regime dependence of aerosol-cloud interaction for studying aerosol indirect effects. Geophys. Res. Lettrs 43, 1780-1787, doi:10.1002/2016GL067683 (2016). [BNL-111944-2016-JA]

Li, Z., Cheng, X., Gustafson Jr, W. I., and Vogelmann, A. M. Spectral Characteristics of Background Error Covariance and Multiscale Data Assimilation. Internat. J. Numerical Methods in Fluids, accepted, doi:10.1002/fld.4253 (2016). [BNL-112323-2016-JA]

Lin.Y., Y. Wang, B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Liu, R. Zhang, 2016: Distinct impacts of aerosols on an evolving continental cloud complex during the RACORO field campaign. J. Atmos. Sci. 73, 3681-3700, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-15-0361.1

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Zhang, G. J., Wu, X., Endo, S., Cao, L., Li, Y., and Guo, X. Improving Parameterization of Entrainment Rate for Shallow Convection with Aircraft Measurements and Large Eddy Simulation. J. Atmos. Sci. 73, 761-773, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0050.1 (2016). [BNL-111645-2015-JA]

Oue, M., P. Kollias, K. North, A. Tatarevic, S. Endo, A. Vogelmann, W. Gustafson: Estimation of cloud fraction profile in shallow convection using a scanning cloud radar, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 10,998-11,006, doi:10.1002/2016GL070776, 2016.

Xie, X., Wang, H., Liu, X., Li, J., Wang, Z., and Liu, Y. Distinct effects of anthropogenic aerosols on the East Asian summer monsoon between multi-decadal strong and weak monsoon stages. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., accepted, doi:10.1002/2015JD024228 (2016). [BNL-112324-2016-JA]

2015

Bi, X., Gao, Z., Liu, Y., Liu, F., Song, Q., Huang, J., Huang, H., Mao, W., and Liu, C. Observed drag coefficients in high winds in the near offshore of the South China Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 6444-6459, doi:10.1002/2015JD023172 (2015).  [BNL-108210-2015-JA]

Cheng, M., Lu, C., and Liu, Y. Variation in entrainment rate and relationship with cloud microphysical properties on the scale of 5 m. Science Bull. 60, 707-717, doi:10.1007/s11434-015-0737-8 (2015). [BNL-107959-2015-JA]

Endo, S., Fridlind, A. M., Lin, W., Vogelmann, A. M., Toto, T., Ackerman, A. S., McFarquhar, G. M., Jackson, R. C., Jonsson, H. H., and Liu, Y. RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. Part II: Large-eddy simulations of cumulus clouds and evaluation with in-situ and ground-based observations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., accepted, doi:10.1002/2014JD022525 (2015). [BNL-108008-2015-JA]

Feng, S., Li, Z., Liu, Y., Lin, W., Zhang, M., Toto, T., Vogelmann, A. M., and Endo, S. Development of fine-resolution analyses and expanded large-scale forcing properties: 2. Scale awareness and application to single-column model experiments. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, accepted, doi:10.1002/2014JD022254 (2015). [BNL-107505-2015-JA]

Li, Z., Feng, S., Liu, Y., Lin, W., Zhang, M., Toto, T., Vogelmann, A. M., and Endo, S. Development of fine-resolution analyses and expanded large-scale forcing properties: 1. Methodology and evaluation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, accepted, doi:10.1002/2014JD022245 (2015). [BNL-107504-2015-JA]

Mechem, D. B., Giangrande, S. E., Wittman, C. S., Borque, P., Toto, T., and Kollias, P. Insights from modeling and observational evaluation of a precipitating continental cumulus event observed during the MC3E field campaign. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 1980-1995, doi:10.1002/2014JD022255 (2015). [BNL-108017-2015-JA]

Vogelmann, A. M., Fridlind, A. M., Toto, T., Endo, S., Lin, W., Wang, J., Feng, S., Zhang, Y., Turner, D. D., Liu, Y., Li, Z., Xie, S., Ackerman, A. S., Zhang, M., and Khairoutdinov, M. RACORO Continental Boundary Layer Cloud Investigations. Part I: Case Study Development and Ensemble Large-Scale Forcings. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, accepted, doi:10.1002/2014JD022713 (2015). [BNL-107839-2015-JA]

Xiao, H., Endo, S., Wong, M., Skamarock, W. C., Klemp, J. B., Fast, J. D., Gustafson, W. I., Vogelmann, A. M., Wang, H., Liu, Y., and Lin, W. Modifications to WRF's dynamical core to improve the treatment of moisture for large-eddy simulations. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 7, doi:10.1002/2015MS000532 (2015). [BNL-111604-2015-JA]

2014

Collow, T. W., Robock, A., and Wu, W. Influences of soil moisture and vegetation on convective precipitation forecasts over the United States Great Plains. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 9338-9358, doi:10.1002/2014JD021454 (2014). [BNL-105961-2014-JA]

Fast, J. D., Allan, J., Bahreini, R., Craven, J., Emmons, L., Ferrare, R., Hayes, P. L., Hodzic, A., Holloway, J., Hostetler, C., Jimenez, J. L., Jonsson, H., Liu, S., Liu, Y., Metcalf, A., Middlebrook, A., Nowak, J., Pekour, M., Perring, A., Russell, L., Sedlacek, A., Seinfeld, J., Setyan, A., Shilling, J., Shrivastava, M., Springston, S., Song, C., Subramanian, R., Taylor, J. W., Vinoj, V., Yang, Q., Zaveri, R. A., and Zhang, Q. Modeling regional aerosol and aerosol precursor variability over California and its sensitivity to emissions and long-range transport during the 2010 CalNex and CARES campaigns. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14, 10013-10060, doi:10.5194/acp-14-10013-2014 (2014). [BNL-106292-2014-JA]

Galletti, M., Huang, D., and Kollias, P. Zenith/Nadir Pointing mm-Wave Radars: Linear or Circular Polarization? IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 52, 628-639, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2243155 (2014). [BNL-104274-2014-JA]

Huang, D., Campos, E., and Liu, Y. Statistical characteristics of cloud variability. Part 1: Retrieved cloud liquid water path at three ARM sites. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 10,813–10,828, doi:10.1002/2014JD022001 (2014). [BNL-107324-2015-JA]

Huang, D. and Liu, Y. Statistical characteristics of cloud variability. Part 2: Implication for parameterizations of microphysical and radiative transfer processes in climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 10,829-10,843, doi:10.1002/2014JD022003 (2014). [BNL-107325-2015-JA]

Huang, D. and Liu, Y. A novel approach for introducing cloud spatial structure into cloud radiative transfer parameterizations. Environ. Res. Lett. 9, 124022 (2014). [BNL-107327-2015-JA]

Jensen, M. P., Toto, T., Troyan, D., Ciesielski, P. E., Holdridge, D., Kyrouac, J., and Schatz, J. The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) sounding network: operations, processing and analysis. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 7, 9275-9315 (2014). [BNL-106085-2014-JA]

Liu, Y., Daum, P. H., and Lu, C. Comment on “Cloud droplet spectral width relationship to CCN spectra and vertical velocity” by Hudson et al. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118, 1874-1877, doi:10.1002/2012JD019207 (2014). [BNL-104279-2014-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., and Niu, S. Entrainment mixing parameterization in shallow cumuli and effects of secondary mixing events. Chinese Sci. Bull. 59, 896-903, doi:10.1007/s11434-013-0097-1 (2014). [BNL-104277-2014-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., and Endo, S. Scale dependence of entrainment-mixing mechanisms in cumulus clouds. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 1-14, doi:10.1002/2014JD022265 (2014). [BNL-107195-2014-JA]

Song, H., Lin, W., Lin, Y., Wolf, A. B., Donner, L. J., Del Genio, A. D., Neggers, R., Endo, S., and Liu, Y. Evaluation of Precipitation Simulated by Seven SCMs against the ARM Observations at the SGP Site. J. Climate 27, 6698-6719, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00555.1 (2014). [BNL-107094-2014-JA]

Wu, W., Liu, Y., Jensen, M. P., Toto, T., Foster, M. J., and Long, C. N. A comparison of multiscale variations of decade-long cloud fractions from six different platforms over the Southern Great Plains in the United States. J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3438-3459, doi:10.1002/2013JD019813 (2014). [BNL-104271-2014-JA]

Xie, Y., Liu, Y., Long, C. N., and Min, Q. Retrievals of cloud fraction and cloud albedo from surface-based shortwave radiation measurements: A comparison of 16 year measurements. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 8925-8940, doi:10.1002/2014JD021705 (2014). [BNL-106199-2014-JA]

2013

Blossey, P. N., Bretherton, C. S., Zhang, M., Cheng, A., Endo, S., Heus, T., Liu, Y., Lock, A. P., deRoode, S. R., and Xu, K.-M. Marine low cloud sensitivity to an idealized climate change: The CGILS LES intercomparison. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 5, 1-25, doi:10.1002/jame.20025 (2013). [BNL-101157-2013-JA]

de Boer, G., Bauer, S. E., Toto, T., Menon, S., and Vogelmann, A. M. Evaluation of aerosol-cloud interaction in the GISS ModelE using ARM observations. J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos. 118, 1-13, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50460 (2013). [BNL-101137-2013-JA]

He, J., Zhang, M., Lin, W., Colle, B., Liu, P., and Vogelmann, A. M. The WRF nested within the CESM: Simulations of a midlatitude cyclone over the Southern Great Plains. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 5, 1-12, doi:10.1002/JAME.20042 (2013). [BNL-102437-2013-JA]

Li, Z., Zang, Z., Li, Q. B., Chao, Y., Chen, D., Ye, Z., Liu, Y., and Liou, K. N. A three-dimensional variational data assimilation system for multiple aerosol species with WRF/Chem and an application to PM2.5 prediction. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 4265-4278, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4265-2013 (2013). [BNL-101155-2013-JA]

Liu, G., Liu, Y., and Endo, S. Evaluation of Surface Flux Parameterizations with Long-Term ARM Observations. Mon. Weather Rev. 141, 773-797, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00095.1 (2013). [BNL-96478-2013-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., and Niu, S. A method for distinguishing and linking turbulent entrainment mixing and collision-coalescence in stratocumulus clouds. Chinese Sci. Bull. 58, 545-551, doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5556-6 (2013). [BNL-98453-2013-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., Krueger, S., and Wagner, T. Exploring parameterization for turbulent entrainment-mixing processes in clouds. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118, 185-194, doi:10.1029/2012JD018464 (2013). [BNL-99827-2013-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., and Zhao, L. Examination of microphysical relationships and corresponding microphysical processes in warm fogs. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 27, 832-848, doi:10.1007/s13351-013-0610-0 (2013). [BNL-96496-2014-JA]

Lu, C., Niu, S., Liu, Y., and Vogelmann, A. M. Empirical relationship between entrainment rate and microphysics in cumulus clouds. Geophys. Res. Lettrs 40, 2333–2338, doi:10.1002/grl.50445 (2013). [BNL-101056-2013-JA]

Song, H., Lin, W., Lin, Y., Wolf, A., Neggers, R., Donner, L. J., Genio, A. D., and Liu, Y. Evaluation of Precipitation Simulated by Seven SCMs against the ARM Observation at the SGP Site. J. Clim. 26, 5467-5492, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00263.1 (2013). [BNL-98067-2013-JA]

Van Weverberg, K., Vogelmann, A. M., Lin, W., Luke, E. P., Cialella, A., Minnis, P., Khaiyer, M., Boer, E. R., and Jensen, M. P. The Role of Cloud Microphysics Parameterization in the Simulation of Mesoscale Convective Systems and Anvil Clouds in the Tropical Western Pacific. J. Atmos. Sci. 70, 1104-1128, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0104.1 (2013). [BNL-97291-2013-JA]

Xie, Y. and Liu, Y. A new approach for simultaneously retrieving cloud albedo and cloud fraction from surface-based shortwave radiation measurements. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 044023, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044023 (2013). [BNL-102519-2013-JA]

Yuan, W., Yu, R., Zhang, M., Lin, W., Li, J., and Fu, Y. Diurnal Cycle of Summer Precipitation over Subtropical East Asia in CAM5. J. Climate 26, 3159-3172, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00119.1 (2013). [BNL-101225-2013-JA]

Zhang, M., Bretherton, C. S., Blossey, P. N., Austin, P. H., Bacmeister, J. T., Bony, S., Brient, F., Cheedela, S. K., Cheng, A., Del Genio, A. D., De Roode, S. R., Endo, S., Franklin, C. N., Golaz, J.-C., Hannay, C., Heus, T., Isotta, F. A., Dufresne, J.-L., Kang, I.-S., Kawai, H., Köhler, M., Larson, V. E., Liu, Y., Lock, A. P., Lohmann, U., Khairoutdinov, M. F., Molod, A. M., Neggers, R. A. J., Rasch, P., Sandu, I., Senkbeil, R., Siebesma, A. P., Siegenthaler-Le Drian, C., Stevens, B., Suarez, M. J., Xu, K.-M., von Salzen, K., Webb, M. J., Wolf, A., and Zhao, M. CGILS: Results from the first phase of an international project to understand the physical mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in single column models. J. Adv. Modeling Earth Sys. 5, 826-842, doi:10.1002/2013MS000246 (2013). [BNL-104276-2014-JA]

2012

Huang, D., Zhao, C., Dunn, M., Dong, X., Mace, G. G., Jensen, M. P., Xie, S., and Liu, Y. An intercomparison of radar-based liquid cloud microphysics retrievals and implications for model evaluation studies. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 1409-1424, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1409-2012 (2012). [BNL-98298-2012-JA]

Li, Z., Zang, Z., Li, Q. B., Chao, Y., Chen, D., Ye, Z., Liu, Y., and Liou, K.-N. A three-dimensional variational data assimilation system for multiple aerosol species with WRF/Chem and an application to PM2.5 prediction. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 13515-13552, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-13515-2012 (2012). [BNL-98971-2012-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., and Vogelmann, A. M. Lateral Entrainment Rate in Shallow Cumuli: Dependence on dry air sources and probability density functions. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L20812, doi:10.1029/2012GL053646 (2012). [BNL-98450-2012-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., and Vogelmann, A. M. Observed Impacts of Vertical Velocity on Cloud Microphysics and Implications for Aerosol Indirect Effects. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L21808, doi:10.1029/2012GL053599 (2012). [BNL-98451-2012-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Yum, S. S., Niu, S., and Endo, S. A New Approach for Estimating Entrainment Rate in Cumulus Clouds. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L04802, doi:10.1029/2011GL050546 (2012). [BNL-96391-2012-JA]

Mülmenstädt, J., Lubin, D., Russell, L. M., and Vogelmann, A. M. Cloud Properties over the North Slope of Alaska: Identifying the Prevailing Meteorological Regimes. J. Climate 25, 8238-8258, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00636.1 (2012). [BNL-99682-2013-JA]

Van Weverberg, K., van Lipzig, N. P. M., Delobbec, L., and Vogelmann, A. M. The role of precipitation size distributions in km-scale NWP simulations of intense precipitation: Evaluation of cloud properties and surface precipitation. Q. J. Royal Meteorol. Soc., online, doi:10.1002/qj.1933 (2012). [BNL-97296-2012-JA]

Van Weverberg, K., Vogelmann, A. M., Morrison, H., and Milbrandt, J. Sensitivity of idealized squall line simulations to the level of complexity used in two two-moment bulk microphysics schemes. Mon. Weather Rev. 140, 1883-1907, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00120.1 (2012). [BNL-95332-2011-JA]

Vogelmann, A. M., McFarquhar, G. M., Ogren, J. A., Turner, D. D., Comstock, J. M., Feingold, G., Long, C. N., Jonsson, H. H., Bucholtz, A., Collins, D. R., Diskin, G. S., Gerber, H., Lawson, R. P., Woods, R. K., Andrews, E., Yang, H.-J., Chiu, J. C., Hartsock, D., Hubbe, J. M., Lo, C., Marshak, A., Monroe, J. W., McFarlane, S. A., Schmid, B., Tomlinson, J. M., and Toto, T. RACORO extended-term, aircraft observations of boundary-layer clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 861-878, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1 (2012). [BNL-96781-2012-JA]

Wu, Q., Zhu, M., Gu, Y., Brown, P., Lu, X., Lin, W., and Liu, Y. A Distributed Workflow Management System with Case Study of Real-life Scientific Applications on Grids. J. Grid Computing 10, 367-393, doi:10.1007/s10723-012-9222-7 (2012). [BNL-98735-2012-JA]

Wu, W., Liu, Y., and Betts, A. K. Observationally-based evaluation of NWP reanalyses in modeling cloud properties over the Southern Great Plains. J. Geophys. Res. 117, D12202, doi:10.1029/2011JD016971 (2012). [BNL-96388-2012-JA]

Yuan, W., Yu, R., Zhang, M., Lin, W., Chen, H., and Li, J. Regimes of Diurnal Variation of Summer Rainfall over Subtropical East Asia. J. Clim. 25, 3307-3320, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00288.1 (2012). [BNL-98146-2012-JA]

Zhao, C., Xie, S., Klein, S. A., Protat, A., Shupe, M. D., McFarlane, S. A., Comstock, J. M., Delanoë, J., Deng, M., Dunn, M., Hogan, R. J., Huang, D., Jensen, M. P., Mace, G. G., McCoy, R., O’Connor, E. J., Turner, D. D., and Wang, Z. Toward understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM ground-based measurements. J. Geophys. Res. 117, D10206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016792 (2012). [BNL-98106-2012-JA]

Zhou, T., Geller, M. A., and Lin, W. An Observational Study on the Latitudes Where Wave Forcing Drives Brewer–Dobson Upwelling. J. Atmos. Sci. 69, 1916-1935, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-0197.1 (2012). [BNL-98290-2012-JA]

2011

Li, Z., Niu, F., Fan, J., Liu, Y., Rosenfeld, D., and Ding, Y. Long-term impacts of aerosols on the vertical development of clouds and precipitation. Nature Geoscience 4, 889-894, doi:10.1038/NGEO1313 (2011). [BNL-91041-2012-JA]

Liu, H., Liu, X., Zhang, M., and Lin, W. A critical evaluation of the upper ocean heat budget in the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis data for the south central equatorial Pacific. Environ. Res. Lett. 6, 034022, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034022 (2011). [BNL-96544-2011-JA]

Liu, X., Xie, S., Boyle, J., Klein, S. A., Shi, X., Wang, Z., Lin, W., Ghan, S. J., Earle, M., Liu, P. S. K., and Zelenyuk, A. Testing cloud microphysics parameterizations in NCAR CAM5 with ISDAC and M-PACE observations. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00T11, doi:10.1029/2011JD015889 (2011). [BNL-96872-2012-JA]

Liu, Y., Wu, W., Jensen, M. P., and Toto, T. Relationship between cloud radiative forcing, cloud fraction and cloud albedo, and new surface-based approach for determining cloud albedo. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 7155-7170 (2011). [BNL-94631-2011-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., and Niu, S. Examination of turbulent entrainment-mixing mechanisms using a combined approach. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D20207, doi:10.1029/2011JD015944 (2011). [BNL-94880-2011-JA]

Lubin, D., and A. M. Vogelmann. The influence of mixed-phase clouds on surface shortwave irradiance during the Arctic spring. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00T05, doi:10.1029/2011JD015761 (2011). [BNL-96898-2012-JA]

Yin, B., Min, Q., Duan, M., Bartholomew, M. J., Vogelmann, A. M., and Turner, D. D. Retrievals of cloud optical depth and effective radius from Thin-Cloud Rotating Shadowband Radiometer measurements. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23208, doi:10.1029/2011JD016192 (2011). [BNL-96897-2012-JA]