General Information

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Satoshi Endo

Scientific Associate II


  • Ph.D., Earth and Environmental Sciences (Meteorology), Nagoya University
  • M.S., Earth and Environmental Sciences (Meteorology), Nagoya University
  • B.S., Physics, Tohoku University


  • American Meteorological Society
  • Meteorological Society of Japan

Areas of Interest

  • Understanding micro-to-meso-scale atmospheric processes and their impact on weather and climate
  • Atmospheric modeling and observations
  • Boundary layer meteorology
  • Cloud physics


  • Scientific Associate II, 2011-present, Postdoctoral Research Associate, 2009-2011, Atmospheric Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Research Assistant, 2006-2009, Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center (HyARC) and the Sun-Earth-Life Interactive Program (SELIS), Nagoya University

Publications (since 2007)

Lu., C., Y. Liu, S. Niu, and S. Endo, Scale dependence of
entrainment-mixing mechanisms in cumulus clouds, J. Geophys. Res. (in

Li, Z., S. Feng, Y. Liu, W. Lin, M. Zhang, T. Toto, and S. Endo,
Fine-resolution analysis and expanded properties of large-scale
forcing. Part I: Methodology and evaluations, J. Geophys. Res. (in

Feng. S., Z. Li , Y. Liu , Wuyin Lin , Minghua Zhang , Tami Toto ,
Andrew Vogelmann, and S. Endo, Development of Fine-Resolution Analyses
and Expanded Large-Scale Forcing Properties. Part II: Scale-Awareness
and Application to Single-Column Model Experiments, J. Geophys. Res.
(in print).

Song, H. W. Lin, Y. Lin, A. B. Wolf, L. J. Donner, A. D. Del Genio, R.
Neggers, S. Endo, and Y. Liu: Evaluation of cloud fraction simulated
by seven SCMs against the ARM observations at the SGP site, J.
Climate, 27, 6698-6719, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00555.1, 2014.

Zhang, M., C. S. Bretherton, P. N. Blossey, P. A. Austin, J. T.
Bacmeister, S. Bony, F. Brient, S. K. Cheedela, A. Cheng, S. R. De
Roode, A. D. Del Genio, S. Endo, C. N. Franklin, J.-C. Golaz, C.
Hannay, T. Heus, F. A. Isotta, D. Jean-Louis, I.-S. Kang, H. Kawai, M.
F. Khairoutdinov, M. Koehler, S. Kumar, V. E. Larson, Y. Liu, A. Lock,
U. Lohman, A. M. Molod, R. A. J. Neggers, P. Rasch, I. Sandu, R.
Senkbeil, A. P. Siebesma, C. S.-Le Drian, B. Stevens, M. J. Suarez,
K.-M. Xu, K. von Salzen, M. J. Webb, A. Wolf, M. Zhao, CGILS: First
results from an international project to understand the physical
mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in general circulation models, J.
Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5, 826-842, doi:10.1002/2013MS000246, 2013.

Blossey, P. N., C. S. Bretherton, M. Zhang, A. Cheng, S. Endo, T.
Heus, Y. Liu, A. Lock, S. R. de Roode, K.-M Xu, Marine low cloud
sensitivity to an idealized climate change: The CGILS LES
intercomparison, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5:2, 234-258, 2013.

Liu, G., Y. Liu, and S. Endo, Evaluation of surface flux
parameterizations with long-term ARM observations, Mon. Weather Rev.,
773-797, 2013.

Lu, C., Y. Liu, S. S. Yum, S. Niu, and S. Endo: A new approach for
estimating entrainment rate in cumulus clouds, Geophys. Res. Lett.,
39, L04802, 2012.

Shinoda, T., H. Yamada, S. Endo, H. Tanaka and H. Uyeda: Review of a
research progress on the boundary layer and precipitation
system on the eastern part of mainland China
-10 years since the GAME/HUBEX IOP-, Tenki (Japanese), 56, 971-981, 2009.

Shinoda, T., A. Higuchi, K. Tsuboki, T. Hiyama, H. Tanaka, S. Endo, H.
Minda, H. Uyeda and K. Nakamura: Structure of convective circulation
in the atmospheric boundary layer over the Pacific Ocean under the
subtropical high, J. Met. Soc. Japan, 87, 979-996, 2009.

Endo, S., T. Shinoda, H. Tanaka, T. Hiyama, K. Tsuboki, H. Uyeda and
K. Nakamura: Characteristics of vertical circulation in the convective
boundary layer over the Huaihe River basin in China in the early
summer of 2004, J. Applied Meteorol. Climatol, 47, 2911-2928, 2008.

Tanaka, H., T. Hiyama, K. Yamamoto, H. Fujinami, T. Shinoda, A.
Higuchi, S. Endo, S. Ikeda, W. Li, and K. Nakamura: Surface flux and
atmospheric boundary layer observations from the LAPS project over the
middle stream of the Huaihe River basin in China, Hydrological
Processes, 21, 1997-2008, 2007.