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Michael P. Jensen


Dr. Jensen’s research focuses on a combination of observational and modeling studies to better understand the lifecycle of cloud systems and the role they play in the Earth’s energy balance. He has been actively involved with the Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Facility and the Atmospheric System Research Program since 1996 working on research projects studying the radiative impacts of deep convective clouds in the tropics, defining the characteristics of marine boundary layer clouds and the retrieval of cloud microphysical properties from remote sensing observations. He was the principal investigator for the Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) in 2011 and will serve in the same role for the TRacking Aerosol Convection interactions Experiment (TRACER) in 2021. Recent research activities have also aimed at using radar observations and high-resolution weather modeling towards the prediction of utility outages.


  • State University of New York at Stony Brook, B. S. Atmospheric Sciences
  • The Pennsylvania State University, M. S., Meteorology
  • The Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D, Meteorology


  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Geophysical Union

Areas of Interest

  • Convective cloud systems
  • Marine boundary layer cloud systems
  • Cloud microphysical properties
  • Clouds role in the Earth’s energy balance


  • Meteorologist, Biological, Environmental & Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Oct. 2009-present
  • Associate Meteorologist, Environmental & Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Oct. 2006-Sep. 2009
  • Assistant Meteorologist, Environmental & Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, May 2004-Sep. 2006
  • Guest Scientist, Environmental & Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Jul. 2003-April 2004
  • Associate Research Scientist, Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, Mar. 2002-Dec. 2004
  • Postdoctoral Research Scientist, Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, Dec. 1999-Feb. 2002

External Service

  • Principal Investigator, Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) (2011)
  • Lecturer, State University of New York at Stony Brook (2010, 2017)
  • Lead ARM Infrastructure Translator (2009-2016)
  • ARM Cloud Lifecycle Working Group Translator (2005-2016)

Selected Publications (since 2008)

Lamraoui, F., Booth, J. F., Naud, C. M., Jensen, M. P., and Johnson, K. L. The interaction between boundary layer and convection schemes in a WRF simulation of post-cold-frontal clouds over the ARM East North Atlantic site. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., accepted (2019).

Zhang, Y., S. Xie, S. Klein, R. Marchand, P. Kollias, E. Clothiaux, W. Lin, K. Johnson, D. Swales, A. Bodas-Salcedo, S. Tang, J. M. Haynes, S. Collis, M. P. Jensen, N. Bharadwaj, J. Hardin and B. Isom, 2018: The ARM Cloud Radar Simulator for Global Climate Models: A New Tool for Bridging Field Data and Climate Models. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 99, 21-26, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0258.1.

Zheng, G., Y. Wang, A. Aiken, F. Gallo, M. P. Jensen, P. Kollias, C. Kuang, E. Luke, S. Springston, J. Uin, R. Wood and J. Wang, 2018: Marine boundary layer aerosol in the Eastern North Atlantic: Seasonal Variation and Key Controlling Processes. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 17615-17635, doi:10.5194/acp-18-17615-2018.

Machado, L. A. T., A. J. P. Cummings, T. Biscaro, S. E. Giangrande, M. A. F.Silva Dias, M. C. Cechini, R. Albrecht, M. O. Andreae, W. F. Araujo, P. Artaxo, S. Bormann, R. Braga, C. Burleyson, C. W. Eicholz, J. Fan, Z. Feng, G. F. Fisch, M. P. Jensen, S. T. Martin, U. Poschl, C. Pohlker, M. L. Pohlker, J.-F. Ribaud, D. Rosenfeld, J. M. B. Saraiva, C. Schumacher, R. Thalman, D. Walter and M. Wendisch, 2017: Overview: Precipitation characteristics and sensitivities to the environmental conditions during GoAmazon 2014/5 and ACRIDICON-CHUVA, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 6461-6482. doi:10.5194/acp-18-6461-2018.

Giangrande, S. E., Z. Feng, M. P. Jensen, J. Comstock, K. L. Johnson, T. Toto, M. Wang, C. Burleyson, F. Mei, L. A. T. Machado, A. Manzi, S. Xie, S. Tang, M. A. F. Silva Dias, R. A. F. de Souza, C. Schumacher, and S. T. Martin, 2017: Cloud Characteristics, Thermodynamic Controls and Radiative Impacts During the Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon2014/5) Experiment. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 17, 14519-14541. doi:10.5194/acp-2017-

Tang, S., Xie, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, M., Schumacher, C., Upton, H., Jensen, M. P., Johnson, K. L., Wang, M., Ahlgrimm, M., Feng, Z., Minnis, P., and Thieman, M. Large-scale vertical velocity, diabatic heating and drying profiles associated with seasonal and diurnal variations of convective systems observed in the GoAmazon2014/5 experiment. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 14249-14264, doi:10.5194/acp-16-14249-2016 (2016).

Wood, R., Jensen, M. P., Wang, J., Bretherton, C. S., Burrows, S. M., Genio, A. D. D., Fridlind, A. M., Ghan, S. J., Ghate, V. P., Kollias, P., Krueger, S. K., McGraw, R. L., Miller, M. A., Painemal, D., Russell, L. M., Yuter, S. E., and Zuidema, P. Planning the next decade of coordinated research to better understand and simulate marine low clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 97, 1699-1702, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0160.1 (2016).

Jensen, M., Petersen, W., Bansemer, A., Bharadwaj, N., Carey, L., Cecil, D., Collis, S., DelGenio, A., Dolan, B., Gerlach, J., Giangrande, S., Heymsfield, A., Heymsfield, G., Kollias, P., Lang, T., Nesbitt, S., Neumann, A., Poellot, M., Rutledge, S., Schwaller, M., Tokay, A., Williams, C., Wolff, D., Xie, S., and Zipser, E. The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 97, 1667-1686, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00228.1 (2016).

Jensen, M. P., Holdridge, D. J., Survo, P., Lehtinen, R., Baxter, S., Toto, T., and Johnson, K. L. Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 at the ARM Southern Great Plains site. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9, 3115-3129, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3115-2016 (2016).

Jensen, M. P., T. Toto, D. Troyan, P. Ciesielski, D. Holdridge, J. Kyrouac, J. Schatz, Y. Zhang and S. Xie, 2015: The MC3E Sounding Network: Operations, Processing and Analysis. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 421-434, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1-2015.

Zhao, C., Xie, S., Chen, X., Jensen, M. P., and Dunn, M. Quantifying uncertainties of cloud microphysical property retrievals with a perturbation method. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 5375-5385, doi:10.1002/2013JD021112 (2014).

Wu, W., Liu, Y., Jensen, M. P., Toto, T., Foster, M. J., and Long, C. N. A comparison of multiscale variations of decade-long cloud fractions from six different platforms over the Southern Great Plains in the United States. J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3438-3459, doi:10.1002/2013JD019813 (2014).

Xie, S., Zhang, Y., Giangrande, S. E., Jensen, M. P., McCoy, R., and Zhang, M. Interactions between Cumulus Convection and Its Environment as Revealed by the MC3E Sounding Array. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 11,784-11,808, doi:10.1002/2014JD022011 (2014).

Giangrande, S. E., M. J. Bartholomew, M. Pope, S. M. Collis and M. P. Jensen,  A summary of precipitation characteristics from the 2006-2011 Northern Australian wet seasons as revealed by ARM disdrometer research facilities (Darwin, Australia). J. Appl. Meteor. Climate 53, 1213-1231. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0222.1 (2013).

Long, C. N., McFarlane, S. A., Genio, A. D., Minnis, P., Ackerman, T. P., Mather, J., Comstock, J., Mace, G. G., Jensen, M., and Jakob, C., 2013:   ARM Research In The Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade And Counting. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 94, 695-708, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00137.1.

Tao, W.-K., Wu, D., Matsui, T., Peters-Lidard, C., Lang, S., Hou, A., Rienecker, M., Peterson, W., and Jensen, M., 2013:   Precipitation intensity and variation during MC3E: A numerical modeling study. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118, 1-20, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50410.

Van Weverberg, K., Vogelmann, A. M., Lin, W., Luke, E. P., Cialella, A., Minnis, P., Khaiyer, M., Boer, E. R., and Jensen, M. P., 2013:   The Role of Cloud Microphysics Parameterization in the Simulation of Mesoscale Convective Systems and Anvil Clouds in the Tropical Western Pacific. J. Atmos. Sci. 70, 1104-1128, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0104.1.

Wu, W., Liu, Y., Jensen, M. P., Toto, T., Foster, M. J., and Long, C. N. An Examination of observationally based cloud fraction estimates over the Southern Great Plains from different platforms. Atmospheric System Research 2013 Science Team Meeting, Potomac, MD, March 18-21, 2013.

Huang, D., C. Zhao, M. Dunn, X. Dong, G. G. Mace, M P. Jensen, S. Xie, and Y. Liu,   An intercomparison of radar-based liquid cloud microphysics retrievals and implications for model evaluation studies.  Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 1409-1424 (2012).

Zhao, C., S. Xie, S. A. Klein, R. McCoy, J. Comstock, M. Deng, M. Dunn, R. Hogan, D. Huang, M. P. Jensen, G. G. Mace, S. McFarlane, E. O’Connor, A. Protat, M. Shupe, D. D. Turner, and Z. Wang,  Understanding differences in current ARM ground-based cloud retrievals. J. Geophys. Res. 117, D10206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016792 (2012).

Liu, Y., W. Wu, M. P. Jensen and T. Toto,  Relationship between cloud radiative forcing, cloud fraction and cloud albedo, and new surface-based approach for measuring cloud albedo. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 7155-7170, doi:10.5194/acp-11-7155-2011 (2011).

Xie, S., McCoy, R. B., Klein, S. A., Cederwall, R. T., Wiscombe, W. J., Clothiaux, E. E., Gaustad, K. L., Golaz, J.-C., Hall, S., Jensen, M. P., Johnson, K. L., Lin, Y., Long, C. N., Mather, J. H., McCord, R. A., McFarlane, S. A., Palanisamy, G., Shi, Y., and Turner, D. D. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Data. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 91, 13-20, doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2891.1 (2010).

Zhang, G. J., A. M. Vogelmann, M. P. Jensen, W. D. Collins, E. P. Luke,  Relating satellite observed cloud properties from MODIS to meteorological conditions for marine stratus clouds. J. Clim. 23, 1374-1391 (2010).

Kollias, P., M. A. Miller, K. L. Johnson, M. P. Jensen and D. Troyan,  Cloud, thermodynamic and precipitation observations in West Africa during 2006. J. Geophys. Res. 114, D00E08, doi:10.1029/2008JD010641 (2009).

Jensen, M. P., A. M. Vogelmann, W. D. Collins, G. J. Zhang, and E. Luke,  Investigations of regional and seasonal variations in marine boundary layer cloud properties from MODIS observations. J. Clim. 21(19), 4955-4973 (2008).