Executive Orders 13514 & 13423 and Associated Documents
Executive Order (EO) 13514
EO 13514 (PDF),
"Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic
Performance," was signed by President Obama on October 5, 2009.
This EO does not rescind/eliminate the requirements of
EO 13423 (PDF).
Instead, it expands on the energy reduction and environmental performance
requirements for Federal agencies identified in EO 13423.
The goal of EO 13514 is "to establish an integrated strategy
towards sustainability in the Federal Government and to make reduction
of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) a priority for Federal agencies."
In addition to guidance, recommendations, and plans which are due
by specific dates, EO 13514 lays out the following numerical targets
- Reduce petroleum consumption by 2% per year
through FY2020 (applies to agencies with fleets
of more than 20 vehicles) (Baseline FY2005).
- Potable water intensity by 2% per year through
FY2020 (26% total reduction) (Baseline FY2007).
- Industrial, landscaping, and agricultural
water intensity by 2% per year through FY2020
(20% total reduction) (Baseline FY2010).
- Achieve 50% or higher diversion rate in
non-hazardous solid waste by FY2015.
- Ensure at least 15% of existing buildings and
leases (>5,000 gross sq ft) meet the Guiding
Principles by FY2015, with continued progress towards
- Ensure 95% of all new contracts, including
non-exempt contract modifications, require products
and services that are energy-efficient, water-efficient,
bio-based, environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting,
contain recycled-content, and are non-toxic or
This EO also sets non-numerical targets that agencies
must reach, including:
- Increase renewable energy and renewable energy
generation on agency property.
- Pursue opportunities with vendors and contractors to
reduce GHG emissions (i.e., transportation options and
supply chain activities).
- Reduce building energy intensity.
- Ensure all new Federal buildings that enter the
planning process in 2020 and thereafter are designed to
achieve zero-net-energy standards by 2030.
- Use low GHG emitting vehicles, including AFVs, and
optimize the number of vehicles in agency fleets.
- Implement water management strategies including
water-efficient and low-flow fixtures.
- Implement source reduction to minimize waste and
- Decrease use of chemicals directly associated with
- Participate in transportation planning and recognize
existing infrastructure in regions/communities.
- Ensure procurement preference for EPEAT-registered
Beyond targets, EO 13514 calls for specific management
strategies to improve sustainability including:
- Develop and implement innovative, agency-specific policies
and practices to reduce scope 3 GHG emissions in agency operations.
- Manage existing buildings to reduce energy, water, and
- Implement and achieve objectives in EPA's Stormwater
Management Guidance (§14).
- Reduce paper use and acquire paper containing at
least 30% postconsumer fiber.
- Minimize the acquisition, use, and disposal of toxic
and hazardous materials.
- Employ environmentally sound practices for the
disposition of all agency excess or surplus electronic
- Procure Energy Star and FEMP-designated electronic
- Continue implementation of existing EMS programs.
Executive Order (EO) 13423
Executive Order 13423,
“Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and
Transportation Management,” was signed by President Bush on January 24,
2007. EO 13423 instructs Federal agencies to conduct their environmental,
transportation, and energy-related activities under the law in support of
their respective missions in an environmentally, economically and
fiscally sound, integrated, continuously improving, efficient, and
sustainable manner. The Order sets goals in the following areas:
- Energy efficiency
- Renewable energy
- Toxic chemical reduction
- Sustainable buildings
- Electronics stewardship
- Water conservation
EO 13423 rescinds several previous EOs, including EO 13101,
EO 13123, EO 13134, EO 13148, and EO 13149. In addition, the
order requires more widespread use of Environmental Management
Systems (EMS) as the framework in which to manage and
continually improve these sustainable practices.
EO 13423 Guidance Document
On March 29, 2007 the following Guidance Document was released:
Implementing Executive Order 13423 (PDF).