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Fall Protection

This program area contains information and guidance for the safety of all BNL staff, contractors, visitors, and guests on-site and off-site who work on elevated surfaces, aerial lifts and scaffolds, or are exposed to fall hazards in excess of four feet.

There are many Laboratory operations that require staff to work at height. Unless the work is being performed under the rules and requirements of the Occupational Safety & Health Administrations (OSHA) Construction Safety standard (29CFR1926), working at height is defined as four (4) feet (construction is 6 feet). Fall protection requirements at BNL generally fall into the following SBMS Subject Areas:

  • Aerial Lifts,
  • Fall Protection,
  • Walking and Working Surfaces.

Information and guidance on ladders and stairs design, inspection and use can be found on the Ladders and Stairs Program Area.

Fall Protection

OSHA 1910.23 specifies requirements for fall protection with respect to floor and wall openings, open-sided walking surfaces and stairs.  The following checklists are provided as an aid to determine compliance with OSHA requirements:

  • Floor Openings,
  • Wall Openings,
  • Open-sided floors, platforms, and runways;
  • Stairs
  • Specifications for Railing, Toe boards & Covers

OSHA Standard Interpretations for Aerial Lift Fall Protection

Fall protection is essential for the safe operation of aerial lifts.  The Occupational Safety & Health Administrations (OSHA) has provided a number of Standard Interpretations to clarify fall protection requirements. OSHA Standard Interpretations dated 08/14/2000 - "Fall protection for various lift-devices; restraint, positioning, fall arrest and rescue requirements; maintenance vs. construction examples" provides general guidance for OSHA rules.

Since Aerial lifts extend from ground level, fall arrest systems may not provide adequate fall protection if there is insufficient free fall distance (typically 18½-ft). OSHA Standard Interpretations dated 01/14/2009 - "Whether a manufacturer-stipulated minimum anchor point elevation of 18½ feet precludes the use of a shock absorbing lanyard in an aerial lift" and 02/18/1999 - "Anchoring of fall arrest system to aerial lifts; fall arrest vs. restraint systems" provide specific requirements for fall protection using Aerial Lifts.

OSHA Standard Interpretation dated 07/21/1998 - "Aerial lift regulations; fall protection for scissor lifts." states that scissor Lifts that are designed to ANSI 92.6, have a guard rail system that provides minimum fall protection and no additional fall protection is required.

OSHA standards do not prohibit employees from exiting or entering an aerial lift basket that rests on or adjacent to an elevated surface. However, if fall protection is required (fall distances of either 4 or 6-feet), on the working surface, then the worker must be protected by approved fall protection devices (guardrails/travel restraint/fall arrestment gear). During entry to and egress from the lift, a worker may tie-off to the manufacturer’s designated anchor point and an approved anchor from the nearby structure (working surface). Specific requirements can be found in the OSHA Standard Interpretations dated 05/03/2001 - "Use of aerial lifts to transport workers to elevated workstations; scissor lifts are not covered by the aerial lift provisions."

Safety Concerns when Moving or Operating Aerial Lifts

The Vehicle Safety page (under the Construction Safety Program Area) provides information and guidance on the issues such as blind spots, accident prevention, site planning and the use of spotters, signalers when involved with moving and backing of typical construction vehicles and aerial lifts.

Operator Aids for Aerial Lift Pre-Use Inspection

The operator aids listed in the table below are to be used as check lists when performing the required daily/shift pre-use inspection of aerial lift equipment in conjunction with the manufactures operation manual. If no deficiencies are found during the pre-use inspection, sign and date the Pre-Use Inspection Record Tag and ensure the tag is accessible for the shift the inspection was performed for. If deficiencies are found, take the equipment out of service by applying a “Yellow” caution tag and notify your supervisor or equipment owner.

Manufacturer Model Pre-Use Inspection Check List
Genie 1WP-25 ANSI A92.3-001 (pdf)
Genie AWP-20 ANSI A92.3-001 (pdf)
Genie AWP-30 ANSI A92.3-001 (pdf)
JLG AM-24 ANSI A92.3-001 (pdf)
JLG AM-25 ANSI A92.3-001 (pdf)
Genie 40/23 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
Genie S-45 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
Genie S-60 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
Genie Z-20 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
Genie Z-45 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
JLG N40 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
JLG E300 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
JLG E600 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
JLG 800AJ ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
JLG 800SJ ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
JLG 800AJ ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
Grove A125 ANSI A92.5-001 (pdf)
Genie GS-1930 ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
Genie GS-2632 ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
Genie GS-5390 ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
JLG 1932ES ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
JLG 2030ES ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
JLG 2630ES ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
JLG 3246ES ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
JLG 33-RTS ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
Mayville Eng 2033 ANSI A92.6-001 (pdf)
Genie GR20 ANSI A92.6-002 (pdf)
JLG 20DLV ANSI A92.6-002 (pdf)
JLG 20MVL ANSI A92.6-002 (pdf)
MEC 24D ANSI A92.6-002 (pdf)
Upright MX19 ANSI A92.6-002 (pdf)

If the aerial lift is not listed, contact the either the Aerial Lift SME or the BNL Hoisting & Rigging Inspector.