Multi-layer Protection Analysis

for Photovoltaic Manufacturing Facilities

Vasilis M. Fthenakis

Environmental Research & Technology Division
Environmental Sciences Department
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY


This paper gives an overview of environmental health and safety (EHS) issues related to photovoltaic (PV) technologies, and strategies for reducing EHS risks.  These strategies include layers of prevention and mitigation in six sequential steps.  The options for prevention are related to safer technologies, processes, and materials, safer use of materials, preventing accident-initiating events, preventing or minimizing releases, and preventing human exposures.  The mitigation options include secondary confinement, emergency scrubbers, and adsorption units.  As the PV industry approaches these issues and mitigation strategies in a vigilant, systematic way, the risk to the industry, the workers, and the public will become minimal.


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Last Modified: June 18, 2008
Please forward all questions about this site to: Vasilis Fthenakis