Chemistry Department Seminar

"Transition Metal Oxide Electrodes for Stationary Sodium-Ion Batteries"

Presented by Prof. Yong-Sheng Hu, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Monday, August 17, 2015, 2:00 pm — Room 300, 3rd Floor, Chemistry Bldg. 555

With the tremendous development of renewable energies such as solar and wind powers, the smooth integration of their energies into the grid, thus improving the grid reliability and utilization, critically needs large-scale energy storage systems with long-life, high efficiency, high safety and low cost. Among the various energy storage technologies, electrochemical approach represents one of the most promising means to store the electricity in large-scale because of the flexibility, high energy conversion efficiency and simple maintenance. Due to the highest energy density among practical rechargeable batteries, lithium-ion batteries have been widely used in the portable electronic devices and would undoubtedly be the best choice for the electric vehicles. However, the rarity and non-uniform distribution of lithium in the Earth's crust may limit their large-scale application in renewable energy. In this regard, room-temperature sodium-ion batteries with lower energy density compared with lithium-ion batteries have been reconsidered particularly for such large-scale applications, where cycle life and cost are more essential factors than energy density owing to the abundant sodium resources (2.75%) and potentially low cost as well as similar "rocking-chair" sodium storage mechanism as lithium. In this presentation, I will present several layer- and tunnel-type transition metal oxide electrodes for room-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries. In the case of layer-type metal oxides, based on our new significant finding of highly electrochemical reversibility of Cu2+/Cu3+ redox couple in Na-containing layered oxides, I will emphasize our recent work on a series of air-stable and Co/Ni-free layered metal oxide cathodes which exhibit superior Na storage performance. The prototype sodium-ion batteries constructed from our developed cathode and anode materials will also be demonstrated. Furthermore, we recently propose a new strategy t

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