Monday, May 9, 2016, 10:00 am — Hamilton Seminar Room, Bldg. 555
One of the major challenges in heterogeneous catalysis is the preparation of highly selective and robust catalysts. The goal is to be able to synthesize solids with stable surfaces containing a large number of specific surface sites designed for the promotion of a particular reaction. New synergies between surface-science studies and novel nanosynthesis methodology promise to afford new ways to design such highly selective catalysts in a controlled way. Here we will provide a progress report on several projects ongoing in our laboratory based on this approach. First, we will offer a general discussion on the unresolved issues associated with olefin- conversion reactions promoted by metal surfaces. In a specific project, platinum-based catalysts were designed for the selective trans-to-cis conversion of olefins based on early surface-science work with model single-crystal surfaces and quantum mechanical calculations that indicated a particular preference for (111) facets in promoting the formation of the cis isomers. A metal- nanoparticle encapsulation procedure was also developed to increase catalyst stability and to prevent sintering. In a second example, new metal@TiO2 yolk-shell nanomaterials were conceived for both regular and photo-induced catalytic applications. These catalysts can promote CO oxidation at cryogenic temperatures, and suggest that in photocatalysis the role of the metal may not be to scavenge the excited electrons produced in the semiconductor upon
absorption of light, as commonly believed, but rather to promote the recombination of the adsorbed atomic hydrogen initially produced by reduction of H+ on the surface of that semiconductor. Additional examples will be briefly introduced, including the use of "click" chemistry to tether molecular functionality on porous solid materials and the use of self-assembly and sol-gel chemistry to prepare catalysts with well-defined structural characteristics.
Hosted by: Sanjaya Senanayake
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