Chemistry Department Seminar
"Learning the nanocatalyst structure "on the fly" using neural networks"
Presented by Dr. Janis Timoshenko, Dept. of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Stony Brook University
Monday, February 12, 2018, 11:00 am — Room 300, Chemistry Bldg. 555
Understanding of atomic structure in metallic nanoparticles (NPs) and its relation to the NPs properties is important for design of novel catalytic materials. In-situ studies are an essential element in such investigations, since the atomic structure of nanosized catalysts can change dramatically in reaction conditions. X-ray absorption spectroscopy is one of a few methods that are useful in this case, due to its sensitivity to the chemical state of absorbing atoms and to the types and arrangements of atoms around the absorber, and its suitability for in-situ and in-operando studies. While EXAFS spectroscopy is widely used in NPs structure studies, much less attention has been paid to the information encoded in X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES). Analysis of XANES data has several advantages. First, XANES is less sensitive to disorder, which affects severely EXAFS quality and complicates EXAFS data interpretation. Secondly, XANES is more sensitive to the 3D geometry of the environment around absorbing atoms. Better signal-to-noise ratio in XANES region of absorption spectra also means that spectra can be collected with better time-resolution, for more diluted samples, on strongly attenuating support materials and/or in complex experimental setups. The main challenge that hinders the usage of XANES for quantitative analysis is the lack of methodology that would allow one to extract structural information from experimental data.
Recent developments in data-enabled discovery methods provide a key to this problem. To correlate XANES features with the descriptors of 3D local structure of metallic NPs, we employed machine learning and ab-initio XANES calculations. Here we demonstrate the potentiality of this method on the example of XANES study of monometallic (Pt, Ag and Cu), as well as bimetallic (PdAu) particles. We use theoretical site-specific XANES spectra, calculated by ab-initio codes for a broad range of structure models, to train an artificial neura
Hosted by: Sanjaya Senanayake
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