Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

""Charge and lattice entanglement in quantum materials observed by TEM: Tb2Cu0.83Pd0.17O4 and Cu2S""

Presented by Wei Wang, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing

Tuesday, April 9, 2019, 3:00 pm — Bldg. 480, Conference Room

Plenty of physical properties in strongly electron correlated system are thought to arise from intricate interplay among charge, spin, orbital and lattice. Understanding the structural origin of these functionalities, such as superconductivity, multiferroics, etc, has attracted tremendous attention for decades. Using electron diffraction technique in TEM, we recently studied the modulated structure in Tb2Cu0.83Pd0.17O4 compound and phase transition in Cu2S. After a brief introduction of TEM techniques that I have employed for the study, I will report observations of electron-beam-induced smectic-nematic phase transitions in Tb2Cu0.83Pd0.17O4. Electron diffraction and HAADF-STEM images indicate a superlattice structure with Cu/Pd displacements perpendicular to the Cu-O plane on Cu sites. In addition, the superlattice modulation undergoes a reversible smectic-nematic phase transition under the electron beam illumination. Our in situ TEM results imply that the modulated structure root in a charge ordering at Cu sites. Then I will switch to an on-going study of the Cu2S at high temperature. Previous reports show that the crystal structural of Cu2S can be manipulated by electron beam illumination, suggesting a strong coupling between charge and lattice. To explore the structural phase transition and to have a better understanding of superionic behavior in this material, we focus on diffuse scattering in the electron diffraction patterns obtained at high temperatures, which results from short range ordering of Cu atoms. Electron diffraction tomographyic data were collected in order to reconstruct the real-space structure for Cu atoms. Preliminary results will be shown followed by a discussion with early-stage interpretations.

Hosted by: Jing Tao

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