Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar
"Tracking phase textures in complex oxides using coherent x-rays"
Presented by Xiaoqian Chen, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Monday, June 17, 2019, 11:00 am — ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)
In complex oxides, coupled interactions result in unpredictable and novel emerging orders that are yet to be understood. With the recent advancement in x-ray and laser sources, exploration of equilibrium fluctuation and nonlinear dynamics have become an effective approach to understand these intertwined orders. In particular, coherent x-rays are a simultaneous probe of the order parameter, phase texture, and dynamics. In the first part of my talk, I will use underdoped cuprate La2-xBaxCuO4 as an example to show how x-ray speckle correlation can be a test for (lattice degree of freedom and charge) order coupling and dynamics. However, can we image domain dynamics in real time? In the second part of my talk, I will use antiferromagnetically ordered artificial lattice to demonstrate that phase retrieval lensless imaging can be used to image charge and magnetic orders. Using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging, we revealed a single domain wall motion with 100ms time resolution. References  X. M. Chen et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 167001 (2016)  V. Thampy et al. Phys. Rev. B 95, 241111 (2017)  X. M. Chen et al. Nat Commun. 10 1435 (2019)  X. M. Chen et al. under review, arXiv:1809.05656 [cond-mat.mes-hall]
Hosted by: Ian Robinson/Mark Dean
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