"More on the string inspired solution to the sign problem and overlapping problem"

Presented by Masanori Hanada, KEK Theory Center

Friday, July 13, 2012, 2:00 pm — Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

The effect of the complex phase of the fermion determinant is a key question related to the sign problem in finite-density QCD. Recently, based on a field-theoretic argument inspired by the string theory, it has been shown that ignoring the complex phase -- the phase quenching -- does not change the expectation values of a class of observables in a certain region of the phase diagram when a number of colors Nc is large. In this talk we briefly explain this equivalence and show that the same equivalence holds in effective models and holographic models. We show, in a unified manner, that the phase quenching gives exact results for a class of fermionic observables (e.g., chiral condensate) in the mean-field approximation and for gauge-invariant gluonic observables (e.g., Polyakov loop) up to one-meson-loop corrections beyond mean field. We also discuss implications for the lattice simulations and confirm good quantitative agreement between our prediction and existing lattice QCD results. Therefore the phase quenching provides rather accurate answer already at Nc=3 with small 1/Nc corrections which can be taken into account by the phase reweighting.