Environmental Sciences Department Seminar

"Particle-Resolved Model Analysis of Black Carbon Aging"

Presented by Laura Fierce, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Wednesday, August 14, 2013, 11:00 am — Conference Room, Bldg 815E

The size and composition of particles containing black carbon (BC) are modified soon after emission by condensation of secondary aerosol and coagulation with other particles, known collectively as "aging" processes. Although this change in particle properties is widely recognized, the timescale for transformation is not well constrained. In this work, we simulated aerosol aging with the particle-resolved model PartMC-MOSAIC and extracted aging timescales based on changes in particle cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activation. We simulated nearly 300 scenarios and, through a regression analysis, identified the key parameters driving the value of the aging timescale. We show that the value of the aging timescale spans from hours to weeks, depending on local environmental conditions and characteristics of the fresh BC-containing particles. Although the simulations presented in this study included many processes and particle interactions, through a regression analysis we show that 80% of the variance in the aging timescale is explained by only a few key parameters. The condensation aging timescale decreased with the flux of condensing aerosol and was shortest for the largest fresh particles, while the coagulation aging timescale decreased with the total number concentration of large (D>100 nm), CCN-active particles and was shortest for the smallest fresh particles. Therefore, both condensation and coagulation play important roles in aging, and their relative impact depends on the particle size range.

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