Electron energy at the exit of rf photoinjector is measured by the following two steps. First, an electron pulse is kicked by a trim coil inside the photoinjector and the electron position at the exit of the photoinjector is observed. Next, the measured position is put into a MAD input file and the electron energy is fitted by MAD. Since the two coils are partially overlapped, the coils are independently divided into tens of slices and each slice is placed reciprocally.
The ATF has a large number of "pop-up" beam profile monitors that are compact, inexpensive exhibiting fast insertion and extraction. The read-out is thru a CCD camera and a frame-grabber. The large number of beam profile monitors, coupled with multiple TV monitors and frame-grabbers at various locations at the ATF requires the use of a computer driven video multiplexer. The video multiplexer is used to assign a pop-up to a monitor or frame-grabber at the time of insertion.
In order to synchronize linac and laser components, all RF signals at ATF are derived from one Master clock in Laser room. For instance, some RF are then sent to YAG system to lock a laser oscillator and some are converted to high power RF in Mezzanine. In addition, RF signals are picked up from RF waveguides and cavities for monitoring them. The picked-up RF are once sent to Mezzanine and then forwarded to each monitor such as oscilloscopes in the control room.
In order to measure longitudinal beam profile is used coherent transition radiation from the electron beam. ATF has interferometer, Golay cell and bolometer to measure the longitudinal profile. Measured longitudinal beam profile for PWFA experiments is shown in following figure.