General Lab Information

Structure and Dynamics of Applied Nanomaterials banner image

Structure and Dynamics of Applied Nanomaterials

From impurity doping to metallic growth in diffusion doping: Ag doped InAs nanocrystals

From Impurity Tuning of the electronic properties of pre-synthesized colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) by doping plays a key role in the prospect of implementing them in printed electronics devices such as transistors, and photodetectors. While such impurity doping reactions have already been introduced, the understanding of the doping process, the nature of interaction between the impurity and host atoms, and the conditions affecting the solubility limit of impurities in nanocrystals are still unclear. Here, we used a post-synthesis diffusion based doping reaction to introduce Ag impurities into InAs NCs. Optical absorption spectroscopy along with analytical inductively coupled plasma mass-spectroscopy (ICP-MS) were used to present a two stage doping model consisting of a "doping region" and a "growth region", depending on the concentration of the impurities in the reaction vessel. X-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS) spectroscopy was employed to determine the impurity location and correlate between the structural and electronic properties for different sizes of InAs NCs and dopant concentrations. The resulting structural model describes a heterogeneous system where the impurities initially dope the NC, through a substitutional mechanism, until the "solubility limit" is reached after which the rapid growth and formation of metallic structures are identified.

Y. Amit, Y. Li, A. I. Frenkel, U. Banin
From impurity doping to metallic growth in diffusion doping: Properties and structure of Ag doped InAs nanocrystals ACS Nano 9, 10790-10800 (2015)