General Lab Information

Enyuan Hu

Chemist, Electrochemical Energy Storage Group, Chemistry Division

Enyuan Hu

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Chemistry Division
Bldg. 555, Room 327
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-7751

Dr. Enyuan Hu is a principal investigator (PI) in the Chemistry Division of BNL. He is the leading PI of two DOE-funded projects and serves as a co-PI on several other DOE-funded projects, including the Battery500 Consortium. He has been recognized as a Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher in both 2022 and 2023, and received the International Battery Material Association (IBA) Early Career Award in 2023. He pioneered the use of synchrotron x-ray total scattering to characterize interphases in lithium batteries and the use of neutron total scattering to study the oxygen redox reaction in battery cathode materials. His research areas include lithium metal, lithium sulfur, sodium-ion, and solid-state batteries. Additionally, Dr. Hu serves as an associate editor for Nano Energy and holds an adjunct professorship in the department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering at Stony Brook University.

Education | Appointments | Publications | Highlights | Awards


Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Stony Brook University, USA, 2009-2015
M.S. Environmental Engineering, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, China, 2005-2008
B.E. Environmental Engineering, Southeast University, China, 2001-2005

Professional Appointments

  • 2023-           Chemist, Chemistry Division
  • 2020-2023  Associate Chemist, Chemistry Division
  • 2018-2020 Assistant Chemist, Chemistry Division 
  • 2015-2018 Research Associate, Chemistry Division

Selected Publications

  • Tan S, Kuai D, Yu Z, Perez-Beltran S, Rahman MM, Xia K, Wang N, Chen Y, Yang X-Q, Xiao J, Liu J, Cui Y, Bao Z, Balbuena P, Hu E (2024) Evolution and Interplay of Lithium Metal Interphase Components Revealed by Experimental and Theoretical Studies. Journal of the American Chemical Society 146:11711–11718.
  • Ren L, Hu Z, Peng C, Zhang L, Wang N, Wang F, Xia Y, Zhang S, Hu E, Luo J (2024) Suppressing metal corrosion through identification of optimal crystallographic plane for Zn batteries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 121:.
  • Wang X, Yin L, Ronne A, Zhang Y, Hu, Z, Tan S, Wang Q, Song B, Li M, Rong X, Lapidus S, Yang S, Hu E, Liu J (2023) Stabilizing lattice oxygen redox in layered sodium transition metal oxide through spin singlet state. Nature Communications 14:.
  • Rahman MM, Ronne A, Wang N, Du Y, Hu E (2024) Spatial Progression of Polysulfide Reactivity with Lithium Nitrate in Li–Sulfur Batteries. ACS Energy Letters 2024–2030.
  • Lu D, Li R, Rahman MM, Yu P, Lv L, Yang S, Huang Y, Sun C, Zhang S, Zhang H, Zhang J, Xiao X, Deng T, Fan L, Chen L, Wang J, Hu E, Wang, CS, Fan X (2024) Ligand-channel-enabled ultrafast Li-ion conduction. Nature 627:101–107.
  • Rahman MM, Hu E (2023) Electron Delocalization Enables Sulfone-based Single-solvent Electrolyte for Lithium Metal Batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition.
  • Rahman MM, Tan S, Yang Y, Zhong H, Ghose S, Waluyo I, Hunt A, Ma L, Yang X-Q, Hu E (2023) An inorganic-rich but LiF-free interphase for fast charging and long cycle life lithium metal batteries. Nature Communications 14:.
  • Tan S, Kim J-M, Corrao A, Ghose S, Zhong H, Rui N, Wang X, Senanayake S, Polzin BJ, Khalifah P, Xiao J, Liu J, Xu, K, Yang, X-Q, Cao X, Hu E (2023) Unravelling the convoluted and dynamic interphasial mechanisms on Li metal anodes. Nature Nanotechnology 18:243–249.
  • Rahman MM, Xia K, Yang X-Q, Ariyoshi K, Hu E (2023) Asymmetric Lithium Extraction and Insertion in High Voltage Spinel at Fast Rate. Nano Letters 23:7135–7142.
  • Tan S, Shadike Z, Li J, Wang X, Yang Y, Lin R, Cresce A, Hu J, Hunt A, Waluyo I, Ma L, Monaco F, Cloetens P, Xiao J, Liu Y, Yang X, Xu K, Hu E (2022) Additive engineering for robust interphases to stabilize high-Ni layered structures at ultra-high voltage of 4.8 V. Nature Energy.
  • Tan S, Rahman MM, Wu Z, Liu H, Wang S, Ghose S, Zhong H, Waluyo I, Hunt A, Liu P, Yang X-Q, Hu, E (2023) Structural and Interphasial Stabilities of Sulfurized Polyacrylonitrile (SPAN) Cathode. ACS Energy Letters 2496–2504.
  • Shadike Z, Lee H, Borodin O, Cao X, Fan X, Wang X, Lin R, Bak S-M, Ghose S, Xu K, Wang C, Liu J, Xiao J, Yang X-Q, Hu E (2021) Identification of LiH and nanocrystalline LiF in the solid–electrolyte interphase of lithium metal anodes. Nature Nanotechnology 16:549–554. doi: 10.1038/s41565-020-00845-5
  • Cui C, Fan X, Zhou X, Chen J, Wang Q, Ma L, Yang C, Hu E, Yang X-Q, Wang C (2020) Structure and Interface Design Enable Stable Li-Rich Cathode. Journal of the American Chemical Society 142:8918–8927. doi: 10.1021/jacs.0c02302
  • Hu E, Yu X, Lin R, Bi X, Bak S, Nam, K-W, Xin HL, Jaye C, Fischer DA, Amine K, Yang X-Q. (2018) Evolution of redox couples in Li- and Mn-rich cathode materials and mitigation of voltage fade by reducing oxygen release. Nature Energy 3:690–698.

Research Highlights

Engineered Battery Chemistry for Fast Charging Capabilities

X-rays Reveal Elusive Chemistry for Better EV Batteries

Electrolyte Additive Offers Lithium Battery Performance Breakthrough

Brookhaven Lab Awarded $8M for Electric Vehicle Battery Research

Chemists Settle Battery Debate, Propel Research Forward

Cause of Cathode Degradation Identified for Nickel-rich Materials

Tripling the Energy Storage of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Awards & Recognition

Top10 Discoveries and Scientific Achievements at Brookhaven National Laboratory 2017, 2018, 2021

Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher 2022, 2023

ESRF Scientific Highlight  2022

IBA Early Career Award 2023

Enyuan Hu

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Chemistry Division
Bldg. 555, Room 327
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-7751

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