General Lab Information

Enyuan Hu

Chemist, Electrochemical Energy Storage Group, Chemistry Division

Enyuan Hu

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Chemistry Division
Bldg. 555, Room 327
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-7751

Dr. Enyuan Hu is a principal investigator (PI) at the electrochemical energy storage group of Chemistry Division. He is the leading PI of two DOE-funded projects and serves as a co-PI in several DOE-funded projects including the Battery500 Consortium. His research areas include cathode (Nature Energy 2018, 3, 690), anode (Nature Nanotechnology 2021, 16, 549; Nature Nanotechnology, Doi:10.1038/s41565-022-01273-3), and electrolyte (Nature Energy, 2022, 4, 484). He also has extensive studies on understanding the oxygen redox reaction (JACS, 2020, 142, 8918; JACS, 2019, 141, 12079; Nature communications 2020, 11, 6342; Joule, 2021, 5, 720; Joule, 2018, 3, 503; Joule, 2018, 2, 125) and the structure-property relationships (Angewandte Chemie 2021, 133, 8339; Angewandte Chemie 2020, 59, 5273; Nature Communications 2018, 9, 2324) in battery materials.

Research | Education | Appointments | Publications | Highlights | Awards

Research Activities

Electrochemical Energy Storage

Research Interests

lithium batteries, sodium batteries, synchrotron and neutron characterization


Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Stony Brook University, USA, 2009-2015
M.S. Environmental Engineering, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, China, 2005-2008
B.E. Environmental Engineering, Southeast University, China, 2001-2005

Professional Appointments

  • 2023-           Chemist, Chemistry Division
  • 2020-2023  Associate Chemist, Chemistry Division
  • 2018-2020 Assistant Chemist, Chemistry Division 
  • 2015-2018 Research Associate, Chemistry Division

Selected Publications

  • Rahman MM, Hu E (2023) Electron Delocalization Enables Sulfone-based Single-solvent Electrolyte for Lithium Metal Batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition.
  • Tan S, Kim J-M, Corrao A, Ghose S, Zhong H, Rui N, Wang X, Senanayake S, Polzin BJ, Khalifah P, Xiao J, Liu J, Xu, K, Yang, X-Q, Cao X, Hu E (2023) Unravelling the convoluted and dynamic interphasial mechanisms on Li metal anodes. Nature Nanotechnology 18:243–249.
  • Rahman MM, Xia K, Yang X-Q, Ariyoshi K, Hu E (2023) Asymmetric Lithium Extraction and Insertion in High Voltage Spinel at Fast Rate. Nano Letters 23:7135–7142.
  • Tan S, Rahman MM, Wu Z, Liu H, Wang S, Ghose S, Zhong H, Waluyo I, Hunt A, Liu P, Yang X-Q, Hu, E (2023) Structural and Interphasial Stabilities of Sulfurized Polyacrylonitrile (SPAN) Cathode. ACS Energy Letters 2496–2504.
  • Tan S, Shadike Z, Li J, Wang X, Yang Y, Lin R, Cresce A, Hu J, Hunt A, Waluyo I, Ma L, Monaco F, Cloetens P, Xiao J, Liu Y, Yang X, Xu K, Hu E (2022) Additive engineering for robust interphases to stabilize high-Ni layered structures at ultra-high voltage of 4.8 V. Nature Energy.
  • Shadike Z, Lee H, Borodin O, Cao X, Fan X, Wang X, Lin R, Bak S-M, Ghose S, Xu K, Wang C, Liu J, Xiao J, Yang X-Q, Hu E (2021) Identification of LiH and nanocrystalline LiF in the solid–electrolyte interphase of lithium metal anodes. Nature Nanotechnology 16:549–554. doi: 10.1038/s41565-020-00845-5
  • Hu E, Yu X, Lin R, Bi X, Lu J, Bak S, Nam K-W, Xin HL, Jaye C, Fischer DA, Amine K, Yang X-Q (2018) Evolution of redox couples in Li- and Mn-rich cathode materials and mitigation of voltage fade by reducing oxygen release. Nature Energy 3:690–698. doi: 10.1038/s41560-018-0207-z
  • Hu E, Yang X-Q (2018) Rejuvenating zinc batteries. Nature Materials 17:480–481. doi: 10.1038/s41563-018-0090-9
  • Hu E, Li Q, Wang X, Meng F, Liu J, Zhang J-N, Page K, Xu W, Gu L, Xiao R, Li H, Huang X, Chen L, Yang W, Yu X, Yang X-Q (2021) Oxygen-redox reactions in LiCoO2 cathode without O–O bonding during charge-discharge. Joule 5:720–736. doi: 10.1016/j.joule.2021.01.006
  • Hu E, Wang X, Yu X, Yang X-Q (2018) Probing the Complexities of Structural Changes in Layered Oxide Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries during Fast Charge–Discharge Cycling and Heating. Accounts of Chemical Research 51:290–298. doi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00506
  • Cui C, Fan X, Zhou X, Chen J, Wang Q, Ma L, Yang C, Hu E, Yang X-Q, Wang C (2020) Structure and Interface Design Enable Stable Li-Rich Cathode. Journal of the American Chemical Society 142:8918–8927. doi: 10.1021/jacs.0c02302
  • Li S, Lee S-J, Wang X, Yang W, Huang H, Swetz DS, Doriese WB, O'Neil GC, Ullom JN, Titus CJ, Irwin KD, Lee H-K, Nordlund D, Pianetta P, Yu C, Qiu J, Yu X, Yang X-Q, Hu E, Lee J-S, Liu Y (2019) Surface-to-Bulk Redox Coupling through Thermally Driven Li Redistribution in Li- and Mn-Rich Layered Cathode Materials. Journal of the American Chemical Society 141:12079–12086. doi: 10.1021/jacs.9b05349
  • Xiao B, Wang Y, Tan S, Song M, Li X, Zhang Y, Lin F, Han KS, Omenya F, Amine K, Yang X, Reed D, Hu Y, Xu G, Hu E, Li X, Li X (2021) Vacancy-Enabled O3 Phase Stabilization for Manganese-Rich Layered Sodium Cathodes. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 60:8258–8267. doi: 10.1002/anie.202016334
  • Jiang Q, Xiong P, Liu J, Xie Z, Wang Q, Yang X, Hu E, Cao Y, Sun J, Xu Y, Chen L (2020) A Redox-Active 2D Metal–Organic Framework for Efficient Lithium Storage with Extraordinary High Capacity. Angewandte Chemie 132:5311–5315. doi: 10.1002/ange.201914395
  • Zhang J, Wang Q, Li S, Jiang Z, Tan S, Wang X, Zhang K, Yuan Q, Lee S-J, Titus CJ, Irwin KD, Nordlund D, Lee J-S, Pianetta P, Yu X, Xiao X, Yang X-Q, Hu E, Liu Y (2020) Depth-dependent valence stratification driven by oxygen redox in lithium-rich layered oxide. Nature Communications. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-20198-w
  • Bi Y, Tao J, Wu Y, Li L, Xu Y, Hu E, Wu B, Hu J, Wang C, Zhang J-G, Qi Y, Xiao J (2020) Reversible planar gliding and microcracking in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode. Science 370:1313–1317. doi: 10.1126/science.abc3167
  • Cao L, Li D, Hu E, Xu J, Deng T, Ma L, Wang Y, Yang X-Q, Wang C (2020) Solvation Structure Design for Aqueous Zn Metal Batteries. Journal of the American Chemical Society 142:21404–21409. doi: 10.1021/jacs.0c09794

Research Highlights

X-rays Reveal Elusive Chemistry for Better EV Batteries

Electrolyte Additive Offers Lithium Battery Performance Breakthrough

Brookhaven Lab Awarded $8M for Electric Vehicle Battery Research

Chemists Settle Battery Debate, Propel Research Forward

Cause of Cathode Degradation Identified for Nickel-rich Materials

Tripling the Energy Storage of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Awards & Recognition

Top10 Discoveries and Scientific Achievements at Brookhaven National Laboratory 2017, 2018, 2021

Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher 2022 

ESRF Scientific Highlight  2022

IBA Early Career Award 2023

Enyuan Hu

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Chemistry Division
Bldg. 555, Room 327
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-7751