General Lab Information

Xiao Tong

Staff Scientist, Interface Sciences/Catalysis, Center for Functional Nanomaterials

Xiao Tong

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Bldg. 735
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-8236

Expertise | Research | Education | Appointments | Publications | Highlights | Awards


-  UHV-Scanning tunneling microscopy

-  UHV- Photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES/XPS)

-  Ambient scanning probe microscopy

-  Raman spectroscopy and microscopy   

-  UHV system instrumentations

Research Activities

Google Scholar (>130 peer-reviewed publications)

-   Surface physics and Surface chemistry

-   Epitaxial growth, self-assembly, and atom manipulation of  nanostructures

-   Characterization of atomic arrangement structures and electronic structures of nanomaterials

-  Catalytic activities by supported size/mass/composition- selected nanoclusters

-  2D electronic transport through surface-states and 2D structures


  • Ph.D. in Surface Physics, Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Japan

Dissertation Title: Atomic / Electronic Structures and Surface-State Electrical Conduction of Si(111)-√21x√21-Ag, Au, Cu Surfaces

  • M.S. in Condensed Matter Physics, Department of Physics, Jilin University, China

Dissertation Title: Structure and Electronic Properties of CdS Nanocrystals Tuned by High Static Pressure

Professional Appointments

  • Staff Scientist, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National   Laboratory
  • Associate Specialist, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara.       
  • Visiting Research Fellow, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Group,  Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, National Research Council of Canada.
  • Special Research Fellow of Basic Science Program, Semiconductors Laboratory, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Japan                                          

Selected Publications

  • Yilmaz T, Tong X, Dai Z, Sadowski JT, Schwier EF, Shimada K, Hwang S, Kisslinger K, Kaznatcheev K, Vescovo E, Sinkovic B (2021) Emergent flat band electronic structure in a VSe2/Bi2Se3 heterostructure. Communications Materials. doi: 10.1038/s43246-020-00115-w
  • Lee D, Wang W, Zhou C, Tong X, Liu M, Galli G, Choi K-S (2021) The impact of surface composition on the interfacial energetics and photoelectrochemical properties of BiVO4. Nature Energy 6:287–294. doi: 10.1038/s41560-021-00777-x
  • Lin R, Hu E, Liu M, Wang Y, Cheng H, Wu J, Zheng J-C, Wu Q, Bak S, Tong X, Zhang R, Yang W, Persson KA, Yu X, Yang X-Q, Xin HL (2019) Anomalous metal segregation in lithium-rich material provides design rules for stable cathode in lithium-ion battery. Nature Communications. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09248-0
  • Chen J-S, Li M, Wu Q, Fron E, Tong X, Cotlet M (2019) Layer-Dependent Photoinduced Electron Transfer in 0D–2D Lead Sulfide/Cadmium Sulfide–Layered Molybdenum Disulfide Hybrids. ACS Nano 13:8461–8468. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.9b04367
  • Li L, Liu H, Qin C, Liang Z, Scida A, Yue S, Tong X, Adzic RR, Wong SS (2018) Ultrathin PtxSn1–x Nanowires for Methanol and Ethanol Oxidation Reactions: Tuning Performance by Varying Chemical Composition. ACS Applied Nano Materials 1:1104–1115. doi: 10.1021/acsanm.7b00289
  • Zhang W, Yan D, Tong X, Liu M (2018) Ultrathin Lutetium Oxide Film as an Epitaxial Hole-Blocking Layer for Crystalline Bismuth Vanadate Water Splitting Photoanodes. Advanced Functional Materials 28:1705512. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201705512
  • Rhodes D, Chenet DA, Janicek BE, Nyby C, Lin Y, Jin W, Edelberg D, Mannebach E, Finney N, Antony A, Schiros T, Klarr T, Mazzoni A, Chin M, Chiu Y–., Zheng W, Zhang QR, Ernst F, Dadap JI, Tong X, Ma J, Lou R, Wang S, Qian T, Ding H, Osgood RM, Paley DW, Lindenberg AM, Huang PY, Pasupathy AN, Dubey M, Hone J, Balicas L (2017) Engineering the Structural and Electronic Phases of MoTe2 through W Substitution. Nano Letters 17:1616–1622. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04814
  • Scofield ME, Zhou Y, Yue S, Wang L, Su D, Tong X, Vukmirovic MB, Adzic RR, Wong SS (2016) Role of Chemical Composition in the Enhanced Catalytic Activity of Pt-Based Alloyed Ultrathin Nanowires for the Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction under Alkaline Conditions. ACS Catalysis 6:3895–3908. doi: 10.1021/acscatal.6b00350
  • Goh T, Huang J-S, Yager KG, Sfeir MY, Nam C-Y, Tong X, Guard LM, Melvin PR, Antonio F, Bartolome BG, Lee ML, Hazari N, Taylor AD (2016) Quaternary Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Cocrystalline Squaraines with Power Conversion Efficiencies >10%. Advanced Energy Materials 6:1600660. doi: 10.1002/aenm.201600660
  • Doubek G, Sekol RC, Li J, Ryu W-H, Gittleson FS, Nejati S, Moy E, Reid C, Carmo M, Linardi M, Bordeenithikasem P, Kinser E, Liu Y, Tong X, Osuji CO, Schroers J, Mukherjee S, Taylor AD (2015) Guided Evolution of Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures: A Platform for Designing 3D Electrocatalytic Surfaces. Advanced Materials 28:1940–1949. doi: 10.1002/adma.201504504
  • Rahman A, Ashraf A, Xin H, Tong X, Sutter P, Eisaman MD, Black CT (2015) Sub-50-nm self-assembled nanotextures for enhanced broadband antireflection in silicon solar cells. Nature Communications. doi: 10.1038/ncomms6963
  • Sutter EA, Tong X, Jungjohann K, Sutter PW (2013) Oxidation of nanoscale Au-In alloy particles as a possible route toward stable Au-based catalysts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110:10519–10524. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1305388110
  • Tong X, Benz L, Kemper P, Metiu H, Bowers MT, Buratto SK (2005) Intact Size-Selected Aun Clusters on a TiO2(110)-(1 × 1) Surface at Room Temperature. Journal of the American Chemical Society 127:13516–13518. doi: 10.1021/ja052778w
  • Tong X, DiLabio GA, Wolkow RA (2004) A Self-Directed Growth Process for Creating Covalently Bonded Molecular Assemblies on the H−Si(100)-3×1 Surface. Nano Letters 4:979–983. doi: 10.1021/nl049796g
  • Tong X, DiLabio GA, Clarkin OJ, Wolkow RA (2003) Ring-Opening Radical Clock Reactions for Hybrid Organic−Silicon Surface Nanostructures:  A New Self-Directed Growth Mechanism and Kinetic Insights. Nano Letters 4:357–360. doi: 10.1021/nl035021g

Research Highlights

BNL press release

Discovering Flat Bands in Unexpected Places

Exposure to Air Transforms Gold Alloys Into Catalytic Nanostructures

Lithium-Ion Battery Research "Flowers"

Tuning Electrode Surfaces to Optimize Solar Fuel Production

Brookhaven Lab and Euclid Techlabs to Develop Coated Cathodes for Electron-Ion Collider

Stabilizing High-Efficiency Solar Cells

Artificial Moth Eyes Enhance the Performance of Silicon Solar Cells

Awards & Recognition

-Visiting Fellowship, National Research Council of Canada, Canada 2000

-ERATO research fellow of Japan Science & Technology Corporation, 2000

-Special Research Fellow of Basic Science Program, RIKEN, Japan, 1997

-JST Research fellow of Japan Science & Technology Corporation, 1996  

-JGC-S Scholarship,  1994                                                                                                                                                                

Xiao Tong

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Bldg. 735
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-8236

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