General Lab Information

Xiao Tong

Staff Scientist, Interface Sciences/Catalysis, Center for Functional Nanomaterials

Xiao Tong

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Bldg. 735
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-8236

Expertise | Research | Education | Appointments | Publications | Highlights | Awards


-  UHV-Scanning tunneling microscopy

-  UHV- Photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES/XPS)

-  Ambient scanning probe microscopy

-  Raman spectroscopy and microscopy   

-  UHV system instrumentations

Research Activities

Google Scholar (>156 peer-reviewed publications)

-   Surface physics and Surface chemistry

-   Epitaxial growth, self-assembly, and atom manipulation of  nanostructures

-   Characterization of atomic arrangement structures and electronic structures of nanomaterials

-  Catalytic activities by supported size/mass/composition- selected nanoclusters

-  2D electronic transport through surface-states and 2D structures


  • Ph.D. in Surface Physics, Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Japan

Dissertation Title: Atomic / Electronic Structures and Surface-State Electrical Conduction of Si(111)-√21x√21-Ag, Au, Cu Surfaces

  • M.S. in Condensed Matter Physics, Department of Physics, Jilin University, China

Dissertation Title: Structure and Electronic Properties of CdS Nanocrystals Tuned by High Static Pressure

Professional Appointments

  • Staff Scientist, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National   Laboratory
  • Associate Specialist, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara.       
  • Visiting Research Fellow, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Group,  Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, National Research Council of Canada.
  • Special Research Fellow of Basic Science Program, Semiconductors Laboratory, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Japan                                          

Selected Publications

  • Tong X , et al (2022) VO Cluster-Stabilized H2O Adsorption on a TiO2 (110) Surface at Room Temperature, J. Phys Chem C 126(42):17975-17982. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c06202
  • Lee D, Wang et al (2021) The impact of surface composition on the interfacial energetics and photoelectrochemical properties of BiVO4. Nature Energy 6:287–294. doi: 10.1038/s41560-021-00777-x
  • Lin R, et al (2019) Anomalous metal segregation in lithium-rich material provides design rules for stable cathode in lithium-ion battery. Nature Communications. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09248-0
  • Zhang W, et al (2018) Ultrathin Lutetium Oxide Film as an Epitaxial Hole-Blocking Layer for Crystalline Bismuth Vanadate Water Splitting Photoanodes. Advanced Functional Materials 28:1705512. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201705512
  • Rhodes D, et al (2017) Engineering the Structural and Electronic Phases of MoTe2 through W Substitution. Nano Letters 17:1616–1622. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04814
  • Goh T, et al (2016) Quaternary Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Cocrystalline Squaraines with Power Conversion Efficiencies >10%. Advanced Energy Materials 6:1600660. doi: 10.1002/aenm.201600660
  • Doubek G, et al (2015) Guided Evolution of Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures: A Platform for Designing 3D Electrocatalytic Surfaces. Advanced Materials 28:1940–1949. doi: 10.1002/adma.201504504
  • Sutter EA, et al (2013) Oxidation of nanoscale Au-In alloy particles as a possible route toward stable Au-based catalysts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110:10519–10524. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1305388110
  • Tong X, et al (2005) Intact Size-Selected Aun Clusters on a TiO2(110)-(1 × 1) Surface at Room Temperature. Journal of the American Chemical Society 127:13516–13518. doi: 10.1021/ja052778w
  • Tong X, et al (2004) A Self-Directed Growth Process for Creating Covalently Bonded Molecular Assemblies on the H−Si(100)-3×1 Surface. Nano Letters 4:979–983. doi: 10.1021/nl049796g
  • Tong X, et al (2003) Ring-Opening Radical Clock Reactions for Hybrid Organic−Silicon Surface Nanostructures:  A New Self-Directed Growth Mechanism and Kinetic Insights. Nano Letters 4:357–360. doi: 10.1021/nl035021g

Research Highlights

BNL press release

Discovering Flat Bands in Unexpected Places

Exposure to Air Transforms Gold Alloys Into Catalytic Nanostructures

Lithium-Ion Battery Research "Flowers"

Tuning Electrode Surfaces to Optimize Solar Fuel Production

Brookhaven Lab and Euclid Techlabs to Develop Coated Cathodes for Electron-Ion Collider

Stabilizing High-Efficiency Solar Cells

Artificial Moth Eyes Enhance the Performance of Silicon Solar Cells

Awards & Recognition

-Visiting Fellowship, National Research Council of Canada, Canada 2000

-ERATO research fellow of Japan Science & Technology Corporation, 2000

-Special Research Fellow of Basic Science Program, RIKEN, Japan, 1997

-JST Research fellow of Japan Science & Technology Corporation, 1996  

-JGC-S Scholarship,  1994                                                                                                                                                                

Xiao Tong

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Bldg. 735
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-8236

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