General Lab Information

All programs

Soft X-ray Scattering & Spectroscopy

Understanding and controlling the physics of emergent phenomena and catalysis at the nanoscale

The Soft X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopy Program at Brookhaven Lab’s National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) offers cutting-edge capabilities for investigating and controlling the complex interplay of emergent phenomena and catalysis at the nanoscale. The program provides specialized scattering and spectroscopy tools in the infrared and soft x-ray energy range. These techniques can be combined with diverse experimental environments and operando conditions. The program’s scientific focus is the characterization of electronic structures and behaviors in novel materials, including quantum devices and catalysts, under diverse and realistic conditions.

Program Beamlines


Soft Inelastic X-ray Scattering

The SIX beamline enables researchers to study electron correlation and structure in complex materials with ultrahigh energy resolution and sensitivity. Researchers use SIX to investigate high-temperature superconductors, topological insulators, and emergent phenomena in novel materials, and to understand the underlying physics of these materials and their potential applications in energy science.

22-IR-2 MET

Magnetospectroscopy, Ellipsometry and Time-resolved Optical Spectroscopies

The MET beamline is a dedicated and versatile spectroscopy tool for studies on condensed matter under diverse experimental conditions, including low temperatures and high magnetic fields. Using the beamline’s advanced capabilities, researchers can study the electronic structures and emergent phenomena of novel materials, including multiferroics, topological insulators, and high-temperature and conventional superconductors.

21-ID-1 ESM
21-ID-2 ESM

Electron Spectro-Microscopy 1, 2

The ESM beamlines offer two versatile experimental stations for spectroscopic and microscopic investigations of novel materials. Using ESM’s high energy resolution, small spot size, and wide range of photon energies, researchers can uncover the fundamental physics and chemistry of newly synthesized materials and incredibly small crystals with high precision.

23-ID-1 CSX

Coherent Soft X-ray Scattering

The CSX beamline offers researchers state-of-the-art soft x-ray scattering and imaging tools with world- leading, coherent, and high photon flux for investigating the electronic texture and dynamics of composite materials. This unique combination of spectroscopic, microscopic, and imaging tools enables researchers to explore the correlation between electronic behavior and emergent phenomena in novel materials.

22-IR-1 FIS

Frontier Synchrotron Infrared Spectroscopy

Researchers can use the FIS beamline to understand the structure and behavior of materials under extreme conditions. FIS offers researchers the possibility to mimic the temperature and pressure found deep inside of planets, and to investigate the properties and reactions of materials and condensed matter in these special environments using infrared electronic and vibrational spectroscopy.

23-ID-2 IOS

In situ and Operando Soft X-ray Spectroscopy

The IOS beamline offers researchers specialized tools for in situ and operando spectroscopy on heterogeneous catalysis and other energy systems. Researchers can study complex chemistry and energy conversion under ambient and elevated pressure of various gases. By offering this new capability, IOS bridges the long-standing pressure gap problem in catalysis between ideal surface science experiments and industrial catalytic processes.

7-ID-1 SST-1
7-ID-1 SST-2

Spectroscopy Soft and Tender 1, 2

Beamlines SST-1 and SST-2 offer x-ray spectroscopy, imaging, and scattering techniques for studying the behavior and properties of soft matter, hard matter, and compound materials that can be used for energy storage, energy conversion, and electronics. SST-1 and SST-2 provide a wide range of x-ray absorption and spectroscopy experimental techniques and detectors, combined with two beams of soft and tender x-rays.

Beamline 2-ID offers inelastic x-ray scattering techniques to study the inner dynamics of materials and condensed matter. To achieve its extremely high energy resolution, the beamline’s detector is positioned at the end of a long arm, which allows samples to be studied from multiple angles.

Beamline 23-ID-1 provides coherent soft x-ray scattering (CSX) and imaging capabilities with world-leading high-coherent flux and detectors for probing correlated electronic textures and dynamics.

Our Partners

NSLS-II partners with Yale University to operate and develop the ESM Molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE) capabilities.

NSLS-II partners with the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) to develop and operate the SST beamlines.

NSLS-II partners with Brookhaven Lab’s Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department to develop and operate the CSX beamline.

NSLS-II partners with Brookhaven Lab’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) to develop and operate the ESM X-ray Photoemission Electron Microscopy (XPEEM) endstation.