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Cloud Processes Group

Publications (2011 to present)


Giangrande, S. E., Wang, D., and Mechem, D. B.  Cloud regimes over the Amazon Basin: perspectives from the GoAmazon2014/5 campaign.  Atmos. Chem. Phys. 20, 7489-7507, doi:10.5194/acp-20-7489-2020  (2020).

Prein, A. F., Rasmussen, R. M., Wang, D., and Giangrande, S. E.  Sensitivity of Organized Convective Storms to Model Grid Spacing in Current and Future Climates.  Philosophical Transactions A, accepted (2020).

Sokolowsky, G. A., Clothiaux, E. E., Baggett, C. F., Lee, S., Feldstein, S. B., Eloranta, E. W., Cadeddu, M. P., Bharadwaj, N., and Johnson, K. L.  Contributions to the Surface Downwelling Longwave Irradiance during Arctic Winter at Utqiaġvik (Barrow), Alaska.  Journal of Climate 33, 4555-4577 (2020).

Wang, D., Giangrande, S. E., Feng, Z., Hardin, J. C., and Prein, A. F.  Updraft and Downdraft Core Size and Intensity as Revealed by Radar Wind Profilers: MCS Observations and Idealized Model Comparisons.  J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres, accepted (2020).


Lamer, K., and coauthors (2019), Characterization of Shallow Oceanic Precipitation using Profiling and Scanning Radar Observations at the Eastern North Atlantic ARM Observatory, AMT 12(9), 4931-4947.

Silber, I., Verlinde, J., Cadeddu, M., Flynn, C. J., Vogelmann, A. M., and Eloranta, E. W. Antarctic cloud macrophysical, thermodynamic phase, and atmospheric inversion coupling properties at McMurdo Station. Part II: Radiative impact during different synoptic regimes. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., accepted (2019). [BNL-210886-2019-JAAM]



Fan, J., Rosenfeld, D., Zhang, Y., Giangrande, S. E., Li, Z., Machado, L. A. T., Martin, S. T., Yang, Y., Wang, J., Artaxo, P., Barbosa, H. M. J., Braga, R. C., Comstock, J. M., Feng, Z., Gao, W., Gomes, H. B., Mei, F., Pöhlker, C., Pöhlker, M. L., Pöschl, U., and de Souza, R. A. F. Substantial convection and precipitation enhancements by ultrafine aerosol particles. Science 359, 411-418, doi:10.1126/science.aan8461 (2018). [BNL-203206-2018-JAAM]

Kollias P. and coauthors (2018) The EarthCARE Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR) Doppler
measurements in deep convection: challenges, post-processing and science applications. Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds and Precipitation VII. (Vol. 10776, p. 107760R). International Society for Optics and Photonic.

Lamer, K. and coauthors (2018) (GO)2-SIM: a GCM-oriented ground-observation forward simulator framework for objective evaluation of cloud and precipitation phase. Geoscientific Model Development 11(10), 4195-4214.

Machado, L. A. T., Calheiros, A. J. P., Biscaro, T., Giangrande, S., Silva Dias, M. A. F., Cecchini, M. A., Albrecht, R., Andreae, M. O., Araujo, W. F., Artaxo, P., Borrmann, S., Braga, R., Burleyson, C., Eichholz, C. W., Fan, J., Feng, Z., Fisch, G. F., Jensen, M. P., Martin, S. T., Pöschl, U., Pöhlker, C., Pöhlker, M. L., Ribaud, J. F., Rosenfeld, D., Saraiva, J. M. B., Schumacher, C., Thalman, R., Walter, D., and Wendisch, M. Overview: Precipitation characteristics and sensitivities to environmental conditions during GoAmazon2014/5 and ACRIDICON-CHUVA. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 6461-6482, doi:10.5194/acp-18-6461-2018 (2018). [BNL-205803-2018-JAAM]

Mechem, D. B. and Giangrande, S. E. The Challenge of Identifying Controls on Cloud Properties and Precipitation Onset for Cumulus Congestus Sampled During MC3E. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 123, 3126-3144, doi:10.1002/2017JD027457 (2018). [BNL-205751-2018-JAAM]

Schiro, K. A., Ahmed, F., Giangrande, S. E., and Neelin, J. D. GoAmazon2014/5 campaign points to deep-inflow approach to deep convection across scales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, 4577-4582, doi:10.1073/pnas.1719842115 (2018). [BNL-205762-2018-JAAM]

Wang, D., Giangrande, S. E., Bartholomew, M. J., Hardin, J., Feng, Z., Thalman, R., and Machado, L. A. The Green Ocean: Precipitation Insights from the GoAmazon2014/5 Experiment. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 9121-9145, doi:10.5194/acp-18-9121-2018 (2018). [BNL-205773-2018-JAAM]

Yang, F., Kollias, P., Shaw, R. A., and Vogelmann, A. M. Cloud droplet size distribution broadening during diffusional growth: ripening amplified by deactivation and reactivation. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 7313-7328, doi:10.5194/acp-18-7313-2018 (2018). [BNL-205676-2018-JAAM]

Yang, F., Luke, E. P., Kollias, P., Kostinski, A. B., and Vogelmann, A. M. Scaling of drizzle virga depth with cloud thickness for marine stratocumulus clouds. Geophy. Res. Lettrs 45, 3746-3753. doi:10.1029/2018GL077145 (2018). [BNL-203503-2018-JAAM]

Zhang, D., Wang, Z., Kollias, P., Vogelmann, A. M., Yang, K., and Luo, T. Ice particle production in mid-level stratiform mixed-phase clouds observed with collocated A-Train measurements. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 4317-4327, doi:10.5194/acp-18-4317-2018 (2018). [BNL-203456-2018-JAAM]

Zhang, Y., Xie, S., Klein, S. A., Marchand, R., Kollias, P., Clothiaux, E. E., Lin, W., Johnson, K., Swales, D., Bodas-Salcedo, A., Tang, S., Haynes, J. M., Collis, S., Jensen, M., Bharadwaj, N., Hardin, J., and Isom, B. The ARM Cloud Radar Simulator for Global Climate Models: A New Tool for Bridging Field Data and Climate Models. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 99, 21-26, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0258.1 (2018). [BNL-114163-2017-JA]

Zheng, G., Wang, Y., Aiken, A. C., Gallo, F., Jensen, M. P., Kollias, P., Kuang, C., Luke, E., Springston, S., Uin, J., Wood, R., and Wang, J. Marine boundary layer aerosol in the eastern North Atlantic: Seasonal variations and key controlling processes. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 18, 17615-17635, doi:10.5194/acp-18-17615-2018 (2018). [BNL-209680-2018-JAAM]


Fan, J., Han, B., Varble, A., Morrison, H., North, K., Kollias, P., Chen, B., Dong, X., Giangrande, S. E., Khain, A., Lin, Y., Mansell, E., Milbrandt, J., Stenz, R., Thompson, G., and Wang, Y. Cloud-Resolving Model Intercomparison of an MC3E Squall Line Case: Part I – Convective Updrafts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122, 9351-9378, doi:10.1002/2017JD026622 (2017). [BNL-114272-2017-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., Feng, Z., Jensen, M. P., Comstock, J. M., Johnson, K. L., Toto, T., Wang, M., Burleyson, C., Bharadwaj, N., Mei, F., Machado, L. A. T., Manzi, A. O., Xie, S., Tang, S., Dias, M. A. F. S., de Souza, R. A. F., Schumacher, C., and Martin, S. T. Cloud Characteristics, Thermodynamic Controls and Radiative Impacts During the Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon2014/5) Experiment. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 17, 14519-14541, doi:10.5194/acp-17-14519-2017 (2017). [BNL-114794-2017-JA]

Huang, H., Zhang, G., Zhao, K., and Giangrande, S. E. A Hybrid Method to Estimate Specific Differential Phase and Rainfall with Linear Programming and Physics Constraints. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 55, 96-111, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2016.2596295 (2017). [BNL-112499-2016-JA]

Martin, S. T., Artaxo, P., Machado, L., Manzi, A. O., Souza, R. A. F., Schumacher, C., Wang, J., Biscaro, T., Brito, J., Calheiros, A., Jardine, K., Medeiros, A., Portela, B., de Sá, S. S., Adachi, K., Aiken, A. C., Albrecht, R., Alexander, L., Andreae, M. O., Barbosa, H. M. J., Buseck, P., Chand, D., Comstock, J. M., Day, D. A., Dubey, M., Fan, J., Fast, J., Fisch, G., Fortner, E., Giangrande, S., Gilles, M., Goldstein, A. H., Guenther, A., Hubbe, J., Jensen, M., Jimenez, J. L., Keutsch, F. N., Kim, S., Kuang, C., Laskin, A., McKinney, K., Mei, F., Miller, M., Nascimento, R., Pauliquevis, T., Pekour, M., Peres, J., Petäjä, T., Pöhlker, C., Pöschl, U., Rizzo, L., Schmid, B., Shilling, J. E., Dias, M. A. S., Smith, J. N., Tomlinson, J. M., Tóta, J., and Wendisch, M. The Green Ocean Amazon Experiment (GoAmazon2014/5) Observes Pollution Affecting Gases, Aerosols, Clouds, and Rainfall over the Rain Forest. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 98, 981-997, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00221.1 (2017). [BNL-114150-2017-JA]

Nicolas, J. P., Vogelmann, A. M., Scott, R. C., Wilson, A. B., Cadeddu, M. P., Bromwich, D. H., Verlinde, J., Lubin, D., Russell, L. M., Jenkinson, C., Powers, H. H., Ryczek, M., Stone, G., and Wille, J. D. January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Niño. Nature Communications 8, 15799, doi:10.1038/ncomms15799 (2017). [BNL-114021-2017-JA]

North, K. W., Oue, M., Kollias, P., Giangrande, S. E., Collis, S. M., and Potvin, C. K. Vertical air motion retrievals in deep convective clouds using the ARM scanning radar network in Oklahoma during MC3E. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 10, 2785-2806, doi:10.5194/amt-10-2785-2017 (2017). [BNL-114147-2017-JA]

Romps, D. M. and Vogelmann, A. M. Methods for estimating 2D cloud size distributions from 1D observations. J. Atmos. Sci. 74, 3405-3417, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-17-0105.1 (2017). [BNL-114153-2017-JA]

Scott, R. C., Lubin, D., Vogelmann, A. M., and Kato, S. West Antarctic Ice Sheet cloud cover and surface radiation budget from NASA A-Train satellites. J. Clim. 30, 6151-6170, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0644.1 (2017). [BNL-113984-2017-JA]


Berg L. and coauthors (2016). The Two-Column Aerosol Project: Phase I--Overview and impact of elevated aerosol layers on aerosol optical depth. JGR: Atmospheres 121(1), 336-361.

Giangrande, S. E., Toto, T., Jensen, M. P., Bartholomew, M. J., Feng, Z., Protat, A., Williams, C. R., Schumacher, C., and Machado, L. Convective cloud vertical velocity and mass-flux characteristics from radar wind profiler observations during GoAmazon2014/5. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121, 12,891-12,913, doi:10.1002/2016JD025303 (2016). [BNL-113519-2017-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., Toto, T., Bansemer, A., Kumjian, M. R., Mishra, S., and Ryzhkov, A. V. Insights Into Riming and Aggregation Processes As Revealed By Aircraft, Radar, and Disdrometer Observations For a 27 April 2011 Widespread Precipitation Event. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121, 5846-5863, doi:10.1002/2015JD024537 (2016).  [BNL-112320-2016-JA]

Jensen, M., Petersen, W., Bansemer, A., Bharadwaj, N., Carey, L., Cecil, D., Collis, S., DelGenio, A., Dolan, B., Gerlach, J., Giangrande, S., Heymsfield, A., Heymsfield, G., Kollias, P., Lang, T., Nesbitt, S., Neumann, A., Poellot, M., Rutledge, S., Schwaller, M., Tokay, A., Williams, C., Wolff, D., Xie, S., and Zipser, E. The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 97, 1667-1686, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00228.1 (2016). [BNL-111943-2016-JA]

Jensen, M. P., Holdridge, D. J., Survo, P., Lehtinen, R., Baxter, S., Toto, T., and Johnson, K. L. Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 at the ARM Southern Great Plains site. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9, 3115-3129, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3115-2016 (2016). [BNL-112465-2016-JA]

Kumjian, M. R., Mishra, S., Giangrande, S. E., Toto, T., Ryzhkov, A. V., and Bansemer, A. Polarimetric Radar and Aircraft Observations of Saggy Bright Bands During MC3E. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121, 3584-3607, doi:10.1002/2015JD024446 (2016). [BNL-111998-2016-JA]

Wood, R., Jensen, M. P., Wang, J., Bretherton, C. S., Burrows, S. M., Genio, A. D. D., Fridlind, A. M., Ghan, S. J., Ghate, V. P., Kollias, P., Krueger, S. K., McGraw, R. L., Miller, M. A., Painemal, D., Russell, L. M., Yuter, S. E., and Zuidema, P. Planning the next decade of coordinated research to better understand and simulate marine low clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 97, 1699-1702, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0160.1 (2016). [BNL-112319-2016-JA]


Endo, S., Fridlind, A. M., Lin, W., Vogelmann, A. M., Toto, T., Ackerman, A. S., McFarquhar, G. M., Jackson, R. C., Jonsson, H. H., and Liu, Y. RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. Part II: Large-eddy simulations of cumulus clouds and evaluation with in-situ and ground-based observations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 5993-6014, doi:10.1002/2014JD022525 (2015). [BNL-108008-2015-JA]

Feng, S., Li, Z., Liu, Y., Lin, W., Zhang, M., Toto, T., Vogelmann, A. M., and Endo, S. Development of fine-resolution analyses and expanded large-scale forcing properties: 2. Scale awareness and application to single-column model experiments. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 667-677, doi:10.1002/2014JD022254 (2015). [BNL-107505-2015-JA]

Lamer K. and P. Kollias (2015). Observations of fair-weather cumuli over land: Dynamical factors controlling cloud size and cover. Geophysic. Res. Lettrs 42(20), 8693-8701.

Lamer K., P. Kollias, and L. Nuijens (2015). Observations of the variability of shallow trade wind cumulus cloudiness and mass flux. JGR: Atmospheres 120(12), 6161-6178.

Li, Z., Feng, S., Liu, Y., Lin, W., Zhang, M., Toto, T., Vogelmann, A. M., and Endo, S. Development of fine-resolution analyses and expanded large-scale forcing properties: 1. Methodology and evaluation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 654-666, doi:10.1002/2014JD022245 (2015). [BNL-107504-2015-JA]

Lin, W., Liu, Y., Vogelmann, A. M., Fridlind, A., Endo, S., Song, H., Feng, S., Toto, T., Li, Z., and Zhang, M. RACORO Continental Boundary Layer Cloud Investigations. Part III: Separation of Parameterization Biases in Single-Column Model CAM5 Simulations of Shallow Cumulus. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 6015-6033 (2015). [BNL-107833-2015-JA]

Mechem, D. B., Giangrande, S. E., Wittman, C. S., Borque, P., Toto, T., and Kollias, P. Insights from modeling and observational evaluation of a precipitating continental cumulus event observed during the MC3E field campaign. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 1980-1995, doi:10.1002/2014JD022255 (2015). [BNL-108017-2015-JA]

Vogelmann, A. M., Fridlind, A. M., Toto, T., Endo, S., Lin, W., Wang, J., Feng, S., Zhang, Y., Turner, D. D., Liu, Y., Li, Z., Xie, S., Ackerman, A. S., Zhang, M., and Khairoutdinov, M. RACORO Continental Boundary Layer Cloud Investigations. Part I: Case Study Development and Ensemble Large-Scale Forcings. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 5962-5992,  doi:10.1002/2014JD022713 (2015). [BNL-107839-2015-JA]

Wood, R., Wyant, M., Bretherton, C. S., Rémillard, J., Kollias, P., Fletcher, J., Stemmler, J., deSzoeke, S., Yuter, S., Miller, M., Mechem, D., Tselioudis, G., Chiu, C., Mann, J., O'Connor, E., Hogan, R., Dong, X., Miller, M., Ghate, V., Jefferson, A., Min, Q., Minnis, P., Palinkonda, R., Albrecht, B., Luke, E., Hannay, C., and Lin, Y. Clouds, Aerosol, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer: An ARM Mobile Facility Deployment. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 96, 419-440, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00180.1 (2015). [BNL-107832-2015-JA]

Xiao, H., Endo, S., Wong, M., Skamarock, W. C., Klemp, J. B., Fast, J. D., Gustafson, W. I., Vogelmann, A. M., Wang, H., Liu, Y., and Lin, W. Modifications to WRF's dynamical core to improve the treatment of moisture for large-eddy simulations. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 7, doi:10.1002/2015MS000532 (2015). [BNL-111604-2015-JA]


Borque, P., Kollias, P., and Giangrande, S. First Observations of Tracking Clouds Using Scanning ARM Cloud Radars. J. Applied Meteorol. Clim. 53, 2732-2746, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0182.1 (2014). [BNL-107582-2015-JA]

Galletti, M., Huang, D., and Kollias, P. Zenith/Nadir Pointing mm-Wave Radars: Linear or Circular Polarization? IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 52, 628-639, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2243155 (2014). [BNL-104274-2014-JA]

Galletti, M., Zrnic, D. S., Gekat, F., and Goelz, P. Eigenvalue Signal Processing for Weather Radar Polarimetry: Removing the Bias Induced by Antenna Coherent Cross-Channel Coupling. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 52, 7695-7707, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2014.2316821 (2014). [BNL-105429-2014-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., Bartholomew, M. J., Pope, M., Collis, S., and Jensen, M. P. A Summary of Precipitation Characteristics from the 2006-2011 Northern Australian Wet Seasons as Revealed by ARM Disdrometer Research Facilities (Darwin, Australia). J. Applied Meteorol. Climatol. 53, 1213-1231, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0222.1 (2014). [BNL-105019-2014-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., Collis, S., Theisen, A. K., and Tokay, A. Precipitation Estimation from the ARM Distributed Radar Network During the MC3E Campaign. J. Applied Meteorol. Climatol. 53, 2130-2147, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0321.1 (2014). [BNL-106151-2014-JA]

Heistermann, M., Collis, S., Dixon, M. J., Giangrande, S., Helmus, J. J., Kelley, B., Koistinen, J., Michelson, D. B., Peura, M., Pfaff, T., and Wolff, D. B. The Emergence of Open Source Software for the Weather Radar Community. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., e-view, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00240.1 (2014). [BNL-105490-2014-JA]

Jensen, M. P., Toto, T., Troyan, D., Ciesielski, P. E., Holdridge, D., Kyrouac, J., and Schatz, J. The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) sounding network: operations, processing and analysis. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 7, 9275-9315 (2014). [BNL-106085-2014-JA]

Lamer K., A. Tatarevic, I. Jo, and P. Kollias (2014). Evaluation of gridded scanning ARM cloud radar reflectivity observations and vertical Doppler velocity retrievals. AMT 7(4), 1089-1103.

Kollias, P., Bharadwaj, N., Widener, K., Jo, I., and Johnson, K. Scanning ARM Cloud Radars. Part I: Operational Sampling Strategies. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 31, 569-582, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00044.1 (2014). [BNL-105483-2014-JA]

Kollias, P., Jo, I., Borque, P., Tatarevic, A., Lamer, K., Bharadwaj, N., Widener, K., Johnson, K., and Clothiaux, E. E. Scanning ARM Cloud Radars. Part II: Data Quality Control and Processing. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 31, 583-598, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00045.1 (2014). [BNL-105484-2014-JA]

Wu, W., Liu, Y., Jensen, M. P., Toto, T., Foster, M. J., and Long, C. N. A comparison of multiscale variations of decade-long cloud fractions from six different platforms over the Southern Great Plains in the United States. J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3438-3459, doi:10.1002/2013JD019813 (2014). [BNL-104271-2014-JA]

Xie, S., Zhang, Y., Giangrande, S. E., Jensen, M. P., McCoy, R., and Zhang, M. Interactions between Cumulus Convection and Its Environment as Revealed by the MC3E Sounding Array. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., accepted, doi:2014JD022011 (2014). [BNL-106289-2014-JA]

Zhao, C., Xie, S., Chen, X., Jensen, M. P., and Dunn, M. Quantifying uncertainties of cloud microphysical property retrievals with a perturbation method. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 5375–5385, doi:10.1002/2013JD021112 (2014). [BNL-105011-2014-JA]


de Boer, G., Bauer, S. E., Toto, T., Menon, S., and Vogelmann, A. M. Evaluation of aerosol-cloud interaction in the GISS ModelE using ARM observations. J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos. 118, 1-13, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50460 (2013). [BNL-101137-2013-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., Collis, S., Straka, J., Protat, A., Williams, C., and Krueger, S. A Summary of Convective Core Vertical Velocity Properties Using ARM UHF Wind Profilers in Oklahoma. J. Applied Meteorol. Climatol. 52, 2278-2295, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0185.1 (2013). [BNL-102542-2013-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., McGraw, R., and Lei, L. An Application of Linear Programming to Polarimetric Radar Differential Phase Processing. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 30, 1716-1729, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00147.1 (2013). [BNL-101646-2013-JA]

He, J., Zhang, M., Lin, W., Colle, B., Liu, P., and Vogelmann, A. M. The WRF nested within the CESM: Simulations of a midlatitude cyclone over the Southern Great Plains. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 5, 1-12, doi:10.1002/JAME.20042 (2013). [BNL-102437-2013-JA]

Long, C. N., McFarlane, S. A., Genio, A. D., Minnis, P., Ackerman, T. P., Mather, J., Comstock, J., Mace, G. G., Jensen, M., and Jakob, C. ARM Research In The Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade And Counting. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 94, 695-708, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00137.1 (2013). [BNL-101283-2013-JA]

Lu, C., Niu, S., Liu, Y., and Vogelmann, A. M. Empirical relationship between entrainment rate and microphysics in cumulus clouds. Geophys. Res. Lettrs 40, 2333–2338, doi:10.1002/grl.50445 (2013). [BNL-101056-2013-JA]

Luke, E. P. and Kollias, P. Separating Cloud and Drizzle Radar Moments during Precipitation Onset using Doppler Spectra. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 30, 1656-1671, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00195.1 (2013). [BNL-101647-2013-JA]

Tao, W.-K., Wu, D., Matsui, T., Peters-Lidard, C., Lang, S., Hou, A., Rienecker, M., Peterson, W., and Jensen, M. Precipitation intensity and variation during MC3E: A numerical modeling study. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118, 1-20, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50410 (2013). [BNL-101282-2013-JA]

Tridon, F., Battaglia, A., Kollias, P., Luke, E., and Williams, C. R. Signal Post-processing and Reflectivity Calibration of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program 915 MHz Wind Profilers. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 30, 1038-1054, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00146.1 (2013). [BNL-101382-2013-JA]

Van Weverberg, K., Vogelmann, A. M., Lin, W., Luke, E. P., Cialella, A., Minnis, P., Khaiyer, M., Boer, E. R., and Jensen, M. P. The Role of Cloud Microphysics Parameterization in the Simulation of Mesoscale Convective Systems and Anvil Clouds in the Tropical Western Pacific. J. Atmos. Sci. 70, 1104-1128, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0104.1 (2013). [BNL-97291-2013-JA]


Galletti, M. and Zrnic, D. S. Degree of Polarization at Simultaneous Transmit: Theoretical Aspects. IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lettrs 9, 383-387, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2170150 (2012). [BNL-97280-2012-JA]

Giangrande, S. E., Luke, E. P., and Kollias, P. Characterization of Vertical Velocity and Drop Size Distribution Parameters in Widespread Precipitation at ARM Facilities. J. Applied Meteorol. Climatol. 51, 380-391, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05000.1 (2012). [BNL-97157-2012-JA]

Huang, D., Zhao, C., Dunn, M., Dong, X., Mace, G. G., Jensen, M. P., Xie, S., and Liu, Y. An intercomparison of radar-based liquid cloud microphysics retrievals and implications for model evaluation studies. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 1409-1424, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1409-2012 (2012). [BNL-98298-2012-JA]

Li, Z., Zhang, Y., and Giangrande, S. E. Rainfall-Rate Estimation Using Gaussian Mixture Parameter Estimator: Training and Validation. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 731-744, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00122.1 (2012). [BNL-97293-2012-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., and Vogelmann, A. M. Lateral Entrainment Rate in Shallow Cumuli: Dependence on dry air sources and probability density functions. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L20812, doi:10.1029/2012GL053646 (2012). [BNL-98450-2012-JA]

Lu, C., Liu, Y., Niu, S., and Vogelmann, A. M. Observed Impacts of Vertical Velocity on Cloud Microphysics and Implications for Aerosol Indirect Effects. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L21808, doi:10.1029/2012GL053599 (2012). [BNL-98451-2012-JA]

Mülmenstädt, J., Lubin, D., Russell, L. M., and Vogelmann, A. M. Cloud Properties over the North Slope of Alaska: Identifying the Prevailing Meteorological Regimes. J. Climate 25, 8238-8258, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00636.1 (2012). [BNL-99682-2013-JA]

Remillard, J., Kollias, P., Luke, E., and Wood, R. Marine Boundary Layer Cloud Observations in the Azores. J. Clim. 25, 7381-7398, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00610.1 (2012). [BNL-98829-2012-JA]

Van Weverberg, K., van Lipzig, N. P. M., Delobbec, L., and Vogelmann, A. M. The role of precipitation size distributions in km-scale NWP simulations of intense precipitation: Evaluation of cloud properties and surface precipitation. Q. J. Royal Meteorol. Soc., online, doi:10.1002/qj.1933 (2012). [BNL-97296-2012-JA]

Van Weverberg, K., Vogelmann, A. M., Morrison, H., and Milbrandt, J. Sensitivity of idealized squall line simulations to the level of complexity used in two two-moment bulk microphysics schemes. Mon. Weather Rev. 140, 1883-1907, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00120.1 (2012). [BNL-95332-2011-JA]

Vogelmann, A. M., McFarquhar, G. M., Ogren, J. A., Turner, D. D., Comstock, J. M., Feingold, G., Long, C. N., Jonsson, H. H., Bucholtz, A., Collins, D. R., Diskin, G. S., Gerber, H., Lawson, R. P., Woods, R. K., Andrews, E., Yang, H.-J., Chiu, J. C., Hartsock, D., Hubbe, J. M., Lo, C., Marshak, A., Monroe, J. W., McFarlane, S. A., Schmid, B., Tomlinson, J. M., and Toto, T. RACORO extended-term, aircraft observations of boundary-layer clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 861-878, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1 (2012). [BNL-96781-2012-JA]

Zhao, C., Xie, S., Klein, S. A., Protat, A., Shupe, M. D., McFarlane, S. A., Comstock, J. M., Delanoë, J., Deng, M., Dunn, M., Hogan, R. J., Huang, D., Jensen, M. P., Mace, G. G., McCoy, R., O’Connor, E. J., Turner, D. D., and Wang, Z. Toward understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM ground-based measurements. J. Geophys. Res. 117, D10206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016792 (2012). [BNL-98106-2012-JA]


Bartholomew, M. J., Reynolds, R. M., Vogelmann, A. M., Min, Q., Edwards, R., and Smith, S. Design of a Shadowband Spectral Radiometer for the Retrieval of Thin Cloud Optical Depth, Liquid Water Path, and the Effective Radius. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 28, 1458-1465, doi:10.1175/jtech-d-11-00039.1 (2011). [BNL-96142-2012-JA]

Kollias, P., Rémillard, J., Luke, E., and Szyrmer, W. Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D13201, doi:10.1029/2010JD015237 (2011). [BNL-96220-2011-JA]

Kollias, P., Szyrmer, W., Rémillard, J., and Luke, E. Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical modeling of drizzle evolution. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D13203, doi:10.1029/2010JD015238 (2011). [BNL-96221-2011-JA]

Liu, Y., Wu, W., Jensen, M. P., and Toto, T. Relationship between cloud radiative forcing, cloud fraction and cloud albedo, and new surface-based approach for determining cloud albedo. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 7155-7170 (2011). [BNL-94631-2011-JA]

Lubin, D., and A. M. Vogelmann. The influence of mixed‐phase clouds on surface shortwave irradiance during the Arctic spring. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00T05, doi:10.1029/2011JD015761 (2011). [BNL-96898-2012-JA]

Yin, B., Min, Q., Duan, M., Bartholomew, M. J., Vogelmann, A. M., and Turner, D. D. Retrievals of cloud optical depth and effective radius from Thin-Cloud Rotating Shadowband Radiometer measurements. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23208, doi:10.1029/2011JD016192 (2011). [BNL-96897-2012-JA]