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Hard X-ray Spectroscopy

Visualizing and controlling the structure and chemistry of materials during processing and energy conversion

Contact:Ron Pindak, Interim Program Manager(631) 344-7529

The Hard X-ray Spectroscopy Program at Brookhaven Lab’s National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) offers world-class capabilities for studying the complex science of energy conversion and energy storage. The program provides a wide range of spectroscopy tools in the soft, tender, and hard x-ray energy range that can be simultaneously merged with diffraction techniques.

The program’s scientific focus is energy conversion and energy storage, including battery research, catalysis and fuel cells, and materials growth.

Program Beamlines


Inner Shell Spectroscopy

The ISS beamline offers researchers highly advanced tools for studying chemical processes under operando conditions and material growth in situ. The beamline’s high photon flux and broad-band hard x-rays offer optimal conditions for studying energy storage, energy conversion, and catalysis. The expertise of the beamline staff and instrumentation is well-aligned with battery research, electro and heterogeneous catalysis, and materials growth.


Quick X-Ray Absorption and Scattering

The QAS beamline is optimized for characterizing the complex chemical behavior of crystalline and amorphous materials with sub-second time resolution. By combining x-ray spectroscopy with x-ray powder diffraction and optical spectroscopy, QAS serves a wide range of communities in chemistry, materials science, energy conversion, and energy storage. .

7-ID-1 SST-1
7-ID-2 SST-2

Spectroscopy Soft and Tender 1, 2

Beamlines SST-1 and SST-2 offer x-ray spectroscopy, imaging, and scattering techniques for studying the behavior and properties of soft matter, hard matter, and compound materials that can be used for energy storage, energy conversion, and electronics. SST-1 and SST-2 provide a wide range of x-ray absorption and spectroscopy experimental techniques and detectors, combined with two beams of soft and tender x-rays.


Beamline for Materials Measurement

BMM offers capabilities in x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction for studying materials for important societal challenges in energy, health, environment, and national security. With its high-intensity photon flux and its two diverse experimental setups, BMM helps scientists unlock the mysteries of hard matter materials for battery research and electro catalysis using state-of-the-art experimental equipment.

Our Partners

With the goal of "seeing" detailed views of chemical reactions, NSLS-II has partnered with the National Institute of Standards and Technologies (NIST) to develop and operate the SST-1, SST-2, and BMM beamlines.

Beamline 8-ID at NSLS-II, where ultra-bright x-ray light is used to "see" the chemical complexity of new catalytic materials.

First user at the BMM beamline. BMM was constructed and is operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).