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NSLS-II User Guide

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Beamlines available for proposals

September – December 2018 Cycle

General User (GU) Proposals are for scientists that require beam time on beamlines that routinely support the technique needed for their experiment. General User proposals are valid for one year (3 beam time cycles).

In these early years of NSLS-II, new beamlines capabilities are continually being implemented. This might include commissioning a new beamline, technique, endstation, hardware, and/or software. An essential part of this process involves engagement of the scientific community in user-assisted commissioning of these capabilities. In the past, a separate proposal type (i.e. Science Commissioning proposal) was required.  However, beginning in September 2017, the request for “science commissioning” beam time will be submitted through the General User proposal.

Listed below are the General User and Science Commissioning capabilities that will be available for the upcoming cycle. If a user wishes his/her proposal to be considered for science commissioning beam time based on a new capability specifically requested below by the beamline staff for this cycle, this should be addressed in the General User proposal. In addition, all users interested in science commissioning are required to consult with the lead beamline scientist prior to submission of the proposal.

For more information, see the Guide to Proposal Types.

Technique available for GU proposals Technique available for science commissioning

Soft Inelastic X-ray Scattering (SIX)

Contact: Ignace Jarrige

Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering in the 180-2000 eV energy range, medium energy resolution mode. Liquid helium flow cryostat available.

Hard X-ray Nanoprobe (HXN)

Contact: Yong Chu

2D Scanning X-ray fluorescence imaging with a minimum beam size of 12 nm with an energy range of 12-16 keV (using multilayer Laue lenses).

2D XANES imaging with a minimum beam size of 12 nm with an energy range of 12-17 keV (using multilayer Laue lenses).

2D and 3D scanning X-ray fluorescence imaging with a minimum beam size of 50 nm with an energy range of 6-12 keV (using a zone plate).

2D XANES imaging with a minimum beam size of 50 nm with an energy range of 6-12 keV (using a zone plate).

2D Scanning X-ray Bragg diffraction imaging (i.e. nanodiffraction) with a minimum beam size of 50 nm with an energy range of 8-12 keV (using a zone plate). The measurement is limited to a single reflection from single crystalline sample with a well-defined crystal orientation.

Transmission X-ray ptychography with an energy range of 6-17 keV.

Bragg CDI/Ptychography on single crystal samples. Strong emphasis is on developing analysis software.

In-situ and multimodality imaging. Strong emphasis is on developing new in-situ capabilities.

X-ray Fluorescence Microprobe (XFM)

Contact: Ryan Tappero

X-ray Fluorescence Imaging with 5 - 10 micron beam

Micro-XAFS Spectroscopy with 5 - 10 micron beam (6 - 18 keV)

Micro-EXAFS Spectroscopy (extended energy scanning) with 10 micron beam (7 – 14 keV)

Development of in-situ flow cells and microfluidic devices

Development of a cryostage for XFM and micro-XAFS Spectroscopy

Integrated In-situ and Resonant Hard X-ray Studies (ISR)

Contact: Christie Nelson

Single-crystal resonant x-ray scattering with hard X-rays (6-23 keV)

In-situ studies of materials growth with hard x-rays (8-23 keV), optional use of gas flow control and handling capabilities for non-hazardous gases, optional secondary focusing with <20 micron beam

Submicron Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy (SRX)

Contact: Juergen Thieme

X-ray Fluorescence Imaging with a beam size of 1 μm

XANES Spectroscopy with a beam size of 1 μm

Development of In-situ capabilities. Strong emphasis on hardware development

Development of advanced imaging/spectroscopy capabilities. Experiments leading to multimodal imaging or enhancement of imaging/spectroscopy capabilities in terms of resolution or sensitivity

Materials Measurement (BMM)

Contact: Bruce Ravel

Step scanning XAFS

Energy range: 4.5 keV to 23 keV

Unfocused beam size: 20 mm x 5 mm / focused beam size: about 300 microns

Transmission XAFS, fluorescence EXAFS with a four-element Si-drift detector

X-ray diffraction on modified Huber psi diffractometer:

XRD sample space- limited to ~10 mm height, motorized z translation range of 13 mm

XRD detectors- APD, Si(111) or Ge(111) analyzer, possibly Pilatus 100K and Mythen, but not guaranteed

Quick X-ray Absorption and Scattering (QAS)

Contact: Steve Ehrlich

XAFS in Transmission mode

XAFS in Fluorescence mode

Spectroscopy Soft and Tender (SST-1)

Contact: Cherno Jaye

NEXAFS Spectroscopy in partial and total electron yield modes with a minimum beam size of 30 µm and an energy range of 100 – 2200 eV

NEXAFS Spectroscopy in fluorescence yield mode with a minimum beam size of 30 µm and an energy range of 100 – 2200 eV

NEXAFS imaging with a 20 mm x 20 mm beam size and an energy range of 100 – 2200 eV

Spectroscopy Soft and Tender (SST-1)

Contact: Conan Weiland

Hard X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (2.0 - 7.5 keV) with fixed photon energy

Tender Energy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Imaging (TES)

Contact: Paul Northrup

X-ray Fluorescence Microprobe XANES, EXAFS, and elemental XRF imaging in ROI/Scaler mode (partial fluorescence yield), with a beam size user-tunable from approximately 3 x 3 to 15 x 25 µm, 2-6 keV energy range, helium sample environment, room temperature

In-situ electrochemistry under the above parameters

Development of in-situ or special sample cells, geometries

Extending energy range lower than 2 keV; consult beamline staff to discuss possibilities

Inner-Shell Spectroscopy (ISS)

Contact: Klaus Attenkofer

EXAFS in transmission and total fluorescence mode

operando experiments in the field of fuel-cell and battery research

heterogeneous catalysis with diluted gases (up to 2 bar gas pressure and with non-flammable, non-toxic, and non-explosion dilution limit)

partial fluorescence XAS

heterogeneous catalysis with concentrated gases

high throughput experiments (ex-situ EXAFS in transmission and total fluorescence mode)

modulation spectroscopy

Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS)

Contact: Yong Cai

Inelastic X-ray scattering with an energy resolution of ~2.0 meV with Gaussian-like tails and a momentum resolution of up to 0.2 nm-1. Available sample environments include low temperature cryostat to 5 K, humidity (up to 97.5%) and temperature (20 – 50 deg C) controlled chamber for biological materials, and Linkam hotstage (up to 420 deg C) for polymers or other soft materials.

Eulerian cradle and low-temperature sample environment (to 2 K).

Diamond anvil cell integrated with cryostat (to 20 K).

Complex Materials Scattering (CMS)

Contact: Masa Fukuto

Small-angle X-ray scattering (transmission or grazing-incidence)

Wide-angle X-ray scattering (transmission or grazing-incidence)

High-throughput measurements for capillaries or bulk films (SAXS/WAXS) or thin films (GISAXS/GIWAXS), based on robotic sample handling (room temperature)

X-ray reflectivity for solid surfaces

Commissioning of shear stage for in situ transmission SAXS/WAXS on films or viscous fluid under shear stress

Coherent Hard X-ray Scattering (CHX)

Contact: Andrei Fluerasu

X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy

Coherent Small-Angle X-ray Scattering

Coherent Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (c-WAXS)

Soft Matter Interfaces (SMI)

Contact: Mikhail Zhernenkov

Time-resolved (GI)SAXS/WAXS for samples in vacuum in the 6.5-24 keV energy range: low divergence and microfocusing (vertical beam < 3 mm) modes

Time-resolved (GI)SAXS/WAXS for samples in vacuum in the tender x-ray range, 2.05-6.5 keV: low divergence mode

Time-resolved (GI)SAXS/WAXS for samples in vacuum in the tender x-ray range, 2.05-6.5 keV: microfocusing (vertical beam < 3 mm)

Life Sciences X-ray Scattering (LiX)

Contact: Lin Yang

Static solution scattering

Solution scattering with in-line size exclusion chromatography

micro-beam diffraction with a beam size of 5 μm or smaller

Biological X-Ray Footprinting & Spectroscopy (XFP)

Contact: Erik Farquhar

Steady-state Footprinting (capillary flow)

High-throughput (low volume, liquid or frozen state) X-ray Footprinting

In vivo Footprinting

Time-resolved X-ray Footprinting

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (5-16 keV, unfocused)

Automated Macromolecular Crystallography (AMX)

Contact: Jean Jakoncic

Macromolecular crystallography with a beam size of 8x6 mm, an energy range of 5–18 keV, automatic specimen handling, and data collection with an Eiger 9M detector at framing rates up to 238 Hz.

Automated/Unattended data collection for single crystals of 50 microns and up.

Frontier Macromolecular Crystallography (FMX)

Contact: Martin Fuchs

Macromolecular micro-crystallography with a beam size of 1 x 1.5 µm to 10 x 10 µm, energy range from 5 to 30 keV, and sample mounting automation. The Eiger 16M detector supports rapid data collection at rates of 133 Hz for a full frame and 750 Hz for a 4M region.

Multi-crystal crystallography and fixed target scanning serial crystallography

Room temperature serial crystallography with a high viscosity extrusion jet

Full Field X-ray Imaging (FXI)

Contact: Wah-Keat Lee

Absorption based transmission x-ray microscopy tomography at 30 nm spatial resolution and 20-40 mm field of view. 6-10 keV.

Biological Microdiffraction Facility (NYX)

Contact: Dieter Schneider

Macromolecular crystallography with a beam size of 10 x 10 µm, an energy range of 6–18 keV, manual specimen exchange, and data collection with an ADSC HF-4M pixel array detector at framing rates up to 25 Hz.

Automatic specimen handling

Electron Spectro-Microscopy (ESM)

Contact: Elio Vescovo (ARPES) or Jurek Sadowski (XPEEM)

ESM is a soft X-ray beamline covering the energy range 15-1500 eV. Sources are two in-line EPUs: EPU57 and EPU105. The monochromator is a VLS-PGM design. Downstream the mono, the beam can be sent into either one of two end-stations, dedicated to high-resolution ARPES (branch 1) and PEEM microscopy (branch 2)

Branch 1: ARPES: DA30, T = 8 K, ΔE = 15 meV, spot_size = 20 μm

Branch 2: XPEEM: AC-Elmitec III, PEEM, LEEM, μ-LEED, μ-ARPES

Micro-spot Absorption/Photoemission (μ-XAS , μ-XPS, μ-ARPES)

Frontier Synchrotron Infrared Spectroscopy (FIS)

Contact: Larry Carr

Globar based high pressure infrared spectroscopy and microspectroscopy

Coherent Soft X-ray Scattering (CSX-1)

Contact: Stuart Wilkins

X-ray Scattering, Coherent

X-ray Scattering, magnetic

X-ray Scattering, resonant

Zone Plate based nano-diffraction


Surface soft X-ray scattering

Coherent Diffraction Imaging

In Situ and Operando Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy (IOS)

Contact: Ira Waluyo

Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of UHV compatible solid samples in partial fluorescence yield and total electron yield detection modes

XAS using solid state electrochemical cell

Pair Distribution Function (PDF)

Contact: Milinda Abeykoon

Nominal beam size = 0.5 x 0.5 mm

X-ray energy ~ 75 keV

X-ray Pair Distribution Function (PDF) measurements; Qmax = 28 A-1

Wide Angle X-ray Powder diffraction using 200 X 200 micron pixel PerkinElmer area detector [sample-to-detector distance in the range 204 - 3000 mm]

Fast exchangeability between PDF and Wide Angle X-ray Powder diffraction setups during measurements.

Available sample environments: 80 - 500 K cryostream, 5 – 500 K Liquid He cryostat.

0-5 Tesla superconducting magnet coupled to 5 – 500 K Liquid He cryostat

X-ray Powder Diffraction (XPD)

Contact: Eric Dooryhee

Nominal beam size = 0.60 x 0.20 mm

Monochromatic beam, energy range = 40-70 keV (tunable)

X-ray Powder Diffraction using a large area (2k x 2k pixels) detector (200 µm pixel), distance to sample can be varied

X-ray Pair Distribution Function measurements using a second large area (2k x 2k pixels) detector (200 µm pixel) with varying distance to sample - Qmax is 27 Angstrom-1

Small Angle X-ray Scattering for detecting particles and precipitates smaller than 100nm

Flat plate or capillary samples, transmission (recommended) and reflection geometries

High-throughput, capillary measurements using a robotic arm

Available sample cells include: Linkam flat plate furnace (RT- 1500°C); gas flow cell with flexible coil heater for capillaries(RT-1000 C); cryostream (80K - 500K); He cryostat (10K – 500K); high pressure system with syringe pump (max. 150 bar) and manifold for user-custom cells and a simple cell with Kapton capillary (Max pressure 100 bar); capillary heater (up to 650°C) in vertical position; quadrupole lamp furnace for XRD only (RT-1,800C) with user-supplied capillaries.

Multi-Anvil Cell, that consists of an 1100-ton hydraulic press with DIA, Deformation-DIA, T-25 (Kawai-style multi-anvil), and the novel functional Deformation-T-25 compressional module

Modulation Enhanced Diffraction e.g., using gases and electric field

Germanium microstrip detector

Diamond Anvil High Pressure Cell ( Max ~40 GPa)

Reactor for microwave-assisted synthesis