Brookhaven’s current light source — the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) — is one of the world’s most widely used scientific facilities. Each year, 2,200 researchers from 400 universities, government laboratories, and companies use its bright beams of x-rays, ultraviolet light, and infrared light for research in such fields as biology, medicine, chemistry, environmental sciences, physics, and materials science. The scientific productivity of the NSLS user community is very high and has widespread impact, with more than 900 publications per year, many in premier scientific journals.
Though the current NSLS has been continually updated since its commissioning in 1982, today the practical limits of machine performance have been reached. Meeting the critical scientific challenges of our energy future will require advanced new capabilities that NSLS-II will uniquely provide.
NSLS-II will be a new state-of-the-art, medium-energy electron storage ring (3 billion electron-volts) designed to deliver world-leading intensity and brightness, and will produce x-rays more than 10,000 times brighter than the current NSLS. The superlative character and combination of capabilities will have broad impact on a wide range of disciplines and scientific initiatives, including the National Institutes of Health’s structural genomics initiative, DOE’s Genomics:GTL initiative, and the federal nanoscience initiative.
The facility will be a key resource for researchers at Brookhaven’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials, allowing for analysis of new materials that are expected to transform the nation’s energy future. Construction of the NSLS-II’s ring building began in March 2009. If plans are carried through as proposed, the new facility will begin operating in 2015.
In 2009, NSLS-II received $150 million in accelerated funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. During its construction, the project is expected to create more than 1,000 construction and 300 scientific and engineering jobs. When operating, NSLS-ll will support more than 500 permanent positions.
Research at NSLS-II will focus on some of our most important challenges at the nanoscale:
NSLS-II will image highly reactive gold nanoparticles inside porous hosts and under real reaction conditions. This will lead to new materials that use sunlight to split water for hydrogen production and harvest solar energy with high efficiency and low cost.
NSLS-II will allow scientists to observe fundamental properties with nanometer-scale resolution and atomic sensitivity. For example, new electronic materials that scale beyond silicon could be used to make faster, lessexpensive, energy-efficient electronics.
NSLS-II will enable scientists to understand how to create large-scale, hierarchical structures from nanometer-scale building blocks, mimicking nature to assemble nanomaterials into useful devices more simply and economically.
NSLS-II will allow scientists to study how materials become high-temperature superconductors, and may lead to materials that allow super-efficient electricity transmission at room temperature.