Brookhaven National Laboratory is committed to supporting education and developing the next generation of scientists and engineers in a variety of fields. Brookhaven offers a number of opportunities in the Nuclear Security and Safeguards field.
This textbook is an excellent resource for students and others interested in learning about international safeguards in general or looking up specific topics. It is available for download free of charge.
August 3 – 14, 2020
This summer course is designed to give students a sound understanding of the framework created by the international community to address the threats of nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism. The focus is on the central element of this regime, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and its verification mechanism, the IAEA safeguards system.
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Graduate Fellowship Program (NGFP) identifies and develops the next generation of exceptional national security leaders to achieve the NNSA mission: Strengthening our nation through nuclear security. NGFP is administered for NNSA by PNNL only. However, many current and previous NGFP-ers have been BNL employees, interns or NNSS students. BNL has been a successful conduit into, and landing pad after, the program. (Dan Johnson, Katherine Bachner and Dawn Verdugo all came to BNL after NGFP; Sidra Zia and Jack Dishner both did NGFP after internships or employment at BNL's NNS Department; BNL also we have had several NNSS students go on to successfully obtain slots in NGFP, often with BNL letters of recommendation.).
The Consortium for Monitoring, Technology, and Verification's (MTV) mission is to develop new technologies that detect and deter nuclear proliferation activities and to train the next generation of nuclear professionals. Thrust Areas include:
- Fundamentals of nuclear and particle physics. Contact: Milind Diwan
- Signals and source terms for nuclear nonproliferation. Contact Giuseppe Camarda
- Nuclear explosion monitoring. Contact Giuseppe Camarda
- Cross-cutting areas of MTV will include: (1) modeling and simulation, (2) nuclear policy, and (3) education and outreach. Contact Giuseppe Camarda
The core mission of the Consortium for Enabling Technologies and Innovation (ETI) is to direct the multidisciplinary research and innovation that enable the technologies to train the next-generation of human capital, and to bridge the gap between the university basic research and NNSA national laboratories’ mission-specific applications. Thrust Areas include:
- Computer & Engineering Sciences for Nonproliferation. Contact Michael DePhillips
- Advanced Manufacturing for Nonproliferation. Contact: Milind Diwan
- Novel Instrumentation for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Monitoring. Contact Biays Bowerman or Shawn Serbin (focus: biota)
DNN R&D (NA-22) funded projects
Contact Giuseppe Camarda for more information.
NBSR M3 – Reactor Conversion Program
TThe NBSR Reactor of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), based in Gaithersburg, Maryland, is a research reactor designed for neutron beam science and uses Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) fuel (U3O8 dispersed in Al). The NBSR HEU fuel elements each have 34 plates in two axial segments of 17 plates each. Each plate is slightly curved. The number of elements loaded on the core grid plate is flexible in principle, but fixed by experimental mission needs. Thus, there are 30 fuel elements at various burnup states in the core. Each fuel element is shuffled, rotated during its lifetime in order to utilize the uranium in the elements and to control power peaking. The scope of the project includes all activities necessary to convert the NBSR reactor from HEU fuel to LEU fuel. The primary focus of these activities in FY18 are:
- Completion of the NBSR Transition Plan Analysis
- NBSR Preliminary Design Verification (NQA-1)
- NBSR Design Parameters Update
- NBSR Release Spec and Drawings for Initial Element Trials
- NBSR Reactor Conversion TFR
AIT - Water-based Liquid Scintillator (WbLS) (Active)
Water-based liquid scintillator (WbLS) is a new generation of scintillation liquid developed for largescale scintillator detectors in application for a variety of nuclear detections. The principal of water-based liquid scintillator is to bridge organic scintillating materials and water using surfactants to form scintillation solutions ranging from almost pure water to almost pure organic scintillator dependent on the detector needs. In addition to co-mix scintillator and water over a wide range of compositions, WbLS also provides a new approach to load inorganic metallic ions from aqueous solution directly into any organic scintillators to enhance detector sensitivity and expand physics reach for a wide range of particle interactions with good photon yield and high optical transparency. This project will make use of a test-bed, the Advanced Instrumentation Testbed (AIT), to explore the practice of water-based liquid scintillator as an antineutrino detection medium, and to permit investigation of advanced antineutrino-based, stand-off methods to improve sensitivity to the existence and operation of nuclear reactors. The main subject of this Lifecycle Plan is to investigate the feasibility, in terms of formulation, characterization, production and deployment, of several kilotons of WbLS in the planned WATCHMAN, the WATer CHerenkov Monitor of AntiNeutrinos, detector at the Boulby Underground Laboratory, U.K. The developing technologies associated with the operation of this LCP could have other implications in nuclear and particle physics, safeguard, and medical physics.
Silicon Alpha Detector for DARPA ICONS neutron generator
Fast-neutron radiography and tomography using Associated Particle Imaging (API) Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) neutron generators are currently under investigation for various end-use applications within the NNSA mission space. Advancements to API D-T neutron generator technology are necessary to realize practical applicability to these end-use applications. These advancements require higher neutron emission rates and improved timing and position resolution from an alpha detector. Users of API D-T neutron generators would benefit directly from the advanced alpha detector potentially realized with this project.
Proliferation Interests Detected using Hidden Network Surveillance
The goal of this project is to use streaming data analysis, built on software defined networks to gather intelligence regarding a nation's nuclear ambitions. Network traffic destined for the largest public repository of nuclear data of cross sections and structure should be monitored silently, efficiently and in real time without running reports on user activity which is outside the scope of the repositories mission. There are several ways to monitor a network, using SDNs, however, offer compute capabilities to perform the needed tasks of directly identifying suspect traffic and can copy, encrypt and package the data for deeper analysis, identifying trends and intent. SDNs are also scalable regarding data flow and compute functions run on commodity hardware providing a robust alternative to intrusion detection or conventional network monitoring. It is interesting to the proliferation community if certain countries inquire about scientific principles supporting proliferation. With SDNs actual computational analysis can occur on the network providing binning, flagging to alert stakeholders with minimal false positives, producing reportable and potentially actionable intelligence.
Nuclear Forensic Science Plan
This project is this lab's activities to develop one or more nuclear forensics science plans, in concert with other lab partners, in preparation for one or more Ventures or Multi-Lab projects in FY 2021.
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