General Lab Information

Nikhil Tiwale

Scientific Associate - Nanofabrication Facility, Electronic Nanomaterials, Center for Functional Nanomaterials

Nikhil Tiwale

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Bldg. 735, Room 1021
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-3782
(631) 992-2814

Nikhil is a Materials scientist adept in lithography & nanofabrication with 9+ years of hands-on experience in cleanroom-based processing; materials & device characterization.

Expertise | Research | Education | Appointments | Publications | Highlights | Awards


  • Micro/Nano-fabrication - Electron Beam Lithography, Photolithography
  • Atomic layer deposition (ALD) & infiltration synthesis
  • Oxide/hybrid semiconductors & dielectrics
  • (Opto)electronic devices & sensors

Research Activities

Lithography-based nanostructuring & hybridization for enhancing materials & devices
  • Infiltration synthesis of hybrid resists for high-fidelity nanolithography
  • Scalable direct-write fabrication processes for nano(opto)electronic devices & sensors


Ph.D., University of Cambridge, UK (2017)
  • Engineering - Solid State Electronics and Nanoscale Science
  • Dissertation: Zinc oxide nanowire field-effect transistors for sensor applications [DOI: 10.17863/CAM.14429]
B.Tech. + M.Tech., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India (2012)
  • Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science | Specialization – Ceramics and Composites
  • Dissertation: Multi-point optical curvature measurement setup

Professional Appointments

Center for Functional Nanomaterials | Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Scientific Associate III (Sept. 2021 - Present)
  • Research Associate (Mar. 2018 - Sept. 2021)
Adaptix Ltd
  • Silicon Process Engineer (Oct. 2017 – Mar. 2018)
Nanoscience Centre | University of Cambridge
  • Cleanroom Equipment Instructor (Apr. 2014 – May 2017)

Selected Publications

  • Saifullah MSM, Tiwale N, Ganesan R (2022) Review of metal-containing resists in electron beam lithography: perspectives for extreme ultraviolet patterning. Journal of Micro/Nanopatterning, Materials, and Metrology 21:.
  • Subramanian A, Tiwale N, Kisslinger K, Nam C (2022) Reduced Stochastic Resistive Switching in Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Memristors by Vapor-Phase Infiltration. Advanced Electronic Materials 2200172.
  • Subramanian A, Tiwale N, Lee W-I, Nam C-Y (2021) Templating Functional Materials Using Self-Assembled Block Copolymer Thin-Film for Nanodevices. Frontiers in Nanotechnology 3:.
  • Dai Z, Gao Z, Pershoguba SS, et al (2021) Quantum-Well Bound States in Graphene Heterostructure Interfaces. Physical Review Letters 127:.
  • Zhou Y, Tiwale N, Yin Y, et al (2021) Effects of polymer grain boundary passivation on organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite field-effect transistors. Applied Physics Letters 119:183303.
  • Tiwale N, Senanayak SP, Rubio-Lara J, et al (2021) Solution-Processed High-Performance ZnO Nano-FETs Fabricated with Direct-Write Electron-Beam-Lithography-Based Top-Down Route. Advanced Electronic Materials 7:2000978.
  • Tiwale N, Subramanian A, Freychet G, et al (2021) Hybrid resist synthesis by ex-situ vapor-phase infiltration of metal oxides into conventional organic resists. Advances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXVIII.
  • Tiwale N, Subramanian A, Dai Z, et al (2020) Large mobility modulation in ultrathin amorphous titanium oxide transistors. Communications Materials 1:.
  • Tiwale N, Subramanian A, Kisslinger K, et al (2020) Infiltration synthesis of hybrid nanocomposite resists for advanced nanolithography. Advances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXVII.
  • Subramanian A, Tiwale N, Doerk G, et al (2019) Enhanced Hybridization and Nanopatterning via Heated Liquid-Phase Infiltration into Self-Assembled Block Copolymer Thin Films. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12:1444–1453.
  • Tiwale N, Subramanian A, Kisslinger K, et al (2019) Advancing next generation nanolithography with infiltration synthesis of hybrid nanocomposite resists. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 7:8803–8812.
  • Tiwale N, Senanayak SP, Rubio-Lara J, et al (2019) Optimization of Transistor Characteristics and Charge Transport in Solution Processed ZnO Thin Films Grown from Zinc Neodecanoate. Electronic Materials Letters 15:702–711.
  • Subramanian A, Tiwale N, Nam C-Y (2018) Review of Recent Advances in Applications of Vapor-Phase Material Infiltration Based on Atomic Layer Deposition. JOM 71:185–196.
  • Aziz A, Tiwale N, Hodge SA, et al (2018) Core–Shell Electrospun Polycrystalline ZnO Nanofibers for Ultra-Sensitive NO2 Gas Sensing. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10:43817–43823.
  • Tan EKW, Rughoobur G, Rubio-Lara J, et al (2018) Nanofabrication of Conductive Metallic Structures on Elastomeric Materials. Scientific Reports 8:.
  • Tiwale N (2015) Zinc oxide nanowire gas sensors: fabrication, functionalisation and devices. Materials Science and Technology 31:1681–1697.

Research Highlights

Patents and records of inventions
  • “Quantum-Well Bound States in Graphene Heterostructure Interfaces”, U.S. Provisional Patent Application, 63/331799, April 2022
  • “Metal-oxide infiltrated organic-inorganic hybrid resistive random-access memory (ReRAM) devices”, BNL Record of Invention, June 2021 | U.S. Provisional Patent Application 63/217367, July 2021
  • “Substrates for optical and electron spectro-microscopy characterization of 2D materials”, BNL Record of Invention, June 2021
  • “Inorganic Infiltrated Polymer Hybrid Thin Film Resists for Advanced Lithography”, BNL Record of Invention, March 2019 | U.S. Provisional Patent Application 62/814,633, March 2019 | U.S. Provisional Patent Application 62/853,783, May 2019 | U.S. Patent Application 16/808661 filed March 4th, 2020
Media Coverage

Awards & Recognition

  • Best poster award -2nd place at 2022 EUVL Workshop & Supplier Showcase (virtual)
  • SPIE Advanced Lithography + Patterning 2021 C. Grant Willson Best Paper Award
  • Work included in the Top-10 Areas of Amazing Science at Brookhaven Lab, 2021
  • Top 100 entry in Create the Future 2020 Design Contest, Tech Brief Media Group, Dec. 2020
  • Winner of the Poster Presentation Session (NSLS-II and CFN Users' Meeting 2019)
  • Outstanding Oral Presentation Award (Early Career Research Symposium 2018)
  • Cambridge-India Partnership Scholarship by Cambridge Trusts, United Kingdom, 2012-15
  • National Talent Search Exam (NTSE) Scholarship, India, 2004
Nikhil Tiwale

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Bldg. 735, Room 1021
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, NY 11973-5000

(631) 344-3782
(631) 992-2814

Nikhil's Links