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Xiao Tong

Staff Scientist | Interface Science and Catalysis


  • Surface chemistry and Surface physics
  • Nano-scale fabrication, manipulation, self-assembly, and characterization of surface nanostructures
  • Catalysis by supported size/mass/composition- selected nanoclusters
  • 2D electrical transport
  • UHV-Scanning probe microscopy, Photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES/XPS)

CFN Research Activities

Xiao Tong has been conducting research in the fields of surface science, nanoscience and model catalysis mainly utilizing UHV- Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Photoelectron Spectroscopy. His research has focused on nano-scale fabrication, manipulation, and self-assembly of surface nanostructures, and atomic-scale characterization of geometric and electronic structures of surfaces and nanostructures, as well as nanostructure-property relationships, such as catalysis by supported nanoclusters and electron transport in surface superstructures.


  • Ph.D. in Physics, Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Japan
    • Dissertation Title: Atomic / Electronic Structures and Surface-State Electrical Conduction of Si(111)-√21x√21-Ag, Au, Cu Surfaces
  • M.S. in Condensed Matter Physics, Department of Physics, Jilin University, China
    • Dissertation Title: Structure and Electronic Properties of CdS Nanocrystals Tuned by High Static Pressure

Professional Appointments

  • Staff Scientist, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Associate Specialist, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Visiting Research Fellow, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Group,  Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, National Research Council of Canada
  • Special Research Fellow of Basic Science Program, Semiconductors Laboratory, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Japan

Selected Publications & Research Highlights

  • T. Goh, J.S. Huang, K.G. Yager, M.Y. Sfeir, C.Y. Nam, X. Tong, L.M. Guard, Quaternary Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Cocrystalline Squaraines with Power Conversion Efficiencies> 10%, Advanced Energy Materials 6 (21), 1614-6832, (2016). [DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201600660]
  • G. Doubek, R. C. Sekol, J. Li, E. Moy, S. Nejati, W. C. Reid, M. Carmo, M. Linardi, E. Kinser,Y. Liu, X. Tong , C. O. Osuji, J. Schroers, S. Mukherjee, A. D. Taylor, Guided Evolution of Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures: A Platform for Designing Three-Dimensional Electrocatalytic Surfaces, Advanced Materials, 28 (10):1940–1949, (2016). [DOI: 10.1002/adma.201504504]
  • Atikur Rahman, Ahsan Ashraf, Huolin Xin, Xiao Tong, Peter Sutter, Matthew D. Eisaman, and Charles T. Black , Sub-50-nm self-assembled nanotextures for enhanced broadband antireflection in silicon solar cells,  Nature Communications 6 (2015).
  • N. Cai, X. Tong, G.W. Zhou, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study of the passivation of NiAl(100) by water vapor, Langmuir 30 (3), 774-783 (2014).
  • E. Sutter, X. Tong, K. Jungjohann  and P. Sutter, Oxidation of nanoscale Au-In alloy particles as a possible route toward stable Au-based catalysts, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110 (26), 10519-24 (2013).