BNL Home

Huolin Xin

Staff Scientist | Electron Microscopy


Huolin Xin is a scientific staff member in the Center for Functional Nanomaterials at Brookhaven National Laboratory. His primary field of expertise lies in developing novel 3-D, atomic-resolution, and in situ spectroscopic and imaging tools to probe the structural, chemical, and bonding changes of energy materials during chemical reactions or under external stimuli. His research at Cornell and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab spans the areas from tomographic and atomic-resolution chemical imaging of fuel cell nanoparticles to in situ environmental study of heterogeneous catalysts, all maintaining a strong focus on nanocharacterization of energy materials. In 2008, 2010, 2011, and 2012, he received Distinguished Scholar Award, Castaing Award, and Presidential Scholar Award from professional EM societies. His research has resulted in more than 30 peer-reviewed publications and 1 pending patent, six of which have been reported and highlighted by national media agencies.



  • 05/2011 Ph.D., Cornell University, Dept.of Physics, Ithaca, NY
  • 07/2005 B.S., Peking University, Dept. of Physics, Beijing, China
  • 06/2004 Exchange student, HKUST, Dept. of Physics, Hong Kong


  • 04/2012 Presidential Post-Doctoral Award from Microscopy Society of America
  • 08/2011 Castaing Award from Microbeam Analysis Society
  • 07/2010 Castaing Award from Microbeam Analysis Society
  • 08/2008 Distinguished Scholar Award from Microbeam Analysis Society
  • 10/2011 First-author paper highlighted by Nat. Nanotech. and DOE press release
  • 06/2010 First-author paper reported by Materials360 and
  • 12/2009 First-author publication featured by the "Perspective" article in Science; also reported by C&E news, and Nature Chemistry
  • 08/2005 Cornell Walter Schonlenk Fellowship


Selected Publications & Research Highlights

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (of 40, H-index: 16)

(1) co-first author, * corresponding authors, bold names: group members)

1.    Surface Reconstruction and Chemical Evolution of LiNixMnxCo1-2xO2 Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries, Feng Lin, Isaac Markus, Dennis Nordlund, Tsu-Chien Weng, Mark Asta, H. L. Xin*, M. M. Doeff, Nature Communications, in press

2.    Phase Evolution for Conversion Reaction Electrodes in Lithium-ion Batteries, Feng Lin, Dennis Nordlund, Tsu-Chien Weng , Ye Zhu , Chunmei Ban , Ryan Richards, and H. L. Xin*, Nature Communications, 5, 3356.

3.    Is There a Stobbs Factor in Atomic-Resolution STEM-EELS Mapping?, H. L. Xin*, C Dwyer, DA Muller, Utramicroscopy, DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2014.01.006

4.    Structurally Ordered Intermetallic Platinum-Cobalt Core-Shell Nanoparticles with Enhanced Activity and Stability as Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts, D. Wang(1), H. L. Xin(1) et al, Nat. Mater., 12, 81 (2012)

5.    Visualizing the 3-D internal structure of calcite single crystals grown in agarose hydrogels, H. Li(1), H. L. Xin(1), D. A. Muller, L. Estroff, Science 326, 1244 (2009)

6.    A new spin on electron beams, H. L. Xin* and D. A. Muller, Nat. Nanotechnol., 5, 764 (2010)

7.    Highly Crystalline Multimetallic Nanoframes with Three-Dimensional Electrocatalytic Surfaces, C. Chen, et al, Science, 343, 1339 (2014)

8.    Block copolymer self-assembly directed single crystal homoepitaxial and heteroepitaxial nanostructures, H. Arora, et al, Science 330, 214 (2010)

9.    Scanning Confocal Electron Energy-Loss Microscopy Using Valence-Loss Signals, H. L. Xin*, et al, Microsc. and Microanal., doi: 10.1017/S1431927613001438 (2013)

10.  One-pot synthesis of carbon coated-SnO2/graphene-sheet nanocomposite with highly reversible lithium storage capability, J. Cheng, H. L. Xin, H. Zheng, B. Wang, J. of Power Sources, 232, 152 (2013)

11.  Visualization of Electrode-Electrolyte Interfaces in LiPF6/EC/DEC Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Batteries via In-Situ TEM, Z Zeng et al, Nano Letters, DOI:10.1021/nl403922u

12.  Selective Placement of Faceted Metal Tips on Semiconductor Nanorods, H Schlicke, et al, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 53 (3), 980 (2013)

13.  On-column 2p bound state with topological charge ±1 excited by an atomic-size vortex beam in an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope, H. L. Xin*, and Haimei Zheng, Microsc. and Microanal., 18, 711 (2012)

14.  In situ Observation of Oscillatory Growth of Bismuth Nanoparticles, H. L. Xin and Haimei Zheng, Nano Lett.,12, 1470 (2012)

15.  Revealing Correlation of Valence State with Nanoporous Structure in Cobalt Catalyst Nanoparticles by in situ Environmental TEM, H. L. Xin et al, ACS Nano, 6, 4241 (2012)

16.  Channeling of a subangstrom electron beam in a crystal mapped to two-dimensional molecular orbitals, Robert Hovden, H. L. Xin, D. A. Muller, Phys. Rev. B, 86 (19), 195415 (2012)

17.  Fano resonance in atomic-resolution spectroscopic imaging of solids, C. Dwyer, H. L. Xin, D. A. Muller, Phys. Rev. B 86 (9), 094119 (2012)

18.  Atomic-resolution spectroscopic imaging of ensembles of nanocatalyst particles across the life of a fuel cell, H. L. Xin et al, Nano Lett., 12, 490 (2011)

19.  3-D Tracking and Visualization of Hundreds of Pt-Co Fuel Cell Nanocatalysts During Electrochemical Aging, Y. Yu(1), H. L. Xin(1), Nano Lett., 12, 4417 (2012)

20.  SnS2 nanoparticle loaded graphene nanocomposites for superior energy storage, H. Li(1), H. L. Xin(1) et al, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 14, 6981 (2012)

21.  Determining On-Axis Crystal Thickness with Quantitative Position-Averaged Incoherent Bright-Field Signal in an Aberration-corrected STEM, H. L. Xin et al, Microsc. and Microanal., 18, 720 (2010)

22.  Pt-decorated PdCo@Pd/C core-shell nanoparticles with enhanced stability and electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction, D. Wang and H. L. Xin et al, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17664 (2010)

23.  Calcite prisms from mollusk shells (Atrina rigida): swiss-cheese-like organic-inorganic single-crystal composites, H. Li(1), H. L. Xin(1) et al, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 2028 (2011)

24.  Three-dimensional imaging in aberration-corrected electron microscopes, H. L. Xin* and D. A. Muller, Microsc. and Microanal. 16, 445 (2010)

25.  Three-dimensional imaging of pore structures inside low-κ dielectrics, H. L. Xin*, P. Ercius, et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 223108 (2010)

26.  Aberration-corrected ADF-STEM depth sectioning and prospects for reliable 3D imaging in S/TEM, H. L. Xin* and D. A. Muller, J. Electron Microsc. 58, 157 (2009)

27.  Depth sectioning of individual dopant atoms with aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, H. L. Xin*, V. Intaraprasonk and D. A. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013125 (2008)

28.  Atomic-resolution spectroscopic imaging of oxide interfaces, L. Fitting Kourkoutis, H. L. Xin, et al, Phil. Mag. 90, 4731 (2010)

29.  Extended depth of field for high resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy, R. Hovden, H. L. Xin, and D. A. Muller, Microsc. and Microanal., 17, 78 (2011)

30.  Analytic derivation of optimal imaging conditions for incoherent imaging in aberration-corrected electron microscopes, V. Intaraprasonk, H. L. Xin and D. A. Muller, Ultramicroscopy 108, 1454 (2008)