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Physics Events

  1. JUL



    OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency Webinar

    "The Generalised Nuclear Database Structure: Establishing an International Nuclear Data Standard"

    Presented by William D. Magwood, IV and David Brown

    7:30 am,

    Wednesday, July 8, 2020, 7:30 am

    Thursday, 8 July 2020 at 13:30-14:30 Paris time OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency HQ (Paris, France) Nuclear data are produced by dozens of organisations around the world and shared internationally for the safe operation of nuclear power reactors, waste and reprocessing facilities, and nuclear medicine applications. The most common nuclear data format is the Evaluated Nuclear Data File 6 (ENDF-6) format. Originally designed for 1960s era punch-card readers, this format poses artificial limitations, requires legacy programming techniques, and obliges new scientists and engineers to learn outdated techniques. Recognising the need for a new format that embraces modern computer programming paradigms and can address more sophisticated user requirements, the NEA launched a project in 2013 to review the requirements for an international replacement for the ENDF-6 format. The project convened experts from major nuclear data evaluation projects worldwide and culminated in a new format specification for a Generalised Nuclear Data Structure (GNDS). Following rigorous international review, the new international standard GNDS 1.9 was published in May 2020. The NEA is hosting an expert roundtable discussion on the GNDS 1.9, its use, specifications, and the strategic vision of the project moving forward. The discussion will be moderated by William D. Magwood, IV, NEA Director-General and Dr David Brown, Deputy Head of the United States National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC), Manager of the ENDF Library Project, and Chair of the NEA Expert Group on the Recommended Definition of a General Nuclear Database Structure (GNDS). Discussants * Dr Osamu Iwamoto, Head, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) Nuclear Data Center * Dr Jean-Christophe Sublet, Head, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Nuclear Data Services Unit * Dr Dorothea Wiarda, Research and development, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) * Dr Caleb Mattoon, Scientist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) * Dr Fausto Malvagi, Senior Expert, French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) The event is free and open to the public, and will feature a Q&A session afterwards. Please note that the number of participants is limited and registrations are on a first-come, first-served basis.

  2. JUL



    Physics Department Summer Lectures 2020

    "The electron-ion collider: A collider to unravel the mysteries of visible matter"

    Presented by Elke Aschenauer, BNL

    12 pm,

    Thursday, July 9, 2020, 12:00 pm

    Hosted by: Wlodzimierz Guryn

    Understanding the properties of nuclear matter and its emergence through the underlying partonic structure and dynamics of quarks and gluons requires a new experimental facility in hadronic physics known as the Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). The EIC will address some of the most profound questions concerning the emergence of nuclear properties by precisely imaging gluons and quarks inside protons and nuclei such as the distribution of gluons and quarks in space and momentum, their role in building the nucleon spin and the properties of gluons in nuclei at high energies. In January 2020 EIC received CD-0 and Brookhaven National Laboratory was chosen as site. This presentation will highlight the capabilities of an EIC and discuss its status, accelerator design and the concepts for the experimental equipment.

  3. JUL



    Particle Physics Seminar

    "A Bayesian Analysis of T2K's Data for the Measurement of Neutrino Oscillation Parameters"

    Presented by Kevin Wood, Stony Brook University

    3 pm, Webcast

    Thursday, July 9, 2020, 3:00 pm

    Hosted by: Hanyu Wei

    T2K has been accumulating data corresponding to 3.6 × 10e21 POT over the past 10 years. It has been studying neutrino oscillations by observing a disappearance of muon flavored (anti)neutrinos and the appearance of electron flavored (anti)neutrinos. In particular, the collaboration has recently published the first substantial 3-sigma constraints on the CP-violating phase, δCP, in a Nature article. The results from this analysis have since been updated to include 33% more neutrino mode data and significant improvements to the neutrino interaction and flux models. This talk will present these new results and discuss some details of the Markov Chain Monte Carlo Bayesian analysis employed in order to extract measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters from T2K's data.

  4. JUL



    virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Transverse momentum broadening in the Glasma"

    Presented by Andreas Ipp, TU Wien

    9 am, Webcast

    Friday, July 10, 2020, 9:00 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Jets are hard probes that originate from initial hard scatterings of the nuclei in heavy ion collisions. They acquire transverse momentum broadening through interaction with the evolving quark-gluon plasma. However, already the pre-equilibrium Glasma stage can contribute to transverse momentum broadening. In this talk, I present our recent work [1] where we calculate the contribution to transverse momentum broadening from the Glasma phase. We base our calculation on the boost-invariant 2+1D Glasma description which builds upon the Color Glass Condensate framework. Interestingly, we find strong time-dependence and anisotropic results with larger momentum broadening in the direction along the beam axis. [1] Bluejeans link:

  5. JUL



    Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "The cos 2φ azimuthal asymmetry in ρ^0 meson production in ultraperipheral heavy ion collisions."

    Presented by Jian Zhou, Shandong University

    11 am, Webcast

    Tuesday, July 14, 2020, 11:00 am

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    We present a detailed study of vector meson photoproduction in ultraperipheral heavy ion collisions (UPCs). Using the dipole model, we develop a framework for the joint impact parameter and transverse momentum dependent cross sections. We compute the unpolarized cross section and cos 2φ azimuthal angular correlation for ρ^0 photoproduction with φ defined as the angle between the ρ^0 's transverse spin vector and its transverse momentum. Our result on unpolarized coherent differential cross section gives excellent description to the STAR experimental data. A first comparison between theoretical calculation and experimental measurement on the cos 2φ azimuthal asymmetry, which results from the linearly polarized photons, is performed and reasonable agreement is reached. We find out the characteristic diffractive patterns at both RHIC and LHC energies and predict the impact parameter dependent cos 2φ azimuthal asymmetries for ρ^0 photoproduction by considering UPCs and peripheral collisions.

  6. JUL



    NT/RIKEN Seminar


    Presented by Asmita Mukharjee, IIT Bombay

    2 pm, Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Friday, July 17, 2020, 2:00 pm

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

  1. Physics Department Summer Lectures 2020

    "Introduction to high energy spin physics"

    Presented by Yoshitaka Hatta, BNL

    Tuesday, July 7, 2020, 12 pm

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    In the first part, I give an elementary introduction to hadron physics and QCD (Quantum Chromodynamics), and explain how scattering experiments allow us to probe the internal structure of the proton. In the second part, I focus on spin physics. I introduce the notion of spin in particle physics and then point out that understanding the spin of a composite particle (in particular the proton) is an fascinating subfield of QCD. I give an overview of the basic problems and the current experimental/theoretical status, as well as an outlook for the future.

  2. Physics Department Summer Lectures 2020

    "A Golden Age in Physics: nuclear collisions at ultra-relativistic energies"

    Presented by Rob Pisarski, BNL

    Wednesday, July 1, 2020, 12 pm

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    I give a pedagogical introduction to gauge theories, and how they appear in the theory of strong interactions, where quarks and gluons form neutrons, protons, and other particles. I make several historical detours, to emphasize how the lore of "As everyone who is anyone knows..." has failed in physics. A brief overview of results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider will be outlined, but the emphasis is on why a Quark-Gluon Plasma, created at about a trillion degrees, is a subject of fundamental interest.

  3. Physics Department Summer Lectures 2020

    "The Hunt for the Little Neutral One"

    Presented by Mary Bishai, BNL

    Tuesday, June 30, 2020, 12 pm

    Hosted by: Wlodzimierz Guryn

    The neutrino - the "Little Neutral One" in Italian - is one of the most mysterious of the elementary particles of physics. In this lecture we will examine the fascinating history of the neutrino and its strange properties that lead to 4 Nobel prizes and multi-billion dollar experiments.

  4. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Recent STAR spin Results II"

    Presented by Ting Lin and Huanzhao Liu

    Tuesday, June 30, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Salvatore Fazio

    This will consist of two talks. First talk by: Ting Lin, Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University Title: "Azimuthal Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetries of Charged Pions Within Jets from Polarized pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV" Abstract: Collins effect involves convolution of the quark transversity in the proton with the spin-dependent Collins fragmentation function, leading to azimuthal modulations of identified charged hadron yields about the jet axis. We report new preliminary results for the Collins asymmetry from 2015 proton+proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV, which probe higher momentum scales (Q2 ~ 170 GeV2) than the measurements from semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (Q2 < 20 GeV2) and enable the test of the evolution, universality and factorization breaking in the transverse momentum dependent (TMD) formalisms. Second talk by: Huanzhao Liu, Indiana University, Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter Title: "Measurement of transverse single-spin asymmetries for di-jet production in polarized p+p collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV at STAR" Abstract: We report a new measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetries for pair-production of jets in collisions of transversely polarized protons at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV at STAR, with data taken in 2012 and 2015. The correlation between the transverse momentum of a parton (k_T) and the transverse spin (S) of its proton, moving in the longitudinal (p) direction, is probed in the measurement, together with an estimate of the corresponding Sivers calculated based on a simple kinematic model. By employing flavor-tagging to separate u- and d-quarks, we see non-zero Sivers effects for the first time in di-jet production in transversely polarized proton collisions.

  5. Physics Department Summer Lectures 2020

    "The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon"

    Presented by Bill Morse, BNL

    Friday, June 26, 2020, 12 pm

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    What is a muon? Who ordered that? What is a magnetic moment? What is anomalous about the magnetic moment of the muon? Most of the time, a muon is simply a muon, but very briefly, some of the time, by Quantum Mechanics, the muon is a muon, plus an electron, plus an anti-electron, for example. How can the vacuum know about all of the standard model, and all of the new physics beyond the standard model? You will know the answer to all these interesting questions after just one hour!

  6. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Postmerger gravitational-wave signatures of phase transitions in binary mergers"

    Presented by Lukas Weih, ITP Frankurt

    Friday, June 26, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    With the first detection of gravitational waves from a binary system of neutron stars, GW170817, a new window was opened to study the properties of matter at and above nuclear-saturation density. Reaching densities a few times that of nuclear matter and temperatures up to 100 MeV, such mergers represent potential sites for a phase transition from confined hadronic to deconfined quark matter. While for GW170817 the postmerger signal could not be detected, such a signal will be a powerful observable in the near future. In this seminar I will present the possible scenarios of how a phase transition to quark-gluon plasma can take place in the postmerger phase of a binary neutron star merger. I will focus on the most recently explored scenario of a so-called ``delayed phase transition'', where the merger remnant transitions from a purely hadronic hypermassive neutron star to a meta-stable hypermassive hybrid star with a dense quark core. This process promises to yield the strongest signature in the gravitational-wave signal for the production of quark matter in the present Universe. Bluejeans link:

  7. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Direct CP violation and the Delta I=1/2 rule in K to pi pi decay from the Standard Model"

    Presented by Christopher Kelly, BNL

    Thursday, June 25, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Viviana Cavaliere

    I discuss our recent publication [arXiv:2004.09440] of a lattice QCD calculation of the ΔI=1/2, K→ππ decay amplitude A0 and ?′, the measure of direct CP-violation in K→ππ decay. This quantity is highly sensitive to new sources of CP violation that might help to explain the matter/antimatter asymmetry in the observable Universe. This calculation dramatically improves on our 2015 results [Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 21, 212001], including nearly four times the statistics and numerous technical improvements allowing us to more reliably isolate the ππ ground-state and more accurately relate the lattice operators to those defined in the Standard Model. Join Zoom Meeting Meeting ID: 944 6251 0754 Password: 540367 One tap mobile +41432107042,,94462510754# Switzerland +41432107108,,94462510754# Switzerland Dial by your location +41 43 210 70 42 Switzerland +41 43 210 71 08 Switzerland +41 31 528 09 88 Switzerland +33 1 7037 9729 France +33 7 5678 4048 France +33 1 7037 2246 France Meeting ID: 944 6251 0754 Find your local number: Join by SIP 94462510754@ 94462510754@ Join by H.323 Meeting ID: 944 6251 0754 Password: 540367

  8. RIKEN Seminar

    "Nonperturbative quark-flavor breaking at chiral crossover criticality in hot QCD"

    Presented by Mamiya Kawaguchi, Fudan University

    Thursday, June 25, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Akio Tomiya

    We discuss the violation of quark-flavor symmetry at high temperatures, induced from axial anomaly and nonperturbative thermal loop corrections. To perform the nonperturbative analysis, we employ a three-flavor linear-sigma model based on the Cornwall-Jackiw-Tomboulis formalism, in which the flavor breaking induced by the axial anomaly plays a significant role in the light scalar meson spectrum and the vacuum structure of the chiral symmetry. In this talk, we will show the flavor breaking effects on the quark condensates and the meson spectroscopy. The critical flavor violation in the topological susceptibility will be also presented. BJ link:

  9. HET Seminar

    "Axion like particles at Kaon experiments"

    Presented by Stefania Gori, University of Chicago

    Wednesday, June 24, 2020, 2:30 pm

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    The two Kaon factories, KOTO and NA62, are at the cutting edge of the intensity frontier, with an unprecedented number of long lived and charged Kaons being measured and analyzed. These experiments have a unique opportunity to search for dark sectors. In this seminar, I will explore the complementarity of NA62 and KOTO in probing axion-like-particle (ALP) models, where the ALP is produced from Kaon decays. I will highlight theoretical progress in the calculation of the rates for K -> pi ALP, and possible ways to violate the Grossman-Nir bound that relates K^+ and K_L decays. I will also propose possible new experimental searches that can be performed in the future by the two collaborations, and compare their reach with the reach of other high intensity experiments. Finally, I will also discuss possible models that address the current KOTO anomaly.

  10. Physics Department Summer Lectures 2020

    "Standard Model: Necessary but not Sufficient"

    Presented by Hooman Davoudiasl, BNL

    Tuesday, June 23, 2020, 12 pm

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    Although the Standard Model of particle physics, in conjunction with General Relativity, explains a wide range of physical phenomena, there are good reasons to believe that it does not represent a complete description of Nature. In this lecture, we will introduce the Standard Model and discuss some of its empirical and conceptual shortcomings. Some of the ideas that have been proposed to address these open questions will also be briefly discussed.

  11. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Recent STAR SPIN results I"

    Presented by Zhanwen Zhu and Maria Zurek, Shandong University/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    Tuesday, June 23, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    Measurement of transverse single spin asymmetries at forward rapidities by the STAR experiment at √s = 200 and 500 GeV Zhanwen Zhu, Shandong University We present recent results of transverse single spin asymmetries (TSSA) for neutral pions using the Forward Meson Spectrometer at STAR at center of mass energies of 200 and 500 GeV in proton-proton collision. In order to separate the contribution of initial and final state effects at both energies, we also measured for the electromagnetic jet TSSA and the Collins asymmetry for neutral pions inside the electromagnetic jet. These results together provide rich information to understand the origin of neutral pion TSSA. Longitudinal double-spin asymmetries for inclusive jets produced in √s = 200 GeV proton-proton collisions Maria Zurek, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory STAR measures double-spin asymmetries ALL in longitudinally polarized proton-proton collisions to determine the gluon helicity distribution ?G(x,Q2). Previously published inclusive jet results based on √s = 200 GeV data collected in 2009 provided first evidence for positive gluon polarization for a momentum fraction x > 0.05 at a hard perturbative scale Q2 = 10 GeV2. This talk will present new preliminary results from 2015 data with an approximately twice larger figure of merit and correspondingly better precision.

  12. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Prompt, pre-equilibrium, and thermal photons in relativistic nuclear collisions"

    Presented by Akihiko Monnai, JWU Tokyo

    Friday, June 19, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    The direct photon emission model in relativistic nuclear colliders has been improved in recent years for reducing the discrepancy between theoretical estimations and experimental data and for understanding the properties of the QCD matter. In this talk, the contribution of pre-equilibrium photons are investigated in addition to those of prompt and thermal photons in the framework of a relativistic hydrodynamic model. The numerical simulations at an LHC energy suggest that the pre-equilibrium photons may be relevant at intermediate transverse momentum near the saturation momentum scale, increasing particle spectra and reducing elliptic flow of direct photons. Bluejeans link:

  13. Particle Physics Seminar

    "CUORE, CUPID, and the Nature of Neutrino Mass"

    Presented by Dr Pranava Teja Surukuchi, Yale University

    Thursday, June 18, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Hanyu Wei

    The nature of neutrino masses is one of most important open questions in particle physics and has implications of physics beyond the standard model that could hint towards the observed particle-antiparticle asymmetry in the universe. Neutrinoless double-beta decay (0ννβ) is a very rare, hypothesized nuclear process, and is the only practical mechanism that could demonstrate if neutrinos have a Majorana nature. The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) located at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy is the first ton-scale bolometer experiment that searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay in 130Te. CUORE started collecting data in 2017, and after operational upgrades in 2018, is stably operating with a current exposure of 724.3 kg-yr, with the aim of reaching 5 yr of live time. Using an exposure of 372.5 kg-yr, CUORE set a lower limit of 3.2×1025 yr (90% C.I) on the half-life of 130Te. In this talk, recent results from the latest CUORE analysis campaign will discussed. The current status of CUPID (CUORE Upgrade with Particle IDentification), the proposed experimental upgrade to CUORE, will also be discussed. ZOOM connection: Meeting ID: 982 5763 1764 Password: 493303

  14. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials"

    Presented by Edoardo Baldini, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Thursday, June 18, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    Revealing the dynamics of collective excitations in strongly correlated electron systems is a subject of pivotal importance, as collectivity lies at the origin of several cooperative phenomena that cause profound transformations, instabilities, and phase transitions. In this talk, I will discuss the dynamics of collective excitations (e.g., excitons, magnons, phonons) from the perspective of ultrafast science [1-3]. In particular, I will focus on the role that specific collective excitations play in the formation of hidden phases of matter, i.e. phases that do not have counterparts in the equilibrium phase diagrams of quantum materials. As an example, I will describe our recent discovery of a transient antiferromagnetic metallic phase in a prototypical layered Mott insulator [4]. We observed this phase upon photoexciting a sub-Mott gap exciton-magnon mode, an exotic state of bound electron-hole pairs dressed with the spin degree of freedom [5]. Driving this peculiar exciton also allowed us to realize the coherent control of the underlying antiferromagnetic order for tens of picoseconds, a feature that can lead to the development of novel all-optical magnonic devices. [1] E. Baldini, Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials, Springer (2018) [2] E. Baldini*, C. A. Belvin* et al., Nat. Phys. 16, 541-545 (2020) [3] X. Li et al., Science 364, 1079-1082 (2019) [4] C. A. Belvin*, E. Baldini* et al., in review (2020) [5] S. Kang et al., Nature, in press (2020)

  15. RIKEN Seminar

    "Deep learning black hole metrics from shear viscosity"

    Presented by Prof. Shao-Feng Wu, Hanghai University, Yangzhou University

    Thursday, June 18, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Based on the AdS/CFT correspondence, we build up a simple deep neural network to learn the black-hole metrics from the complex frequency-dependent shear viscosity. The network architecture provides a discretized representation of the holographic renormalization group flow of the shear viscosity and is applicable for a large class of strongly coupled field theories. Given the existence of the horizon and guided by the smoothness of spacetimes, we show that the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom metrics can be learned accurately. Moreover, we illustrate that the generalization ability of the deep neural network can be excellent, which indicates that using the black hole spacetime as a hidden data structure, a wide spectrum of the shear viscosity can be generated from a narrow frequency range. Our work might not only suggest a data-driven way to study holographic transports, but also shed new light on the emergence mechanism of black hole spacetimes from field theories.

  16. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Machine learning based reconstruction of jet transverse momentum in ALICE"

    Presented by Hannah Bossi, Yale

    Tuesday, June 16, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Alba Soto Ontoso

    Jets in heavy-ion collisions are expected to lose energy through strong interactions with the QGP medium, a phenomena referred to as jet quenching. Experimental observations of jet quenching through observables such as the nuclear modification factor ($R_{\rm AA}$) rely on the precise reconstruction of jet transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$). However, jet $p_{\rm T}$ reconstruction is made difficult in heavy-ion collisions due to the large fluctuating background from the underlying event. One common treatment of this background is to perform a pedestal subtraction of the event-averaged momentum density. While this method effectively corrects for the average background, it does not account for region-to-region fluctuations. A novel method to correct the jet $p_{\rm T}$ using machine learning (ML) techniques will be presented. This method utilizes ML techniques to reconstruct the jet $p_{\rm T}$ from jet parameters, including the constituents of the jet. With an ML-based correction, residual fluctuations are reduced, allowing for measurements of the nuclear modification factor at lower $p_{\rm T}$ and larger jet radii (\textit{R}) than previously possible in ALICE. Extending measurements to these regions could help disentangle competing mechanisms of jet energy loss and the recovery of said energy due to the response of the medium. Studies that investigate and estimate the potential fragmentation bias of this ML approach will also be presented. Keeping such studies in mind, comparisons to models will be shown, with the aim of constraining such models at the previously unexplored region of lower $p_{\rm T}$.

  17. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "The quest for precision across scales"

    Presented by Gregory Soyez, IPhT

    Friday, June 12, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Monte Carlo event generators are among the most used tools in high-energy physics today. As an introduction, I will explain what is their role in modern collider phenomenology. The talk will focus on a central part of Monte Carlo generators, the parton shower, which essentially covers all the scales between the hard scale of the collision and the non-perturbative scale. I will describe how typical parton-shower algorithms are built. I will then report on a recent work (arXiv:2020:11114) where we introduced a new set of parton showers aimed at achieving an unprecedented (logarithmic) accuracy.

  18. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Stop(Zh) Neural Networks! A case study in 3rd generation SUSY searches using Machine Learning"

    Presented by Gabriele D'Amen, BNL

    Thursday, June 11, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Viviana Cavaliere

    The widespread use of Machine Learning techniques in the high energy physics community is driving the creation of tools to simplify the implementation of Neural Network methods in a wide variety of analyses. We have developed an artificial neural network framework (HTag) to identify bb pairs coming from the decay of Higgs bosons in events with large jet multiplicities. The use of HTag is expected to improve reconstruction efficiency in a wide kinematic region and to reduce invariant mass bias with respect to traditional reconstruction methods. Information reconstructed with HTag has been used in a search for direct top squark pair production in events with missing transverse momentum plus either a pair of jets consistent with the Standard Model Higgs boson decay to b-quarks or a same-flavour opposite-sign dilepton pair with invariant mass consistent with a Z boson. The analysis is performed using the proton-proton collision data at √s=13 TeV collected by the ATLAS experiment during the LHC Run-2, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb−1. No excess is observed in the data with respect to the Standard Model predictions. Zoom information: Meeting ID 974 2063 6116 Meeting Password 040606

  19. RIKEN Seminar

    "Transport and hydrodynamics in the chiral limit"

    Presented by Alexander Soloviev, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, June 11, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    I will discuss the evolution of hydrodynamic fluctuations for QCD matter below T_c in the chiral limit. The theoretical description is ordinary hydrodynamics at long distances and superfluid-like at short distances. The latter is represented by pions (the Goldstone modes), reflecting the broken SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R symmetry. The superfluid degrees of freedom contribute to the transport coefficients of the ordinary theory at long distances. This determines the leading dependence of some transport parameters of QCD on the pion mass. I will make some comments on the predictions of this computation near the O(4) critical point.

  20. HET Seminar: SPECIAL DAY

    "The Higgs Portal: Constraints on New Physics"

    Presented by Milada Mühlleitner, KIT

    Tuesday, June 9, 2020, 2:30 pm

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    One of the main goals of the LHC is the search for New Physics. So far, the only new particle that has been discovered at the LHC is the Higgs boson. There is no direct sign of any particle beyond the Standard Model (SM) so far. In view of this situation we have to ask ourselves how we can exploit the Higgs sector to search indirectly for New Physics. I will discuss the role that the effective field theory (EFT) approach plays in this context. EFT is a possibility to smoothly depart from the SM and parametrize our ignorance about NP by assuming that NP appears at some high energy scale. I will focus on the top-Higgs interface and Higgs pair production and discuss the role of global fits. Since EFT assumes NP to be heavy, the combined analysis within EFT and specific UV-complete models is important in order not to miss any sign of NP. I will hence also present some specific examples of Higgs pair production in UV-complete models.

  21. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Highlights of the charge separation measurements using the $R_{\Psi_m}(\Delta S)$ correlator implications for the chiral magnetic effect"

    Presented by Niseem Abdelrahman, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, June 9, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    The study of anomalous transport in QGP can give fundamental insight not only on the complex interplay of chiral symmetry restoration, axial anomaly, and gluon topology but also on the evolution of magnetic fields in the early Universe. A primary anomalous process predicted to occur in the magnetized QGP, created in RHIC collisions is the chiral magnetic effect (CME). In this talk, I will discuss the rudiments and the results from studies involving the use of a new charge sensitive correlator $R_{\Psi_m}(\Delta S)$, designed to detect and characterize the CME. The experimental measurements performed with the $R_{\Psi_m}(\Delta S)$ correlator, show the expected patterns for background-driven charge separation for the measurements relative to $\Psi_3$ and those relative to $\Psi_2$ for the $p$($d$)+Au systems. By contrast, the Au+Au measurements relative to $\Psi_2$, show event-shape-independent $R_{\Psi_2}(\Delta S)$ distributions consistent with a CME-driven charge separation, quantified by widths having an inverse relationship to the Fourier dipole coefficient $\tilde{a}_1$, which evaluates the CME. The $R_{\Psi_2}(\Delta S)$ results and their dependencies on the system-size, centrality, and event-shape, as well as the future use of the correlator, will be discussed in details.

  22. RIKEN Seminar

    "From quarks to nuclei: machine learning the structure of matter"

    Presented by Phiala Shanahan, MIT

    Thursday, June 4, 2020, 12 pm

    Hosted by: Akio Tomiya

    I will discuss the status and future of lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) calculations for nuclear physics. With advances in supercomputing, we are beginning to quantitatively understand nuclear structure and interactions directly from the fundamental quark and gluon degrees of freedom of the Standard Model. Recent studies provide insight into the neutrino-nucleus interactions relevant to long-baseline neutrino experiments, double beta decay, and nuclear sigma terms needed for theory predictions of dark matter cross-sections at underground detectors. The rapid progress in this field has been possible because of new algorithms but challenges still remain to reach the large nuclei used in many of these experiments. Recently, machine learning tools have been shown to provide a potentially revolutionary way to address these challenges and allow a Standard Model understanding of the physics of nuclei. Bluejeans link:

  23. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "First-principles calculation of electroweak box diagrams from lattice QCD"

    Presented by Luchang Jin, U. Conn

    Friday, May 29, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Bluejeans link:

  24. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dijet resonance search with weak supervision using √s = 13 TeV pp collisions in the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Aviv Cukierman, SLAC

    Thursday, May 28, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Viviana Cavaliere

    We present a search for resonant new physics using a machine learning anomaly detection procedure that does not rely on a signal model hypothesis. Weakly supervised learning is used to train classifiers directly on data to enhance potential signals. The targeted topology is dijet events and the features used for machine learning are the masses of the two jets. The resulting analysis is essentially a 3-dimensional search A → BC, for mA ∼ O(TeV), mB,mC ∼ O(100 GeV) and B,C → large-radius jet, without paying a penalty associated with a large trials factor in the scan of the masses of the two jets. The full Run 2 √s = 13 TeV pp collision dataset of 139 fb−1 recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider is used for the search. There is no significant evidence for a localized excess in the dijet invariant mass spectrum between 1.8 and and 8.2 TeV. Cross section limits for narrow-width A, B, and C particles vary with mA, mB, and mC. For example, when mA = 3 TeV and mB ≥ 200 GeV, a production cross section between 1 and 5 fb is excluded, depending on mC. These limits are up to 20 times more sensitive than those obtained by the inclusive dijet search. Details for connection: on Zoom: Direct link Meeting ID 999 9016 1911 Password: 893053

  25. Virtual BNL RIKEN Seminar

    "Sign Problem in Monte Carlo Simulations and the Tempered Lefschetz Thimble Method"

    Presented by Masafumi Fukuma, Kyoto U.

    Thursday, May 28, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Akio Tomiya

    The tempered Lefschetz thimble method (TLTM) [arXiv:1703.00861] is a parallel-tempering algorithm towards solving the numerical sign problem. It uses the deformation parameter of integration surface (the flow time of the antiholomorphic gradient flow) as a tempering parameter, and is expected to tame both the sign and ergodicity problems simultaneously that exist intrinsically in thimble methods. In this talk, I explain the basics of TLTM, and apply the method to various problems, including the quantum Monte Carlo simulation of the Hubbard model away from half filling and the chiral random matrix models with finite temperature and finite chemical potential. This talk is based on collaboration with Nobuyuki Matsumoto and Naoya Umeda [arXiv: 1703.00861, 1906.04243, 1912.13303]. Bluejeans Link:

  26. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Why is chemical freezeout at the chiral cross over temperature?"

    Presented by Sourendu Gupta, TIFR Mumbai

    Friday, May 22, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Studies of the composition of the fireball produced in very high energy heavy-ion collisions show that the composition is that of an equilibrium gas of hadrons at a temperature of about 155 MeV, and zero chemical potential. At the same time, lattice computations show that the chiral cross over of QCD occurs at a temperature of about 155 MeV. The composition of the fireball is a question of the dynamics of hadron reactions, whereas the location of a cross over is a question about the equilibrium free energy density. I describe a computation which shows why they coincide. Bluejeans link:

  27. RIKEN Seminar

    "From anomalous correlations to dark matter: the effects of higher topological charge"

    Presented by Fabian Rennecke, BNL

    Thursday, May 21, 2020, 9 am
    Bluejeans link:

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Topological gauge field configurations play an important role in the phenomenology of QCD. The axial anomaly is inextricably linked to topological effects. They give rise to anomalous meson masses, affect the order of the chiral phase transition, and lead to the chiral magnetic effect which is relevant for condensed matter and heavy-ion physics. On the flip side, topological gauge field configurations can also give rise to CP violating effects in QCD. A potential resolution of this strong CP problem involves a new particle, the axion. Incidentally, axions are also viable dark matter candidates and their properties are largely determined by the distribution of topological charge in QCD. At high energies in the deconfined regime, the topological structure of QCD is well described by a dilute gas of instantons. In this regime all the effects mentioned above are typically studied based on instantons of unit topological charge. As discussed in this talk, there are also effects uniquely related to instantons of higher topological charge. On the one hand, they give rise to higher-order anomalous quark correlations which manifest themselves in anomalous hadronic interactions. On the other hand, they modify the distribution of topological charge. This, in turn, affects the properties of axions and can lead to a topological mechanism to increase the amount of axion dark matter.

  28. HET Seminar

    "Probing High-Energy Light Dark Matter with IceCube"

    Presented by Meng-Ru Wu, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica

    Wednesday, May 20, 2020, 10 am

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    The direct detection of particle dark matter through its scattering with nucleons is of fundamental importance to understand the nature of dark matter. In our recent work 2004.03161, we proposed that the high-energy neutrino detectors like IceCube can be used to uniquely probe the dark matter — nucleon cross-section for high-energy DM of ~ PeV, up-scattered by the high-energy cosmic rays. We derive for the first time constraints on the dark matter — nucleon cross-section down to ~ 10^-32 cm^2 at this energy scale for sub-GeV dark matter. Such independent probe at energy exceeding other existing direct detection experiments can provide useful insights complementary to other searches.

  29. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First Detection of Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering on Argon"

    Presented by Dr Jacob Daughhetee, University of Tennessee

    Tuesday, May 19, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Hanyu Wei

    In 2017, the COHERENT collaboration made the first observation of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) using a 14.6 kg CsI scintillating crystal detector located at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In addition to neutrons, the 1.4 MW pulsed (60 Hz) proton beam at the SNS produces charged pions which subsequently decay to yield a large neutrino flux with a well-known energy spectrum and time structure. COHERENT employs a suite of detectors at the SNS to search for CEvNS in different target nuclei and to measure potential backgrounds. This multi-target program allows for testing of Standard Model predictions for CEvNS as well as for verifying the N^2 -dependence of the cross section of this interaction. CENNS-10, a 24 kg liquid argon scintillation detector, has been actively taking data at the SNS since the spring of 2017. This talk will detail the methods and results of a search for and detection of CEvNS in CENNS-10 data. Zoom link is

  30. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "New Results on Short-Range Correlations from 48 GeV/c 12C+p Reactions - from the Nuclotron to FAIR and the"

    Presented by Prof. Or Hen, MIT

    Tuesday, May 19, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Alba Soto Ontoso

    New results from a measurement of 12C+p reactions performed at the JINR in Dubna with a 48 GeV/c Carbon-12 beam demonstrate the feasibility of accessing properties of short-range correlated nucleons in nuclei with hadronic probes and by using inverse kinematics. We extract the ground-state distributions of single nucleons and correlated nucleon pairs (SRC) in quasi-free kinematics in an exclusive measurement by detecting the two scattered protons at large angles in coincidence with an intact heavy fragment. The post-selection of heavy fragments is shown to suppress the otherwise large contributions from final-state interactions. This allowed for the first time to select and study properties of correlated nucleon pairs in inverse kinematics. This new measurement showcases a new ability to relate short-distance nuclear and partonic dynamics via fragment tagging at the EIC and to study the short-distance structure of short-lived neutron-rich nuclei at the forthcoming FRIB and FAIR facilities. Bluejeans link is

  31. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Quantum criticality in fermion-bag inspired Hamiltonian lattice field theories"

    Presented by Emilie Huffman, Perimeter Institute

    Friday, May 15, 2020, 11 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Motivated by the fermion bag approach—a quantum Monte Carlo approach that takes advantage of grouped local degrees of freedom—we consider a new class of Hamiltonian lattice field theories that can help us study fermionic quantum critical points. We construct the partition function of a lattice Hamiltonian in 2+1 dimensions in discrete time, with a temporal lattice spacing \varepsilon. When \varepsilon \rightarrow 0, we obtain the partition function of the original lattice Hamiltonian. But when \varepsilon = 1, we obtain a new type of space-time lattice field theory which treats space and time differently, but still lacks fermion doubling in the time dimension, in contrast to Lagrangian lattice field theories. Here we show that both continuous-time and discrete-time lattice field theories derived from the t-V model have a fermionic quantum critical point with critical exponents that match within errors. The fermion bag algorithms run relatively faster on the discrete-time model and allow us to compute quantities even on 100^3 lattices near the quantum critical point. Bluejeans link:

  32. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Open QFTs from holography"

    Presented by R. Loganayagam, ICTS, Bangalore

    Friday, May 8, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    In this talk, I will outline a formalism to study open quantum field theories using holographic methods. More precisely, I will consider a quantum field theory (the system) coupled to a holographic field theory at finite temperature (the environment). The aim here is to integrate out the holographic environment with an aim of obtaining an effective dynamics for the resulting open quantum field theory. This is done using semiclassical gravitational Schwinger-Keldysh saddle geometries obtained by complexifying black hole spacetimes. In addition to shedding light on open quantum systems coupled to strongly correlated thermal environments, these results also provide a principled computation of Schwinger-Keldysh observables in gravity and holography. In particular, these influence functionals capture both the dissipative physics of black hole quasinormal modes, as well as that of the fluctuations encoded in outgoing Hawking quanta, and interactions between them. This talk will be based on Bluejeans link:

  33. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Towards Novel Quantum Materials: Design, Synthesis and Characterizations"

    Presented by Ruidan Zhong, Princeton University

    Thursday, May 7, 2020, 1:30 pm
    Zoom CMPMSD Seminar

    Hosted by: Qiang Li

    Quantum materials are materials where the extraordinary effects of quantum mechanics give rise to exotic and often incredible properties. To understand their basic behavior if we are to enable optimization for a specific purpose, discovering novel quantum materials is a primary task for scientists in the field of condensed matter physics and materials science. In this seminar, research strategies toward novel quantum materials in experiment will be introduced from the perspective of chemistry, materials science and physics. Such research process leads to fruitful results, and two recent discovered candidates of quantum spin liquid (QSL) will be presented as an example. The first candidate is a geometric frustrated magnet, Na2BaCo(PO4)2, which is structurally perfect without intrinsic disorder. Experimental results, including magnetization, specific heat, and neutron scattering, have indicated that this compound is an ideal QSL candidate. The second compound, BaCo2(AsO4)2, are believed to be a Kitaev QSL candidate. This is the first time that Kitaev physics are proposed to be realized in 3d-transition-metal honeycomb in experiment. Non-Kitaev interactions can be fully suppressed by low field, yielding nonmagnetic ground state and many other similarities with the well-studied Kitaev QSL α-RuCl3.

  34. HET Lunch Seminar

    "Flavorful Higgs Physics from the MeV to TeV scale"

    Presented by Samuel Homiller, YITP, Stony Brook

    Friday, May 1, 2020, 12:15 pm

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    I will discuss two related opportunities for searching for new physics with flavorful couplings to the Standard Model, both intimately related to the Higgs boson. First, I will discuss the recently observed events at the KOTO experiment, and how they could be explained by Higgs portal extensions to the Standard Model. I will then discuss the interplay of BSM flavor physics and the Higgs more generally, with an emphasis on the usual theoretical biases about how new physics may couple to the Standard Model. This will lead me to an introduction to the Spontaneous Flavor Violation (SFV) framework, which avoids some of these biases while allowing for large couplings between new physics and any SM quark generation in a robust and UV complete way. In the context of extended Higgs sectors, the SFV Ansatz leads to strikingly different phenomenology compared to typical models at both the energy and intensity frontiers, and provides strong motivation for developing new techniques such as light quark taggers at colliders. Bluejeans link:

  35. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Transverse momentum distributions: predictive power and flavor structure"

    Presented by Andrea Signori, Jlab

    Friday, May 1, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Transverse momentum distributions (TMDs) allow one to map the hadronic structure in a three-dimensional momentum space, exploring all the possible spin and momentum correlations between a hadron and its elementary constituents. I will discuss their predictive power as a function of the kinematics and, in particular, I will show that the flavor structure of the TMDs can have an impact on the determination of the W boson mass at the Large Hadron Collider, providing a new connection between 3D hadron tomography and high-energy physics. Bluejeans link:

  36. HET Seminar

    "Lepton flavour violating decays into axion-like particles"

    Presented by Lorenzo Calibbi, Nankai University

    Wednesday, April 29, 2020, 10 am

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    Pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons (also known as axion-like particles) with flavour-violating couplings to the Standard Model (SM) fermions are a rather generic consequence of spontaneously-broken global U(1) symmetries, e.g. if the SM fermions carry flavour non-universal charges. A possible consequence is the occurrence of flavour-violating decays of hadrons and leptons into light axion-like particles. These exotic signatures are a powerful probe of such kind of scenarios. I will discuss the phenomenological consequences at future experiments, focusing in particular on searches for lepton flavour violation, and compare their sensitivity to the symmetry-breaking scale with bounds from stellar evolution. Bluejeans link is

  37. virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "3D Tomography of Parton Motion inside Hadrons"

    Presented by Jianwei Qiu, Jefferson Lab

    Friday, April 24, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    The TMD Topical Collaboration, funded by the DOE Office of Nuclear Physics, was formed by pulling together expertise in QCD theory, phenomenology and lattice QCD from 10 universities and 4 national labs to address the challenge to develop new theoretical and phenomenological tools that are urgently needed for precision extraction of 3D tomography of parton motion inside hadrons from current and future data. In this talk, I will briefly summarize the challenge to extract the true parton motion inside a bound hadron once it is broken by the collisions, and how the TMD Collaboration integrates our knowledge in QCD theory, phenomenology and lattice QCD to overcome the challenge.

  38. Virtual NT/RIKEN seminar

    "Exploring aspects of QCD from Quantum Link Models"

    Presented by Debasish Banerjee, PNNL

    Friday, April 17, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    QCD has been extensively studied in various regimes and using various methodologies. While the lattice regularized version is the most popular ab-initio version, this approach has problems dealing with dense, as well as non-equilibrium QCD matter. In this talk, I will introduce the so-called Quantum Link Models, which offer a different approach to the problem. We will explore some qualitative aspects of QCD and nuclear physics using these models.

  39. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Exploration of the properties of the medium produced in large and small collision-systems with azimuthal anisotropy scaling functions"

    Presented by Roy Lacey, SBU

    Tuesday, April 14, 2020, 10 am

    Hosted by: Alba Soto Ontoso

  40. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "A mode by mode approach to heavy ion collision"

    Presented by Eduardo Grossi, SBU

    Friday, April 10, 2020, 9 am

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

  41. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Maximizing the potential of neutrino experiments"

    Presented by Philip Rodrigues, University of Oxford

    Thursday, April 9, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Present and future neutrino experiments will search for CP violation in the lepton sector, detect neutrinos from a galactic supernova, and search for evidence of sterile neutrinos. I will discuss two strands of work aimed at maximizing the success of these experiments: on DUNE, developing the far detector trigger system is vital to achieving the physics goals of the experiment; while on the SBN project, neutrino cross section uncertainties are a major systematic in the sterile neutrino oscillation analysis.

  42. CSI Q Seminar

    "CANCELLED Quantum-driven classical optimization"

    Presented by Helmut Katzgraber, Microsoft Research

    Wednesday, April 8, 2020, 1:30 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    The advent of the first useful quantum computing devices has resulted in an arms race with classical algorithms on traditional computing hardware. While near-term quantum devices might revolutionize, e.g., optimization and quantum chemistry, tackling many applications will directly depend on either hybrid or purely classical computing techniques. Inspired by these recent exciting developments, a variety of new classical algorithms have emerged. In this talk an overview on quantum inspired methods and their applications is given.

  43. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Event reconstruction for high precision neutrino physics in LArTPCs"

    Presented by Hanyu Wei, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Tuesday, April 7, 2020, 3 pm
    web cast

    Hosted by: Steve Kettell

  44. HET Lunch Seminar

    ""Physics Opportunities with Potential DUNE Beam Upgrades""

    Presented by Mary Bishai (BNL)

    Friday, March 27, 2020, 12:15 pm

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    Bluejeans link is Bluejeans: You can call in from the US with: tel:+1.888.748.9073 and the meeting ID is 507 765 681.

  45. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Overcoming Neutrino Interaction Mis-modeling with DUNE-PRISM"

    Presented by Luke Pickering, Michigan State University

    Thursday, March 26, 2020, 3 pm
    web cast

    Hosted by: George Redlinger

    The expected precision of current long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments (T2K, NOνA) will be limited by uncertainties in neutrino interaction models in addition to sample statistics. The interaction uncertainties will also play a significant role in next-generation experiments (DUNE, Hyper-K), which aim to collect much larger samples of oscillated neutrinos. Without significant advancements in neutrino-nucleus interaction modeling, traditional analyses will be susceptible to biased oscillation measurements. The DUNE-PRISM (Precision Reaction Independent Spectrum Measurement) technique offers a complementary approach to the oscillation analysis methods used by T2K, NOνA, and MINOS. DUNE-PRISM uses direct extrapolation of near detector data to infer oscillation probabilities with significantly less dependence on the validity of neutrino interaction models. This is achieved by combining multiple near detector measurements, each taken with the detector at a different off beam axis position, in order to sample a variety of neutrino energy spectra. This talk will introduce DUNE-PRISM and show how the oscillation parameters extracted using this technique are robust to unknown interaction modeling errors.

  46. CSI Q Seminar


    Presented by Evan Philip, Stony Brook University

    Wednesday, March 25, 2020, 6:30 pm
    Conference Room A, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi


  47. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Exploring the neutrino physics with the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment"

    Presented by Jingbo Wang, University of California, Davis

    Tuesday, March 24, 2020, 3 pm

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    One of the biggest surprises in particle physics is that the neutrinos have mass, which was discovered by the neutrino oscillation experiments. This fundamental property of neutrinos leads to some new questions. What is the ordering of the neutrino mass states? Do the neutrinos violate the matter/antimatter symmetry? What characteristics does the neutrino mixing matrix have? The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) will address these questions with the high-precision Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) technology. In this talk, I will give a brief overview of neutrino oscillations, then describe DUNE and its physics programs. I will also talk about the Pulsed Neutron Source as an innovative calibration technique for liquid argon TPCs. The precision measurements of the neutrinos will open a window to new physics beyond the standard model. We will discuss the future and prospects of neutrino physics.

  48. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Probing ν interactions for ν physics"

    Presented by Adi Ashkenazi, MIT

    Friday, March 20, 2020, 10:30 am
    web cast

    Hosted by: Vladmir Tischenko

    The ability of current and next generation accelerator based neutrino oscillation measurements to reach their desired sensitivity requires a high-level of understanding of the neutrino-nucleus interactions. These include precise estimation of the relevant cross sections and the reconstruction of the incident neutrino energy from the measured final state particles. Incomplete understanding of these interactions can skew the reconstructed neutrino spectrum and thereby bias the extraction of fundamental oscillation parameters and searches for new physics. In this talk I will present the first exclusive differential cross section measurement using neutrino-Argon Quasi Elastic like interactions from the MicroBooNE experiment. In addition, using wide phase-space electron scattering data, collected using the CLAS spectrometer at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), the reconstruction of the incoming lepton energy from the measured final state is being tested. Disagreements with current event generators, used in the analysis of neutrino oscillation measurements, are observed which indicate underestimation of nuclear effects. The impact of these findings on bias in oscillation analyses will be discussed.

  49. CSI Q Seminar


    Presented by Javad Shabani, NYU

    Wednesday, March 18, 2020, 1:30 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi



    "A mode by mode approach to heavy ion collision"

    Presented by Eduardo Grossi, SBU

    Friday, March 13, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

  51. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Ioffe time behavior of PDFs and GPDs"

    Presented by Abha Rajan, BNL

    Thursday, March 12, 2020, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Ioffe time essentially quantifies the distance along the lightcone that the quark fields that enter the correlator describing the Parton Distribution Function (PDF) are separated by. In this sense, it is a natural candidate for clearly separating the short and long distance physics. We study how the behavior of the parton distribution in Ioffe time can be mapped out given its Mellin moments. Pseudo PDFs describe the nucleon matrix elements of quark field operators separated by a space like distance z. These are calculable in lattice QCD and as z^2 approaches zero, pseudo PDFs approach the actual PDFs. Complimentary to lattice efforts, we study the behavior of of pseudo PDFs as a function of z in a spectator diquark model. We also extend the study to Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs), which involves taking into account an extra degree of freedom because of the non diagonal nature of the hadronic matrix element in the case of GPDs.

  52. Physics Colloquium

    "A tale told by hard probes in high energy nuclear collisions – from PHENIX to sPHENIX and on toward the EIC"

    Presented by Jin Huang, BNL

    Tuesday, March 10, 2020, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Bjoern Schenke

    Hard probes such as heavy flavor quarks, jets, and virtual and real photons convey valuable information from the heart of high energy nuclear collisions, opening a window into the microscopic nature of QCD matter. These probes have been used to study both hadronic states and also nuclear matter under extreme conditions. In addition, the spin degree of freedom of the colliding proton provides a fresh perspective on the quantum nature of nuclear matter, enabled by the unique capabilities of RHIC. The rareness of hard probes demands detectors capable of high precision and high rate, which in turn drives the design and the innovation of the next generation of nuclear physics collider experiments, such as sPHENIX and future EIC detectors. I will recount a story told by hard probes of nuclear collisions through selected results from PHENIX, the plans for sPHENIX, and the possibilities at the EIC.

  53. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Jet quenching tests of the QCD Equation of State"

    Presented by Xabier Feal, BNL

    Tuesday, March 10, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    We re-analyze the bremsstrahlung problem in a background field consisting of several sources. We explain how these processes can be represented as a sum of diagrams, generally interfering and thus leading to the well known LPM effect. Then we show how these diagrams can be properly resummed at high energies to go beyond the most common approximations in phenomenological analyses to date: the perturbative (GLV), the Gaussian (BDMPS) or the semi-infinite medium (AMY) approximations. Finally we present some QED and QCD results, and show how the improvement is able to cure some of the puzzles found in data, namely the temperature issues in the determination of the QGP color opacity, encoded usually in the transport coefficient, $\hat{q}$. This finding indicates that full resummations are required for a proper extraction of the QCD matter parameters, and may open up an additional handle on the study of the QCD Equation of State.

  54. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Nonperturbative Collins-Soper Kernel from Lattice QCD"

    Presented by Yong Zhao, BNL

    Thursday, March 5, 2020, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Akio Tomiya

    The transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions (TMDPDFs) measure the transverse momentum of partons in a fast moving hadron, and is an important observable for the Electron-Ion Collider. The energy evolution of TMDPDFs is given by the Collins-Soper (CS) anomalous dimension, or the CS kernel, which is essential to the fitting of TMDPDFs from global cross section data at different energies. At small transverse momentum, the CS kernel is nonperturbative and can only be determined from global fitting or first principle calculations. In this talk, I present an exploratory calculation of the CS kernel from lattice QCD using the large-momentum effective theory, which is a systematic approach to extract light-cone parton physics. Our preliminary results show that it is promising to achieve precision calculation with currently available computing resources, which has the potential to be used in the global fitting of TMDPDFs in the future.

  55. Particle Physics Seminar

    "What is the Higgs boson hiding"

    Presented by Caterina Vernieri, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

    Wednesday, March 4, 2020, 4 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Viviana Cavaliere

    The Higgs boson discovery at the LHC marked a historic milestone in the study of fundamental particles and their interactions. Over the last eight years, we have begun measuring its properties, which are essential to build a deep understanding of the Higgs sector of the Standard Model and to potentially uncover new phenomena. The Standard Model is far from being a complete theory of nature and many of its predictions have yet to be tested. In particular, the energy potential of the Higgs boson field, responsible for the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism, has not yet been measured by any experiment. A measurement of the Higgs boson self-coupling at the LHC would shed light into the actual structure of the potential, whose exact shape can have deep theoretical consequences. This coupling can be accessed directly through the very challenging measurement of Higgs pair production. In this talk the experimental status of the di-Higgs boson production searches and constraints on the self-coupling at the LHC will be presented and the special role played by the decay to b-quark, the largest Higgs branching fraction, and its distinctive signature will be described.

  56. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Direct Photon Production in Au+Au collisions at 200GeV"

    Presented by Wenqing Fan, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, March 3, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    The PHENIX experiment operates as one of the major detectors at the RHIC collider to identify and study Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP). Direct photons have long been considered as unique probes to study properties of QGP due to their small interaction cross section with the collision produced medium, hence carrying direct information of their creation point. Taking advantage of the precise tracking system and high granularity electromagnetic calorimeter, PHENIX has made comprehensive measurements of direct photons across different collision species and a wide range of beam energies. In this talk I will show new measurements with high statistics Au+Au data taken in 2014 at 200GeV using the photon conversions at the silicon vertex detector (VTX). This dataset provides a 10-fold increase in statistics for the measurements of direct photon yields and their anisotropy.

  57. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Studying supranuclear matter with gravitational waves from neutron star binaries"

    Presented by Katerina Chatziioannou

    Friday, February 28, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

  58. HET Lunch Discussion

    "LMA-Dark: Large New Physics Effects in Neutrino Oscillations"

    Presented by Peter Denton, BNL

    Friday, February 28, 2020, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 3-192

  59. Particle Physics Seminar

    "HUNTER: a search for keV-scale sterile neutrinos using trapped atoms"

    Presented by Prof. Peter Meyers

    Wednesday, February 26, 2020, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hanyu Wei

    The HUNTER experiment is a search for sterile neutrinos with masses in the 10-300 keV range. The neutrino missing mass will be reconstructed from 131-Cs electron capture decays occurring in a magneto-optically trapped, laser-cooled sample. Reaction-microscope spectrometers will be used to measure the vector momenta of all charged decay products with high solid angle acceptance, and LYSO scintillators read out by silicon photomultiplier arrays detect x-rays, each with sufficient resolution to reconstruct the neutrino missing mass as a peak separated from the near-zero-mass active neutrinos. The stand-alone apparatus to do this has dimensions of a few meters.

  60. Physics Colloquium

    "From actions to answers: flavour physics from lattice gauge theory"

    Presented by Peter Boyle, BNL

    Tuesday, February 25, 2020, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hooman Davoudiasl

    Lattice gauge theory is a numerical approach to the Feynman path integral, and is the only systematically improvable approach to make theoretical predictions of hadronic properties from the underlying theory of quarks and gluons. I will present theoretical numerical calculations of hadronic properties that represent theoretical input to flavour physics, quark flavour mixing, and standard model CP violation in the Kaon, D and B mesons. These lead to constraints on CKM flavour mixing constants of the standard model, and searches for new physics.

  61. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Balance function as a unique probe to the quark gluon plasma: overview and outlook"

    Presented by Jin Jin Pan, Wayne State University

    Tuesday, February 25, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    In relativistic heavy-ion collisions, correlations of hadrons with opposite quantum numbers provide insight into general charge creation mechanisms, the time scales of quark production, collective motion of the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP), and re-scattering in the hadronic phase. The longitudinal and azimuthal widths of general charge balance functions for charged pion (??±), kaon (??±) and (anti-)proton (??/??¯) are used to examine the two-wave quark production scenario recently proposed to explain quark-antiquark productions within the QGP, which predicts a large increase in up and down quark pairs relative to strange quark pairs around the time of hadronization. Balance function as a function of relative azimuthal angle is a good probe to the diffusion effect, which is a signature of the QGP. In addition, the balance function integrals measure hadron pairing probabilities, which provide a key constraint for hadron productions in models. Furthermore, balance function is also a key observable to study net-proton fluctuations and the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME). In this talk, I will present a state-of-the-art overview on experimental measurements of balance function by STAR and ALICE, along with an outlook for the future experimental measurements.

  62. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Tuning of spin-orbital interactions and charge gap by epitaxial strain in Sr2IrO4"

    Presented by Thorsten Schmitt, Photon Science Division, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland

    Monday, February 24, 2020, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    The nature of the highly spin-orbit coupled Mott state of Sr2IrO4 suggests the ground state as well as the collective entangled spin and orbital excitations to be strongly dependent on the lattice degree of freedom. For this reason, Sr2IrO4 provides an ideal platform for controlling the physical properties of a correlated material by inducing local lattice distortions. We use epitaxial strain to modify the Ir-O bond geometry and perform momentum-dependent Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) both at the metal and ligand sites to unveil the response of the low energy elementary excitations. By applying tensile strain, we observe a large softening of the spin(-orbital) wave dispersion along the [h,0] direction and a simultaneous hardening along the [h,h] direction. This evolution entails a strain-driven crossover from anisotropic to isotropic interactions between the magnetic moments. We also show how the charge excitations are coupled to the lattice in Sr2IrO4. To this end, using O K-edge RIXS, we unveil the evolution of a dispersive electron-hole pair excitonic mode which shifts to lower (higher) energies upon compressive (tensile) strain, manifesting a reduction (increase) in the size of the charge gap. We show that this behavior originates in the modified hopping elements between the t2g orbitals induced by strain. Our work highlights the central role played by the lattice in determining both the spin(-orbital) as well as the charge excitations of Sr2IrO4 and confirms epitaxial strain as a promising route towards the control of the ground state of complex oxides in the presence of high spin-orbit coupling.

  63. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Field-theoretical approach to strongly-correlated problems: RIXS in metals and Spin fermion model"

    Presented by Igor Tupitsyn, University of Massachusetts Amherst

    Monday, February 24, 2020, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In this talk I am going to touch two interesting strongly-correlated problems: Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) in metals and Spin fermion (SF) model. RIXS is a very promising technique for studying collective excitations in condensed matter systems. However, extraction of information from the RIXS signal is a difficult task and the standard approach to solution of RIXS problem is based on approximations that are inaccurate in metals (short-range/contact potentials and non-interacting Fermi-sea). Simultaneously, the SF model has a wide range of applications in the physics of cuprates and iron-based superconductors. However, all developments and applications of the SF model are also based on various, often uncontrollable, approximations. In my talk I am going to address both problems within the general "field-theoretical approach to strongly-correlated problems" framework. In the first part I will consider the RIXS in metals problem within a diagrammatic approach that fully respects the long-range Coulomb nature of interactions between all charged particles. In particular, I will demonstrate how the single-plasmon dispersion can be extracted from the multi-excitation RIXS spectra. In the remaining time I will briefly discuss how to deal with the SF model in the approximation-free manner by employing the Diagrammatic Monte Carlo technique, combining the advantages of Feynman diagrammatic techniques and Quantum Monte Carlo simulations. I will also show what one can get in the first skeleton order – in the widely used in materials science GW approximation.

  64. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Soft Fragmentation on the Celestial Sphere"

    Presented by Duff Neill

    Friday, February 21, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    We develop two approaches to the problem of soft fragmentation of hadrons in a gauge theory for high energy processes. The first approach directly adapts the standard resummation of the parton distribution function's anomalous dimension (that of twist-two local operators) in the forward scattering regime, using kT-factorization and BFKL theory, to the case of fragmentation function by exploiting the mapping between the dynamics of eikonal lines on transverse-plane to the celestial-sphere. Critically, to correctly resum the anomalous dimension of the fragmentation function under this mapping, one must pay careful attention to the role of regularization, despite the manifest collinear or infra- red finiteness of the BFKL equation. The anomalous dependence on energy in the celestial case, arising due to the mismatch of dimensionality between positions and angles, drives the differences between the space-like and time-like anomalous dimension of parton densities, even in a conformal theory. The second approach adapts an angular-ordered evolution equation, but working in 4 − 2epsilon dimensions at all angles. The two approaches are united by demanding that the anomalous dimension in 4 − 2epsilon dimensions for the PDF determines the kernel for the angular-ordered evolution to all orders.

  65. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "Effect of Metal (Pt, Ir) Nuclearity in the Subnanometer Regime on CO Oxidation Activity"

    Presented by Ayman M. Karim, Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

    Friday, February 21, 2020, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    Supported noble metal catalysts are extensively used in industry and their catalytic performance is strongly affected by particle size and shape. In the last decade, supported single atoms and clusters in the subnanometer size regime have attracted a lot of interest since they maximize the metal utilization and have also shown extraordinary catalytic properties for many reactions. However, to tailor the catalyst properties for specific reactions and determine possible limitations, there is a need to understand, on the atomic scale, the origin of reactivity in the subnanometer regime. In this seminar, I will present my group's efforts in understanding the role of metal nuclearity and electronic properties in catalyzing CO oxidation as a model reaction. Using a suite of advanced characterization techniques (aberration-corrected electron microscopy, microcalorimetry, in-situ and in-operando DRIFTS, XPS, EXAFS and HERFD-XANES) complemented by DFT calculations and detailed kinetics measurements, the catalyst structural and electronic properties are identified and correlated with the reaction kinetics. In the talk, CO oxidation on Ir and Pt single atoms and subnanometer clusters supported on MgAl2O4 and CeO2, respectively, will be presented. We identified the active Ir and Pt single atom complexes and show that the reaction follows a combination of Eley-Rideal and Mars-van Krevelen mechanisms. Moreover, we show that despite considered a non-reducible support, CO oxidation on MgAl2O4 supported Ir subnanometer clusters follows a similar mechanism as on a reducible oxide where O2 is activated at the metal-support interface. Finally, the role of metal-support interaction in O2 activation and effect of CO binding strength on the catalytic activity will be discussed.

  66. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Precision neutrino oscillation physics and DUNE"

    Presented by Callum Wilkinson, University of Bern

    Thursday, February 20, 2020, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hanyu Wei

    Neutrino oscillations have been established as an energy and distance dependent phenomena, beyond the Standard Model of Particle Physics. However, a number of key questions remain, which have implications for our understanding of the origin and development of our Universe. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), which is currently in the planning stage, has the potential to answer these outstanding questions and make measurements of the other parameters with unprecedented precision. This talk gives an overview of the DUNE sensitivity to oscillation parameters, and describes a program of research aimed at reducing systematic uncertainties, and achieving DUNE's physics goals.

  67. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Phase Transitions of Quantum Annealing and Quantum Chaos"

    Presented by Dr Kazuki Ikeda, Osaka University

    Thursday, February 20, 2020, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 1-224

    Hosted by: Akio Tomiya

    It is known that quantum phase transitions occur in the process of quantum annealing. The order of phase transition and computational efficiency are closely related with each other. Quantum computation starts with a non-entangled state and evolves into some entangled states, due to many body interactions and the dynamical delocalization of quantum information over an entire system's degrees of freedom (information scrambling). It is common to diagnose scrambling by observing the time evolution of single qubit Pauli operators with an out-of-timeorder correlator (OTOC). We aim at establishing a method to clarify those relations between phase transitions and scrambling by OTOCs. Using the p-spin model, we diagnose quantum phase transitions associated with quantum annealing and reverse annealing. In addition we provide a novel Majorana fermion model in which non-stoquastic dynamics of annealing can turn a first-order phase transition into a second-order phase transition. We also show that these phase transitions can be diagnosed by the OTOCs.

  68. Special NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Infrared gluon mass and the Gribov-Zwanziger model of nonperturbative Yang-Mills theories"

    Presented by Leticia Palhares

    Wednesday, February 19, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    In this talk we review indications of an infrared gluon mass in different nonperturbative approaches and discuss its dynamical generation in a Gribov-Zwanziger model. We compute in particular the one-loop effective potential of the model in the recently-established BRST-invariant setup which guarantees gauge-parameter independence of the generated mass scales.

  69. Special NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Critical dynamics from small, noisy, fluctuating systems"

    Presented by Eduardo Fraga

    Tuesday, February 18, 2020, 1 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Current heavy-ion collision experiments might lead to the discovery of a first-order chiral symmetry breaking phase-transition line, ending in a second-order critical point. Nevertheless, the extraction of information about the equilibrium thermodynamic properties of baryonic matter from the highly dynamic, small, noisy and fluctuating environment formed in such collisions is an extremely challenging task. We address some of the limitations present in the experimental search for the QCD critical point.

  70. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Solving the medium-induced gluon radiation spectrum for an arbitrary number of scatterings"

    Presented by Carlota Andres Casas

    Friday, February 14, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    New measurements of jet quenching observables at RHIC and at the LHC, such as jet substructure observables, demand an increased precision in the theory calculations describing medium-induced radiation of gluons. Closed expressions for the gluon spectrum including an arbitrary number of multiple scatterings have been known for the past 20 years, but analytical calculations have failed to evaluate this spectrum using realistic models for parton-medium interactions. We show a flexible method which allows us to write the analytical expressions for the full in-medium spectrum, including the resummation of all multiple scatterings, in a form where the numerical evaluation can be easily performed without the need of the usually employed harmonic or first opacity approximation. We present the transverse momentum and energy-dependent medium-induced gluon emission distributions for known realistic interaction models to illustrate how our framework can be applied beyond the limited kinematic regions of previous calculations.

  71. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Simulating Neutrino Physics for JUNO"

    Presented by Rebekah Pestes, Virginia Tech

    Friday, February 14, 2020, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  72. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Shedding light on photon and dilepton spectral functions"

    Presented by Greg Jackson, University of Bern

    Thursday, February 13, 2020, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Photons and dileptons offer themselves as 'clean' probes of the quark-gluon plasma because they are unlikely to reinteract once produced. Their emission rates are given via the vector channel spectral function, an object that can ultimately be reconstructed by analytic continuation of lattice data. To confront perturbative results with that data, the NLO corrections are needed in all domains that affect the associated imaginary-time correlator, namely for energies above, below and in the vicinity of the light cone. We summarize recent progress here and, to control an unavoidable snag, we also determine these corrections for the transverse and longitudinal polarizations separately. Our results should help to scrutinize direct spectral reconstruction attempts from lattice QCD.

  73. Physics Colloquium

    "What ever happened to the WIMP of tomorrow?"

    Presented by Philip 'Flip' Tanedo, UC Riverside

    Tuesday, February 11, 2020, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Gopolang Mohlabeng

    The overwhelming observational evidence for the existence of dark matter is only matched by the awkward scarcity of information about what it might actually be. Laboratory searches for dark matter now appear to exclude many of the "weakly interacting massive particle" models that were favored by particle physicists for decades. Where does that leave the hunt for dark matter? If we've left the WIMP behind, what are we looking for? We give a brief, biased, and largely fictional history of the WIMP in order to establish what has and has not been excluded, and why it matters. This general-interest presentation grew out of discussions with astronomers who wanted to understand why some of their particle physics colleagues are "searching for WIMPs" while the others have decided to live in a "post-WIMP world".

  74. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Heavy flavor physics from ATLAS"

    Presented by Qipeng Hu, University of Colorado at Boulder

    Tuesday, February 11, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    In A+A collisions, heavy-flavor (charm and bottom) quarks are created at the initial stage of the collision and experience the entire QGP evolution. Therefore, they serve as penetrating probes that traverse the hot and dense medium, interact with the partonic constituents of the plasma and lose energy. Studies of production rate and azimuthal anisotropy of heavy-flavor hadrons provide insight into the energy loss mechanism and transport properties of heavy quarks in the QGP. To better understand the baseline of heavy quark—QGP interaction and the origin of the azimuthal anisotropy, it's crucial to extend the heavy-flavor measurements to smaller systems like p+Pb and pp collisions. In this seminar, selected results on the production and azimuthal anisotropy of the muons from charm and bottom hadron decays in pp, p+Pb and Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS experiments at the LHC will be shown. The implications for our understanding of the QGP properties by comparing the results with model calculations will be discussed.

  75. Special NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Partonic structure of the proton from large momentum effective theory"

    Presented by Xiangdong Ji

    Monday, February 10, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

  76. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "New tools for the quantum many-body problem"

    Presented by Dean Lee

    Friday, February 7, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    I discuss three new methods for the quantum many-body problem. The first is the pinhole trace algorithm for first principles calculations of nuclear thermodynamics. I will present lattice Monte Carlo results for the liquid-vapor critical point. The second is the eigenvector continuation method for extrapolation and interpolation of quantum wave functions. I will show how it can be used as a fast emulator for quantum many-body calculations and as a resummation method for divergent perturbative expansions. The third is the projected cooling algorithm for quantum computers. This method is able to construct the localized ground state of any Hamiltonian with a translationally-invariant kinetic energy and interactions that vanish at infinity.

  77. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Emergent phenomena from disorder on a 3D Topological Insulator surface"

    Presented by Yishuai Xu, New York University

    Friday, February 7, 2020, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    Three-dimensional topological insulators are bulk insulators with Z2 topological order that gives rise to Dirac surface states. These surface states are well protected against weak perturbations that do not break time-reversal symmetry, such as non-magnetic scalar potential disorder. However recent studies have shown that non-magnetic point defects can introduce new in-gap states. We developed a numerical model to simulate point defects on a TI surface, and performed linear-dichroic angle resolved photoemission (ARPES) to image these states in the surface electronic structure. We find that resonance states associated with the defects can hybridize with the Dirac cone surface state and create a kink-like feature in the band structure near the Dirac point. These resonance states are not Anderson localized even though they cluster around the defects sites, and at higher densities, the kink feature is predicted to evolve into a new distinct band that can support diffusive transport. We also present ARPES spectromicroscopy measurements that more clearly resolve the interplay of Dirac surface states with real-space structure.

  78. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "RIXS study of charge dynamics in cuprates"

    Presented by Jiaqi Lin, Chinese Academy of Sciences / BNL

    Thursday, February 6, 2020, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    The charge dynamics in cuprates is not comprehensively studied due to the limitation of experimental methods. Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is a technique that is capable of coupling to various types of excitations and recently has been established as a new way to probe charge density response. Here we use RIXS technique to study two types of charge excitations, the plasmon excitations in electron-doped cuprates and the charge density wave (CDW) excitations in hole-doped cuprates. 1) We track the doping dependence of charge excitations in electron-doped cuprates La2-xCexCuO4. From the resonant energy dependence and the out-of-plane momentum dependence, the charge excitations are identified as three-dimensional plasmons, which reflect the nature of the electronic structure and Coulomb repulsion on both short and long length scale. With increasing electron doping, the plasmon excitations increase monotonically in energy and life time, which reflects the reduction of short-range electronic correlation. 2) We report a comprehensive RIXS study of La2−xSrxCuO4 finding that CDW effects persist up to a remarkably high doping level of x = 0.21 before disappearing at x = 0.25. The inelastic excitation spectra remain essentially unchanged with doping despite crossing a topological transition in the Fermi surface. This indicates that the spectra contain little or no direct coupling to electronic excitations near the Fermi surface, rather they are dominated by the resonant cross-section for phonons and CDW-induced phonon-softening. We interpret our results in terms of a CDW that is generated by strong correlations and a phonon response that is driven by the CDW-induced modification of the lattice.

  79. Physics Colloquium

    "New opportunities in neutrino physics"

    Presented by Pedro Machado, Fermilab

    Tuesday, February 4, 2020, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

    In this colloquium I will briefly review the current status of neutrino physics and I will present new opportunities that will be unfolded by the future neutrino program. Some of these opportunities are incremental over past ones, while others are genuinely new. I will also emphasize the interplay between neutrino and other sectors in probing physics beyond the standard model.

  80. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Global and local polarization of Lambda hyperons in Au+Au collisions"

    Presented by Takafumi Niida

    Tuesday, February 4, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    The matter created in non-central heavy-ion collisions is expected to have an initial angular momentum carried by two colliding nuclei. Such an initial angular momentum would be transferred to the global polarization due to the spin-orbit coupling. The STAR Collaboration observed \Lambda global polarization in Au+Au collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}} = 7.7—200 GeV, indicating a thermal vorticity of the system. The detailed structure of the vorticity field may be complicated. Local vorticity and consequently the particle polarization may arise from jets and/or collective flow. In this talk, recent results on the polarization along the beam direction expected from the elliptic flow will be presented and the physics implications will be discussed with theoretical calculations.

  81. RIKEN Lunch Seminar - CANCELLED


    Presented by Yong Zhao, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Thursday, January 30, 2020, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 3-191

  82. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Effect of Zeeman coupling on the Majorana vortex modes in iron-based topological superconductors"

    Presented by Pouyan Ghaemi, The City College of New York

    Tuesday, January 28, 2020, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    In the superconducting regime of FeTe(1−x)Sex, there exist two types of vortices which are distinct by the presence or absence of zero energy states in their core. To understand their origin,we examine the interplay of Zeeman coupling and superconducting pairings in three-dimensional metals with band inversion. Weak Zeeman fields are found to suppress the intra-orbital spin-singlet pairing, known to localize the states at the ends of the vortices on the surface. On the other hand, an orbital-triplet pairing is shown to be stable against Zeeman interactions, but leads to delocalized zero-energy Majorana modes which extend through the vortex. In contrast, the finite-energy vortex modes remain localized at the vortex ends even when the pairing is of orbital-triplet form. Phenomenologically, this manifests as an observed disappearance of zero-bias peaks within the cores of vortices upon increase of the applied magnetic field. The presence of magnetic impurities in FeTe(1−x)Sex, which are attracted to the vortices, would lead to such Zeeman-induced delocalization of Majorana modes in a fraction of vortices that capture a large enough number of magnetic impurities. Our results provide a possible explanation to the dichotomy between topological and non-topological vortices recently observed in FeTe(1−x)Sex.

  83. HET Seminar

    "New physics in rare decays"

    Presented by Julian Heeck, UC Irvine

    Monday, January 27, 2020, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Despite its many successes, the Standard Model of particle physics cannot be the final description of nature at the most fundamental level. Additional elementary particles and interactions are an absolute necessity but have so far evaded our experimental efforts. I will highlight the importance of searches for processes that are forbidden within the Standard Model, as these make for clean signatures of new physics. Important examples are searches for lepton flavor violation and baryon number violation, which will be tested to unprecedented levels in upcoming experiments.

  84. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Towards precision event simulation for collider experiments"

    Presented by Stefan Hoeche, Fermilab

    Friday, January 24, 2020, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Experimental analyses during the high-luminosity era of the LHC will call for an unprecedented level of precision in event simulation. With the computation of hard cross sections at next-to-leading order accuracy a solved problem, the focus of development has now shifted towards automated precision resummation, i.e. the extension of parton-showers to next-to-leading order accuracy and beyond the leading-color approximation. At the same time, seemingly mundane problems like the consistent matching of four- and five-flavor calculations at next-to-leading order accuracy need to be tackled in order to make precision forecasts for the measurement of b-jet associated processes such as ttbb. I will discuss the theoretical foundations and practical implications of new algorithms that solve these problems and briefly touch on the readiness of event generators for the next generation high-performance computers.

  85. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "NLO impact factor for inclusive photon+dijet production in e+A DIS at small x"

    Presented by Kaushik Roy, Stony Brook

    Thursday, January 23, 2020, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    We present the first computation of the NLO photon+dijet impact factor in e+A DIS at small x. When combined with the extant results for the JIMWLK small x evolution to NLLx accuracy, this result provides us with a prediction of the photon+dijet cross-section in e+A DIS to O( (\alpha_S)^3 ln(1/x) ) accuracy. The comparison of this result with photon+dijet measurements at a future EIC therefore provides a precision test of the systematics of gluon saturation. In the soft photon limit, one obtains a compact representation of the state-of-the art results for fully inclusive DIS. The novel techniques developed in this computation can also be applied to promote existing LO computations of photon+dijet production in p+A collisions to NLO+NLLx accuracy.

  86. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Charmonia in Small Systems"

    Presented by Krista Smith, Florida State University

    Tuesday, January 21, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    in heavy systems, but has also become an interesting probe in small sys- tems, having been studied by ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, PHENIX and STAR. With the recent Nature paper PHENIX published regarding v2 and v3 coe_cients consistent with hydrodynamic ow and the possibil- ity of droplets of QGP present in small system collisions, measurements on the modi_cation of Charmonium in these same small systems have become increasingly relevant. We present the results of J/ measure- ments in the dimuon decay channel for a collection of di_erent systems at the same collision energy. These small systems include: p+p, p+Al, p+Au and 3He+Au at collision energy p SNN = 200 GeV. A comparison of Charmonium modi_cation in 3He+Au and p+Au data was made to look for e_ects of the increased energy present in the _nal state for the 3He+Au case. The results are presented in the form of the observable RAB, the nuclear modi_cation factor, as a function of rapidity, central- ity and transverse momentum, then compared with di_erent theoretical model predictions. Also included in this discussion are future plans to ex- tract the nuclear modi_cation factor for the (2s), the _rst excited state of the J/ meson.

  87. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Interlayer charge dynamics in metallic transition metal dichalcogenides"

    Presented by Edoardo Martino, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland

    Tuesday, January 21, 2020, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Christopher Homes

    Layered metallic transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are conventionally seen as two-dimensional conductors, despite a scarcity of systematic studies of the interlayer charge transport. Motivated by the prevailing strategy of functionalizing 2D materials by creating van der Waals heterostructures, we initiated an in-depth study of out-of-plane charge dynamics and emergent properties arising from interlayer coupling. Unprecedented results have been obtained thanks to employing Focused-ion-beam-assisted 3D microfabrication of samples, which enables tailoring geometry and current paths with submicron precision [1]. In this talk, I will present the first transport data revealing c-axis-oriented quasi-one- dimensional electronic states in 1T-TaS2, —a compound with the richest charge density wave phase diagram among TMDs. Temperature dependence of resistivity shows a robust coherent out-of-plane transport, while in-plane conduction is hindered by the presence of a unique nanoarray of charge density wave domains. Consequently, we interpret the highly debated metal-insulator transition in 1T-TaS2 as a Peierls-like instability of the c-axis-oriented orbital chains, in opposition to the long-standing Mott localization picture [2]. Among other highlights of our current research are the anomalous transport properties observed in natural heterostructures or arising from stacking faults. [1] Moll, P. J. (2018). Focused ion beam microstructuring of quantum matter. Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics, 9, 147-162. [2] Martino, E., Pisoni, A., Ciric, L., Arakcheeva, A., Berger, H., Akrap, A., ... & Forró, L. (2019). Preferential out-of-plane conduction and quasi-one-dimensional electronic states in layered van der Waals material 1T-TaS2. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.03817.

  88. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Symmetry Protected Topological Semimetals"

    Presented by Jennifer Cano, SUNY-Stony Brook

    Thursday, January 16, 2020, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    Topological semimetals can exhibit gapless Fermi arc surface states and unusual transport properties. I will discuss new aspects of the bulk-edge correspondence that elucidate the topological nature of Dirac fermions. I will then present the classification of nodal fermions in both magnetic and non-magnetic space groups. Finally, I will present an outlook for finding material realizations.

  89. CSI Q Seminar

    "Postponing the orthogonality catastrophe: efficient state preparation for electronic structure simulations on quantum devices"

    Presented by Norman Tubman, NASA Quantum Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

    Wednesday, January 15, 2020, 1:30 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    Despite significant work on resource estimation for quantum simulation of electronic systems, the challenge of preparing states with sufficient ground state support has so far been largely neglected. We investigate this issue in several systems of interest, including organic molecules, transition metal complexes, the uniform electron gas and Hubbard models. Our approach uses a state-of-the-art classical technique for high-fidelity ground state approximation. We find that easy-to-prepare single Slater determinants such as the Hartree-Fock state often have surprisingly robust support on the ground state for many applications of interest. For the most difficult systems, single-determinant reference states may be insufficient, but low-complexity reference states may suffice. For this we introduce a method for preparation of multi-determinant states on quantum computers.

  90. Physics Colloquium

    "The interface between Arts and Science, a multi-dimensional space"

    Presented by Helio Takai, Interim Dean, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, The Pratt Institute

    Tuesday, January 14, 2020, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: George Redlinger

    The interface between Arts and Science is wide and diverse. Art and Design covers a wide range of activities from Fine Arts to Digital Arts, from Fashion to Industrial Design, and Architecture. In this context, the disciplines of mathematics and sciences have a broad overlap with these creative practices. The science, and technology, from the knowledge of materials to software for virtual and augmented reality, are all foundations to the development of Arts and Design. In all of these areas, one of the main concerns today is the evolution of these practices in a sustainable and ecological manner. Biomaterials, Material Degradation, Software Development, and Robotics, are a few of the subjects relevant to Arts and Design. On the counter flux, Arts can bring new ways to communicate science to a large segment of the population. Art communicates a message through experiences. In this presentation, I will discuss the various interfaces between arts and science, and in particular, those that are relevant to the Pratt Institute.

  91. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Study of nuclear effects in small collision systems connecting proton-proton and heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Sanghoon Lim, Pusan National University

    Tuesday, January 14, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The main purpose of relativistic heavy-ion collision experiments is to understand Quark­Gluon Plasma (QGP) which is very hot and dense QCD matters produced in heavy-ion collisions. Early results from RHIC such as jet quenching and elliptic flow are supported for the formation of the QGP. In order to fully understand the properties of the QGP, it is very important to understand initial conditions before the QGP formation. Proton(deuteron)-ion collision is a control experiment to explore this kind of effects from intrinsic nucleus so called cold-nuclear-matter (CNM) effects such as modification of parton · distributions, energy loss, multiple scattering, and break-up of quarkonia states. Another striking results recently observed in small systems are long-range correlations which were believed as one of properties of the QGP. Now, the studies in small systems receives much more attention than that as a control experiment of heavy-ion collisions. I will introduce the interesting results in small collision systems as well as what we can learn from the expected measurements in the future.

  92. CSI Q Seminar

    "Quantum-Assisted Telescope Arrays"

    Presented by Emil Khabiboulline, Harvard University

    Monday, January 13, 2020, 3 pm
    Training Room, CSI Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Quantum networks provide a platform for astronomical interferometers capable of imaging faint stellar objects. We present a protocol with efficient use of quantum resources and modest quantum memories. In our approach, the quantum state of incoming photons along with an arrival time index is stored in a binary qubit code at each receiver. Nonlocal retrieval of the quantum state via entanglement-assisted parity checks at the expected photon arrival rate allows for direct extraction of phase difference, effectively circumventing transmission losses between nodes. Compared to prior proposals, our scheme (based on efficient quantum data compression) offers an exponential decrease in required entanglement bandwidth. We show that it can be operated as a broadband interferometer and generalized to multiple sites in the array. We also analyze how imaging based on the quantum Fourier transform provides improved signal-to-noise ratio compared to classical processing. Finally, we discuss physical realizations including photon detection-based quantum state transfer. Experimental implementation is then feasible with near-term technology, enabling optical imaging of astronomical objects akin to well-established radio interferometers and pushing resolution beyond what is practically achievable classically. References: Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 070504, Phys. Rev. A 100, 022316

  93. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Entropic elasticity and negative thermal expansion in crystalline solids"

    Presented by Igor Zaliznyak, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Thursday, January 9, 2020, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201

  94. HET Seminar

    "Precision Physics in the LHC Era"

    Presented by Pier Paolo Giardino, BNL

    Wednesday, January 8, 2020, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

  95. Physics Colloquium

    "The Proton Remains Puzzling"

    Presented by Haiyan Gao, Duke University

    Tuesday, January 7, 2020, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Nucleons (protons and neutrons) are the building blocks of atomic nuclei, and are responsible for more than 99% of the visible matter in the universe. Despite decades of efforts in studying its internal structure, there are still a number of puzzles surrounding the proton such as its spin, mass, and charge radius. The proton charge radius puzzle developed about ten years ago refers to a 5-7 sigma discrepancy between the ultrahigh precise values of the proton charge radius determined from muonic hydrogen Lamb shift measurements and the CODATA values compiled from electron-proton scattering experiments and hydrogen spectroscopy measurements. In this talk I will briefly introduce the proton spin and mass puzzles first. I will then focus on the proton charge radius puzzle, the latest experimental results, and especially the PRad experiment at Jefferson Lab and its result.

  96. Chemistry Department Colloquium

    "Design of high voltage all-solid-state batteries based on sulfide electrolytes"

    Presented by Xin Li, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University

    Tuesday, January 7, 2020, 2 pm
    Hamilton Seminar Room, Bldg. 555

    Hosted by: Enyuan Hu

    Ceramic sulfide solid-electrolytes are amongst the most promising materials for enabling solid-state lithium ion batteries. The ionic conductivities can meet or exceed liquid-electrolytes for such ceramic sulfides, however, there is a theoretical concern about the narrow electrochemical stability window of approximately 1.7-2.1 V vs lithium metal. In addition, ceramic sulfides are frequently plagued by interfacial reactions when combined with common electrode active materials. In this talk, methods for the stabilization of both the bulk electrochemical decompositions and the interfacial reactions will be discussed. Ceramic sulfides are known to substantially swell during electrochemical decay. Such swelling has been shown to provide viable means by which to stabilize electrochemical decomposition in lithium ion batteries. Experimental evidence and theoretical understanding of stability window expansion as the result of mechanical constriction will be discussed. An advanced mechanical constriction technique is applied on all-solid-state batteries constructed with Li10GeP2S12 (LGPS) as the electrolyte and lithium metal as the anode. The decomposition pathway of LGPS at the anode interface is modified by this mechanical constriction and the growth of lithium dendrite is inhibited, leading to excellent rate and cycling performances. On the cathode side, 5V all-solid-state batteries using layered LiCoO2 and spinel as cathodes will be presented and the stabilization mechanisms will be discussed. A combination of electrochemical battery tests, SEM, XAS, XPS and XRD characterizations, and DFT simulations was used. Biosketch Xin Li is an associate professor of materials science at School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) at Harvard University, who was an assistant professor at SEAS from 2015 to 2019. Xin Li's research group designs new energy storage materials through advanced characterizations and simulations, with the current focus on solid s

  97. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Physics with heavy ions and exotic hadrons at LHCb"

    Presented by Matt Durham, Los Alamos National Lab

    Tuesday, January 7, 2020, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The LHCb Experiment has a growing program dedicated to heavy ion physics. With full tracking, particle ID, and calorimetry capabilities over the forward rapidity interval 2 < y < 5, LHCb covers a unique kinematic range at the LHC. This allows LHCb to fully reconstruct heavy quark states that are sensitive to the very low x structure of nucleons, as well as characterize exotic states that may be composed of more than three valence quarks. This talk will discuss recent results from the LHCb heavy ion program, with a focus on using heavy ion data and techniques to probe the structure of exotic hadrons.

  98. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "From Qubits to Quarks: Parton Physics on a Quantum Computer"

    Presented by Scott Lawrence

    Friday, December 20, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    Quantum computers provide a unique way of computing real-time correlators from first principles, a task not yet achievable on classical computers due to the sign problem. The determination of the hadronic tensor on the Euclidean lattice is obstructed by the difficulty of converting Euclidean correlators to real-time correlators. This is a match made in heaven: a lattice field theory simulation on a quantum computer may provide access to PDFs. In this talk we discuss the way in which a quantum computer may naturally solve this problem, outline recent progress on simulating field theories on a quantum computer, and detail the resources needed to perform such a calculation.

  99. CSI Q Seminar

    "Probing quantum entanglement at the Electron Ion Collider"

    Presented by Dmitri Kharzeev, Stony Brook University and BNL

    Wednesday, December 18, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    The structure functions measured in deep-inelastic scattering are related to the entropy of entanglement between the region probed by the virtual photon and the rest of the hadron. This opens new possibilities for experimental and theoretical studies using the Electron Ion Collider. The real-time evolution of the final state in deep-inelastic scattering can be addressed with quantum simulations using the duality between high energy QCD and the Heisenberg spin chain.

  100. Physics Colloquium

    "3D imaging of nuclei: status towards an EIC"

    Presented by Kawtar Hafiti, ANL

    Tuesday, December 17, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Thomas Ullrich

  101. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Helicity-dependent generalization of the JIMWLK evolution and MV model"

    Presented by Florian Cougoulic

    Friday, December 13, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    The small-x evolution equations for the quark and gluon helicity distribution have recently been constructed by finding sub-eikonal corrections to the eikonal shock wave formalism. Those equations are written for correlators of infinite light-cone Wilson lines along with the so-called polarized Wilson lines. Those equations close in the large N_c-limit (N_c is the number of quark colors), but also in the large N_c & N_f-limit (N_f is the number of quark flavors). However, in the shock wave formalism, no closed form can be obtained for arbitrary value of N_c and N_f. For the unpolarized case, the generalization of the Balitsky-Kovchegov equation is done by the Jalilian-Marian—Iancu—McLerran—Weigert—Leonidov—Kovner (JIMWLK) functional evolution equation. Such an approach for the small-x evolution of the helicity is beneficial for numerical evaluation at finite N_c and N_f (beyond previously used limit), and for the evaluation of helicity-dependent operator with an arbitrary number of Wilson lines. We derive an analogue of the JIMWLK evolution equation for the small-x evolution of helicity distributions and obtain an evolution equation for the target weight functional.

  102. CSI Q Seminar

    "Integrating ballistic graphene with superconducting resonators - A new building block for detectors and quantum circuits"

    Presented by Olli Saira, BNL

    Wednesday, December 11, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    I present measurements of a bolometer device based on boron nitride-encapsulated graphene operating at temperatures of 300 mK and below. Our experiment probes the exquisite properties of graphene that make it an appealing material for detector applications. First, the specific heat of electronic excitations in graphene is low, promising excellent sensitivity as a thermal photodetector. Second, at low temperatures, superconductivity can be induced in a localized region within the flake. This enables the integration of graphene with superconducting microwave circuits routinely used in quantum processors and astronomical detector arrays. Our initial results demonstrate the operating principle of a graphene bolometer with resonator-coupled temperature readout. However, we also observed unexpected heat leakage out of the flake in our first-generation device, which prevented it from reaching its full theoretical performance.

  103. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "High-Intensity Magnetron H- Ion Sources and Injector Development at BNL LINAC"

    Presented by Dr. Anatoli Zelenski, BNL

    Tuesday, December 10, 2019, 4 pm
    BLDG 911B, Large Conference Room

    Hosted by: Binping Xiao

  104. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "In-situ TEM sample-management solutions Wildfire and Lightning Heating and Biasing – capturing real dynamics in TEM"

    Presented by Yevheniy Pivak, DENSsolutions

    Monday, December 9, 2019, 11 am
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Shaobo Cheng

    DENSsolutions offers a complete suite of in-situ sample management solutions for unrivalled high resolution imaging in Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM) under varying environmental conditions including Heating, Biasing, Gases & Liquids. This presentation is aimed at researchers that want to observe their materials in varying real-time dynamic In-situ TEM environments at high resolution. The format of the presentation will include an explanation to the theory behind DENSsolutions' MEMS-based technology, along with brief products introduction. The main topic of the presentation is the Heating and/or Biasing system and its application in the fields of materials science, chemistry and microelectronics. Application examples such as solar cells, ceramics, ReRam, batteries, 2D materials and more will be covered.

  105. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Probing Quark-Gluon Plasma at high resolution"

    Presented by Amit Kumar

    Friday, December 6, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    In the study of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, jet quenching plays an essential role as hard probes of the properties of the dense strongly interacting matter. In this talk, we present an attempt to probe the underlying structure of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) at high resolution, based on the extracted jet transport coefficient \hat{q}. We argue that the exchanged momentum k between the hard parton and the medium varies over a range of scales, and for k ≥ 1 GeV, \hat{q} can be expressed in terms of a parton distribution function (PDF). Calculations, based on this reconstructed \hat{q} are compared to data sensitive to the hardcore of jets i.e., the single hadron suppression in terms of the nuclear modification factor R_{AA} and the azimuthal anisotropy parameter v_{2}, as a function of transverse momentum p_{T}, centrality and energy of the collision. It is demonstrated that the scale evolution of the QGP-PDF is responsible for the reduction in the normalization of \hat{q} between fits to Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data; a puzzle, first discovered by the JET collaboration.

  106. Particle Physics Seminar

    "A New Paradigm for Dark Matter Search at the LHC"

    Presented by Yangyang Cheng, Cornell University

    Thursday, December 5, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Ketevi Assamagan

    The existence of dark matter (DM), through astrophysical and cosmological observations, presents some of the most striking evidence of physics beyond the Standard Model. Stringent limits have been placed on DM as a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) from direct and indirection detection as well as collider experiments. If instead of one type of DM particle, nature contains a complex dark sector, the new hidden particles can evade existing DM limits and most direct detection experiments, but may be produced at high-energy colliders like the LHC. Many dark sector models predict long-lived particles with striking collider signature, opening an exciting new paradigm for dark matter search. This talk overviews the landscape for dark matter search, and introduces the physics motivation for a complex dark sector with long-lived particles. It then describes two types of signature-driven dark sector searches at the CMS experiment, for a dark shower and for displaced lepton jets. Finally, the talk discusses prospects for dark sector searches at the High-Luminosity LHC with detector and trigger upgrades, in particular how the new forward detectors and enhanced timing capabilities can reach new phase spaces and sensitivities.

  107. CSI Q Seminar

    "Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor"

    Presented by Pedram Roushan, Google

    Wednesday, December 4, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    The promise of quantum computers is that certain computational tasks might be executed exponentially faster on a quantum processor than on a classical processor1. A fundamental challenge is to build a high-fidelity processor capable of running quantum algorithms in an exponentially large computational space. Here we report the use of a processor with programmable superconducting qubits to create quantum states on 53 qubits, corresponding to a computational state-space of dimension 2^53. Measurements from repeated experiments sample the resulting probability distribution, which we verify using classical simulations. Our Sycamore processor takes about 200 seconds to sample one instance of a quantum circuit a million times—our benchmarks currently indicate that the equivalent task for a state-of-the-art classical supercomputer would take approximately 10,000 years. This dramatic increase in speed compared to all known classical algorithms is an experimental realization of quantum supremacy for this specific computational task, heralding a much-anticipated computing paradigm.

  108. Special NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Elementary correlation functions in QCD and their application"

    Presented by Nicolas Wink, Heidelberg

    Wednesday, December 4, 2019, 10 am
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    The knowledge of all elementary correlation functions in a theory is sufficient to access all possible observables. The computation of these correlation functions in QCD within the Functional Renormalization Group is outlined. For applications, the shear and bulk viscosity in Yang-Mills, as well as diffusive transport for the critical mode in a Low-Energy Effective Theory of QCD are discussed.

  109. Physics Colloquium

    "The First Stage of the International Linear Collider"

    Presented by James Brau, University of Oregon

    Tuesday, December 3, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: George Redlinger

    The International Linear Collider is now proposed to begin with a first stage at 250 GeV with an initial integrated luminosity goal of 2 ab−1. I will review the plan for the collider and detectors, the key physics expectations, and recent international discussions. The key physics goal of the ILC250 is precision measurements of the Higgs boson couplings. The exceptional precision of model-independent measurements of all major decay modes makes this program sensitive to possible anomalies due to new physics beyond the Standard Model. Other physics goals will be addressed briefly. The ILC250 infrastructure will support an upgrade future of experiments with e+e− collisions at higher energy up to 1 TeV, building on the success of the first 250 GeV stage.

  110. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Initial state fluctuations of QCD conserved charges in heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Matt Sievert

    Tuesday, December 3, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alba Soto Ontoso

    We initialize the Quantum Chromodynamic conserved charges of baryon number, strangeness, and electric charge arising from gluon splitting into quark-antiquark pairs for the initial conditions of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. A new Monte Carlo procedure that can sample from a generic energy density profile is presented, called Initial Conserved Charges in Nuclear Geometry (ICCING), based on quark and gluon multiplicities derived within the color glass condensate (CGC) effective theory. We find that while baryon number and electric charge have nearly identical geometries to the energy density profile, the initial strangeness distribution is considerable more eccentric and is produced primarily at the hot spots corresponding to temperatures of T > 400 MeV for PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV.

  111. Special Physics Colloquium

    "FCC-ee at CERN: High Precision and High Luminosity at the Electroweak Scale"

    Presented by Alain Blondel, Guest Professor at CERN

    Monday, December 2, 2019, 11 am
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Maria Chamizo-Llatas / George Redlinger

    Abstract: The discovery of the Higgs boson completed the Standard model and particle physics enters a new era, in which new phenomena are required, but at unknown energy scale and coupling strength. This requires a broad program of searches. The broadest program is offered by the Future Circular Collider (FCC) project at CERN, with a ultimate goal of reaching > 100 TeV in pp collisions. The first step of this program is a circular e+e- collider, offering unprecedented levels or precision and sensitivity to feebly coupled particles. Bio: Alain Blondel is Professor emeritus from University of Geneva and guest professor at CERN. He is leading the effort of physics and experiments for the Future Circular Collider FCC-ee at CERN, a high luminosity e+ e- machine able to produce 5x1012 Z, 108 WW events, 2x106 ZH events and more than 106 top quark pairs. The proposals for the FCC were just submitted to the CERN European Strategy for Particle Physics, which hopefully will endorse the FCC 100km facility around CERN providing powerful means to search for answers to the big questions. He previously worked in the T2K experiment, preparing HyperK, towards neutrino CP violation. He has a long career since 1974, with the Gargamelle experiment and LEP as highlights, and was awarded a number of prizes for his creative work, in particular on the determination of the number of neutrinos and the prediction of the top quark mass from radiative corrections.

  112. Physics Colloquium

    "A High Energy High-Luminosity Electron-Positron Collider using Energy Recovery Linacs"

    Presented by Thomas Roser, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Tuesday, November 26, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Dmitri Denisov / George Redlinger

    I will present an alternative approach for a high-energy high-luminosity electron-positron collider. Present designs for high-energy electron-positron colliders are either based on two storage rings with 100 km circumference with a maximum CM energy of 365 GeV or two large linear accelerators with a high energy reach but lower luminosity, especially at the lower initial CM energies. A collider based on storage rings has a high electric power consumption required to compensate for the beam energy losses from the 100 MW of synchrotron radiation power. Using an Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) located in the same-size 100 km tunnel would greatly reduce the beam energy losses while providing higher luminosity in this high-energy collider. Furthermore, this approach could allow for colliding fully polarized electron and positron beams and for extending the CM energy to 600 GeV, which would enable double-Higgs production and the production and measurements of the top Yukawa coupling.

  113. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Critical gravitational collapse and thermalization in small systems"

    Presented by Paul Chesler, Harvard University

    Friday, November 22, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Karthik

  114. Particle Physics Seminar

    Presented by Stefano Zambito, Harvard University

    Thursday, November 21, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Viviana Cavaliere

    "After the discovery of the Higgs Boson, the predictions of the Standard Model of particle physics can be extrapolated without inconsistencies all the way up to the Planck mass. Despite this tremendous success, we still remain in the dark about many open puzzles. Why is the weak interaction much stronger than gravity? What is the nature of Dark Matter? Are the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces a lower-energy manifestation of one single fundamental interaction? A possible solution to these questions is provided by Supersymmetry. The key assumption behind many natural supersymmetric models is that the masses of the gluinos, the top squarks and the higgsinos are near the TeV scale, thus within the LHC reach. In this presentation, I will introduce some of the theoretical and phenomenological arguments that motivate the quest for Supersymmetry. I will then outline how I searched for the above-mentioned particles using LHC Run-2 data collected by the ATLAS experiment. Finally, I will focus on my vision of the future and my research plans in high-energy experimental physics."

  115. CANCELLED - RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Shedding light on photon and dilepton spectral functions"

    Presented by Greg Jackson, University of Bern

    Thursday, November 21, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Photons and dileptons offer themselves as 'clean' probes of the quark-gluon plasma because they are unlikely to reinteract once produced. Their emission rates are given via the vector channel spectral function, an object that can ultimately be reconstructed by analytic continuation of lattice data. To confront perturbative results with that data, the NLO corrections are needed in all domains that affect the associated imaginary-time correlator, namely for energies above, below and in the vicinity of the light cone. We summarize recent progress here and, to control an unavoidable snag, we also determine these corrections for the transverse and longitudinal polarizations separately. Our results should help to scrutinize direct spectral reconstruction attempts from lattice QCD.

  116. CSI Q Seminar

    "Designing Two-Qubit Gates for Exchange-Only Quantum Computation"

    Presented by Nick Bonesteel, Florida State University and NHMFL

    Wednesday, November 20, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Conference room 201, Bldg 734

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    In exchange-only quantum computation, qubits are encoded using three or more spin-1/2 particles and quantum gates can be performed by switching on and off, or "pulsing", the isotropic exchange interaction between spins. Finding efficient pulse sequences for realizing two-qubit gates in this way is complicated by the large search space in which they live, and has typically involved numerical brute force search. Here I will give a simple analytic derivation of the most efficient known exchange-pulse sequence for carrying out a controlled-NOT gate, originally found numerically by Fong and Wandzura. I will then show how the ideas behind this derivation can be used to analytically find new pulse sequences for two-qubit gates beyond controlled-NOT.

  117. Physics Colloquium

    "Towards a quantum internet, and its applications"

    Presented by Thomas Jennewein, University of Waterloo

    Tuesday, November 19, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Quantum information processing and quantum communication are novel protocols that originate from the very fundamental and philosophical questions on superposition and entanglement raised since the early days of quantum mechanics. Strikingly, these new protocols offer capabilities beyond communication task possible with classical physics. One very important example is the secure key exchange based on the transmission of individual quantum signals between communication partners. The big vision and frontier in the field of quantum communication research is the development of a Quantum Internet, which establishes entanglement between many different users and devices. The basic idea is that similar to today's internet, the Quantum Internet will readily transfer quantum bits, rather than today's classical bits, between users near and far and over multiple different channels and could be used for secure communications, quantum computer networks and metrological applications. I will discuss recent advances on implementations and tools useful for generating and distributing photonic quantum entanglement over robust channels including time-bin encoding and reference-frame-free protocols. I will also present an overview of the upcoming Canadian quantum communication satellite QEYSSAT.

  118. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Polarized Positron Beams at the Electron-Ion Collider - What physics can be done"

    Presented by Dr. Eric Voutier, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, CNRS/IN2P3 Université Paris-Sud & Université Paris-Saclay

    Tuesday, November 19, 2019, 11 am
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Salvatore Fazio

  119. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Cosmology: Halo splashback detection"

    Presented by Tae-Hyeon Shin, UPenn

    Thursday, November 14, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Thomas McClintock

  120. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The NA62 experiment at CERN: recent results and prospects"

    Presented by Dr Evgueni Goudzovski

    Thursday, November 14, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Steve Kettell

    The NA62 experiment at CERN dedicated to measurements of ultra-rare decays of the charged kaon with the decay-in-flight technique collected a large data set corresponding to 6*10^{12} kaon decays in 2016-2018. The first NA62 results based on parts this data set are presented, including the search for the K+—>pi+nunu decay, as well as searches for lepton number violation and production of heavy neutral leptons in kaon decays. Prospects for these and other measurements are discussed in view of the second NA62 run foreseen in 2021-2024.

  121. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Revisiting the discovery potential of the isobar run at RHIC"

    Presented by Alba Soto Ontoso, BNL

    Thursday, November 14, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    During the spring of 2018, the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider carried out an isobar run consisting of Ru+Ru and Zr+Zr collisions at 200 GeV. The main objective of such experimental program was the unambiguous observation of a Chiral Magnetic Effect-driven charge separation. In this talk, I will demonstrate how an experimentally confirmed property of the nuclear structure of Zr, i.e. its neutron skin, significantly reduces the feasibility of such a finding. This study provides a much needed theoretical baseline to meaningfully interpret the recorded experimental data by combining state-of-the art nuclear structure techniques with a dynamical description of heavy-ion collisions in terms of a novel transport model, SMASH.

  122. CSI Q Seminar

    "Quantum Information: History, Development and Applications"

    Presented by Vladimir Korepin, Stony Brook University

    Wednesday, November 13, 2019, 11 am
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    History of quantum information will be mentioned. Followed by comments on modern developments. Current projects of the speaker [spin chains and quantum search] will be briefly described.

  123. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological transition on anisotropic hexagonal lattices and effective phonon model for the Quantum Hall transition"

    Presented by Andreas Sinner, University of Augsburg, Germany

    Tuesday, November 12, 2019, 1 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    The topology of the band structure, which is determined by the lattice symmetries, has a strong influence on the transport properties. We consider an anisotropic honeycomb lattice and study the effect of a continuously deformed band structure on the conductivity and optical properties. We find a strong suppression of the conductivity in one direction and increment by several orders in another which leand to a considerable change of optical properties. We further study a gap generation in a two-dimensional Dirac fermion system which are coupled to in-plane phonons. At sufficiently strong electron-phonon interaction a gap appears in the spectrum of fermions. The structure of elementary excitations above the gap in the corresponding phase reveals the presence of scale invariant parity breaking terms which resemble Chern-Simons excitations. The Kubo formula remyields quantized Hall plateaux. References: EPL 119, 27001 (2017); PRB 97, 235411 (2018); PRB 93, 125112 (2016); Ann. Phys. 400, 262 (2018); arxiv:1908.00442.

  124. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "Underpinning the nuclear fuel cycle with synchrotron and laboratory based X-ray absorption spectroscopy"

    Presented by Neil Hyatt, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

    Friday, November 8, 2019, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    Nuclear energy provides about 30% of the world's low carbon electricity supply, from more than 450 civil nuclear reactors. The supporting nuclear fuel cycle comprises a suite of industrial processes, which transform uranium ore into nuclear fuel, and support reactor operations, decommissioning, waste management, and geological disposal. This seminar will highlight three case studies in the application of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) in the nuclear fuel cycle, embracing environmental contamination, nuclear forensics, and radioactive waste management. In addition to exploitation of state of the art micro-focus multi-modal beamlines at synchrotron light sources, I will also show how we are using new developments in laboratory based XAS instrumentation, to probe element speciation in nuclear materials.

  125. CSI Q Seminar

    "Many-body physics with atoms and molecules under quantum control"

    Presented by Sebastain Will, Columbia University

    Thursday, November 7, 2019, 3 pm
    Conference room 201, Bldg 734

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    Over the past decade, quantum simulators based on ultracold atoms have emerged as a powerful tool to address open questions in strongly interacting systems and nonequilibrium quantum dynamics that have relevance in all areas of physics, from strongly correlated materials to cosmology. Today, quantum simulators based on ultracold dipolar molecules are within experimental reach, which exploit long-range dipole-dipole interactions and will give access to new classes of strongly correlated many-body systems. In this talk, I will present our efforts towards quantum simulation with ultracold dipolar molecules. In trailblazing experiments we have demonstrated the creation of ultracold molecules via atom-by-atom assembly, which yields complete control over the molecular degrees of freedom, including electronic, vibrational, rotational, and nuclear spin states. Exploiting this control, we have observed long nuclear spin coherence times in molecular ensembles, which makes ultracold molecules an interesting candidate for the realization of a long-lived quantum memory. In addition, the dipole-dipole interactions between molecules can be flexibly tuned via external electrostatic and microwave fields. This motivates our current work towards two-dimensional systems of strongly interacting molecules, which promises access to novel quantum phases, will enable high-speed simulation of quantum magnetism, and points towards potential quantum computing schemes based on ultracold molecules. In the end, I will briefly present our new project on enhancing quantum coherence by dissipation in programmable atomic arrays. For this effort we will develop a novel nanophotonic platform that will enable trapping of individual atoms in optical tweezer arrays with unprecedented accuracy and high-speed tunability.

  126. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Latest neutrino cross-section results from MicroBooNE"

    Presented by Dr. Kirsty Duffy, FNAL

    Thursday, November 7, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    MicroBooNE, the Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment at Fermilab, is an 85-ton active mass liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) located in the Booster Neutrino Beam at Fermilab. The LArTPC technology with 3mm wire spacing enables high-precision imaging of neutrino interactions, which leads to high-efficiency, low-threshold measurements with full angular coverage. As the largest liquid argon detector worldwide taking neutrino beam data, MicroBooNE provides a unique opportunity to investigate neutrino interactions in neutrino-argon scattering at O(1 GeV) energies. These measurements are of broad interest to neutrino physicists because of their application to Fermilab Short Baseline Neutrino program and the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (which will both rely on LArTPC technology), as well as the possibility for new insights into A-dependent effects in neutrino scattering on heavier targets such as argon. In this seminar I will present the most recent cross-section results from MicroBooNE, including measurements of inclusive charged-current neutrino scattering, neutral pion production, and low-energy protons. Many of the results I will show represent the first measurements of these interactions on argon nuclei, as well as an exciting demonstration of the potential of LArTPC detector technology to improve our current understanding of neutrino scattering physics.

  127. Physics Colloquium

    "Changing Flavor: the Universe's Weirdest Particle"

    Presented by Kirsty Duffy - Leona Woods Award Winner, FNAL

    Tuesday, November 5, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Neutrinos are some of the most abundant–but elusive–constituents of matter in the universe. It has been firmly established that neutrinos can change flavor (or "oscillate"), as recognized by the 2015 Nobel Prize, and in recent years the field has moved beyond the "discovery" phase to focus on precise measurements of the parameters that determine neutrino oscillation. As our understanding improves, it opens doors to new discoveries about the nature of this little-understood particle. This is a very exciting time in neutrino physics there exists a wealth of fascinating questions to investigate, including recent tantalizing hints of large neutrino-sector CP violation, and we are rapidly developing the tools to answer them. As the United States HEP community leads the next generation of neutrino oscillation experiments, I will give an overview of the field: from the initial discovery of the neutrino, to the first evidence for oscillation, to the most recent results from current long-baseline oscillation experiments such as T2K and NOvA. I will finish by discussing the exciting future prospect of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment and the liquid argon time projection chamber technology that makes it possible, including recent results and examples from my own work on MicroBooNE, a liquid argon neutrino detector currently taking data at Fermilab

  128. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Neutrino Windows to New Physics"

    Presented by Julia Gehrlein

    Friday, November 1, 2019, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

  129. Special NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Relaxation Time for Strange Quark Spin in Rotating Quark-Gluon Plasma"

    Presented by Joseph Kapusta

    Thursday, October 31, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

  130. CSI Q Seminar

    "Characterizing readout in quantum computers: does the reading '0' really mean 0 and '1' really 1?"

    Presented by Tzu-Chieh Wei, Stony Brook University

    Wednesday, October 30, 2019, 3 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    Typical quantum computation includes three stages: state initialization, gate operations and readout. There are tomographic tools on quantum state and process tomography, as well as one that is often ignored, i.e. the detector tomography. It is important to characterize the readout in interpreting experiments on quantum computers. We use quantum detector tomography to characterize the qubit readout in terms of measurement POVMs on IBM Quantum Computers (e.g. IBM Q 5 Tenerife and IBM Q 5 Yorktown). Our results suggest that the characterized detector model deviates from the ideal projectors, ranging from 10 to 40 percent. This is mostly dominated by classical errors, evident from the shrinkage of arrows in the corresponding Bloch-vector representations. There are also small deviations that are not `classical', of order 3 percent or less, represented by the tilt of the arrows from the z axis. Further improvement on this characterization can be made by adopting two- or more-qubit detector models instead of independent single-qubit detectors for all the qubits in one device. We also find evidence indicating correlations in the detector behavior, i.e. the detector characterization is slightly altered (to a few percent) when other qubits and their detectors are in operation. Such peculiar behavior is consistent with characterization from the more sophisticated approach of the gate set tomography. Finally, we also discuss how the characterized detectors' POVM, despite deviation from the ideal projectors, can be used to estimate the ideal detection distribution.

  131. Physics Colloquium

    "New Physics Probes in Future Neutrino Experiments"

    Presented by Peter Denton, BNL

    Tuesday, October 29, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    Neutrino physics is a broad and diverse field, both experimentally and theoretically. As the standard oscillation picture begins to settle we are moving into an era where precise tests of the neutrino picture can be made. In this talk I will discuss the present and future status of many theoretical probes and a broad range of experiments spanning twenty orders of magnitude in neutrino energy. In particular, I will highlight the strongly interconnected nature of new physics studies in the neutrino sector.

  132. Computational Science Initiative Event

    "Learning Parameters and Constitutive Relationships with Physics-Informed Machine Learning Methods"

    Presented by Alexandre Tartakovsky, Computational Mathematics in the Advanced Computing, Mathematics and Data Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    Monday, October 28, 2019, 11 am
    Bldg. 725 training room

    Hosted by: Kerstin Kleese van Dam

  133. Chemistry Department Colloquium

    "Electronic Cooperativity in Supported Single and Multinuclear-Sites for Catalytic C-C and C-H Bond Functionalization"

    Presented by Dr. Massimiliano Delferro, Argonne National Laboratory

    Monday, October 28, 2019, 11 am
    Hamilton Seminar Room, Bldg. 555

    Hosted by: Sanjaya Senanayake

    Systematic study of the interactions between organometallic catalysts and metal oxide support materials is essential for the realization of rational design in heterogeneous catalysis. In this talk, I will describe the stoichiometric and catalytic chemistry of a series of organometallic complex chemisorbed on a variety of metal oxides as a multifaceted probe for stereoelectronic communication between the support and organometallic center. Electrophilic bond activation was explored in the context of stoichiometric hydrogenolysis as well as catalytic hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, and H/D exchange. Strongly acidic modified metal oxides such as sulfated zirconia engender high levels of activity toward electrophilic bond activation of both sp2 and sp3 C–H bonds, including the rapid activation of methane at room temperature; however, the global trend for the supports studied here does not suggest a direct correlation between activity and surface Brønsted acidity, and more complex metal surface interactions are at play.

  134. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Detectability of phase transitions from multi-messenger observations"

    Presented by Sophia Han, Ohio University

    Friday, October 25, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Nikhil Karthik

    There is as yet no firm evidence for quark matter in neutron stars. This is mainly because of the lack of direct probes of the opaque neutron star interior, and the lack of clear qualitative difference between hadronic and quark phases. The detection of GW170817 has offered a first example of how gravitational waves can be used to constrain the equation of state (EoS) of ultra-dense matter. We shall discuss taking into account currently available information how to reveal possible phase transitions in neutron stars: the steadily growing body of astrophysical data and supported laboratory experiments should eventually allow us to narrow down the options by combining these various observations. We survey the proposed signatures of exotic matter, and emphasize the importance of data from neutron star mergers.

  135. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Engineering magnetism with light with the novel photovoltaic perovskite CH3NH3PbI3"

    Presented by László Forró, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

    Thursday, October 24, 2019, 2:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    The demand for ever-increasing density of information storage and speed of manipulation boosts an intense search for new magnetic materials and novel ways of controlling the magnetic bit. Here, we report the synthesis of a ferromagnetic photovoltaic CH3NH3(Mn:Pb)I3 material in which the photo-excited electrons rapidly melt the local magnetic order through the Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yosida interactions without heating up the spin system (1). Similar effect was observed in La1-xSrxMnO3/CH3NH3PbI3 heterostructure in which Tc can be tuned by x (2). The observed optical melting of magnetism could be of practical importance, for example, in a magnetic thin film of a hard drive, where a small magnetic writing field could change the magnetic bit. Our method needs only a low-power visible light source, providing isothermal switching, and a small magnetic guide-field to overcompensate the stray field of neighboring bits. Acknowledgment: The work has been performed in collaboration with B. Náfrádi, E. Horváth, A, Arakcheeva, P. Szirmai, M. Spina, H. Lee, O.V. Yazyev, D. Chernyshov, and many others. The research was partially supported by the ERC Advanced Grant (PICOPROP#670918). Reference : 1. Nafradi et al, Nature Communications, 7, 13406, (2016) 2. Nafradi et al, submitted to PNAS

  136. CSI Q Seminar

    "Universal logical gate sets with constant-depth circuits for topological and hyperbolic quantum codes"

    Presented by Guanyu Zhu, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center

    Wednesday, October 23, 2019, 3 pm
    Conference Room 201, Bldg 734

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    A fundamental question in the theory of quantum computation is to understand the ultimate space-time resource costs for performing a universal set of logical quantum gates to arbitrary precision. To date, common approaches for implementing a universal logical gate set, such as schemes utilizing magic state distillation, require a substantial space-time overhead. In this work, we show that braids and Dehn twists, which generate the mapping class group of a generic high genus surface and correspond to logical gates on encoded qubits in arbitrary topological codes, can be performed through a constant depth circuit acting on the physical qubits. In particular, the circuit depth is independent of code distance d and system size. The constant depth circuit is composed of a local quantum circuit, which implements a local geometry deformation, and a permutation of qubits. When applied to anyon braiding or Dehn twists in the Fibonacci Turaev-Viro code based on the Levin-Wen model, our results demonstrate that a universal logical gate set can be implemented on encoded qubits in O(1) time through a constant depth unitary quantum circuit, and without increasing the asymptotic scaling of the space overhead. Our results for Dehn twists can be extended to the context of hyperbolic Turaev-Viro codes as well, which have constant space overhead (constant rate encoding). This implies the possibility of achieving a space-time overhead of O(d/log d), which is optimal to date. From a conceptual perspective, our results reveal a deep connection between the geometry of quantum many-body states and the complexity of quantum circuits. References: arXiv:1806.06078,arXiv:1806.02358, Quantum 3, 180 (2019) (arXiv:1901.11029).

  137. Physics Colloquium

    "KATRIN and the Neutrino Mass Scale"

    Presented by Diana Parno, Carnegie Mellon University

    Tuesday, October 22, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Ever since it was first hypothesized 89 years ago, the strange and ghostly particle called the neutrino has mystified and inspired particle and nuclear physicists. After decades of experimental and theoretical work, we have now firmly established that neutrinos have mass, and yet their absolute mass scale remains unknown. Now, after many years of painstaking design, construction, and commissioning work, the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino experiment (KATRIN) has recently improved the world's best direct neutrino-mass sensitivity by a factor of 2, with more improvements to come. I will give a tour of KATRIN's 70-m beamline, share some of our adventures with engineering challenges and novel backgrounds, describe our spectral fits and systematic uncertainties, and show a glimpse of KATRIN's future.

  138. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "The bulk viscosity of QCD in the chiral limit"

    Presented by Derek Teaney, Stony Brook

    Friday, October 18, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    In the chiral limit, the long distance effective theory of QCD at finite temperature is not hydrodynamics but a kind of non-abelian superfluid hydrodynamics. We describe this theory and its viscous corrections, including also a correction due to the finite quark mass. At finite quark mass, the long distance theory is ordinary hydrodynamics, and the superfluid theory then just determines non-analytic in the quark mass corrections to the transport coefficients of QCD, akin to the "long time tails" of hydro. We show how this works out for the bulk viscosity. In chiral perturbation theory the dissipative parameters of the superfluid theory can be computed diagrammatically, and we do this. These results then determine the leading order the bulk viscosity of the pion gas close to the chiral limit.

  139. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Bottomonia in QGP from lattice QCD: Beyond the ground states"

    Presented by Rasmus Larsen, BNL

    Thursday, October 17, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Using novel lattice (non-relativistic) QCD techniques, for the first time, we will present results pertaining to the fate of Υ(1S), Υ(2S) and Υ(3S) in QGP. We will present results on how the masses of these states change with temperature, as well as how their spatial sizes change. Finally, we will also show new lattice QCD results on excited P-wave bottomonia in QGP.

  140. Physics Colloquium

    "Trapped Ion Quantum Computers"

    Presented by Boris Blinov, University of Washington

    Tuesday, October 15, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    System of cold trapped atomic ions has all key features necessary for implementing quantum computation, and many demonstrations of high fidelity quantum logic gates, high fidelity information storage and readout have been made in recent years. However, scalability remains an elusive goal. I will describe one possible avenue to a scalable ion trap quantum computing architecture known as the MUSIQC architecture, in which an expandable number of Elementary Logic Units (ELUs), microfabricated traps holding linear chains of 10 to 100 ions, are linked together using photonic interface to form a modular large-scale system. Local quantum gates are performed using motional coupling between ions in the same trap. One or two ions in each chain are reserved for performing a slower entanglement operation between ions in different ion traps coupled by optical fibers. This long distance entanglement will be accomplished using photon-mediated ion-ion entanglement, in which pairs of ions are projected into an entangled Bell state by a combined measurement of their emitted single photons. It is beneficial to separate the fast motional coupling and the slower remote ion entanglement to different ion species, ytterbium and barium respectively, whose atomic transitions are widely separated in frequency, yet atomic masses are relatively similar. I will comment on the current state of the art of this architecture, and briefly mention our work on two-dimensional trapped ion crystals, and an effort towards linking trapped ion qubits and solid state spins.

  141. CSI Q Seminar

    "Quantum simulation of quantum field theory on the light front"

    Presented by Peter Love, Tufts University and BNL

    Tuesday, October 15, 2019, 12 pm
    Training Room, Bldg 725

    Hosted by: Layla Hormozi

    Quantum simulation proposes to use future quantum computers to calculate properties of quantum systems. The simulation of quantum field theories by any means is a challenge, and quantum algorithms for problems in fundamental physics are a natural target for quantum computation. We will show that the light front formulation of quantum field theory is particularly useful in this regard. We analyze a simple theory in 1 + 1D and show how computation of quantities of interest in this theory is analogous to quantum algorithms for chemistry that we understand in detail.

  142. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Heavy-fermion quantum criticality and unconventional superconductivity"

    Presented by Frank Stegllich, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Physics & Solids, Germany

    Tuesday, October 15, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Heavy-fermion (HF) metals, i.e., intermetallic compounds of certain lanthanides and actinides, have been subject of intensive investigations over the last few decades. These research activities have furnished important discoveries, such as of unconventional superconductivity (SC) ("beyond BCS") and unconventional quantum criticality ("beyond Landau"). About fifty HF superconductors are currently known, more than half of which exhibiting a quantum critical point (QCP) where antiferromagnetic (AF) order is smoothly suppressed by tuning a non-thermal control parameter like pressure or magnetic field. Two variants of HF AF-QCPs have yet been established, i.e., a conventional ("3D SDW") and an unconventional, partial Mott ("Kondo destroying") QCP [1, 2]. In clean, stoichiometric HF metals, the huge entropy accumulated at such an AF QCP is commonly removed by forming an unconventional superconducting phase. The apparent validity of this 'quantum critical paradigm' will be illustrated in the first part of the talk by addressing exemplary quantum critical materials, i.e., the isostructural compounds YbRh2Si2 and CeCu2Si2. The former system exhibits a partial-Mott QCP as reflected by, e.g., an abrupt jump of the Fermi-surface volume [3- 5] and a violation of the Wiedemann-Franz law [6, 7]. For this compound, no SC had been detected down to 10 mK, the lowest temperature accessible in a commercial 3He-4He dilution refrigerator [8]. However, recent magnetic and specific-heat measurements performed in a nuclear demagnetization cryostat down to about 1 mK revealed HF, i.e., unconventional, SC below Tc = 2 mK [9]. CeCu2Si2, the first HF superconductor [10], exhibits SC at a 3D SDW-QCP and was considered a (one-band) d-wave superconductor until a few years ago, when its specific heat was found to exhibit two-gap behavior and exponential temperature dependence at very low temperatures [11]. Based on atomic substitution [12],

  143. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "JIMWLK equation from quantum-classical correspondence"

    Presented by Ming Li, University of Connecticut

    Friday, October 11, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    In this talk, I will examine the status of the JIMWLK evolution equation in relation to the effective density matrix of a high energy hadronic system. The high energy evolution of this density matrix which is associated with the Hilbert space completely spanned by color charge density operators has the form of Lindblad equation. The JIMWLK equation is reproduced by mapping this Lindblad type quantum mechanical equation onto the classical phase space of the system using Weyl's correspondence rules.

  144. Physics Colloquium

    "Toward scalable quantum computing in the quantum optical frequency comb""

    Presented by Oliver Pfister

    Tuesday, October 8, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    The resonant (qu)modes of a single optical cavity form a quite large number of well-defined quantum optical fields. When that cavity contains a nonlinear material, i.e., a multiphoton emitter, it becomes an exotic light source, e.g. an optical parametric oscillator (OPO), which, as we have shown, can be made to emit large numbers of qumodes in multimode-squeezed, multipartite- entangled quantum states. We have also shown that said multipartite entanglement can (easily) be made to be of the cluster-state type, which is a major component of a quantum computer. The other major component of a quantum computer would be quantum fault tolerance which, in a nutshell, requires that either some states or gates include some nonpositivity in their Wigner functions. I will present my group's progress on the parallel fronts of massively scalable Gaussian entanglement and non-Gaussian quantum state tomography and engineering toward quantum error correction.

  145. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Resurgence and Non-Perturbative Physics"

    Presented by Gerald Dunne, University of Connecticut

    Friday, October 4, 2019, 1 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    I will review the basic ideas behind the connections between resurgent asymptotics and physics, and report on current applications to quantum field theory and phase transitions.

  146. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Unifying background with perturbations in Chaplygin gas cosmology"

    Presented by Heba Sami, North-West University

    Friday, October 4, 2019, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  147. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Chiral charge dynamics in Abelian gauge theories at finite temperature"

    Presented by Adrien Florio, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne

    Thursday, October 3, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    The chiral anomaly present in the standard model can have important phenomenological consequences, especially in cosmology and heavy-ions physics. In this talk, I will focus on the contribution from the Abelian gauge fields. Despite an absence of topologically distinct sectors, they have a surprisingly rich vacuum dynamics, partly because of the chiral anomaly. I will present results obtained from real-time classical lattice simulations of a U(1) gauge field in the presence of a chiral chemical potential. They account for short distance fluctuations, contrary to effective descriptions such as Magneto-Hydrodynamics (MHD). I will discuss various phenomena, like inverse magnetic cascade, which occur in this system. In particular, in presence of a background magnetic field, the chemical potential exponentially decays. The associated chiral decay rate is related to the diffusion of the Abelian Chern-Simons number in a magnetic background, in the absence of chemical potential. The rate obtained from the simulations is an order of magnitude larger than the one predicted by MHD. If this result is shown to be robust under corrections such as Hard Thermal Loops, it will call for a revision of the implications of fermion number and chiral number non-conservation in Abelian theory at finite temperature.

  148. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Observing the deformation of nuclei with relativistic nuclear collisions"

    Presented by Giuliano Giacalone, IPhT - Saclay

    Friday, September 27, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    The geometry of overlap between two nuclei interacting at high energy determines many of the observables typically investigated in heavy-ion-collision analyses, such as average transverse momenta () and azimuthal anisotropies of the emitted particle distributions. If the colliding nuclei are non-spherical, e.g., if they present a quadrupole deformation and look like ellipsoids, the geometry of interaction experiences nontrivial fluctuations due to the random orientation of the colliding bodies. I introduce an 'event-shape engineering' procedure that allows one to probe the quadrupole deformation of the colliding ions. The method is straightforward. One selects a batch of high-multiplicity (ultracentral) collisions, and within this batch looks at events that present an abnormally large or small of the produced hadrons. I show that these events correspond to configurations in which the colliding nuclei are overlapping along the longer (shorter) side of the prolate (oblate) ellipsoids. In these events, the interaction region has an elliptical shape, whose eccentricity is closely related to the quadrupole deformation of the considered nuclei. Therefore, for collisions of nuclei that are significantly deformed (e.g. 238U and 129Xe nuclei collided at RHIC and LHC) I predict a strong enhancement of elliptic flow in the tails of the distributions of ultracentral events. If validated by experimental data, this method would provide a robust tool to observe the deformations of nuclear ground states at particle colliders (in particular at RHIC).


    "Particle Physics and Cosmology in the 2020's"

    Friday, September 27, 2019, 8 am
    Berkner Hall (Bldg. 488) Main Lecture Hall

  150. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Rapidity correlators at unequal rapidity"

    Presented by Andrecia Ramnath, University of Jyvaskyla

    Thursday, September 26, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Unequal rapidity correlations can be studied within the stochastic Langevin picture of JIMWLK evolution in the Colour Glass Condensate effective field theory. By evolving the classical field in the direct and complex conjugate amplitudes, the Langevin formalism can be used to study two-particle production at large rapidity separations. We show how the evolution between the rapidities of the two produced particles can be expressed as a linear equation, even in the full nonlinear limit. In addition, we show how the Langevin formalism for two-particle correlations reduces to a BFKL picture in the dilute limit and in momentum space, providing an interpretation of BFKL evolution as a stochastic process for colour charges.


    "Particle Physics and Cosmology in the 2020's"

    Thursday, September 26, 2019, 8 am
    Berkner Hall (Bldg. 488) Main Lecture Hall

  152. Brookhaven Forum 2019

    "Particle Physics and Cosmology in the 2020's"

    Wednesday, September 25, 2019, 8 am
    Berkner Hall (Bldg. 488) Main Lecture Hall

  153. Chemistry Department Seminar

    ""Probing the Excited-State Reactivity of Transition-Metal Compounds Using Photophysics""

    Presented by Dr. Daniela M. Arias-Rotondo, Department of Chemistry

    Monday, September 23, 2019, 10 am
    Hamilton Seminar Room, Bldg. 555

    Hosted by: Matt Bird

    Transition metal compounds are ubiquitous throughout the chemical sciences, their presence broadly impacting fields such as organic synthesis and solar energy conversion. This talk illustrates how spectroscopic techniques can be used to understand the intricacies of reactions involving transition metal compounds towards two different applications. The first part of this presentation will focus on the conservation of spin in chemical reactions. Our group has previously shown that spin must be conserved for energy transfer to occur.1 To further our understanding of the effect of spin on other types of reactions, we have combined Ru(II) polypyridyls and Fe(III) oxo/hydroxo-bridged dimers to study how the spin state of the acceptor affects the rate of electron transfer. Through a combination of time-resolved spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques we have shown that excited spin states may be involved in electron transfer, as was predicted by Bominaar and coworkers in their studies involving metalloproteins.2 The second half of this seminar describes the use of energy transfer to activate traditional organometallic catalysts to unlock novel reactivity patterns. In particular, we studied the use of an Ir(III) photosensitizer in combination with a Ni(II) catalyst in the coupling of aryl halides and carboxylic acids.3 Mechanistic studies showed that energy transfer from the photocatalyst to the nickel species promotes the latter to an excited state that can promote a novel C-O bond formation.

  154. NT/RIKEN Seminar - CANCELLED

    "The bulk viscosity of QCD in the chiral limit"

    Presented by Derek Teaney, Stony Brook

    Friday, September 20, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    In the chiral limit, the long distance effective theory of QCD at finite temperature is not hydrodynamics but a kind of non-abelian superfluid hydrodynamics. We describe this theory and its viscous corrections, including also a correction due to the finite quark mass. At finite quark mass, the long distance theory is ordinary hydrodynamics, and the superfluid theory then just determines non-analytic in the quark mass corrections to the transport coefficients of QCD, akin to the "long time tails" of hydro. We show how this works out for the bulk viscosity. In chiral perturbation theory the dissipative parameters of the superfluid theory can be computed diagrammatically, and we do this. These results then determine the leading order the bulk viscosity of the pion gas close to the chiral limit.

  155. Special Physics Colloquium

    "Mega-linear versus Giant-circular. The next big machine for HEP"

    Presented by Franco Bedeschi, INFN

    Thursday, September 19, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Dmitri Denisov

    Time is coming for a decision on the next particle accelerator at the energy frontier. As Europe is updating its strategy for particle physics, e+e- colliders are standing out as the preferred choice. The physics case for these future colliders and the comparison between the linear and circular option will be reviewed. The status of these projects and the R&D on the detectors required for these machines will also be discussed.

  156. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "The bulk viscosity of QCD in the chiral limit"

    Presented by Derek Teaney, Stony Brook

    Thursday, September 19, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    In the chiral limit, the long distance effective theory of QCD at finite temperature is not hydrodynamics but a kind of non-abelian superfluid hydrodynamics. We describe this theory and its viscous corrections, including also a correction due to the finite quark mass. At finite quark mass, the long distance theory is ordinary hydrodynamics, and the superfluid theory then just determines non-analytic in the quark mass corrections to the transport coefficients of QCD, akin to the "long time tails" of hydro. We show how this works out for the bulk viscosity. In chiral perturbation theory the dissipative parameters of the superfluid theory can be computed diagrammatically, and we do this. These results then determine the leading order the bulk viscosity of the pion gas close to the chiral limit.

  157. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Radar detection of neutrino-induced cascades in ice: experimental evidence and future prospects"

    Presented by Steven Prohira, The Ohio State University

    Thursday, September 12, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    In order to detect ultra-high energy (UHE) neutrinos (? few PeV), tens to hundreds of cubic kilometers of material must be instrumented, owing to the exceedingly low flux. Radio methods have been suggested as the clear way forward in the UHE regime, owing to very long path lengths for radio waves in ice, meaning that a massive volume can be sparsely instrumented. Among radio techniques, the most recent—and most promising—is the radar detection method. Here, radio waves illuminate a volume, and if an UHE neutrino-induced cascade occurs within the volume, these waves are reflected to a distant receiver. In this seminar, we present the first evidence of detection of such a radar reflection, captured at SLAC in experiment T-576. We then present the science case for radar, and show that it has the best discovery potential for a detector technology in the UHE range.

  158. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Deeply inelastic scattering structure functions on a hybrid quantum computer"

    Presented by Andrey Tarasov, BNL

    Thursday, September 12, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Computation of DIS structure functions from first principles is an outstanding problem in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) as it involves matrix elements of products of electromagnetic currents that are light-like separated in Minkowski spacetime. Since Monte Carlo computations in lattice QCD are only robust in Euclidean spacetime, it is worthwhile to ask whether simulations on a quantum computer can be beneficial. In my talk I will outline a strategy to compute deeply inelastic scattering structure functions on a hybrid quantum computer which is based on representation of the fermion determinant in the QCD effective action as a quantum mechanical "worldline" path integral over fermionic and bosonic degrees of freedom. The proper time evolution of these worldlines can be determined on a quantum computer. While extremely challenging in general, the problem simplifies in the Regge limit of QCD, where the interaction of the worldlines with gauge fields is strongly localized in proper time and the corresponding quantum circuits can be written down. As a first application, we employ the Color Glass Condensate effective theory to construct the quantum algorithm for a simple dipole model of the F2 structure function. We outline further how this computation scales up in complexity and extends in scope to other real-time correlation functions.

  159. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Nematic superconductivity in twisted bilayer graphene"

    Presented by Laura Classen, University of Minnesota

    Tuesday, September 10, 2019, 1 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Tunable insulating and superconducting phases have recently been induced in several twisted graphene-based heterostructures. These correlated phases are ascribed to an exceptional band flattening, which comes along with a very large hexagonal moiré pattern in real space. We study this interplay of orders in a phenomenological model for the moiré superlattice with a focus on superconductivity. Motivated by the presence of van-Hove instabilities, we approach the pairing problem as an interaction-induced instability of the Fermi surface in terms of the unbiased functional renormalization group. We find two pairing instabilities with different symmetries being close in energy and show that a similar situation arises in a model specific for twisted bilayer graphene. In view of recent experimental observations that the threefold lattice rotational symmetry is broken in the superconducting state of hole-doped twisted bilayer graphene, we analyze the corresponding Landau-Ginzburg free energy with two superconducting order parameters. The result is, indeed, a mixed ground state that breaks rotation symmetry and leads to nematic superconductivity. Time-reversal symmetry can simultaneously be broken.

  160. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Longitudinal double spin asymmetry for incluisve jet and dijet production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 510 GeV"

    Presented by Zilong Chang, BNL

    Tuesday, September 10, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    Jets productions from $pp$ collisions at RHIC kinematics are dominated by quark-gluon and gluon-gluon scattering processes. Both of these longitudinal double spin dependent processes have sizable asymmetries in the pseudorapidity range, $-1 < \eta < 1$. Therefore the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry $A_{LL}$ for jets is an effective channel to explore the gluon polarization in the proton. Early STAR inclusive jet $A_{LL}$ results at $\sqrt{s} = $ 200 GeV provided the first evidence of the non-zero gluon polarization at $x > $ 0.05. In this talk, we will report the first measurement of the midrapidity inclusive jet and dijet $A_{LL}$ at $\sqrt{s} =$ 510 GeV. The inclusive jet $A_{LL}$ measurement provides sensitivity to the gluon helicity distribution down to a Bjorken-$x$ of 0.015, while the dijet measurements, binned in four jet-pair topologies, will allow for tighter constraints on the $x$ dependence. Both results are consistent with previous measurements made at $\sqrt{s} =$ 200 GeV and show excellent agreement with predictions from recent next-to-leading order global analyses. In addition the new techniques designed for this analysis, for example, the underlying event correction to the jet transverse energy and its effect on the jet $A_{LL}$ will be discussed.

  161. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Qubit Regularization of Quantum Field Theories"

    Presented by Shailesh Chandrasekharan, Duke University

    Friday, September 6, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Motivated by the desire to study quantum field theories on a quantum computer, we propose a new type of regularization of quantum field theories where in addition to the usual lattice regularization, quantum field theories are constructed with a finite dimensional Hilbert space per lattice site. This is particularly relevant for studying bosonic field theories using a quantum computer since traditional lattice regularization assumes an infinite dimensional Hilbert space per lattice site and hence difficult to formulate on a quantum computer. Here we show that a two qubit model is sufficient to recover the 3d Wilson-Fisher fixed point and the 4d Gaussian fixed point of the O(3) sigma model. On the other hand in 2d, our qubit model does not seem to have a continuum limit although we have to study large lattices to establish this fact. We discuss modifications of our model that could perhaps yield a continuum limit.

  162. CFNS Seminar

    "Nuclear femtography as a bridge from protons and neutrons to the core of neutron stars"

    Presented by Simonetta Liuti, University of Virginia

    Thursday, September 5, 2019, 4 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Abha Rajan

    In this talk I will address how the science of Nuclear Femtography, probed by deeply virtual exclusive electron nucleon scattering, has revolutionized our approach to exploring the internal structure of the nucleon. Current and planned experiments at the future EIC could in principle allow us to use all the information from data and phenomenology, on one side, to form tomographic images of the nucleon's quark and gluon distributions and, on the other, to reveal the nucleon's internal structure by measuring mechanical properties such as the quark angular momentum, energy density and pressure distributions. While this information is critical for ultimately understanding the working of the color forces, it also defines a new area of research where the fundamental gravitational properties of protons, neutrons and nuclei can be tested through recent astronomical observations constraining the equation of state of neutron stars.

  163. Special Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Confinement and Entanglement in Coupled Quantum Systems"

    Presented by Masanori Hanada, Stanford/Kyoto

    Thursday, September 5, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

  164. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Quantum Black Hole Entropy from 4d Supersymmetric Cardy formula"

    Presented by Masazumi Honda, Cambridge

    Thursday, August 29, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    I will talk about supersymmetric index of 4d N=1 supersymmetric theories on S^1xM_3 which counts supersymmetric states. In the first part, I will discuss a general formula to describe an asymptotic behaviour of the index in the limit of shrinking S^1 which we refer to as 4d (refined) supersymmetric Cardy formula. This part is based on arXiv:1611.00380 with Lorenzo Di Pietro. In the second part, I will apply this formula to black hole physics. I will mainly focus on superconformal index of SU(N) N=4 super Yang-Mills theory which is expected to be dual to type IIB superstring theory on AdS_5 x S^5. We will see that the index in the large-N limit reproduces the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of rotating charged BPS black hole on the gravity side. Our result for finite N makes a prediction to the black hole entropy with full quantum corrections. The second part is based on arXiv:1901.08091.

  165. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Tailoring the twinning of DyBa2Cu3O7-x thin films with atomic-layer-by-layer molecular beam epitaxy"

    Presented by Daniel Putzky, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany

    Monday, August 26, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Tony Valla/Ilya Drozdov

    In this talk I will present the work on high-quality, epitaxial DyBa2Cu3O7-x (DBCO) thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). In contrast to the previous DBCO growth by MBE using co-deposition technique, we have employed an atomic-layer-by-layer shuttering sequence with in-situ RHEED feedback. Films grown on LSAT (100), NGO (110) and STO (100) have a sharp superconducting transition above 80 K. Scanning-transition electron microscopy (STEM) shows atomically sharp substrate-film interface and the absence of stacking faults, unlike films previously grown by PLD. In the second part of the talk I will focus on the structural investigation using x-ray diffraction (XRD). In-plane scans at the KARA synchrotron confirm the epitaxial relationship to the substrate. In addition the formation of twin domains with the bulk-like orthorhombic crystal structure were observed. By reducing the film thickness the tetragonal to orthorhombic phase transition can be suppressed while the films still remain superconducting.

  166. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Symmetries in quantum field theory and quantum gravity"

    Presented by Daniel Harlow, MIT

    Friday, August 23, 2019, 1:15 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    It has long been suspected that symmetries in quantum gravity are highly constrained. In this talk I will describe joint work with Hirosi Ooguri, where we use the power of the AdS/CFT correspondence to prove three conjectures of this type: that there are no global symmetries, that there must be objects transforming in all representations of any gauge symmetry, and that any gauge group must be compact. Real world implications include the existence of magnetic monopoles and neutrinoless double beta decay, although we so far are unable to give estimates for when these should be seen. An important point, which we dwell on at length, is the proper definition of gauge and global symmetries in quantum field theory.

  167. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "The 2-spinon contribution to the longitudinal structure factor in the XXZ model"

    Presented by Isaac Perez Castillo, Institute of Physics, UNAM and London Mathematical Laboratory

    Thursday, August 22, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In this work we derive exactly the two-spinon contribution to the longitudinal dynamical structure factor of the anisotropic Heisenberg spin-1/2 chain in the gapped regime by using quantum group approach. We will briefly discuss some of the mathematical difficulties when confronting form factor formulas given by quantum group approach and how to overcome these obstacles. We end up by contrasting our results with those coming from perturbation theory, while comparison to DMRG and experiments are currently underway.

  168. NT/RIKEN

    "Effective and temperature-dependent viscosities in a hydrodynamically-expanding QCD plasma"

    Presented by Jean-Francois Paquet, Duke University

    Friday, August 16, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    The shear and bulk viscosities of QCD are understood to have non-trivial temperature dependence. The quark-gluon plasma created at RHIC and the LHC provides a unique probe of this temperature dependence for temperatures ranging from ∼150 ~MeV to ∼400−600 MeV. Values of viscosities commonly quoted for the quark-gluon plasma, e.g. η/s∼0.1−0.2 for the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio, are understood to represent ``effective viscosities'', which combine the actual temperature-dependence of the transport coefficient with the complex temperature profile of the quark-gluon plasma. Using 0+1D Bjorken hydrodynamics as starting point, we provide a precise definition of effective viscosity for first-order (Navier-Stokes) hydrodynamics. We examine the role of the equation of state by comparing a QCD fluid with a conformal one. We use this definition of effective viscosity to obtain families of bulk viscosities ζ/s(T) that have different temperature dependence but nevertheless produce matching temperature evolutions in 0+1D hydrodynamics. We further extend the definition of effective viscosity to second-order (Israel-Stewart) Bjorken hydrodynamics. We express the second-order effective viscosity in terms of the initial bulk pressure of the system and its first-order effective viscosity, and quantify the approximate degeneracy of these latter two quantities in Bjorken hydrodynamics. We discuss extensions of this work beyond 0+1D, and review implications for phenomenological studies of heavy ion collisions.

  169. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Mean field approach to the Fisher information matrix in deep neural networks"

    Presented by Ryo Karakida, AIST, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology

    Thursday, August 15, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 1-224

    Hosted by: Akio Tomiya

  170. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "Storage Rings as Quantum Computers"

    Presented by Kevin Brown, BNL

    Friday, August 9, 2019, 4 pm
    Bldg. 911B, Second Floor, Large Conf. Rm., Rm. A2

    There are multiple ways that quantum computer elements have been realized and have been proposed to be realized. These include ion traps, Josephson junctions, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spin states and optical systems. In this presentation, I will present a new idea; using a storage ring as a quantum computer. The key to building a storage ring quantum computer is to create an ultracold beam in the form of an "ion Coulomb crystal". In a classical Coulomb crystal, a chain of ions is bound into a lattice structure in which the ions remain locked in sequence despite the mutual Coulomb repulsion force between the positively charged ions. In an ion Coulomb crystal, the thermal vibrations of the ions are cooled to extremely low temperature, so that the quantum states in the motion of the ions are observable. There are a number of challenges in realizing such a system, although much can be learned from ion trap systems, since the storage ring is essentially an unbounded ion trap where the ion chains have a finite velocity.

  171. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminar

    "DIS on a Quantum Extremal RN-AdS Black Hole: with Application to DIS on a Nucleus"

    Presented by Kiminad Mamo, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, August 8, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    We consider deep inelastic scattering (DIS) on a dense nucleus described as an extremal RN-AdS black hole with holographic quantum fermions in the bulk. We find that the R-ratio (the ratio of the structure function of the black hole to proton) exhibit shadowing for x < 0.1, anti-shadowing for 0.1 < x < 0.3, EMC-like effect for 0.3 < x < 0.8 and Fermi motion for x > 0.8 in a qualitative agreement with the experimental observation of the ratio for DIS on nucleus for all range of x. We also take the dilute limit of the black hole and show that its R-ratio exhibits EMC-like effect for 0.2 < x < 0.8 and the Fermi motion for x > 0.8, and no shadowing is observed in the dilute limit.

  172. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Precursors that live surprisingly long and prosper even at "real catalytic" high temperatures"

    Presented by Heriberto Fabio Busnengo

    Tuesday, August 6, 2019, 11 am
    CFN, Building 735 - first floor conf. rm.

    Hosted by: Dario Stacchiola

    The dynamics of intrinsic precursors and their role on surface chemistry are presented using quasi-classical trajectory calculations based on force fields parametrized from Density Functional Theory results. Carbon monoxide and methane are used as benchmark molecules, exemplifying non-reactive and reactive sticking processes on Cu(110) and Ir(111) respectively. The role of entropic effects in the stabilization of the precursor state for CO/Cu(110) is presented, as well as an analysis of the extent low energy CH4 molecules thermalize on a hot surface. The theoretical studies are motivated by recent molecular beam experimental findings for both molecules, where the long lifetime of vibrationally excited states on shallow potential wells enable these precursors to "prosper" even at high "real catalytic" temperatures.

  173. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Perturbation Theory of Non-Perturbative QCD"

    Presented by Fabio Siringo, University of Catania

    Friday, August 2, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    A purely analytical approach to non-perturbative QCD is discussed. The exact, gauge-fixed, Faddeev-Popov Lagrangian of Yang-Mills theory is studied by the screened massive expansion which emerges from a mere change of the expansion point of ordinary perturbation theory. The gluon propagator has gauge-invariant complex conjugated poles which might give a direct dynamical proof of gluon confinement. Their genuine nature is discussed. Because of BRST symmetry, the analytic properties and the poles are shown to play a central role in the optimization of the expansion, which becomes a very predictive and ab initio tool. While in excellent agreement with the lattice data in the Euclidean space, the expansion provides valuable information in sectors which are not easily explored on the lattice, like Minkowski space and a generic covariant gauge. Moreover, even in the Euclidean space, the method gives a lattice-independent estimate of the running coupling in the continuum limit.

  174. Physics Colloquium

    "Belle II and SuperKEKB: New Physics and the Next Generation"

    Presented by Tom Browder, University of Hawai'i at Manoa

    Tuesday, July 30, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: David Jaffe

    Recent results now suggest that flavor physics could be an alternative path to breaking the Standard Model of particle physics. I will review the startup of Belle II and SuperKEKB, including news from the first physics run that took place April-June 2019 as well as the the long term physics program of Belle II and the innovative technologies that have made it possible. Belle II will soon become the leading experiment for exploration of the physics of B mesons, D mesons and tau leptons. I will also discuss the special role of BNL in Belle II.

  175. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Understanding the nature of heavy-ion collisions in small systems"

    Presented by Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler, Rutgers University

    Tuesday, July 30, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    In recent years our understanding on the limits of the smallest possible droplet of the Quark-Gluon Plasma has been called into question. Experimental results from both the Large Hadron Collider and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have provided hints that the Quark-Gluon Plasma may be produced in systems as small as those formed in pPb or dAu collisions. Yet, alternative explanations still exist from correlations arising from quarks and gluons in a color glass condensate picture. In order to better resolve the distinctions between these two scenarios, I will discuss the possibility of a future system size scan involving ArAr and OO collisions at the Large Hadron collider and make predictions for flow harmonics in both the light and heavy flavor sectors. Additionally, I will discuss the potential of using small deformed ions to help disentangle the color glass condensate scenario versus hydrodynamics where most of these results can be confirmed or denied using experimental data that is already on tape.

  176. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Fermi arcs, nodal and antinodal gaps in cuprates : the 'pairon' model to the rescue"

    Presented by William Sacks, Sorbonne University, France

    Friday, July 26, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ivan Bozovic

    Angle-resolved photoemission, in addition to tunneling, has provided key information on the cuprate pairing on the microscopic scale. In particular, in the underdoped regime, the angular dependence of the gap function Δ(θ) deviates from a pure d-wave form such that the antinodal gap value ΔAN and the nodal gap value ΔN completely diverge. On another front, ARPES has firmly established that the enigmatic Fermi arcs, i.e. normal electron excitations around the nodes, exist even below Tc. In this work, we will interpret these experiments based on the 'pairon' model [1] in which the fundamental object is a hole pair bound by its local antiferromagnetic environment on the scale of the coherence length ξAF. The pairon model agrees quantitatively with both the gap function Δ(θ) and the Fermi arcs seen at finite temperature.

  177. Physics Department Summer Lectures

    "From Raw Data to Physics Results"

    Presented by Paul Laycock

    Friday, July 26, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    Modern nuclear and particle physics experiments generate huge amounts of data that need to be calibrated, processed and analysed so that we can extract and publish physics results. In this talk I will describe the journey of data, from the bits that leave the detectors through its transformation into well-understood physics objects that are analysed by physicists all over the world. We will look in particular at how this exabyte scale problem requires computing and software solutions that operate on a global scale, and take a look at the challenges that still lie ahead of us.

  178. Sambamurti Lecture

    "Finger-printing a nuclear reactor with neutrinos"

    Presented by Thomas Langford, Yale University

    Thursday, July 25, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: John Haggerty

    Neutrinos have been the most consistently surprising particle of the last few decades. The onset of high-precision experiments has lead to the discovery of neutrino oscillations, possible evidence for beyond the Standard Model sterile neutrinos, and the beginnings of neutrino-based geophysics. Recent measurements of antineutrinos from nuclear reactors have observed flux and spectral discrepancies compared to leading theoretical models. Experiments like Daya Bay and PROSPECT are able to observe the small differences of neutrino emission from different mixtures of nuclear fuel, which may illuminate the origin of this disagreement. These neutrino finger-prints can also be used to investigate the mixture of fuel inside an operating reactor, rekindling interest in neutrino-based reactor monitoring. I will present recent advances which have demonstrated how small-scale experiments utilizing new technologies can advance both fundamental and applied science.

  179. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Deciphering the z_g distribution in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions"

    Presented by Paul Caucal, Saclay

    Thursday, July 25, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

  180. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Understanding the nature of heavy-ion collisions in small systems"

    Presented by Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler, Rutgers University

    Thursday, July 25, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jia Jiangyong

    In recent years our understanding on the limits of the smallest possible droplet of the Quark-Gluon Plasma has been called into question. Experimental results from both the Large Hadron Collider and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have provided hints that the Quark-Gluon Plasma may be produced in systems as small as those formed in pPb or dAu collisions. Yet, alternative explanations still exist from correlations arising from quarks and gluons in a color glass condensate picture. In order to better resolve the distinctions between these two scenarios, I will discuss the possibility of a future system size scan involving ArAr and OO collisions at the Large Hadron collider and make predictions for flow harmonics in both the light and heavy flavor sectors. Additionally, I will discuss the potential of using small deformed ions to help disentangle the color glass condensate scenario versus hydrodynamics where most of these results can be confirmed or denied using experimental data that is already on tape.

  181. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Strange superconductivity near an antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion quantum critical point"

    Presented by Chung-Hou Chung, Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    The heavy fermion systems CeMIn5 with M = Co, Rh, Ir, the "115" family, provide a prototypical example of an exotic "strange superconductivity" where unconventional d-wave Cooper pairs get condensed out of an incoherent strange metal normal state, displaying non-Fermi liquid behavior such as: T-linear-resistivity, T-logarithmic specific heat coefficient and a T-power-law singularity in magnetic susceptibility, near an antiferromagnetic quantum critical point [1]. The microscopic origin of strange superconductivity and its link to antiferromagnetic quantum criticality of the strange metal state are still long-standing open issues. We propose a microscopic mechanism for strange superconductors, based on the coexistence and competition between the Kondo correlation and the quasi-2d short-ranged antiferromagnetic resonating-valence-bond (RVB)spin-liquid near the antiferromagnetic quantum critical point via a large-N (Sp(N)) Kondo-Heisenberg model and renormalization group analysis beyond the mean-field level [2]. In the absence of superconductivity, this effective field theory [3] can describe various aspects of strange metal state observed in Ge-substituted YbRh2Si2 [4] close to the field-tuned Kondo breakdown quantum critical point. The interplay of these two effects between the Kondo and RVB physics provides a qualitative understanding on how superconductivity emerges from the strange metal state and the observed superconducting phase diagrams for CeMIn5 [1,2]. References: [1] C. Petrovic et al. J. Phys. Condens. Matt. 13, L337 (2001); S. Zaum et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 087003 (2011). [2] Y. Y. Chang, F. Hsu, S. Kirchner, C. Y. Mou, T. K. Lee, and C. H. Chung, Phys. Rev. B 99, 094513 (2019). [3] Y. Y. Chang, S. Paschen, and C. H. Chung, Phys. Rev. B 97, 035156 (2018). [4] J. Custers et al, Nature (London) 424, 524 (2003); J. Custers et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 186402 (2010).

  182. Physics Department Summer Lectures

    "Searching for and understanding the quark-gluon plasma in heavy-ion"

    Presented by Rongrong Ma, BNL

    Tuesday, July 23, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    Lattice-QCD predicts the occurrence of a phase transition above a critical temperature from ordinary nuclear matter to a new state of matter, usually referred to as the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), in which partons are relevant degrees of freedom. One primary goal of the heavy-ion physics is to create and study the properties of the QGP created in these collisions. The last couple of decades have seen tremendous progresses in understanding the QGP, thanks to the successful operation of dedicated experiments at the RHIC and the LHC. In this lecture, I will discuss the detectors designed for heavy-ion physics, and how an experimentalist turns electronic signal into physics results. Future direction of heavy-ion experiments will also be discussed.

  183. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Electron beam effects on organic ices"

    Presented by Marco Beleggia, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

    Monday, July 22, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    While beam damage is often considered detrimental to our quantitative imaging capabilities, the energy and charge injected into the sample as a result of inelastic scattering can be exploited beneficially. This is especially true in radiation-chemistry-type experimental setups in the electron microscope where the beam promotes local wanted chemical reactions. We have observed that by exposing to the electron beam a layer of small volatile organic molecules condensed over a cold substrate results in the formation of a solid product. Evidence suggests that the exposure mechanism driving the formation of a solid product is partial dehydrogenation of the molecules, removal of H2, and progressive increase of the average molecular weight. Contrary to focused electron beam induced deposition, that relies on surface absorption followed by aggregation of mobile species, at cryogenic temperature organic ice molecules are largely immobilized, and act as targets for the incoming electrons throughout the entire thickness of the layer. Therefore, the exposure occurs throughout the volume of the frozen precursor, and the features are essentially determined by the electron distribution, with diffusion/transport parameters bearing little or no relevance. Since larger molecules are less volatile, if the molecular weight increases sufficiently, upon raising the temperature the unexposed areas leave the sample, while the exposed molecules assemble into a solid product in the form of hydrogenated amorphous carbon.

  184. Physics Department Summer Lectures

    "Introduction to Statistics in High-Energy Physics"

    Presented by Xin Qian

    Friday, July 19, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    In this lecture, I will introduce some basic statistical concepts commonly used in the data analysis of high-energy physics experiments. I will review the basic procedure in setting confidence intervals. Some advanced topics in data unfolding, selection of test statistics, and usage of linear algebra in reducing computation will be touched upon.

  185. HET Lunch Seminar

    "Probing Dark Matter Particle Properties with Ultra-High-Resolution CMB Lensing"

    Presented by Neelima Sehgal, SBU

    Friday, July 19, 2019, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hooman Davoudiasl

  186. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Precision Jet Substructure with the ATLAS Detector"

    Presented by Jennifer Roloff, BNL

    Thursday, July 18, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

  187. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) as a many-body theory: An existential tale in four acts"

    Presented by Raju Venugopalan, BNL

    Tuesday, July 16, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    QCD, our nearly perfect theory of the strong interaction, is also deeply profound because all phenomena are emergent features of the many-body dynamics of the quark and gluon fields and the vacuum of the theory. This talk on many-body QCD is organized as a play in four acts: i) Origins, mysteries, symmetries ii) The power and the glory of QCD iii) Surprises from boiling the QCD vacuum in heavy-ion collisions: a) why the world's hottest fluid, albeit also being its most viscous, flows with almost no resistance b) a possible unexpected universality between the hottest and coldest fluids on earth c) What magnetar strength magnetic fields created in heavy-ion collisions may reveal about the topology of the QCD vacuum iv) Looking ahead to the Electron-Ion Collider: what the ultimate IMAX experience may reveal of QCD's mysteries

  188. Chemistry Department Seminar

    "Nanoparticle Beam Deposition: A Novel Route to the Solvent-Free"

    Presented by Richard E. Palmer, Nanomaterials Lab, Swansea University, UK, United Kingdom

    Tuesday, July 16, 2019, 11 am
    Room 300, 3rd Floor, Chemistry Building 555

    Hosted by: Michael White

    Size-selected nanoparticles (atomic clusters), deposited onto supports from the beam in the absence of solvents, represent a new class of model systems for catalysis research and possibly small-scale manufacturing of selective catalysts. To translate these novel and well-controlled systems into practical use, two major challenges have to be addressed. (1) Very rarely have the actual structures of clusters been obtained from direct experimental measurements, so the metrology of these new material systems have to improve. The availability of aberration-corrected HAADF STEM is transforming our approach to this structure challenge [1,2]. I will address the atomic structures of size-selected Au clusters, deposited onto standard carbon TEM supports from a mass-selected cluster beam source. Specific examples considered are the "magic number clusters" Au20, Au55, Au309, Au561, and Au923. The results expose, for example, the metastability of frequently observed structures, the nature of equilibrium amongst competing isomers, and the cluster surface and core melting points as a function of size. The cluster beam approach is applicable to more complex nanoparticles too, such as oxides and sulphides [3]. (2) A second major challenge is scale-up, needed to enable the beautiful physics and chemistry of clusters to be exploited in applications, notably catalysis [4]. Compared with the (powerful) colloidal route, the nanocluster beam approach [5] involves no solvents and no ligands, while particles can be size selected by a mass filter, and alloys with challenging combinations of metals can readily be produced. However, the cluster approach has been held back by extremely low rates of particle production, only 1 microgram per hour, sufficient for surface science studies but well below what is desirable even for research-level realistic reaction studies. In an effort to address this scale-up challenge, I will discuss the development of a new kind of nanop

  189. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Topological Superconducting Qubits"

    Presented by Javad Shabani, Center for Quantum Phenomena NYU

    Friday, July 12, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Topological superconductivity hosts exotic quasi-particle excitations including Majorana bound states which hold promise for fault-tolerant quantum computing. The theory predicts emergence of Majorana bound states is accompanied by a topological phase transition. We show experimentally in epitaxial Al/InAs Josephson junctions a transition between trivial and topological superconductivity. We observe a minimum of the critical current at the topological transition, indicating a closing and reopening of the superconducting gap induced in InAs, with increasing magnetic field. By embedding the Josephson junction in a phase-sensitive loop geometry, we measure a π-jump in the superconducting phase across the junction when the system is driven through the topological transition. We present a scalable topological qubit architecture to study coherence for computing applications. Funded by DARPA TEE program.

  190. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "A golden age in physics, an overview of what going on in the RHIC tunnel"

    Presented by Rob Pisarski, BNL

    Friday, July 12, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    I will give a general introduction to the modern theory of "strong" interactions, which involve quarks and gluons. At about a trillion degrees, these form a Quark-Gluon Plasma, which we believe is created in the collisions of heavy ions at very high energies, such as at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider here at Brookhaven. I also make extensive comments about the sociology of the field, especially the phenomenon of "As everyone who is anyone knows..."

  191. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Low-nu Flux Measurement Using Neutrino/Antineutrino-Hydrogen Interactions for Long-baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments"

    Presented by Hongyue Duyang, University of South Carolina

    Thursday, July 11, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The next generation long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments such as DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) aim to solve the remaining questions in neutrino oscillation physics, including neutrinos' mass ordering and CP violation. The near detector(s) will provide crucial constraints on the systematic uncertainties to the oscillation measurements. Flux uncertainty is one of the dominant contributions to the systematic uncertainties. In this talk I present a novel approach of precisely determining the neutrino flux in the near detector(s) of a long-baseline neutrino experiment such as DUNE, by using neutrino/antineutrino-hydrogen interactions with low visible hadronic energy (Low-nu). The application of this method in the proposed KLOE-STT detector is discussed, which could serve as part of the near detector complex of DUNE.

  192. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Silicon Detectors for Particle and Nuclear Physics"

    Presented by Gabriele Giacomini, BNL

    Tuesday, July 9, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    Silicon technology is approximately 70 years old but thousands of years by a multitude of researchers has been dedicated to R&D; the well-established microelectronic industry is based on it. Being that the silicon is sensitive to photons (from infrared to X-rays, passing through visible light and ultraviolet) and to charged particles, we can leverage the microelectronic technology to make sensors out of silicon. Silicon sensors are used in a variety of applications including scientific experiments (High Energy Physics, Astrophysics, Photon Science, etc) as well as industrial and commercial use (cameras, etc). The basic structure is the p-n junction across which a voltage is applied. When an ionizing event occurs (a photon or a charged-particle interacting with silicon), a short current pulse (~ few ns) is generated and detected by the read-out electronics. There are many kinds of silicon sensors and each one must be tailored according to the specific application. We'll give an overview of the state of the silicon technology and its different applications.

  193. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    ": Extracting the Heavy-Quark Potential from Bottomonium Observables in Heavy-Ion Collisions"

    Presented by Xiaojian Du, Texas A&M University

    Tuesday, July 9, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    The in-medium color potential is a fundamental quantity for understanding the properties of the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma (sQGP). Open and hidden heavy-flavor (HF) production in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions (URHICs) has been found to be a sensitive probe of this potential. Here we utilize a previously developed quarkonium transport approach in combination with insights from open HF diffusion to extract the color-singlet potential from experimental results on Υ production in URHICs. Starting from a parameterized trial potential, we evaluate the Υ transport parameters and conduct systematic fits to available data for the centrality dependence of ground and excited states at RHIC and the LHC. The best fits and their statistical significance are converted into a temperature dependent potential. Including nonperturbative effects in the dissociation rate guided from open HF phenomenology, we extract a rather strongly coupled potential with substantial remnants of the long-range confining force in the QGP.

  194. EBNN Directorate Visitor Seminar

    "Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation's Mission"

    Presented by Dr. Brent K. Park, NNSA - Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation

    Monday, July 8, 2019, 3 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    Hosted by: Martin Schoonen

  195. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "QuarkNet Workshop for High School Teachers"

    Wednesday, July 3, 2019, 9 am
    Building 438

    Hosted by: Ketevi Assamagan

  196. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Astronomical CCDs and light-sensitive sensors for fast imaging"

    Presented by Andrei Nomerotski, BNL

    Tuesday, July 2, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    I will review how the state-of-the-art sensors developed for astronomical applications can precisely measure the positions and shapes of billions of galaxies. The talk will focus on the camera and sensors for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and will discuss limitations on the achievable precision coming from the instrumentation. I will also discuss light sensitive sensors which can be used for fast imaging of single photons in QIS and other applications.

  197. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "DREENA framework as a multipurpose QGP tomography tool"

    Presented by Magdalena Djordjevic, Institute of Physics Belgrade

    Tuesday, July 2, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    High-pt theory and data are traditionally used to explore high-pt parton interactions with QGP, while QGP bulk properties are explored through low-pt data and corresponding models. However, with a proper description of high-pt medium interactions, high-pt probes also become a powerful tool for inferring bulk QGP properties, as they are sensitive to global QGP parameters. With the goal of developing a multipurpose QGP tomography tool, over the past several years, we developed the dynamical energy loss formalism, and the corresponding fully optimized DREENA numerical framework. As first steps towards QGP tomography, we will use DREENA framework to address how we can directly from experimental data i) differentiate between different energy loss mechanisms, ii) infer the shape of QGP droplet. The research presented in this talk will therefore demonstrate how high-pt theory and data can be used to both infer the nature of high pt-parton medium interactions, and important bulk QGP medium properties.

  198. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Charm hadron collective flow and charm hadrochemistry in heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Xin Dong, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    Tuesday, July 2, 2019, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Lijuan Ruan

    Heavy quark transport offers unique insight into the microscopic picture of the sQGP created in heavy-ion collisions. One central focus of heavy quark program is to determine the heavy quark spatial diffusion coefficient and its momentum and temperature dependence. This requires precise measurements of heavy flavor hadron production and their collective flow over a broad momentum region. In the meantime, heavy quark hadrochemistry, the abundance of various heavy flavor hadrons, provides special sensitivity to the QCD hadronization and also plays an important role for the interpretation of heavy flavor hadron data in order to constrain the heavy quark spatial diffusion coefficient of the sQGP. In this seminar, I will focus on the recent STAR results of charm hadron D0, D+/-, D*, Ds, Lambda_c production and D0 radial and elliptic flow in heavy-ion collisions utilizing the state-of-the-art silicon pixel detector, the Heavy Flavor Tracker. These data will be compared to measurements from other experiments at RHIC and the LHC as well as various model calculations. I will then discuss how these data will help us better understand the sQGP properties and its hadronization. Finally, I will present a personal view of future heavy quark measurements at RHIC.

  199. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "QuarkNet Workshop for High School Teachers"

    Tuesday, July 2, 2019, 9 am
    Building 438

    Hosted by: Ketevi Assamagan

  200. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searches of Dark Matter signals with the ATLAS detector at the LHC: Present and future"

    Presented by Dr. Rachid Mazini, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

    Monday, July 1, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    In this seminar, I will present an overview of up-to-date results on searches for Dark Matter signals with the ATLAS detector at the LHC using Run 2 data. Comparison with non-accelerator DM results as well as interpretation within some theoretical models will be discussed. In addition, expectation from the high-luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) DM searches program will be briefly presented. Finally, I will talk about the new ATLAS High Granularity Timing Detector (HGTD), planned for the phase 2 upgrade program for the HL-LHC run, and it performances for physics studies.

  201. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "QuarkNet Workshop for High School Teachers"

    Monday, July 1, 2019, 9 am
    Building 438

    Hosted by: Ketevi Assamagan

  202. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Using Gravitational Lensing to measure Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe"

    Presented by Erin Sheldon, BNL

    Friday, June 28, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    Gravitational lensing is the bending of the path of light near massive bodies. Mass produces a curvature of space time, and light follows a curved path that is calculable using the General Theory of Relativity. I will discuss how the lensing effect is used to measure the amount of Dark Matter in galaxies and in the universe as a whole. I will also discuss how we use lensing to measure the properties of the mysterious Dark Energy that is driving the accelerated expansion of our universe.

  203. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First measurement of the neutron-argon cross section between 100 and 800 MeV"

    Presented by Prof. Christopher Mauger, University of Pennsylvania

    Thursday, June 27, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The DUNE experiment directs a neutrino beam from Fermilab towards a 40 kiloton liquid argon time-projection chamber (TPC) 1300 km away in the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota. By measuring electron neutrino and anti-neutrino appearance from the predominantly muon neutrino and anti-neutrino beams, DUNE will determine the neutrino mass ordering and explore leptonic CP violation. The neutrino oscillation phenomena explored by DUNE require robust determinations of the (anti-)neutrino energies by reconstructing the particles produced in charged current reactions. Among the particles emerging from the interaction which carry significant energy, neutrons are the most challenging to reconstruct. The CAPTAIN collaboration has made the first measurement of the neutrino-argon cross section between 100 and 800 MeV of neutron kinetic energy - an energy regime crucial for neutrino energy reconstruction at DUNE. We made the measurement in a liquid argon TPC with 400 kg of instrumented mass. I describe the measurement and discuss future plans.

  204. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Excitonic condensation of strongly correlated electrons"

    Presented by Professor Jan Kunes, Vienna University of Technology, Austria

    Wednesday, June 26, 2019, 2:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Keith Gilmore

    Spontaneous symmetry breaking is a prominent demonstration of the collective behavior of strongly correlated systems. Besides ordering of charge or of spin dipoles, more exotic types of long-range order are possible, which do not couple to conventional probes and are therefore sometimes called the hidden order. Excitonic magnets, or excitonic condensates, are examples of such systems. I will introduce the concept of excitonic condensate from the strong coupling perspective and discuss the rich variety of excitonic phases arising from the internal (spin, orbital) degrees of freedom of the excitons. I will present some numerical results obtained with dynamical mean-field theory for models as well as for specific materials, which we suspect to be excitonic magnets. The presentation will include the recently obtained results for dynamical susceptibilities in phases with long-range order and some proposals on how to detect excitonic condensates with today's experimental techniques.

  205. HET Seminar

    "Inducing and Detecting Collective Effects of Particle Dark Matter"

    Presented by Asher Berlin, SLAC

    Wednesday, June 26, 2019, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Gopolang Mohlabeng

    Detecting light dark matter that interacts weakly with electromagnetism has recently become one of the benchmark goals of near-term and futuristic direct detection experiments. In this talk, I will discuss an alternative approach to directly detecting such models below the GeV-scale, leveraging on the recent interest and advances in resonant detectors, such as LC circuits.

  206. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "The Really Big Picture: Cosmology in the 21st Century"

    Presented by Paul Stankus, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Tuesday, June 25, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

  207. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Search for a new particle in the decay of the Higgs boson"

    Presented by Ketevi Assamagan, BNL

    Friday, June 21, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    In this talk, I will discuss the search strategies that led to the discovery of the Higgs boson. Then, I will focus on the usage of the Higgs boson as a portal to "new physics". I will conclude with dark sector states as a possibility for physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics

  208. Physics Collquium - CANCELLED

    "3D imaging of nuclei: status and towards an EIC"

    Presented by Kawtar Hafidi, ANL

    Tuesday, June 18, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Thomas Ullrich

  209. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Basics of Neutrino Interactions in Matter"

    Presented by Milind Diwan, BNL

    Tuesday, June 18, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    I will review the basics of neutrino interactions in matter with emphasis on calculations of cross sections and rates. The lecture will provide introduction to the physics of weak interactions.

  210. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "First observation of the directed flow of D0 and anti-D0 in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV"

    Presented by Subhash Singha, KSU

    Tuesday, June 18, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Isaac Upsal

    In this talk, we will present the first measurement of rapidity-odd directed flow (v1) for D0 and anti-D0 mesons at mid-rapidity (|y| < 0.8) in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. In 10-80% Au+Au collisions, the slope of the v1 rapidity dependence (dv1/dy), averaged over D0 and anti-D0 mesons, is -0.080 +/- 0.017 (stat.) +/- 0.016 (syst.) for transverse momentum (pT) above 1.5 GeV/c. The absolute value of D0-meson dv1/dy is about 25 times larger than that for charged kaons, with 3.4sigma significance. These data not only give unique insight into the initial tilt of the produced matter, they are expected to provide improved constraints for the geometric and transport parameters of the hot QCD medium created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions.

  211. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Tracking phase textures in complex oxides using coherent x-rays"

    Presented by Xiaoqian Chen, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

    Monday, June 17, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson/Mark Dean

    In complex oxides, coupled interactions result in unpredictable and novel emerging orders that are yet to be understood. With the recent advancement in x-ray and laser sources, exploration of equilibrium fluctuation and nonlinear dynamics have become an effective approach to understand these intertwined orders. In particular, coherent x-rays are a simultaneous probe of the order parameter, phase texture, and dynamics. In the first part of my talk, I will use underdoped cuprate La2-xBaxCuO4 as an example to show how x-ray speckle correlation can be a test for (lattice degree of freedom and charge) order coupling and dynamics. However, can we image domain dynamics in real time? In the second part of my talk, I will use antiferromagnetically ordered artificial lattice to demonstrate that phase retrieval lensless imaging can be used to image charge and magnetic orders. Using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging, we revealed a single domain wall motion with 100ms time resolution. References [1] X. M. Chen et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 167001 (2016) [2] V. Thampy et al. Phys. Rev. B 95, 241111 (2017) [3] X. M. Chen et al. Nat Commun. 10 1435 (2019) [4] X. M. Chen et al. under review, arXiv:1809.05656 [cond-mat.mes-hall]

  212. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "D meson mixing via dispersion relation"

    Presented by Hsiang-nan Li, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Physics Division, Taiwan

    Friday, June 14, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    In this talk I will explain how to calculate the D meson mixing parameters x and y in the Standard Model. Charm physics is notoriously difficult, because most effective theories and perturbation theories do not apply well. I propose to study the D meson mixing via a dispersion relation, which relates low mass dynamics to high mass one. Taking heavy quark results as inputs in the high mass region, we obtain x and y consistent with experimental data at least in order of magnitude.

  213. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "The Little Neutral One"

    Presented by Mary Bishai, BNL

    Friday, June 14, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    In the past 50 years, the study of neutrinos, the lightest, yet most abundant of the known elementary particles has revealed cracks in the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Could neutrinos explain the matter anti-matter asymmetry in our Universe? To answer these questions we need to better understand the properties of these elusive polymorphs. I will present a brief history of the neutrino, what we have learnt so far about it, and what we hope to learn in the next couple of decades from some of the most ambitious experiments in particle physics.

  214. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "High resolution strain measurements and phase discrimination in solid solutions using X-Ray Diffuse Multiple Scattering (DMS)"

    Presented by Gareth Nisbet, Diamond Light Source, United Kingdom

    Friday, June 14, 2019, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    DMS is a new high resolution scattering technique which manifests as diffraction lines impinging on the detector plane, similar to Kikuchi lines or Kossel lines. I will explain how multiple intersections from coplanar and non-coplanar reflections can be used for phase discrimination in multi-phasic systems by following a simple reductive procedure. The methods will be demonstrated using data from complex PMN-PT and PIN-PMN-PT ferroelectric solid solutions. I will also show how convolutional neural networks are being applied to DMS data for phase discrimination.

  215. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Argon Capture Experiment at DANCE (ACED)"

    Presented by Jingbo Wang, UC Davis

    Thursday, June 13, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Liquid argon is becoming a popular medium for particle detection, with applications ranging from low-background dark matter searches to high-energy neutrino detection. Because neutrons may represent both an important source of background and a product of signal events, a good understanding of their interactions in argon is a requirement for precision physics measurements. Despite being one of the most basic quantities needed to describe low energy neutron transport, the thermal neutron capture cross section on argon remains poorly understood, with the existing activation measurements showing significant disagreements. To resolve these disagreements, the Argon Capture Experiment at DANCE (ACED) collaboration has performed a differential measurement of the 40Ar(n, gamma)41Ar cross section using a time of flight neutron beam and the Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE), a ∼4pi gamma spectrometer at Los Alamos National Laboratory. A fit to the differential cross section from 0.015-0.15eV, assuming a 1/v energy dependence, yields sigma(2200)=673+-26 (stat.) +- 59(sys.) mb. During this talk, I will introduce the DUNE experiment before focusing on the importance of neutrons in liquid argon detectors. I will then present the ACED experiment and the use of neutrons as a detector calibration method.

  216. Physics Colloquium

    "High energy atmospheric neutrinos: connections between laboratory experiments and cosmic rays"

    Presented by Mary Hall Reno, University of Iowa

    Tuesday, June 11, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Milind Diwan

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory's measurement of a diffuse flux of neutrinos from astrophysical sources has opened a new era in high energy astroparticle physics. Neutrinos produced by cosmic ray interactions in the atmosphere are the main background to the astrophysical neutrino flux. At these high energies, data from the Large Hadron Collider experiments on heavy flavor production can be used to narrow the uncertainties in the background predictions at the highest energies. Our evaluation of the atmospheric neutrino flux from charm will be used to illustrate how collider physics results are connected to cosmic ray physics in this context.

  217. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon and the Standard Model of Particle Physics"

    Presented by William Morse, BNL

    Tuesday, June 11, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    At the end of this lecture, you will know: What is anomalous about the magnetic moment of the muon. What is the magnetic moment of the muon. What is the muon. Why Bohr said "Anyone who thinks they understand Quantum Mechanics, and is not deeply disturbed by it, doesn't understand Quantum Mechanics." What the Standard Model Theorists have to fear from the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon.

  218. Physics Department Summer Lecture Series

    "Visible and Invisible Clues for New Physics"

    Presented by Hooman Davoudiasl, BNL

    Friday, June 7, 2019, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    In this presentation, we will briefly describe the main elements of the Standard Model of particle physics. This theory, together with General Relativity, provides a precise description of a vast array of experimental and observational data, from microscopic to astronomical scales. However, solid empirical evidence and conceptual clues lead us to expect that this "standard" picture is incomplete. We will discuss some of the key reasons for this expectation.

  219. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "Status and perspective of high-energy automotive batteries"

    Presented by Richard Schmuch, University of Munster, Germany

    Friday, June 7, 2019, 12:30 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    This presentation gives an overview of the materials, performance requirements and cost of current automotive traction batteries based on Li-ion technology. It also includes important aspects related to electromobility, such as its sustainability and energy efficiency. As current Li-Ion batteries with intercalation-type active materials are approaching their physicochemical energy density limit of roughly 300 Wh/kg or 800 Wh/L, alternative technologies such as lithium-metal based all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) currently intensively studied, which promise an energy density of up to 1000 Wh/L. The potential and challenges of this and other post Li-ion batteries (e.g. Dual-Ion, Mg-Ion, Li-Sulphur) are discussed and also compared by systematic bottom-up energy density calculations. Through a step-by-step analysis from theoretical energy content at the material level to practical energies at the cell level, the individual advantages and shortcomings of the studied battery types are elucidated. Literature: (1) Schmuch, R.; Wagner, R.; Hörpel, G.; Placke, T.; Winter, M. Performance and Cost of Materials for Lithium-Based Rechargeable Automotive Batteries. Nat. Energy 2018, 3 (4), 267–278. (2) Betz, J.; Bieker, G.; Meister, P.; Placke, T.; Winter, M.; Schmuch, R. Theoretical versus Practical Energy: A Plea for More Transparency in the Energy Calculation of Different Rechargeable Battery Systems. Adv. Energy Mater. 2018, 1803170, 1803170. (3) Placke, T.; Kloepsch, R.; Dühnen, S.; Winter, M. Lithium Ion, Lithium Metal, and Alternative Rechargeable Battery Technologies: The Odyssey for High Energy Density. J. Solid State Electrochem. 2017, 1–26. (4) Meister, P.; Jia, H.; Li, J.; Kloepsch, R.; Winter, M.; Placke, T. Best Practice: Performance and Cost Evaluation of Lithium Ion Battery Active Materials with Special Emphasis on Energy Efficiency. Chem. Mater. 2016, 28 (20), 7203-7217

  220. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Probing quantum materials with multiple spectroscopic techniques"

    Presented by Eduardo H. da Silva Neto, University of California, Davis

    Thursday, June 6, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB - Bldg. 734

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    Resonant X-ray Scattering (RXS), Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy (STS) and Angle-Resolved Photo-Emission Spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements have been at the forefront of several advances in the studies of quantum materials. Our group specializes in these techniques, looking to leverage their combination to the study of quantum materials. I will discuss two projects where we have used these state-of-the-art techniques to study high-temperature superconductors and topological materials. Charge order has now been ubiquitously observed in cuprate high-temperature superconductors. However, it remains unclear if the charge order is purely static or whether it also features dynamic correlations. I will discuss a polarization-resolved soft x-ray inelastic RXS experiment with unprecedented resolution that demonstrates the existence of a coupling between dynamic magnetic and charge-order correlations in the electron-doped cuprate Nd2−xCexCuO4 [1-3]. I will also discuss a combined ARPES-STS study of the topological material Hf2Te2P. Similar to the reports by H. Ji, et al. on Zr2Te2P [4], band structure calculations and ARPES by Hosen et al. [5] also suggest multiple topological surface states in Hf2Te2P. However, some topological surface states still lacked direct spectroscopic evidence due the inability of ARPES experiments to probe the unoccupied band structure. Using the combination of STS and ARPES with surface K-doping, we probe the unoccupied band structure of Hf2Te2P and demonstrate the presence of multiple surface states with a linear Dirac-like dispersion, consistent with the predictions from previously reported band structure calculations [6]. [1] E. H. da Silva Neto, et al. Science 347, 282 (2015). [2] E. H. da Silva Neto, et al. Science Advances 2 (8), e1600782 (2016). [3] E. H. da Silva Neto, et al. Physical Review B, Rapid Communication 98, 161114(R) (2018). [4] H. Ji, et al. Physical

  221. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory"

    Presented by Xiaozhe Shen, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

    Monday, June 3, 2019, 2 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Jing Tao

    Ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) is a transformative tool for probing atomic structural dynamics in ultrafast science to understand the correlation between materials' structure and their functionalities, with the ultimate goal of controlling energy and matter. The advent of high-brightness relativistic electron beams from photocathode radio frequency (RF) gun provides a great opportunity to push the resolving power of UED onto atomic length and time scales. With the expertise in electron beam physics and ultrafast laser technology, SLAC has dedicated enormous efforts to develop a world-leading UED using mega-electron-volt (MeV) electron beams since 2014. Over the years, SLAC MeV UED has achieved great instrument performance and delivered numerous scientific outcomes for ultrafast science. In 2019, SLAC MeV UED has officially transformed into a user facility. In this talk, performance of SLAC MeV UED will be reviewed, including characterization of the instrument resolution and machine stability. The unique capabilities of SLAC MeV UED to accommodate various sample environments for a broad range of scientific interests, including condense matter physics and chemical science, will be presented, with highlighted scientific results. Research and development efforts to improve the performance of SLAC MeV UED will be discussed.

  222. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark matter in the cosmos-The Hunt to Find it in the Laboratory"

    Presented by Ioannis (J.D.) Vergados

    Friday, May 31, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Milind Diwan

    There is plenty of evidence at all scales (galaxies, cluster of galaxies, cosmological distances) that most of the energy content of the universe is of unknown nature, i.e, 70% is dark energy and 25% dark matter. Only 5% is made up of matter of known nature, in atoms, in stars, in planets etc, constituents predicted by the standard model. Thus unraveling the nature of the dominant components and, in particular, of dark matter is one of the most important open problems in science. This nature can only be understood by the direct detection of its constituents in the laboratory. This can be achieved, if there exists a week interaction, much stronger than gravity, between the dark matter and ordinary matter. The constituents are supposed to have a mass and are called WIMPs (weakly interacting massive particles). We have no idea what this mass is, but from the rotational curves we know that the constituents must be non relativistic, regardless of the size of their mass. The experimental techniques for the direct detection crucially depend on the assumed WIMP mass. Historically the first searches assumed WIMP masses of many GeV and, therefore, heavy nuclear targets were favored. Thus the hunt for DM began and evolved into a multi-pronged and interdisciplinary enterprise, combining cosmology and astrophysics, particle and nuclear physics as well as detector technology, which will be reviewed. Since the WIMP energy is in the keV region, the nucleus cannot be excited and only the nuclear recoil can be measured. As a result, unfortunately, the signal cannot be easily distinguished from backgrounds. After thirty years of intensive work against formidable backgrounds by a lot of large experimental teams, no dark matter has been found. Impressive limits on the nucleon cross section have, however, been obtained. Extension of these searches to GeV or sub-GeV WIMPs is also been considered using light nuclear targets. It may very w

  223. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Latest oscillation results from the NOvA experiment"

    Presented by Diana Patricia Mendez, University of Sussex

    Thursday, May 30, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Elizabeth Worcester

    NOvA is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment measuring $\nu_{\mu}$ disappearance and $\nu_e$ appearance within the NuMI beam from Fermilab. The experiment uses a Near and a Far Detector placed 810 km away from each other and at 14 milliradians off the beam-axis resulting in an observed energy spectrum that peaks at 2 GeV, close to the oscillation maximum. A combined $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$ + $\nu_{\mu}$ disappearance, and $\bar{\nu}_{e}$ + $\nu_{e}$ appearance result will be presented including NOvA's first collected anti-neutrino data for a total exposure of $16\times10^{20}$ protons-on-target. In addition to an increased exposure, an upgraded analysis has enable the experiment to set new limits to the allowed regions for $\Delta m^2_{32}$ and sin$^2\theta_{23}$ and make a measurement of $\Delta m^2_{32}$ among the world's best.

  224. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Applications of machine learning to computational physics"

    Presented by Dr Akio Tomiya, RBRC

    Thursday, May 30, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    In this talk, I would like to talk about my works with machine learning. I plan to introduce my works which related to lattice QCD research: detection of phase transition in classical spin systems [arXiv 1609.09087, 1812.01522], configuration generation [1712.03893 + some]

  225. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "The Influence of Aerosol Chemical Composition, Morphology, and Phase State on Water and Ice Cloud Particle Formation"

    Presented by Yue Zhang, North Carolina State, MIT, and Aerodyne

    Thursday, May 30, 2019, 11 am
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 490

    Hosted by: Ernie Lewis

    Aerosols and clouds effect Earth's radiative balance, and aerosol-cloud interactions are major sources of uncertainties in predicting future climate. The climate effects of water and ice cloud particles formed from atmospheric particulate matter are not well understood due to the complex physical and chemical properties of these aerosols. Measurements from fixed sites and field campaigns have shown that organic aerosols (OA) dominate the non-refractory aerosols in the free troposphere where clouds typically form, and cloud water and ice cloud residue both show the presence of organic materials. Despite the abundance of OA, their effects on both cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nucleation (IN) are not fully understood and even controversial. To probe into these issues, the CCN and IN properties of complex inorganic-organic aerosol mixtures that simulate ambient conditions were measured with a cloud condensation nuclei counter (CCNC, DMT, Inc.) and a spectrometer for ice nucleation (SPIN, DMT, Inc.) at a variety of laboratory conditions. Our studies suggest that the composition of the organic-containing aerosols, as well as their morphology and phase state, jointly impact their cloud forming potential. The results highlight the importance of combining aerosol physical and chemical properties to accurately understand cloud particle formation processes and their implications on the climate.

  226. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Examining hydrodynamical modelling of the QGP through dilepton radiation"

    Presented by Gojko Vujanovic, Wayne State University

    Tuesday, May 28, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    Recent viscous hydrodynamical studies at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), show that bulk viscosity plays an important role in their phenomenological description. A temperature-dependent bulk viscosity in the hydrodynamical evolution of the medium can modify the development of the hydrodynamic momentum anisotropy differently in the high- and low-temperature regions. Thus, anisotropic flow coefficients of various particle species are affected differently depending where their surface of last scattering lies. For the case of hadronic observables, they are predominantly sensitive to low temperature regions, while electromagnetic radiation is emitted at all temperatures. Therefore, bulk viscosity should affect electromagnetic radiation differently than hadron emission. The effects of bulk viscosity on one of the electromagnetic probes, namely photons, has already been investigated. The same statement holds true for hadrons. The goal of this presentation is to study how dilepton production, the other source of electromagnetic radiation, gets modified owing to the presence of bulk viscosity at RHIC and LHC energies. With calculations at different collision energies, comparisons in the dilepton signal can be made and more robust conclusions regarding the role of bulk viscosity in high energy heavy-ion collisions can be drawn. Dilepton radiation from the dilute hadronic sector of the medium, which are radiated in addition to dileptons emitted during the hydrodynamical evolution, will also be included to ascertain whether interesting dynamics induced by bulk viscosity may have observable consequences. To complete that investigation, particular attention will be given to how the $\rho(770)$ meson, and its subsequent dilepton decay, is calculated at the end of the hydrodynamical simulation.

  227. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Pieces of the Puzzle: Reaching QCD on Quantum Computers"

    Presented by Henry Lamm, UMD

    Friday, May 24, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    The advent of quantum computing for scientific research presents the possibility of calculating time-dependent observables like viscosity and parton distributions from QCD. In order to utilize this new tool, a number of theoretical and practical issues must be addressed related to efficiently digitize, initialize, propagate, and evaluate quantum field theory. In this talk, I will discuss a number of projects being undertaken by the NuQS collaboration to realize calculations on NISQ era and beyond quantum computers.

  228. CFNS Seminar

    "Effect of non-eikonal corrections on two particle correlations"

    Presented by Tolga Altinoluk, National Centre for Nuclear Research, Warsaw, Poland

    Thursday, May 23, 2019, 4 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    We will discuss the non-eikonal effects on gluon production in pA collisions that originate from the finite longitudinal width of the target. We will then consider the dilute target limit, and discuss the single and double inclusive gluon production cross section in pp collisions. We will show that non-eikonal corrections break the accidental symmetry of the CGC and give rise to non-vanishing odd azimuthal harmonics.

  229. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "In situ imaging of gold nanocrystals during the CO oxidation reaction studied by Bragg Coherent Diffraction Imaging"

    Presented by Ana Flavia Suzana, Brazilian Association of Synchrotron Light Technology-ABTLUS, Brazil

    Thursday, May 23, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    The fundamental aim of heterogeneous catalysis research is to understand mechanisms at the nanoparticle level, and then to design and synthesize catalysts with desired active sites. In this regard, the in situ/operando characterization of defects is crucial as they are preferential catalytic sites for the reaction occurrence. In this seminar I will talk about the main part of the work developed during my PhD: the investigation of the morphology and structure evolution of gold nano-catalysts supported on titanium dioxide. Those catalytic materials were evaluated for the model CO oxidation reaction, chosen for its environmental relevance and "simplicity" to be reproducible within our X-ray imaging study. We used the Bragg Coherent Diffraction Imaging technique to follow in situ the 3D morphology changes under catalytic reaction conditions. We correlated the 3D displacement field and strain distribution of the gold nanoparticles to the catalytic properties of the material. In particular, for a 120 nm gold nanoparticle, we quantified under working conditions the adsorbate-induced surface stress on the gold nanocrystal, which leads to restructuration and defects identified as a nanotwin network.

  230. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Complex saddle points of path integrals"

    Presented by Semeon Valgushev, BNL

    Thursday, May 23, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    In this talk, we discuss the physical role of complex saddle points of path integrals. In the first case study, we analyze saddle point structure of two-dimensional lattice gauge theory represented as Gross-Witten-Wadia unitary matrix model. We find that non-perturbative physics in the strong coupling phase can be understood in terms of new family of complex saddle points those properties are connected to resurgent structure of the 1/N expansion. In the second case study, we discuss the sign problem in fermionic systems at finite density and the possibility to alleviate it with the help of defomations of integration contour into complex space on the example of two-dimensional Hubbard model.

  231. Chemistry Department Seminar

    "Designing Dopants to Shield Anion Electrostatics in Doped Conjugated Polymers to Obtain Highly Mobile and Delocalized Carriers"

    Presented by Taylor Aubry, UCLA

    Thursday, May 23, 2019, 11 am
    Room 300, 3rd Floor - Chemistry Bldg. 555

    Hosted by: Matthew Bird

    Doping conjugated polymers is an effective way to tune their electronic properties for thin-film electronics applications. Chemical doping of semiconducting polymers involves the introduction of a strong electron acceptor or donor molecule that can undergo charge transfer (CT) with the polymer. The CT reaction creates electrical carriers on the polymer chain (usually positive polarons a.k.a. holes) while the dopant molecules remain in the film as counterions. Undesirably, strong electrostatic attraction from the anions of most dopants will localize the polarons and reduce their mobility. We employ a new strategy utilizing substituted icosahedral dodecaborane (DDB) clusters as molecular dopants for conjugated polymers. DDBs provide a unique system in which the redox potential of the dopant can be rationally tuned via modification of the substituents without significant change to the size or shape of the dopant molecule. These clusters allow us to disentangle the effects of energetic offset on the production of free and trapped carriers in DDB-doped poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) films. We find that by designing our cluster to have a high redox potential and steric protection of the core-localized electron density, highly delocalized polarons with mobilities equivalent to films doped with no anions present are obtained.1 P3HT films doped with these boron clusters have conductivities and polaron mobilities roughly an order of magnitude higher than films doped with conventional small-molecule dopants such as 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8- tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4TCNQ). The spectral shape of the IR-region absorption for our DDB-doped polymer film closely matches the calculated theoretical spectrum for the anion at infinite distance from the polaron.2 We therefore conclude that these DDB clusters are able to effectively spatially separate the counterion. Moreover, nearly all DDB-produced carriers are free, while it has been shown that small m

  232. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "High-Level Software Development for the CLARA FEL Test Facility"

    Presented by Dr. James Jones, Daresbury Laboratory

    Wednesday, May 22, 2019, 3 pm
    Bldg. 911B, Second Floor, Large Conf. Rm., Rm. A2

    Hosted by: Steve Peggs

    CLARA is a low-energy test facility for advanced FEL physics and beam-driven novel acceleration techniques. As part of the facility we have planned for an advanced integrated system for high-level software development and online-model based on C++ and python interfaces. An overview of the CLARA facility and recent experimental results will be presented along with a description and current status of the HLS middle-layer and online-model. Future plans for CLARA will also be presented.

  233. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Future opportunities for a small-system scan at RHIC"

    Presented by Jiangyong Jia

    Tuesday, May 21, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    The observation of multi-particle azimuthal correlations in high-energy small-system collisions has led to intense debate on its physical origin between two competing theoretical scenarios: one based on initial-state intrinsic momentum anisotropy (ISM), the other based on final-state collective response to the collision geometry (FSM). To complement the previous scan of asymmetric collision systems (p+Au, d+Au and He+Au), we propose a scan of small symmetric collision systems at RHIC, such as C+C, O+O, Al+Al and Ar+Ar at sqrt{s_NN} = 0.2 TeV, to further disentangle contributions from these two scenarios. These symmetric small systems have the advantage of providing access to geometries driven by the average shape of the nuclear overlap, compared to fluctuation-dominant geometries in asymmetric systems. A transport model is employed to investigate the expected geometry response in the FSM scenario. Different trends of elliptic flow with increasing charge particle multiplicity are observed between symmetric and asymmetric systems, while triangular flow appears to show a similar behavior. Furthermore, a comparison of O+O collisions at sqrt{s_NN} = 0.2 TeV and at sqrt{s_NN} =2.76−7 TeV, as proposed at the LHC, provides a unique opportunity to disentangle the collision geometry effects at nucleon level from those arising from subnucleon fluctuations.

  234. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "MAXPD: Multi-Anvil X-ray Powder Diffraction — COMPRES Partner User Program for High Pressure Studies at 28-ID-2-D"

    Presented by Matthew L. Whitaker, Stony Brook University

    Friday, May 17, 2019, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    MAXPD is the downstream endstation of XPD, an insertion device beamline at Sector 28 (28-ID-2-D) of NSLS-II. The MAXPD endstation and General User Program are sponsored by the COnsortium for Materials Properties Research in Earth Sciences (COMPRES). MAXPD has an 1100-ton hydraulic press installed, which is equipped with a unique DT-25 pressure module that can be swapped out for a more standard D-DIA module as desired. MAXPD makes use of the world-class monochromatic beam available at XPD (usually ~67 keV), with which we collect both angular dispersive X-ray diffraction data and X-radiographic imaging. The first General User experiments took place in March 2018. Final Science Commissioning beamtime took place in August of last year, and the full General User program for MAXPD began in the 2018-3 cycle. In this seminar, I will give an overview of the science drivers behind the development of the endstation, some of its unique capabilities, some representative results from recent experiments conducted over the last two cycles at MAXPD, and where we are looking to go as we look to the future.

  235. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "The non-equilibrium attractor: Beyond hydrodynamics"

    Presented by Michael Strickland, Kent State University

    Friday, May 10, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

  236. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Electric dipole moments in the era of the LHC"

    Presented by Jordy de Vries, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Riken BNL

    Thursday, May 9, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    The search for an understanding of fundamental particle physics that goes beyond the Standard Model (SM) has grown into a worldwide titanic effort. Low-energy precision experiments are complementary to collider searches and, in certain cases, can even probe higher energy scales directly. However, the interpretation of a potential signal, or lack thereof, is complicated because of the non-perturbative nature of low-energy QCD. I will use the search for electric dipole moments (EDMs), which aims to discover beyond-the-SM CP violation, as an example to illustrate these difficulties and how they can be overcome by combining (chiral) effective field theory and lattice QCD. I discuss how EDM experiments involving complex systems like nucleons, nuclei, atoms, and molecules constrain possible CP-violating interactions involving the Higgs boson, how these constraints match up to direct LHC searches, and the relevance of and strategies for the improvement of the hadronic and nuclear theory.

  237. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "High-throughput field phenotyping of photosynthetic capacity using hyperspectral imaging"

    Presented by Katherine Meacham, Univ. of Illinois

    Thursday, May 9, 2019, 11 am
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 490

    Hosted by: Angie Burnett

    Improved photosynthetic rates have been shown to increase crop biomass, making improved photosynthesis a focus for driving future grain yield increases. Improving the photosynthetic pathway offers opportunity to meet food demand, but requires high throughput measurement techniques to detect photosynthetic variation in natural accessions and transgenically improved plants. Gas exchange measurements are the most widely used method of measuring photosynthesis in field trials but this process is laborious and slow, and requires further modeling to estimate meaningful parameters and to upscale to the plot or canopy level. In field trials of tobacco with modifications made to the photosynthetic pathway, we infer key photosynthetic parameters from imaging spectroscopy using a partial least squares regression technique. We used two hyperspectral cameras with resolution 2.1nm in the visible range and 4.9nm in the NIR. Ground-truth measurements from leaf-level photosynthetic gas exchange, full-range (400-2500nm) hyperspectral reflectance and extracted pigments support the model. The results from a range of wild-type cultivars and from genetically modified germplasm offer a high-throughput screening tool for crop trials aimed at identifying increased photosynthetic capacity.

  238. Physics Colloquium

    "Mu*STAR Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Molten-Salt All-Purpose non-Nuclear Reactor"

    Presented by Rolland Johnson, Muons Inc.

    Tuesday, May 7, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: George Redlinger

    The Mu*STAR BHAG[1] is: To make superconducting RF accelerators so powerful and efficient that they make enough neutrons to produce nuclear energy for electricity or for process heat at less cost than from wind, solar, or natural gas, without weapons proliferation legacies of enrichment and chemical reprocessing, by burning unwanted nuclear materials. The arguments are presented to support that such a goal is possible in the near future. [1] BHAG: Big Hairy Audacious Goal, from "Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies" by Jim Collins and Jerry Porras (2004)

  239. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Relativistic Hydrodynamic Fluctuations"

    Presented by Gokce Basar, UiC

    Friday, May 3, 2019, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    We present a general systematic formalism for describing dynamics of fluctuations in an arbitrary relativistic hydrodynamic flow, including their feedback (known as long-time hydrodynamic tails) in a deterministic way. The fluctuations are described by two-point equal-time correlation functions. We introduce a definition of equal time in a situation where the local rest frame is determined by the local flow velocity, and a method of taking derivatives and Wigner transforms of such equal-time correlation functions, which we call confluent. The Wigner functions satisfy evolution equations that describes the relaxation of the out-of-equilibrium modes. We find that the equations for confluent Wigner functions nontrivially match with the kinetic equation for phonons propagating on an arbitrary background, including relativistic inertial and Coriolis forces due to acceleration and vorticity of the flow. We also describe the procedure of renormalization of short-distance singularities which eliminates cutoff dependence, allowing efficient numerical implementation of these equations.

  240. Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Observation of CP violation in charm decays"

    Presented by Angelo Di Canto, BNL

    Friday, May 3, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The existence of CP violation in the decays of strange and beauty mesons is well established experimentally by numerous measurements. By contrast, CP violation in the decays of charm particles has so far escaped observation. This seminar reports on the first observation of CP violation in charm decays thought the measurement of the difference between the time-integrated CP asymmetries in D0 -> K- K+ and D0 -> pi- pi+ decays. The measurement has been performed using the full data set of proton-proton collisions collected by LHCb in 2011-2018, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 9fb-1. In addition, a brief overview of recent measurements of mixing and mixing-induced CP violation in charm mesons at LHCb is also presented.

  241. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark Matter Searches with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC"

    Presented by Arely Cortes Gonzalez, CERN

    Thursday, May 2, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    The presence of a non-baryonic dark matter component in the Universe is inferred from the observation of its gravitational interaction. If dark matter interacts weakly with the Standard Model it would be produced at the LHC, escaping the detector and leaving a large missing transverse momentum as their signature. The ATLAS detector has developed a broad and systematic search program for dark matter production in LHC proton-proton collisions. The results of these searches on the 13 TeV data, their interpretation, and the possible evolution of the search program will be presented.

  242. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The Chiral Qubit: quantum computing with chiral anomaly"

    Presented by Dmitri Kharzeev, Stony Brook University and BNL

    Thursday, May 2, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    The quantum chiral anomaly enables a nearly dissipationless current in the presence of chirality imbalance and magnetic field – this is the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME), observed recently in Dirac and Weyl semimetals. We propose to utilize the CME for the design of qubits potentially capable of operating at THz frequency, room temperature, and the coherence time to gate time ratio of about 10^4 . The proposed "Chiral Qubit" is a micron-scale ring made of a Weyl or Dirac semimetal, with the |0> and |1> quantum states corresponding to the symmetric and antisymmetric superpositions of quantum states describing chiral fermions circulating along the ring clockwise and counter-clockwise. A fractional magnetic flux through the ring induces a quantum superposition of the |0> and |1> quantum states. The entanglement of qubits can be implemented through the near-field THz frequency electromagnetic fields.

  243. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Reviewing the AGS Heavy Ion Program and Looking Forward to the Fixed-Target Program at STAR"

    Presented by Prof. Daniel Cebra, UC Davis

    Tuesday, April 30, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    In the 1980's and 90's the AGS initiated a heavy-ion beam program with both silicon and gold beams. A suite of dedicated experiments established the systematics for production of light charged particles, strangeness, light nuclei, and anti-particles, as well as systematics for flow and femtoscopy. Those experiments established the design of the RHIC detectors and trained the personnel who would become leaders in the RHIC program. Recently, there has been renewed interest in the energy region covered by the AGS heavy-ion program. New facilities are being built Germany and Russia and proposed in Japan and China. And a conclusion of the first beam energy scan at RHIC was that it would be necessary to revisit the AGS energy range by installing a fixed-target within the STAR experiment. This talk will review key results from the AGS heavy-ion program, and those to results from the STAR fixed-target test runs, and outline the proposed physics program.

  244. Particle Physics Seminar

    ""Measure what is measurable and make measurable what is not so - Uncover new physics with bosons at the LHC and upgrades of the CMS detector to maximize the discovery potential""

    Presented by Mia Liu, FNAL

    Monday, April 29, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The Standard Model describes the building blocks of matter and their interactions. It has been tested extensively with experimental data and found to be incredibly successful in describing nature. Discovering the Higgs boson in 2012 at the LHC completed the picture of the SM. The LHC is at the forefront of directly searching for new physics which is Beyond-Standard-Model (BSM), and I will discuss searches for supersymmetric partners of the electroweak bosons, as well as measurement of an extremely rare process with three WWW bosons as stringent tests of the SM. I will also discuss the instrumentation which enables such studies. The discussion includes the recently completed CMS Phase-1 pixel upgrade, as well as the R&D studies towards solving the future trigger and computing challenges using innovative machine learning approaches in future high energy experiments.

  245. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searching for Higgs Pair Production at the LHC"

    Presented by Elizabeth Brost, Northern Illinois University

    Thursday, April 25, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    Since the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, the particle physics community at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been hard at work studying its properties, and comparing them to the predictions of the Standard Model (SM), including the couplings of the Higgs boson to itself and to other particles. The Higgs self-coupling can be measured directly in the Higgs pair production process, and will provide insight into the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking. In the SM, the di-Higgs cross section in proton-proton collisions is very small. However, a wide range of beyond-the-SM models predict enhancements to the di-Higgs production rate, which motivates searching for di-Higgs production even now, when the SM cross section is too small to measure in the current LHC dataset. Looking forward, the LHC Run 3 and HL-LHC will bring a new set of challenges, including more proton-proton collisions per bunch crossing. Extracting rare physics signatures from this busier environment will be difficult for the current ATLAS trigger system. In this talk, I will present current and future ATLAS searches for hh production using a variety of final states, and discuss the use of future track triggers in upgrades to the ATLAS trigger system.

  246. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Partons from the Path-Integral Formalism of the Hadronic Tensor"

    Presented by Keh-Fei Liu, University of Kentucky

    Thursday, April 25, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

  247. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Parton distributions in Euclidean space"

    Presented by Anatoly Radyushkin, ODU/JLab

    Friday, April 19, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    To extract parton distributions from the lattice simulations, one needs to consider matrix elements M(z,p) of bilocal correlators of parton fields [generically written as φ(0)φ(z)] at spacelike separations z=(0,0,0,z_3). A transition to PDFs may be proceeded by taking a Fourier transform either with respect to z_3 for fixed p_3 (which gives X. Ji's quasi-PDFs), or with respect to the Lorentz-invariant variable ν=-(zp) for fixed values of another Lorentz invariant z^2 [which results in pseudo-PDFs].These functions are interesting on their own, and I will discuss, in the continuum case, their general properties, the connection between the two types of functions, and their relation with the usual light-cone PDFs. I will outline the algorithm of extracting the PDFs through the use of the so-called "reduced Ioffe-time distributions",and illustrate this pseudo-PDF-oriented approach on the example of exploratory lattice simulations performed by Orginos et al.

  248. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dissecting the Higgs boson with ATLAS and leptons"

    Presented by Quentin Buat, CERN

    Thursday, April 18, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    Using data taken during the first years of the LHC Run2, ATLAS has firmly established the coupling of the Higgs boson to the tau lepton, thus directly confirming the existence of leptonic Yukawa interactions. In this talk, I will present the cross-section measurements performed by ATLAS in the di-tau final state with a partial Run2 dataset and discuss the prospects of the analysis with the full Run2 dataset and beyond. I will also discuss the status of the search for the muonic Yukawa interaction.

  249. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    ""Superconductivity and magnetism at ferroelectric critical point""

    Presented by Alexander Balatsky, UConn Nordita

    Thursday, April 18, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ilya Drozdov

    It is well established that multiple entangled orders emerge in quantum materials at criticality: eg superconducting states develop in the vicinity of magnetic phases. I will make the case that similar phenomena occur in quantum paraelectrics. Recent observations of strain and O18 isotope substitution in doped STO support the view of the key role critical ferroelectric fluctuations play in producing superconductivity. Looking beyond superconductivity, I will illustrate how quantum ferroelectric fluctuations can induce magnetic fluctuations due to recently proposed phenomenon of dynamic multiferroicity.

  250. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Using High-Resolution Observations to Improve a Low-Resolution Global Climate Model"

    Presented by Greg Elsaesser, NASA GISS

    Thursday, April 18, 2019, 11 am
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 490

    Hosted by: Mike Jensen

    This talk will begin with an overview of recent development in the representation of deep convection in the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) General Circulation Model (GCM). Global satellite remote sensing products are important references for continual GCM development and evaluation, but such products often provide data at coarse temporal and/or spatial resolutions, thus making it difficult to conceptualize and evaluate "process representations" in a GCM. I will discuss the various approaches I am taking to average global satellite retrievals in new ways, coincident with efforts to use new DOE/ARM observations, to derive composite high-resolution evolutions of deep convection and the nearby environment. These depictions will not only inform future development, but they are also crucial for ensuring that recent improved mean-state representations are not the result of errors cancelling at the process level.

  251. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Recent Results from COMPASS"

    Presented by Ana-Sofia Nunes, BNL

    Tuesday, April 16, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    COMPASS is a fixed target experiment at the CERN SPS that has been collecting data since 2002 and was already approved to run in 2021. It uses unique beams of naturally polarized muons and unpolarized hadrons of 160, 190 or 200 GeV impinging on polarized and unpolarized proton, isoscalar or heavy targets to study fundamental aspects of QCD, as the structure of nucleons, hadron spectroscopy and the pion polarizability. The collected data allow measurements on the spin structure of nucleons, not only in the collinear approximation but also on nucleon tomography, either via deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) and deeply virtual meson production (DVMP) which give access to generalized parton distributions (GPDs), or via semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) and polarized Drell-Yan (DY) which give access to transverse-momentum dependent parton distribution functions (TMDs). Moreover, hadron multiplicities extracted from semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering data can be used as input for the computation of fragmentation functions (FFs) in QCD fits. A selection of the latest published and preliminary results of COMPASS in the scope of the study of the structure of nucleons and the hadronization of quarks will be presented.

  252. Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science - The Myron Strongin Seminar

    "Disappearance of Superconductivity Due to Vanishing Coupling in the Overdoped High-Temperature Cuprate Superconductors"

    Presented by Tonica Valla, BNL

    Monday, April 15, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin and Jing Tao

    In high-temperature cuprate superconductors, superconductivity is accompanied by a "plethora of orders", and phenomena that may compete, or cooperate with superconductivity, but which certainly complicate our understanding of origins of superconductivity in these materials. While prominent in the underdoped regime, these orders are known to significantly weaken or completely vanish with overdoping. Here, we approach the superconducting phase from the more conventional highly overdoped side. We present angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d (Bi2212) single crystals cleaved and annealed in ozone to increase the doping all the way to the metallic, non-superconducting phase. We show that the mass renormalization in the antinodal region of the Fermi surface, associated with the structure in the quasiparticle self-energy, that possibly reflects the pairing interaction, monotonically weakens with increasing doping and completely disappears precisely where superconductivity disappears. This is the direct evidence that in the overdoped regime, superconductivity is determined by the coupling strength. A strong doping dependence and an abrupt disappearance above the transition temperature (Tc) eliminate the conventional phononic mechanism of the observed mass renormalization and identify the onset of spin-fluctuations as its likely origin.

  253. Physics Colloquium

    "Future Circular Collider"

    Presented by Michael Benedikt, CERN

    Friday, April 12, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: George Redlinger & Maria Chamizo Llatas

    The global Future Circular Collider Study, launched in 2014 by CERN as host institute, has published its conceptual design report by the end of 2018, as input to the update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics. Today, a staged Future Circular Collider (FCC), consisting of a luminosity-frontier highest-energy electron-positron collider (FCC-ee) followed by an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), promises the most far-reaching physics program for the post-LHC era. FCC-ee is a precision instrument to study the Z, W, Higgs and top particles, and o?ers unprecedented sensitivity to signs of new physics. Most of the FCC-ee infrastructure can later be reused for the subsequent hadron collider, FCC-hh. The FCC-hh provides proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 100 TeV and can directly produce new particles with masses of up to several tens of TeV. This collider will also measure the Higgs self-coupling and explore the dynamics of electroweak symmetry breaking. Heavy-ion collisions and ep collisions (FCC-eh) further contribute to the breadth of the overall FCC program. The integrated FCC infrastructure will serve the particle physics community through the end of the 21st century. This presentation will summarize the conceptual designs of FCC-ee and FCC-hh, covering the machine concepts, the R&D for key technologies, infrastructure planning, initial considerations for the experiments, and a possible implementation schedule.

  254. NT / RIKEN Seminar

    "A Complex Path Around the Sign Problem"

    Presented by Paolo Bedaque, U Maryland

    Friday, April 12, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    The famous "sign problem" is the main roadblock in the path to a Monte Carlo solution of QCD at finite densities and the study of real time dynamics. We review a recent developed approach to this problem based on deforming the domain of integration of the oath integral into complex field space. After discussing the math involved in the complex analysis of multidimensional spaces we will talk about the advantages/disadvantages of using Lefschetz thimbles, "learnifolds" and "optimized manifolds" as the alternative integration manifold as well as the algorithms that go with them. Several examples of lower dimensional field theories will be presented.

  255. HET Lunch Seminar

    "Highlights from EW Moriond 2019"

    Presented by Amarjit Soni, BNL

    Friday, April 12, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Aaron Meyer

  256. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Neutrino Interaction Modeling and Tuning"

    Presented by Libo Jiang, University of Pittsburgh

    Thursday, April 11, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    GENIE is a well-knows event generator provides the simulation of neutrino interactions, and performs a highly-developed global analysis of neutrino scattering. It handles all neutrinos and targets, and all processes relevant from MeV to PeV energy scales. I am going to present the modelling of neutrino interactions and results of tuning against experimental data.

  257. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Tailoring electronic and thermal properties of bulk Cu26T2(Ge,Sn)6S32 colusite through defects engineering and functionalization of the conductive network"

    Presented by Emmanuel Guilmeau, CRISMAT Laboratory, Caen, France

    Thursday, April 11, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Qiang Li

    A complete study of the structure and thermoelectric properties of colusite Cu26T2(Ge,Sn)6S32 (T = V, Cr, Mo, W) is presented. A brief introduction provides a state-of-theart/survey of thermoelectric sulfides, with a special focus on the structural features and transport properties relationship in Cu-based sulfides. In the first part of this presentation, we highlight the key role of the densification process on the formation of short-to-medium range structural defects in Cu26V2Sn6S32 [1]. A simple and powerful way to adjust carrier concentration combined with enhanced phonon scattering through point defects and disordered regions is described. By combining experiments with band structure and phonons calculations, we elucidate, for the first time, the underlying mechanisms at the origin of the intrinsically low thermal conductivity in colusite samples as well as the effect of S vacancies and antisite defects on the carrier concentration. In the second part, we demonstrate the spectacular role of the substitution of V5+ by hexavalent T6+ cations (Cr, Mo and W) on the electronic properties, leading to high power factors [2]. In particular, Cu26Cr2Ge6S32 shows a value of 1.53 mW m-1 K-2 at RT that reaches a maximum value of 1.94 mW m-1 K-2 at 700 K. The rationale is based on the concept of conductive "Cu-S" network, which in colusites corresponds to the more symmetric parent sphalerite structure. The interactions within the mixed octahedral-tetrahedral [TS4]Cu6 complexes are shown to be responsible for the outstanding electronic transport properties. [1] C. Bourgès et al., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 140 (2018) 2186 [2] V. Pavan Kumar et al., Adv. Energy Mater. 9 (2019) 1803249

  258. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Importance of electron interactions in understanding the photo-electron spectroscopy and the Weyl character of MoTe2"

    Presented by Niraj Aryal, Florida State University

    Thursday, April 11, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin

    Weyl semimetals are crystalline materials that host pairs of chiral Weyl Fermions (WFs) as low energy excitations. Such WFs act as sources and sinks of Berry curvature and can contribute to many exotic transport properties. Recently, inversion symmetry broken transition metal dichalcogenide materials like MoTe2 and WTe2 have been predicted to host type-II WFs by DFT calculations and ARPES experiments. However, quantum oscillation experiments (QOE) disagree with the DFT calculations thus raising doubt about the existence of Weyl physics in these materials [1]. In order to address this discrepancy, we studied the role of electron interactions in Td-MoTe2 by employing DFT where the onsite Coulomb repulsion (Hubbard U) for the Mo 4d states is included within the DFT+U scheme. We found that in addition to explaining the QOE, inclusion of electron interaction is needed to explain the light-polarization dependence measured by ARPES [2]. We also found that while the number of Weyl points (WPs) and their position in the Brillouin Zone change as a function of U, a pair of such WPs very close to the Fermi level survive the inclusion of these important corrections. Our calculations suggest that the Fermi surface of Td-MoTe2 is in the vicinity of a correlations-induced Lifshitz transition which can be probed experimentally. If time allows, I will also present briefly our study of the interface between topological insulator and non-topological materials which are important for band engineering and studying emergent fundamental phenomena. References [1] D. Rhodes, R. Schonemann, N. Aryal, Q.R. Zhou et al., Bulk Fermi surface of the Weyl type-II semimetallic candidate ?-MoTe2, Phys. Rev. B 96, 165134 (2017). [2] N. Aryal and E. Manousakis, Importance of electron correlations in understanding the photo-electron spectroscopy and the Weyl character of MoTe2, Phys. Rev. B 99, 035123 (2019).

  259. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Simulating Mixed-Phase Clouds at High Latitudes: Model Evaluation, Improvement, and Interactions with Aerosol"

    Presented by Xiahong Liu, Univ. Wyoming

    Thursday, April 11, 2019, 11 am
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 490

    Hosted by: Damao Zhang

    Mixed-phase clouds are frequently observed in the Arctic and Antarctic and over the Southern Ocean, and have important impacts on the surface energy budget and regional climate. Global climate models (GCMs), an important tool for studying the climate change still have large biases in simulating the mixed-phase cloud properties, including supercooled liquid amount and liquid and ice phase partitioning. In this talk, I will present our recent works on mixed-phase clouds: (1) improving the representations of subgrid mixing and partitioning between cloud liquid and ice in mixed-phase clouds in the DOE's Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM). Model simulations are evaluated against observation data obtained in the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's field campaigns and long-term ground-based multi-sensor measurements; and (2) investigating the effects of aerosols, including dust and sea spray aerosol, on mixed-phase clouds. We found that dust, as ice nucleating particles (INPs), induces a global net warming via its indirect effect on mixed-phase clouds with a predominant warming in the NH midlatitudes and a cooling in the Arctic. INP sources of sea spray aerosol vary with time and geographic location with the maximum contribution in the marine boundary layer over the Southern Ocean, where dust has a limited influence. Modeled INP concentrations are compared with observations from different campaigns (e.g., MARCUS, SOCRATES, CAPRICORN).

  260. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The Search for the dark vector boson"

    Presented by Diallo Boye, BNL

    Wednesday, April 10, 2019, 4 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricolli

    Hidden sector or dark sector states appear in many extensions to the Standard Model, to provide a particle candidate for dark matter in universe or to explain astrophysical observations such the as positron excess observed in the cosmic radiation flux. A hidden or dark sector can be introduced with an additional U(1)d dark gauge symmetry. The discovery of the Higgs boson during Run 1 of the Large Hadron Collider opens a new and rich experimental program based on the Higgs Portal. This discovery route uses couplings to the dark sector at the Higgs level, which were not experimentally accessible before. These searches use the possible exotic decays: H -> Z Zd -> 4l and H -> Zd Zd -> 4l. Here Zd is a dark vector boson. We have experience of this search from the Run 1 period of the LHC using the ATLAS detector at CERN. These results showed (tantalizingly) two signal events where none were expected, so that in the strict criteria of High Energy Physics, the result was not yet statistically significant. The Run 1 analysis for 8 TeV collision energy is further developed in Run 2 with 13 TeV collision energy, to expand the search area, take advantage of higher statistics, a higher Higgs production cross section, and substantially better performance of the ATLAS detector. The analysis is extended to search for heavier scalars decaying to dark vector bosons.

  261. CFN Special Colloquium

    "Discovering novel materials, and novel physics, with first-principles"

    Presented by Nicola Marzari, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)

    Wednesday, April 10, 2019, 3:30 pm
    CFN, Bldg 735, 2nd Floor Seminar Room

    Hosted by: Mark Hybertsen

    First-principles simulations are one of the greatest accelerators in the world of science and technology. To provide some context, one could mention that 30,000 papers on density-functional theory are published every year; that 12 of these are in the top-100 most-cited papers in the entire history of science, engineering, and medicine; or that the doubling in capacity every 14 months has been the underwriter of computational science for the past 30 years. I'll highlight some of my own scientific, structural, and policy perspectives on this, taking as a case study the discovery of novel two-dimensional materials and of their properties and applications. I'll then argue how the need to calculate materials properties often forces a critical evaluation of some stalwarts of condensed-matter physics: in this case, learning that phonons are just a high-temperature approximation for heat carriers, or discovering that the Boltzmann transport equation can be generalized to describe simultaneously the propagation and interference of phonon wavepackets, thus unifying the description of thermal transport in crystals and glasses. Bio: Nicola Marzari holds the chair of Theory and Simulation of Materials at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, where he is also the director of the Swiss National Centre for Competence in Research MARVEL, on Computational Design and Discovery of Novel Materials (2014-26). Previous tenured appointment include the Toyota Chair for Materials Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the first Statutory (University) Chair of Materials Modelling at the University of Oxford, where he was also the director of the Materials Modelling Laboratory. He is the current chairman of the Psi-k Charity and Board of Trustees, and holder of an Excellence Chair at the University of Bremen.

  262. BWIS Sponsored Event

    "How Beauty Leads Physics Astray"

    Presented by Sabine Hossenfelder, Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Germany

    Tuesday, April 9, 2019, 5 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Vivian Stojanoff

    To develop fundamentally new laws of nature, theoretical physicists often rely on arguments from beauty. Simplicity and naturalness in particular have been strongly influential guides in the foundations of physics ever since the development of the standard model of particle physics. In this lecture I argue that arguments from beauty have led the field into a dead end and discuss what can be done about it.

  263. Physics Colloquium

    "Do Women Get Fewer Citations Than Men?"

    Presented by Sabine Hossenfelder, Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Germany

    Tuesday, April 9, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Berndt Mueller

    I will talk about the results of a citation analysis on publication data from the arXiv and inspire in which we explored gender differences. I will further explain how we can use bibliometric analysis to improve the efficiency of knowledge discovery.

  264. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    ""Charge and lattice entanglement in quantum materials observed by TEM: Tb2Cu0.83Pd0.17O4 and Cu2S""

    Presented by Wei Wang, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing

    Tuesday, April 9, 2019, 3 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Jing Tao

    Plenty of physical properties in strongly electron correlated system are thought to arise from intricate interplay among charge, spin, orbital and lattice. Understanding the structural origin of these functionalities, such as superconductivity, multiferroics, etc, has attracted tremendous attention for decades. Using electron diffraction technique in TEM, we recently studied the modulated structure in Tb2Cu0.83Pd0.17O4 compound and phase transition in Cu2S. After a brief introduction of TEM techniques that I have employed for the study, I will report observations of electron-beam-induced smectic-nematic phase transitions in Tb2Cu0.83Pd0.17O4. Electron diffraction and HAADF-STEM images indicate a superlattice structure with Cu/Pd displacements perpendicular to the Cu-O plane on Cu sites. In addition, the superlattice modulation undergoes a reversible smectic-nematic phase transition under the electron beam illumination. Our in situ TEM results imply that the modulated structure root in a charge ordering at Cu sites. Then I will switch to an on-going study of the Cu2S at high temperature. Previous reports show that the crystal structural of Cu2S can be manipulated by electron beam illumination, suggesting a strong coupling between charge and lattice. To explore the structural phase transition and to have a better understanding of superionic behavior in this material, we focus on diffuse scattering in the electron diffraction patterns obtained at high temperatures, which results from short range ordering of Cu atoms. Electron diffraction tomographyic data were collected in order to reconstruct the real-space structure for Cu atoms. Preliminary results will be shown followed by a discussion with early-stage interpretations.

  265. High Energy Theory Seminar

    "Dark Matter — or What?"

    Presented by Sabine Hossenfelder, Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Germany

    Tuesday, April 9, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Berndt Mueller

    In this talk I will explain (a) what observations speak for the hypothesis of dark matter, (b) what observations speak for the hypothesis of modified gravity, and (c) why it is a mistake to insist that either hypothesis on its own must explain all the available data. The right explanation, I will argue, is instead a suitable combination of dark matter and modified gravity, which can be realized by the idea that dark matter has a super fluid phase.

  266. NT / RIKEN seminar

    "The Color Glass Condensate density matrix: Lindblad evolution, entanglement entropy and Wigner functional"

    Presented by Alex Kovner, U Connecticut

    Friday, April 5, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    We introduce the notion of the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) density matrix ρ̂ . This generalizes the concept of probability density for the distribution of the color charges in the hadronic wave function and is consistent with understanding the CGC as an effective theory after integration of part of the hadronic degrees of freedom. We derive the evolution equations for the density matrix and show that it has the celebrated Kossakowsky-Lindblad form describing the non-unitary evolution of the density matrix of an open system. Additionally, we consider the dilute limit and demonstrate that, at large rapidity, the entanglement entropy of the density matrix grows linearly with rapidity according to dSe/dy=γ, where γ is the leading BFKL eigenvalue. We also discuss the evolution of ρ̂ in the saturated regime and relate it to the Levin-Tuchin law and find that the entropy again grows linearly with rapidity, but at a slower rate. Finally we introduce the Wigner functional derived from this density matrix and discuss how it can be used to determine the distribution of color currents, which may be instrumental in understanding dynamical features of QCD at high energy.

  267. Physics Colloquium

    "Views and news on chiral transport"

    Presented by Karl Landsteiner

    Thursday, April 4, 2019, 4 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    I present an effective action approach to chiral transport. Chiral Magnetic and Chiral Vortical Effect are treated in exact parallel and result in the known dependence on chemical potential and temperature. The approach sheds light on some of the more obscure features of chiral transport such as covariant and consistent anomalies and a seeming mismatch of the derivative expansion. As a related application I will comment on the thermal Hall effect on 2D topological insulators. Then I discuss a new example of chiral transport: anomalous Hall viscosity at the quantum critical point of the Weyl-semimetal/insulator transition. Results from a holographic model will be compared to a weak coupling quantum field theory analysis.

  268. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Flavour physics with dynamical chiral fermions"

    Presented by Peter Boyle, University of Edinburgh

    Thursday, April 4, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hooman Davoudiasl

    I discuss recent simulations with dynamical chiral fermions. In particular I focus on neutral kaon mixing amplitudes in and beyond the standard model, calculated for the first time with physical quark masses. A puzzle in the non-perturbative renormalisation of the BSM operators is resolved. The prospects for extension of this calculation to B-meson mixing amplitudes is discussed, and initial results for the standard model B mixing amplitudes presented. Prospects for future calculations over the next five years are considered.

  269. Physics Colloquium

    "Prospects on nucleon tomography"

    Presented by Herve Moutard, Université Paris-Saclay

    Wednesday, April 3, 2019, 3 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Salvatore Fazio

    Much attention has been devoted in recent years to the three-dimensional quark and gluon structure of the nucleon. In particular the concept of Generalized Parton Distributions promises an understanding of the generation of the charge, spin, and energy-momentum structure of the nucleon by its fundamental constituents. Forthcoming measurements with unprecedented accuracy at Jefferson Lab and at a future electron-ion collider will presumably challenge our quantitative description of the three-dimensional structure of hadrons. To fully exploit these future experimental data, new tools and models are currently being developed. After a brief reminder of what make Generalized Parton Distributions a unique tool to understand the nucleon structure, we will discuss the constraints provided by the existing measurements and review recent theoretical developments. We will explain why these developments naturally fit in a versatile software framework, named PARTONS, dedicated to the phenomenology and theory of GPDs.

  270. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological semimetals predicted from first-principles and theoretical approaches"

    Presented by Jiawei Ruan, School of Physics, Nanjing University, China

    Monday, April 1, 2019, 11 am
    Building 734, Seminar Room 201

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin

    Weyl semimetals are new states of matter which feature novel Fermi arcs and exotic transport phenomena. Based on first-principles calculations, we report that the HgTe-class materials [1] as well as four chalcopyrites [2] are ideal Weyl semimetals, having largely separated Weyl points and uncovered Fermi arcs that are amenable to experimental detections. We also construct a minimal effective model to capture the low-energy physics of this class of Weyl semimetals. Our discovery is a major step toward a perfect playground of intriguing Weyl semimetals and potential applications for low-power and high-speed electronics. Besides the ideal Weyl semimetals, I will talk about Non-Hermitian nodal-line semimetals with an anomalous bulk-boundary correspondence [3]. I will also present recent results of saddle surface in topological materials and a new method to construct a simplified tight-binding model based on group theory analysis. [1] JR et al., Nature communications 7, 11136 (2016). [2] JR et al., PRL 116, 226801 (2016). [3] H. Wang, JR, and H. Zhang, PRB 99, 075130 (2019).

  271. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Toward a unified description of both low and high ptparticle production in high energy collisions"

    Presented by Jamal Jalilian-Marian, Baruch College, City University of New York

    Friday, March 29, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Inclusive particle production at high p_t is successfully described by perturbative QCD using collinear factorization formalism with DGLAP evolution of the parton distribution functions. This formalism breaks down at small Bjorken x (high energy) due to high gluon density (gluon saturation) effects. The Color Glass Condensate (CGC) formalism is an effective action approach to particle production at small Bjorken x (low p_t) which includes gluon saturation. The CGC formalism nevertheless breaks down at intermediate/large Bjorken x, corresponding to the high p_t kinematic region in high energy collisions. Here we describe the first steps taken towards the derivation of a new formalism, with the ultimate goal of having a unified formalism for particle production at both low and high p_t in high energy hadronic/heavy ion collisions.

  272. High Energy / Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminars

    "Lattice Workshop for US -Japan Intensity Frontier Incubation (1/1)"

    Wednesday, March 27, 2019, 9 am

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  273. Physics Colloquium

    "Quantum Information Science Landscape, Vision, and NIST"

    Presented by Carl Williams, NIST

    Tuesday, March 26, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    The first part of the colloquium will provide an overview of United States government's interest in quantum information science from the National Strategic Overview for Quantum Information Science that established the policy objectives for this administration to the National Quantum Initiative Act that formalizes parts of this strategy for key civilian science agencies. This portion of the talk will conclude with placing the United States strategy in the global context and describe how the United States plans to establish the foundation for the quantum 2.0 economy. The second part of the colloquium will begin with a high-level overview of NIST, of NIST's interest in Quantum Information Science, before talking briefly about some interesting highlights from NIST laboratories. Moving from the highlights, the talk will explore ongoing and future metrological applications followed by some hypothetical conjectures of future technological applications with a focus on how quantum information science and its technology may impact fundamental physics from exploring potential time variation of fundamental constants to future probes of dark matter and gravitational waves.

  274. High Energy / Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminars

    "Lattice Workshop for US -Japan Intensity Frontier Incubation (1/1)"

    Tuesday, March 26, 2019, 9 am

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  275. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Deep learning at the edge of discovery at the LHC"

    Presented by Javier Duarte, FNAL

    Monday, March 25, 2019, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider in 2012 opened a new sector for exploration in the standard model of particle physics. Recent developments, including the use of deep learning to identify a complex but common decay of the Higgs boson to bottom quarks, have expanded our ability to study the production of Higgs bosons with very large momenta. By studying these Higgs bosons and measuring their momentum spectrum, we may be able to discover new physics at very high energy scales inaccessible directly at the LHC. I will explain these searches and the direction that deep learning is taking in particle physics, especially how it's changing the way we think about the trigger, event reconstruction, and our computing paradigm.

  276. High Energy / Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminars

    "Lattice Workshop for US -Japan Intensity Frontier Incubation (1/1)"

    Monday, March 25, 2019, 9 am

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  277. CANCELED - NT/RIKEN Seminar


    Presented by Alex Kovner, University of Connecticut

    Friday, March 22, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

  278. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Installation and preliminary results from ProtoDUNE Single Phase experiment at CERN"

    Presented by Maura Spanu, BNL

    Thursday, March 21, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    DUNE is a leading-edge, international experiment for neutrino science and proton decay. Its ambitious physics program requires a careful prototyping of the engineering solutions envisaged for the scale-up of the LArTPC technology, as well as a careful control of the systematics through the acquisition of a deep knowledge of the detector response and performances. ProtoDUNE is an extensive prototype program (ProtoDUNE) development at the European Research Center (CERN) Neutrino Platform facility with the aim to answer to all the open questions about DUNE design. The Single Phase prototype (ProtoDUNE SP) has been assembled in the EHN1 extension at CERN between 2016 and 2018 and it successfully took its first beam data from a dedicated SPS tertiary line from September to November 2018.

  279. Physics Colloquium

    "Development of LArTPC for Neutrino Physics"

    Presented by Xin Qian, BNL

    Tuesday, March 19, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC), with its mm-scale position resolution and the full-active-volume imaging-aided calorimetry, is an excellent device to detect accelerator neutrinos at GeV energy range. This technology may hold the key to search for new CP violation in the lepton sector, to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy, to search for baryon number violation, and to search for sterile neutrino(s). In this talk, I will review the existing achievements and current status of the detector development.

  280. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Modified Structure of Protons and Neutrons in Correlated Pairs"

    Presented by Dr. Barak Schmookler, Center for Frontiers in Nuclear Science, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, March 19, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    It has been known for several decades that the inelastic structure of the nucleon is modified by the presence of the nuclear medium. This modification is called the EMC effect. However, there is still no consensus as to the underlying QCD-based quark-gluon dynamics driving the effect. One approach to describe the EMC effect is to slightly modify the structure of all the nucleons in the nucleus. Recent evidence, however, suggests that the EMC effect may arise due to two-nucleon Short Range Correlations (SRC), which are pairs of nucleons close together in the nucleus. If this is true, it implies that nucleons are largely unmodified most of the time, but have their structure significantly modified when they temporarily fluctuate into SRC pairs. In this presentation, I will discuss the experimental evidence linking the EMC effect to two-nucleon SRCs. I will then describe a new data-driven phenomenological model of the EMC effect based on neutron-proton SRC pairs, and I will show that this model can consistently describe the effect across nuclei.

  281. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Baryons as Quantum Hall Droplets"

    Presented by Zohar Komargodski, Simons Center, Stony Brook

    Friday, March 15, 2019, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    We revisit the problem of baryons in the large N limit of Quantum Chromodynamics. A special case in which the theory of Skyrmions is inapplicable is one-flavor QCD, where there are no light pions to construct the baryon from. More generally, the description of baryons made out of predominantly one flavor within the Skyrmion model is unsatisfactory. We propose a model for such baryons, where the baryons are interpreted as quantum Hall droplets. An important element in our construction is an extended, 2+1 dimensional, meta-stable configuration of the η′ particle. Baryon number is identified with a magnetic symmetry on the 2+1 dimensional sheet. If the sheet has a boundary, there are finite energy chiral excitations which carry baryon number. These chiral excitations are analogous to the electron in the fractional quantum Hall effect. Studying the chiral vertex operators we are able to determine the spin, isospin, and certain excitations of the droplet. In addition, balancing the tension of the droplet against the energy stored at the boundary we estimate the size and mass of the baryons. The mass, size, spin, isospin, and excitations that we find agree with phenomenological expectations.

  282. Joint Nuclear/High Energy Physics Seminar

    "Precision measurements of fundamental interactions with (anti)neutrinos"

    Presented by Professor Roberto Petti, University of South Carolina

    Tuesday, March 12, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Milind Diwan

  283. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Neutron scattering study of strongly correlated systems"

    Presented by Yao Shen, Fudan University, China

    Monday, March 11, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    In strongly correlated systems, interactions between various microscopic degrees of freedom with similar energy scales can induce strong competition and frustration, leading to exotic phenomena. Here we use neutron scattering technique to study several strongly correlated systems to show how the competition and interplay between these degrees of freedom can induce different phases and properties. 1) In the pressure-induced superconductor CrAs, the competition between various magnetic interactions lead to a noncollinear helimagnetic order. In addition, CrAs exhibits a spin reorientation at a critical pressure (Pc ~ 0.6 GPa), which is accompanied by a lattice anomaly and coincides with the emergence of bulk superconductivity, indicating the strong interplay between magnetic, structural and electronic degrees of freedom. 2) FeSe, the structurally simplest iron-based superconductor, shows nematic order at 90 K, but no magnetic order in the parent phase. Our neutron scattering experiments reveal both stripe and Neel spin fluctuations that are coupled to the nematicity. The competition between these two phases suppress the magnetic order and drive the system into a nematic quantum disordered paramagnet. Similar phenomenon is observed in YFe2Ge2, in which the magnetic order is suppressed by the competition between stripe type AFM phase and in-plane FM phase. 3) In the heavily electron-doped FeSe based superconductor Li0.8Fe0.2ODFeSe (Tc=41 K), a twisted dispersion of spin excitations is observed which may be caused by the competition between itinerant and local electrons, analogous to the hole-doped cuprates which host remarkably high Tc as well. 4) In the two-dimensional triangular lattice antiferromagnet YbMgGaO4, due to the strong spin-orbit coupling and crystalline electric field (CEF), the low-lying crystal field ground state is a Kramers doublet. The geometric frustration is enhanced by the anisotropic interactions and a quantum sp

  284. PubSci

    "PubSci: Big Bang Physics and the Building Blocks of Matter"

    Thursday, March 7, 2019, 7 pm
    The Snapper Inn 500 Shore Dr, Oakdale, NY 11769

  285. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The PROSPECT Antineutrino Detector and Early Physics Results"

    Presented by Xianyi Zhang, Illinois Institute of Technology

    Thursday, March 7, 2019, 1:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Elizabeth Worcester

    PROSPECT, Precision Reactor Oscillation and SPECTrum, is a short baseline reactor antineutrino experiment. The PROSPECT antineutrino detector is an optically segmented liquid scintillator detector deployed ~7 m from a highly enriched U-235 reactor. This detector was designed to investigate discrepancies in the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum by model-independently probing the eV-scale sterile neutrino oscillation from nuclear fission reactor, as well as precisely measuring the U-235 antineutrino spectrum. The particle multi-segment scattering in PROSPECT detector brought a typical challenge in characterizing the scintillator nonlinearity. This talk details the energy scale study for PROSPECT with data-MC comparison of detector calibrations. The detector construction, commissioning, and its early physics measurements are also presented.

  286. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Neutrino cross sections"

    Presented by Callum Wilkinson, University of Bern

    Tuesday, March 5, 2019, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Elizabeth Worcester

    Current and planned neutrino oscillation experiments operate in the 0.1-10 GeV energy regime and use a variety of nuclear targets. At these energies, the neutrino cross section is not well understood: a variety of interaction processes are possible and nuclear effects play a significant role. This talk will give an overview of the state of neutrino cross sections, and explore their relationship with neutrino oscillation experiments.

  287. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Measurement of LAr purity using Cosmic Muons"

    Presented by Monica Nunes, IFGW/UNICAMP, Brazil

    Monday, March 4, 2019, 3 pm
    3-209B, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai

    LArIAT is an experiment based on a LArTPC aiming to study relevant cross sections of charged particles with argon as well as the development of the related instrumentation. Charged particle crossing the detector excite and ionize the argon atoms and the electrons generated by the ionization are drifted in an electric field towards the anodic wire planes of the TPC. With electronegative impurities in the liquid argon, the amount of charge collected by the wires is going to be smaller and affect the quality of the results obtained in the experiment. Cosmic muons that cross the TPC between beam spills is a valuable tool for measuring the liquid argon purity inside the detector. With the electron lifetime obtained with the purity analysis based on cosmics, is possible to correct data used for all other studies based on charge collection of the LArTPC. In this seminar, I'll present the method and the results obtained in the LArIAT experiment. I'll also present other tasks that I performed on LArIAT during my PhD research.

  288. Joint NT/RIKEN/CFNS Seminar

    "Measuring color memory in a color glass condensate"

    Presented by Ana-Maria Raclariu, Harvard University

    Thursday, February 28, 2019, 4 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-38 CFNS Seminar Room

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

  289. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Status and physics potential of the JUNO experiment"

    Presented by Zeyuan Yu, Institute of High Energy Physics, China

    Thursday, February 28, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a 20 kton multi-purpose liquid scintillator detector with an unprecedented energy resolution of 3% at 1 MeV being built in a dedicated underground laboratory in China and expected to start data taking in 2021. The main physics goal of the experiment is the determination of the neutrino mass ordering with a significance of 3-4 sigma within six years of running using electron anti-neutrinos coming from two nuclear power plants at a baseline of about 53 km. Beyond this fundamental question, JUNO will also have a very rich physics program including the precise measurement at a sub-percent level of the solar neutrino oscillation parameters, the detection of low-energy neutrinos coming from galactic core-collapse supernova, diffuse supernova background, the Sun, the Earth (geo-neutrinos) but also proton decay searches. This talk will give an overview on the JUNO physics potential and the current status of the project.

  290. HET Seminar

    "Probing New Physics with Neutrino Scattering"

    Presented by Ian Shoemaker, Virginia Tech

    Wednesday, February 27, 2019, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Gopolang Mohlabeng

    Current experimental sensitivities allow for neutrino scattering to be probed over a range of energy scales. In this talk, I'll discuss phenomenological probes of new physics using neutrino scattering at zero, GeV, and EeV momentum transfer. At zero momentum transfer, the forward coherent scattering of neutrinos on background particles provides novel sensitivity to Dark Matter. At MeV-GeV energies, the solar/atmospheric fluxes allow for the production of heavy sterile neutrinos at IceCube and direct detection experiments, resulting in distinctive signatures. Lastly, I'll discuss sterile neutrino scattering in the Earth as a possible explanation of the anomalous EeV events reported by ANITA.

  291. Physics Colloquium

    "Precision measurement of neutrinos at Hyper-Kamiokande"

    Presented by Akira Konaka, TRIUMF

    Tuesday, February 26, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: George Redlinger

    Hyper-Kamiokande (HyperK) is a water Cherenkov neutrino detector whose construction in Japan was recently approved. The fiducial mass is 187kton, eight times larger than the Super-Kamiokande detector. The upgraded J-PARC accelerator located 295km away will provide high intensity neutrino and anti-neutrino beams tuned at the oscillation maximum. In this talk, I will describe the challenges of the systematic uncertainties in future neutrino oscillation experiments and how HyperK plans to address them. In addition to the observation of CP violation, Hyper-Kamiokande will explore directions that may become the main research topic in the future if something new is discovered: Precision neutrino oscillations to test the unitarity of the lepton flavour mixing, neutrino astronomy, such as supernova neutrinos and searches for astrophysical point sources of neutrinos, and searches for phenomena beyond the standard model, such as dark matter and nucleon decays.

  292. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Unconventional superconductivity and complex tensor order in half-Heusler superconductors"

    Presented by Igor Boettcher, University of Maryland

    Tuesday, February 26, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Laura Classen

    A revolutionary new direction in the field of superconductivity emerged recently with the synthesis of superconductors with strong inherent spin-orbit coupling such as the half-Heusler alloys. Due to band inversion, the low-energy degrees of freedom are electrons at a three-dimensional quadratic band touching point with an effective spin 3/2, which allows for higher-spin Cooper pairing and potentially topological superconductivity. I will illuminate some possibilities for unconventional superconductivity in this system, in particular a novel superconducting quantum critical point and the transition into a phase with complex tensor order, which is a superconducting state captured by a complex second-rank tensor valued order parameter describing Cooper pairs having spin 2. Here the interplay of both tensorial and complex nature results in a rich and intriguing phenomenology. I will highlight how optical response measurements can shed light on the phase structure of individual compounds.

  293. NT / RIKEN Seminar

    "Quantum Chaos, Wormholes and the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model"

    Presented by Jacobus Verbaarschot, Stony Brook University

    Friday, February 22, 2019, 2 pm
    2-38 CFNS Seminar Room

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model has a long history in nuclear physics where its precursor was introduced as a model for the two-body nuclear interaction to describe the spectra of complex nuclei. Most notably, its level density is given by the Bethe formula and its level correlations are consistent with chaotic motion of the nucleons. Recently, this model received a great of attention as a solvable model for the quantum states of a black hole, exactly because of these properties. In this lecture we introduce the SYK model from a nuclear physics perspective and discuss its chaotic nature and its relation with black hole physics. We end with a summary of recent work on two SYK models coupled by a spin-spin interaction as a model for wormholes.

  294. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Probing New Physics and the Nature of the Higgs Boson at ATLAS"

    Presented by Lailin Xu, University of Michigan

    Thursday, February 21, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The long-sought Higgs boson discovered at the LHC completes the Standard Model of the particle physics. During the last six years, substantial achievements have been made to probe the nature of the Higgs boson. Participle physics is however at an impasse: deep mysteries of the Electroweak symmetry breaking remain unanswered, and long-awaited new physics phenomena beyond the SM have not shown up yet. In this talk, I start with a brief overview on the current profile of measurements of the Higgs boson properties and couplings. I then present Higgs measurements in the four-lepton channel, and how we use the Higgs boson as a portal in the quest for new physics. In the end, I discuss the prospect of the Higgs measurements including the Higgs self-coupling at future colliders.

  295. Physics Colloquium

    "Physics education research in higher education: What can we learn from the top cited papers in the Physical Review?"

    Presented by Charles Henderson, Western Michigan University

    Tuesday, February 19, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    The journal Physical Review Physics Education Research was started in 2005 as the archival research journal for the field of Physics Education Research (PER). In this talk I will identify some important findings from the field of PER based on highly cited articles from the journal. For example, there is strong evidence that in typical physics courses many students do not learn the core concepts of the discipline; student beliefs about physics become less expert like; and there is a significant gender gap, with men outperforming women. Many PER-based instructional strategies can improve student knowledge and some instructional strategies can improve student beliefs. However, implementation of these strategies is low because the field often uses ineffective dissemination strategies.

  296. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Opportunities in Reactor Neutrino Physics"

    Presented by Chao Zhang, BNL

    Friday, February 15, 2019, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  297. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    ": Electronic structure of d-metal systems as revealed by ab initio modeling of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering"

    Presented by Lei Xu, Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Germany

    Friday, February 15, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin

    I will present our work on the theoretical investigation of the electronic structure, magnetic interactions and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) in 3d or 4d-5d transition metal (TM) compounds by using wave-function-based many-body quantum chemistry (QC) methods. My presentation contains two parts. In the first part, I will discuss the magnetic properties of 4d and 5d TM ions with a formally degenerate t12g electron configuration in the double-perovskite (DP) materials Ba2YMoO6, Ba2LiOsO6 and Ba2NaOsO6. Our analysis indicates that the sizable magnetic moments and g-factors found experimentally are due to both strong TM d – ligand p hybridization and dynamic Jahn-Teller effects. Our results also point out that cation charge imbalance in the DP structure allows a fine tuning of the gap between the t2g and eg levels. In another example of t12g electron configuration, spin-Peierls (SP) TiPO4 compound, we assign excitation peaks of experimental RIXS spectra and find that the d1 ground state is composed of an admixture of dz2 and dxz orbital character. In the second part, I will discuss a computational scheme for computing intensities as measured in X-ray absorption and RIXS experiments. We take into account the readjustment of the charge distribution in the 'vicinity' of an excited electron for the modeling of RIXS. The computed L3-edge RIXS spectra for Cu2+ 3d9 ions in KCuF3 and for Ni2+ 3d8 ions in La2NiO4 reproduce trends found experimentally for the incoming-photon incident-angle and polarization dependence.

  298. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Measuring CCQE-like Cross Sections in MINERvA: when statistics meet precision"

    Presented by Mateus F. Carneiro, Oregon State University

    Thursday, February 14, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Elizabeth Worcester

    MINERvA is a detector build to measure neutrino-nucleus cross sections. As we move towards more precise measurements, cross sections are of extreme importance to the future of neutrino physics. This talk will walk through all the steps necessary to simulate, select signal and measure a CCQE cross section while we test different nuclear models. New preliminary MINERvA results using the new configuration of the NuMI beam will be presented.

  299. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Chiral Photocurrents and Terahertz Emission in Dirac and Weyl Materials"

    Presented by Mr. Sahal Kaushik, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, February 14, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    Recently, chiral photocurrents have been observed in Weyl materials. We propose a new mechanism for photocurrents in Dirac materials in the presence of magnetic fields, that does not depend on any asymmetries of the crystal. This Chiral Magnetic Photocurrent would be an independent probe of the chiral anomaly. We also also discuss an observation of terahertz emission in the Weyl material TaAs with tunable ellipticity, due to chiral photocurrents induced by an ultrafast near infrared laser.

  300. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) as a probe of exciton-phonon coupling"

    Presented by Andrey Geondzhian, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France (UTC+1)

    Thursday, February 14, 2019, 9:30 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin

    Phonons contribute to resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) as a consequence of the coupling between electronic and lattice degrees of freedom. Unlike other techniques that are sensitive to electron-phonon interactions, RIXS can give access to momentum dependent coupling constants. This Information is highly desirable in the context of understanding anisotropic conventional and unconventional superconductivity. In my talk, I will consider the phonon contribution to RIXS from the theoretical point of view. In contrast to previous studies, we emphasize the role of the core-hole lattice coupling. Our model, with parameters obtained from first principles, shows that even in the case of a deep core-hole, RIXS probes exciton-phonon coupling rather than a direct electron-phonon coupling. Further, to address the needs of predictive approach and overcome limitations of the model studies we developed a Green's function formalism to capture electron-phonon contributions to RIXS and other core-level spectroscopies (X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)). Our approach is based on the cumulant expansion of the Green's function combined with many-body theory calculated vibrational coupling constants. In the case of the XAS and RIXS, we use a two-particle exciton Green's function, which accounts implicitly for particle-hole interference effects that have previously proved difficult. Finally, to demonstrate the methodology, we successfully applied our formalism to small molecules, for which unambiguous experimental data exist.

  301. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Phase transition in functional materials and structural dynamics as studied by UTEM"

    Presented by Ming Zhang, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    Tuesday, February 12, 2019, 10 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Jing Tao

    My presentation contains 3 parts. First, I will briefly introduce the pump-probe technique and Ultrafast Transmission Electron Microscopy (UTEM). Then I will demonstrate our development project of the UTEM, including the modifications of the configuration, the establishment of optical system, the generation of photoelectrons, and specific cases are discussed to show the capability of our UTEM. At last, I will highlight the application of UTEM via two examples: (1) The photoinduced martensitic (MT) transition and reverse transition in a shape memory alloy Mn50Ni40Sn10 have been examined by UTEM, and imaging and diffraction observations clearly show a variety of structural dynamic features at picosecond time scales; (2) The Lorentz UTEM for direct imaging photoinduced ultrafast magnetization dynamics, revealing remarkable features of magnetic transient states after a femtosecond pulsed laser excitation, and three successive dynamical processes involving four distinct magnetic states are evidently observed in MnNiGa crystals.

  302. NT / RIKEN Seminar

    "Realizing relativistic dynamics with slow light polaritons at room temperature"

    Presented by Eden Figueroa, Stony Brook University

    Friday, February 8, 2019, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Experimental verification of relativistic field theory models requires accelerator experiments. A possible pathway that could help understanding the dynamics of such models for bosons or fermions is the use of quantum technology in the form of quantum analog simulators. In this talk we will explore the possibility of generating nonlinear Dirac-type Hamiltonians using coherent superpositions of photons and spin wave excitations of atoms. Our realization uses a driven slow-light setup, where photons mimic the Dirac fields and different dynamics can be implemented and tuned by adjusting optical parameters. We will show our progress tin building a quantum simulator of the Jackiw-Rebbi model using highly-interacting photons strongly coupled to a room temperature atomic ensemble. We have identified suitable conditions in which the input photons dispersion relations can be tuned to a spinor of light configuration, mimicking the Dirac regime and providing a framework to create tunable interactions and varying mass terms. Lastly, we will show our vision to scale these ideas to multiple interacting fermions.

  303. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Modification of the nucleon-nucleon potential and nuclear correlations due to the QCD critical point"

    Presented by Juan M. Torres-Rincon, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, February 7, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    The scalar-isoscalar mode of QCD becomes lighter/nearly massless close to the chiral transition/second-order critical point. This mode is the main responsible for the attractive part of the nucleon-nucleon potential at distances of 1-2 fm. Therefore, a long-range strong attraction among nucleons is predicted to develop close to the QCD critical point. Using the Walecka-Serot model for the NN potential we study the effects of the critical mode in a system of nucleons and mesons using a Molecular Dynamics+Langevin equations for the freeze-out conditions of heavy-ion collisions. Beyond mean field, we observe strong nucleon correlations leading to baryon clustering. We propose that light-nuclei formation, together with an enhancement of cumulants of the proton distribution can signal the presence of the QCD critical point.

  304. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Stimulation of quantum phases by time-dependent perturbations"

    Presented by Victor Galitski, University of Maryland

    Thursday, February 7, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    I will review our theory work on dynamic stimulation of various quantum phases. A key idea here is that the equilibrium distribution is rarely optimal for occurrence of a given quantum state and dynamic perturbations can be used to "deform" an electron population in a favorable way in order to enhance quantum coherence. To illustrate this idea, I will show how both Cooper pairing and phase coherence can be dynamically enhanced in both conventional superconductors and bosonic superlfuids. Then, I will discuss dynamic enhancement of high-temperature superconductivity in the cuprates, as it reported in experiments by the Andrea Cavalleri group in Hamburg. It will be shown that an optical pump can suppress charge order and simultaneously enhance superconductivity, due to the inherent competition between the two. In the second part of my talk, I will generalize these ideas to quantum cavities, where the light-matter coupling can be strongly enhanced. In particular, I will discuss the hybridization of cavity photons with collective modes in interacting two-dimensional materials, including the formation of Higgs polaritons and the closest analogue to excitons in a superconductor - Bardasis-Schrieffer modes - hybridized with light.

  305. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Novel Electrochemistry for Fuel Cell Reactions: Efficient Synthesis and New Characterization Methods"

    Presented by Zhixiu Liang

    Wednesday, February 6, 2019, 4:30 pm
    Bldg. 480 Conference Room

    Hosted by: Jing Tao

    The ever increasing consumption of fossil fuels for transportation causes climate change causing a growing concern about their future availability and further adverse environmental effects. To address this issue, the concept of CO2 neutral fuels-based energy cycle was brought out. The key reactions in that concept are electrochemical methanol oxidation (MOR), ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR), and CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR). These all are elctrocatalysis research challenges being slow even at the best catalyst that hamper application of fuel cells, and bring environmental benefits. My research made these improvements of catalysts for the key reactions. In-situ electrochemical infrared reflective absorbance spectrum (EC-IRRAS) reveals that at lower temperature, such reaction is not complete and generates more formate; at elevated temperature, such reaction is complete to carbonate. Ethanol is one of the ideal fuels for fuel cells, but requires highly improved catalysts. Au@PtIr/C catalyst was synthesized with a surfactant-free wet-chemistry approach. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) characterization confirms the monolayer/sub-monolayer Pt-Ir shell, gold core structure. The catalyst has a very high mass activity of 58 A/mg at peak current. In situ EC-IRRAS reveals that C-C bond is cleaved upon contact with the catalyst surface leading to ethanol complete oxidation to CO2. Related researches on methodologies, included in situ TEM to help obtaining catalysts improvements, give morphologic, structural and spectroscopic information at wide range from hundreds of microns to sub-nanometer coupled with various detectors. Microelectromechanical System (MEMS) based chips technology enables TEM observation in operando, with liquid-flow-cell chips and electrochemistry chips designed and fabricated. Ag@Au hollow cubes synthesis via galvanic replacement of Au on Ag cubes was investigated with in situ TEM. The results demonstrate abnormal react

  306. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Probing the Sea Quark Polarization at RHIC/STAR"

    Presented by Jinlong Zhang, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, February 5, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Polarized proton-proton collision experiments at RHIC have provided unique opportunities to study the spin structure of the nucleon. One of the primary motivations of RHIC spin program is to probe sea quark spin-flavor structure via W-boson production in proton-proton collisions at a center of mass energy of 500 GeV. Measurements of the longitudinal single-spin asymmetry, A_L, of W-bosons with the STAR detector have provided significant constraints on the polarized parton distribution functions and especially the first experimental indication of a flavor asymmetry of polarized sea. In this seminar, I will present the analyses and latest results from STAR, as well as their impact on our knowledge of the sea quark helicity distributions.

  307. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Multiparticle States in Lattice QCD and Prospects for Neutrino Physics"

    Presented by Aaron Meyer, BNL

    Friday, February 1, 2019, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Peter Denton

  308. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Sorting out jet quenching in heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Jasmine Brewer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Thursday, January 31, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    We introduce a new "quantile'' analysis strategy to study the modification of jets as they traverse through a droplet of quark-gluon plasma. To date, most jet modification studies have been based on comparing the jet properties measured in heavy-ion collisions to a proton-proton baseline at the same reconstructed jet transverse momentum pT. It is well known, however, that the quenching of jets from their interaction with the medium leads to a migration of jets from higher to lower pT, making it challenging to directly infer the degree and mechanism of jet energy loss. Our proposed quantile matching procedure is inspired by (but not reliant on) the approximate monotonicity of energy loss in the jet pT. In this strategy, jets in heavy-ion collisions ordered by pT are viewed as modified versions of the same number of highest-energy jets in proton-proton collisions. Despite non-monotonic fluctuations in the energy loss, we use an event generator to validate the strong correlation between the pT of the parton that initiates a heavy-ion jet and the pT of the vacuum jet which corresponds to it via the quantile procedure. We demonstrate that this strategy both provides a complementary way to study jet modification and mitigates the effect of pT migration in heavy-ion collisions.

  309. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "What can we learn from cloudy convection in a box? Laboratory meets LES with cloud microphysics"

    Presented by Raymond Shaw, MTU

    Thursday, January 31, 2019, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Fan Yang

    Inspired by early convection-tank experiments (e.g., Deardorff and Willis) and diffusion-chamber experiments, we have developed a cloud chamber that operates on the principle of isobaric mixing within turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection. The "Pi cloud chamber" has a height of 1 m and diameter of 2 m. An attractive aspect of this approach is the ability to make direct comparison to large eddy simulation with detailed cloud microphysics, with well characterized boundary conditions, and statistical stationarity of both turbulence and cloud properties. Highlights of what we have learned are: cloud microphysical and optical properties are representative of those observed in stratocumulus; aerosol number concentration plays a critical role in cloud droplet size dispersion, i.e., dispersion indirect effect; aerosol-cloud interactions can lead to a condition conducive to accelerated cloud collapse; realistic and persistent mixed-phase cloud conditions can be sustained; LES is able to capture the essential features of the turbulent convection and warm-phase cloud microphysical conditions. It is worth considering what more could be learned with a larger-scale cloudy-convection chamber. Turbulence Reynolds numbers and Lagrangian-correlation times would be scaled up, therefore allowing more enhanced role of fluctuations in the condensation-growth process. Larger vertical extent (of order 10 m) would approach typical collision mean free paths, thereby allowing for direct observation of the transition from condensation- to coalescence-growth. In combination with cloudy LES, this would be an opportunity for microphysical model validation, and for synergistic learning from model-measurement comparison under controlled experimental conditions.

  310. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Strongly-correlated systems: Controllable field-theoretical approach"

    Presented by Igor Tupitsyn, University of Massachusetts Amherst

    Tuesday, January 29, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Accurate account for interactions in theoretical models for strongly correlated many-body systems is the key for understanding real materials and one of the major technical challenges of modern physics. To accept this challenge, new and more effective methods, capable of dealing with interacting systems/models in an approximation-free manner, are required. One of such methods is the field-theoretical Diagrammatic Monte Carlo technique (DiagMC). While a conventional Quantum Monte Carlo samples the configuration space of a given model Hamiltonian, the DiagMC samples the configuration space of the model-specific Feynman diagrams and obtains final results with controlled accuracy by accounting for all the relevant diagrammatic orders. In contrast to conventional QMC, it does not suffer from the fermionic sign problem and can be applied to any system with arbitrary dispersion relation and shape of the interaction potential (both doped and undoped). In the first part of my talk I will introduce the technique, based on its bold-line (skeleton) implementation, and benchmark it against known results for the problem of semimetal-insulator transition in suspended graphene. In the second part I will briefly demonstrate its applications to various strongly-correlated systems/problems (stability of the 2d Dirac liquid state against strong long-range Coulomb interaction; interacting Chern insulators; phonons in metals; 1d chain of hydrogen atoms; uniform electron gas (jellium model), optical conductivity, etc).

  311. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Measurements and Calculations of $\hat{q}L$ via transverse momentum broadening in RHIC collisions using di-hadron correlations"

    Presented by Michael Tannenbaum, BNL

    Tuesday, January 29, 2019, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The renewed interest in analyzing RHIC data on di-hadron correlations as probes of final state transverse broadening as shown at Quark Matter 2018 by Miklos Gyulassy citing theoretical calculations compared to experimental measurements which didn't look right on Miklos' figure led me to take a closer look at this issue using published PHENIX data . The measured values of $\hat{q}L$ show the interesting effect of being consistent with zero for values of the associated particle transverse momentum pTa >3 GeV/c. This is shown to be related to the well-known effect of the variable IAA, the ratio of the Au+Au to p+p pTa distributions for a given trigger pTt.

  312. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "High School Science Bowl"

    Saturday, January 26, 2019, 8 am
    Berkner Hall Auditorium

    Hosted by: Amanda Horn

  313. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminar

    "Effective field theory of hydrodynamics"

    Presented by Paolo Glorioso, Kadanoff Center for Theoretical Physics and Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago

    Friday, January 25, 2019, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    I will give an overview of our work on developing an effective field theory of dissipative hydrodynamics. The formulation is based on the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism, which provides a functional approach that naturally includes dissipation and fluctuations. Hydrodynamics is implemented by introducing suitable degrees of freedom and symmetries. I will then discuss two important by-products. First, the second law of thermodynamics, which in the traditional approach is imposed at phenomenological level, is here obtained from a basic symmetry principle together with constraints from unitarity. Second, I will show consistency with unitarity and causality of the hydrodynamic path-integral at all loops, which leads to the first systematic framework to compute hydrodynamic fluctuations.

  314. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Quarkonium production in heavy ion collisions: open quantum system, effective field theory and transport equations"

    Presented by Xiaojun Yao, Duke University

    Thursday, January 24, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 1-224

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    In this talk, I will present a connection between two approaches of studying quarkonium dynamics inside quark-gluon plasma: the open quantum system formalism and the transport equation. I will discuss insights from the perspective of quantum information. I will show that under the weak coupling and Markovian approximations, the Lindblad equation turns to a Boltzmann transport equation after a Wigner transform is applied to the system density matrix. I will demonstrate how the separation of physical scales justifies the approximations, by using effective field theory of QCD. Finally, I will show some phenomenological results based on the derived transport equation.

  315. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "A Roadmap for the Best PMTs and SiPM in Physics Research"

    Presented by Razmik Mirzoyan, Max Planck Institute for Physics, Germany

    Wednesday, January 23, 2019, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    Photomultiplier Tubes (PMT) are the most wide spread detectors for measuring fast and faint light signals. In cooperation with the companies Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. (Japan) and Electron Tubes Enterprises Ltd. (England) we pursued an improvement program for the PMTs for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) project. CTA is the next major Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACT) array for ground-based very high energy gamma-ray astrophysics. A total of ∼100 telescopes of sizes of 23m, 12m and 4m in diameter will be built in northern and southern hemispheres. The manufacturers succeeded producing 1.5′ PMTs of enhanced peak quantum efficiency of ∼38-42 % and after pulsing below 0.02% (threshold ≥ 4 photoelectrons). The novel 1.5′ PMTs have the world-wide best parameters. It is interesting to compare the performance of PMTs with the current generation of SiPMs. In the imaging camera of the MAGIC IACT, consisting of 1039 PMTs, since many months we are operating composite clusters of SiPMs from the three well-known manufacturers. A critical comparison of these two types of sensors will be presented. Prospects for further significant improvements of PMTs and SiPMs will be discussed, also in the frame of the supported by the EU SENSE Roadmap for the best fast light sensors.

  316. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Recent Progress in Non-perturbative methods for QFTs"

    Presented by Lorenzo Vitale, Boston University

    Wednesday, January 23, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Quantum field theories (QFT) are notoriously hard to solve in the strongly coupled regime, and few tools are available in space dimension larger than one. In this talk I discuss recent progress and ideas in characterizing certain QFTs in dimension d >= 1, based on the Hamiltonian Truncation and S-matrix bootstrap techniques. Some of the applications I will mention are Landau-Ginzburg theories and the Chern-Simons-matter theories.

  317. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Exploring the HEP frontier with the Cosmic Microwave Background and 21cm cosmology"

    Presented by Laura Newburgh, Yale University

    Friday, January 18, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Anze Slosar

    Current cosmological measurements have left us with deep questions about our Universe: What caused the expansion of the Universe at the earliest times? How many standard model particles are there? What is the underlying nature of Dark Energy and dark matter? New experiments like CMB-StageIV, Simons Observatory, and CHIME are poised to address these questions through measurements of the polarized Cosmic Microwave Background and 3-dimensional maps of structure. In this talk, I will describe efforts in the community to deploy enormous experiments that are capable of turning CMB measurements into probes of high energy particle physics. I will also discuss how we can broaden the potential science returns by including 21 cm measurements of large scale structure as a new means to probe Dark Energy with experiments like CHIME and HIRAX.

  318. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminar

    "Chiral Vortical Effect For An Arbitrary Spin"

    Presented by Andrey Sadofyev, Los Alamos National Lab

    Friday, January 18, 2019, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Chiral effects attracted significant attention in the literature. Recently, a generalization of chiral vortical effect (CVE) to systems of photons was suggested. In this talk I will discuss the relation of this new transport to the topological phase of photons and show that, in general, CVE can take place in rotating systems of massless particles with any spin.

  319. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "Timing circuits for high-energy physics applications"

    Presented by Jeffrey Prinzie, KU Leuven University, Belgium

    Friday, January 18, 2019, 11 am
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    In the era of complex systems on chip (SoCs), clock and timing generation is required in nearly any application. These timing generators supply clock signals to digital modules, act as heartbeats for serial communication links or provide picosecond accurate reference information to time-interval sensors. Phase Locked Loops are the main building block that provide clock signals. However, in the high-energy physics community, ionizing radiation effects degrade these circuits significantly and produce soft-errors which can disturb an entire system. In this seminar, the application of these timing blocks in the high-energy physics are discussed together with the mitigation techniques for ionizing radiation.

  320. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Proton decay matrix elements on lattice"

    Presented by Mr. Jun-sik Yoo, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, January 17, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    Proton decay is one of possible signatures of baryon number violation, which has to exist to explain the baryon asymmetry and the existence of nuclear matter. Proton decay is one of natural implications of the Grand Unification Theory. After integrating out the high energy degrees of freedom, the baryon number violation operator that mediates proton decay can be found as the composite operator of standard model fields. We discuss the hadronic matrix elements of this BV operator made of three quarks and a lepton. We will start from the current experimental bound of proton lifetime. We present preliminary results of matrix element calculation done with the 2+1 dynamical flavor domain wall fermions at the physical point. We will discuss the proton decay channels that no matrix element has been calculated on the lattice.

  321. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Effect of ion irradiation on the mechanical behavior and microstructural evolution of nanoscale metallic alloys"

    Presented by Gowtham Sriram Jawaharram, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign

    Wednesday, January 16, 2019, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Jing Tao

    Nanostructured alloys are considered as potential candidates for next generation (Generation IV) nuclear reactors because the high densities of interfacial defect sinks present in these materials. The effect of irradiation on the mechanical behavior of such alloys has received limited attention, likely resulting from the experimental challenges associated with performing such experiments. The first part of the talk will report on our recent efforts to perform high temperature irradiation induced creep (IIC) measurements in focused ion beam fabricated FCC alloys (single crystalline Ag nanopillars and nanocrystalline high entropy alloys (HEA) microbeams) by combining in-situ TEM based small-scale mechanical testing with ion irradiation and in-situ laser heating using the in-situ ion irradiation transmission electron microscope (I3TEM) at Sandia National Laboratories. The effect of pillar size, grain size, and temperature on the observed creep mechanism will be discussed. The second part of the talk will focus on the microstructural evolution of model highly immiscible CuW alloys during thermal annealing and high temperature irradiation characterized using high angle annular dark field (HAADF) imaging. The results will be discussed from the context of evolution and spatial distribution of W precipitates and its effect on hardness as a function of irradiation dose and temperature.

  322. Physics Colloquium

    "Liquid Argon Detectors and Readout Electronics: From R&D to Physics Discovery"

    Presented by Hucheng Chen, BNL

    Tuesday, January 15, 2019, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    BNL has a long history of R&D in noble liquid based detectors, from the invention of the first liquid argon (LAr) calorimeter in 1974, to the construction of large liquid argon time projection chambers (LAr TPC) leading to Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) by 2026, in a time span over half a century. Readout electronics has always been an integral part of the detector, in both ATLAS LAr Calorimeter where high precision has played an essential role in the 2012 Higgs discovery, and in LAr TPC based neutrino detectors where cryogenic electronics proved to be an enabling technology. The development of noble liquid based detectors and readout electronics systems at BNL will be presented, focused on integrated detector-readout design, as motivated by our physics interests and experiment requirements, in energy frontier LHC experiments, and in intensity frontier short baseline and long baseline neutrino experiments. As both experiments present challenges in data acquisition, the FELIX based DAQ system for high-bandwidth detector readout developed at BNL, also being adopted in various particle physics experiments worldwide, will be discussed as well.

  323. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Cross section measurements and new physics searches with WZ vector boson scattering events at CMS"

    Presented by Kenneth Long, University of Wisconsin - Madison

    Thursday, January 10, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricolli

    As the standard model (SM) Higgs boson looks increasingly like its SM expectation, expanded tests of the electroweak (EW) sector of the SM are a focal point of the long-term LHC program. Production of massive vector bosons via vector boson scattering provides a direct probe of the self-interactions of the massive vector bosons, which are intimately connected to the Higgs-Englert-Brout mechanism of EW symmetry breaking. A search for vector boson scattering of W and Z bosons has recently been performed by the CMS experiment using data collected in 2016. I will present this search as well as WZ cross section measurements, which are less dependent on theoretical inputs. This process is also sensitive to New Physics in the EW sector. I will present interpretations of these results in terms of explicit models predicting additional charged Higgs bosons and in the generalized framework of dimension-8 effective field theory.

  324. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "A novel background subtraction method for jet studies in heavy ion collisions"

    Presented by Alba Soto Ontoso, BNL

    Thursday, January 10, 2019, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

  325. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Exact Solution and Semiclassical Analysis of BCS-BEC Crossover in One Dimension"

    Presented by Tianhao Ren, Columbia University

    Monday, January 7, 2019, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In this talk, I will introduce a new type of model for two-component systems in one dimension subject to exact solutions by Bethe ansatz. It describes the BCS-BEC crossover in one dimension and its integrability is obtained by fine-tuning the model parameters. The new model has rich many-body physics, where the Fermi momentum for the ground state distribution is constrained to be smaller than a certain value and the zero temperature phase diagram with an external field has a critical field strength for polarization. Also the low energy excitation spectra of the new model present robust features that can be related to solitons at BCS-BEC crossover in one dimension, as shown by the semiclassical analysis.

  326. Particle Physics Seminar

    "DM-Ice17 and COSINE-100 NaI(Tl) Dark Mater Experiment: Testing DAMA's Claim for a Dark Matter Discovery"

    Presented by Jay Hyun Jo, Yale University

    Thursday, January 3, 2019, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Astrophysical observations give overwhelming evidence for the existence of dark matter, yet we do not know what it is. For over 20 years, the DAMA collaboration has asserted that they observe a dark matter-induced annual modulation signal but their observation has yet to be confirmed by an independent measurement. DM-Ice17 is a prototype experiment consisting of 17 kg of NaI(Tl) detectors to test the DAMA's claimed detection of the dark matter annual modulation, which has been continuously operating at the South Pole since 2011. COSINE-100 is a joint experiment between DM-Ice and KIMS collaboration, situated at the Yangyang Underground Laboratory in South Korea. COSINE-100 consists of eight low background NaI(Tl) crystals with a total mass of 106 kg and 2000 liters of liquid scintillator as an active veto, and the physics run of the experiment began in September 2016. The recent results from DM-Ice17 and COSINE-100, including the status of the field, will be presented.

  327. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "Data Acquisition Systems for High-Speed and High-Dynamic Range Pixel Array Detectors"

    Presented by Prafull Purohit, Cornell University

    Friday, December 28, 2018, 10:30 am
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    Pixel array detectors (PADs) have seen significant increase in performance and operational complexity in recent years due to advances in microelectronics technology and photon science needs. These advances in detector technology put equal complexity and performance requirements on the data acquisition and control systems for successful operation. A Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) with its high-speed processing and reconfiguration capabilities can be utilized to meet current requirements and future needs. In this talk, I will present some of the recent work done at Cornell University on FPGA-based data acquisition systems for high-speed, high dynamic range detectors as well as detectors for time resolved experiments.

  328. Particle Physics Seminar (Leona Woods Distinguished Postdoctoral Lectureship Award)

    "Measurement of top quark pair production in association with a Higgs or gauge boson at the LHC with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by María Moreno Llácer, CERN

    Thursday, December 20, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The top quark is unique among the known quarks since it decays before it has an opportunity to form hadronic bound states. This makes measurements of its properties particularly interesting as one can access directly the properties of a bare quark. Given its large mass (the heaviest fundamental particle), the top quark may play a special role in the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism and therefore, new physics related to this might be found first in top quark precision measurements. Possible new physics signals would cause deviations of the top quark couplings from the Standard Model (SM) prediction. It couples to the SM fields through its gauge and Yukawa interactions. The high statistics top quark sample at the LHC has allowed to access the associated production of a top quark pair with a boson: tt+photon, tt+W, tt+Z and tt+H. The latest measurements carried out by the ATLAS detector for these physics processes will be presented, highlighting the main challenges.

  329. Physics Colloquium (Leona Woods Distinguished Postdoctoral Lectureship Award)

    "On top of the top: challenging the Standard Model with precise measurements of top quark properties"

    Presented by María Moreno Llácer, CERN

    Tuesday, December 18, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    The understanding of the Electro-Weak Symmetry Breaking mechanism and the origin of the mass of fundamental particles is one of the most important questions in particle physics today. The top quark is unique among the known quarks since it is the heaviest fundamental particle in the Standard Model. Its large mass makes the top quark very different from all other particles, with a Yukawa coupling to the Higgs boson close to unity. For these reasons, the top quark and the Higgs boson play very special roles in the SM and in many extensions thereof. An accurate knowledge of their properties can bring key information on fundamental interactions at the electroweak breaking scale and beyond. The Large Hadron Collider is providing an enormous dataset of proton-proton collisions at the highest energies ever achieved in a laboratory. With the unprecedentedly large sample of top quarks, a new frontier has opened, the flavour physics of the top quark, allowing to study whether the Higgs field is the unique source of the top quark's mass and whether there are unexpected interactions between the top quark and the Higgs boson. The answers to these questions will shed light on what may lie beyond the Standard Model and can even have cosmological implications.

  330. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Uncovering the interactions behind quantum phenomena"

    Presented by Keith Taddei, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Tuesday, December 18, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson/Mark Dean

    Quantum computing, spintronics and plasmonics are nascent fields with potential to radically change our technological landscape. Fundamental to advancing these technologies is a mastery of quantum materials such as superconductors, quantum-spin-liquids and multiferroics. Ideally, we would know exactly what interactions give rise to these phenomena and design materials suitable for applications however, such an understanding as of yet eludes us. Instead we are stuck digging around in the phase space of known quantum materials slowly uncovering pertinent details to their design, filling in pieces of our incomplete picture. In this presentation, I will discuss recent bits I have found in my use of neutron scattering to study quantum materials. Starting with a novel new family of quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) superconductors (A1,2TM3As3 with A = alkali metal and TM = Cr, Mo) I will present findings of short-range structural order and a proximate magnetic instability which, due the radically different structure, allow for new insights to the pertinence to such orders to superconductivity. Importantly, in these materials the two orders break different symmetries and so their interactions with the superconducting order can be studied independently. Next, I will discuss an interesting yet neglected family of frustrated magnetic materials – the rare-earth pyrogermanates (REPG). We find the Er2Ge2O7 REPG to exhibit 'local-Ising' type magnetism in direct analogy to the spin-ice pyrochlores suggesting effects of local anisotropies and dipole interactions. Finally, I will present ongoing work investigating spin-driven polarization effects in the magnetically and structurally straightforward multiferroic BiCoO3. These results demonstrate the essential role of neutron and x-ray scattering techniques in studying these complex materials and the fruitful opportunities these systems present to advance our understanding of quantum materials.

  331. Physics Colloquium

    "The Science of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) and SNOLAB"

    Presented by Art McDonald, Queens University

    Monday, December 17, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: David Asner

    A description of the science associated with the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, performed with substantial contributions from BNL scientists, and its relation to other neutrino measurements will be given, along with a discussion of the new set of experiments that are at various stages of development or operation at SNOLAB. These experiments will perform measurements of neutrino properties and seek direct detection of Weakly-Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPS) as Dark Matter candidates. Specific examples will include SNO+ (with BNL participation), in which the central element of the SNO detector will now be liquid scintillator with Te dissolved for neutrino-less double beta decay and DEAP-3600 using liquid argon for single phase direct Dark Matter detection. Future directions for Dark Matter detection with liquid argon will also be discussed.

  332. NT/RIKEN Seminar

    "Lattice QCD Input for Fundamental Symmetry Tests"

    Presented by Micheal Wagman, MIT

    Friday, December 14, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Experimental detection of fundamental symmetry violation would provide a clear signal for new physics, but theoretical predictions that can be compared with data are needed in order to interpret experimental results as measurements or constraints of beyond the Standard Model physics parameters. For low-energy experiments involving protons, neutrons, and nuclei, reliable theoretical predictions must include the strong interactions of QCD that confine quarks and gluons. I will discuss experimental searches for neutron-antineutron oscillations that test beyond the Standard Model theories of matter-antimatter asymmetry with low-scale baryon-number violation. Lattice QCD can be used to calculate the neutron-antineutron transition rate using a complete basis of six-quark operators describing neutron-antineutron oscillations in effective field theory, and I will present the first lattice QCD results for neutron-antineutron oscillations using physical quark mass simulations and fully quantified uncertainties. Other experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay and dark matter direct detection use large nuclear targets that are more difficult to simulate in lattice QCD because of an exponentially difficult sign(al-to-noise) problem. I will briefly describe the state-of-the-art for lattice QCD calculations of axial, scalar, and tensor matrix elements relevant to new physics searches with nuclei and outline my ongoing efforts to improve signal-to-noise problems using phase unwrapping.

  333. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Review of the Physics of the Near Detector at DUNE Workshop"

    Presented by Peter Denton, BNL

    Friday, December 14, 2018, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

  334. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Discussion of opportunities related to Quantum Information initiative"

    Presented by Alexei Tsvelik, BNL

    Friday, December 7, 2018, 3 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Alexei Tsvelik will be sharing his thoughts on how we can answer to the DOE initiative on Quantum Information

  335. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "Magnetic skyrmions at room temperature - statics, dynamics, and high resolution imaging"

    Presented by Dr. Felix Buttner, Dept of Mat Sci & Eng , MIT

    Friday, December 7, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    Magnetic skyrmions are the smallest non-trivial entities in magnetism with great potential for data storage applications. These chiral and topological quasi-particles furthermore exhibit fascinating static and dynamical properties that render them the ideal candidates to study new physics in high spin-orbit coupling materials. In this talk, I will first give a general introduction to the field of skyrmionics and the fundamental properties of skyrmions that derive from their energetics. I will then discuss various ways of creating and stabilizing room-temperature skyrmions experimentally, as well as how we can move them and observe their topological dynamics via high resolution time-resolved x-ray imaging. I will conclude with perspectives of future research in this field and related areas.

  336. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The Global Electroweak Fit in the light of the new results from the LHC"

    Presented by Matthias Schott, University of Mainz

    Thursday, December 6, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    With the high integrated luminosities recorded at the LHC and the very good understanding of the LHC detectors, it is possible to measure electroweak observables to the highest precision. In this talk, I review the measurement of the W boson mass as well as the measurement of the electroweak mixing angle with the ATLAS detector, both achieving highest precision after several years of intense effort. Special focus is drawn on a discussion of the modeling uncertainties as well as the physics potential of the latest low-mu runs, recorded at in 2017 and 2018. The results will be interpreted in terms of the overall consistency of the Standard Modell by the global electroweak fit, performed by the Gfitter Collaboration.

  337. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "On QCD and its Phase Diagram from a Functional RG Perspective"

    Presented by Mario Mitter, BNL

    Thursday, December 6, 2018, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

  338. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Laser induces dynamics in complex oxides with visible/NIR and X-ray probe (Note: This will be a skype presentation)"

    Presented by Sergii Parchenko, Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland

    Tuesday, December 4, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson/Mark Dean

    **********Note: This will be a Skype Presentation************ recent achievements in generation of ultrashort and intense light pulses allow observation of the physical process on the ultrafast regime. exploring fundamental physical processes on the time scales of interactions, responsible for them, is the key for future understanding of the physical principles and implementation then to the technological application. with this talk, i'm going to present the study of laser induced dynamics in complex oxides with focus on several physical objects: magnetic exchange interaction, insulator to metal transition and magneto-electric coupling. it will be discussed how the study of laser induced changes with different probing methods could help to understand the microscopic mechanisms of physical processes on the ultrafast time scale.

  339. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "First-principles description of correlated materials with strong spin-orbit coupling: the analytic continuation and branching ratio calculation"

    Presented by Jae-Hoon Sim, Department of Physics, KAIST, Korea, Republic of (South)

    Monday, December 3, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Sangkook Choi

    The DFT+DMFT combined with the continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo (CT-QMC) impurity solver is one of the successful approaches to describe correlated electron materials. However, analytic continuation of the QMC data written in the imaginary frequency to the real axis is a difficult numeric problem mainly due to the ill-conditioned kernel matrix. While the maximum entropy method is one of the most suitable choices to gain information from the noisy input data, its applications to the materials with strong spin-orbit coupling are limited by the non-negative condition of the output spectral function. In the first part of this talk, I will discuss the newly developed methods for analytic continuation problem, the so-called maximum quantum entropy method (MQEM) [1]. It is the extension of the conventional method, introducing quantum relative entropy as a regularization function. The application of the MQEM for a prototype j_eff=1/2 Mott insulator, Sr2IrO4, shows that it provides a reasonable band structure without introducing a material specific base set. I will also introduce the application of machine learning technique to the same problem [2]. In the second part, a simple technique to branching ratio from the first-principles calculation will be discussed [3]. The calculated ?L·S? and branching ratio of the different 5d iridates, namely Sr2IrO4, Sr2MgIrO6, Sr2ScIrO6, and Sr2TiIrO6 are in good agreement with recent experimental data. Its reliability and applicability also be carefully examined in the recent study. [1] J.-H. Sim and M. J. Han, Phys. Rev. B 98, 205102 (2018). [2] H. Yoon, J.-H. Sim, and M. J. Han, Phys. Rev. B (in press). [3] J.-H. Sim, H. Yoon, S. H. Park, and M. J. Han, Phys. Rev. B 94, 115149 (2016).

  340. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Localized-to-itinerant crossovers in Kondo materials"

    Presented by Daniel Mazzone, Brookhaven National Laboratory, NSLS-II

    Monday, December 3, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson/Mark Dean

    While charge carriers in crystalline structures can be located close to the nuclei or establish a delocalized character, they often epitomize strong fluctuations at intermediate regimes where emergent quantum phases show an intricate coupling among various degrees of freedom. Kondo materials are particularly interesting model systems to investigate strongly correlated phenomena, because they often possess small energy scales that are highly susceptible to macroscopic constraints. I will present recent neutron and X-ray scattering results on the series Nd1-xCexCoIn5 and Sm1-xYxS, where the ground state properties were tuned either via chemical substitution or magnetic field. We find that Nd substitution in CeCoIn5 affects the magnetic coupling parameters, triggering a change in the magnetic symmetry that is offset from the emergence of coherent heavy bands and unconventional superconductivity. Intriguingly, another magneto-superconducting phase with altered coupling is observed in Nd0.05Ce0.95CoIn5 at large magnetic fields. Sm1-xYxS features a transition towards an intermediate valence state under yttrium doping. Our results unravel a Kondo-triggered Lifshitz-transition in the mixed-valence state, which dives an unusually strong charge localization at low temperatures.

  341. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminar

    "Novel probes of small-x QCD"

    Presented by Juan Rojo, VU University

    Friday, November 30, 2018, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    The small Bjorken-x regime of QCD is of great interest since a variety of different phenomena are known or expected to emerge, from BFKL small-x effects and non-linear and saturation dynamics to shadowing corrections in heavy nuclei. In this talk we present recent developments in our understanding of perturbative and non-perturbative QCD at small-x: the evidence for BFKL dynamics in the HERA structure function data, the precision determination of collinear PDFs from charm production at LHCb, and the first results on neural-network based fits of nuclear PDFs. We also highlight the remarkable connection between small-x QCD and high-energy astrophysics, in particular for the theoretical predictions of signal and background event rates at neutrino telescopes such as IceCube and KM3NET

  342. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The structure of the proton in the LHC precision era"

    Presented by Juan Rojo, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Nikhef

    Thursday, November 29, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The determination of the partonic structure of the proton is a central component of the precision phenomenology program at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This internal structure of nucleons is quantified in the collinear QCD factorization framework by the Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs), which encode the probability of finding quarks and gluons inside the proton carrying a given amount of its momentum. PDFs cannot currently be computed from first principles, and therefore they need to be determined from experimental data from a variety of hard-scattering cross-sections in lepton-proton and proton-proton collisions. This program, known as the global QCD analysis, involves combining the most PDF-sensitive data and the highest precision QCD and electroweak calculations available within a statistically robust fitting methodology. In this talk I review our current understanding of the quark and gluon structure of the proton, which emphasis for the implications for precision LHC phenomenology and searches for new physics, but also exploring other aspects of the nucleon structure such as their impact on high-energy neutrino telescopes, the connection with lattice QCD calculations, and the onset of novel small-x dynamics beyond the collinear framework. Finally, I highlight the prospects for improving our understanding of the quark/gluon structure of the nucleon at the high-luminosity LHC era.

  343. Physics Colloquium

    "Studying Quantum Matter on Near-Term Quantum Computers"

    Presented by Brian Swingle, University of Maryland and Institute of Advanced Study

    Tuesday, November 27, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    From the point of view of fundamental physics, one of the greatest promises of quantum information science is a new set of quantum computational tools for addressing previously intractable problems. However, at present we find ourselves in an age of embodied quantum information, where the substrate carrying the information cannot yet be abstracted away and effects of noise cannot be neglected. Nevertheless, I will argue that such noisy, intermediate size quantum devices may be useful for addressing open problems in quantum many-body physics, and potentially quantum field theory. Using two case studies, I will show how quantum information is informing our understanding of quantum matter and how near-term quantum computers might realistically help.

  344. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN

    "Casimir effect in Yang-Mills theory"

    Presented by Dimitra Karabali, Lehman College CUNY

    Friday, November 16, 2018, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    We consider the Casimir effect in a gauge-invariant Hamiltonian formulation of nonabelian gauge theories in $(2+1)$ dimensions. We compare our analytical results with recent lattice simulations.

  345. HET Lunch Discussion

    "Lattice and new physics"

    Presented by Amarjit Soni, BNL

    Friday, November 16, 2018, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

  346. PubSci

    "PubSci: Big Bang Physics and the Building Blocks of Matter"

    Thursday, November 15, 2018, 7 pm
    The Snapper Inn 500 Shore Dr, Oakdale, NY 11769

  347. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Exclusive $\rho$ meson production in $eA$ collisions: collinear factorization and the CGC"

    Presented by Renaud Boussarie, BNL

    Thursday, November 15, 2018, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

    We will focus on the theoretical description of exclusive ρ meson production in eA collisions, using a hybrid factorization scheme which involves Balitsky's shockwave description of the Color Glass Condensate in the t channel, and Distribution Amplitudes (DAs) in the s channel. We will first give a quick introduction to the shockwave framework and to collinear factorization up to twist 3 for DAs, then we will apply these framweworks to the production of a longitudinal meson at NLO accuracy, and to the production of a transverse meson at twist 3 accuracy. We will insist on the experimental applications, and on several theoretical questions raised by our results: the dilute BFKL limit at NLO for diffraction, and collinear factorization breaking at twist 3.

  348. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Global models for atmospheric new particle formation from the CERN CLOUD experiment"

    Presented by Hamish Gordon, Leeds

    Thursday, November 15, 2018, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Laura Fierce

    In this seminar I will introduce the CERN CLOUD chamber experiment studying atmospheric new particle formation. I will then focus on work we have done to parameterize new particle formation and growth rates for atmospheric models. I will discuss the implementation of the parameterizations into the models, and the implications of the results from these models for estimated cloud condensation nuclei concentrations and indirect aerosol radiative forcing. The uncertainties in modelling new particle formation remain large, and I will outline how we are moving forward to try to reduce them.

  349. Physics Colloquium

    "From nuts to soup: Recent advances in QCD in the Regge limit and the approach to thermalization in heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Raju Venugopalan, BNL

    Tuesday, November 13, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Twenty five years to date, Larry McLerran and the speaker proposed that the Regge limit of QCD could be described by a many-body classical effective field theory now known as the Color Glass Condensate (CGC). Our radical conjecture was prompted by the phenomenon of gluon saturation, whereby many-body gluodynamics leads to the emergence of a semi-hard scale that screens color in the infrared. In the first part of this talk, we will review developments since in the CGC effective theory, and emphasize a paradigm shift in what constitutes fundamental degrees of freedom in the Regge limit. We shall also outline a color memory effect in the CGC which bears an exact analogy to the gravitational memory effect that could be discovered by LIGO in the near future. This correspondence in turn prompts one to speculate that asymptotic so-called BMS-like symmetries of gravity may also apply in QCD's Regge limit, leading to novel insight into how pions form "soft hair" on glue. In the second part of the talk, we discuss how the CGC provides an ab initio picture of thermalization and hydrodynamics in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. We focus on the discovery of a pre-thermal turbulent attractor, its topological properties, and a remarkable universality between this attractor and cold atomic gases prepared with the same boundary conditions.

  350. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminar

    "Towards laboratory detection of superfluid phases of QCD"

    Presented by Ajit Srivastava, Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar

    Friday, November 9, 2018, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    Exotic phases of QCD exhibiting strong correlations exist at very high baryon density and relatively low temperatures. Examples of such phases range from nucleon superfluid phases expected to occur in the interior of neutron stars, to possible color superconducting phases, which may occur in the core of a neutron stars. Some of these phases may also occur in relativistic heavy ion collisions in the high baryon density regime, e.g. at RHIC (BES), FAIR, and NICA. We discuss the possibilities of detecting them in heavy ion collisions focusing on the universal aspects of associated phase transitions.

  351. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Managing scientific data at the exascale with Rucio"

    Presented by Martin Barisits, CERN

    Thursday, November 8, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Paul Laycock, Eric Lancon

    Rucio is an open source software framework that provides scientific collaborations the functionality to organise, manage, and access their volumes of data. The data can be spread across heterogeneous data centres at widely distributed locations. Rucio has been originally developed to meet the requirements of the high-energy physics experiment ATLAS, and is continuously extended to support the LHC upgrades and more diverse scientific communities. Next to ATLAS, the Xenon1t dark matter search and AMS cosmic ray experiment are also using Rucio in production. The CMS experiment will deploy Rucio by 2019 and operate at a similar scale as ATLAS. Additionally several other experiments such as Belle-2 (B mesons), SKA (radio astronomy), LIGO (gravitational waves), DUNE and IceCube (both neutrino) are currently evaluating Rucio for adoption. This talk will discuss the exascale challenges these scientific experiments face and how Rucio will help to address them. Specifically the possibilities for uncomplicated deployment, easy integration in existing data workflows and the benefit of using the automated services provided by Rucio, will be shown. Also the transition of Rucio from a single-experiment system to an open community project, developed by scientists from multiple experiments, will be presented as well.

  352. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Dirac fermions and critical phenomena: exponents and emergent symmetries"

    Presented by Michael Scherer, University of Cologne, Germany

    Thursday, November 8, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Laura Classen

    Dirac fermions appear as quasi-particle excitations in various condensed-matter systems for example in graphene or as surface states of topological insulators. Close to a quantum phase transition they exhibit a series of exotic properties, e.g., emergent symmetries, fluctuation-induced critical points, the appearance of two length scales and a hierarchy of mass gaps. I discuss mechanisms that are behind these phenomena from a quantum field-theoretical point of view. Further, I present a four-loop renormalization group study for the determination of the Dirac fermions' critical behavior and compare to the predictions of complementary approaches such as quantum Monte Carlo and the conformal bootstrap. Finally, I will also comment on the possibility to test duality conjectures with these calculations.

  353. Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminar

    "Diffractive Electron-Nucleus Scattering and Ancestry in Branching Random Walks"

    Presented by Alfred Mueller, Columbia

    Friday, November 2, 2018, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

  354. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar

    "Materials Tribology: An Application-Driven Field with Rich Opportunities for Fundamental Studies of Surface Chemistry, Physics, Structure"

    Presented by Brandon A. Krick, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Lehigh University

    Friday, November 2, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Rm 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    The significant economic (~3-6% of developed countries GDP) and environmental (several percent of our annual energy consumption) impacts of friction and wear make tribology is an important, application-driven field. However, there is an opportunity and need for inherently fundamental studies on surface chemistry, physics and structure to elucidate fundamental mechanisms for friction and wear. The non-equilibrium and transient nature of shear-induced changes caused by contacting surfaces in relative motion requires both in situ and ex situ advanced characterization techniques; many of these only available at the light source at Brookhaven. A brief overview of shear-induced (sliding friction/wear) alterations of surfaces will be presented for material systems including: - environmental and tribochemistry molybdenum disulphide based coatings for space applications - shear-induced band bending in GaN - mechanochemistry of polymer nanocomposites

  355. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Search of the rare decay of KL→π0νν at J-PARC"

    Presented by Yu-Chen, Tung

    Thursday, November 1, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    J-PARC KOTO is a dedicated experiment to search for the rare KL→π0νν decay. This decay is special not only because of its direct CP violating process, but also its theoretical cleanness. In the standard model, the branching ratio of KL→π0νν is calculated to be 3×10-11 with only a few percent uncertainty, which provides a clean base to explore new physics through finding deviations from the standard model. In the recently released results of data collected in 2015, the sensitivity of search was improved by an order of magnitude from the previous result and no event was observed in the signal region, with the prediction of 0.4 background event. In this talk, I will report the analysis and DAQ plan toward the sensitivity of O(-11).

  356. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "DIS on "Nuclei" using holography"

    Presented by Kiminad Mamo, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, November 1, 2018, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuta Kikuchi

  357. HET Seminar

    "Unveiling New Physics Through Angular Distributions at the LHC"

    Presented by Rodolfo Capdevilla, Notre Dame

    Wednesday, October 31, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Gopolang Mohlabeng

    Angular distributions are commonly used in high precision measurements at colliders. In this talk, we will use the Collins-Soper angular distribution with two goals; to identify the quantum numbers of the mediators in a simplified dark matter model, and to enhance the signal to background ratio of resonance searches in W gamma production at the LHC with the use of the so called Radiation Amplitude Zero.

  358. Physics Colloquium

    "Cosmic Chandlery with Thermonuclear Supernovae"

    Presented by Alan Calder, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, October 30, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Thermonuclear (Type Ia) supernovae are bright stellar explosions distinguished by light curves that can be calibrated to allow for their use as "standard candles" for measuring cosmological distances. Our research investigates how properties of the host galaxy such as composition and age influence properties of the progenitor system, which in turn influence the thermonuclear burning during an event and thus its brightness. I will present the results from ensembles of simulations addressing the influence of age and composition on the brightness of an event. These results show that the outcome depends sensitively on the nuclear burning, particularly weak interactions. Thus precise measurement of the largest possible scales of the Universe requires accurately capturing physics at some of the smallest scales.

  359. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Preparing Physics Software for the Future - the HEP Software Community"

    Presented by Benedikt Hegner, BNL

    Thursday, October 25, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    Particle physics has an ambitious and broad experimental programme for the coming decades. This programme requires large investments in detector hardware, either to build new facilities and experiments, or to upgrade existing ones. Similarly, it requires commensurate investment in the R&D of software to acquire, manage, process, and analyse the shear amounts of data to be recorded. In planning for the High Luminosity LHC in particular, it is critical that all of the collaborating stakeholders agree on the software goals and priorities, and that the efforts complement each other. In this spirit, the High Energy Physics community created a white paper (arXiv:1712.06982) to describe and define the R&D activities required to prepare for this software upgrade. This presentation describes the expected software and computing challenges and the already taken steps to tackle them

  360. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "HL-LHC Crab Cavities and Recent Beam Tests in the SPS Machine"

    Presented by Dr. Rama Calaga, CERN

    Wednesday, October 24, 2018, 4 pm
    Bldg. 911B, Second Floor, Large Conf. Rm., Rm. A2

    The design, development and challenges of the fabrication of the DQW crab cavity cryomodule is outlined. The successful installation and beam tests with protons in the SPS machine are presented along lessons learned and future plans for the HL-LHC series manufacturing.

  361. Physics Colloquium

    "Quest for quark-gluon plasma"

    Presented by Edward Shuryak, SBU

    Tuesday, October 23, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

  362. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Studying out-of-equilibrium Quark-Gluon Plasma with QCD kinetic"

    Presented by Aleksas Mazeliauskas, University of Heidelberg

    Friday, October 19, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Niklas Mueller

    In relativistic heavy nucleus collisions an ultra-dense, high-temperature state of nuclear matter is created with de-confined quarks and gluons. Understanding how the non-equilibrium Quark-Gluon Plasma thermalizes is important in connecting the initial state physics with the emergent hydrodynamic behavior of the QGP at later times. In this talk, I will use weakly coupled QCD kinetic theory with quark and gluon degrees of freedom to study the QGP evolution in the far-from-equilibrium regime, where it exhibits universal scaling, and its approach to thermal and chemical equilibrium.

  363. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Stronger together: combining searches for new heavy resonances"

    Presented by Viviana Cavaliere, Brookhaven National Lab

    Thursday, October 18, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    Many theories beyond the Standard Model predict new s-channel resonances decaying into two bosons (WW,ZZ,WZ,WH,ZH) and possibly leptons (ll, lv). This talk will summarize the recent ATLAS combination of heavy resonances searches which places stringent constraints on the couplings to boson, quarks and leptons taking advantage of the statistical combination of searches in different channels. Prospect for future resonances searches at HL-LHC and HE-LHC will be discussed as well.

  364. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Valence parton distribution function of pion using lattice"

    Presented by Nikhil Karthik, BNL

    Thursday, October 18, 2018, 12 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  365. HET Seminar

    "Flavor Physics in Lattice QCD as a Window into BSM Physics: |Vcb| and the B -> D* l nu Semileptonic Decay"

    Presented by Alejandro Vaquero, University of Utah

    Wednesday, October 17, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Aaron Meyer

    Flavor physics provides a rich variety of phenomena that can be used to probe the SM without requiring the high energies present only in the largest particle accelerators. Among the quantities that could be employed to perform precision test of the SM, the CKM matrix elements takes up a prominent place. This lecture deals with the |V_{cb}| CKM matrix element, whose determinations through inclusive and exclusive decays currently display a 2\sigma discrepancy, and show how lattice QCD methods can reduce the uncertainty in the theoretical estimates and rule out (or not) the existence of unknown physics at play.

  366. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Probing nanostructured materials atom by atom: An ultra-high resolution aberration-corrected electron microscopy study"

    Presented by Dr. Nasim Alem, Penn State University

    Wednesday, October 17, 2018, 10 am
    CFN, Bldg 735, Conference Room B, 2nd Floor

    Hosted by: Chuck Black

    Defects can have a profound effect on the macroscale physical, chemical, and electronic properties of nanostructures. They can lead to structural distortions, introduce extra states in the band gap and give rise to excess potential locally at buried interfaces. While defects and interfaces have been a well-studied subject for decades, little is known about their local atomic and chemical structure, sub-Angstrom structural distortions within their vicinity, and their stability and transition dynamics under extreme conditions. Using ultra-highresolution aberration-corrected S/TEM imaging and spectroscopy, this talk will discuss our recent efforts on the determination of the defect chemistry and sub-Angstrom relaxation effects in nanostructures around dopants, grain boundaries, domain walls, and interfaces in the family of 2D crystals, complex oxides, and diamond carbon nanothreads. In the family of 2D crystal transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) alloys, we show how the formation of chemically ordered states and vacancy/dopant coupling leads to unusual relaxation effects around dopant-vacancy complexes. In addition, we explore stability and transition dynamics of defects leading to grain boundary migration in monolayer TMDs under electron beam irradiation. This talk also presents how ferroelectric polarization emerges at the atomic level across the domain walls in single phase and hybrid complex oxide systems and the impact of this emergence on the macroscale properties. Finally, we uncover the atomic and chemical structure of the carbon nanothreads using low dose high resolution electron microscopy. Bio: Nasim Alem is an assistant professor in the Materials Science and Engineering department at the Penn State University. Nasim received her B.S. degree in Metallurgical Engineering from Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran and her M.S. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute. She received her PhD from the Ma

  367. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Energy dependence of jet quenching signatures in heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by James Brandenburg

    Tuesday, October 16, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    High-pT partons traveling through the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) lose energy due to strong interactions. This effect, called jet-quenching, is attributed to collisional and radiative energy losses as high-pT partons travel through and interact with the dense medium. Over the years jet-quenching has become well established in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. In high-energy A+A collisions, the observation of jet-quenching is considered to be clear evidence of QGP formation. The Beam Energy Scan program at RHIC provided a unique opportunity to study the QCD phase diagram and to search for the turn off of key QGP signatures, such as jet-quenching, at sufficiently low collision energies. The collision energy dependence of jet-quenching effects, quantified through the nuclear modification factor (Rcp) of charged and identified hadrons will be discussed. The limitations of Rcp as an observable will be discussed and compared with a more differential technique for quantifying jet-quenching. Finally, the outlook for improved jet-quenching measurements in the second phase of the RHIC Beam Energy Scan will be presented.

  368. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "In-situ Investigation of Crystallization of a Metallic Glass by Bragg Coherent X-ray Diffraction"

    Presented by Bo Chen, Tongji University, China

    Monday, October 15, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    The crystallization behaviour of metallic glass (MG) has long been investigated ever since the discovery of these important functional materials [1]. Compared with crystalline and amorphous extremes, mate-rials containing crystalline precipitates within an otherwise amorphous MG or partially crystallized ma-terials have distinct properties that could be a way of tuning the materials' characteristics. Several methods including powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and se-lected area electron diffraction (SAED) are usually combined to characterize the degree of crystalline structure in amorphous materials. Until now, these methods, however, have failed to show the crystal-lization of individual crystal grains in three dimensions. In this work, the in-situ Bragg coherent X-ray diffraction imaging (BCDI) [2, 3] reveals the grain growth and the strain variation of individual crystals up to the sizes of a few hundred nanometers from the pure Fe-based MG powder during heating. We have found that there is preferential growth along one direction during the crystal formation; there is fractal structure around the developing crystal surface; there is also strain relaxation within the growing crystals while cooling. The work supports a two-step crystallization model for the Fe-based MG during heating. This could help to pave the way for designing partially crystalline materials with their at-tendant soft magnetic, anti-corrosive and mechanical properties. References [1] D. H. Kim, W. T. Kim, E. S. Park, N. Mattern, and J. Eckert, Prog. Mater. Sci. 2013, 58, 1103. [2] M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder and I. K. Robinson, Nature 2006, 442, 63. [3] I. K. Robinson and R. Harder, Nat. Mater. 2009, 8, 291.

  369. Nuclear Theory/RBRC Seminar

    "Anyonic particle-vortex statistics and the nature of dense quark matte"

    Presented by Srimoyee Sen, University of Arizona

    Friday, October 12, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    We show that Z_3-valued particle-vortex braiding phases are present in high density quark matter. Certain mesonic and baryonic excitations, in the presence of a superfluid vortex, have orbital angular momentum quantized in units of 1/3. Such non-local topological features can distinguish phases whose realizations of global symmetries, as probed by local order parameters, are identical. If Z_3 braiding phases and angular momentum fractionalization are absent in lower density hadronic matter, as is widely expected, then the quark matter and hadronic matter regimes of dense QCD must be separated by at least one phase transition.

  370. NSLS-II Colloquium Series

    "Biophysical Studies of an RNA Virus particle and its Maturation: Insights into an Elegantly Programmed Nano-machine"

    Presented by John E. (Jack) Johnson, Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute

    Thursday, October 11, 2018, 4 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: John Hill

    Nudaurelia Capensis ? Virus (N?V) is a eukaryotic, quasi-equivalent, RNA virus, with a T=4 surface lattice, where maturation is dramatic (a change in particle size of 100Å) and is novel in that it can be investigated in vitro. Here we use X-ray crystallography, biochemistry, Small Angle X-ray Scattering, and electron cryo-microscopy and image reconstruction (CryoEM), to characterize maturation intermediates, an associated auto-catalytic cleavage, the kinetics of morphological change and to demonstrate that regions of N?V subunit folding are maturation-dependent and occur at rates determined by their quasi-equivalent position in the capsid. Matsui, T., Lander, G. C., Khayat, R., and Johnson, J. E. 2010. Subunits fold at position-dependent rates during maturation of a eukaryotic RNA virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:14111-5. Veesler, D., and Johnson, J.E. 2012. Virus Maturation. Annual review of biophysics 41:473-496. Doerschuk, P. C., Gong, Y., Xu, N., Domitrovic, T., and Johnson, J. E. 2016. Virus particle dynamics derived from CryoEM studies. Curr Opin Virol 18:57-63.

  371. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Higgs to beauty quarks"

    Presented by Caterina Vernieri, SLAC

    Thursday, October 11, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The Higgs boson discovery at the LHC marked a historic milestone in the study of fundamental particles and their interactions. Over the last six years, we have begun measuring its properties, which are essential to build a deep understanding of the Higgs sector of the Standard Model and to potentially uncover new phenomena. The Higgs' favored decay mode to beauty (b) quarks (~60%) had so far remained elusive because of the overwhelming background of b-quark production due to strong interactions. Observing the Higgs decay to b-quarks was one of the critical missing pieces of our knowledge of the Higgs sector. Measuring this decay is a fundamental step to confirm the mass generation for fermions and may also provide hints of physics beyond the Standard Model. The CMS observation of the decay of the SM Higgs boson into a pair of b-quarks exploiting an exclusive production mode (VH) is yet another major milestone. This experimental achievement at the LHC, considered nearly impossible in the past, makes use of several advanced machine learning techniques to identify the b-quark distinctive signature, improve the Higgs boson mass resolution, and discriminate the Higgs boson signal from background processes.

  372. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "A Universally Enhanced Light-quarks Yukawa Couplings Paradigm"

    Presented by Shaouly Bar-Shalom, Technion

    Wednesday, October 10, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  373. NSLS-II Friday Seminar

    "Highly Active and Stable Carbon Nanosheets Supported Iron Oxide for Fischer-Tropsch to Olefins Synthesis"

    Presented by Congjun Wang, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA

    Friday, October 5, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Rm 156

    Hosted by: Ignace Jarrige

    Light olefins production utilizes the energy intensive process of steam cracking. Fischer-Tropsch to olefins (FTO) synthesis potentially offers a more sustainable alternative. Here we show a promising FTO catalyst comprised of iron oxide nanoparticles supported on carbon nanosheets (CNS) fabricated from the carbonization of potassium citrate, which incorporates well dispersed K-promoter throughout the CNS support. This catalyst exhibits, to the best of our knowledge, the highest iron time yield of 1790–1990 μmolCO/gFe•s reported in the literature, 41% light olefins selectivity, and over 100 hours stable activity, making it one of the best performing FTO catalysts. Detailed characterization, including synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy, illustrates that the CNS support facilitates iron oxide reduction to metallic iron, leading to efficient transformation to the active iron carbide phase during FTO reaction. Since K is a commonly used promoter, our K-promoted CNS support potentially has broad utility beyond the FTO reactions demonstrated in the current study.

  374. Particle Physics Seminar

    "SB/BNL Joint Cosmo seminar: Weighing Galaxy Clusters with Weak Lensing in Hyper Suprime-Cam Survey"

    Presented by Dr. Elinor Medezinski, Princeton University

    Thursday, October 4, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chi-Ting Chang

    The most fundamental question in observational cosmology today is what is the nature of dark energy and dark matter. Clusters of galaxies serve as beacons to the growth of structure over cosmic scales, making them a sensitive cosmological tool. However, accurately measuring their masses has been notoriously difficult. Weak lensing provides the best direct probe of the cluster mass, both the baryonic and dark components, but it requires high-quality wide-field imaging and careful control of systematics. With its unprecedentedly deep and exquisite seeing, the Subaru Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) survey is an ongoing campaign to observe 1,400 square degrees to r~26, providing the closest precursor to LSST. In this talk, I will present our new field-leading results from the first HSC data release of ~150 square degrees that encompass thousands of clusters. Harnessing our new HSC survey, I measure benchmark weak lensing cluster masses with improved methodology, and reconcile previous tension on cosmological parameters between the SZ and CMB within the Planck survey. In the next decade, LSST and WFIRST will discover hundreds of thousands of galaxy clusters, peering deep to the epoch of formation. I will describe these surveys and the multifold breakthrough science we will achieve in the new era of astronomy.

  375. Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Latest XENON1T results"

    Presented by Qing Lin, Columbia University

    Thursday, October 4, 2018, 1 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Understanding the properties of dark matter particle is a fundamental problem in particle physics and cosmology. The search of dark matter particle scattering off nuclei target using ultra-low background detector is one of the most promising technology to decipher the nature of dark matter. The XENON1T experiment, which is a dual phase detector with ~2.0 tons of xenon running at the Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy, is designed to lead the field of dark matter direct detection. Since November 2016, the XENON1T detector is continuously taking data, with a background rate of more than one order of magnitude lower than any current generation dark matter search experiment. In this talk, I will present the latest results from XENON1T. Details about the XENON1T detector as well as the data analysis techniques will also be covered.

  376. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Exploring the Phase Diagram with Succeptibility Scaling Functions: Epic Voyage or Just Another Bad Trip"

    Presented by Roy A Lacey, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, October 2, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    A major goal of the ongoing experimental programs at RHIC is to chart the QCD phase diagram.Pinpointing the location of the first order phase boundary which terminates at a critical end point (CEP), in the temperature versus baryon chemical potential (T,µB) plane of this phase diagram, is key to this mapping. Finite-Size-Finite-Time succeptibility scaling functions can give crucial insight on these essential landmarks of the phase diagram. I will discuss recent attempts to extract and use such scaling functions to pin down the location of the CEP, as well as the associated critical exponents required to identify its universality class.

  377. Particle Physics Seminar

    "(Somewhat) New ideas in ultralight DM searches:"

    Presented by Babette Döbrich, CERN

    Monday, October 1, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The search for ultra-light Dark Matter particles complements the search for more ``classical'' Dark Matter candidates at the GeV scale in an important fashion. I will review the motivation of the QCD axion, highlighting ongoing established techniques and set-ups and explain in detail a novel technique based on microwave filters (RADES), ongoing at CERN. Finally I will present results of one of the possibly cheapest experiments for ultralight Dark Photon Dark Matter (FUNK) achieving competitive results.

  378. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Neutrinoless double beta decay in effective field theory"

    Presented by Jordy De Vries, UMass Amherst

    Friday, September 28, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Next-generation neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments aim to discover lepton-number violation in order to shed light on the nature of neutrino masses. A non-zero signal would have profound implications by demonstrating the existence of elementary Majorana particles and possibly pointing towards a solution of matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. However, the interpretation of the experimental signal (or lack thereof) requires care. First of all, a single nonzero measurement would indicate lepton-number violation but will not identify the underlying source. Second, complicated hadronic and nuclear input is required to connect the experimental data to a fundamental description of lepton-number violation. In this talk, I will use effective field theories to connect neutrinoless double-beta decay measurements to the fundamental lepton-number-violating source.

  379. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Measurements of the branching fraction and time-dependent CP asymmetries for B0 -> J/psi pi0 decays"

    Presented by Bilas Pal, BNL

    Thursday, September 27, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: David Jaffe

    Measurements of the time-dependent CP asymmetries and branching fraction of B0 -> J/psi pi0 will be discussed. The CP asymmetry parameters for the decay B0 -> J/psi pi0 have previously been measured by BaBar and Belle experiments, but the results of mixing induced CP asymmetry (S) were not in good agreement with each other. Furthermore, the BaBar result lies outside the physically allowed region. Previous Belle measurements were based on 535M BB-bar pairs. We updated the measurements using the final Belle data set of 772M BB-bar pairs.

  380. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Universality and quantum criticality of the one-dimensional spinor Bose gas"

    Thursday, September 27, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    We investigate the universal thermodynamics of the two-component one-dimensional Bose gas with contact interactions in the vicinity of the quantum critical point separating the vacuum and the ferromagnetic liquid regime. We find that the quantum critical region belongs to the universality class of the spin-degenerate impenetrable particle gas which, surprisingly, is very different from the single-component case and identify its boundaries with the peaks of the specific heat. In addition, we show that the compressibility Wilson ratio, which quantifies the relative strength of thermal and quantum fluctuations, serves as a good discriminator of the quantum regimes near the quantum crit- ical point. Remarkably, in the Tonks-Girardeau regime the universal contact develops a pronounced minimum, reflected in a counterintuitive narrowing of the momentum distribution as we increase the temperature. This momentum reconstruction, also present at low and intermediate momenta, signals the transition from the ferromagnetic to the spin-incoherent Luttinger liquid phase and can be detected in current experiments with ultracold atomic gases in optical lattices.

  381. Sustainable Energy Technologies Department

    "Advances in Ultra-High Energy Resolution STEM-EELS"

    Presented by Tracy C. Lovejoy, Nion R&D

    Wednesday, September 26, 2018, 2 pm
    Bldg. 734, Room 201

    Hosted by: Feng Wang

    The capabilities of scanning transmission electron microscopes (STEMs) have advanced very significantly in the last two decades. The first major advance was the successful implementation of electron-optical aberration correction, which allowed the STEMs to reach direct sub-angstrom resolution in 2002 [1]. This improvement made the imaging and spectroscopy of single atoms straightforward. A very recent major development has been the improvement of energy resolution of EELS due to the introduction of a new generation of monochromators and ultra-stable electron spectrometers. The Ultra-High Energy Resolution Monochromated EELS-STEM (U-HERMES™) system developed by Nion combines a dispersing-undispersing ground-potential monochromator [2], a bright cold-field-emission gun, an advanced aberration corrector, and a new EEL spectrometer. The latest version of the system allows 5 meV energy resolution EELS and has achieved 1.07 Å spatial resolution at the sample at 30kV when monochromating, and it greatly extends the capabilities of vibrational spectroscopy in the EM, introduced 4 years ago [3]. U-HERMES™ has so far been used for: damage-free identification of different bonds including hydrogen bonds in guanine [4]; probing atomic vibrations at surfaces and edges of nano-objects with nm-level spatial resolution [5]; achieving sub-nm spatial resolution in images obtained with dark-field EELS vibrational signals [6]; nanoscale mapping of phonon dispersion curves [7]; nanoscale temperature determination by electron energy gain spectroscopy [8]; identification of different isotopes by vibrational spectroscopy in the EM [9]; vibrational spectroscopy of ice; and vibrational fingerprinting of biological molecules.

  382. Physics Colloquium

    "Unraveling the nucleon's mass and spin structure at an Electron-Ion Collider"

    Presented by Yoshitaka Hatta, BNL and Kyoto University

    Tuesday, September 25, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    The US-based Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) is a future high-luminosity, polarized collider dedicated to the physics of the nucleon/nucleus structure. Among the many physics problems that can be addressed at the EIC, I will focus on the origin of the mass and spin of the nucleon, namely, how they can be understood in terms of quarks' and gluons' degrees of freedom. I will give a review of the mass and spin decompositions in QCD and discuss possible experimental observables.

  383. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searches for decays of a Higgs boson into pairs of light (pseudo)scalars with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Ljiljana Morvaj

    Tuesday, September 25, 2018, 10:30 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The branching ratio of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson to non-SM or "exotic" states is currently constrained to be less than 34% at 95% confidence level. This opens possibility to search for new particles in the decays of the Higgs boson. Such searches could provide a unique access to hidden-sector states that are singlets under the SM gauge transformations. A search for decays of the Higgs boson to a pair of new spin–0 particles, H → aa, where the a–bosons decay to a b-quark pair and a muon pair, is presented in this seminar. The analysis uses 36.1 fb−1 of proton-proton collisions data with √s = 13 TeV recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC in 2015 and 2016. No deviation from the Standard Model prediction is observed and limits on Br(H → aa → bbμμ) are set in the a–boson mass range of 20–60 GeV. Searches in other final states, such as four b-quarks (H → aa → 4b) and two jets and two photons (H → aa → ggγγ), are also discussed.

  384. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Status of Pythia 8 for an Electron-Ion Collider"

    Presented by Ilkka Helenius, University of Tubingen

    Friday, September 21, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    Pythia 8 is a general-purpose Monte-Carlo event generator widely used to simulate high-energy proton-proton collisions at the LHC. Recently it has been extended to handle also other collision systems involving lepton and heavy-ion beams. In this seminar I will review the current Pythia 8 capabilities in processes relevant to an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) and discuss about the projected future improvements. The relevant processes can be divided into two regions based on the virtuality of the intermediate photon: deeply inelastic scattering (DIS) at high virtualities and photoproduction at low virtualities. I will begin with an introduction of the event generation steps in Pythia 8 and then briefly discuss how the DIS processes can be simulated. Then I present our photoproduction framework and compare the results to the HERA data for charged-hadron and dijet production in lepton-proton collisions. In particular I discuss about the role of multiparton interactions in photon-proton interactions with resolved photons and how these can be constrained with the existing HERA data. Then I discuss how the same framework can be applied to ultra-peripheral heavy-ion collisions at the LHC where one can study high-energy photon-nucleus interactions in a kinematic region comparable to EIC. Finally I will show our first predictions for dijet production in these events and quantify the contribution of diffractive events according to the hard diffractionmodel that has been recently implemented into Pythia 8.

  385. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The Belle II Experiment"

    Presented by Bryan Fulsom, PNNL

    Thursday, September 20, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: David Jaffe

    The first generation of B-Factories, BaBar and Belle, operated over the previous decade and produced many world-leading measurements related to flavor physics. Their discoveries contributed to the awarding of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics. The Belle II experiment, now underway at the KEK laboratory in Japan, is a substantial upgrade of both the Belle detector and the KEKB accelerator. It aims to collect 50 times more data than existing B-Factory samples. This will provide unprecedented sensitivity to new physics signatures in the flavor sector. This talk will present the upgrade efforts of the Belle II experiment, results from its recent first e+e- collisions, and the future physics opportunities the experiment will provide.

  386. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Multiloop functional renormalization group: Exact flow equations from the self-consistent parquet relations"

    Presented by Fabian Kugler, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen, Germany

    Thursday, September 20, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB 734 Conference Room 201

    Hosted by: Andreas Weichselbaum

    The functional renormalization group (fRG) is a versatile, quantum-field-theoretical formulation of the powerful RG idea and has seen a large number of successful applications. The main limitation of this framework is the truncation of the hierarchy of flow equations, where typically effective three-particle interactions are neglected altogether. From another perspective, the parquet formalism consists of self-consistent many-body relations on the one- and two-particle level and allows for the most elaborate diagrammatic resummations. Here, we unify these approaches by deriving multiloop fRG flow equations from the self-consistent parquet relations [1]. On the one hand, this circumvents the reliance on higher-point vertices within fRG and equips the method with quantitative predictive power [2]. On the other hand, it enables solutions of the parquet equations in previously unaccessible regimes. Using the X-ray-edge singularity as an example, we introduce the formalism and illustrate our findings with numerical results [3]. Finally, we discuss applications to the 2D Hubbard model [4] and the combination of multiloop fRG with the dynamical mean-field theory. [1] F. B. Kugler and J. von Delft, arXiv:1807.02898 (2018) [2] F. B. Kugler and J. von Delft, PRB 97, 035162 (2018) [3] F. B. Kugler and J. von Delft, PRL 120, 057403 (2018) [4] A. Tagliavini, C. Hille, F. B. Kugler, S. Andergassen, A. Toschi, and C. Honerkamp, arXiv:1807:02697 (2018)

  387. Physics Colloquium

    "Potential and Issues for Future Accelerators and Ultimate"

    Presented by Stephen Brooks, BNL

    Tuesday, September 18, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Particle colliders have been remarkably successful tools in particle and nuclear physics. What are the future trends and limitations of accelerators as they currently exist, and are there possible alternative approaches? What would the ultimate collider look like? This talk examines some challenges and possible solutions. Accelerating a single particle rather than a thermal distribution may allow exploration of more controlled interactions without background. Also, cost drivers are possibly the most important limiting factor for large accelerators in the foreseeable future so emerging technologies to reduce cost are highlighted.

  388. Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Flavor physics and CP violation - Recent results from combined BaBar+Belle measurements, ongoing work at LHCb, and prospects for the new physics searches at Belle II"

    Presented by Markus Roehrken, CERN

    Monday, September 17, 2018, 1 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: David Jaffe

    During the 2000s, the BaBar experiment at SLAC (Stanford/USA) and the Belle experiment at KEK (Tsukuba/Japan) performed a very successful flavor physics program. BaBar and Belle discovered CP violation in the B meson system and put tight experimental constraints on the quark-flavor sector of the Standard Model. The excellent experimental confirmation of the theory predictions by BaBar and Belle led to the Nobel Prize in physics for Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa in 2008. Continuing on these efforts, the new high-luminosity accelerator SuperKEKB and the next-generation B factory experiment Belle II recently started operation at KEK in Japan. SuperKEKB is designed to operate at an instantaneous luminosity of 8x10^35/cm^2/s, which is a factor 40 higher than the world record achieved by its predecessor KEKB. The upgraded Belle II detector will collect data samples about two orders of magnitudes larger than those of the BaBar and Belle experiments. In this talk, we introduce to flavor physics and CP violation. We will present recent results of a combined analysis campaign, which for the first time makes simultaneous use of the large final data samples of BaBar and Belle in single physics analyses. The approach provides access to an integrated luminosity of about 1.1 inverse attobarn, and thus allows to perform early Belle II-like measurements. In addition, ongoing work of the speaker at LHCb is reported. At the end of the talk, the prospects for the new physics searches in heavy flavor decays governed by quantum-loop effects at Belle II are briefly discussed.

  389. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Probing the Higgs Yukawa couplings at the LHC"

    Presented by Konstantinos Nikolopoulos

    Thursday, September 13, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The Higgs boson observation by ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the CERN Large Hadron Collider has completed the Standard Model; the culmination of a century of discoveries. Despite the overwhelming success of the Standard Model to-date, the origin of fermion masses through Yukawa couplings to the Higgs doublet is loosely constrained experimentally and offers opportunities for BSM physics contributions. The status of the determination of the Higgs boson Yukawa couplings at the LHC will be presented and the prospects for the future will be discussed.

  390. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Giant photocurrent in asymmetric Weyl semimetals from the helical magnetic effect"

    Presented by Yuta Kikuchi, RBRC

    Thursday, September 13, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  391. Joint BNL/RIKEN HET Seminar

    "Higgs pair production via gluon fusion at NLO QCD"

    Presented by Julien Baglio, Tuebingen U.

    Wednesday, September 12, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

    Since the discovery of a Higgs boson in 2012 at CERN, accessing its properties is one of the main goals of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experimental collaborations. The triple Higgs coupling in particular is a primary target as it would be a direct probe of the shape of the scalar potential at the origin of the electroweak-symmetry-breaking mechanism, and is directly accessed via the production of a pair of Higgs bosons. In this view, it is of utmost importance to reach high precision in the theoretical prediction of Higgs boson pair production cross section at the LHC. I will present in this talk the calculation of the 2-loop QCD corrections to the Higgs-pair-production cross section via gluon fusion, that is the main production mechanism, including the top-quark mass effects in the loops. It will be shown that they can be significant in the Higgs-pair-mass differential distributions.

  392. Nuclear Theory/RBRC Seminar

    "Temperature, Mass, Flavor: Emerging Phase Structure of SU(3) Gauge Theories with Fundamental Quarks"

    Presented by Ivan Horvath, University of Kentucky

    Friday, September 7, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Recently we have outlined the general phase structure of the above relevant theory set, inferred from probing the glue by external Dirac probes. Its novelty and simplicity stems from the conclusion that changes in temperature, mass and number of flavors lead to analogous dynamical effects. In this talk I will review that picture, and introduce an important refinement of it that is currently emerging in the thermal corner of the phase diagram.

  393. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Pair-breaking quantum phase transition in superconducting nanowires"

    Presented by Andrey Rogachev, University of Utah

    Friday, September 7, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ivan Bozovic

    Quantum phase transitions (QPT) between distinct ground states of matter are widespread phenomena, yet there are only a few experimentally accessible systems where the microscopic mechanism of the transition can be tested and understood. In this talk we will report on discovery that a magnetic-field driven quantum phase transition in MoGe superconducting nanowires can be fully explained by the critical theory of pair-breaking transitions characterized by a correlation length exponent v≈1 and dynamic critical exponent z≈ 2. We find that in the quantum critical regime, the electrical conductivity is in agreement with a theoretically predicted scaling function and, moreover, that the theory quantitatively describes the dependence of conductivity on the critical temperature, field magnitude and orientation, nanowire cross-sectional area, and microscopic parameters of the nanowire material. At the critical field, the conductivity follows a T^(d–2)/z dependence predicted by phenomenological scaling theories and more recently obtained within a holographic framework. Our work uncovers the microscopic processes governing the transition: the pair-breaking effect of the magnetic field on interacting Cooper pairs overdamped by their coupling to electronic degrees of freedom. It also reveals the universal character of continuous quantum phase transitions. In the talk we will also briefly comment on reliability of the finite-size scaling analysis, origin of zero-bias anomaly in wires and implication of our finding for QPT in superconducting films.

  394. RIKEN/NT & Quantum Computing Seminar

    "Quantum Uncertainty and Quantum Computation"

    Presented by Ivan Horvath, University of Kentucky

    Thursday, September 6, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    I will discuss the uncertainty in quantum mechanics as a property reflecting the "quantity" (measure) on the set of possible probing outcomes. This is in contrast to the commonly used "spectral distance" (metric). An unexpected insight into the nature of quantum uncertainty (and that of measure) is obtained as a result. One of the motivations for considering measure uncertainty is that it is directly relevant for assessing the efficiency of quantum computation.

  395. Special Particle Phyics Seminar


    Presented by Angelo Di Canto, CERN

    Wednesday, September 5, 2018, 10:30 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

  396. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Neutron production and capture in stellar nucleosynthesis:^{22}Ne(\Alpha,n)^{25}Mg reaction and radiative neutron captures of radioactive nuclei"

    Presented by Shuya Ota, Texas A&M University

    Tuesday, September 4, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    Most of elements heavier than Fe in the Universe are produced by a series of neutron capture reaction and ??-decay in stars. The s-process, which occurs under moderate neutron environments (~107-10 neutrons/cm3) such as in He burning of massive stars, is responsible for producing almost half of the heavy elements. Neutrons for the s-process environment is believed to be supplied by two dominant reactions, one of which is 22Ne(?,n)25Mg reaction. This reaction in massive stars is dominated by a few resonance reactions. Nevertheless, there remain large uncertainties about contribution of the reaction to the s-process nucleosynthesis because the reaction cross sections are too small for direct measurements due to Coulomb barrier (E? = 400-900 keV in the lab system). In the first half of this seminar, I will present our experiment to determine these resonance strengths with a cyclotron accelerator at Texas A&M University. The experiment was performed by an indirect approach using 6Li(22Ne,25Mg+n)d ?-transfer reaction, in which resonance properties such as neutron decay branching ratios of produced 26Mg were studied by measuring deuterons, ?-ray, and 26Mg in coincidence using large arrays of Si and Ge, and a magnetic spectrometer. Our results showed neutron production from 22Ne(?,n)25Mg reaction can be about 10 times lower than past measurements. The effect of our measurements on the s-process nucleosynthesis will be discussed. In the second half of this seminar, I will present our experiments to determine neutron capture cross sections of radioactive nuclei using the Surrogate Reaction method [1]. Neutron capture reactions for the s-process involve relatively long-lived nuclei neighboring stability in the nuclear chart. Therefore, the Surrogate Reaction, which creates the same compound nuclei as the neutron capture reaction using a stable beam and target, can be a useful approach. On the other hand, the r- process, which produces the other half

  397. HET Lunch Discussions

    "Lattice QCD and precision physics from long to short distances: an overview of my 3 years at BNL"

    Presented by Mattia Bruno, BNL

    Friday, August 31, 2018, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-95

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

  398. Special Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Signal-to-noise issues in non-relativistic quantum matter: from entanglement to thermodynamics"

    Presented by Joaquin Drut, University of North Carolina

    Thursday, August 30, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Non-relativistic quantum matter, as realized in ultracold atomic gases, continues to be a remarkably versatile playground for many-body physics. Experimentalists have exquisite control over temperature, density, coupling, and shape of the trapping potential. Additionally, a wide range of properties can be measured: from simple ones like equations of state to more involved ones like the bulk viscosity and entanglement. The latter has received much attention due to its connection to quantum phase transitions, but it has proven extremely difficult to compute: stochastic methods display exponential signal-to-noise issues of a very similar nature as those due to the infamous sign problem affecting finite-density QCD. In this talk, I will present an algorithm that solves the signal-to-noise issue for entanglement, and I will show results for strongly interacting systems in three spatial dimensions that are the first of their kind. I will also present a few recent explorations of the thermodynamics of polarized matter and other cases that usually have a sign problem, using complexified stochastic quantization.

  399. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Probe strong magnetic field in QGP with dielectrons from photon-photon interactions"

    Presented by Zhangbu Xu, BNL

    Tuesday, August 28, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    We presents first measurements of $e^+e^-$ pair production from light-light scattering in non-central heavy ion collisions. The excess yields peak distinctly at low transverse momentum with sqrt() between 40 to 60 MeV/c. The excess yields can be explained only when the photon-photon interactions are included in model calculations. However, the measured pT^2 distributions are significantly broader than model calculation and are different between Au+Au and U+U. Our measurements provide a possible experimental evidence of the existence of strong electromagnetic field. And I will discuss its possible impact on emerging phenomena in hadronic heavy-ion collisions, such as Chiral Magnetic Effect.

  400. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Spinon Confinement and a Longitudinal Mode in One Dimensional Yb2Pt2Pb"

    Presented by Bill Gannon, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    Thursday, August 23, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Abstract: The Yb3+ magnetic moments in Yb2Pt2Pb are seemingly classical, since the large spin-orbit coupling of the 4f-electrons and the crystal electric field dictate a J = +/-7/2 Yb ground state doublet. Surprisingly, the fundamental low energy magnetic excitations in Yb2Pt2Pb are spinons on one dimensional chains, shown to be in good agreement with the behavior expected with the XXZ Hamiltonian for nearly isotropic, S = +/-1/2 magnetic moments. We have performed new high resolution neutron scattering measurements to examine the properties of these excitations in a magnetic field. In fields larger than 0.5 T, the chemical potential closes the gap to the spinon dispersion, modifying the quantum continuum through the formation of a spinon Fermi surface. This leads to the formation of spinon bound states along the chains, coupled to a longitudinally polarized interchain mode at energies below the quantum continuum. The ground state doublet nature of the Yb ions ensures that at all fields, transverse excitations are virtually nonexistent, allowing direct measurement of the mode dispersion.

  401. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Non-abelian symmetries and applications in tensor networks"

    Presented by Andreas Weichselbaum, BNL

    Thursday, August 23, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  402. Nuclear Theory/RBRC Seminar

    "Computation of the shear viscosity in QCD at (almost) next to leading order"

    Presented by Derek Teaney, Stony Brook University

    Friday, August 17, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-38

  403. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Universality in Classical and Quantum Chaos"

    Presented by Masanori Hanada, YITP

    Thursday, August 16, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    We study the chaotic nature of classical and quantum systems. In particular, we will study the detail of the Lyapunov growth. We will show the evidence that the spectrum of Lyapunov exponents admits universal description by Random Matrix Theory, and systems dual to black holes exhibit 'strong' universality.

  404. Physics Colloquium

    "Quantum computing for deuteron"

    Presented by Thomas Papenbrock, University of Tennessee

    Tuesday, August 14, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

  405. Nuclear Theory/RBRC Seminar

    "Electric conductivity of hot and dense quark matter in a magnetic field"

    Presented by Yoshimasa Hidaka, RIKEN

    Friday, August 10, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

  406. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Advances in high energy electron holography"

    Presented by Dr. Toshiaki Tanigaki, Hitachi, Japan

    Friday, August 10, 2018, 1:30 pm
    Conference room in building 480

    Hosted by: MG Han

    Advances in High-Voltage Electron Holography T. Tanigaki Research & Development Group, Hitachi, Ltd. Email: Electron holography can observe electromagnetic field inside materials and devices at high-resolution around atomic scale. The high penetration power of a high energy electron wave is crucial to observing magnetic structures, which exist only in thick samples. It is particularly crucial in three-dimensional (3D) observations, which require a series of sample observations with the sample increasingly tilted so that the projected sample thickness increases with the tilt angle. As an example of this, magnetic vortex cores confined in stacked ferromagnetic (Fe) discs were observed three-dimensionally by using vector-field electron tomography with a 1.0 MV holography electron microscope [1]. To invent new functional materials and devices for establishing a sustainable society, methods for controlling atomic arrangements in small areas such as interfaces have become important [2,3]. Electron holography is a powerful tool for analyzing the origins of functions by observing electromagnetic fields and strains at high resolutions. The advantages of high-voltage electron holography are high resolution and penetration power due to high energy electron waves. The quest for finding the ultimate resolution through continuous improvements on holography electron microscopes led to the development of an aberration corrected 1.2 MV holography electron microscope [4,5] (Figure 1). We describe recent results obtained by using the high-voltage electron holography. Spatial resolution of 1.2 MV holography electron microscope reached 0.043 nm at high-resolutions, when the sample was placed in a high magnetic field of the objective lens [4]. Under the observation conditions, in which the sample was placed in a field-free position for observing a magnetic field, the spatial res

  407. Special HET Seminar

    "Searching for physics beyond the Standard Model at the Intensity Frontier"

    Presented by Martin Hoferichter, University of Washington

    Thursday, August 9, 2018, 1:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  408. Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Deep Neural Network Techniques R&D for Data Reconstruction of Liquid Argon TPC Detectors"

    Presented by Kazuhiro Terao, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

    Tuesday, August 7, 2018, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LArTPCs) are capable of recording images of charged particle tracks with breathtaking resolution. Such detailed information will allow LArTPCs to perform accurate particle identification and calorimetry, making it the detector of choice for many current and future neutrino experiments. However, analyzing such images can be challenging, requiring the development of many algorithms to identify and assemble features of the events in order to reconstruct neutrino interactions. In the recent years, we have been investigating a new approach using deep neural networks (DNNs), a modern solution to a pattern recognition for image-like data in the field of Computer Vision. A modern DNN can be applied for various types of problems such as data reconstruction tasks including interaction vertex finding, pixel clustering, and particle/topology type identification. We have developed a small inter-experiment collaboration to share generic software tools and algorithms development effort that can be applied to non-LArTPC imaging detectors. In this talk I will discuss the challenges of LArTPC data reconstruction, recent work and future plans for developing a full LArTPC data reconstruction chain using DNNs.

  409. Summer Sundays

    "Atom Smashing Fun with the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider"

    Sunday, August 5, 2018, 10 am
    Berkner Hall, Room B

  410. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Significant Excess of Electron-Like Events in the MiniBooNE Short-Baseline Neutrino Experiment"

    Presented by William Louis, Los Alamos National Lab

    Thursday, August 2, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The MiniBooNE experiment at Fermilab observes a total electron-neutrino event excess in both neutrino and antineutrino running modes of 460.5 +- 95.8 events (4.8 sigma) in the energy range from 200-1250 MeV. The MiniBooNE L/E distribution and the allowed region from a two-neutrino oscillation fit to the data are consistent with the L/E distribution and allowed region reported by the LSND experiment. All of the major backgrounds are constrained by in-situ event measurements, so non-oscillation explanations would need to invoke new anomalous background processes. Although the data are fit with a two-neutrino oscillation model, other models may provide better fits to the data. The MiniBooNE event excess will be further studied by the Fermilab short-baseline neutrino (SBN) program.

  411. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Nucleon isovector axial charge in 2+1-flavor domain-wall QCD with physical mass"

    Presented by Shigemi Ohta, IPNS, KEK

    Thursday, August 2, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

  412. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Imaging Non-equilibrium Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Materials"

    Presented by Kenneth Beyerlein, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Germany

    Wednesday, August 1, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    The interfaces in thin film heterostructures dictate the performance of an electronic device. Understanding their behavior upon exposure to light is important for advancing photovoltaics and spintronics. However, producing an atomic image of these dynamics is an under-determined problem without a unique solution. In this talk, I will show how a set of ultrafast soft X-ray diffraction rocking curves can be spliced together to add constraints to the phase retrieval problem. In doing so, the anti-ferromagnetic order through a NdNiO3 film after illumination of the substrate with a mid-Infrared laser pulse will be imaged. Notably, a disordered phase front initiated at the substrate interface is shown to evolve at twice the speed of sound. This time-spliced imaging technique opens a new window into the correlated dynamics of two-dimensional materials.

  413. Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark Matter Annual Modulation with SABRE"

    Presented by Lindsey Bignell, Australian National University

    Tuesday, July 31, 2018, 1:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: David Jaffe

    SABRE is a dark matter direct detection experiment with a target of ultra-pure NaI(Tl). Our experiment is motivated by the DAMA result; a long-standing and highly statistically significant modulation of the count rate in their NaI(Tl) detector that is consistent with that expected from the dark matter halo. However, a number of other direct detection experiments, using different target materials, exclude the dark matter parameter space implied by DAMA for the simplest WIMP-nucleus interaction models. SABRE hopes to carry out the first model-independent test of the DAMA claim, with sufficient sensitivity to confirm or refute their result. SABRE will also operate identical detectors in the northern and southern hemisphere, to rule out seasonally-modulated backgrounds. The southern detector will be housed at the first deep underground laboratory in the Southern Hemisphere: the Stawell Underground Physics Laboratory. This talk will give an overview of the SABRE design and its predicted sensitivity, as well as an update on the proof-of-principle detector which will be operating this summer.

  414. Sambamurti Lecture

    "Capturing the Inner Beauty of the Quark Gluon Plasma"

    Presented by Jin Huang, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Friday, July 27, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: John Haggerty

    The Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) filled the universe in the first microsecond after the Big Bang and today is routinely recreated in high energy nuclear collisions at RHIC and the LHC. While experiments have revealed an array of surprising QGP properties, such as perfect fluidity, extreme vorticity, and near total opaqueness to hard scattered quarks and gluons, the detailed physics that gives rise to these properties remains a focus of forefront research. Heavy quarks, particularly the very heavy beauty quark, provide the means to clarify the connection between the microscopic physics of the QGP and its larger scale properties. Beauty quarks – or b-quarks – are produced rarely in collisions at RHIC, and the planned sPHENIX experiment will be equipped with a high rate vertex tracker enabling precision measurements of b-quark observables, such as B-meson suppression and flow, the differential suppression of Upsilon states and a number of observables related to b-quark jets. These b-quark probes will provide crucial information about the microscopic description of QGP at RHIC energies. In this talk, I will explain b-quark physics in the QGP, current measurements, the program at the planned sPHENIX experiment and its relevance to the future Electron Ion Collider.

  415. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Jets as a probe of transverse spin physics"

    Presented by Zhongbo Kang, UCLA

    Friday, July 27, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Jets are collimated spray of hadrons that are naturally produced in high energy colliders. They are powerful probes of many different aspects of QCD dynamics. In this talk, we will demonstrate how to use jets to explore the transverse momentum dependent (TMD) physics. A novel TMD framework to deal with back-to-back two particle correlations is presented, with which we could study the Sivers asymmetry for photon+jet or dijet production in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions. At the end of the talk, we also show how jet substructure could be used to explore the TMD fragmentation functions. We expect these studies to have important applications at RHIC in the future.

  416. Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Medium Modification of Jet Substructure in the Opacity Expansion"

    Presented by Matthew Sievert, Los Alamos

    Friday, July 27, 2018, 11 am
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Yacine Mehtar-Tani

    The modification of jets and their substructure in the presence of quark-gluon matter, beyond solely the quenching of their production, is a cornerstone of jet tomography. Although the nature of different nuclear environments can vary widely, the manner in which an external potential leads to a modification of jets and their substructure is universal and applies to both hot and cold nuclear matter. An order-by-order calculation of the medium modifications is possible on the basis of the opacity expansion, a series which can be truncated at finite order if the average number of scatterings in the quark-gluon matter is not too large. Other methods exist which can resum the full opacity series into a path integral formalism that remains applicable at very high opacities. In this talk, I will present a new calculation in the opacity expansion approach which computes the gluon substructure of a quark jet with exact kinematics at second order in opacity. I will also derive a set of recursion relations which can be used to construct higher orders terms in the opacity expansion to any finite order. And finally, I will compare this approach to the resumed path integral formalism, discussing the strengths and weaknesses of both methods and opportunities to study their overlap.

  417. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Atomic level structural characterization of materials by electron microscopy"

    Presented by Shize Yang, Center for Functional Nanomaterials

    Thursday, July 26, 2018, 4 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    In recent years, with the development of technologies, electron microscopy techniques have been widely developed. Important advancement has been achieved on in-situ electron microscopy, cryogenic electron microscopy, electron tomography, advanced electron energy loss spectroscopy etc. In this talk I will briefly introduce and show how those techniques provide a vital role in the structural characterization of 2D materials, catalysts and battery materials.

  418. Physics Summer School

    "Working with High-Performance Astronomical CCD"

    Presented by Andrei Nomerotski, BNL

    Thursday, July 26, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  419. Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Jet fragmentation in a QCD plasma: Universal quark/gluon ratio and wave turbulence"

    Presented by Soeren Schlichting, University of Washington

    Thursday, July 26, 2018, 11 am
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Yacine Mehtar-Tani

    We investigate the radiative break-up of a highly energetic quark or gluon in a high-temperature QCD plasma. Within an inertial range of momenta T

  420. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Tale of coherent photon products: from UPC to HHIC"

    Presented by Wangmei Zha, University of Science and Technology of China

    Tuesday, July 24, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

  421. Physics Summer School

    "Silicon detectors"

    Presented by Gabriele Giacomini

    Thursday, July 19, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  422. RIKEN Lunch Seminar/Special Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Neutrino Scattering on Quantum Computers"

    Presented by Alessandro Roggero, University of Washington

    Thursday, July 19, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

  423. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Invariant and insensitive: climate model microphysics as a scaling problem"

    Presented by Mikael Witte, National Center for Atmospheric Research

    Thursday, July 19, 2018, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Yangang Liu

    Clouds are inherently multiscale phenomena: the particles that make up clouds are typically microns to millimeters, while the large-scale circulations that drive cloud systems can be hundreds of kilometers across. Limited computational power and the need to accurately represent the large-scale circulations in numerical simulations of the atmosphere make explicit inclusion of cloud microphysics a practical impossibility. In the last 20 years there has been a shift toward representing microphysics as scale-aware processes. Despite this shift, many unanswered questions remain regarding the scaling characteristics of microphysical fields and how best to incorporate that information into parameterizations. In this talk, I will present results from analysis of high frequency in situ aircraft measurements of marine stratocumulus taken over the southeastern Pacific Ocean aboard the NCAR/NSF C-130 during VOCALS-REx. First, I will show that cloud and rain water have distinct scaling properties, indicating that there is a statistically and potentially physically significant difference in the spatial structure of the two fields. Covariance of cloud and rain is a strong function of length/grid scale and this information can easily be incorporated in large-scale model parameterizations. Next I will show results from multifractal analysis of cloud and rain water to understand the spatial structure of these fields, the results of which provide a framework for development of a scale-insensitive microphysics parameterization. Finally, I compare observed microphysical scaling properties with those inferred from large eddy simulations of drizzling stratocumulus, applying the same analyses as applied to the aircraft observations. We find that simulated cloud water agrees well with the observations but the drizzle field is substantially smoother than observed, which has implications for the ability of limited-area models to adequately reproduce the spatial structure o

  424. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Mechanism of strange metal and strange metal state near a heavy fermion quantum critical point"

    Presented by Chung-Hou Chung, Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan

    Wednesday, July 18, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Strange metal (SM) behaviors with non-Fermi liquid (NFL) properties, generic features of heavy fermion systems near quantum phase transitions, are yet to be understood microscopically. A paradigmatic example is the magnetic field-tuned quantum critical heavy fermion metal YbRh2Si2 (YRS), revealing a possible SM state over a finite range of fields at low temperatures when substituted with Ge. Above a critical field, the SM state gives way to a heavy Fermi liquid with Kondo correlation. The NFL behavior shows most notably a linear-in-temperature electrical resistivity and a logarithmic-in-temperature followed by a power-law-in-temperature in the specific heat coefficient at low temperatures [1]. We propose a mechanism to explain it: a quasi-2d fluctuating anti-ferromagnetic short-range resonating-valence-bond (RVB) spin-liquid competing with the Kondo correlation (Fig. 1) [2]. Applying renormalization group analysis on an effective field theory beyond a large-N approach to an antiferromagnetic Kondo-Heisenberg model, we identify the critical point, and explain remarkably well the SM behavior. Our theory goes beyond the well-established framework of quantum phase transitions and serves as a new basis to address open issues of the non-Fermi liquid behavior in quantum critical heavy-fermion compounds, such as: the strange superconductivity observed in the "115" family CeMIn5 (M=Co, Rh)[3]. References: [1] J. Custers et al., Nature 424, 524 (2003); J. Custers et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 186402 (2010). [2] Yung-Yeh Chang, Silke Paschen, and Chung-Hou Chung, Phys. Rev. B 97, 035156 (2018). [3] Y. Y. Chang,, F. Hsu, S. Kirchner, C. Y. Mou, T. K. Lee and C. H. Chung (un-published).

  425. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "Coherent THz Radiation from Plasma Oscillation Driven by Laser Pulses"

    Presented by Dr. Min Sup Hur, Physics Department - UNIST Korea

    Tuesday, July 17, 2018, 4 pm
    Bldg. 911B, 2nd floor - Large Conference Room

    Hosted by: Dr. Bingping Xiao

    Plasma, a gas of electric charges, exhibits a fundamental oscillating behavior, the plasma oscillation. Similar to the classical harmonic oscillator, but charged, the plasma oscillation is potentially an outstanding source of coherent, monochromatic radiation with high intensity and high frequency. However, harnessing the plasma oscillation and taking the radiation out of it are never trivial problems. In this presentation, I introduce one novel method to generate an isolated plasma dipole oscillation by colliding laser pulses in a plasma, eventually to obtain a quasi-narrowband, powerful THz emission. The conceptual connection of the idea to the astrophysical plasma emission is also addressed.

  426. Physics Summer School

    "Physics Summer School: Introduction to Statistics for Particle Physics"

    Presented by Xin Qian, Brookhaven Lab

    Tuesday, July 17, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai & Anze Slosar

  427. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Confronting hydrodynamic predictions with Xe-Xe heavy-ion collision data"

    Presented by Matt Luzum, Univeristy of Sao Paulo

    Friday, July 13, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Comparing collision systems of different size, at near the same collision energy, offers us the opportunity to probe the scaling behavior and therefore the nature of the system itself. Recently, we made predictions for Xe-Xe collisions at 5.44 TeV using viscous hydrodynamic simulations, noting that the scaling from the larger Pb-Pb system is rather generic, and arguing that robust predictions can be made that do not depend on details of the model. Here we confront our predictions with measurements that were subsequently made in a short Xe-Xe run at the LHC by the ALICE, ATLAS, and CMS collaborations. We find that the predictions are largely confirmed, with small discrepancies that could point the way to a better understanding of the medium created in such collisions.

  428. Physics Summer School

    "Intro to neutrino physics"

    Presented by Mary Bishai, BNL

    Thursday, July 12, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  429. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Topological structures in finite temperature QCD"

    Presented by Rasmus Larsen, BNL

    Thursday, July 12, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

    We report our study on the properties of the topological structures present in the QCD medium. We use dynamical domain wall fermion configurations on lattices of size 32^3x8 and detect the topological structures through the zero modes of the overlap operator. We explicitly show that the properties of the zero modes of the QCD Dirac operator agrees well with that of calorons with non-trivial holonomy. Different profiles of the zero modes are observed, ranging from solutions that are localized in all four spacetime dimensions, to profiles that are localized in the spatial directions, and constant along the temporal extent of the lattice. This indicates towards the presence of instanton-dyons in the hot QCD medium around Tc, where the distance between dyons control the shape and extent of the zero modes.

  430. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Electron-microscopy-guided designing of ferroelectric materials for nonvolatile memories and multifunctional nanodevices"

    Presented by Linze Li, University of California @ Irvine

    Thursday, July 12, 2018, 11 am
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    As a prototypical example of functional oxides, ferroelectric materials have been utilized in a broad range of electronic, optical, and electromechanical applications and hold the promise for the design of future high-density nonvolatile memories and multifunctional nanodevices. The utilities of ferroelectrics are derived from the structures and switching of ferroelectric domains, or from their coupling to other material functionalities. In recent years, advanced imaging techniques based on aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have become powerful methods to characterize ferroelectric oxides, allowing nanoscale polarization states to be unambiguously determined with sub-Angstrom resolution, and allowing domain switching processes to be directly resolved in real time. In this presentation I will show several examples of applying advanced STEM or TEM-based techniques to the study of the static and dynamic properties of domains and domain walls in ferroelectric and multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films. Atomic structures and electrical switching behaviors of charged domain walls have been observed. A strong interaction between the ferroelectric polarization and nanoscale impurity defects has been discovered, and a new route to the production of exotic polarization states by utilizing such interaction has been proposed and established. These findings open up the possibility for the designing of novel ferroelectric materials and multifunctional devices with nanoscale structural defects or charged domain walls as essential components.

  431. Physics Summer School

    "Introduction to flavor physics"

    Presented by Bilas Pal, BNL

    Tuesday, July 10, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  432. Joint Nuclear Physics and High Energy Physics Seminar

    "Parity-Violating and Parity-Conserving Asymmetries in ep and eN Scattering in the Qweak Experiment"

    Presented by Wouter Deconinck, College of William & Mary

    Tuesday, July 10, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The Standard Model provides the current best description of fundamental particles and forces, but among other limitations it fails to account for dark matter which could manifest itself as more massive particles. Precision measurements of well predicted observables in the Standard Model allow for highly targeted tests for physics beyond the Standard Model. The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab has made the first precise determination of the weak charge of the proton in elastic scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from unpolarized protons. To achieve the required precision to measure the small parity-violating asymmetry of -226.5 ± 9.3 parts per billion, we directed a high current polarized electron beam on a liquid hydrogen target and integrated scattered events in eight azimuthally symmetric fused silica Cerenkov detectors. We find a value for the weak charge of proton of 0.0719 ± 0.0045, in agreement with predictions of the Standard Model. This result rules out leptoquark masses below 2.3 TeV and excludes generic new semi-leptonic parity-violation physics beyond the Standard Model below 3.5 TeV. To correct for the contributions from background processes, we conducted several additional parity-violating and parity-conserving asymmetry measurements with different kinematics (elastic and through the production of a Delta resonance), polarization (longitudinal and transverse), and targets (protons, electrons, aluminum, and carbon). I will discuss the results of the main experiment and highlight several ancillary results of interest to experiments at future facilities.

  433. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "High School Research Program Begins"

    Monday, July 9, 2018, 8 am
    Berkner Hall Auditorium

    Hosted by: Aleida Perez

  434. Physics Summer School


    Thursday, July 5, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  435. Physics Summer School

    "Cosmology with Ground-Based Optical Surveys"

    Presented by Erin Sheldon, BNL

    Tuesday, July 3, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  436. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Room-temperature magnetic spiral order induced by disorder"

    Presented by Christopher Mudry, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland

    Monday, July 2, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Upon cooling, the compound YBaCuFeO5 undergoes a phase transition to an antiferromagnetic long-range ordered phase. Upon further cooling, a second phase transition to a magnetic spiral phase takes place. The latter transition temperature depends on the sample preparation and can reach room temperature. We propose a mechanism to explain the transition to a magnetic spiral ordered phase due to frustrating magnetic interactions that are introduced randomly along a single crystallographic direction as caused by a particular type of chemical disorder. This mechanism could open the way to high-temperature multiferroism.

  437. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Series

    "Investigating slow kinetic processes using synchrotron radiation: A case study of cement hydration in nuclear waste cements"

    Presented by Claire L. Corkhill, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

    Friday, June 29, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: M. Abeykoon, S. Chodankar, B. Ocko, J. Thieme, G. Wang

  438. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First results from PROSPECT: The Precision Reactor Oscillation & Spectrum experiment"

    Presented by David Jaffe, BNL

    Thursday, June 28, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    PROSPECT is a short-baseline reactor antineutrino experiment designed to search for eV-scale sterile neutrino oscillations and measure the 235U antineutrino energy spectrum from the High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Deployed in early 2018, the 4ton, segmented, 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator detector began commissioning in March of this year. The detector consists of 154 segments that span a baseline of 7-9m from the compact highly enriched uranium core, enabling coverage of a wide range of oscillation parameter space. Full-scale prototypes have demonstrated excellent energy resolution and pulse-shape discrimination that will reject cosmogenic backgrounds and produce an unparalleled measurement of the 235U antineutrino spectrum. The first results of PROSPECT on sterile neutrino oscillations will be presented.

  439. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Imaging of Local Structure and Dynamics in Hard and Soft Condensed Matter Systems"

    Presented by Dmitry Karpov, New Mexico State University

    Friday, June 22, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    With advancement of coherent probes there is a shift from integral studies to highly localized studies in either spatial or temporal domains. Nanostructures and low dimensional phenomena, correlated fluctuations and associated transitions directly benefit from new instrumental capabilities. Studies of ferroelectric and magnetic materials and of their local behavior allow both to test fundamental physics concepts and provide access to technologies with direct practical applications. Topological phase transitions and topological defects are among the topics that are actively pursued in modern materials science. In recent study [1] conducted by our group we were able to visualize three-dimensional topological vortex structure in a volume of individual ferroelectric nanoparticle of barium titanate under external electric field using Bragg coherent diffractive imaging technique. Among other things we observed: (i) electric field induced structural transition from mixture of tetragonal and monoclinic phases to dominant monoclinic phase; (ii) controllable switching of vortex chirality; (iii) vortex mediated behavior of the nano-domains in the particle; (iv) and that the core of the vortex in the volume behaves as a nanorod of zero ferroelectric polarization which can be rotated by external electric field and can serve as a conducting channel for charge carriers. These findings can be used in the design of novel nanoelectronics devices and for creating artificial states of matter. Better understanding of the materials behavior at the nanoscale requires ways of probing anisotropies of the refractive index. Using polarized laser light, we've developed a method [2] termed birefringent coherent diffractive imaging that allows to extract projections of dielectric permittivity tensor in nematic liquid crystal. Further expanding this tool into full-vectorial mode shows that the method can be applied for imaging of magnetic domains, cellular structures, and ot

  440. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Theories of transport scaling in disordered semimetals and topological spin-nematic excitonic insulators in graphite under high magnetic field"

    Presented by Ryuichi Shindo, Peking University, China

    Thursday, June 21, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In the first part of my talk, I will talk about transport scaling theories in disordered Weyl semimetal [1,2]. In electronic band structure of solid state material, two band touching points with linear dispersion (called as `Weyl node') appear in pair in the momentum space. When they annihilate with each other, the system undergoes a quantum phase transition from Weyl semimetal (WSM) phase to a band insulator (BI) phase. The continuous phase transition is recently discovered in solid state materials [3]. The phase transition is described by a critical theory with a `magnetic dipole' like object in the momentum space. The critical theory hosts a disorder-driven quantum multicritical point, which is encompassed by three quantum phases, WSM phase, BI phase, and diffusive metal (DM) phase. Based on the renormalization group argument, we clarify transport scaling properties around the Weyl node at the quantum multicritical point as well as all phase boundaries among these three phases [1,2]. In the second part of my talk, I will argue that three-dimensional topological excitonic insulator is realized in graphite under high magnetic field [4,5]. Graphite under high magnetic field exhibits consecutive metal-insulator (MI) transitions as well as re-entrant insulator-metal (IM) transition at low temperature. We explain these enigmatic insulator phases as manifestation of excitonic insulator phases with spin nematic orderings ("SNEI" phases). Especially, we explain unusual field-dependences of in-plane resistivity in the graphite experiment by surface transports via 2+1 massless surface Dirac fermion in one of the SNEI phases [4,5]. [1], under review [2], selected as PRB editors' suggestion [3] Tian Liang,, Science Advances, 3, e1602510 (2017) [4], under review [5] in preparation &

  441. Physics Summer School

    "Physics Summer School: Why we need physics beyond the Standard Model"

    Presented by Hooman Davoudiasl, BNL

    Thursday, June 21, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  442. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Fermi-Surface Reconstruction in Nd-doped CeCoIn5"

    Presented by Elizabeth Green, Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    Thursday, June 21, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Heavy fermion compounds are well known to exhibit novel properties when exposed to high magnetic fields. Most notably CeCoIn5 exhibits a field-induced superconducting state at high magnetic fields known as the Qphase. Recent neutron scattering measurements show a similar Q-vector for the 5% Nd-doped CeCoIn5 at zero applied magnetic field [1] which has initiated intense theoretical and experimental work on this doping series. In this talk I will present de Haas-van Alphen effect measurements which indicate a drastic Fermi-surface reconstruction occurs between 2 and 5% Nd-doping levels. The cylindrical Fermi surface, believed to play a crucial role in superconductivity in these materials, develops a quasi-three-dimensional topology with increased doping levels thus reducing the likelihood of an enhanced nesting scenario, previously given as a possible explanation for the Q-phase. However, effective masses remain relatively unchanged up to 10% Nd indicating the crossing of a spin density wave type of quantum critical point. In addition, I will present evidence that by substituting Ce with Nd the electronic pairing potential may be altered. These results help elucidate the reasoning for the emergence of the Q-phase seen in the 5% Nd sample and may be relevant to other heavy fermion compounds. [1] S. Raymond et al., JPSJ 83, 013707 (2014).

  443. Physics Colloquium

    "Subatomic Swirls and Massive Magnetic Fields - Lambda Polarization in Heavy Ion Collisions at RHIC"

    Presented by Michael Lisa, Ohio State University

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    Last year, the STAR Collaboration at RHIC published the first observation of global hyperon polarization in heavy ion collisions. This polarization may be used to extract rotational substructure of the flow field. The result represented a striking validation of the near-equilibrium hydrodynamic paradigm and established the quark-gluon plasma at RHIC as by far the most vortical fluid in nature. More recent studies quantify the vortical structure systematics to challenge hydro models in detail. In addition to the rotational fluid substructure, hyperon polarization should probe the strong magnetic fields expected in heavy ion collisions. Measuring these fields is crucial for establishing and quantifying the so-called Chiral Magnetic Effect at RHIC. Experimental uncertainties are currently too large to conclusively measure the magnetic field, but detector upgrades at STAR and dedicated running at RHIC may allow a breakthrough in this year's (2018) run.

  444. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "X-ray Scattering as a Tool for Understanding Nanostructured Materials"

    Presented by Robert Koch, Alfred University

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    Materials with significant local distortions from the bulk average structure often show novel and useful properties. Identifying and quantifying the nature and extent of this correlated disorder1 is however quite challenging, as traditional crystallography and the associated tools often do not adequately describe such nanostructured materials. This is a manifestation of the "nanostructure problem"2 and the solution requires complex modelling incorporating multiple techniques. This talk focuses on the application of X-ray scattering and complex modelling as tools for understanding various nanostructured materials, including nanocrystalline nickel with large clusters of planar defects, interlayered non-silicon photovoltaics, geometrically frustrated ternary alkaline earth hexaborides, manganese dioxide nanosheet assemblies, and nanostructured noble metal alloys. Complex modelling leveraging both standard techniques as well as genetic algorithms, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and machine learning together provide synergistic understanding spanning length scales from a few Ångstrom to hundreds of nanometers. Additionally, an example of how complex modelling can be used to shed understanding on the nature of crystallographic disorder in superconducting alloys of 2H-TaSe2−xSx is discussed. A potential model is proposed whereby alloys of 2H-TaSe2−xSx are composed of interlayered sheets with two unique c-axes. This model is consistent with the observed 00l Bragg profile broadening trend and may help explain the suppression of charge density waves and maximization of superconductivity in these systems. 1. Keen, D. A. & Goodwin, A. L. The crystallography of correlated disorder. Nature 521, 303–309 (2015). 2. Billinge, S. J. L. & Levin, I. The problem with determining atomic structure at the nanoscale. Science 316, 561–565 (2007).

  445. Physics Summer School: Introduction to Particle Physics

    Presented by Bill Morse, BNL

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  446. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Measurements of charm, bottom, and Drell-Yan via dimuons in p+p and p+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV with PHENIX at RHIC"

    Presented by Yue Hang Leung, Stonybrook University

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    Dilepton spectra are a classic probe to study ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. At RHIC energies, the dimuon continuum is dominated by correlated pairs from charm and bottom semi-leptonic decays and the Drell-Yan process. In this talk, we present measurements of µµ pairs from charm, bottom, and Drell-Yan in p+p and p+Au collisions at sNN = 200 GeV. Differential yields from charm and bottom in p+p collisions will be presented and implications for the relative contributions from different heavy flavor production mechanisms will be discussed. We will also present results of bottom yields in p+Au collisions and discuss the implications on cold nuclear matter effects. This study also enables first measurements of the Drell-Yan cross-section at s_{NN} = 200 GeV. Studying Drell-Yan production in p+Au collisions is a clean probe for modifications of the initial state. The Drell-Yan differential cross-sections in p+p collisions and progress on p+Au collisions will be presented.

  447. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Jet substructure in ATLAS at the LHC – a tool for discoveries and measurements"

    Presented by Peter Loch, University of Arizona

    Thursday, June 14, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) applies jet substructure analysis techniques to extract the internal energy flow in high energy jets produced in the proton-proton collisions in searches for new physics as well as in Standard Model (SM) measurements. In this talk we will introduce the most commonly applied techniques and present an overview of results from the respective performance evaluations. In addition, we will discuss selected configurations of tagging algorithms designed to extract two- or three-prong energy flow patterns inside a jet, as generated by decays of SM particles like the W-boson or the top quark, or possible new heavy particles indicating physics beyond the SM. A brief presentation of recent results from searches and SM measurements, including the recent measurement of the internal structure of light quark and gluon jets, concludes the talk.

  448. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Doublon-holon origin of the subpeaks at the Hubbard band edges"

    Presented by Seung-Sup Lee, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Germany

    Thursday, June 14, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Andreas Weichselbaum

    Dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) studies frequently observe a fine structure in the local spectral function of the SU(2) Fermi-Hubbard model (i.e., one-band Hubbard model) at half filling: In the metallic phase close to the Mott transition, subpeaks emerge at the inner edges of the Hubbard bands. Here we demonstrate that these subpeaks originate from the low-energy effective interaction of doublon-holon pairs, by investigating how the correlation functions of doublon and holon operators contribute to the subpeaks [1, 2]. We use the numerical renormalization group (NRG) as a DMFT impurity solver to obtain the correlation functions on the real-frequency axis with improved spectral resolution [3]. A mean- field analysis of the low-energy effective Hamiltonian [2] provides results consistent with the numerical result. The subpeaks are associated with a distinctive dispersion that is different from those for quasiparticles and the Hubbard bands. Also, the subpeaks become more pronounced in the SU(N) Hubbard models for larger number N of particle flavors, due to the increased degeneracy of doublon-holon pair excitations. Hence we expect that the sub-peaks can be observed in the photoemission spectroscopy experiments of multi-band materials or in the ultracold atom simulation of the SU(N) Hubbard models. [1] S.-S. B. Lee, J. von Delft, and A. Weichselbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 236402 (2017). [2] S.-S. B. Lee, J. von Delft, and A. Weichselbaum, Phys. Rev. B 96, 245106 (2017). [3] S.-S. B. Lee and A. Weichselbaum, Phys. Rev. B 94, 235127 (2016).

  449. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Defects and their functional properties in multiferroic hexagonal systems"

    Presented by Shaobo Cheng, McMaster University Canada

    Monday, June 11, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    As a main component of quantum materials, multiferroic materials, which simultaneously have multiple orderings, hold promise for use in the next generation of memory devices. Taking advantage of the state-of-the-art transmission electron microscopy techniques, we have systematically studied the defects induced emergent phenomena in multiferroic hexagonal systems. Two single phase multiferroic hexagonal systems will be covered in this talk: YMnO3 and LuFe2O4. YMnO3 is a classic single phase multiferroic material with geometric ferroelectricity. The effects oxygen vacancies, partial edge dislocations, and interfacial atomic reconstructions will be presented. LuFe2O4 is a well-known multiferroic system with charge ordering origin. The effects of twins and interstitial oxygen in LuFe2O4 single crystalline sample will be discussed. The structural-property relationship for both systems has been tried to be established in our studies. Our findings demonstrate the structural flexibility of both manganites and ferrites, and open the door to new tunable multifunctional applications.

  450. Physics Colloquium

    "How we got the government we have, and why scientists should engage with it"

    Presented by Benn Tannenbaum, Sandia National Laboratory

    Tuesday, June 5, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    It seems like a terrible time to be a scientist in the United States. Federal budgets aren't being passed, and when they are, funding for science never seems to increase. The debate over immigration reform—including what to do about visas for high-skilled workers, such as scientists—is stalled. Everyone agrees that cybersecurity is a problem, but no one seems to have a solution. Meanwhile, we have no meaningful debate in Congress or in the administration on climate change or energy policy. This lecture will cover how we got here, why we are stuck, some speculation on how the current administration is impacting research, and how the scientific community can impact policy.

  451. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Liouville action, high multiplicity tail and shape of proton"

    Presented by Vladimir Skokov, BNL

    Friday, June 1, 2018, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room, 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    In this talk I violate the common wisdom "one seminar — one message" and discuss two seemingly unrelated results in the framework of the dilute-dense CGC approach: the effect of spatial eccentricity of the projectile (proton) shape on the second harmonic in double-inclusive gluon production and the theoretical description of the high gluon multiplicity tail. I will show that these two superficially unrelated results in combination may lead to unexpected consequences for the phenomenology of p-A collisions.

  452. Joint Nuclear Theory/RIKEN/CFNS Seminar

    "Novel QCD Physics at an Electron-Ion Collider"

    Presented by Stanley Brodsky, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University

    Friday, May 25, 2018, 10:30 am
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    An electron-ion collider can test many fundamental features of QCD for hadron and nuclear physics, including flavor-dependent antishadowing in deep inelastic electron-nucleus scattering, the breakdown of sum rules for nuclear structure functions, the role of ``hidden-color " degrees of freedom, and the effects of "color transparency" on the baryon-to-meson anomaly observed at high transverse momentum in heavy-ion collisions. I will also discuss intrinsic heavy quark phenomena and the production of exotic multiquark states at the EIC. On the theory side, I will discuss the new insights into color confinement that one obtains from light-front holography, including supersymmetric features of the meson, baryon, and tetraquark spectroscopy. The Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC) can be used to systematically eliminate renormalization scale ambiguities and thus obtain scheme-independent pQCD predictions.

  453. Particle Physics Seminar

    "K+ to pi+ nu nubar- First result from NA62 experiment"

    Presented by Bob Velghe, TRIUMF

    Thursday, May 24, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The K+ to pi+ nu nubar decay has been attracting interest for many decades. The accurate measurement of its branching ratio is a powerful test of the Standard Model (SM) and could reveal effects beyond the SM. As the decay occurs at the level of 1 in a 10 billion kaon disintegration, many experimental challenges have to be overcome. The CERN NA62 experiment uses a novel kaon decay-in-flight technique to observe K+ to pi+ nu nubar. The analysis of the 2016 data set was used to establish the method by allowing us to reach the 10^-10 single event sensitivity. The preliminary NA62 result on K+ to pi+ nu nubar from the analysis of the full 2016 data set will be presented.

  454. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Developing theoretical understanding of non-equilibrium phenomena"

    Presented by Alexander Kemper, North Carolina State University

    Thursday, May 24, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    In this talk, I will present an overview of some of our recent results in the area of non-equilibrium many-body theory. Experimental developments are enabling the study of electrons and atoms in the time domain with ever increasing resolution. The theoretical development has been somewhat lacking, and remains mostly rooted in extensions of equilibrium models. Our work has been to put the theoretical modeling on a firmer footing. Through numerical solution of the equations of motion, we can directly evaluate experimentally relevant spectra. These may be analyzed with the benefit of knowing the precise model and correlation functions that underlie the spectra. Most of the talk will focus on the interaction between a system of electrons interacting with several degrees of freedom, including the lattice, impurity scattering, and each other. Typically, non-equilibrium results are analyzed through a framework that relies on equilibrium intuition. Our results show that the validity of this type of analysis falls on a spectrum that varies from correct to wholly incorrect, which I will illustrate with specific examples. This line of thinking will be further developed by considering the flow of energy between various subsystems.

  455. Particle Physics Seminar

    "CERN openlab R&D for the LHC Run3 and Run4"

    Presented by Maria Girone, CERN

    Tuesday, May 22, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sergey Panitkin

    LHC Run3 and Run4 represent an unprecedented challenge for HEP computing in terms of both data volume and complexity. New approaches are needed for how data is collected and filtered, processed, moved, stored and analysed if these challenges are to be met with a realistic budget. To develop innovative techniques we are fostering relationships with industry leaders. CERN openlab is a unique resource for public-private partnership between CERN and leading Information Communication and Technology (ICT) companies. Its mission is to accelerate the development of cutting-edge solutions to be used by the worldwide HEP community. In 2018, CERN openlab started its phase VI with a strong focus on tackling the upcoming LHC challenges. Several R&D programs are ongoing in the R&D areas of data centre technologies and infrastructures. computing performance and software, machine learning and data analytics. This talk gives an overview of the various innovative technologies that are currently being explored by CERN openlab VI and discusses the long-term strategies that are pursued by the LHC communities with the help of industry in closing the technological gap in processing and storage needs expected in Run3 and Run4.

  456. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "The ATLAS ITK Strip Detector for High-Luminosity LHC"

    Presented by Stefania Stucci, CERN, Italy

    Tuesday, May 22, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    The High-Luminosity LHC operations are scheduled to start in 2026. The ATLAS experiment is currently preparing for an upgrade of the inner tracking detector. The radiation damage at the maximum integrated luminosity of 4000/fb implies integrated hadron fluencies over 2x10^16 neq/cm2 requiring replacement of the existing Inner Detector. An all-silicon Inner Tracker (ITk) is proposed with a pixel detector surrounded by a strip detector. The current prototyping phase, targeting an ITk Strip Detector consisting of a four-layer central barrel and forward regions composed of six disks at each end, will be described. In this contribution I will present the design of the ITk Strip Detector and the preparations for production.

  457. Physics Colloquium

    "Driven Quantum and Dirac Matter"

    Presented by Alexander Balatsky, Los Alamos

    Tuesday, May 15, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

  458. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "TMD evolution as a double-scale evolution"

    Presented by Alexey Vladimirov, Universitat Regensburg

    Tuesday, May 15, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Transverse momentum dependent (TMD) distributions depend on the pair of scaling parameters and their evolution is given by a pair of coupled equations. I present the analysis of the TMD evolution equations and their solution with the emphasis on their two-dimensional structure. It results in a new viewpoint on TMD evolution, both from the technical and interpretation sides. I formulate the non-perturbative definition of zeta-prescription and introduce the notion of optimal TMD distribution. I demonstrate that the updated form of TMD evolution produces lesser theoretical uncertainty and improves agreement with the data.

  459. HET/RIKEN Lunch Discussions

    "Localized 4-Sigma and 5-Sigma Dijet Mass Excesses in ALEPH LEP2 Four-Jet Events"

    Friday, May 11, 2018, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Co-hosted by Christoph Lehner and Taku Izubuchi

  460. HET/RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Quantum Simulation from Quantum Chemistry to Quantum Chromodynamics"

    Presented by Peter Love, Tufts

    Thursday, May 10, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno and Enrico Rinaldi

    Quantum simulation proposes to use future quantum computers to calculate properties of quantum systems. In the context of chemistry, the target is the electronic structure problem: determination of the electronic energy given the nuclear coordinates of a molecule. Since 2006 we have been studying quantum approaches to quantum chemical problems, and such approaches must face the challenges of high, but fixed, precision requirements, and fermion antisymmetry. I will describe several algorithmic developments in this area including improvements upon the Jordan Wigner transformation, alternatives to phase estimation, adiabatic quantum computing approaches to the electronic structure problem, methods based on sparse Hamiltonian simulation techniques and the potential for experiments realizing these algorithms in the near future. I will also briefly review work by others on the analog and digital simulation of lattice gauge theories using quantum simulators.

  461. Physics Colloquium

    "The Cosmic Microwave Background and How It Keeps on Revealing More about the Universe"

    Presented by Suzanne Staggs, Princeton

    Tuesday, May 8, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    In the 50+ years since its discovery, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) has yielded surprisingly detailed and precise information about the form, content and dynamics of the early universe. High angular resolution maps, and polarization data at all angular scales, are the focus of current and next-generation instruments. I will describe what we already know about the universe from the CMB, and lay the ground for future revelations from the CMB, with special emphasis on the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). ACT is a special-purpose 6m telescope situated at 17,000 ft in the dry Atacama Desert of northern Chile, at a latitude of 23 degrees South. ACT's millimeter-wave detectors measure both polarization and intensity at very fine angular scales (arcminutes). I will describe the ACT instrument and its data in the context of other ongoing and proposed CMB projects, their scientific impact, and the potential discovery space. I will include a brief description of the upcoming Simons Observatory.

  462. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Picoastronomy: an electron microscopist's view of the history of the Solar System"

    Presented by Rhonda Stroud, US Naval Research Laboratory

    Friday, May 4, 2018, 2 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    A wide range of astrophysical processes, from condensation of dust particles in circumstellar envelopes to space weathering on airless bodies, are inherently pico-to-nanoscale phenomena. Thus an electron microscope, used for direct observation of planetary materials in the laboratory, can be as much of an astronomical tool as a telescope pointed at the sky. The energy resolution of state-of-the-art monochromated scanning transmission electron microscopes (STEMs), as low as 10 meV, makes it possible to directly observe the infra-red optical properties of individual cosmic dust grains in the 5 to 25 um range. Thus, distinguishing the 10-um and 18-um features of individual bonafide astrosilicates is now possible. The identity of volatiles, trapped in individual nanoscale vesicles, can be determined with STEM-EELS to better constrain space weathering processes in lunar soils. Finally, STEM-EDS offers to possibility of constraining noble gas contents of primitive carbonaceous materials, including nanodiamond, and "phase Q", thus thus constrain their formation histories.

  463. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Beam Dynamics Measurements for the Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab"

    Presented by Dr. Tammy Walton, Fermilab

    Thursday, May 3, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    There exists a > 3 sigma discrepancy between the experimental measurement and Standard Model prediction of the anomalous magnetic moment for the muon. The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab will reduce the experimental uncertainty of 540 ppb to 140 ppb, which includes improving the systematic uncertainty by a factor of 3. A significant reduction in the systematic uncertainty for sources associated with the dynamics of the muon beam are needed in order to achieve the expected goal. The experiment is operational and accumulating physics data. The presentation focus on measuring the spatial distribution and dynamics of the muon beam using high advanced tracking detectors. In addition, beam dynamics measurements using other detector systems are presented. By taking advantage of the different detector systems, the Fermilab's experiment is highly equipped to control the various sources contributing to the muon beam-related uncertainties.

  464. Physics Colloquium

    "The Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab"

    Presented by Tammy Walton, FNAL- Leona Woods Lectureship award winner's colloquium

    Tuesday, May 1, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab is measuring the anomalous magnetic dipole moment of the muon with an improved factor of four accuracy (140 ppb). The new measurement is inspired by the > 3s discrepancy between the Brookhaven experimental measurement and Standard Model prediction, where the discrepancy gives hints of new physics beyond the Standard Model. The Fermilab's Muon g – 2 experiment is taking physics data and is projected to accumulate 1 x BNL statistics by the end of the spring 2018 Fermilab's accelerator shutdown. In this presentation, I will discuss the scientific motivation and physics of muon g – 2 experiments and conclude with a snapshot of data results from the beginning of the physics run.

  465. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Chemistry beyond the crystal- advanced Fourier techniques"

    Presented by Simon Kimber, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Monday, April 30, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    Chemical crystallography nowadays makes structure determination and refinement trivial. However, advances in x-ray and neutron sources mean that we should revisit some of the basic assumptions that shape our experiments. For example, most chemical reactivity in e.g. catalysis, self-assembly etc, occurs in the solution phase. Why are we as crystallographers then wedded to the solid state? In this presentation, I will show how total scattering can be used to determine changes in cluster structure during photochemical reactions and to probe the role of the solvent in 'magic size' cluster formation. I will then describe how neutron scattering techniques can be used to challenge another basic assumption- the static approximation in total scattering. We have successfully applied so-called 'dynamic-PDF' techniques to simple chalcogenide materials. This allows to determine the time scale on which local distortions appear, providing insight into the role of highly anharmonic phonons in e.g. phase change and thermoelectric materials. Time allowing, I will also provide a short update on progress at ORNL, including the upcoming restart of the SNS, and new instrumentation for diffraction, total and diffuse scattering.

  466. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Exploring the QCD phase structure with functional methods"

    Presented by Bernd-Jochen Schaefer, University of Giessen

    Friday, April 27, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    QCD at finite temperature and moderate densities predicts a phase transition from a chiral symmetry broken hadronic phase to a chirally restored deconfined quark-gluon plasma phase. In this talk I report on recent progress achieved basically with functional renormalization group (FRG) methods to reveal the QCD phase structure. Two and three quark flavor FRG investigations are confronted to results obtained with effective chiral low-energy models. The importance of quantum and thermal fluctuations is demonstrated and their consequences for the experimental signatures to detect possible critical endpoints in the phase diagram are discussed.

  467. CFNS Seminar

    "Polarized light ion physics with spectator tagging at EIC"

    Presented by Christian Weiss, Jefferson Lab

    Thursday, April 26, 2018, 4 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room, Bldg. 510, Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    Measurements of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) on polarized light ions (deuteron, 3He, ...) address important physics topics such as the spin structure of the neutron, nuclear modifications of parton densities, and coherent effects at small x. Detection of the nuclear breakup state ("spectator tagging") reveals the nuclear configurations present during the high-energy process and permits a controled theoretical treatment of nuclear effects. We report about an on-going effort to develop the theoretical and experimental methods for spectator tagging with the deuteron at EIC. This includes (a) the description of nuclear structure and breakup in DIS using methods of light-front quantization; (b) extraction of free neutron spin structure from tagged DIS using on-shell extrapolation; (c) novel studies of nuclear shadowing in diffractive tagged DIS at small x; (d) the forward detector and ion beam requirements for spectator tagging at EIC. We present suggestions for future physics studies and detailed process simulations.

  468. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological properties of Weyl semimetals in the presence of randomness"

    Presented by Jedediah Pixley, Rutgers

    Wednesday, April 25, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Laura Classen

    We will discuss the effects of short-range disorder on three-dimensional Weyl semimetals with a focus on the topological Fermi arc surface states and the existence of the axial anomaly in the presence of parallel electric and magnetic fields. We will briefly review the bulk properties of disordered Weyl semimetals concentrating on the proposed quantum critical point separating a semimetal and diffusive metal phase driven by disorder. We show that quasi-localized, rare eigenstates contribute an exponentially small but non-zero density of states at the Weyl node energy. This destabilizes the semimetal phase and converts the semimetal-to-diffusive metal transition into a cross over (dubbed an avoided quantum critical point). In turn, it is no longer obvious how robust the topological properties are in these materials. We will therefore discuss the effects disorder has on the robustness of Weyl Fermi arc surface states and the axial anomaly. We find that the Fermi arcs, in addition to having a finite lifetime from disorder broadening, hybridize with the non-perturbative bulk rare states, which unbinds them from the surface (i.e. they lose their purely surface spectral character). Nonetheless, the surface chiral velocity is robust and survives in the presence of strong disorder. Lastly, we will discuss the robustness of the axial anomaly for a single Weyl cone in the presence of disorder. We will show that deep in the diffusive limit, when a band structure picture of dispersing (chiral) Landau levels no longer applies, the axial anomaly survives.

  469. Physics Colloquium

    "Nature vs. Nurture in Complex (and Not-So-Complex) Systems"

    Presented by Daniel Stein, NYU

    Tuesday, April 24, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Understanding the dynamical behavior of many-particle systems following a deep quench is a central issue in both statistical mechanics and complex systems theory. One of the basic questions centers on the issue of predictability: given a system with a random initial state evolving through a well-defined stochastic dynamics, how much of the information contained in the state at future times depends on the initial condition (``nature'') and how much on the dynamical realization (``nurture'')? We discuss this question and present both old and new results for both homogeneous and random systems in low and high dimension.

  470. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Building and understanding magnetic nano-structures, one atom at a time"

    Presented by Adrian Feiguin, Northeastern University

    Tuesday, April 24, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In the past decade we have witnessed enormous progress in experiments that consist of placing magnetic atoms at predetermined positions on substrates and building magnetic nanostructures one atom at a time. The effective interaction between spins is mediated by the conduction electrons in the substrate. In order to understand these interactions, we rely on a theory developed decades ago by Ruderman, Kittel, Kasuya, and Yosida, dubbed "RKKY theory", which applies when the spins are classical. The quantum nature of the electronic spin introduces another degree of complexity and competition with another quantum phenomenon: the Kondo effect. This competition is quite subtle and non-trivial, and can only be studied by numerical means. We investigate this mechanism on different lattice geometries in 2 and 3 dimensions by introducing an exact mapping onto an effective one-dimensional problem that we can solve with the density matrix renormalization group method (DMRG). We show a clear and departure from the conventional RKKY theory, and important differences that can be attributed to the dimensionality and geometry. We have found that there is a critical distance at which the Kondo effect dominates, translating into a finite range for the RKKY interaction. In particular, for dimension d>1, Kondo physics dominates even at short distances, while the ferromagnetic RKKY state is energetically unfavorable. Remarkably, in the case of impurities with higher spin S=1, both effects can co-exist: while the impurities are partially screened by the conduction electrons, an effective dangling spin S=1/2 is responsible for the entanglement between impurities.

  471. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Fictions, fluctuations and mean fields"

    Presented by Pasi Huovinen, Uniwersytet Wroclawski

    Tuesday, April 24, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    The difference between fluctuations and correlations as calculated using lattice QCD from the values evaluated using hadron resonance gas model, has been taken as an indication that there must be more resonance states then observed so far. In this talk I explore how the fluctuations and correlations change if I include the unobserved states (fictions) predicted by a quark model to the hadron resonance gas, and, on the other hand, how the fluctuations and correlations change if we include the repulsive interactions between baryons and antibaryons in the hadron resonance gas model using repulsive mean field.

  472. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Signal Processing in Single-Phase LArTPCs - Application at MicroBooNE"

    Presented by Brooke Russell, Yale University, Wright Laboratory

    Thursday, April 19, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) is a burgeoning detector technology with extensive use in existing and planned accelerator neutrino experiments. While engineering challenges in developing this technology have largely been overcome, high-quality reconstruction of the detailed topological and calorimetric information provided by the fine-grained drifted ionization charge signal is still in active development. In this talk, I describe a robust ionization charge extraction method developed at MicroBooNE and generically applicable to all single-phase LArTPC experiments. This technique accurately converts the raw digitized TPC waveforms into the number of ionization electrons from both induction and collection wire planes. The performance of cold electronics is critical to the success of signal extraction methods. I motivate how characterization and suppression of detector noise translates to signal processing proficiency. Finally, I relate the performance of signal processing to the context of MicroBooNE's physics goals and prospects to realize the promised capability of LArTPC detector technology.

  473. Physics Colloquium

    "Plasma science - From laboratory-fusion to astrophysical plasmas"

    Presented by Fatima Ebrahimi, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Princeton University

    Tuesday, April 17, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Our universe is immersed in magnetized plasma, electrically conducting ionized gas. Some of the most fundamental and long-standing astrophysical problems, such as the magnetization of the universe, collimation of astrophysical jets, the accretion process and transport in astrophysical disks (surrounding e.g. black holes) and their coronas can only be explored through plasma physics. Our sun as a natural laboratory for plasma physics provides inspiring as well as challenging problems, including its dynamo cycles, heating, and the replication of its core reaction, fusion energy, on earth in a lab. There is an abundance of observational/experimental data emerging from natural phenomena of space and astrophysical plasmas, as well as laboratory plasma experiments, for plasma physicists to explore. I will review some of these topics, in particular magnetic reconnection, the rearrangement of the magnetic ?field topology of plasmas, which energizes many processes in nature and has been shown to also be critical in the nonlinear dynamics of many processes in toroidal fusion plasmas. Using global simulations, I will demonstrate the instrumental role of magnetic reconnection, which enables an innovative technique for producing current in fusion plasmas.

  474. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First Results from CUORE - Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in 130Te"

    Presented by Karsten Heeger, Yale University, Wright Laboratory

    Thursday, April 12, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is a ton-scale cryogenic experiment at Gran Sasso National Laboratory designed to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0νββ) in tellurium-130. The experiment consists of 988 ultracold tellurium dioxide bolometric crystals, which act as both the double-beta decay sources and detectors. An observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would be direct evidence of lepton number violation and unambiguously prove that neutrinos are Majorana particles. This talk presents the first results from CUORE based on an exposure of 83.6 kg yr of tellurium dioxide. With this data we find no evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay and set the world-leading limit on the rate of 0νββ in 130Te

  475. Physics Colloquium

    "Quantum Chromodynamics in the Exascale Era with the Emergence of Quantum Computing"

    Presented by Martin Savage, University of Washington

    Tuesday, April 10, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    A century of coherent experimental and theoretical investigations uncovered the laws of nature that underly nuclear physics ? Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and the electroweak interactions. While analytic techniques of quantum field theory have played a key role in understanding the dynamics of matter in high energy processes, they become inapplicable to low-energy nuclear structure and reactions, and dense systems. Expected increases in computational resources into the exascale era will enable Lattice QCD calculations to determine a range of important strong interaction processes directly from QCD. However, important finite density systems, non equilibrium systems, and inelastic processes are expected to remain a challenge for conventional computation. In this presentation, I will discuss the state-of-the-art Lattice QCD calculations, progress that is expected in the near future, and the potential of quantum computing to address Grand Challenge problems in nuclear physics.

  476. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Dense nuclear and quark matter from holography"

    Presented by Andreas Schmitt, University of Southampton

    Friday, April 6, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    QCD at large, but not asymptotically large, baryon density presents an enormous theoretical challenge because first-principle calculations are nearly impossible. Phenomenologically, dense QCD is of great interest for the interior of neutron stars, in particular after the recent detection of gravitational waves from neutron star mergers. I will discuss a holographic approach to dense matter, making use of the Sakai-Sugimoto model, which can account for both nuclear matter and quark matter and the transition between them. In particular, nucleons are implemented as instantons in the bulk, and I will discuss certain approximations for many-nucleon matter based on the flat-space instanton solution and present the resulting phase diagrams.

  477. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Time for High Luminosity – a new Detector for ATLAS"

    Presented by Joern Lange, Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies (IFAE) Barcelona

    Thursday, April 5, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    To extend its physics reach, the Large Hadron Collider at CERN will be upgraded in 2024-2026 to deliver proton-proton collisions at 5-10 times higher luminosities than designed (HL-LHC). This will be a challenge for the ATLAS experiment that has to cope with higher particle densities, radiation and event pile-up of up to 200 interactions per bunch crossing. Apart from the planned exchange of the full inner tracker, a complete new detector is being proposed and developed to complement precise tracking with ultra-fast timing: the High Granularity Timing Detector (HGTD). It will exploit the fact that the primary vertices where the individual interactions take place are not only distributed in space, but also in time. Hence, measuring the time of each particle with about 30 ps precision allows to further suppress backgrounds from pile-up and restore the reconstruction performance of b-tagging, jets, isolated leptons and missing transverse energies, which is crucial for many physics analyses. The HGTD will cover a pseudo-rapidity range of 2.4 to 4.0 with a granularity of 1.3x1.3 mm2. It is only made possible by the rapid advance of a new silicon detector technology, namely Low Gain Avalanche Detectors (LGAD), which have been developed by CNM Barcelona and the CERN RD50 Collaboration and are now also produced by Hamamatsu, FBK, BNL and Micron. It has been shown that LGADs can fulfill the challenging HGTD requirements, especially also after the high radiation fluence levels expected at the end of life time of up to 5e15 neq/cm2. This presentation will motivate and introduce the HGTD and present the new LGAD sensor technology including performance measurements before and after irradiation. New developments such as 4D-tracking and possible other applications inside and outside High Energy Physics (forward detectors like AFP, low-energy X-rays, radio-therapy) will be discussed as well.

  478. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Plastic Deformation at the Nanoscale and Superconductivity Enhancement in Decompression"

    Presented by Bin Chen, Shanghai Laboratory of Center for High Pressure Science & Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China

    Thursday, April 5, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Plastic Deformation at the Nanoscale: Understanding the plastic deformation of nanocrystalline materials is a longstanding challenge [1,2]. Various controversial observations, mainly on the existence of dislocations and the mechanisms for a reversed Hall–Petch effect, have been reported. However, in situ observation of plastic deformation in ultrafine (sub-10 nm) nanocrystals has long been difficult, precluding the direct exploration of mechanics at the nanometer scale. By using a radial diamond-anvil cell (rDAC) x-ray diffraction technique we plastically deformed nickel to pressures above 35 GPa and observed that 1) dislocation-mediated deformation was still operative in as small as 3 nm nickel particles [3]; 2) 70 nm nickel particles were found to rotate more than any other grain size, signaling the reversal in the size dependence of grain rotation [4,5]; 3). Hall-Petch effect in nickel can be extended to 3 nm [6]. These observations demand considering the role of defects in the physical behaviors of nanomaterials. Superconductivity Enhancement in Decompression: An unexpected superconductivity enhancement was recently observed in decompressed In2Se3 [7]. The onset of superconductivity in In2Se3 occurred at 41.3 GPa with a critical temperature (Tc) of 3.7 K, peaking at 47.1 GPa. The striking observation shows that this layered chalcogenide remains superconducting during decompression down to 10.7 GPa. More surprisingly, the highest Tc in decompression was 8.2 K, a twofold increase in the same crystal structure as in compression. The novel decompression-induced superconductivity enhancement implies that it is possible to maintain pressure-induced superconductivity at lower or even ambient pressures with better superconducting performance. References: [1] B. Chen, et al., MRS Bulletin 41, 473 (2016). [2] H. K. Mao, et al., Matter and Radiation at Extremes, 1, 59 (2016). [3] B. Chen, et al., Science 338, 1448 (2012). [4] B. Chen, et al., Proc. Natl. Ac

  479. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "QCD crossover at zero and non-zero baryon densities"

    Presented by Patrick Steinbrecher, BNL

    Thursday, April 5, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  480. Physics Colloquium

    "Eigenstate thermalization and its implications to statistical mechanics"

    Presented by Anatoli Polkovnikov, Boston University

    Tuesday, April 3, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    In this talk I will overview recent developments in understanding quantum chaos through random matrix theory. I will discuss various conjectures on the nature of quantum stationary states in chaotic systems and show numerical evidence supporting them. It is the random nature of eigenstates, which ultimately leads to loss of information about initial conditions and leads to emergence of statistical mechanics in isolated systems. I will then introduce the so-called Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis (ETH) ansatz first proposed by J. Deutsch and M. Srednicki in 90th, which gives a unified framework for the structure of physical observable in quantum chaotic systems. I will demonstrate how the ETH ansatz naturally leads to emergence of various thermodynamic relations. At the end of the talk I will mention some open problems.

  481. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searches for squarks and gluinos with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Vakhtang Tsiskaridze, Stony Brook

    Thursday, March 29, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

  482. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Non-abelian symmetries and applications in tensor networks"

    Presented by Andreas Weichselbaum, Brookhaven National Lab

    Thursday, March 29, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    I will give a brief introduction to tensor network states with focus on exploiting all symmetries, abelian and non-abelian alike. I will briefly motivate a generic framework for finite-dimensional Lie algebras, which has been fully implemented in the tensor library QSpace [1]. The latter was already put under extensive scrutiny over the past couple of years. Along it already also gave rise to a range of excellent applications. Here, in particular, I will briefly highlight 1D density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations on SU(N) Heisenberg ladders, 2D projected entangled pair state (PEPS) simulations on Spin-1 Kagome [2], and infinite-dimensional dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) simulations on Hund's metals [3]. [1] A. Weichselbaum, Annals of Physics 327, 2972 (2012) [2] Liu et al., PRB 91 (R), 060403(R) (2015) [3] Stadler et al. PRL 115, 136401 (2015)

  483. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Accurate spectral calculations for testing electronic structures, low energy excitations, and vibronic interactions"

    Presented by Keith Gilmore, The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France

    Thursday, March 29, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is a relatively new technique for probing low energy excitations in materials. In addition to traditional techniques, such as angle resolved photoemission, it has become an important, high precision characterization tool of strongly correlated electron materials. To calculate RIXS, and related core and valence level spectra, we solve the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) based on a self-energy corrected density functional theory electronic structure. I outline our implementation of the BSE and use SrVO3 for demonstration. The sensitivity of spectral features to the self-energy approximation – whether G0W0, qpscGW, or DMFT – is highlighted. To include interactions beyond the usual BSE I introduce the cumulant expansion. Spectral functions derived from a GW self-energy are typically inadequate when the dressed Green's function is built via the Dyson equation. With the same GW self-energy, a superior Green's function and spectral function, implicitly including vertex corrections, is obtained through the cumulant expansion. I consider application of the GW-cumulant expansion to photoemission, photoabsorption, and X-ray scattering. Lastly, vibronic coupling has important impacts on these spectra. I show how to calculation the phonon contribution to photoemission, absorption and scattering with a vibronic cumulant.

  484. PubSci

    "PubSci: Nuclear Medicine for Personalized Cancer Treatment"

    Tuesday, March 27, 2018, 7 pm
    Napper Tandy's 60 E. Main Street Bay Shore, N

  485. Physics Colloquium

    "Particles Colliders: Past, Present and Future"

    Presented by Dmitri Denisov, Fermilab

    Tuesday, March 27, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Developments of the particle colliders over last 50 years have seen tremendous progress in both the energy of the collisions and the intensity of the colliding beams. In order to reach even higher collision energy many fundamental inventions in the colliders design have been achieved. Progress to even higher energies was strongly stimulated by physics interests in studying smaller and smaller distances and in creation of heavier and heavier elementary particles. Experiments at colliders required major breakthroughs in the particle detection methods in order to discover new particles such as c and t quarks, gluons, tau lepton, W, Z and Higgs bosons which completed currently expected set of elementary particles. Options for even higher energy colliders will be discussed, including their design parameters, acceleration principles as well as construction challenges. Such colliders is the only way to understand the Nature at even smaller distances and create particles with higher masses than we can reach today.

  486. Physics Colloquium

    "Nuclear lattice simulations"

    Presented by Dean Lee, Michigan State University

    Tuesday, March 20, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    This is an introduction to how atomic nuclei and other quantum few- and many-body systems can be studied using lattice simulations. The first part of the talk explains the basic formalism called lattice effective field theory. The rest of the talk is a discussion of novel methods and the new physics insights one gains with each. The methods discussed are the adiabatic projection method for scattering and reaction calculations, pinhole algorithm for probing structure and thermodynamic properties, and eigenvector continuation for extending calculations to regions of parameter space where things otherwise break down.

  487. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Spatial Resolution of Low-Loss EELS"

    Presented by R.F. Egerton, University of Alberta, Canada

    Tuesday, March 20, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 480 Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    Recent-generation TEM/STEM instruments fitted with an electron monochromator provide an energy resolution down to 0.01 eV for electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and are themselves capable of achieving a spatial resolution approaching 0.1 nm. Besides offering the possibility of vibrational-mode EELS for examining chemical bonds, these instruments could be useful for mapping the electronic properties (e.g. band gap) of insulators and semiconductors. However, basic physics imposes a spatial resolution of few nm (or tens of nm) for energy loss below 10 eV, due to delocalization of the inelastic scattering. We will discuss what might be done to improve the spatial resolution, to make low-loss EELS competitive with other techniques.

  488. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Probing the collectivity of heavy quarks in pPb collisions with prompt D0 elliptic flow using CMS detector"

    Presented by Zhenyu Chen, Rice University

    Tuesday, March 20, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Lijuan Ruan

    Recent years, evidence for collective effects has been revealed in pp and pPb collisions when looking at events releasing large number of particles. The experimental observations lead to a debate of the formation of strongly coupled Quark-Gluon Plasma in those small collision systems. Azimuthal anisotropy coefficient (vn) of heavy-flavor particles, and especially the comparison to light flavor particles vn, can shed light on the strength of the coupling between heavy flavor quarks and the hypothesized hydrodynamic medium at a significantly reduces size, and impose further constrains on different interpretations related to the origin of the observed collectivity. In this talk, the most recent results of prompt D0 meson elliptic flow (v2) in high-multiplicity pPb collisions are presented over a wide transverse momentum range. The results are compared to those of strange hadrons, including Kshort, Lambda, Cascade and Omega particles.

  489. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Correlators of twist-2 light-ray operators in the BFKL approximation"

    Presented by Ian Balitsky

    Friday, March 16, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    It is well known that BFKL gives anomalous dimensions of twist-2 operators of spin j in the "BFKL limit'' $g^2\righarrow 0,\omega\equiv j-1\righarrow 0,{g^2\over\omega}$ fixed. I demonstrate that such limit describes the non-local light-ray operators and present the results of calculation of two- and three-point correlation functions of these operators in this limit. The calculation is performed in ${\cal N}$=4 SYM but the result is valid in other gauge theories such as QCD.

  490. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Quantum dimer models for high temperature superconductors"

    Presented by Garry Goldstein, Cambridge University, United Kingdom

    Friday, March 16, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    In this talk we review the slave boson meanfield formulation of the fermion+boson quantum dimer model for the pseudogap phase of the high temperature superconductors. We show that in the presence of weak slowly varying external magnetic and electric fields the fermionic dimers undergo semiclassical motion in the external field. As a result in the presence of magnetic fields strong enough to destroy superconductivity the dimers undergo quantum oscillations. Indeed they satisfy Onsager quantization for their orbits and Lifshtiz-Kosevich formula for the amplitude of oscillations. We also compute the effective charges of the dimers in the presence of external magnetic fields as a function of temperature. We show that the effective magnetic charge changes sign from negative −e at low temperature to positive +e at high temperature. This leads to a change of the sign of the Hall coeÿcient as a function of temperature. We also compute the magnetoresistance as a function of the external field and temperature within a linearized Boltzmann equation approximation for the fermionic dimers. Furthermore we further show that the dimers undergo a Lifshitz transition as a function of doping with a van Hove singularity appearing at the Fermi surface near optimal doping ∼ 20%. Indeed the van Hove singularity leads to a divergence of the density of states and as such an optimum Tc. We study the interplay of nematic fluctuations and the van Hove singularity both of which occur near optimal doping. We show that the van Hove singularity modifies the critical properties of the QCP (quantum critical point) for nematic fluctuations and that the QCP may be described by Hertz Millis like theory with z = 4. This allows us to calculate the critical exponents of the nematic fluctuations and to show that the fermionic dimers have non-Fermi liquid behavior near the QCP with the self energy diverging ∼ |ω3/4| near the QCP.

  491. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Precision Measurements of Asymmetries and Spectra in Neutron Decay"

    Presented by Brad Plaster, University of Kentucky

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Precision measurements of various asymmetries in neutron decay permit an extraction of the weak axial-vector coupling constant, gA, a fundamental quantity important for weak-interaction physics and as a benchmark for lattice QCD calculations. I will discuss a recent new result from the UCNA Experiment at Los Alamos National Laboratory for a 0.16% precision result on gA from a measurement of the 'A' asymmetry, which represents the parity-violating angular correlation between the neutron's spin and the decay electron's momentum. This long-standing effort was carried out with a superconducting solenoidal electron spectrometer at the LANL Ultracold Neutron (UCN) facility. This new result will be placed in the context of historical results for gA and recent discrepant values for the neutron lifetime obtained via different experimental techniques. I will also discuss the first-ever extraction of the Fierz interference term 'b' in free neutron decay from an analysis of the electron's spectral shape as measured in the UCNA Experiment. A non-zero 'b' term would result from beyond-Standard Model interactions, such as Scalar or Tensor physics. Although the result for 'b' from the UCNA Experiment was systematics limited, it points to the requisite significant improvements in the characterization of the detector energy response that future experiments aimed at a measurement of 'b' will need to achieve in order to probe beyond Standard Model physics at a competitive precision.

  492. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Splitting of electrons and violation of the Luttinger sum rule"

    Presented by Eoin Quinn, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    We obtain a controlled description of a strongly correlated regime of electronic behaviour. We argue that there are two ways to characterise the electronic degree of freedom, either by the canonical fermion algebra or by the graded Lie algebra su(2|2). The first underlies the Fermi liquid description of correlated matter, and we identify a novel regime governed by the latter. We obtain the electronic spectral function within a controlled approximation, and find a splitting in two of the electronic band. The Luttinger sum rule is violated and a Mott metal-insulator transition is exhibited.

  493. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Hadronic light-by-light scattering in the muon g-2"

    Presented by Andreas Nyffeler, University of Mainz

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  494. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Enabling emergent spin-orbit magnetism in iridate-based heterostructures"

    Presented by Jian Liu, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    5d transition metal oxides have emerged as a novel playground for some of the most outstanding and challenging problems in condensed matter physics, such as metal-insulator transition and quantum magnetism. In particular, layered iridates hosting square lattices of IrO6 octahedra have drawn significant interests due to the electronic and magnetic analogy with high-Tc cuprates. However, materials of this kind are limited to a few Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) compounds. In this talk, I will discuss our recent work on overcoming this bottleneck by constructing such two-dimensional (2D) structures confined in superlattices grown by heteroepitaxy. By leveraging the layering control of epitaxial growth, we are not only able to develop new structural variants of layered iridates, but also unravel and exploit the intriguing spin-orbit-driven 2D magnetism beyond the cuprate physics yet invisible in the RP iridates. The results demonstrate the power of this approach in tailing the exchange interactions, enabling new magnetic controls, and providing unique insights into the emergent phenomena of 5d electrons.

  495. Particle Physics Seminar

    "From first beam to particle physics discoveries with petabytes of data"

    Presented by Paul Laycock, CERN

    Monday, March 12, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The LHC experiments require huge, ever-increasing volumes of data to explore the frontiers of particle physics, and the grid provides the infrastructure to meet this challenge. Today, even medium sized experiments produce petabytes of data that need to be analysed by international collaborations and the relationship between particle physicists and their data has had to evolve to keep pace. Calibrating and systematically understanding detectors requires detailed information, deep learning algorithms promise to allow us to fully exploit our experiments, and on the other hand we want to analyse our data quickly and be the first to publish. This talk will first describe how, shortly after the Higgs discovery, ATLAS realised that the way that analysis was done had to change, and will briefly illustrate what those changes entailed. Next, the NA62 experiment will be described. Recording a billion events per day, NA62 aims to measure the very rare decay of a charged kaon to a charged pion and two neutrinos. The collaboration had to quickly implement petabyte scale data processing infrastructure to perform the sub-nanosecond calibrations needed to challenge the 10% precision of the theory prediction.

  496. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Yang-Mills action on the light front: MHV amplitudes and Wilson lines"

    Presented by Anna Stasto, Penn State

    Friday, March 9, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    The MHV action is the Yang-Mills action quantized on the light-front, where the two explicit physical gluonic degrees of freedom have been canonically transformed to a new set of fields. This transformation leads to the action with vertices being off-shell continuations of the MHV amplitudes. We show that the solution to the field transformation expressing one of the new fields in terms of the Yang-Mills field is a certain type of the Wilson line. More precisely, it is a straight infinite gauge link with a slope extending to the light-cone minus and the transverse direction. One of the consequences of that fact is that certain MHV vertices reduced partially on-shell are gauge invariant — a fact discovered before using conventional light-front perturbation theory. We also analyze the diagrammatic content of the field transformations leading to the MHV action. We found that the diagrams for the solution to the transformation (given by the Wilson line) and its inverse differ only by light-front energy denominators.

  497. Particle Physics Seminar

    "New neutrino oscillation results from NOvA"

    Presented by Jeremy Wolcott, Tufts University

    Thursday, March 8, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The NOvA experiment is an off-axis long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment using the NuMI $\nu_{\mu}$ beam originating at Fermilab. By examining the disappearance of muon neutrinos and the appearance of electron neutrinos between the near detector at Fermilab and the far detector in Ash River, MN, NOvA has the potential to help answer a number of fundamental questions: Are the neutrinos' masses ordered the same way as those of the charged leptons? Do leptons experience charge-parity violation? Are there underlying symmetries in the way the neutrino states mix with one another? In this talk I will present NOvA's most recent constraints on the answers to those questions utilizing muon neutrino disappearance and electron neutrino appearance. These updated results are based on a 50% increase in exposure relative to previous results as well as numerous simulation and analysis improvements.

  498. Physics Colloquium

    "Quantum simulation of gauge theories in optical lattices"

    Presented by Alexei Bazavov, Michigan State University

    Tuesday, March 6, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    hile non-perturbative approaches such as lattice gauge theory led to significant advances in understanding the physics of strong interactions, many problems remain out of reach for classical computation, in particular, real-time dynamics or properties of QCD at finite baryon density that are being explored in heavy-ion collision experiments. Recent advances in the technology of engineering custom interactions for ultra-cold atomic gases in optical lattices opened a possibility for quantum simulations as was envisioned by R. Feynman in the 1980s. The main idea is that the degrees of freedom of the original system are mapped onto a quantum Hamiltonian whose dynamics can be realized in a laboratory. Many condensed matter Hamiltonians, such as Bose-Hubbard model, have been recently studied in this way. Quantum simulation of gauge theories is however challenging since the gauge symmetry is not naturally present in the ultra-cold atomic systems. I will review the current status of theoretical proposals for quantum simulation of field theories and then focus on our recent work on an explicitly gauge-invariant formulation of the Abelian-Higgs model for simulation on optical lattices.

  499. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "Table-top MeV laser particle accelerator @ kHz repetition rate"

    Presented by Enam Chowdhury, Department of Physics, Ohio State University

    Tuesday, March 6, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    At the Extreme Light Lab at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Dayton, we explore light matter interaction at relativistic fields with liquid targets. Although demonstrations of up to 4 GeV1 electrons and ~100 MeV protons2 have been achieved in the past, all of these are not feasible as future accelerators, due to their slow duty cycle (usually single shot, rarely 1 Hz). There are many challenges to increasing the duty cycle, where laser technology, target technology, damage to system, target alignment, high repetition rate sub-micron plasma diagnostics provides nearly insurmountable obstacles. In this program, we developed ways to accelerate MeV x-rays, electrons3 and ions4 at kHz repetition rate with a small milli-joule class laser system, by developing a combination of suitable laser system, diagnostic system, target system and experimental data collection system capable of handling the high duty cycle. We also perform femtosecond-time resolution pump-probe imaging of the interaction, and extensive large scale relativistic laser plasma interaction simulations5 that reveal the nature of the acceleration processes. Such a system opens the door to extensive future application as a source for materials processing, radiation hardness testing, medical isotope production, time resolved proton probing on relativistic interactions, and many others.

  500. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Looking ahead to BESII: new observables and new theoretical frameworks"

    Presented by Yin Yi, MIT

    Tuesday, March 6, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jia Jiangyong

    Upcoming beam energy scan (BES) phase II will explore the QCD phase diagram with an unprecedented precision and would potentially discover the QCD critical point. I will discuss recent theoretical developments aim at maximizing the discovery potential of BESII from both phenomenological and formal perspectives. First, I will discuss new observables which are very sensitive to the presence of the QCD critical point and are possible due to the iTPC upgrade. In the second part, I will report recent progress on understanding and describing hydrodynamic fluctuations. Remarkably, effects of hydrodynamic fluctuations can be potentially important for precise determination of shear viscosity at top RHIC energy and would play a crucial role near the QCD critical point.

  501. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Quark / Antiquark Correlations in Heavy-Light Ion Collisions"

    Presented by Matt Sievert, LANL

    Friday, March 2, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    It has long been known that sub-nucleonic fluctuations of the energy density in the initial stages of heavy ion collisions play an important role in generating the observed distributions of particles and their flow. These energy density fluctuations are dominated by the radiation of small-x gluons which are populated to classically large occupation numbers in the wave functions of ultra-relativistic heavy ions. While these soft gluons dominate the initial conditions for the energy density, it is quark production which determines the initial conditions of other conserved charges, like flavor and baryon number. With the recent development of state-of-the art hydrodynamics codes tailored to the Beam Energy Scan which can propagate these conserved charges into the final state, it is timely and important to calculate the initial conditions of these conserved charges from first principles in QCD. In this talk, I will present new results for the spatial correlations among quarks and antiquarks produced at mid-rapidity by pair production from small-x gluons. This single-pair production mechanism, which has been studied for some time in momentum space, is the leading contribution to these correlations in coordinate space for dilute-dense collisions. As one moves from the dilute-dense regime toward the dense-dense regime, correlations due to double pair production become more important, and these correlations persist over larger length scales than the single-pair production mechanism. Over nonperturbative length scales, only the correlations from the overlap geometry remain. I will present explicit results for quark-antiquark correlations due to single pair production, and I will outline some preliminary results for the various double-pair production mechanisms. The ultimate goal of this work will be to construct a code which can initialize these conserved charges over all length scales in heavy-ion collisions.

  502. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "3D non-Fermi liquid behavior from 1D critical local moments"

    Presented by Laura Classen, BNL

    Thursday, March 1, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    We study the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity in a system composed of critical spin chains interacting with three dimensional conduction electrons and driven to criticality via an external magnetic field. The relevant experimental system is Yb2Pt2Pb, a metal where itinerant electrons coexist with localized moments of Yb-ions which can be described in terms of effective S = 1/2 spins with dominantly one-dimensional exchange interaction. The spin subsystem becomes critical in a relatively weak magnetic field, where it behaves like a Luttinger liquid. We theoretically examine a Kondo lattice with different effective space dimensionalities of the two interacting sub-systems. We characterize the corresponding non-Fermi liquid behavior due to the "local criticality" from the spins by calculating the electronic relaxation rate and the dc resistivity and establish its quasi linear temperature dependence.

  503. High-Energy Physics & RIKEN Theory Seminar

    "Preparing High Energy Physics Software for the Future - the Community White Paper"

    Presented by Dr. Benedikt Hegner, CERN, Switzerland

    Wednesday, February 28, 2018, 12 pm
    Seminar Room, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Eric Lancon

    Particle physics has an ambitious and broad experimental program for the coming decades. This program requires large investments in detector hardware, either to build new facilities and experiments, or to upgrade existing ones. Similarly, it requires commensurate investment into R&D of software to acquire, manage, process, and analyses the shear amounts of data to be recorded. In planning for the High Luminosity LHC in particular, it is critical that all of the collaborating stakeholders agree on the software goals and priorities, and that their efforts complement each other. In this spirit, the High Energy Physics community has created a white paper (arXiv:1712.06982) to describe and define the R&D activities required in order to prepare for this software upgrade. This presentation describes the expected software and computing challenges, and the plans to address them that are laid out in the white paper.

  504. Physics Colloquium

    "The Multi-Messenger Picture of a Neutron Star Merger"

    Presented by Brian Metzger, Columbia University

    Tuesday, February 27, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    On August 17 the LIGO/Virgo gravitational wave observatories detected the first binary neutron star merger event (GW170817), a discovery followed by the most ambitious electromagnetic (EM) follow-up campaign ever conducted. A gamma-ray burst (GRB) of short duration and very low luminosity was discovered by the Fermi and INTEGRAL satellites within 2 seconds of the merger. Within 11 hours, a bright but rapidly-fading thermal optical counterpart was discovered in the galaxy NGC 4993 at a distance of only 40 Mpc. The properties of the optical transient match remarkably well predictions for kilonova emission powered by the radioactive decay of heavy nuclei synthesized in the expanding merger ejecta by the r-process. The rapid spectral evolution of the kilonova emission to near-infrared wavelengths demonstrates that a portion of the ejecta contains heavy lanthanide nuclei. Two weeks after the merger, rising non-thermal X-ray and radio emission were detected from the position of the optical transient, consistent with delayed synchrotron afterglow radiation from an initially off-axis relativistic jet with the properties consistent with those of (on-axis) cosmological short GRB. I will describe a unified scenario for the range of EM counterparts from GW170817 and their implications for the astrophysical origin of the r-process and the properties of neutron stars. I will preview the upcoming era of multi-messenger astronomy, once Advanced LIGO/Virgo reach design sensitivity and a neutron star merger is detected every few weeks.

  505. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Drell-Yan process beyond collinear approximation"

    Presented by Stebel Tomasz, BNL

    Thursday, February 22, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  506. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological Spin Excitations in a Highly Interconnected 3D Spin Lattice"

    Presented by Yuan Li, International Center for Quantum Materials, Peking University, China

    Thursday, February 22, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    The recent discovery of topological semimetals, which possess distinct electron-band crossing with non-trivial topological characteristics, has stimulated intense research interest. By extending the notion of symmetry-protected band crossing into one of the simplest magnetic groups, namely by including the symmetry of time-reversal followed by space-inversion, we predict the existence of topological magnon-band crossing in three-dimensional (3D) collinear antiferromagnets. The crossing takes on the forms of Dirac points and nodal lines, in the presence and absence, respectively, of the conservation of the total spin along the ordered moments. In a concrete example of a Heisenberg spin model for a "spin-web" compound, we theoretically demonstrate the presence of Dirac magnons over a wide parameter range using linear spin-wave approximation, and obtain the corresponding topological surface states [1]. Inelastic neutron scattering experiments have been carried out to detect the bulk magnon-band crossing in a single-crystal sample. The highly interconnected nature of the spin lattice suppresses quantum fluctuations and facilitates our experimental observation, leading to remarkably clean experimental data and very good agreement with the linear spin-wave calculations. The predicted topological band crossing is confirmed [2]. [1] K. Li et al., PRL 119, 247202 (2017). [2] W. Yao et al., arXiv:1711.00632.

  507. Particle Physics Seminar

    "21-cm cosmology topics"

    Presented by Dr. Francisco Villaescusa-Navarro, Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute

    Thursday, February 15, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chris Sheehy

  508. Physics Colloquium

    "The Social Life of Heavy Quarks"

    Presented by Marek Karliner, Tel Aviv University

    Tuesday, February 13, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    I will discuss recent developments regarding new types of hadrons involving heavy quarks: hadronic molecules, doubly heavy baryons, stable tetraquarks and others. I will also explain how the discovery of the doubly heavy baryon leads to quark-level analogue of nuclear fusion, with energy release per reaction an order of magnitude greater than in ordinary fusion.

  509. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Nematic superconductivity in topological materials"

    Presented by Matt Smylie, Argonne National Laboratory

    Tuesday, February 13, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Genda Gu

    In a topological superconductor, a bulk superconducting gap induces a symmetry-protected gapless superconducting surface state. This surface state can host exotic Majorana zero modes, which are expected to revolutionize computation technology through energy-efficient fault-tolerant quantum computing. In this talk, we will discuss the search for bulk topological superconductors and the discovery of nematic superconductivity in MxBi2Se3 (M=Cu,Sr,Nb), where the superconducting system spontaneously breaks rotational symmetry at Tc. The nematic superconducting state and possible origins of the rotational symmetry breaking will be explored, with many conventional causes being eliminated.

  510. Computational Science Initiative Event

    "Physics Informed Machine Learning"

    Presented by Michael (Mischa) Chertkov, Los Alamos National Lab

    Tuesday, February 13, 2018, 10:30 am
    Seminar Room, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Frank Alexander

    Machine Learning (ML) capabilities are in a phase of tremendous growth, and there is great opportunity to point these tools toward physical modeling. The challenge is to incorporate domain expertise from traditional scientific discovery into next-generation ML models. We propose to develop new Physics Informed Machine Learning (PIML) algorithms that extend cutting-edge computational and algorithmic ML tools and merge them with physical knowledge in the form of constraints, symmetries, and domain expertise regarding effective degrees of freedom. This PIML methodology is illustrated on the following four enabling examples: 1. Topology and Parameter Estimation in Power Grids [based on arXiv:1710.10727] 2. Creating Turbulent Flows with Deep Learning [based on an APS/DFD2017 abstract] 3. Learning Graphical Models [Science 2018 in print; arXiv:1612.05024] 4. Renormalization of Tensor Networks (Graphical Models) [based on arXiv:1801.01649 and ICML2018 submission]

  511. Joint Nuclear Theory and HET Seminar

    "TeV Scale Lepton Number Violation: Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay & the LHC"

    Presented by Michael Ramsey-Musolf, U. Mass. Amherst

    Friday, February 9, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Christopher Murphy

  512. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Biased nuclear gluon distribution from a reweighted JIMWLK small-x ensemble"

    Presented by Adrian Dumitru, Baruch College/BNL

    Thursday, February 8, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  513. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "New nonperturbative scales and glueballs in confining gauge theories"

    Presented by Mohamed Anber, Lewis & Clark College

    Friday, February 2, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Studying confining gauge theories on a circle can provide answers to some of the deepest questions about QCD. In this talk, I start by summarizing the main characteristics shared by the compactified theories and their four dimensional cousins. Next, I show that the glueball spectrum of the compactified theories is much richer than what have been thought before. In particular, new nonperturbative scales and glueballs emerge in the deep IR regime of the theory. I discuss the spectrum in the context of super Yang-Mills and show that the lightest glueball states fill a chiral supermultiplet with doubly nonperturbative binding energy. I end with possible implications of these findings for the four dimensional gauge theories.

  514. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "Combining high energy x-ray diffraction techniques with laser-induced fluorescence in operando catalysis"

    Presented by Uta Hejral, Lund University, Sweden

    Friday, February 2, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Rm 156

    Hosted by: M. Abeykoon, S. Chodankar, B. Ocko, T. Tanabe, J. Thieme

  515. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The Coulomb Branch of N=4 SYM and Its Gravity dual as a New Holographic Model to QCD"

    Presented by Kiminad Mamo, Stony Brook

    Thursday, February 1, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  516. Joint BNL / SBU Seminar

    "New SM Physics and the LHC"

    Presented by Yuval Grossman, Cornell University

    Wednesday, January 31, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Stony Brook University YITP

  517. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Establishing Jeff =3/2 Ground State in a Lacunar Spinel GaTa4Se8"

    Presented by Myung Joon Han, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

    Wednesday, January 31, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Sangkook Choi

    In this talk, after briefly introducing the research activities in my group, I will present our recent progress on GaTa4Se8 which is known as a 'paramagnetic Mott' insulator and exhibits superconducting transition under pressure. Its low temperature behaviors found in susceptibility and specific heat measurement have not yet been clearly understood. The important first step to study these intriguing phenomena and the relationship between them is to clarify the nature of its electronic and magnetic property. By using first-principles band structure calculation and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering technique, we show that GaTa4Se8 is a novel 'Jeff=3/2 Mott' insulator in which spin-orbit interaction plays a key role to form a gap together with electronic correlation. The excitations involving the Jeff = 1/2 molecular orbital are absent only at the Ta L2 edge, manifesting the realization of the