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Physics Events

  1. JUL

    19

    Today

    Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Invariant and insensitive: climate model microphysics as a scaling problem"

    Presented by Mikael Witte, National Center for Atmospheric Research

    11 am, Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Thursday, July 19, 2018, 11:00 am

    Hosted by: Yangang Liu

    Clouds are inherently multiscale phenomena: the particles that make up clouds are typically microns to millimeters, while the large-scale circulations that drive cloud systems can be hundreds of kilometers across. Limited computational power and the need to accurately represent the large-scale circulations in numerical simulations of the atmosphere make explicit inclusion of cloud microphysics a practical impossibility. In the last 20 years there has been a shift toward representing microphysics as scale-aware processes. Despite this shift, many unanswered questions remain regarding the scaling characteristics of microphysical fields and how best to incorporate that information into parameterizations. In this talk, I will present results from analysis of high frequency in situ aircraft measurements of marine stratocumulus taken over the southeastern Pacific Ocean aboard the NCAR/NSF C-130 during VOCALS-REx. First, I will show that cloud and rain water have distinct scaling properties, indicating that there is a statistically and potentially physically significant difference in the spatial structure of the two fields. Covariance of cloud and rain is a strong function of length/grid scale and this information can easily be incorporated in large-scale model parameterizations. Next I will show results from multifractal analysis of cloud and rain water to understand the spatial structure of these fields, the results of which provide a framework for development of a scale-insensitive microphysics parameterization. Finally, I compare observed microphysical scaling properties with those inferred from large eddy simulations of drizzling stratocumulus, applying the same analyses as applied to the aircraft observations. We find that simulated cloud water agrees well with the observations but the drizzle field is substantially smoother than observed, which has implications for the ability of limited-area models to adequately reproduce the spatial structure o

  2. JUL

    19

    Today

    Physics Summer School

    "Silicon detectors"

    Presented by Gabriele Giacomini

    12:30 pm, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Thursday, July 19, 2018, 12:30 pm

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  3. JUL

    19

    Today

    RIKEN Lunch Seminar/Special Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Neutrino Scattering on Quantum Computers"

    Presented by Alessandro Roggero, University of Washington

    12:30 pm, Building 510, Room 2-160

    Thursday, July 19, 2018, 12:30 pm

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

  4. JUL

    24

    Tuesday

    Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Tale of coherent photon products: from UPC to HHIC"

    Presented by Wangmei Zha, University of Science and Technology of China

    11 am, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Tuesday, July 24, 2018, 11:00 am

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

  5. JUL

    26

    Thursday

    Physics Summer School

    "Working with High-Performance Astronomical CCD"

    Presented by Andrei Nomerotski, BNL

    12:30 pm, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Thursday, July 26, 2018, 12:30 pm

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  6. JUL

    27

    Friday

    Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Zhongbo Kang, UCLA

    2 pm, Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Friday, July 27, 2018, 2:00 pm

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

  7. JUL

    31

    Tuesday

    Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark Matter Annual Modulation with SABRE"

    Presented by Lindsey Bignell, Australian National University

    1:30 pm, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Tuesday, July 31, 2018, 1:30 pm

    Hosted by: David Jaffe

    SABRE is a dark matter direct detection experiment with a target of ultra-pure NaI(Tl). Our experiment is motivated by the DAMA result; a long-standing and highly statistically significant modulation of the count rate in their NaI(Tl) detector that is consistent with that expected from the dark matter halo. However, a number of other direct detection experiments, using different target materials, exclude the dark matter parameter space implied by DAMA for the simplest WIMP-nucleus interaction models. SABRE hopes to carry out the first model-independent test of the DAMA claim, with sufficient sensitivity to confirm or refute their result. SABRE will also operate identical detectors in the northern and southern hemisphere, to rule out seasonally-modulated backgrounds. The southern detector will be housed at the first deep underground laboratory in the Southern Hemisphere: the Stawell Underground Physics Laboratory. This talk will give an overview of the SABRE design and its predicted sensitivity, as well as an update on the proof-of-principle detector which will be operating this summer.

  8. AUG

    1

    Wednesday

    Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Imaging Non-equilibrium Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Materials"

    Presented by Kenneth Beyerlein, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Germany

    11 am, ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Wednesday, August 1, 2018, 11:00 am

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    The interfaces in thin film heterostructures dictate the performance of an electronic device. Understanding their behavior upon exposure to light is important for advancing photovoltaics and spintronics. However, producing an atomic image of these dynamics is an under-determined problem without a unique solution. In this talk, I will show how a set of ultrafast soft X-ray diffraction rocking curves can be spliced together to add constraints to the phase retrieval problem. In doing so, the anti-ferromagnetic order through a NdNiO3 film after illumination of the substrate with a mid-Infrared laser pulse will be imaged. Notably, a disordered phase front initiated at the substrate interface is shown to evolve at twice the speed of sound. This time-spliced imaging technique opens a new window into the correlated dynamics of two-dimensional materials.

  9. AUG

    5

    Sunday

    Summer Sundays

    "Atom Smashing Fun with the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider"

    10 am, Berkner Hall, Room B

    Sunday, August 5, 2018, 10:00 am

  10. AUG

    7

    Tuesday

    Special Particle Physics Seminar

    "Deep Neural Network Techniques R&D for Data Reconstruction of Liquid Argon TPC Detectors"

    Presented by Kazuhiro Terao, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

    10 am, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Tuesday, August 7, 2018, 10:00 am

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LArTPCs) are capable of recording images of charged particle tracks with breathtaking resolution. Such detailed information will allow LArTPCs to perform accurate particle identification and calorimetry, making it the detector of choice for many current and future neutrino experiments. However, analyzing such images can be challenging, requiring the development of many algorithms to identify and assemble features of the events in order to reconstruct neutrino interactions. In the recent years, we have been investigating a new approach using deep neural networks (DNNs), a modern solution to a pattern recognition for image-like data in the field of Computer Vision. A modern DNN can be applied for various types of problems such as data reconstruction tasks including interaction vertex finding, pixel clustering, and particle/topology type identification. We have developed a small inter-experiment collaboration to share generic software tools and algorithms development effort that can be applied to non-LArTPC imaging detectors. In this talk I will discuss the challenges of LArTPC data reconstruction, recent work and future plans for developing a full LArTPC data reconstruction chain using DNNs.

  11. AUG

    10

    Friday

    Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Advances in high energy electron holography"

    Presented by Toshiaki Tanigaki, Hitachi, Japan

    10:30 am, Conference room in building 480

    Friday, August 10, 2018, 10:30 am

    Hosted by: M.-G. Han

  12. AUG

    30

    Thursday

    Special Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Joaquin Drut, University of North Carolina

    12:30 pm, Building 510, Room 2-160

    Thursday, August 30, 2018, 12:30 pm

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

  13. SEP

    4

    Tuesday

    Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Neutron production and capture in stellar nucleosynthesis:^{22}Ne(\Alpha,n)^{25}Mg reaction and radiative neutron captures of radioactive nuclei"

    Presented by Shuya Ota, Texas A&M University

    11 am, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Tuesday, September 4, 2018, 11:00 am

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    Most of elements heavier than Fe in the Universe are produced by a series of neutron capture reaction and ??-decay in stars. The s-process, which occurs under moderate neutron environments (~107-10 neutrons/cm3) such as in He burning of massive stars, is responsible for producing almost half of the heavy elements. Neutrons for the s-process environment is believed to be supplied by two dominant reactions, one of which is 22Ne(?,n)25Mg reaction. This reaction in massive stars is dominated by a few resonance reactions. Nevertheless, there remain large uncertainties about contribution of the reaction to the s-process nucleosynthesis because the reaction cross sections are too small for direct measurements due to Coulomb barrier (E? = 400-900 keV in the lab system). In the first half of this seminar, I will present our experiment to determine these resonance strengths with a cyclotron accelerator at Texas A&M University. The experiment was performed by an indirect approach using 6Li(22Ne,25Mg+n)d ?-transfer reaction, in which resonance properties such as neutron decay branching ratios of produced 26Mg were studied by measuring deuterons, ?-ray, and 26Mg in coincidence using large arrays of Si and Ge, and a magnetic spectrometer. Our results showed neutron production from 22Ne(?,n)25Mg reaction can be about 10 times lower than past measurements. The effect of our measurements on the s-process nucleosynthesis will be discussed. In the second half of this seminar, I will present our experiments to determine neutron capture cross sections of radioactive nuclei using the Surrogate Reaction method [1]. Neutron capture reactions for the s-process involve relatively long-lived nuclei neighboring stability in the nuclear chart. Therefore, the Surrogate Reaction, which creates the same compound nuclei as the neutron capture reaction using a stable beam and target, can be a useful approach. On the other hand, the r- process, which produces the other half

  14. SEP

    13

    Thursday

    Particle Physics Seminar

    "Higgs couplings"

    Presented by Konstantinos Nikolopoulos

    3 pm, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Thursday, September 13, 2018, 3:00 pm

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

  15. OCT

    1

    Monday

    Particle Physics Seminar

    "Results from NA62 and its future program"

    Presented by Babette Döbrich, CERN

    3 pm, Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Monday, October 1, 2018, 3:00 pm

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The decay K+→π+νν, with a very precisely predicted branching ratio of less than 10^{-10}, is one of the best candidates to reveal indirect effects of new physics at the highest mass scales. The NA62 experiment at CERN SPS is designed to measure the branching ratio of the K+→π+νν with a decay-in-flight technique, novel for this channel. NA62 took data in 2016, 2017 and another year run is scheduled in 2018. Statistics collected in 2016 allows NA62 to reach the Standard Model sensitivity for K+→π+νν, entering the domain of 10-10 single event sensitivity and showing the proof of principle of the experiment. The analysis data is reviewed and the preliminary result from the 2016 data set presented. In addition, owing to the high beam-energy and a hermetic detector coverage, NA62 also has the opportunity to directly search for a plaethora of long-lived beyond-the Standard Model particles, such as Axion-like Particles and Dark Photons. We will review the status and results of this searches and give prospects for future data taking at NA62.

  1. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Mechanism of strange metal and strange metal state near a heavy fermion quantum critical point"

    Presented by Chung-Hou Chung, Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan

    Wednesday, July 18, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conference Room 201

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Strange metal (SM) behaviors with non-Fermi liquid (NFL) properties, generic features of heavy fermion systems near quantum phase transitions, are yet to be understood microscopically. A paradigmatic example is the magnetic field-tuned quantum critical heavy fermion metal YbRh2Si2 (YRS), revealing a possible SM state over a finite range of fields at low temperatures when substituted with Ge. Above a critical field, the SM state gives way to a heavy Fermi liquid with Kondo correlation. The NFL behavior shows most notably a linear-in-temperature electrical resistivity and a logarithmic-in-temperature followed by a power-law-in-temperature in the specific heat coefficient at low temperatures [1]. We propose a mechanism to explain it: a quasi-2d fluctuating anti-ferromagnetic short-range resonating-valence-bond (RVB) spin-liquid competing with the Kondo correlation (Fig. 1) [2]. Applying renormalization group analysis on an effective field theory beyond a large-N approach to an antiferromagnetic Kondo-Heisenberg model, we identify the critical point, and explain remarkably well the SM behavior. Our theory goes beyond the well-established framework of quantum phase transitions and serves as a new basis to address open issues of the non-Fermi liquid behavior in quantum critical heavy-fermion compounds, such as: the strange superconductivity observed in the "115" family CeMIn5 (M=Co, Rh)[3]. References: [1] J. Custers et al., Nature 424, 524 (2003); J. Custers et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 186402 (2010). [2] Yung-Yeh Chang, Silke Paschen, and Chung-Hou Chung, Phys. Rev. B 97, 035156 (2018). [3] Y. Y. Chang,, F. Hsu, S. Kirchner, C. Y. Mou, T. K. Lee and C. H. Chung (un-published).

  2. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "Coherent THz Radiation from Plasma Oscillation Driven by Laser Pulses"

    Presented by Dr. Min Sup Hur, Physics Department - UNIST Korea

    Tuesday, July 17, 2018, 4 pm
    Bldg. 911B, 2nd floor - Large Conference Room

    Hosted by: Dr. Bingping Xiao

    Plasma, a gas of electric charges, exhibits a fundamental oscillating behavior, the plasma oscillation. Similar to the classical harmonic oscillator, but charged, the plasma oscillation is potentially an outstanding source of coherent, monochromatic radiation with high intensity and high frequency. However, harnessing the plasma oscillation and taking the radiation out of it are never trivial problems. In this presentation, I introduce one novel method to generate an isolated plasma dipole oscillation by colliding laser pulses in a plasma, eventually to obtain a quasi-narrowband, powerful THz emission. The conceptual connection of the idea to the astrophysical plasma emission is also addressed.

  3. Physics Summer School

    "Physics Summer School: Introduction to Statistics for Particle Physics"

    Presented by Xin Qian, Brookhaven Lab

    Tuesday, July 17, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai & Anze Slosar

  4. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Confronting hydrodynamic predictions with Xe-Xe heavy-ion collision data"

    Presented by Matt Luzum, Univeristy of Sao Paulo

    Friday, July 13, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Comparing collision systems of different size, at near the same collision energy, offers us the opportunity to probe the scaling behavior and therefore the nature of the system itself. Recently, we made predictions for Xe-Xe collisions at 5.44 TeV using viscous hydrodynamic simulations, noting that the scaling from the larger Pb-Pb system is rather generic, and arguing that robust predictions can be made that do not depend on details of the model. Here we confront our predictions with measurements that were subsequently made in a short Xe-Xe run at the LHC by the ALICE, ATLAS, and CMS collaborations. We find that the predictions are largely confirmed, with small discrepancies that could point the way to a better understanding of the medium created in such collisions.

  5. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Topological structures in finite temperature QCD"

    Presented by Rasmus Larsen, BNL

    Thursday, July 12, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

    We report our study on the properties of the topological structures present in the QCD medium. We use dynamical domain wall fermion configurations on lattices of size 32^3x8 and detect the topological structures through the zero modes of the overlap operator. We explicitly show that the properties of the zero modes of the QCD Dirac operator agrees well with that of calorons with non-trivial holonomy. Different profiles of the zero modes are observed, ranging from solutions that are localized in all four spacetime dimensions, to profiles that are localized in the spatial directions, and constant along the temporal extent of the lattice. This indicates towards the presence of instanton-dyons in the hot QCD medium around Tc, where the distance between dyons control the shape and extent of the zero modes.

  6. Physics Summer School

    "Intro to neutrino physics"

    Presented by Mary Bishai, BNL

    Thursday, July 12, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  7. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Electron-microscopy-guided designing of ferroelectric materials for nonvolatile memories and multifunctional nanodevices"

    Presented by Linze Li, University of California @ Irvine

    Thursday, July 12, 2018, 11 am
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    As a prototypical example of functional oxides, ferroelectric materials have been utilized in a broad range of electronic, optical, and electromechanical applications and hold the promise for the design of future high-density nonvolatile memories and multifunctional nanodevices. The utilities of ferroelectrics are derived from the structures and switching of ferroelectric domains, or from their coupling to other material functionalities. In recent years, advanced imaging techniques based on aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have become powerful methods to characterize ferroelectric oxides, allowing nanoscale polarization states to be unambiguously determined with sub-Angstrom resolution, and allowing domain switching processes to be directly resolved in real time. In this presentation I will show several examples of applying advanced STEM or TEM-based techniques to the study of the static and dynamic properties of domains and domain walls in ferroelectric and multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films. Atomic structures and electrical switching behaviors of charged domain walls have been observed. A strong interaction between the ferroelectric polarization and nanoscale impurity defects has been discovered, and a new route to the production of exotic polarization states by utilizing such interaction has been proposed and established. These findings open up the possibility for the designing of novel ferroelectric materials and multifunctional devices with nanoscale structural defects or charged domain walls as essential components.

  8. Physics Summer School

    "Introduction to flavor physics"

    Presented by Bilas Pal, BNL

    Tuesday, July 10, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  9. Joint Nuclear Physics and High Energy Physics Seminar

    "Parity-Violating and Parity-Conserving Asymmetries in ep and eN Scattering in the Qweak Experiment"

    Presented by Wouter Deconinck, College of William & Mary

    Tuesday, July 10, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The Standard Model provides the current best description of fundamental particles and forces, but among other limitations it fails to account for dark matter which could manifest itself as more massive particles. Precision measurements of well predicted observables in the Standard Model allow for highly targeted tests for physics beyond the Standard Model. The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab has made the first precise determination of the weak charge of the proton in elastic scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from unpolarized protons. To achieve the required precision to measure the small parity-violating asymmetry of -226.5 ± 9.3 parts per billion, we directed a high current polarized electron beam on a liquid hydrogen target and integrated scattered events in eight azimuthally symmetric fused silica Cerenkov detectors. We find a value for the weak charge of proton of 0.0719 ± 0.0045, in agreement with predictions of the Standard Model. This result rules out leptoquark masses below 2.3 TeV and excludes generic new semi-leptonic parity-violation physics beyond the Standard Model below 3.5 TeV. To correct for the contributions from background processes, we conducted several additional parity-violating and parity-conserving asymmetry measurements with different kinematics (elastic and through the production of a Delta resonance), polarization (longitudinal and transverse), and targets (protons, electrons, aluminum, and carbon). I will discuss the results of the main experiment and highlight several ancillary results of interest to experiments at future facilities.

  10. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "High School Research Program Begins"

    Monday, July 9, 2018, 8 am
    Berkner Hall Auditorium

    Hosted by: Aleida Perez

  11. Physics Summer School

    "TBA"

    Thursday, July 5, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  12. Physics Summer School

    "Cosmology with Ground-Based Optical Surveys"

    Presented by Erin Sheldon, BNL

    Tuesday, July 3, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  13. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Room-temperature magnetic spiral order induced by disorder"

    Presented by Christopher Mudry, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland

    Monday, July 2, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Upon cooling, the compound YBaCuFeO5 undergoes a phase transition to an antiferromagnetic long-range ordered phase. Upon further cooling, a second phase transition to a magnetic spiral phase takes place. The latter transition temperature depends on the sample preparation and can reach room temperature. We propose a mechanism to explain the transition to a magnetic spiral ordered phase due to frustrating magnetic interactions that are introduced randomly along a single crystallographic direction as caused by a particular type of chemical disorder. This mechanism could open the way to high-temperature multiferroism.

  14. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Series

    "Investigating slow kinetic processes using synchrotron radiation: A case study of cement hydration in nuclear waste cements"

    Presented by Claire L. Corkhill, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

    Friday, June 29, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Room 156

    Hosted by: M. Abeykoon, S. Chodankar, B. Ocko, J. Thieme, G. Wang

  15. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First results from PROSPECT: The Precision Reactor Oscillation & Spectrum experiment"

    Presented by David Jaffe, BNL

    Thursday, June 28, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    PROSPECT is a short-baseline reactor antineutrino experiment designed to search for eV-scale sterile neutrino oscillations and measure the 235U antineutrino energy spectrum from the High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Deployed in early 2018, the 4ton, segmented, 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator detector began commissioning in March of this year. The detector consists of 154 segments that span a baseline of 7-9m from the compact highly enriched uranium core, enabling coverage of a wide range of oscillation parameter space. Full-scale prototypes have demonstrated excellent energy resolution and pulse-shape discrimination that will reject cosmogenic backgrounds and produce an unparalleled measurement of the 235U antineutrino spectrum. The first results of PROSPECT on sterile neutrino oscillations will be presented.

  16. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Imaging of Local Structure and Dynamics in Hard and Soft Condensed Matter Systems"

    Presented by Dmitry Karpov, New Mexico State University

    Friday, June 22, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    With advancement of coherent probes there is a shift from integral studies to highly localized studies in either spatial or temporal domains. Nanostructures and low dimensional phenomena, correlated fluctuations and associated transitions directly benefit from new instrumental capabilities. Studies of ferroelectric and magnetic materials and of their local behavior allow both to test fundamental physics concepts and provide access to technologies with direct practical applications. Topological phase transitions and topological defects are among the topics that are actively pursued in modern materials science. In recent study [1] conducted by our group we were able to visualize three-dimensional topological vortex structure in a volume of individual ferroelectric nanoparticle of barium titanate under external electric field using Bragg coherent diffractive imaging technique. Among other things we observed: (i) electric field induced structural transition from mixture of tetragonal and monoclinic phases to dominant monoclinic phase; (ii) controllable switching of vortex chirality; (iii) vortex mediated behavior of the nano-domains in the particle; (iv) and that the core of the vortex in the volume behaves as a nanorod of zero ferroelectric polarization which can be rotated by external electric field and can serve as a conducting channel for charge carriers. These findings can be used in the design of novel nanoelectronics devices and for creating artificial states of matter. Better understanding of the materials behavior at the nanoscale requires ways of probing anisotropies of the refractive index. Using polarized laser light, we've developed a method [2] termed birefringent coherent diffractive imaging that allows to extract projections of dielectric permittivity tensor in nematic liquid crystal. Further expanding this tool into full-vectorial mode shows that the method can be applied for imaging of magnetic domains, cellular structures, and ot

  17. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Theories of transport scaling in disordered semimetals and topological spin-nematic excitonic insulators in graphite under high magnetic field"

    Presented by Ryuichi Shindo, Peking University, China

    Thursday, June 21, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In the first part of my talk, I will talk about transport scaling theories in disordered Weyl semimetal [1,2]. In electronic band structure of solid state material, two band touching points with linear dispersion (called as `Weyl node') appear in pair in the momentum space. When they annihilate with each other, the system undergoes a quantum phase transition from Weyl semimetal (WSM) phase to a band insulator (BI) phase. The continuous phase transition is recently discovered in solid state materials [3]. The phase transition is described by a critical theory with a `magnetic dipole' like object in the momentum space. The critical theory hosts a disorder-driven quantum multicritical point, which is encompassed by three quantum phases, WSM phase, BI phase, and diffusive metal (DM) phase. Based on the renormalization group argument, we clarify transport scaling properties around the Weyl node at the quantum multicritical point as well as all phase boundaries among these three phases [1,2]. In the second part of my talk, I will argue that three-dimensional topological excitonic insulator is realized in graphite under high magnetic field [4,5]. Graphite under high magnetic field exhibits consecutive metal-insulator (MI) transitions as well as re-entrant insulator-metal (IM) transition at low temperature. We explain these enigmatic insulator phases as manifestation of excitonic insulator phases with spin nematic orderings ("SNEI" phases). Especially, we explain unusual field-dependences of in-plane resistivity in the graphite experiment by surface transports via 2+1 massless surface Dirac fermion in one of the SNEI phases [4,5]. [1] https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.09051, under review [2] https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.00572, selected as PRB editors' suggestion [3] Tian Liang, et.al., Science Advances, 3, e1602510 (2017) [4] https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.10253, under review [5] in preparation &

  18. Physics Summer School

    "Physics Summer School: Why we need physics beyond the Standard Model"

    Presented by Hooman Davoudiasl, BNL

    Thursday, June 21, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  19. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Fermi-Surface Reconstruction in Nd-doped CeCoIn5"

    Presented by Elizabeth Green, Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    Thursday, June 21, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Heavy fermion compounds are well known to exhibit novel properties when exposed to high magnetic fields. Most notably CeCoIn5 exhibits a field-induced superconducting state at high magnetic fields known as the Qphase. Recent neutron scattering measurements show a similar Q-vector for the 5% Nd-doped CeCoIn5 at zero applied magnetic field [1] which has initiated intense theoretical and experimental work on this doping series. In this talk I will present de Haas-van Alphen effect measurements which indicate a drastic Fermi-surface reconstruction occurs between 2 and 5% Nd-doping levels. The cylindrical Fermi surface, believed to play a crucial role in superconductivity in these materials, develops a quasi-three-dimensional topology with increased doping levels thus reducing the likelihood of an enhanced nesting scenario, previously given as a possible explanation for the Q-phase. However, effective masses remain relatively unchanged up to 10% Nd indicating the crossing of a spin density wave type of quantum critical point. In addition, I will present evidence that by substituting Ce with Nd the electronic pairing potential may be altered. These results help elucidate the reasoning for the emergence of the Q-phase seen in the 5% Nd sample and may be relevant to other heavy fermion compounds. [1] S. Raymond et al., JPSJ 83, 013707 (2014).

  20. Physics Colloquium

    "Subatomic Swirls and Massive Magnetic Fields - Lambda Polarization in Heavy Ion Collisions at RHIC"

    Presented by Michael Lisa, Ohio State University

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    Last year, the STAR Collaboration at RHIC published the first observation of global hyperon polarization in heavy ion collisions. This polarization may be used to extract rotational substructure of the flow field. The result represented a striking validation of the near-equilibrium hydrodynamic paradigm and established the quark-gluon plasma at RHIC as by far the most vortical fluid in nature. More recent studies quantify the vortical structure systematics to challenge hydro models in detail. In addition to the rotational fluid substructure, hyperon polarization should probe the strong magnetic fields expected in heavy ion collisions. Measuring these fields is crucial for establishing and quantifying the so-called Chiral Magnetic Effect at RHIC. Experimental uncertainties are currently too large to conclusively measure the magnetic field, but detector upgrades at STAR and dedicated running at RHIC may allow a breakthrough in this year's (2018) run.

  21. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "X-ray Scattering as a Tool for Understanding Nanostructured Materials"

    Presented by Robert Koch, Alfred University

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    Materials with significant local distortions from the bulk average structure often show novel and useful properties. Identifying and quantifying the nature and extent of this correlated disorder1 is however quite challenging, as traditional crystallography and the associated tools often do not adequately describe such nanostructured materials. This is a manifestation of the "nanostructure problem"2 and the solution requires complex modelling incorporating multiple techniques. This talk focuses on the application of X-ray scattering and complex modelling as tools for understanding various nanostructured materials, including nanocrystalline nickel with large clusters of planar defects, interlayered non-silicon photovoltaics, geometrically frustrated ternary alkaline earth hexaborides, manganese dioxide nanosheet assemblies, and nanostructured noble metal alloys. Complex modelling leveraging both standard techniques as well as genetic algorithms, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and machine learning together provide synergistic understanding spanning length scales from a few Ångstrom to hundreds of nanometers. Additionally, an example of how complex modelling can be used to shed understanding on the nature of crystallographic disorder in superconducting alloys of 2H-TaSe2−xSx is discussed. A potential model is proposed whereby alloys of 2H-TaSe2−xSx are composed of interlayered sheets with two unique c-axes. This model is consistent with the observed 00l Bragg profile broadening trend and may help explain the suppression of charge density waves and maximization of superconductivity in these systems. 1. Keen, D. A. & Goodwin, A. L. The crystallography of correlated disorder. Nature 521, 303–309 (2015). 2. Billinge, S. J. L. & Levin, I. The problem with determining atomic structure at the nanoscale. Science 316, 561–565 (2007).

  22. Physics Summer School: Introduction to Particle Physics

    Presented by Bill Morse, BNL

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mary Bishai and Anze Slosar

  23. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Measurements of charm, bottom, and Drell-Yan via dimuons in p+p and p+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV with PHENIX at RHIC"

    Presented by Yue Hang Leung, Stonybrook University

    Tuesday, June 19, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    Dilepton spectra are a classic probe to study ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. At RHIC energies, the dimuon continuum is dominated by correlated pairs from charm and bottom semi-leptonic decays and the Drell-Yan process. In this talk, we present measurements of µµ pairs from charm, bottom, and Drell-Yan in p+p and p+Au collisions at sNN = 200 GeV. Differential yields from charm and bottom in p+p collisions will be presented and implications for the relative contributions from different heavy flavor production mechanisms will be discussed. We will also present results of bottom yields in p+Au collisions and discuss the implications on cold nuclear matter effects. This study also enables first measurements of the Drell-Yan cross-section at s_{NN} = 200 GeV. Studying Drell-Yan production in p+Au collisions is a clean probe for modifications of the initial state. The Drell-Yan differential cross-sections in p+p collisions and progress on p+Au collisions will be presented.

  24. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Jet substructure in ATLAS at the LHC – a tool for discoveries and measurements"

    Presented by Peter Loch, University of Arizona

    Thursday, June 14, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) applies jet substructure analysis techniques to extract the internal energy flow in high energy jets produced in the proton-proton collisions in searches for new physics as well as in Standard Model (SM) measurements. In this talk we will introduce the most commonly applied techniques and present an overview of results from the respective performance evaluations. In addition, we will discuss selected configurations of tagging algorithms designed to extract two- or three-prong energy flow patterns inside a jet, as generated by decays of SM particles like the W-boson or the top quark, or possible new heavy particles indicating physics beyond the SM. A brief presentation of recent results from searches and SM measurements, including the recent measurement of the internal structure of light quark and gluon jets, concludes the talk.

  25. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Doublon-holon origin of the subpeaks at the Hubbard band edges"

    Presented by Seung-Sup Lee, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Germany

    Thursday, June 14, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Andreas Weichselbaum

    Dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) studies frequently observe a fine structure in the local spectral function of the SU(2) Fermi-Hubbard model (i.e., one-band Hubbard model) at half filling: In the metallic phase close to the Mott transition, subpeaks emerge at the inner edges of the Hubbard bands. Here we demonstrate that these subpeaks originate from the low-energy effective interaction of doublon-holon pairs, by investigating how the correlation functions of doublon and holon operators contribute to the subpeaks [1, 2]. We use the numerical renormalization group (NRG) as a DMFT impurity solver to obtain the correlation functions on the real-frequency axis with improved spectral resolution [3]. A mean- field analysis of the low-energy effective Hamiltonian [2] provides results consistent with the numerical result. The subpeaks are associated with a distinctive dispersion that is different from those for quasiparticles and the Hubbard bands. Also, the subpeaks become more pronounced in the SU(N) Hubbard models for larger number N of particle flavors, due to the increased degeneracy of doublon-holon pair excitations. Hence we expect that the sub-peaks can be observed in the photoemission spectroscopy experiments of multi-band materials or in the ultracold atom simulation of the SU(N) Hubbard models. [1] S.-S. B. Lee, J. von Delft, and A. Weichselbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 236402 (2017). [2] S.-S. B. Lee, J. von Delft, and A. Weichselbaum, Phys. Rev. B 96, 245106 (2017). [3] S.-S. B. Lee and A. Weichselbaum, Phys. Rev. B 94, 235127 (2016).

  26. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Defects and their functional properties in multiferroic hexagonal systems"

    Presented by Shaobo Cheng, McMaster University Canada

    Monday, June 11, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    As a main component of quantum materials, multiferroic materials, which simultaneously have multiple orderings, hold promise for use in the next generation of memory devices. Taking advantage of the state-of-the-art transmission electron microscopy techniques, we have systematically studied the defects induced emergent phenomena in multiferroic hexagonal systems. Two single phase multiferroic hexagonal systems will be covered in this talk: YMnO3 and LuFe2O4. YMnO3 is a classic single phase multiferroic material with geometric ferroelectricity. The effects oxygen vacancies, partial edge dislocations, and interfacial atomic reconstructions will be presented. LuFe2O4 is a well-known multiferroic system with charge ordering origin. The effects of twins and interstitial oxygen in LuFe2O4 single crystalline sample will be discussed. The structural-property relationship for both systems has been tried to be established in our studies. Our findings demonstrate the structural flexibility of both manganites and ferrites, and open the door to new tunable multifunctional applications.

  27. Physics Colloquium

    "How we got the government we have, and why scientists should engage with it"

    Presented by Benn Tannenbaum, Sandia National Laboratory

    Tuesday, June 5, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    It seems like a terrible time to be a scientist in the United States. Federal budgets aren't being passed, and when they are, funding for science never seems to increase. The debate over immigration reform—including what to do about visas for high-skilled workers, such as scientists—is stalled. Everyone agrees that cybersecurity is a problem, but no one seems to have a solution. Meanwhile, we have no meaningful debate in Congress or in the administration on climate change or energy policy. This lecture will cover how we got here, why we are stuck, some speculation on how the current administration is impacting research, and how the scientific community can impact policy.

  28. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Liouville action, high multiplicity tail and shape of proton"

    Presented by Vladimir Skokov, BNL

    Friday, June 1, 2018, 2 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room, 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    In this talk I violate the common wisdom "one seminar — one message" and discuss two seemingly unrelated results in the framework of the dilute-dense CGC approach: the effect of spatial eccentricity of the projectile (proton) shape on the second harmonic in double-inclusive gluon production and the theoretical description of the high gluon multiplicity tail. I will show that these two superficially unrelated results in combination may lead to unexpected consequences for the phenomenology of p-A collisions.

  29. Joint Nuclear Theory/RIKEN/CFNS Seminar

    "Novel QCD Physics at an Electron-Ion Collider"

    Presented by Stanley Brodsky, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University

    Friday, May 25, 2018, 10:30 am
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    An electron-ion collider can test many fundamental features of QCD for hadron and nuclear physics, including flavor-dependent antishadowing in deep inelastic electron-nucleus scattering, the breakdown of sum rules for nuclear structure functions, the role of ``hidden-color " degrees of freedom, and the effects of "color transparency" on the baryon-to-meson anomaly observed at high transverse momentum in heavy-ion collisions. I will also discuss intrinsic heavy quark phenomena and the production of exotic multiquark states at the EIC. On the theory side, I will discuss the new insights into color confinement that one obtains from light-front holography, including supersymmetric features of the meson, baryon, and tetraquark spectroscopy. The Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC) can be used to systematically eliminate renormalization scale ambiguities and thus obtain scheme-independent pQCD predictions.

  30. Particle Physics Seminar

    "K+ to pi+ nu nubar- First result from NA62 experiment"

    Presented by Bob Velghe, TRIUMF

    Thursday, May 24, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The K+ to pi+ nu nubar decay has been attracting interest for many decades. The accurate measurement of its branching ratio is a powerful test of the Standard Model (SM) and could reveal effects beyond the SM. As the decay occurs at the level of 1 in a 10 billion kaon disintegration, many experimental challenges have to be overcome. The CERN NA62 experiment uses a novel kaon decay-in-flight technique to observe K+ to pi+ nu nubar. The analysis of the 2016 data set was used to establish the method by allowing us to reach the 10^-10 single event sensitivity. The preliminary NA62 result on K+ to pi+ nu nubar from the analysis of the full 2016 data set will be presented.

  31. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Developing theoretical understanding of non-equilibrium phenomena"

    Presented by Alexander Kemper, North Carolina State University

    Thursday, May 24, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    In this talk, I will present an overview of some of our recent results in the area of non-equilibrium many-body theory. Experimental developments are enabling the study of electrons and atoms in the time domain with ever increasing resolution. The theoretical development has been somewhat lacking, and remains mostly rooted in extensions of equilibrium models. Our work has been to put the theoretical modeling on a firmer footing. Through numerical solution of the equations of motion, we can directly evaluate experimentally relevant spectra. These may be analyzed with the benefit of knowing the precise model and correlation functions that underlie the spectra. Most of the talk will focus on the interaction between a system of electrons interacting with several degrees of freedom, including the lattice, impurity scattering, and each other. Typically, non-equilibrium results are analyzed through a framework that relies on equilibrium intuition. Our results show that the validity of this type of analysis falls on a spectrum that varies from correct to wholly incorrect, which I will illustrate with specific examples. This line of thinking will be further developed by considering the flow of energy between various subsystems.

  32. Particle Physics Seminar

    "CERN openlab R&D for the LHC Run3 and Run4"

    Presented by Maria Girone, CERN

    Tuesday, May 22, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sergey Panitkin

    LHC Run3 and Run4 represent an unprecedented challenge for HEP computing in terms of both data volume and complexity. New approaches are needed for how data is collected and filtered, processed, moved, stored and analysed if these challenges are to be met with a realistic budget. To develop innovative techniques we are fostering relationships with industry leaders. CERN openlab is a unique resource for public-private partnership between CERN and leading Information Communication and Technology (ICT) companies. Its mission is to accelerate the development of cutting-edge solutions to be used by the worldwide HEP community. In 2018, CERN openlab started its phase VI with a strong focus on tackling the upcoming LHC challenges. Several R&D programs are ongoing in the R&D areas of data centre technologies and infrastructures. computing performance and software, machine learning and data analytics. This talk gives an overview of the various innovative technologies that are currently being explored by CERN openlab VI and discusses the long-term strategies that are pursued by the LHC communities with the help of industry in closing the technological gap in processing and storage needs expected in Run3 and Run4.

  33. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "The ATLAS ITK Strip Detector for High-Luminosity LHC"

    Presented by Stefania Stucci, CERN, Italy

    Tuesday, May 22, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    The High-Luminosity LHC operations are scheduled to start in 2026. The ATLAS experiment is currently preparing for an upgrade of the inner tracking detector. The radiation damage at the maximum integrated luminosity of 4000/fb implies integrated hadron fluencies over 2x10^16 neq/cm2 requiring replacement of the existing Inner Detector. An all-silicon Inner Tracker (ITk) is proposed with a pixel detector surrounded by a strip detector. The current prototyping phase, targeting an ITk Strip Detector consisting of a four-layer central barrel and forward regions composed of six disks at each end, will be described. In this contribution I will present the design of the ITk Strip Detector and the preparations for production.

  34. Physics Colloquium

    "Driven Quantum and Dirac Matter"

    Presented by Alexander Balatsky, Los Alamos

    Tuesday, May 15, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

  35. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "TMD evolution as a double-scale evolution"

    Presented by Alexey Vladimirov, Universitat Regensburg

    Tuesday, May 15, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Transverse momentum dependent (TMD) distributions depend on the pair of scaling parameters and their evolution is given by a pair of coupled equations. I present the analysis of the TMD evolution equations and their solution with the emphasis on their two-dimensional structure. It results in a new viewpoint on TMD evolution, both from the technical and interpretation sides. I formulate the non-perturbative definition of zeta-prescription and introduce the notion of optimal TMD distribution. I demonstrate that the updated form of TMD evolution produces lesser theoretical uncertainty and improves agreement with the data.

  36. HET/RIKEN Lunch Discussions

    "Localized 4-Sigma and 5-Sigma Dijet Mass Excesses in ALEPH LEP2 Four-Jet Events"

    Friday, May 11, 2018, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Co-hosted by Christoph Lehner and Taku Izubuchi

  37. HET/RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Quantum Simulation from Quantum Chemistry to Quantum Chromodynamics"

    Presented by Peter Love, Tufts

    Thursday, May 10, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno and Enrico Rinaldi

    Quantum simulation proposes to use future quantum computers to calculate properties of quantum systems. In the context of chemistry, the target is the electronic structure problem: determination of the electronic energy given the nuclear coordinates of a molecule. Since 2006 we have been studying quantum approaches to quantum chemical problems, and such approaches must face the challenges of high, but fixed, precision requirements, and fermion antisymmetry. I will describe several algorithmic developments in this area including improvements upon the Jordan Wigner transformation, alternatives to phase estimation, adiabatic quantum computing approaches to the electronic structure problem, methods based on sparse Hamiltonian simulation techniques and the potential for experiments realizing these algorithms in the near future. I will also briefly review work by others on the analog and digital simulation of lattice gauge theories using quantum simulators.

  38. Physics Colloquium

    "The Cosmic Microwave Background and How It Keeps on Revealing More about the Universe"

    Presented by Suzanne Staggs, Princeton

    Tuesday, May 8, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    In the 50+ years since its discovery, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) has yielded surprisingly detailed and precise information about the form, content and dynamics of the early universe. High angular resolution maps, and polarization data at all angular scales, are the focus of current and next-generation instruments. I will describe what we already know about the universe from the CMB, and lay the ground for future revelations from the CMB, with special emphasis on the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). ACT is a special-purpose 6m telescope situated at 17,000 ft in the dry Atacama Desert of northern Chile, at a latitude of 23 degrees South. ACT's millimeter-wave detectors measure both polarization and intensity at very fine angular scales (arcminutes). I will describe the ACT instrument and its data in the context of other ongoing and proposed CMB projects, their scientific impact, and the potential discovery space. I will include a brief description of the upcoming Simons Observatory.

  39. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Picoastronomy: an electron microscopist's view of the history of the Solar System"

    Presented by Rhonda Stroud, US Naval Research Laboratory

    Friday, May 4, 2018, 2 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    A wide range of astrophysical processes, from condensation of dust particles in circumstellar envelopes to space weathering on airless bodies, are inherently pico-to-nanoscale phenomena. Thus an electron microscope, used for direct observation of planetary materials in the laboratory, can be as much of an astronomical tool as a telescope pointed at the sky. The energy resolution of state-of-the-art monochromated scanning transmission electron microscopes (STEMs), as low as 10 meV, makes it possible to directly observe the infra-red optical properties of individual cosmic dust grains in the 5 to 25 um range. Thus, distinguishing the 10-um and 18-um features of individual bonafide astrosilicates is now possible. The identity of volatiles, trapped in individual nanoscale vesicles, can be determined with STEM-EELS to better constrain space weathering processes in lunar soils. Finally, STEM-EDS offers to possibility of constraining noble gas contents of primitive carbonaceous materials, including nanodiamond, and "phase Q", thus thus constrain their formation histories.

  40. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Beam Dynamics Measurements for the Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab"

    Presented by Dr. Tammy Walton, Fermilab

    Thursday, May 3, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    There exists a > 3 sigma discrepancy between the experimental measurement and Standard Model prediction of the anomalous magnetic moment for the muon. The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab will reduce the experimental uncertainty of 540 ppb to 140 ppb, which includes improving the systematic uncertainty by a factor of 3. A significant reduction in the systematic uncertainty for sources associated with the dynamics of the muon beam are needed in order to achieve the expected goal. The experiment is operational and accumulating physics data. The presentation focus on measuring the spatial distribution and dynamics of the muon beam using high advanced tracking detectors. In addition, beam dynamics measurements using other detector systems are presented. By taking advantage of the different detector systems, the Fermilab's experiment is highly equipped to control the various sources contributing to the muon beam-related uncertainties.

  41. Physics Colloquium

    "The Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab"

    Presented by Tammy Walton, FNAL- Leona Woods Lectureship award winner's colloquium

    Tuesday, May 1, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab is measuring the anomalous magnetic dipole moment of the muon with an improved factor of four accuracy (140 ppb). The new measurement is inspired by the > 3s discrepancy between the Brookhaven experimental measurement and Standard Model prediction, where the discrepancy gives hints of new physics beyond the Standard Model. The Fermilab's Muon g – 2 experiment is taking physics data and is projected to accumulate 1 x BNL statistics by the end of the spring 2018 Fermilab's accelerator shutdown. In this presentation, I will discuss the scientific motivation and physics of muon g – 2 experiments and conclude with a snapshot of data results from the beginning of the physics run.

  42. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Chemistry beyond the crystal- advanced Fourier techniques"

    Presented by Simon Kimber, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Monday, April 30, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    Chemical crystallography nowadays makes structure determination and refinement trivial. However, advances in x-ray and neutron sources mean that we should revisit some of the basic assumptions that shape our experiments. For example, most chemical reactivity in e.g. catalysis, self-assembly etc, occurs in the solution phase. Why are we as crystallographers then wedded to the solid state? In this presentation, I will show how total scattering can be used to determine changes in cluster structure during photochemical reactions and to probe the role of the solvent in 'magic size' cluster formation. I will then describe how neutron scattering techniques can be used to challenge another basic assumption- the static approximation in total scattering. We have successfully applied so-called 'dynamic-PDF' techniques to simple chalcogenide materials. This allows to determine the time scale on which local distortions appear, providing insight into the role of highly anharmonic phonons in e.g. phase change and thermoelectric materials. Time allowing, I will also provide a short update on progress at ORNL, including the upcoming restart of the SNS, and new instrumentation for diffraction, total and diffuse scattering.

  43. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Exploring the QCD phase structure with functional methods"

    Presented by Bernd-Jochen Schaefer, University of Giessen

    Friday, April 27, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 510, CFNS Seminar Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    QCD at finite temperature and moderate densities predicts a phase transition from a chiral symmetry broken hadronic phase to a chirally restored deconfined quark-gluon plasma phase. In this talk I report on recent progress achieved basically with functional renormalization group (FRG) methods to reveal the QCD phase structure. Two and three quark flavor FRG investigations are confronted to results obtained with effective chiral low-energy models. The importance of quantum and thermal fluctuations is demonstrated and their consequences for the experimental signatures to detect possible critical endpoints in the phase diagram are discussed.

  44. CFNS Seminar

    "Polarized light ion physics with spectator tagging at EIC"

    Presented by Christian Weiss, Jefferson Lab

    Thursday, April 26, 2018, 4 pm
    CFNS Seminar Room, Bldg. 510, Room 2-38

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    Measurements of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) on polarized light ions (deuteron, 3He, ...) address important physics topics such as the spin structure of the neutron, nuclear modifications of parton densities, and coherent effects at small x. Detection of the nuclear breakup state ("spectator tagging") reveals the nuclear configurations present during the high-energy process and permits a controled theoretical treatment of nuclear effects. We report about an on-going effort to develop the theoretical and experimental methods for spectator tagging with the deuteron at EIC. This includes (a) the description of nuclear structure and breakup in DIS using methods of light-front quantization; (b) extraction of free neutron spin structure from tagged DIS using on-shell extrapolation; (c) novel studies of nuclear shadowing in diffractive tagged DIS at small x; (d) the forward detector and ion beam requirements for spectator tagging at EIC. We present suggestions for future physics studies and detailed process simulations.

  45. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological properties of Weyl semimetals in the presence of randomness"

    Presented by Jedediah Pixley, Rutgers

    Wednesday, April 25, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Laura Classen

    We will discuss the effects of short-range disorder on three-dimensional Weyl semimetals with a focus on the topological Fermi arc surface states and the existence of the axial anomaly in the presence of parallel electric and magnetic fields. We will briefly review the bulk properties of disordered Weyl semimetals concentrating on the proposed quantum critical point separating a semimetal and diffusive metal phase driven by disorder. We show that quasi-localized, rare eigenstates contribute an exponentially small but non-zero density of states at the Weyl node energy. This destabilizes the semimetal phase and converts the semimetal-to-diffusive metal transition into a cross over (dubbed an avoided quantum critical point). In turn, it is no longer obvious how robust the topological properties are in these materials. We will therefore discuss the effects disorder has on the robustness of Weyl Fermi arc surface states and the axial anomaly. We find that the Fermi arcs, in addition to having a finite lifetime from disorder broadening, hybridize with the non-perturbative bulk rare states, which unbinds them from the surface (i.e. they lose their purely surface spectral character). Nonetheless, the surface chiral velocity is robust and survives in the presence of strong disorder. Lastly, we will discuss the robustness of the axial anomaly for a single Weyl cone in the presence of disorder. We will show that deep in the diffusive limit, when a band structure picture of dispersing (chiral) Landau levels no longer applies, the axial anomaly survives.

  46. Physics Colloquium

    "Nature vs. Nurture in Complex (and Not-So-Complex) Systems"

    Presented by Daniel Stein, NYU

    Tuesday, April 24, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Understanding the dynamical behavior of many-particle systems following a deep quench is a central issue in both statistical mechanics and complex systems theory. One of the basic questions centers on the issue of predictability: given a system with a random initial state evolving through a well-defined stochastic dynamics, how much of the information contained in the state at future times depends on the initial condition (``nature'') and how much on the dynamical realization (``nurture'')? We discuss this question and present both old and new results for both homogeneous and random systems in low and high dimension.

  47. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Building and understanding magnetic nano-structures, one atom at a time"

    Presented by Adrian Feiguin, Northeastern University

    Tuesday, April 24, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    In the past decade we have witnessed enormous progress in experiments that consist of placing magnetic atoms at predetermined positions on substrates and building magnetic nanostructures one atom at a time. The effective interaction between spins is mediated by the conduction electrons in the substrate. In order to understand these interactions, we rely on a theory developed decades ago by Ruderman, Kittel, Kasuya, and Yosida, dubbed "RKKY theory", which applies when the spins are classical. The quantum nature of the electronic spin introduces another degree of complexity and competition with another quantum phenomenon: the Kondo effect. This competition is quite subtle and non-trivial, and can only be studied by numerical means. We investigate this mechanism on different lattice geometries in 2 and 3 dimensions by introducing an exact mapping onto an effective one-dimensional problem that we can solve with the density matrix renormalization group method (DMRG). We show a clear and departure from the conventional RKKY theory, and important differences that can be attributed to the dimensionality and geometry. We have found that there is a critical distance at which the Kondo effect dominates, translating into a finite range for the RKKY interaction. In particular, for dimension d>1, Kondo physics dominates even at short distances, while the ferromagnetic RKKY state is energetically unfavorable. Remarkably, in the case of impurities with higher spin S=1, both effects can co-exist: while the impurities are partially screened by the conduction electrons, an effective dangling spin S=1/2 is responsible for the entanglement between impurities.

  48. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Fictions, fluctuations and mean fields"

    Presented by Pasi Huovinen, Uniwersytet Wroclawski

    Tuesday, April 24, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    The difference between fluctuations and correlations as calculated using lattice QCD from the values evaluated using hadron resonance gas model, has been taken as an indication that there must be more resonance states then observed so far. In this talk I explore how the fluctuations and correlations change if I include the unobserved states (fictions) predicted by a quark model to the hadron resonance gas, and, on the other hand, how the fluctuations and correlations change if we include the repulsive interactions between baryons and antibaryons in the hadron resonance gas model using repulsive mean field.

  49. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Signal Processing in Single-Phase LArTPCs - Application at MicroBooNE"

    Presented by Brooke Russell, Yale University, Wright Laboratory

    Thursday, April 19, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) is a burgeoning detector technology with extensive use in existing and planned accelerator neutrino experiments. While engineering challenges in developing this technology have largely been overcome, high-quality reconstruction of the detailed topological and calorimetric information provided by the fine-grained drifted ionization charge signal is still in active development. In this talk, I describe a robust ionization charge extraction method developed at MicroBooNE and generically applicable to all single-phase LArTPC experiments. This technique accurately converts the raw digitized TPC waveforms into the number of ionization electrons from both induction and collection wire planes. The performance of cold electronics is critical to the success of signal extraction methods. I motivate how characterization and suppression of detector noise translates to signal processing proficiency. Finally, I relate the performance of signal processing to the context of MicroBooNE's physics goals and prospects to realize the promised capability of LArTPC detector technology.

  50. Physics Colloquium

    "Plasma science - From laboratory-fusion to astrophysical plasmas"

    Presented by Fatima Ebrahimi, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Princeton University

    Tuesday, April 17, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Our universe is immersed in magnetized plasma, electrically conducting ionized gas. Some of the most fundamental and long-standing astrophysical problems, such as the magnetization of the universe, collimation of astrophysical jets, the accretion process and transport in astrophysical disks (surrounding e.g. black holes) and their coronas can only be explored through plasma physics. Our sun as a natural laboratory for plasma physics provides inspiring as well as challenging problems, including its dynamo cycles, heating, and the replication of its core reaction, fusion energy, on earth in a lab. There is an abundance of observational/experimental data emerging from natural phenomena of space and astrophysical plasmas, as well as laboratory plasma experiments, for plasma physicists to explore. I will review some of these topics, in particular magnetic reconnection, the rearrangement of the magnetic ?field topology of plasmas, which energizes many processes in nature and has been shown to also be critical in the nonlinear dynamics of many processes in toroidal fusion plasmas. Using global simulations, I will demonstrate the instrumental role of magnetic reconnection, which enables an innovative technique for producing current in fusion plasmas.

  51. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First Results from CUORE - Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in 130Te"

    Presented by Karsten Heeger, Yale University, Wright Laboratory

    Thursday, April 12, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is a ton-scale cryogenic experiment at Gran Sasso National Laboratory designed to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0νββ) in tellurium-130. The experiment consists of 988 ultracold tellurium dioxide bolometric crystals, which act as both the double-beta decay sources and detectors. An observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would be direct evidence of lepton number violation and unambiguously prove that neutrinos are Majorana particles. This talk presents the first results from CUORE based on an exposure of 83.6 kg yr of tellurium dioxide. With this data we find no evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay and set the world-leading limit on the rate of 0νββ in 130Te

  52. Physics Colloquium

    "Quantum Chromodynamics in the Exascale Era with the Emergence of Quantum Computing"

    Presented by Martin Savage, University of Washington

    Tuesday, April 10, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    A century of coherent experimental and theoretical investigations uncovered the laws of nature that underly nuclear physics ? Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and the electroweak interactions. While analytic techniques of quantum field theory have played a key role in understanding the dynamics of matter in high energy processes, they become inapplicable to low-energy nuclear structure and reactions, and dense systems. Expected increases in computational resources into the exascale era will enable Lattice QCD calculations to determine a range of important strong interaction processes directly from QCD. However, important finite density systems, non equilibrium systems, and inelastic processes are expected to remain a challenge for conventional computation. In this presentation, I will discuss the state-of-the-art Lattice QCD calculations, progress that is expected in the near future, and the potential of quantum computing to address Grand Challenge problems in nuclear physics.

  53. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Dense nuclear and quark matter from holography"

    Presented by Andreas Schmitt, University of Southampton

    Friday, April 6, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    QCD at large, but not asymptotically large, baryon density presents an enormous theoretical challenge because first-principle calculations are nearly impossible. Phenomenologically, dense QCD is of great interest for the interior of neutron stars, in particular after the recent detection of gravitational waves from neutron star mergers. I will discuss a holographic approach to dense matter, making use of the Sakai-Sugimoto model, which can account for both nuclear matter and quark matter and the transition between them. In particular, nucleons are implemented as instantons in the bulk, and I will discuss certain approximations for many-nucleon matter based on the flat-space instanton solution and present the resulting phase diagrams.

  54. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Time for High Luminosity – a new Detector for ATLAS"

    Presented by Joern Lange, Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies (IFAE) Barcelona

    Thursday, April 5, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    To extend its physics reach, the Large Hadron Collider at CERN will be upgraded in 2024-2026 to deliver proton-proton collisions at 5-10 times higher luminosities than designed (HL-LHC). This will be a challenge for the ATLAS experiment that has to cope with higher particle densities, radiation and event pile-up of up to 200 interactions per bunch crossing. Apart from the planned exchange of the full inner tracker, a complete new detector is being proposed and developed to complement precise tracking with ultra-fast timing: the High Granularity Timing Detector (HGTD). It will exploit the fact that the primary vertices where the individual interactions take place are not only distributed in space, but also in time. Hence, measuring the time of each particle with about 30 ps precision allows to further suppress backgrounds from pile-up and restore the reconstruction performance of b-tagging, jets, isolated leptons and missing transverse energies, which is crucial for many physics analyses. The HGTD will cover a pseudo-rapidity range of 2.4 to 4.0 with a granularity of 1.3x1.3 mm2. It is only made possible by the rapid advance of a new silicon detector technology, namely Low Gain Avalanche Detectors (LGAD), which have been developed by CNM Barcelona and the CERN RD50 Collaboration and are now also produced by Hamamatsu, FBK, BNL and Micron. It has been shown that LGADs can fulfill the challenging HGTD requirements, especially also after the high radiation fluence levels expected at the end of life time of up to 5e15 neq/cm2. This presentation will motivate and introduce the HGTD and present the new LGAD sensor technology including performance measurements before and after irradiation. New developments such as 4D-tracking and possible other applications inside and outside High Energy Physics (forward detectors like AFP, low-energy X-rays, radio-therapy) will be discussed as well.

  55. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Plastic Deformation at the Nanoscale and Superconductivity Enhancement in Decompression"

    Presented by Bin Chen, Shanghai Laboratory of Center for High Pressure Science & Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China

    Thursday, April 5, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Plastic Deformation at the Nanoscale: Understanding the plastic deformation of nanocrystalline materials is a longstanding challenge [1,2]. Various controversial observations, mainly on the existence of dislocations and the mechanisms for a reversed Hall–Petch effect, have been reported. However, in situ observation of plastic deformation in ultrafine (sub-10 nm) nanocrystals has long been difficult, precluding the direct exploration of mechanics at the nanometer scale. By using a radial diamond-anvil cell (rDAC) x-ray diffraction technique we plastically deformed nickel to pressures above 35 GPa and observed that 1) dislocation-mediated deformation was still operative in as small as 3 nm nickel particles [3]; 2) 70 nm nickel particles were found to rotate more than any other grain size, signaling the reversal in the size dependence of grain rotation [4,5]; 3). Hall-Petch effect in nickel can be extended to 3 nm [6]. These observations demand considering the role of defects in the physical behaviors of nanomaterials. Superconductivity Enhancement in Decompression: An unexpected superconductivity enhancement was recently observed in decompressed In2Se3 [7]. The onset of superconductivity in In2Se3 occurred at 41.3 GPa with a critical temperature (Tc) of 3.7 K, peaking at 47.1 GPa. The striking observation shows that this layered chalcogenide remains superconducting during decompression down to 10.7 GPa. More surprisingly, the highest Tc in decompression was 8.2 K, a twofold increase in the same crystal structure as in compression. The novel decompression-induced superconductivity enhancement implies that it is possible to maintain pressure-induced superconductivity at lower or even ambient pressures with better superconducting performance. References: [1] B. Chen, et al., MRS Bulletin 41, 473 (2016). [2] H. K. Mao, et al., Matter and Radiation at Extremes, 1, 59 (2016). [3] B. Chen, et al., Science 338, 1448 (2012). [4] B. Chen, et al., Proc. Natl. Ac

  56. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "QCD crossover at zero and non-zero baryon densities"

    Presented by Patrick Steinbrecher, BNL

    Thursday, April 5, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  57. Physics Colloquium

    "Eigenstate thermalization and its implications to statistical mechanics"

    Presented by Anatoli Polkovnikov, Boston University

    Tuesday, April 3, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    In this talk I will overview recent developments in understanding quantum chaos through random matrix theory. I will discuss various conjectures on the nature of quantum stationary states in chaotic systems and show numerical evidence supporting them. It is the random nature of eigenstates, which ultimately leads to loss of information about initial conditions and leads to emergence of statistical mechanics in isolated systems. I will then introduce the so-called Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis (ETH) ansatz first proposed by J. Deutsch and M. Srednicki in 90th, which gives a unified framework for the structure of physical observable in quantum chaotic systems. I will demonstrate how the ETH ansatz naturally leads to emergence of various thermodynamic relations. At the end of the talk I will mention some open problems.

  58. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searches for squarks and gluinos with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Vakhtang Tsiskaridze, Stony Brook

    Thursday, March 29, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

  59. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Non-abelian symmetries and applications in tensor networks"

    Presented by Andreas Weichselbaum, Brookhaven National Lab

    Thursday, March 29, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    I will give a brief introduction to tensor network states with focus on exploiting all symmetries, abelian and non-abelian alike. I will briefly motivate a generic framework for finite-dimensional Lie algebras, which has been fully implemented in the tensor library QSpace [1]. The latter was already put under extensive scrutiny over the past couple of years. Along it already also gave rise to a range of excellent applications. Here, in particular, I will briefly highlight 1D density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations on SU(N) Heisenberg ladders, 2D projected entangled pair state (PEPS) simulations on Spin-1 Kagome [2], and infinite-dimensional dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) simulations on Hund's metals [3]. [1] A. Weichselbaum, Annals of Physics 327, 2972 (2012) [2] Liu et al., PRB 91 (R), 060403(R) (2015) [3] Stadler et al. PRL 115, 136401 (2015)

  60. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Accurate spectral calculations for testing electronic structures, low energy excitations, and vibronic interactions"

    Presented by Keith Gilmore, The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France

    Thursday, March 29, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is a relatively new technique for probing low energy excitations in materials. In addition to traditional techniques, such as angle resolved photoemission, it has become an important, high precision characterization tool of strongly correlated electron materials. To calculate RIXS, and related core and valence level spectra, we solve the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) based on a self-energy corrected density functional theory electronic structure. I outline our implementation of the BSE and use SrVO3 for demonstration. The sensitivity of spectral features to the self-energy approximation – whether G0W0, qpscGW, or DMFT – is highlighted. To include interactions beyond the usual BSE I introduce the cumulant expansion. Spectral functions derived from a GW self-energy are typically inadequate when the dressed Green's function is built via the Dyson equation. With the same GW self-energy, a superior Green's function and spectral function, implicitly including vertex corrections, is obtained through the cumulant expansion. I consider application of the GW-cumulant expansion to photoemission, photoabsorption, and X-ray scattering. Lastly, vibronic coupling has important impacts on these spectra. I show how to calculation the phonon contribution to photoemission, absorption and scattering with a vibronic cumulant.

  61. PubSci

    "PubSci: Nuclear Medicine for Personalized Cancer Treatment"

    Tuesday, March 27, 2018, 7 pm
    Napper Tandy's 60 E. Main Street Bay Shore, N

  62. Physics Colloquium

    "Particles Colliders: Past, Present and Future"

    Presented by Dmitri Denisov, Fermilab

    Tuesday, March 27, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Developments of the particle colliders over last 50 years have seen tremendous progress in both the energy of the collisions and the intensity of the colliding beams. In order to reach even higher collision energy many fundamental inventions in the colliders design have been achieved. Progress to even higher energies was strongly stimulated by physics interests in studying smaller and smaller distances and in creation of heavier and heavier elementary particles. Experiments at colliders required major breakthroughs in the particle detection methods in order to discover new particles such as c and t quarks, gluons, tau lepton, W, Z and Higgs bosons which completed currently expected set of elementary particles. Options for even higher energy colliders will be discussed, including their design parameters, acceleration principles as well as construction challenges. Such colliders is the only way to understand the Nature at even smaller distances and create particles with higher masses than we can reach today.

  63. Physics Colloquium

    "Nuclear lattice simulations"

    Presented by Dean Lee, Michigan State University

    Tuesday, March 20, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    This is an introduction to how atomic nuclei and other quantum few- and many-body systems can be studied using lattice simulations. The first part of the talk explains the basic formalism called lattice effective field theory. The rest of the talk is a discussion of novel methods and the new physics insights one gains with each. The methods discussed are the adiabatic projection method for scattering and reaction calculations, pinhole algorithm for probing structure and thermodynamic properties, and eigenvector continuation for extending calculations to regions of parameter space where things otherwise break down.

  64. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Spatial Resolution of Low-Loss EELS"

    Presented by R.F. Egerton, University of Alberta, Canada

    Tuesday, March 20, 2018, 2 pm
    Building 480 Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    Recent-generation TEM/STEM instruments fitted with an electron monochromator provide an energy resolution down to 0.01 eV for electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and are themselves capable of achieving a spatial resolution approaching 0.1 nm. Besides offering the possibility of vibrational-mode EELS for examining chemical bonds, these instruments could be useful for mapping the electronic properties (e.g. band gap) of insulators and semiconductors. However, basic physics imposes a spatial resolution of few nm (or tens of nm) for energy loss below 10 eV, due to delocalization of the inelastic scattering. We will discuss what might be done to improve the spatial resolution, to make low-loss EELS competitive with other techniques.

  65. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Probing the collectivity of heavy quarks in pPb collisions with prompt D0 elliptic flow using CMS detector"

    Presented by Zhenyu Chen, Rice University

    Tuesday, March 20, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Lijuan Ruan

    Recent years, evidence for collective effects has been revealed in pp and pPb collisions when looking at events releasing large number of particles. The experimental observations lead to a debate of the formation of strongly coupled Quark-Gluon Plasma in those small collision systems. Azimuthal anisotropy coefficient (vn) of heavy-flavor particles, and especially the comparison to light flavor particles vn, can shed light on the strength of the coupling between heavy flavor quarks and the hypothesized hydrodynamic medium at a significantly reduces size, and impose further constrains on different interpretations related to the origin of the observed collectivity. In this talk, the most recent results of prompt D0 meson elliptic flow (v2) in high-multiplicity pPb collisions are presented over a wide transverse momentum range. The results are compared to those of strange hadrons, including Kshort, Lambda, Cascade and Omega particles.

  66. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Correlators of twist-2 light-ray operators in the BFKL approximation"

    Presented by Ian Balitsky

    Friday, March 16, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    It is well known that BFKL gives anomalous dimensions of twist-2 operators of spin j in the "BFKL limit'' $g^2\righarrow 0,\omega\equiv j-1\righarrow 0,{g^2\over\omega}$ fixed. I demonstrate that such limit describes the non-local light-ray operators and present the results of calculation of two- and three-point correlation functions of these operators in this limit. The calculation is performed in ${\cal N}$=4 SYM but the result is valid in other gauge theories such as QCD.

  67. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Quantum dimer models for high temperature superconductors"

    Presented by Garry Goldstein, Cambridge University, United Kingdom

    Friday, March 16, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    In this talk we review the slave boson meanfield formulation of the fermion+boson quantum dimer model for the pseudogap phase of the high temperature superconductors. We show that in the presence of weak slowly varying external magnetic and electric fields the fermionic dimers undergo semiclassical motion in the external field. As a result in the presence of magnetic fields strong enough to destroy superconductivity the dimers undergo quantum oscillations. Indeed they satisfy Onsager quantization for their orbits and Lifshtiz-Kosevich formula for the amplitude of oscillations. We also compute the effective charges of the dimers in the presence of external magnetic fields as a function of temperature. We show that the effective magnetic charge changes sign from negative −e at low temperature to positive +e at high temperature. This leads to a change of the sign of the Hall coeÿcient as a function of temperature. We also compute the magnetoresistance as a function of the external field and temperature within a linearized Boltzmann equation approximation for the fermionic dimers. Furthermore we further show that the dimers undergo a Lifshitz transition as a function of doping with a van Hove singularity appearing at the Fermi surface near optimal doping ∼ 20%. Indeed the van Hove singularity leads to a divergence of the density of states and as such an optimum Tc. We study the interplay of nematic fluctuations and the van Hove singularity both of which occur near optimal doping. We show that the van Hove singularity modifies the critical properties of the QCP (quantum critical point) for nematic fluctuations and that the QCP may be described by Hertz Millis like theory with z = 4. This allows us to calculate the critical exponents of the nematic fluctuations and to show that the fermionic dimers have non-Fermi liquid behavior near the QCP with the self energy diverging ∼ |ω3/4| near the QCP.

  68. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Precision Measurements of Asymmetries and Spectra in Neutron Decay"

    Presented by Brad Plaster, University of Kentucky

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Precision measurements of various asymmetries in neutron decay permit an extraction of the weak axial-vector coupling constant, gA, a fundamental quantity important for weak-interaction physics and as a benchmark for lattice QCD calculations. I will discuss a recent new result from the UCNA Experiment at Los Alamos National Laboratory for a 0.16% precision result on gA from a measurement of the 'A' asymmetry, which represents the parity-violating angular correlation between the neutron's spin and the decay electron's momentum. This long-standing effort was carried out with a superconducting solenoidal electron spectrometer at the LANL Ultracold Neutron (UCN) facility. This new result will be placed in the context of historical results for gA and recent discrepant values for the neutron lifetime obtained via different experimental techniques. I will also discuss the first-ever extraction of the Fierz interference term 'b' in free neutron decay from an analysis of the electron's spectral shape as measured in the UCNA Experiment. A non-zero 'b' term would result from beyond-Standard Model interactions, such as Scalar or Tensor physics. Although the result for 'b' from the UCNA Experiment was systematics limited, it points to the requisite significant improvements in the characterization of the detector energy response that future experiments aimed at a measurement of 'b' will need to achieve in order to probe beyond Standard Model physics at a competitive precision.

  69. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Splitting of electrons and violation of the Luttinger sum rule"

    Presented by Eoin Quinn, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    We obtain a controlled description of a strongly correlated regime of electronic behaviour. We argue that there are two ways to characterise the electronic degree of freedom, either by the canonical fermion algebra or by the graded Lie algebra su(2|2). The first underlies the Fermi liquid description of correlated matter, and we identify a novel regime governed by the latter. We obtain the electronic spectral function within a controlled approximation, and find a splitting in two of the electronic band. The Luttinger sum rule is violated and a Mott metal-insulator transition is exhibited.

  70. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Hadronic light-by-light scattering in the muon g-2"

    Presented by Andreas Nyffeler, University of Mainz

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

  71. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Enabling emergent spin-orbit magnetism in iridate-based heterostructures"

    Presented by Jian Liu, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

    Thursday, March 15, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    5d transition metal oxides have emerged as a novel playground for some of the most outstanding and challenging problems in condensed matter physics, such as metal-insulator transition and quantum magnetism. In particular, layered iridates hosting square lattices of IrO6 octahedra have drawn significant interests due to the electronic and magnetic analogy with high-Tc cuprates. However, materials of this kind are limited to a few Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) compounds. In this talk, I will discuss our recent work on overcoming this bottleneck by constructing such two-dimensional (2D) structures confined in superlattices grown by heteroepitaxy. By leveraging the layering control of epitaxial growth, we are not only able to develop new structural variants of layered iridates, but also unravel and exploit the intriguing spin-orbit-driven 2D magnetism beyond the cuprate physics yet invisible in the RP iridates. The results demonstrate the power of this approach in tailing the exchange interactions, enabling new magnetic controls, and providing unique insights into the emergent phenomena of 5d electrons.

  72. Particle Physics Seminar

    "From first beam to particle physics discoveries with petabytes of data"

    Presented by Paul Laycock, CERN

    Monday, March 12, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The LHC experiments require huge, ever-increasing volumes of data to explore the frontiers of particle physics, and the grid provides the infrastructure to meet this challenge. Today, even medium sized experiments produce petabytes of data that need to be analysed by international collaborations and the relationship between particle physicists and their data has had to evolve to keep pace. Calibrating and systematically understanding detectors requires detailed information, deep learning algorithms promise to allow us to fully exploit our experiments, and on the other hand we want to analyse our data quickly and be the first to publish. This talk will first describe how, shortly after the Higgs discovery, ATLAS realised that the way that analysis was done had to change, and will briefly illustrate what those changes entailed. Next, the NA62 experiment will be described. Recording a billion events per day, NA62 aims to measure the very rare decay of a charged kaon to a charged pion and two neutrinos. The collaboration had to quickly implement petabyte scale data processing infrastructure to perform the sub-nanosecond calibrations needed to challenge the 10% precision of the theory prediction.

  73. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Yang-Mills action on the light front: MHV amplitudes and Wilson lines"

    Presented by Anna Stasto, Penn State

    Friday, March 9, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    The MHV action is the Yang-Mills action quantized on the light-front, where the two explicit physical gluonic degrees of freedom have been canonically transformed to a new set of fields. This transformation leads to the action with vertices being off-shell continuations of the MHV amplitudes. We show that the solution to the field transformation expressing one of the new fields in terms of the Yang-Mills field is a certain type of the Wilson line. More precisely, it is a straight infinite gauge link with a slope extending to the light-cone minus and the transverse direction. One of the consequences of that fact is that certain MHV vertices reduced partially on-shell are gauge invariant — a fact discovered before using conventional light-front perturbation theory. We also analyze the diagrammatic content of the field transformations leading to the MHV action. We found that the diagrams for the solution to the transformation (given by the Wilson line) and its inverse differ only by light-front energy denominators.

  74. Particle Physics Seminar

    "New neutrino oscillation results from NOvA"

    Presented by Jeremy Wolcott, Tufts University

    Thursday, March 8, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The NOvA experiment is an off-axis long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment using the NuMI $\nu_{\mu}$ beam originating at Fermilab. By examining the disappearance of muon neutrinos and the appearance of electron neutrinos between the near detector at Fermilab and the far detector in Ash River, MN, NOvA has the potential to help answer a number of fundamental questions: Are the neutrinos' masses ordered the same way as those of the charged leptons? Do leptons experience charge-parity violation? Are there underlying symmetries in the way the neutrino states mix with one another? In this talk I will present NOvA's most recent constraints on the answers to those questions utilizing muon neutrino disappearance and electron neutrino appearance. These updated results are based on a 50% increase in exposure relative to previous results as well as numerous simulation and analysis improvements.

  75. Physics Colloquium

    "Quantum simulation of gauge theories in optical lattices"

    Presented by Alexei Bazavov, Michigan State University

    Tuesday, March 6, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    hile non-perturbative approaches such as lattice gauge theory led to significant advances in understanding the physics of strong interactions, many problems remain out of reach for classical computation, in particular, real-time dynamics or properties of QCD at finite baryon density that are being explored in heavy-ion collision experiments. Recent advances in the technology of engineering custom interactions for ultra-cold atomic gases in optical lattices opened a possibility for quantum simulations as was envisioned by R. Feynman in the 1980s. The main idea is that the degrees of freedom of the original system are mapped onto a quantum Hamiltonian whose dynamics can be realized in a laboratory. Many condensed matter Hamiltonians, such as Bose-Hubbard model, have been recently studied in this way. Quantum simulation of gauge theories is however challenging since the gauge symmetry is not naturally present in the ultra-cold atomic systems. I will review the current status of theoretical proposals for quantum simulation of field theories and then focus on our recent work on an explicitly gauge-invariant formulation of the Abelian-Higgs model for simulation on optical lattices.

  76. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "Table-top MeV laser particle accelerator @ kHz repetition rate"

    Presented by Enam Chowdhury, Department of Physics, Ohio State University

    Tuesday, March 6, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    At the Extreme Light Lab at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Dayton, we explore light matter interaction at relativistic fields with liquid targets. Although demonstrations of up to 4 GeV1 electrons and ~100 MeV protons2 have been achieved in the past, all of these are not feasible as future accelerators, due to their slow duty cycle (usually single shot, rarely 1 Hz). There are many challenges to increasing the duty cycle, where laser technology, target technology, damage to system, target alignment, high repetition rate sub-micron plasma diagnostics provides nearly insurmountable obstacles. In this program, we developed ways to accelerate MeV x-rays, electrons3 and ions4 at kHz repetition rate with a small milli-joule class laser system, by developing a combination of suitable laser system, diagnostic system, target system and experimental data collection system capable of handling the high duty cycle. We also perform femtosecond-time resolution pump-probe imaging of the interaction, and extensive large scale relativistic laser plasma interaction simulations5 that reveal the nature of the acceleration processes. Such a system opens the door to extensive future application as a source for materials processing, radiation hardness testing, medical isotope production, time resolved proton probing on relativistic interactions, and many others.

  77. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Looking ahead to BESII: new observables and new theoretical frameworks"

    Presented by Yin Yi, MIT

    Tuesday, March 6, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jia Jiangyong

    Upcoming beam energy scan (BES) phase II will explore the QCD phase diagram with an unprecedented precision and would potentially discover the QCD critical point. I will discuss recent theoretical developments aim at maximizing the discovery potential of BESII from both phenomenological and formal perspectives. First, I will discuss new observables which are very sensitive to the presence of the QCD critical point and are possible due to the iTPC upgrade. In the second part, I will report recent progress on understanding and describing hydrodynamic fluctuations. Remarkably, effects of hydrodynamic fluctuations can be potentially important for precise determination of shear viscosity at top RHIC energy and would play a crucial role near the QCD critical point.

  78. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Quark / Antiquark Correlations in Heavy-Light Ion Collisions"

    Presented by Matt Sievert, LANL

    Friday, March 2, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    It has long been known that sub-nucleonic fluctuations of the energy density in the initial stages of heavy ion collisions play an important role in generating the observed distributions of particles and their flow. These energy density fluctuations are dominated by the radiation of small-x gluons which are populated to classically large occupation numbers in the wave functions of ultra-relativistic heavy ions. While these soft gluons dominate the initial conditions for the energy density, it is quark production which determines the initial conditions of other conserved charges, like flavor and baryon number. With the recent development of state-of-the art hydrodynamics codes tailored to the Beam Energy Scan which can propagate these conserved charges into the final state, it is timely and important to calculate the initial conditions of these conserved charges from first principles in QCD. In this talk, I will present new results for the spatial correlations among quarks and antiquarks produced at mid-rapidity by pair production from small-x gluons. This single-pair production mechanism, which has been studied for some time in momentum space, is the leading contribution to these correlations in coordinate space for dilute-dense collisions. As one moves from the dilute-dense regime toward the dense-dense regime, correlations due to double pair production become more important, and these correlations persist over larger length scales than the single-pair production mechanism. Over nonperturbative length scales, only the correlations from the overlap geometry remain. I will present explicit results for quark-antiquark correlations due to single pair production, and I will outline some preliminary results for the various double-pair production mechanisms. The ultimate goal of this work will be to construct a code which can initialize these conserved charges over all length scales in heavy-ion collisions.

  79. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "3D non-Fermi liquid behavior from 1D critical local moments"

    Presented by Laura Classen, BNL

    Thursday, March 1, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    We study the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity in a system composed of critical spin chains interacting with three dimensional conduction electrons and driven to criticality via an external magnetic field. The relevant experimental system is Yb2Pt2Pb, a metal where itinerant electrons coexist with localized moments of Yb-ions which can be described in terms of effective S = 1/2 spins with dominantly one-dimensional exchange interaction. The spin subsystem becomes critical in a relatively weak magnetic field, where it behaves like a Luttinger liquid. We theoretically examine a Kondo lattice with different effective space dimensionalities of the two interacting sub-systems. We characterize the corresponding non-Fermi liquid behavior due to the "local criticality" from the spins by calculating the electronic relaxation rate and the dc resistivity and establish its quasi linear temperature dependence.

  80. High-Energy Physics & RIKEN Theory Seminar

    "Preparing High Energy Physics Software for the Future - the Community White Paper"

    Presented by Dr. Benedikt Hegner, CERN, Switzerland

    Wednesday, February 28, 2018, 12 pm
    Seminar Room, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Eric Lancon

    Particle physics has an ambitious and broad experimental program for the coming decades. This program requires large investments in detector hardware, either to build new facilities and experiments, or to upgrade existing ones. Similarly, it requires commensurate investment into R&D of software to acquire, manage, process, and analyses the shear amounts of data to be recorded. In planning for the High Luminosity LHC in particular, it is critical that all of the collaborating stakeholders agree on the software goals and priorities, and that their efforts complement each other. In this spirit, the High Energy Physics community has created a white paper (arXiv:1712.06982) to describe and define the R&D activities required in order to prepare for this software upgrade. This presentation describes the expected software and computing challenges, and the plans to address them that are laid out in the white paper.

  81. Physics Colloquium

    "The Multi-Messenger Picture of a Neutron Star Merger"

    Presented by Brian Metzger, Columbia University

    Tuesday, February 27, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    On August 17 the LIGO/Virgo gravitational wave observatories detected the first binary neutron star merger event (GW170817), a discovery followed by the most ambitious electromagnetic (EM) follow-up campaign ever conducted. A gamma-ray burst (GRB) of short duration and very low luminosity was discovered by the Fermi and INTEGRAL satellites within 2 seconds of the merger. Within 11 hours, a bright but rapidly-fading thermal optical counterpart was discovered in the galaxy NGC 4993 at a distance of only 40 Mpc. The properties of the optical transient match remarkably well predictions for kilonova emission powered by the radioactive decay of heavy nuclei synthesized in the expanding merger ejecta by the r-process. The rapid spectral evolution of the kilonova emission to near-infrared wavelengths demonstrates that a portion of the ejecta contains heavy lanthanide nuclei. Two weeks after the merger, rising non-thermal X-ray and radio emission were detected from the position of the optical transient, consistent with delayed synchrotron afterglow radiation from an initially off-axis relativistic jet with the properties consistent with those of (on-axis) cosmological short GRB. I will describe a unified scenario for the range of EM counterparts from GW170817 and their implications for the astrophysical origin of the r-process and the properties of neutron stars. I will preview the upcoming era of multi-messenger astronomy, once Advanced LIGO/Virgo reach design sensitivity and a neutron star merger is detected every few weeks.

  82. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Drell-Yan process beyond collinear approximation"

    Presented by Stebel Tomasz, BNL

    Thursday, February 22, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  83. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological Spin Excitations in a Highly Interconnected 3D Spin Lattice"

    Presented by Yuan Li, International Center for Quantum Materials, Peking University, China

    Thursday, February 22, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    The recent discovery of topological semimetals, which possess distinct electron-band crossing with non-trivial topological characteristics, has stimulated intense research interest. By extending the notion of symmetry-protected band crossing into one of the simplest magnetic groups, namely by including the symmetry of time-reversal followed by space-inversion, we predict the existence of topological magnon-band crossing in three-dimensional (3D) collinear antiferromagnets. The crossing takes on the forms of Dirac points and nodal lines, in the presence and absence, respectively, of the conservation of the total spin along the ordered moments. In a concrete example of a Heisenberg spin model for a "spin-web" compound, we theoretically demonstrate the presence of Dirac magnons over a wide parameter range using linear spin-wave approximation, and obtain the corresponding topological surface states [1]. Inelastic neutron scattering experiments have been carried out to detect the bulk magnon-band crossing in a single-crystal sample. The highly interconnected nature of the spin lattice suppresses quantum fluctuations and facilitates our experimental observation, leading to remarkably clean experimental data and very good agreement with the linear spin-wave calculations. The predicted topological band crossing is confirmed [2]. [1] K. Li et al., PRL 119, 247202 (2017). [2] W. Yao et al., arXiv:1711.00632.

  84. Particle Physics Seminar

    "21-cm cosmology topics"

    Presented by Dr. Francisco Villaescusa-Navarro, Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute

    Thursday, February 15, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chris Sheehy

  85. Physics Colloquium

    "The Social Life of Heavy Quarks"

    Presented by Marek Karliner, Tel Aviv University

    Tuesday, February 13, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    I will discuss recent developments regarding new types of hadrons involving heavy quarks: hadronic molecules, doubly heavy baryons, stable tetraquarks and others. I will also explain how the discovery of the doubly heavy baryon leads to quark-level analogue of nuclear fusion, with energy release per reaction an order of magnitude greater than in ordinary fusion.

  86. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Nematic superconductivity in topological materials"

    Presented by Matt Smylie, Argonne National Laboratory

    Tuesday, February 13, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Genda Gu

    In a topological superconductor, a bulk superconducting gap induces a symmetry-protected gapless superconducting surface state. This surface state can host exotic Majorana zero modes, which are expected to revolutionize computation technology through energy-efficient fault-tolerant quantum computing. In this talk, we will discuss the search for bulk topological superconductors and the discovery of nematic superconductivity in MxBi2Se3 (M=Cu,Sr,Nb), where the superconducting system spontaneously breaks rotational symmetry at Tc. The nematic superconducting state and possible origins of the rotational symmetry breaking will be explored, with many conventional causes being eliminated.

  87. Computational Science Initiative Event

    "Physics Informed Machine Learning"

    Presented by Michael (Mischa) Chertkov, Los Alamos National Lab

    Tuesday, February 13, 2018, 10:30 am
    Seminar Room, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Frank Alexander

    Machine Learning (ML) capabilities are in a phase of tremendous growth, and there is great opportunity to point these tools toward physical modeling. The challenge is to incorporate domain expertise from traditional scientific discovery into next-generation ML models. We propose to develop new Physics Informed Machine Learning (PIML) algorithms that extend cutting-edge computational and algorithmic ML tools and merge them with physical knowledge in the form of constraints, symmetries, and domain expertise regarding effective degrees of freedom. This PIML methodology is illustrated on the following four enabling examples: 1. Topology and Parameter Estimation in Power Grids [based on arXiv:1710.10727] 2. Creating Turbulent Flows with Deep Learning [based on an APS/DFD2017 abstract] 3. Learning Graphical Models [Science 2018 in print; arXiv:1612.05024] 4. Renormalization of Tensor Networks (Graphical Models) [based on arXiv:1801.01649 and ICML2018 submission]

  88. Joint Nuclear Theory and HET Seminar

    "TeV Scale Lepton Number Violation: Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay & the LHC"

    Presented by Michael Ramsey-Musolf, U. Mass. Amherst

    Friday, February 9, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Christopher Murphy

  89. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Biased nuclear gluon distribution from a reweighted JIMWLK small-x ensemble"

    Presented by Adrian Dumitru, Baruch College/BNL

    Thursday, February 8, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  90. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "New nonperturbative scales and glueballs in confining gauge theories"

    Presented by Mohamed Anber, Lewis & Clark College

    Friday, February 2, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Studying confining gauge theories on a circle can provide answers to some of the deepest questions about QCD. In this talk, I start by summarizing the main characteristics shared by the compactified theories and their four dimensional cousins. Next, I show that the glueball spectrum of the compactified theories is much richer than what have been thought before. In particular, new nonperturbative scales and glueballs emerge in the deep IR regime of the theory. I discuss the spectrum in the context of super Yang-Mills and show that the lightest glueball states fill a chiral supermultiplet with doubly nonperturbative binding energy. I end with possible implications of these findings for the four dimensional gauge theories.

  91. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "Combining high energy x-ray diffraction techniques with laser-induced fluorescence in operando catalysis"

    Presented by Uta Hejral, Lund University, Sweden

    Friday, February 2, 2018, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg. 743 Rm 156

    Hosted by: M. Abeykoon, S. Chodankar, B. Ocko, T. Tanabe, J. Thieme

  92. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The Coulomb Branch of N=4 SYM and Its Gravity dual as a New Holographic Model to QCD"

    Presented by Kiminad Mamo, Stony Brook

    Thursday, February 1, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

  93. Joint BNL / SBU Seminar

    "New SM Physics and the LHC"

    Presented by Yuval Grossman, Cornell University

    Wednesday, January 31, 2018, 2:30 pm
    Stony Brook University YITP

  94. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Establishing Jeff =3/2 Ground State in a Lacunar Spinel GaTa4Se8"

    Presented by Myung Joon Han, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

    Wednesday, January 31, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Sangkook Choi

    In this talk, after briefly introducing the research activities in my group, I will present our recent progress on GaTa4Se8 which is known as a 'paramagnetic Mott' insulator and exhibits superconducting transition under pressure. Its low temperature behaviors found in susceptibility and specific heat measurement have not yet been clearly understood. The important first step to study these intriguing phenomena and the relationship between them is to clarify the nature of its electronic and magnetic property. By using first-principles band structure calculation and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering technique, we show that GaTa4Se8 is a novel 'Jeff=3/2 Mott' insulator in which spin-orbit interaction plays a key role to form a gap together with electronic correlation. The excitations involving the Jeff = 1/2 molecular orbital are absent only at the Ta L2 edge, manifesting the realization of the molecular Jeff = 3/2 ground state in GaTa4Se8. Based on this finding, the possible consequences of the Jeff = 3/2 state will be discussed

  95. Physics Colloquium

    "Fast Radio Bursts"

    Presented by Jeff Peterson, Carnegie Mellon University

    Tuesday, January 30, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Fast Radio Bursts are millisecond flashes of radio emission that appear randomly across the sky. Since the first report of a burst in 2006, over 20 of these FRBs have been reported. I will review the evidence that FRB sources are at cosmological distances and therefore have inferred brightness temperatures as high as 10^35 K, twenty orders of magnitude higher than gamma ray bursts. The all-sky rate of these events is estimated to be about 5000 per day, so the new HIRAX telescope in South Africa will have the potential to detect 10 events per day. HIRAX will also localize the emission to a single galaxy, so there will be much more information on these mysterious objects in the next few years.

  96. Joint Nuclear and Particle Physics Seminar

    "The SNOLAB Science Programme: cutting-edge science from a deep hole in the ground"

    Presented by Nigel Smith, SNOLab

    Tuesday, January 30, 2018, 1:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hong Ma

    SNOLAB is a deep underground research facility, hosted 2km beneath the surface of the Earth in a working mine at Creighton, near Sudbury, Ontario. Initially the site of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, which unambiguously demonstrated flavour-change in neutrinos created in the fusion process of the Sun, SNOLAB now hosts a multi-disciplinary programme. Why do we need to go to such great depths to probe the Universe? This work, and several of the major questions studied in contemporary astro-particle and sub-atomic physics, such as the search for the Galactic dark matter, and studies of neutrinos from supernova, require the ultra-quiet radiation environment afforded by deep underground facilities like SNOLAB. In these facilities, the cosmic-radiation induced backgrounds in the detection systems are reduced to a manageable level, with additional shielding from natural ambient radioactivity and low background construction of detector systems. This talk will provide a review of the science programme at SNOLAB outlining the main science objectives, will review the detectors used for these studies, and outline future plans for the facility.

  97. Particle Physics Seminar

    "A Tale of Two Higgs"

    Presented by Baojia Tong, Harvard University

    Thursday, January 25, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    An enhanced production of double Higgs bosons at the LHC would be a clear sign of beyond Standard Model physics. An ATLAS search is performed for resonant and non-resonant production, where the two Higgs bosons both decay to a pair of Bottom quarks. The analyses use up to ~13/36 fb−1 of p-p collision data collected at 13 TeV. The talk will focus on the boosted analysis, with the resolved analysis introduced as well. Other RunII double Higgs search results and future prospect will also be discussed.

  98. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Exact results on massless 3-flavor QCD through new anomaly matching"

    Presented by Yuya Tanizaki, RBRC

    Thursday, January 25, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    Recently, we find a new 't Hooft anomaly of massless 3-flavor QCD, and it turns out to be useful for constraining the possible chiral symmetry breaking at finite density and zero temperature. We briefly review the anomaly matching by a toy example, and show that massless 3-flavor QCD has an 't Hooft anomaly related to ''center'' and discrete axial symmetries. We also discuss its consequences on the expectation value of the special symmetry-twisting operator, which gives the phase diagram of so-called Z(3)-QCD.

  99. Physics Colloquium

    "Cold Atom Sensing: Gravity, Tomography, and Gyroscopes"

    Presented by Steve Libby, LLNL

    Tuesday, January 23, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    The ability to use lasers to cool atoms to micro-kelvin temperatures and to subsequently control their quantum mechanical behavior1 has led to the development of exquisitely precise 'quantum' sensors.2 Applications of these sensors include the measurement of local gravitational anomalies to unprecedented accuracy and very accurate, highly stable gyroscopes. Our LLNL - AOSense, Inc. collaboration is pursuing diverse applications of these sensors that directly exploit their extraordinary scale factor stability, low noise and bias drift characteristics. These applications include shielded threat detection in passing vehicles, emergency response, and treaty verification, all of which require rapid, passive methods to determine hidden mass configurations precisely and/or verify the masses present in containers. Such dense, localized objects can in principle be discovered and accurately measured by their effect on the local gravitational field.3 Furthermore, near field measurements of these gravitational perturbations from multiple vantage points allow for a kind of gravitational 'tomography,' leading to the real-time determination of the hidden mass distribution. Additionally, we are interested in the potential of atom interferometer Sagnac gyroscopes to do accurate 'dead reckoning' navigation without the aid of GPS.4 After reviewing the physics of atom interferometry in atomic fountain-Mach-Zehnder and Sagnac configurations, I will describe the development of a 'gravity tomography' signal analysis system for vehicle portals, including the optimal synthesis of the gravitational sensor signals with complementary radiation detection.

  100. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Probing the Quark-Gluon Plasma with Open Heavy Flavor Mesons using CMS detector"

    Presented by Professor Yen-Jie Lee, MIT

    Tuesday, January 23, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rongrong Ma

    The measurements of heavy flavor production and collective flow could be used to extract the properties of the high-density QCD medium created in heavy-ion collisions as heavy quarks are sensitive to the transport properties of the medium and may interact with the QCD matter differently from light quarks. In particular, the comparison between the nuclear modification factors (RAA) of light- and heavy-flavor particles provides insights into the expected flavor dependence of in-medium parton energy loss. Furthermore, azimuthal anisotropy coefficient (vn) of heavy-flavor particles provide information about the degree of the thermalization of the bulk medium at low pT, and unique information about the path length dependence of heavy quark energy loss at high pT. Recently, a comprehensive heavy flavor program is established in the CMS collaboration including the detection of charm and beauty meson. Using the large statistics heavy ion data samples collected during the 2015 and 2016 LHC runs, high precision open charm and beauty measurements are performed with CMS over a wide transverse momentum range. This allows us to set an important milestone in our understanding of the interactions between heavy quarks and the medium. In this talk, the most recent results of v2 and v3 of D0 mesons in PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV are presented and compared to the same results for charged hadrons at the same energy. Latest results on nuclear modification factor of D, non-prompt J/psi and B mesons in PbPb collisions are also presented.

  101. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Spin-orbit coupling and electronic correlations in Hund's metals: Sr2RuO4"

    Presented by Minjae Kim, École Polytechnique, France

    Monday, January 22, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Gabi Kotliar

    We investigate the interplay of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and Hund's rule coupling driven electronic correlations in Sr2RuO4 using dynamical mean-field theory. We find that the orbital diagonal components of the dynamical electronic correlations are unaffected by the SOC, which validates the concept of a Hund's metal in the presence of SOC. In contrast, SOC itself is enhanced by approximately a factor of two by electronic correlations. We introduce the concept of an energy dependent quasiparticle SOC, which is found to be essential in accounting simultaneously for: (i) the Fermi surface (ii) the low-energy dispersion of quasiparticles and (iii) the splitting between bands at higher binding energy. Our calculations are in good agreement with available experimental data. References: [1-4] [1] C. Veenstra et al., Physical Review Letters 112, 127002 (2014) [2] M. Haverkort et al., Physical Review Letters 101, 026406 (2008) [3] J. Mravlje et al., Physical Review Letters 106, 096401 (2011) [4] M. Kim et al., arXiv preprint arXiv:1707.02462 (2017)

  102. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Semi-inclusive jet cross sections within SCET"

    Presented by Felix Ringer, LBL

    Friday, January 19, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    We review the de nition of semi-inclusive jet functions within Soft Collinear E ective Theory (SCET) and their application to inclusive jet cross sections. We consider the fully inclusive production cross section of jets as well as several jet substructure observables in proton-proton collisions relevant for the LHC and RHIC. The corresponding semi-inclusive jet functions satisfy renormalization group (RG) equations which take the form of standard timelike DGLAP evolution equations, analogous to collinear fragmentation functions. By solving these RG equations, the resummation of potentially large single logarithms n s lnn R can be achieved. We present numerical results at NLO+NLLR accuracy and compare to the available data.

  103. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Search for the Higgs boson produced in association with top quarks and decaying into a b quark pair with the ATLAS detector at LHC"

    Presented by Thomas Calvet, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, January 18, 2018, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The discovery of a particle compatible with the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson in 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at LHC is a milestone in particle physics. In order to assess whether or not this Higgs boson belongs to the SM, it is necessary to measure its properties, in particular its coupling to the top quark (the strongest Yukawa coupling in the SM). The associated production of a Higgs boson with a pair of top quarks, ttH gives the most favorable direct access to the top quark Yukawa coupling and is accessible for the first time in LHC Run 2. A search for the ttH production with the Higgs boson decaying into a b quark pair, ttH(bb), will be presented. It uses the 36.1 fb^-1 of data recorded by the ATLAS detector in 2015 and 2016. The main limitation to the search of ttH(bb) events is the tt+jets background and its systematic uncertainties. To achieve sufficient sensitivity, this complex analysis relies on several advanced tools to separate the leading background tt+jets from the signal, and to extract both of these processes from data (multi-variate analysis, profile likelihood fit, etc.). All these key aspects of the analysis will be discussed. The combination of the ttH(bb) channel with the other decay modes is necessary to improve the sensitivity to the ttH production mode. This combination leads to 4.2 sigma evidence of the ttH production and will be also presented.

  104. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "World-line Approach to Chiral Kinetic Theory and the Chiral Magnetic Effect"

    Presented by Niklas Mueller, BNL

    Thursday, January 18, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 1-224

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    Experimental searches for messengers of CP- and P- odd phenomena at RHIC and LHC have attracted much interest and are a prime motivation for significant theoretical effort: Anomalous and topological effects receive important contributions from the pre-equilibrium phase of a collision and an interesting question of phenomenological relevance is how the chiral imbalance generated at early times persists through a fluctuating background of sphalerons in addition to other "non-anomalous" interactions with the QGP. To address this question, we construct a relativistic chiral kinetic theory using the world-line formulation of quantum field theory. We outline how Berry's phase arises in this framework, and how its effects can be clearly distinguished from those arising from the chiral anomaly. We further outline how this framework can be matched to classical statistical simulations at early times and to anomalous chiral hydrodynamics at late times.

  105. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Understanding the Structure and Dynamics of Long-Duration Floods using Physics Informed Bayesian Multilevel Models"

    Presented by Naresh Devineni, CUNY

    Thursday, January 18, 2018, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Bob McGraw

    Long duration floods cause substantial damage and prolonged interruptions to water resource facilities, critical infrastructure, and regional economic development. We present a novel physics-based model for inference of such floods with a deeper understanding of dynamically integrated nexus of land surface wetness, effective atmospheric blocking/circulation, and moisture transport/release mechanism. Diagnostic results indicate that the flood duration is varying in proportion to the antecedent flow condition which itself is a function of the available moisture in the air, the persistency in atmospheric pressure blocking, convergence of water vapor, and the effectiveness of divergent wind to condense the aforesaid atmospheric water vapor into liquid precipitation. A physics-based Bayesian inference model is developed that considers the complex interactions between moisture transport, synoptic-to-large-scale atmospheric blocking/circulation pattern, and the antecedent wetness condition in the basin. We explain more than 80% variations in flood duration with a high success rate on the occurrence of long duration floods. Our findings underline that the synergy between a large persistent low-pressure blocking system and a higher rate of divergent wind often triggers a long duration flood, even in the presence of moderate moisture supply in the atmosphere. This condition in turn causes an extremely long duration flood if the basin-wide surface wetness prior to the flood event was already high.

  106. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    ""In situ characterization of the phase behavior of metal oxides at extreme conditions""

    Presented by Leighanne Gallington, Argonne National Laboratory

    Wednesday, January 17, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    In situ characterization of the phase behavior of materials in the lab is complicated by the difficulty of designing compatible sample environments as well as the long time scales required to acquire diffraction data with sufficient counting statistics for crystallographic analyses. The high energy x-rays available at synchrotron sources allow for penetration of most sample environments, while high flux allows for rapid acquisition of diffraction patterns, thereby allowing construction of detailed phase diagrams. Low and negative thermal expansion (NTE) materials have been studied extensively, as they can potentially be used to create composites with finely controlled thermal expansion characteristics, improved resistance to thermal shock, and a broader range of operating temperatures.1-4 While the thermal expansion behavior of the NTE materials ZrW2O8 and HfW2O8 was well-described at ambient pressures,4-6 knowledge of the effects of stress on their thermal expansion was limited.7 In situ synchrotron powder diffraction was utilized to explore the role of orientational disorder in determining both the phase behavior and the thermoelastic properties of these materials. An especially designed pressure cell allowed for simultaneous sampling of temperatures up to 513 K and pressures up to 414 MPa.8 Reversible compression-induced orientational disordering of MO4 tetrahedra occurred concomitantly with elastic softening on heating and enhanced negative thermal expansion upon compression in ZrW2O8 and HfW2O8, but only in the ordered phase.9, 10 In light of the comparatively recent nuclear disaster in Fukushima, understanding interactions and phase behavior in nuclear fuels under severe accident conditions is of paramount interest. While diffraction measurements have been performed on materials recovered from melts of corium (UO2-ZrO2), there is a lack of in situ characterization of this material at elevated temperatures. Achieving the extreme temperatures required

  107. Physics Colloquium

    "Nuclear nonproliferation: the role of Brookhaven, and the nuclear agreement with Iran"

    Presented by Susan Pepper & Leslie Fishbone, BNL

    Tuesday, January 16, 2018, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

  108. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Improved Point Source Detection in Crowded Fields using Probabilistic Cataloguing"

    Presented by Stephen Portillo, Harvard University

    Tuesday, January 16, 2018, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

    Cataloging is challenging in crowded fields because sources are extremely covariant with their neighbors and blending makes even the number of sources ambiguous. We present the first optical probabilistic stellar catalogue, cataloguing a crowded (~0.1 sources per pixel) SDSS r band image from M2. We show that our probabilistic catalogue goes more than a magnitude deeper than the DAOPHOT while having a lower false discovery rate brighter than 20th magnitude. We detail our efforts to speed up the method and extend it to galaxies, making probabilistic cataloguing applicable to the data that will be collected in the LSST era.

  109. HET Lunch Discussions

    "Precision physics in the LHC era"

    Presented by Pier Paolo Giardino, BNL

    Friday, January 12, 2018, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

  110. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Singular density fluctuations in the strange metal phase of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x observed with momentum-resolved EELS (M-EELS)"

    Presented by Peter Abbamonte, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign

    Friday, January 12, 2018, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    High-temperature superconductivity arises out of an anomalous normal state commonly referred to as a "bad" or "strange" metal, since it lacks the usual signatures of electron quasiparticles. In ordinary metals, such quasiparticles manifest as propagating collective modes encoded in the dynamic charge susceptibility ??(q,?), which describes the response of the system to applied fields. However, the analogous collective modes of a strange metal are currently unknown. Here, we present the first measurement of ??(q,?) for a prototypical strange metal, Bi2.1Sr1.9CaCu2O8+x (BSCCO), using momentum-resolved inelastic electron scattering (M-EELS). We discover a surprising energy- and momentum-independent continuum of fluctuations extending up to 1 eV, at odds with the dispersive plasmons expected in normal metals. This spectrum is found to be temperature-independent across the superconducting phase transition at optimal doping. Tuning the composition to overdoping, where a crossover to Fermi liquid behavior is expected, this momentum-independent continuum is found to persist, though a 0.5 eV gap-like feature now emerges at low temperature. Our results indicate that the phenomenon underlying the strange metal is a singular form a charge dynamics of a new kind, that does not fit into any known picture of quantum critical scaling.

  111. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Bose condensation of excitons in TiSe2"

    Presented by Peter Abbamonte, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

    Thursday, January 11, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    Bose condensation has shaped our understanding of macroscopic quantum phenomena, having been realized in superconductors, atomic gases, and liquid helium. Excitons are bosons that have been predicted to condense into either a superfluid or an insulating electronic crystal. But definitive evidence for a thermodynamically stable exciton condensate has never been achieved. In this talk I will describe our use of momentum-resolved electron energy-loss spectroscopy (M-EELS) to study the valence plasmon in the transition metal dichalcogenide semimetal, 1T-TiSe2. Near the phase transition temperature, TC = 190 K, the plasmon energy falls to zero at nonzero momentum, indicating dynamical slowing down of plasma fluctuations and crystallization of the valence electrons into an exciton condensate. At low temperature, the plasmon evolves into an amplitude mode of this electronic crystal. Our study represents the first observation of a soft plasmon in any material, the first definitive evidence for exciton condensation in a three-dimensional solid, and the discovery of a new form of matter, "excitonium."

  112. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Three-dimensional gauge theories using lattice regularization"

    Presented by Nikhil Karthik

    Thursday, January 11, 2018, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Yuya Tanizaki

    Three-dimensional gauge theories with massless fermions provide a simple yet non-perturbative setting to understand why QCD has a scale, and also provide effective descriptions of condensed matter systems. Along these lines, I will present results on infra-red scaling and scale-breaking in three-dimensional QED, QCD and large-Nc theories. I will also present some preliminary results on three-dimensional QED with one flavor of fermion regulated with and without parity anomaly.

  113. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    ""Photoemission studies of the electronic properties of rare-earth intermetallics and oxide interface""

    Presented by Alla Chikina, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland

    Monday, January 8, 2018, 3 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Longer than 70 years solid state research has been focused on the study of materials with strong electron correlations due to their remarkable electronic and magnetic properties. In such systems, the average energy of the Coulomb interaction is greater or comparable to its kinetic energy and electrons tend to be localized. This localization is strong enough that electrons can be considered in the framework of the atomic approach. Interaction with itinerant electrons makes the interpretation of their physical properties more complicated. A typical example of a strongly-correlated system contains transition and rare earth (RE) elements. Here, I present both theoretical and experimental insight into the itinerant-localized electron interaction in rare-earth 122 silicides (RERh2Si2). The properties of RERh2Si2 change from the heavy-fermion behavior in YbRh2Si2 up to well-pronounced magnetic properties in EuRh2Si2 and GdRh2Si2. The competition between the Kondo effect and the magnetic RKKY interactions determines the properties of a large class of materials which have localized 4f magnetic moments coupled to itinerant valence electrons. The strong electron correlations, also well known in the transition metal oxides, rise up their remarkable functional and magnetic properties. It gives a route in a manipulation of electron, spin, orbital and lattice degrees of freedom for novel electronic and spintronic devices based on oxide interfaces. An important role in the electronic and magnetic properties of this interface is played by oxygen vacancies which form a dichotomic electron system where strongly correlated localized electrons in the in-gap states (IGSs) coexist with less correlated ones constituting the mobile two-dimensional electron system (2DES). On the example of the interface between LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 we consider a complex band ordering in the dichotomic LAO/STO electron system that goes beyond the conventional eg vs t2g picture.

  114. Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Thermodynamics of string bits"

    Presented by Sourav Raha, University of Florida

    Monday, January 8, 2018, 11 am
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    We study the Hagedorn transition in the singlet sector of the simplest super-string bit model in the tensionless limit. The gauge group of our model is SU(N) and this transition takes place when N is infinite. We use orthogonality of group characters in order to calculate the partition function. At the Hagedorn temperature there is a change in the distribution of parameters that maximize this partition function. We conclude by devising a field-theoretic interpretation of the this phenomenon.

  115. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Thermodynamics of string bits"

    Presented by Sourav Raha, University of Florida

    Friday, January 5, 2018, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    We study the Hagedorn transition in the singlet sector of the simplest super-string bit model in the tensionless limit. The gauge group of our model is SU(N) and this transition takes place when N is infinite. We use orthogonality of group characters in order to calculate the partition function. At the Hagedorn temperature there is a change in the distribution of parameters that maximize this partition function. We conclude by devising a field-theoretic interpretation of the this phenomenon.

  116. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Illuminating rationally engineered complex oxides"

    Presented by Derek Meyers, BNL

    Friday, January 5, 2018, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    Advances in unit cell scale synthesis have unlocked the ability to create artificial materials at the interface of complex oxides. This opens the door to the rational design of materials properties. To explore the spin, charge, and orbital character of these synthetic materials, resonant x-ray scattering techniques are utilized which unveil their long-range ordering and low energy excitations. In this talk, we will explore several recent examples of this new methodology and provide an outlook on the future of this emergent field.

  117. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Spin fluctuations in 122 transition metal arsenides measured using inelastic neutron scattering technique"

    Presented by Aashish Sapkota, Ames Laboratory

    Thursday, December 21, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: John Tranquada

    122 transition metal compounds with ThCr2Si2-type structure have been extensively studied because of their wide range of interesting physical properties like superconductivity, valence fluctuations, various magnetic ground states, etc. A subset (ATM2Pn2) of this class consisting of alkaline earth metals (A), 3d transition metals (TM) and pnictogen (Pn) attracted significant interest after discovery of an unconventional superconductivity in 122 iron arsenide compounds. In 122 iron arsenide superconductors, magnetism is in close proximity to the superconductivity and the spin fluctuations are considered as a key component for the pairing mechanism for superconductivity. These properties as well as the wide range of magnetic ground states, found in ATM2As2, motivated a detail studies of the magnetism in these compounds and neutron scattering technique has been extensively used for the study. In this seminar, I will discuss our results of inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the spin fluctuations in two compounds [CaCo1.86As2 and Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2] of ATM2Pn2 class. First, I will discuss extremely extended spin fluctuations along two directions of reciprocal space in CaCo1.86As2, which shows A-type antiferromagnetic ground states. The result suggests that CaCo1.86As2 is highly-frustrated and is a unique example of highly-frustrated square-lattice system. Next, I will discuss the evolution of the spin fluctuations in Co-doped CaFe2As2 and compare it to that of Co-doped BaFe2As2. In this part, I will also discuss a peculiar suppression of the spin fluctuations with temperature observed in Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2, x = 0.030 compound, which shows superconducting ground state.

  118. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Simultaneous extraction of spin-dependent parton distributions"

    Presented by Nobuo Sato, Jlab/University of Connecticut

    Friday, December 15, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrey Tarasov

    In this talk, I will present a recent global QCD analysis of spin-dependent PDFs and FFs using a MC methodology by the Jefferson Angular Momentum collaboration (JAM).

  119. HET Seminar

    "Searching for Ultralight Particles with Black Holes and Gravitational Waves"

    Presented by Masha Baryakhtar, Perimeter Inst. Theor. Phys.

    Wednesday, December 13, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Christopher Murphy

    The LIGO detection of gravitational waves has opened a new window on the universe. I will discuss how the process of superradiance, combined with gravitational wave measurements, makes black holes into nature's laboratories to search for new light bosons, from axions to dark photons. When a bosonic particle's Compton wavelength is comparable to the horizon size of a black hole, superradiance of these bosons into `hydrogenic' bound states extracts energy and angular momentum from the black hole. The occupation number of the levels grows exponentially and the black hole spins down. One candidate for such an ultralight boson is the QCD axion with decay constant above the GUT scale. Current black hole spin measurements disfavor a factor of 30 (400) in axion (vector) mass; future measurements can provide evidence of a new boson. Particles transitioning between levels and annihilating to gravitons may produce thousands of monochromatic gravitational wave signals, and turn LIGO into a particle detector.

  120. Physics Colloquium

    "The "self-stirred" genome: Bulk and surface dynamics of the chromatin globule"

    Presented by Alexandra Zidovska, New York University

    Tuesday, December 12, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Chromatin structure and dynamics control all aspects of DNA biology yet are poorly understood. In interphase, time between two cell divisions, chromatin fills the cell nucleus in its minimally condensed polymeric state. Chromatin serves as substrate to a number of biological processes, e.g. gene expression and DNA replication, which require it to become locally restructured. These are energy-consuming processes giving rise to nonequilibrium dynamics. Chromatin dynamics has been traditionally studied by imaging of fluorescently labeled nuclear proteins and single DNA-sites, thus focusing only on a small number of tracer particles. Recently, we developed an approach, displacement correlation spectroscopy (DCS) based on time-resolved image correlation analysis, to map chromatin dynamics simultaneously across the whole nucleus in cultured human cells [1]. DCS revealed that chromatin movement was coherent across large regions (4–5μm) for several seconds. Regions of coherent motion extended beyond the boundaries of single-chromosome territories, suggesting elastic coupling of motion over length scales much larger than those of genes [1]. These largescale, coupled motions were ATP-dependent and unidirectional for several seconds. Following these observations, we developed a hydrodynamic theory of active chromatin dynamics, using the two-fluid model and describing the content of cell nucleus as a chromatin solution, which is subject to both passive thermal fluctuations and active (ATP-consuming) scalar and vector events [2]. In this work we continue in our efforts to elucidate the mechanism and function of the chromatin dynamics in interphase. We investigate the chromatin interactions with the nuclear envelope and compare the surface dynamics of the chromatin globule with its bulk dynamics [3]. Furthermore, we explore the rheology of the chromatin inside the cell nucleus using the native subnuclear structures [4]. [1] Zidovska A, Weitz DA, Mitchi

  121. Particle Physics Seminar

    "A Unified Program of Argon Dark Matter Searches: DarkSide-20k and The Global Argon Dark Matter Collaboration"

    Presented by Cristiano Galbiati, Princeton University

    Monday, December 11, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    : Experimenters from four different argon dark matter searches have joined their forces in the the "Global Argon Dark Matter Collaboration" to carry out a unified program for dark matter direct detection. The participants are researchers currently working on the ArDM experiment at LSC; on the DarkSide-50 experiment at LNGS; on the DEAP-3600 experiment at SNOLab; and on the MiniCLEAN experiment at SNOLab. In 2015/2016 The DarkSide-50 experiment at LNGS produced two zero-background science results, along with a comparison of the results obtained with both atmospheric and underground argon fills, demonstrating the ability of large experiments to eliminate background from betas/gammas at the tens of tonne-year exposure. The DEAP-3600 experiment at SNOLAB is the first tonne-scale experiment to achieve both stable operations and an extended physics run. DEAP-3600 has been collecting physics data with over 3 tonnes of argon since late 2016 and published its first results in 2017. Researchers from the four experiments will jointly carry out as the single next step at the scale of a few tens of tonnes the DarkSide-20k experiment. DarkSide-20k was approved in 2017 by the Italian INFN, by the host laboratory LNGS, and by the US NSF. DarkSide-20k is also officially and jointly supported by the three underground laboratories LNGS, LSC, and SNOLab. DarkSide-20k is a 20-tonne fiducial volume dual-phase TPC to be operated at LNGS with an underground argon fill, designed to collect an exposure of 100 tonne×years, completely free of neutron-induced nuclear recoil background and all electron recoil background. DarkSide-20k is set to start operating by 2021 and will have sensitivity to WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross sections of 1.2 × 10−47 cm2 for WIMPs of 1 TeV/c2 mass, to be achieved during a 5 year run. An extended 10 year run could produce an exposure of 200 tonne×years, with sensitivity for the cross-section of 7.4 × 10&min

  122. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Machine Learning Analysis of Ising Worms"

    Presented by Sam Foreman, University of Iowa

    Thursday, December 7, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    Motivated by recent results demonstrating the applicability of machine learning techniques to quantum spin systems, we explore an application of the worm algorithm to the two dimensional Ising model. We begin by presenting the high temperature expansion of the Ising model, which is used to generate equilibrium configurations of "worms" represented as two¬dimensional greyscale images. From these configurations, we are then able to calculate physical quantities of interest. In particular, we are able to identify the logarithmic divergence of the specific heat at the critical temperature. We then propose a complementary approach using machine learning techniques (in particular, principal component analysis, (PCA)) which also successfully identifies the divergent behavior near criticality. Finally, we investigate the behavior of the previously mentioned concepts under a renormalization group coarse¬graining procedure, and present ideas for future research.

  123. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Pushing the boundaries of relativistic fluid dynamics"

    Presented by Jorge Noronha

    Thursday, December 7, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    For nearly a century, dissipative effects have been included in fluid dynamics using gradients of macroscopic quantities such as the temperature and fluid velocity. Recently, results from heavy ion collision experiments and explicit model calculations have pushed the boundaries of relativistic fluid dynamics towards the far-from-equilibrium regime. In this talk I will present calculations of the large order behavior of the gradient expansion, both in kinetic theory and in holography, which have demonstrated that this series has zero radius of convergence. I will discuss the role played by novel non-equilibrium attractor solutions in determining the emergence of fluid dynamic behavior in many-body systems under extreme conditions.

  124. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Examples of translational research using thermoelectric oxides"

    Presented by Ryoji Funahashi, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology, Japan

    Wednesday, December 6, 2017, 3 pm
    Conference Room, Building 480

    Hosted by: Qiang Li

    We have been relishing a lot of affluence thanks to energy. Fossil energy provides us fun to drive, warmth to escape from cold, brightness of illumination, etc. However consumption of the fossil fuel produces CO2. The amount of CO2 emission will increase with increasing consumption of fossil energy, gas, oil, and coal year by year. The average of total utilizing efficiency of the primary energy is as low as 30 %, with 70 % exhausted to the air as waste heat. It is clear that improved efficiencies of energy conversion systems could have a significant impact on energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission rate. Where a large sum of heat is localized, mechanical conversion systems can be used to generate electricity. However, most sources of waste heat are widely dispersed. Although technologies of storage and transport of such the dilute heat energy have been developed, most waste heat can't be used effectively. Electricity is a convenient form of energy that is easily transported, redirected, and stored, thus there are a number of advantages to the conversion of waste heat emitted from our living and industrial activities to electricity. Thermoelectric conversion is paid attention as the strongest candidate to generate electricity from dilute waste heat. Oxide materials are considered to be promising ones because of their durability against high temperature, low cost for producing etc. The misfit CoO2 compounds show high thermoelectric efficiency at high temperature in air. Thermoelectric modules using p-type Ca3Co4O9, one of the CoO2 compounds and n-type CaMnO3 have been produced [1, 2]. The maximum power density against area of the substrate of the module reaches 4.3 kW/m2 at 973 K of the heat source temperature [3]. Portable power generation units composed of an oxide thermoelectric module. Water circulation and batteries for air cooling are unnecessary for thermoelectric conversion. The units can generate 2-5 W using heat energy with temperature of 300-8

  125. Physics Colloquium

    "Thinking inside the box - hadron resonances in QCD"

    Presented by Jozef Dudek, JLab

    Tuesday, December 5, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    I will describe how we can make use of the finite box in which lattice QCD calculations are performed to learn something about hadron scattering amplitudes from first principles. These amplitudes contain information about the resonance structure of QCD and hence the spectrum of excited mesons and baryons. I'll present the results of recent calculations in which the lightest scalar, vector and tensor mesons have been studied.

  126. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN seminar

    "Medium modification of jet and jet-induced medium excitation"

    Presented by Shanshan Cao, Wayne State University

    Friday, December 1, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    A coupled linear Boltzmann transport and hydrodynamics model (CoLBT-hydro) is developed for concurrent simulation of jet propagation and hydrodynamic evolution in high-energy nuclear collisions. Diverse microscopic scattering processes (elastic and inelastic) are incorporated for parton showers, and both massive and massless partons are calculated on the same footing. Energy deposition from jets into nuclear matter is treated as source term of hydrodynamic evolution. Within this CoLBT-hydro model, nuclear modification of heavy and light flavor hadrons are simultaneously described. Evidence of jet-induced medium excitation is explored with photon-triggered jets, where significant enhancement of soft hadron production is found due to energy deposition from jets.

  127. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The strong CP-problem and axion dark matter searches"

    Presented by Yannis Semertzidis, KAIST and IBS

    Monday, November 27, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chao Zhang

    The strong CP-problem, i.e. why is the neutron EDM experimental limit is at least ten orders of magnitude lower than expected from the theory of QCD is one of the mysteries in physics today. Peccei and Quinn came up with a solution to the strong CP-problem at the expense of requiring an extra pseudo-scalar particle, the axion. It turns out, the axion at a certain mass range is also an ideal dark matter candidate and it can be detected via its conversion to microwave photons in the presence of a strong magnetic field. IBS/CAPP in South Korea, the center for axion and precision physics research of the institute for basic science, was established to elucidate the strong CP-problem and in particular the axion dark matter mystery. I'm going to give an overview of the history of axion dark matter searches, the present status and the plans for answering whether or not axions are a significant part of the dark matter in our galaxy.

  128. Physics Colloquium

    "Numerical Relativity in the Multimessenger Era"

    Presented by Manuela Campanelli, Rochester Institute of Technology

    Tuesday, November 21, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    The recent discovery of gravitational waves by Advanced LIGO ushered in a new kind of astronomy, one potentially integrating its findings with those obtained from electromagnetic and/or neutrino observations. Multi-messenger astronomy promises to revolutionize our understanding of the universe by providing dramatically contrasting views of the same objects. To understand this unprecedented wealth of observational evidence, computer intensive theoretical calculations of the Einstein field equations, coupled with the equations of magneto-hydrodynamics, are required in order to link data with underlying physics. In this talk, I will provide a review on the recent progress in this exciting field of computational astrophysics. With Advanced LIGO now fully operational and the detection of additional gravitational wave events imminent, we expect that there will be a surge in the number of researchers interested in performing simulations of compact binary mergers.

  129. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Higher-order corrections to jet quenching"

    Presented by Yacine Mehtar-Tani, University of Washington

    Friday, November 17, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    The phenomenon of jet quenching in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions reveals to effect of substantial finial state interactions which cause QCD jets to lose energy to the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), mainly by induced gluon radiation. In standard analytic approaches to energy loss, jets are approximated by single partons and thus higher-order effects in the strong coupling constant are neglected. This may prove insufficient to reliably extract QGP properties at high pT, where a significant jet suppression was recently reported by the ATLAS collaboration in PbPb collisions at the LHC. In this work we explore higher-order corrections to the inclusive jet spectrum which may be sizable owing to the fact that the probability for a highly virtual parton to split in the medium increases with the jet pT. As the effective number of jet constituents increases, jets are expected to lose more energy than a single color charge. This translates into large logarithmic enhancements of higher-orders in the perturbative series, that need to be resummed. As a result we obtain a Sudakov-like suppression factor which we investigate in the leading logarithmic approximation. We note, however, that the phase space for higher-order corrections is mitigated by coherence effects that relate to the fact that, below a characteristic angular scale, the medium does not resolve the inner jet structure. In this case, the jet lose energy coherently as a single color charge, namely, the primary parton.

  130. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Complementary response of static spin-stripe order and superconductivity to non-magnetic impurities and pressure in cuprates"

    Presented by Zurab Guguchia, Columbia University

    Thursday, November 16, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Emil Bozin

    Cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) have complex phase diagrams with multiple competing ordered phases. Understanding to which degree charge, spin, and superconducting orders compete or coexist is paramount for elucidating the microscopic pairing mechanism in the cuprate HTSs. In this talk, i will report some novel results of muonspin rotation (μSR), neutron Scattering and magnetization experiments on non-magnetic Zn impurity and hydrostatic pressure effects on the static spin-stripe order and superconductivity in the La214 cuprates [1,2]. Namely, in La2−xBaxCu1−yZnyO4 (0.11 ≤ x ≤ 0.17) and La1.48Nd0.4Sr0.12Cu1−yZnyO4. Remarkably, it was found that in these systems the spin-stripe ordering temperature Tso decreases linearly with Zn doping y and disappears at y ≈ 4 % , demonstrating the extreme sensitivity of static spin-stripe order to impurities within a CuO2 plane. Moreover, Tso is suppressed in the same manner as the superconducting transition temperature Tc by Zn impurities. We also observed the same pressure evolution of both Tc and Tso in La2−xBaxCuO4, while there is an antagonistic pressure evolution of magnetic volume fraction and superfluid density [1,2,3]. These results indicate that static spin-stripe order and SC pairing correlations develop in a cooperative fashion in La214 cuprates. In other words, the existence of the stripe order requires intertwining with the SC pairing correlations, such as occurs in the proposed pair-density wave (PDW) state [4]. [1] Z. Guguchia et. al., Phys. Rev. B 94, 214511 (2016). [2] Z. Guguchia et. al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 087002 (2017). [3] Z. Guguchia et. al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 057002 (2014). [4] E. Fradkin, S.A. Kivelson, and J.M. Tranquada, Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 457 (2015).

  131. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "QCD from gluon, quark, and meson correlators"

    Presented by Mario Mitter, BNL

    Thursday, November 16, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    We present non-perturbative first-principle results for quark-, gluon- and meson 1PI correlation functions of two-flavour Landau-gauge QCD in the vacuum and Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature. They are obtained by solving their Functional Renormalisation Group equations in a systematic vertex expansion, aiming at apparent convergence within a self-consistent approximation scheme. These correlation functions carry the full information about the theory and their connection to physical observables is discussed. The presented calculations represent a crucial prerequisite for quantitative first-principle studies of QCD and its phase diagram within this framework. In particular, we have computed the ghost, quark and scalar-pseudoscalar meson propagators, as well as gluon, ghost-gluon, quark-gluon, quark, quark-meson, and meson interactions and the magnetic and electric components of the gluon propagator, and the three- and four-gluon vertices. Our results stress the crucial importance of the quantitatively correct running of different vertices in the semi-perturbative regime for describing the phenomena and scales of confinement and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking without phenomenological input. We confront our results for the correlators with lattice simulations and compare our Debye mass to hard thermal loop perturbation theory. Finally, applications to "QCD-enhanced" low-energy effective models of QCD are discussed.

  132. Physics Colloquium

    ""The muon anomalous magnetic moment — A precision test of the standard model""

    Presented by Christoph Lehner, BNL

    Tuesday, November 14, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    The anomalous magnetic moment of the muon is one of the most precisely determined quantities in particle physics. It is currently known both experimentally and from theory to approximately 1/2 parts per million. Interestingly, there is an approximate 3—4 sigma tension between theory computation and the experimental value (BNL E821) which may hint at new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. In this talk, I review the current status of a soon-expected improved experimental measurement (FNAL E989) and recent rapid progress in reducing the uncertainty of the standard model theory computation.

  133. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Fermilab E-906/SeaQuest: A novel nucleon structure laboratory"

    Presented by Bryan Ramson, University of Michigan

    Tuesday, November 14, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    SeaQuest is the latest iteration in a series of Fermilab experiments designed to probe nucleon structure using the Drell-Yan process. The most recent ancestor of SeaQuest, E866/NuSea, used the Drell-Yan process to provide the most comprehensive observations of the light-quark flavor asymmetry to date, which suggested significant non-pertubative effects in the nucleon sea. Other measurements concerning cold nuclear matter, J/Psi production, and Drell-Yan angular distributions were conducted as well. SeaQuest aims to complement the flagship NuSea measurement by probing higher seaquark momenta at a lower center-of-mass energy and higher intensity. A summary of the light-quark flavor asymmetry measurement status will be reported as well as the status of various parallel analyses, one of which could have implications for the Boer-Mulders initial state TMD.

  134. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Using Modeling and Machine Learning to Accelerate High-Throughput Experimental Materials Discovery"

    Presented by Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers, National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Monday, November 13, 2017, 11 am
    CFN, Bldg. 735, Conference Room A, 1st Floor

    Hosted by: Matthew Sfeir

    Over the past 10 years there has been a resurgent interest in the development of novel metallic alloys, both as multiple principle component solid solution alloys, so-called high entropy alloys (HEA) as well as amorphous metallic glasses. Although a number of empirical rules have been proposed for the prediction of potential alloy compositions, calculating their stability and quantifying their properties of interest at operating temperatures from first principles represents a significant challenge. In fact, even high-throughput experimental studies struggle to effectively explore such large composition-processing-property parameter spaces efficiently. Here, I will discuss an approach that seeks to address the rational experimental exploration of such alloys by combining theory, experiment and data science. Our approach is to use insights from the literature, theory, and/or data mining to identify the regions of parameter space most likely to yield interesting materials. We then employ computationally guided high-throughput synthesis techniques to strategically probe composition and processing space. In situ synchrotron diffraction studies yield tens of thousands of data sets describing the evolution of the alloy phase and corrosion products. The data are evaluated using automated knowledge extraction techniques, enabling us to assess our experiments, update the models used to generate the initial lead materials, and plan the next material system to study. In this talk, I will emphasize our recent work using these techniques to investigate phase stability in metallic glasses.

  135. Particle Physics - SB/BNL Joint Cosmo seminar (at BNL)

    "Dark Matter Searches with CCDs and the Sensei Experiment"

    Presented by Dr. Javier Tiffenberg, FNAL

    Thursday, November 9, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

  136. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Quasiparticle spectra from stochastic many-body methods"

    Presented by Vojtech Vlcek, University of California, Los Angeles

    Thursday, November 9, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Gabi Kotliar

    I will present new developments and applications of stochastic approaches to electronic structure and many-body perturbation theory, which overcome the steep scaling of conventional deterministic schemes. The general principles of linear-scaling stochastic methods for TDDFT, GW and BSE will be discussed and exemplified on realistic nanoscale systems with more than 5000 valence electrons. The stochastic approaches enable mapping the evolution of optical absorption, spectral functions and quasiparticle energies and lifetimes, as well as the emergence of collective excitations, over the full range from molecules to large bulk-like 3D nanoclusters and 2D layers.

  137. HET Seminar

    "Tomorrow's Colloquium: Joanna Kiryluk: IceCube: Understanding the High Energy Universe with Cosmic Neutrinos"

    Presented by Linda Carpenter, Ohio State University

    Wednesday, November 8, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

    Though the Higgs has a non trivial branching fraction -8 percent, to light jets, this is a very hard channel to directly capture with the LHC. We study the Higgs boson (h ) decay to two light jets at the 14 TeV High-Luminosity-LHC (HL-LHC), where a light jet (j ) represents any nonflavor-tagged jet from the observational point of view. The decay mode Higgs to gluons is chosen as the benchmark since it is the dominant channel in the Standard Model, but the bound obtained is also applicable to the light quarks. We estimate the achievable bounds on the decay branching fractions through the associated production V h (V =W±,Z ). Events of the Higgs boson decaying into heavy (tagged) or light (untagged) jets are correlatively analyzed. We find that with 3000 fb-1 data at the HL-LHC corresponds to a reachable upper bound of a few times the SM prediction. Which can ten be turned into a bound on the Higgs couplings to gluons and light quark flavors. A consistency fit also leads to an upper bound on the Higgs to charm coupling. The estimated bound may be further strengthened by adopting multiple variable analyses or adding other production channels.

  138. Physics Colloquium

    "Building an entanglement sharing quantum network"

    Presented by Professor Eden Figueroa, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, November 7, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    In the first part of our talk we will show how to produce photonic quantum entanglement and how to store it and distribute it by optically manipulating the properties of room temperature atomic clouds. We will discuss our recent experiments in which several quantum devices are already interconnected forming an elementary quantum cryptographic network. We will also discuss our progress regarding the construction of an entanglement sharing link between Stony Brook and BNL. In the second part we will show our progress regarding the construction of an analog quantum computer capable of simulating relativistic dynamics using atoms and quantized light. We will show how our device is already capable of simulating Dirac and Jackiw-Rebbi Hamiltonians as well as the road map towards simulating Quantum Field Theory Hamiltonians.

  139. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Proximity effects in cuprate/manganite multilayers"

    Presented by Christian Bernhard, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

    Monday, November 6, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Seminar Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Chris Homes

    Recently we observed an intriguing, magnetic-filed-induced insulator-to-metal transition in YBa2Cu3O7/Pr1-xCaxMnO3 (YBCO/PCMO) multilayers [1]. In the low field regime, the response of these multilayers is highly resistive and resembles the one of granular superconductors or frustrated Josephson-networks. Notably, a coherent superconducting response can be restored with a large magnetic field. The latter also suppresses the charge/orbital order of the PCMO layers towards a ferromagnetic state. This coincidence suggests an intimate relationship between the insulator-to-superconductor transition in the YBCO layer and the suppression of the charge/orbital order in the PCMO. I will discuss the evidence, based on resonant x-ray scattering experiments, that the latter induces (or strongly enhances) a static Cu-CDW order in YBCO that is intertwined with superconductivity. [1] B.P.P. Mallett et al., Phys. Rev. B 94, 180503(R) (2016).

  140. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Proton radius puzzle"

    Presented by Gerald Miller, University of Washington

    Friday, November 3, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

  141. HET Lunch Discussions

    "Dark Parity Violation After Qweak and Future Neutrino Physics Discussion"

    Presented by William J. Marciano, BNL

    Friday, November 3, 2017, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

  142. Updated HET Lunch Discussions

    ""Dark Parity Violation After Qweak and Future Neutrino Physics Discussion" (Neutrino Discovery Initiative)"

    Presented by William J. Marciano, BNL

    Friday, November 3, 2017, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

    To participate via BlueJean connection, please click on the following link: https://bluejeans.com/753838707/7269 Meeting ID: 753 838 707 Participate Passcode: 7269

  143. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Wandering amongst the Feynamn diagrams"

    Presented by Nikolay Prokofiev, University of Massachusetts-Amherst

    Friday, November 3, 2017, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    Feynman diagrams are the most celebrated and powerful tool of theoretical physics usually associated with the analytic approach. I will argue that diagrammatic expansions are also an ideal numerical tool with enormous and yet to be explored potential for solving interacting many-body systems by direct simulation of Feynman diagrams (bare or skeleton) for the proper self-energies and polarization operators up to high order. Though the original series based on are propagators are sign-alternating and often divergent one can determine the answer behind them by using proper series re-summation techniques and working with skeleton diagrams, i.e. by making the entire scheme self-consistent. The bottom line is that the diagrammatic Monte Carlo approach generically solves the computational complexity for interacting fermionic systems. In terms of physical applications, I will disucss results for the Hubbard model, resonant fermi gas at unitarity, and stability of Dirac liquid against strong Coulomb interaction in graphene.

  144. Particle Physics Seminar

    "UCNtau: A magneto-gravitational trap measurement of the free neutron lifetime"

    Presented by Robert Pattie, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Thursday, November 2, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The neutron is the simplest nuclear system that can be used to probe the structure of the weak interaction and search for physics Beyond the Standard Model. Measurements of neutron ?-decay observables are sensitive to scalar and tensor interactions in the weak force which are not present in the Standard Model. The lifetime of the neutron ?n is an important parameter for Big-Bang Nucleo-synthesis models, solar fusion models, and absolute neutrino scattering cross-sections, and can be used to test the unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix. Presently, the two typical methods used to measure the neutron lifetime, cold neutron beam measurements and stored ultracold neutron (UCN) measurements, disagree by roughly 4?. This discrepancy motivates the need for new measurements with complementary systematic uncertainties to previous efforts. The UCN? experiment uses an asymmetric magneto-gravitational UCN trap with in situ counting of surviving neutrons to measure the neutron lifetime. Previous bottle experiments confined UCN in a material storage vessel creating a significant correction due to losses resulting from the material UCN interactions. The magnetic and gravitational confinement of the UCN minimizes losses due to material interactions. Additionally, UCN? uses a detection system that is lowered into the storage volume which avoids emptying the surviving UCN into an external detector. This minimizes any possible transport related systematics. This in situ detector also enables counting at various heights in the vessel, which provides information on the trapped UCN energy spectrum, quasi-bound orbits, and possible phase space evolution. I will present the physics motivation for precision neutron physics, a description of the UCN? experiment, the results of data collected during the 2016-2017 accelerator cycle which resulted in a value of τn=877.7±(0.7) stat (+0.3/−0.1) sys in agreement with previous material bottle

  145. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Rotating Dirac fermion in Magnetic field in 1+2 and 1+3 dimensions"

    Presented by Yizhuang Liu, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, November 2, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

  146. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Calculation of the electric dipole moment with the gradient flow"

    Presented by Andrea Shindler, Michigan State University

    Wednesday, November 1, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  147. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Search for dark matter at the CMS experiment"

    Presented by Adish Vartak, University of California San Diego

    Friday, October 27, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    There is an extensive, on-going dark matter search program at the LHC that explores several different types of possible interactions between WIMP-like dark matter and standard model particles. The dark matter searches at the LHC are complementary, and in case of certain models, significantly more sensitive than the direct and indirect dark matter searches. In this talk I will discuss several key dark matter searches being pursued by the CMS collaboration. These cover a wide variety of final states in which dark matter particles are produced in association with one or more energetic, visible objects in the detector resulting in 'MET+X' signatures. Furthermore, I will also discuss the constraints set on dark matter interactions by certain resonance searches.

  148. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Observation of Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering by COHERENT"

    Presented by Kate Scholberg, Duke University

    Thursday, October 26, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) is a process in which a neutrino scatters off an entire nucleus at low momentum transfer, and for which the observable signature is a low-energy nuclear recoil. It represents a background for direct dark matter detection experiments, as well as a possible signal for astrophysical neutrinos. Furthermore, because the process is cleanly predicted in the Standard Model, a measurement is sensitive to beyond-the-Standard-Model physics, such as non-standard interactions of neutrinos. The process was first predicted in 1973. It was measured for the first time by the COHERENT collaboration using the high-quality source of pion-decay-at-rest neutrinos from the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and a CsI[Na] scintillator detector. This talk will describe COHERENT's recent 6.7-sigma measurement of CEvNS, the status and plans of COHERENT's suite of detectors at the SNS, and future physics reach.

  149. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Approach to equilibrium of quarkonium in quark-gluon plasma"

    Presented by Xiaojun Yao, BNL

    Thursday, October 26, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    Quarkonium can be used as a probe of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) in heavy ion collisions. The production process is complicated by several factors: plasma screening effect, in-medium dissociation and recombination, cold nuclear matter effect and feed-down contributions. In this talk, I will present a set of Boltzmann transport equations that govern the in-medium evolution of the heavy quark and quarkonium system. The dissociation and recombination rates are calculated from potential non-relativistic QCD at leading order. I will explain how the system reaches equilibrium in a QGP box and show how the system evolves under a boost invariant longitudinal expansion. I will argue that the angular distribution of quarkonium probes the stages at which recombination occurs. The presented framework will be extended in future work to include other factors influencing quarkonium production.

  150. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Theory and Computation Guided Discovery of New Thermoelectric Materials"

    Presented by Vladan Stevanovic, Colorado School of Mines & National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    Wednesday, October 25, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Progress in the widespread adoption of all solid heat-to-electricity technologies has largely been hindered by the absence of suitable thermoelectric materials. In pursuit for new thermoelectrics recent advances in large-scale deployment of first principles calculations could be useful in identifying new promising material systems. However, the need to predict electron and phonon transport properties with sufficient accuracy renders direct assessment of the thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) for large numbers of systems unfeasible. This is true even in the case of relatively simple semiconductor materials, which could be described by the computationally inexpensive single particle theories such as density functional theory (DFT). While the state-of-the-art DFT based approaches to charge carrier and heat transport of semiconductors can deliver desired accuracy, they are currently limited to relatively simple chemistries and/or case-by-case studies. In this talk I will discuss integrated theory-computation-experiment efforts in developing a robust set of material descriptors that: (1) are rooted in the Boltzmann transport theory, but do not rely on classic and largely inapplicable constant relaxation time or constant mean free path approximations, (2) are computationally tractable allowing material searches across large chemical spaces, and (3) are sufficiently accurate to provide reliable predictions. Our approach is demonstrated to correctly identify known thermoelectric materials1 and reliably suggest new and promising candidate semiconductors.2 At the end, I will review successes and failures in our quest for new thermoelectrics, and discuss dopability of semiconductors as the critical outstanding challenge in achieving high zT materials. 1. Yan, P. Gorai, B. Ortiz, S. Miller, S. A. Barnett, T. Mason, V. Stevanovic, and E. S. Toberer, "Material descriptors for thermoelectric performance", Energy Environ. Sci. 2. P. Gorai, V. Stevanovic, and E. Tobe

  151. Physics Colloquium

    "The Path Forward in Gravitational-wave astronomy"

    Presented by Zsuzsa Marka, Columbia University

    Tuesday, October 24, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    On August 17, 2017 the merger of two neutron stars was detected in the form of gravitational-waves by LIGO/Virgo. As a result of over a decade long preparation for multimessenger observations the event was also seen electromagnetically across the full spectrum. The history and future of the multimessenger effort using gravitational-waves will be discussed from an instrumentalist viewpoint.

  152. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "To CME or not to CME? Implications of recent charge separation measurements in p(d)+Au, Au(Cu)+Au and U+U collisions for the chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions"

    Presented by Roy Lacey, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, October 24, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Bjoern Schenke

    The observation of charge separation induced by the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME), could provide crucial insights on anomalous transport and the interplay of chiral symmetry restoration, axial anomaly, and gluonic topology in the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) produced in heavy ion collisions. I will discuss recent differential charge separation measurements,for p(d)+Au, Au(Cu)+Au and U+U, with a correlator specifically designed to give discernible responses to CME-driven charge separation and non-CME backgrounds. Measurements which span the beam energy range Root_s = 19.5 - 200 GeV will be presented. The d(p)+Au results are observed to be consistent with the reduced magnetic field strength and the essentially random B-field orientations expected in these collisions. In contrast, the Au(Cu)+Au and U+U measurements validate the presence of CME-driven charge separation quantified by the Fourier dipole coefficient a1. Ongoing attempts for CME-signal quantification, as well as implications for the upcoming RHIC isobar run, will be discussed as well.

  153. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Pressure-driven collapse of Jeff=1/2 electronic state in a honeycomb iridate"

    Presented by Young-June Kim, University of Toronto, Canada

    Friday, October 20, 2017, 3 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    Orbital and spin degrees of freedom in heavy transition metal compounds can be locked into each other due to strong spin-orbit coupling. The magnetism in this case is described by an effective total angular momentum jeff=1/2 rather than usual spin angular momentum. Furthermore, these jeff=1/2 moments residing on a honeycomb lattice can be coupled through bond-dependent Kitaev interactions. Magnetic properties of some honeycomb lattice iridates, such as Na2IrO3 and Li2IrO3 have been extensively investigated to examine whether Kitaev quantum spin liquid is realized in these compounds. However, the applicability of the jeff=1/2 local moment model in real materials have not been critically scrutinized experimentally. A combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering experiments on a honeycomb lattice Li2IrO3 reveals that the jeff=1/2 picture breaks down under high pressure, and electrons take on more itinerant character under this condition.

  154. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Quantization of three-body scattering amplitude in isobar formulation"

    Presented by Maxim Mai, George Washington University

    Friday, October 20, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    In the so-called isobar parametrization the three-particle states are populated via an interacting two-particle system (resonant or non-resonant), and a spectator. Using this parametrization, we derive the isobar-spectator interaction such that the three-body Unitarity is ensured exactly. In the first part of my talk I will show the major steps of this derivation. (arXiv:1706.06118) The second part of the talk will be dedicated to the finite-volume implementation of the framework (arXiv:1709.08222). Imaginary parts in the infinite volume, dictated by Unitarity, determine the dominant power-law finite volume effects to ensure the correct 3-body quantization condition. Furthermore, various building blocks of the 3->3 amplitude in the finite volume can become singular. However, when all contributions are summed-up, only genuine 3-body singularities remain. I will demonstrate the corresponding cancellation mechanisms explicitly for the simplified case of only one S-wave isobar.

  155. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Study of the Higgs properties in the H->ZZ*->4l channel with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Gaetano Barone, Brandeis University

    Thursday, October 19, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    Recent measurements of the Higgs boson properties in the four lepton channel for 36.1 fb-1 of proton—proton collisions at 13 TeV using the ATLAS detector will be presented. The measurements include the Higgs boson mass as well as inclusive, fiducial and differential cross sections and, constraints on Higgs boson production couplings. The results are interpreted within the Standard Model and various extensions.

  156. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Lattice QCD and Neutrino Physics"

    Presented by Aaron Meyer, HET Group

    Thursday, October 19, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    The nucleon axial form factor is a dominant contribution to systematic uncertainties in neutrino oscillation studies. The most commonly used model parametrization of the axial form factor has uncontrolled and underestimated systematic errors. First-principles computations from lattice QCD have the potential to control theory errors by disentangling the effects of nuclear corrections from the nucleon amplitudes. In this talk, I discuss fits to the axial form factor with deuterium bubble chamber data using the model-independent $z$ expansion parameterization. I then present preliminary results for a blinded lattice QCD calculation of the nucleon axial charge $g_A$ with physical light quark masses. This calculation is being done with the Highly Improved Staggered Quark (HISQ) action and 2+1+1 flavors of sea quarks.

  157. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Desert Dust, Wildfire Smoke, Volcanic Ash, Urban and Industrial Pollution – Grasping the Role Particles Play in Global Climate and Regional Air Quality"

    Presented by Ralph Kahn, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

    Thursday, October 19, 2017, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Steve Schwartz

    Airborne particles are ubiquitous components of our atmosphere, originating from a variety of natural and anthropogenic sources, exhibiting a wide range of physical properties, and contributing in multiple ways to regional air quality as well as regional-to-global-scale climate. Most remain in the atmosphere for a week or less, but can traverse oceans or continents in that time, carrying nutrients or disease vectors in some cases. Bright aerosols reflect sunlight, and can cool the surface; light-absorbing particles can heat the atmosphere, suppressing cloud formation or mediating larger-scale circulations. In most cases, particles are required to collect water vapor as the initial step in cloud formation, so their presence (or absence) and their hygroscopic or hydrophilic properties can affect cloud occurrence, structure, and ability to precipitate. Grasping the scope and nature of aerosol environmental impacts requires understanding microphysical-to-global scale processes, operating on timescales from minutes to days or longer. Satellites are the primary source of observations on kilometer-to-global scales. Spacecraft observations are complemented by suborbital platforms: aircraft in situ measurements and surface-based instrument networks that operate on smaller spatial scales, some on shorter timescales. Numerical models play a third key role in this work — providing a synthesis of current physical understanding with the aggregate of measurements, and allowing for some predictive capability. This presentation will focus on what we can say about aerosol amount and type from space. Constraining particle "type" is at present the leading challenge for satellite aerosol remote sensing. We will review recent advances and future prospects, including the strengths and limitations of available approaches, and current work toward better integrating measurements with models to create a clearer picture of aerosol environmental impacts, globally.

  158. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The R&D and Mass Production of 20"MCP-PMT for Neutrino Detection"

    Presented by Dr. Sen Qian, IHEP China

    Monday, October 16, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Researchers at IHEP, Beijing have conceived a new concept of MCP-PMT several years ago. The small MCP (Microchannel Plate) units replace the bulky Dynode chain in the tranditional large PMTs for better photoelectron detection. After three years R&D, a number of 8 inch prototypes were produced and their performance was carefully tested at IHEP in 2013 by using the MCP-PMT evaluation system built at IHEP. The 20 inch prototypes were followed in 2014, and its' performance were improving a lot in 2015. Compensating the PMT performances with fiducially volume convert all specifications to cost, radioactivity, dark noise, TTS, the JUNO ordered 15000 pic 20-inch MCP-PMT from the NNVT in Dec.2015. In 2016, the MCP-PMT collaboration group finished to build the mass production line in Nanjing at the end of 2016, and finished the batch test system in the same place within 100 days at the beginning of 2017. From 2017 to 2019, all the 20-inch MCP-PMT will be produced and tested one by one in NNVT for JUNO. This presentation will talk about the R&D process and mass production, batch test result of the first 2K pieces of MCP-PMT prototypes for JUNO.

  159. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Domain walls and phase boundaries - new nanoscale functional elements in complex oxides"

    Presented by Jan Seidel, UNSW Sydney

    Monday, October 16, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Myung-Geun Han

    Topological structures in functional materials, such as domain walls and skyrmions, see increased attention due to their properties that can be completely different from that of the parent bulk material [1]. I will discuss recent results on multiferroic phase boundaries, domain walls in BiFeO3 [2, 3, 4, 5, 6] using SPM, TEM and ab-initio theory, and discuss future prospects [7]. References [1] J. Seidel (ed.), Topological structures in ferroic materials: domain walls, skyrmions and vortices, ISBN: 978-3-319-25299-5, Springer, Berlin (2016) [2] P. Sharma, et al., Scientific Reports 6, 32347 (2016) [3] P. Sharma, et al., Advanced Electronic Materials 2, 1600283 (2016) [3] J. Seidel, et al., Advanced Materials 26, 4376 (2014) [4] Y. Heo, et al., Advanced Materials 26, 7568 (2014) [5] Y. Heo et al., ACS Nano, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b07869 (2017) [6] P. Sharma, et al., Advanced Materials Interfaces 3, 1600033 (2016) [7] J. Seidel, Nature Nanotechnology 10, 190 (2015)

  160. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "What can we learn from flow observables in heavy-ion collisions?"

    Presented by Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler, Rutgers University

    Thursday, October 12, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    The Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP), nature's first and most perfect liquid, has been successfully reproduced in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and the LHC. The dynamics of the QGP can be well described by relativistic viscous hydrodynamics, allowing for precise comparisons to experimental data in order to extract the properties of the QGP. While a small shear viscosity is well-established, questions still remain regarding the precise initial state, the temperature dependence of viscosity, the smallest system that displays QGP-like properties, and the equation of state at large densities. In this talk, the various flow harmonic observables are analyzed to help answer these remaining questions.

  161. Particle Physics Seminar

    "SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar (at Stony Brook)"

    Presented by Chang Feng, UC Irvine

    Wednesday, October 11, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook

    Hosted by: Neelima Sehgal

  162. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "The nature of flow fluctuations, from pp to A+A, and back again"

    Presented by Mingliang Zhou, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, October 3, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    In recent years, there have been rapid progresses in our understanding of the event-by-event flow fluctuation, which provides direct insight into the fluctuations in the initial geometry. I will start my talk by briefly discussing the flow (collectivity) and its fluctuation in small systems pp and p+Pb, using the newly-proposed subevent cumulant method, which is able to suppress the non-flow background effectively. I will show there is significant fluctuation of elliptic flow $v_2$ in pp and non-Gaussian fluctuation of triangular flow $v_3$ in p+Pb. Moving from small to large systems, STAR collaboration recently has shown different behaviors of cumulant $c_2\{4\}$ between Au+Au and U+U in ultra-central collisions, which is believed to support the different geometry fluctuations. By presenting the newest ATLAS flow measurements in ultra-central collisions, together with detailed MC Glauber studies, I will explain why sign change of $c_2\{4\}$ is observed and its implications. In the end, I will go back to small systems and discuss the potential impact of centrality resolution on pp flow measurements.

  163. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Latest Results from the T2K Experiment"

    Presented by Kendall Mahn, Michigan State University

    Friday, September 29, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    One of the most promising investigations of beyond-the-Standard-Model physics has been the study of neutrino oscillation, that is, the conversion of neutrinos from one flavor to another as they propagate. While neutrino oscillation is studied in a wide variety of experiments, accelerator based experiments, such as T2K, use a muon neutrino or antineutrino beam as a source to look for electron (anti)neutrino appearance, muon neutrino disappearance. The source also is used to make measurements of neutrino interactions and search for exotic physics. This talk will describe a recent analysis of both neutrino and antineutrino beam data from T2K. Comparisons between neutrino and antineutrino event rates provide a tantalizing window on possible CP violation in the neutrino sector. The talk will also highlight the increasingly important role of systematic uncertainty assessment for T2K and other future measurements of CP violation with accelerator beams.

  164. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "QCD on a small circle"

    Presented by Aleksey Cherman, University of Washington

    Friday, September 29, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Recent developments have shown that QCD-like theories can be engineered to remain in a confined phase when compactified on an arbitrarily small circle, where their features may be studied quantitatively in a controlled fashion. I'll explain how a non-perturbative mass gap and chiral symmetry breaking, which are both historically viewed as prototypical strong coupling effects, appear from systematic weak-coupling calculations. Then I'll describe the rich spectrum of hadronic states, including glueball, meson, and baryon resonances in the calculable small-circle context.

  165. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Beauty and charm decays and physics beyond the Standard Model: an experimentalist perspective"

    Presented by Marina Artuso, Syracuse University

    Thursday, September 28, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The Standard Model provides a comprehensive explanation for a vast array of data collected at different experiments. Nonetheless fundamental questions remain unanswered and the search for a more complete theory is still a coveted goal of particle physics. Recently, tensions with standard model predictions have been uncovered in several experimental observables in b-hadron decays at LHCb. I will discuss the data, possible implications, and the connection with other experimental programs such as study of kaon rare decays and neutrino mixing and CP violation

  166. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Suppression of weak ferromagnetism in ultrathin iridates by interfacial engineering of octahedral rotations"

    Presented by Yuefeng Nie, Nanjing University, China

    Thursday, September 28, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin

    Layered iridates, Srn+1IrnO3n+1, have drawn great attention since they share remarkable similarities with high-Tc cuprates, including layered crystalline structure, (pseudo) spin ½ states, antiferromagnetic (AFM) Mott insulating ground state, Fermi arcs, and V shape energy gap, etc. Nonetheless, direct evidences of superconductivity such as zero resistivity and Meissner effect are still lacking up to date. The strong spin-orbit coupling and IrO6 octahedral rotations in 5d iridates result in a canted AFM ground state with weak ferromagnetic moments in each IrO2 plane. Here, we propose to suppress the weak ferromagnetism by suppressing the octahedral rotations in iridates, which may facilitate the Cooper pairing. Using a combination of reactive molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), in situ angleresolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and first principle calculations, we investigate the evolution of octahedral rotations, electronic structure and magnetic ordering in ultra-thin SrIrO3 films grown on (001) SrTiO3 substrate. Our experimental results and theoretical calculations show that octahedral rotations and weak ferromagnetic moments are fully suppressed in 1 and 2 unit cell thick SrIrO3 films through interfacial clamping effects. If time allows, I will also present our recent work on the new understanding of RHEED oscillations in the growth of oxides and the chemically specific termination control of oxide interfaces via layerby- layer mean inner potential engineering.

  167. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Color Memory, Large Gauge Transformations, and Soft Theorems in Yang-Mills Theory"

    Presented by Monica Pate, Harvard University

    Thursday, September 28, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    An infinite dimensional symmetry group which governs the infrared sectors of gauge and gravity theories has been recently discovered. This symmetry can be established both from an asymptotic symmetry analysis as well as from the corresponding Ward identities which are quantum field theoretic soft theorems. Moreover, the spontaneous breaking of these symmetries induces vacuum transitions which are detectable by charged particles through the so-called memory effect. In this seminar, I will explain the precise equivalence between asymptotic symmetries, soft theorems and memory effects in the context of tree level Yang-Mills. In particular, in this context the soft gluon theorem is Ward identity of a large gauge symmetry, whose action on the vacuum can be measured from the relative color charge of colored detectors.

  168. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Ultrafast TEM and Time-of-Flight EELS using microwave cavities"

    Presented by Jom Luiten, Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands

    Friday, September 22, 2017, 11 am
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    Ultrafast Transmission Electron Microscopy (U-TEM) has become a very important tool for the study of ultrafast phenomena at (sub-)nm length scales and (sub-)ps time scales. U-TEM is usually based on the creation of ultrashort electron pulses by femtosecond laser photoemission from a flat cathode, with the result that both the beam quality and the average current are significantly less than in state-of-the-art continuous-beam TEMs. At Eindhoven University we have developed U-TEM in which ultrashort electron pulses are produced by using a 3 GHz deflecting microwave cavity in TM110 mode to sweep a high-brightnes continuous beam across a slit [1]. We have demonstrated ultrafast beam chopping with conservation of the beam quality and the sub-eV energy spread of the FEG source of an adapted 200 keV Tecnai TEM, enabling atomic resolution with sub-ps temporal resolution at 3 GHz rep rate [2] In addition we have developed a new method for doing Time-of-Flight Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (ToF-EELS) based on the combined use of two TM110 deflecting cavities and two TM010 (de)compression cavities. The first 'chopping' TM110 cavity produces ultrashort electron pulses which are sent through a sample. Energy loss in the sample translates into reduction of the electron velocity and thus into a later arrival time at the detector, which is measured with a synchronized second TM110 'streak' cavity. In this way an energy resolution of 12 eV at 30 keV has been demonstrated [3]. By adding a TM010 (de)compression cavity after the sample, the longitudinal phase space can be manipulated in such a way that the energy resolution is improved to 2 eV (to be published). By adding a second TM110 cavity before the sample, full control over the longitudinal phase space can be achieved. Detailed charged particle tracking simulations show that an energy resolution of 20 meV combined with a temporal resolution of 2 ps can be achieved; or, alternatively, 2

  169. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Evidence for the H to bb decay with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Giacinto Piacquadio, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, September 21, 2017, 4 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    Most Higgs bosons are expected to decay to a pair of b-quarks, with the Standard Model predicting a branching fraction of about 58%. Probing this decay is important to furthering our understanding of the Higgs sector, but its observation at hadron colliders is complicated by overwhelming Standard Model backgrounds. In this seminar, the search for the Higgs to bb decay, looking at the associated production of the Higgs boson with a W or Z boson, is presented, based on 36 fb-1 of 13 TeV LHC Run 2 data.

  170. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Two new applications of geometric critical phenomena for disordered electron systems"

    Presented by Matthew Foster, Rice University

    Thursday, September 21, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    I will discuss two very recent results relating to the properties of electrons in two spatial dimensions (2D), subject to the effects of quenched disorder (impurities) and quantum interference [Anderson (de)localization]. In both cases, the key physics is tied to classical geometric critical phenomena in 2D. I will first present numerical evidence that strongly suggests the equivalence of disordered surface states of topological superconductors and geometric percolation. Percolation is known to play a role in quantum Hall systems with magnetic fields. Our unexpected result implies that percolation applies to topological superconductor surface states in the absence of time-reversal symmetry breaking. Moreover, the usual "even-odd" effect that occurs in such a system (as identified by Pruisken in the integer quantum Hall effect and by Haldane for spin chains) is found to be absent. Second, I will discuss a "toy model" for the ergodic to many-body localized phase transition in 2D, and relate it to an effective self-interacting walk. I will present analytical results of a controlled expansion which suggest that the transition can be viewed as a "dephasing catastrophe."

  171. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "TMD gluon distributions for dijet production and their behavior at small x"

    Presented by Elena Petreska, NIKHEF

    Friday, September 15, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Starting from the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) cross section for dijet production in proton-nucleus collisions we derive a transverse-momentum-dependent (TMD) factorization formula for small transverse-momentum imbalance of the jets and for finite number of colors. For the eight TMD distributions appearing in the cross section we determine their operator definitions at small-x as CGC correlators of Wilson lines and we study their JIMWLK evolution. We find that at large transverse momentum the universality of TMDs gets restored. We also discuss an extension of the approach to generalized TMDs (GTMDs) that can give an insight into the angular correlations between impact parameter and dipole size in the CGC framework.

  172. Particle Physics Seminar

    "SB/BNL Joint Cosmo seminar (at BNL): Mapping the Cosmos with the Dark Energy Survey"

    Presented by Dr. Chihway Chang, ETH Zurich

    Thursday, September 14, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

    The first year data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES Y1) provides the most powerful optical survey dataset to date. In this talk I will first give an overall summary of the cosmology results from the DES Y1 dataset combining galaxy clustering and weak gravitational lensing. Next, I will describe our work in generating and testing the wide-field weak lensing mass maps from the galaxy shape measurements and some exciting applications for the maps. I will end with thoughts on how weak lensing could also inform us on various topics of galaxy formation, which is essential for completing the story behind the Universe we see today.

  173. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Thermal Fluctuations in Hydrodynamic Simulations of QGP"

    Presented by Mayank Singh, McGill University

    Thursday, September 14, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    Multi-particle correlations measured in heavy-ion collision experiments carry info on fluctuations present in the entire evolutionary history of the system. Initial states include geometric and quantum fluctuations and are important contributors. The thermal fluctuations during the course of QGP evolution is another conceptually important source of these fluctuations and should be studied in detail. We begin by treating thermal fluctuations as a linearized perturbation on hydrodynamic background. We present a full calculation of hadronic and photonic observables including these fluctuations. Recently we have included fluctuations in our simulations in a non-perturbative manner. Progress based on this approach will be discussed.

  174. Physics Colloquium and Leona Woods Lecture

    "Momentum-space structure of hadrons and nuclei at high energy"

    Presented by Elena Petreska, NIKHEF

    Tuesday, September 12, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    Transverse-momentum-dependent (TMD) distributions describe the configuration of quarks and gluons inside protons and nuclei in three-dimensional momentum space. Observables in scattering experiments can be calculated with the help of TMD factorization formulas, where the target and projectile are represented with non-perturbative TMD distributions, which are separated from the short-distance perturbative part of the collision. A complementary approach to study the momentum structure of protons and nuclei at high energy is the Color Glass Condensate which is an effective theory for the high-gluon-density region of ultra-relativistic particles. We introduce both theories and we discuss connections between them. We present phenomenological results derived from these connections.

  175. NSLS-II Seminar

    "On the assessment of radiation damage and high temperature effects in novel nuclear materials using the BNL accelerators and synchrotrons"

    Presented by Nick Simos, Sr Scientist Emeritus, BNL

    Friday, September 8, 2017, 3 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Ron Pindak

    In search for new and improved materials, composites and super-alloys capable of withstanding the anticipated extreme states associated fusion reactors; high temperature fast reactors and multi-MW particle accelerators, novel reactor steels, super-alloys and composites are continuously being explored to help meet both the challenge of the higher demand environments and the intended application. Higher fluxes and fluences of irradiating species (neutrons and/or protons), extreme temperatures and aggressively corrosive environments make up the new cocktail of operating conditions of the new array of material structures. One of the challenges in characterizing the effects that high radiation fluxes of neutrons and protons induce on these novel material structures in conjunction with high temperatures is the link between lattice induced damage and phase transformation and macroscopic physical properties which ultimately determine performance in the real environment. High energy X-rays at the BNL synchrotrons have offered a path in establishing this important connection between micro-scale effects and physical properties of novel material structures exposed to high radiation fluxes. Specifically, by integrating the unique capabilities of the BNL accelerator complex that includes, in addition to the NSLS and NSLS II, the proton accelerator and Tandem as well as those of CFN, the evolution and/or damage of materials ranging from classical structures such as graphite, beryllium and steels to novel super-alloys, such as those of Invar and "Gum" metal, and new composites have been characterized both at the two length scales. The pivotal role of high energy X-rays from NSLS to NSLS II in making the connection will be presented demonstrating the enormous potential of the NSLS II in answering fundamental questions in our path towards the next generation nuclear materials. Furthermore, first glimpses of the correlation of lattice effects or damage induced by differ

  176. NSLS-II Colloquium Series

    "Experiments, Analyses, and Manipulations with Particle Beam"

    Presented by Shyh-Huan Lee, Indiana University, IN

    Thursday, September 7, 2017, 4 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: John Hill

    Progress on particle beam physics research have provided marked improvements in beam intensity, brightness, and stability advancing frontier research in applied and fundamental science. This talk will review some beam measurements and manipulation studies being undertaken to improve beam performance in storage rings. Hopefully, these studies will be relevant to the operation and improvement of National Accelerator User Facilities.

  177. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Radiation damage study of a thin YAG:Ce scintillator using low-energy protons"

    Presented by Dr. Vladmir Linhart, Czech Technical University in Prague

    Thursday, September 7, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Radiation hardness of a 50µm thin YAG:Ce scintillator in a form of dependence of a signal efficiency on 3.1MeV proton ?uence was measured and analyzed using X-ray beam. The signal efficiency is a ratio of signals given by a CCD chip after and before radiation damage. The CCD chip was placed outside the primary beam because of its protection from damage which could be caused by radiation. Using simplified assumptions, the 3.1MeV proton fluencies were recalculated to: • 150 MeV proton fluencies with intention to estimate radiation damage of this sample under conditions at proton therapy centers during medical treatment, • 150 MeV proton doses with intention to give a chance to compare radiation hardness of the studied sample with radiation hardness of other detectors used in medical physics, • 1 MeV neutron equivalent fluencies with intention to compare radiation hardness of the studied sample with properties of position sensitive silicon and diamond detectors used in nuclear and particle physics. The following results of our research were obtained. The signal efficiency of the studied sample varies slightly (±3%) up to 3.1MeV proton ?uence of c. (4 − 8) × 1014 cm−2. This limit is equivalent to 150MeV proton ?uence of (5 − 9) × 1016 cm−2, 150MeV proton dose of (350 − 600) kGy and 1MeV neutron ?uence of (1 − 2) × 1016 cm−2. Beyond the limit, the signal efficiency goes gradually down. Fifty percent decrease in the signal efficiency is reached around 3.1MeV ?uence of (1 − 2) × 1016 cm−2 which is equivalent to 150 MeV proton ?uence of around 2 × 1018 cm−2, 150MeV proton dose of around 15 MGy and 1 MeV neutron equivalent ?uence of (4 − 8) × 1017 cm−2. In contrast with position sensitive silicon and diamond radiation detectors, the studied sample has at least two order of magnitude greater radiation resistance. Therefore, YAG:Ce sci

  178. Simons Center for Geometry and Physics Public Lecture

    "Mysteries of the Universe and Everyday Life"

    Presented by Michelangelo Mangano; Young-Kee Kim; Joe Lykken, LHC/CERN; University of Chicago; Fermilab

    Tuesday, September 5, 2017, 5:30 pm
    Simons Center at Stony Brook University, Della Pie

    In the past few decades we have learned a great deal about the basic laws of Physics in the infinitely small – and the infinitely large – and how the two are intimately connected. New windows have expanded our understanding, and many unexpected questions have emerged. This is an exhilarating time in history. New tools, both theoretical and observational, may lead in the next decade to major advances in our understanding of the universe. As in the past, when major discoveries are made about the fundamental laws of Nature, not only is our view of the world enriched, but also our life is transformed. A good place to explore the discoveries from the past decades is in the description of symmetry, symmetry breaking and the Higgs boson in High Energy Physics: why, how and where to…. in a nutshell. These talks will present what we know and what we seek in the fundamental laws of Nature; how we go about answering basic questions in high energy experiments, how much we have learned, and how the technical developments needed to make discoveries have changed society. They will also delineate the boundaries of our knowledge and the known unknowns in fundamental high energy physics and cosmology.

  179. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Wiener-SVD approach to data unfolding"

    Presented by Dr. Hanyu Wei, BNL

    Thursday, August 31, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Data unfolding is a commonly used technique in the high energy physics experiments, to retrieve the distorted or transformed measurements by various detector effects. Inspired by the deconvolution technique in the digital signal processing, a new unfolding technique based on the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) of the response matrix is developed. With the well-known Wiener filter concept, the modified SVD approach, Wiener-SVD, achieves the maximizing signal-to-noise ratio of the binned data in a transformed set of orthonormal bases where the uncertainties are bin-to-bin uncorrelated. In this talk, the mathematical principles and formulations of the newly developed Wiener-SVD unfolding will be presented. A few applications will be demonstrated. A comparison with the commonly used regularization method will also be shown. The advantages and disadvantaged of the Wiener-SVD approach will be discussed.

  180. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "QCD corrections to high-pT hadron production in ep scattering"

    Presented by Werner Vogelsang, Tuebingen University

    Friday, August 25, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    We discuss various cross sections and spin observables in high-pT hadron production in lepton proton collisions, with special focus on the role of perturbative QCD corrections. We present phenomenological studies relevant for present fixed-target experiments and for a future EIC.

  181. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Precision tests with antimatter: A glimpse at the 1S – 2S transition in trapped antihydrogen"

    Presented by Dr. William Bertsche, CERN

    Thursday, August 24, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Optical spectroscopy with antihydrogen atoms remains one of the most promising routes towards testing CPT invariance and physics beyond the Standard Model in an effort to address the observed Baryon asymmetry in the Universe today. The ALPHA collaboration has made significant progress towards the first measurements of optical transitions in trapped antihydrogen atoms, and has recently published the first observation of the 1S – 2S transition in a fully antimatter atom. This work finds the transition consistent with CPT invariance at a level of approximately 2 x 10-10 [1]. This talk will review the details of this pioneering experiment and discuss the prospects of future spectroscopy studies and other fundamental measurements with the ALPHA experiment. [1] M. Ahmadi, et al (ALPHA Collaboration), "Observation of the 1S–2S transition in trapped antihydrogen" Nature 541, 506–510 (2017).

  182. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Experiments on electron hydrodynamics with and without applied magnetic fields"

    Presented by Andrew Mackenzie, Max-Planck-Institute, Germany

    Wednesday, August 23, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Will discuss experiments aimed at probing signatures of viscous contributions to electrical transport in ultra pure metallic systems. The hydrodynamic regime was reached in semiconductor heterostructures in the 1990s, but has only recently come into reach in naturally occurring compounds. I will focus on our group's work on layered delafossite metals, but possibly also discuss results from other groups on different material families.

  183. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Factorization and phenomenology for Transverse Momentum Dependent distributions"

    Presented by Ignazio Scimemi, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Friday, August 18, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Factorization and phenomenology for Transverse Momentum Dependent distributions Abstract: The factorization of the hadronic part of the cross sections plays a central role in our comprehension of collider physics. I will review some aspects of the factorization, like the appearence of rapidity divergences and the related subtractions and log resummation (up to higher orders in QCD perturbative expansion) in transverse momentum dependent cross sections. As an application I will describe the inclusion of the TMD formalism in an analysis of vector boson production data.

  184. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Revisit the energy density and the gluon spectrum in the boost-invariant Glasma from a semi-analytic approach"

    Presented by Ming Li

    Thursday, August 17, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    In high energy heavy-ion collisions, the soft degrees of freedom at the very initial stage after the collision can be effectively represented by strong classical gluonic fields within the Color Glass Condensate framework. Understanding the space-time evolution of the system is equivalent to solving the classical Yang-Mills equations for the gluonic fields. There have been many efforts in the past two decades in numerically solving these equations. In this talk, on the contrary, I will use a semi-analytic approach that assumes the solution has the form of a power series expansion in the proper time. I will discuss the energy-momentum tensor and the gluon spectrum obtained from this approach and make comparisons with the numerical results in the literature.

  185. Special Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Gluon orbital angular momentum at small-x"

    Presented by Yoshitaka Hatta, YITP, Kyoto University

    Wednesday, August 16, 2017, 10:30 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Raju Venugopalan

    After reviewing the general aspects of the partonic orbital angular momentum in QCD (rigorous definition, connection to the Wigner distribution, etc), I focus on the gluon OAM in the small-x regime and discuss its measurability and a possible relation to the polarized gluon distribution.

  186. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Resummation of nonglobal logarithms in QCD"

    Presented by Yoshitaka Hatta, Kyoto University

    Friday, August 11, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The large angle emission of soft gluons from QCD jets gives rise to the so-called nonglobal logarithms. In this talk I discuss the resummation of nonglobal logarithms at finite Nc with particular emphasis on its deep connection to the small-x logarithms in high energy scattering.

  187. Brookhaven Lecture

    "516th Brookhaven Lecture: 'From NSLS to NSLS-II and Beyond: Accelerator Physics Challenges'"

    Tuesday, August 8, 2017, 4 pm
    Berkner Hall Auditorium

    Hosted by: Larry Carr

  188. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "General formulae for dipole Wilson line correlators with the Color Glass Condensate"

    Presented by Kenji Fukushima, University of Tokyo

    Friday, August 4, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    I talk about general formulae to compute Wilson line correlators with the Color Glass Condensate approximated by the McLerran-Venugopalan model. Specifically, as an application, I explain about a perturbative expansion of the dipole correlators in terms of 1/N_c to derive fully analytical expressions. I finally discuss the validity of the large-N_c expansion by calculating the higher-order harmonics of the flow observables in the dipole model.

  189. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "From Particles to Patients: The Role of an Epoxide Hydrolase in P. Aeruginosa Virulence"

    Presented by Kelli Hvorency, 2017 Julian D. Baumert. PhD. Thesis Award Winner, Dartmouth College

    Friday, August 4, 2017, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg 743 (LOB 3), room 156

    Hosted by: Ben Ocko, Shirish Chodankar, Milinda Abeykoon, Juergen Thieme and Guimei Wang

  190. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Latest Results from NOvA"

    Presented by Louise Suter, Fermilab

    Thursday, July 27, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    NOvA is a long-baseline neutrino experiment which utilizes two basically fully active, finely segmented, liquid scintillator detectors: a Near Detector located at Fermilab, and a Far Detector located in Ash River, MI, and situated roughly 14 mrad off Fermilab's NuMI beam. Using this narrow-band beam of mostly muon neutrinos we study the oscillation of these neutrinos over the 810 km baseline to measure the rate of electron neutrino appearing and of muon neutrinos and neutral current interactions disappearing between the two detectors. These are interpreted to give our latest measurements on the neutrino mass ordering, CP violation, the flavor content of the third neutrino mass eigenstate, and tests of the three-neutrino paradigm.

  191. Computational Science Initiative Event

    "The AMReX Astrophysics Suite: Simulating the Stars at the Exascale"

    Presented by Michael Zingale, Associate Professor, Dept. Of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, July 27, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Seminar Room, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Meifeng Lin

    Astronomy is an observational science — we take data (primarily light) from the objects in the Universe and use this to infer how systems work. Astrophysical simulations allow us to perform virtual experiments on these systems, giving us the ability to see into stars in a way that light alone does not allow. Stellar systems can be modeled using the equations of hydrodynamics, together with nuclear reactions, self-gravity, complex equations of state, and at times, radiation (and magnetic fields). The resulting simulation codes are multiphysics and multiscale, and a variety of techniques have been developed to permit accurate and efficient simulations. We describe the adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) codes for astrophysics built upon the AMReX library: the AMReX Astrophysics Suite. We'll focus on the codes for stellar / nuclear astrophysics: Maestro and Castro. Maestro models subsonic stellar flows while Castro focuses on highly-compressible flows. They share the same microphysics (reaction networks, equations of state) and parallelization strategy. Through AMReX, we distribute boxes in our AMR hierarchy across nodes and we use OpenMP (via a logical tiling model in Castro) to spread the work on a box across cores in a node. Recently we've implemented a GPU strategy in AMReX that allows us to move the computational kernels onto GPUs to offload expensive calculations. We'll discuss the current performance of the hydrodynamics and reaction networks on GPUs and how our strategy will evolve in the future.

  192. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Classifying Aerosol Particles with a Centrifugal Particle Mass Analyzer (CPMA)"

    Presented by Kristen Okorn, Stevens Institute of Technology (SULI Student Summer 2017)

    Thursday, July 27, 2017, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Ernie Lewis

    Although wood stoves are a carbon-neutral renewable energy source, they are the largest source of particulate matter (PM) emissions in New York State. A Differential Mobility Analyzer (DMA), which classifies particles by their mobility diameter, has traditionally been employed to characterize such particulate emissions. However, because the black carbon (BC) particles produced by combustion that contribute to PM are fractal, their mobility diameters are not equal to their mass-equivalent diameters. In contrast to the DMA, the Centrifugal Particle Mass Analyzer (CPMA) classifies aerosol particles by their mass, using two rotating cylinders and an electric potential; when the centrifugal and electrostatic forces on a particle are equal, it passes through. The CPMA can select particles with masses ranging from 2×10 4 to 1.05×103 fg (corresponding to diameters, for particles with density 1 g cm 3, ranging from 7 to 1300 nm). It can be operated in two different ways: the "Run" classification method can be used to select for a single particle mass, and the "Step Scan" method can be used to select particles over a set range of masses. A neutralizer must be used upstream of the CPMA to create a charge distribution on particles before they enter the instrument. A DMA can optionally be used to pre-select particles of a specific mobility diameter before entering the CPMA. Downstream of the instrument, a Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) must be used in order to determine the number concentration of particles that pass through the CPMA. The basic operating principles of the CPMA are discussed, and results are presented for its characterization of polystyrene latex (PSL) particles, ammonium sulfate particles, and emissions from a wood burning stove.

  193. Particle Physics Seminar

    "W boson mass measurement with the ATLAS experiment"

    Presented by Fabrice Balli, CEA Saclay

    Thursday, July 20, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    The W boson mass is a fundamental parameter of the Standard Model (SM) and was measured by several experiments at high energy e+e- and ppbar colliders. This parameter's measurement has the biggest impact on indirect searches for new particles or interactions, by comparing the measurement of this parameter with the prediction from the SM. It was measured recently by the ATLAS experiment at LHC, using data recorded in 2011, with a centre of mass energy of 7 TeV. I will review the thorough work that was performed in the ATLAS collaboration for this measurement and will discuss some considerations for future measurements at the LHC.

  194. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "Bio-cryo Electron Microscopy: The Opportunity and Plan" and "Characterizing Self-Assembled Nanoparticles Employed in Drug Delivery Systems"

    Presented by Sean McSweeney and Kazuo Sakurai, NSLS-II, BNL and University of Kitakyushu

    Friday, July 14, 2017, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg 743 (LOB 3), room 156

    Hosted by: Ben Ocko, Shirish Chodankar, Milinda Abeykoon, Juergen Thieme and Guimei Wang

  195. Physics Colloquium

    "Anomalies in Reactor Neutrinos"

    Presented by Chao Zhang, BNL

    Tuesday, July 11, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactor neutrinos have played a major role in the discovery of neutrinos and neutrino oscillations. However, recently there emerged a few anomalies from reactor neutrino experiments when compared with state-of-the-art model predictions. The anomalies include a 5.5% deficit of the integrated antineutrino flux, a discrepancy in the antineutrino prompt energy spectrum around 5 MeV, and a 7.8% deficit in the 235U antineutrino flux from the new fuel evolution analysis in the Daya Bay Experiment. In this talk, those anomalies and their implications will be discussed. A new reactor neutrino experiment, PROSPECT, is aiming to resolve the anomalies by precisely measuring the 235U antineutrino spectrum at a very short baseline. The status of the PROSPECT experiment will also be reported

  196. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "High School Research Program Begins"

    Monday, July 10, 2017, 8:30 am
    Hamilton Seminar Room, Bldg. 555

  197. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Holographic Pomeron: Scattering, saturation, entropy and black hole."

    Presented by Ismail Zahed, Stony Brook

    Friday, July 7, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    I will discuss the general nature of the holographic Pomeron as a quantum QCD string exchange in both flat and curved AdS space for both pp and ep collisions at either large energies or small x. This description leads naturally to the concept of wee-strings and their distribution both in rapidity and transverse space. The holographic Pomeron carries intrinsic temperature and entropy, with the latter being identical to the recently reported entanglement entropy. I will show that this non-perturbative description of the Pomeron cross over to the the perturbative one, with a phase boundary dominated by string balls, i.e. long and massive strings near their intrinsic Hagedorn temperature. These string balls lead to a distribution of large multiplicity pp events that is in agreement with the one reported for pp collisions at the LHC. I will show that at low-x, the quantum string is so entangled that very weak string self-interactions can cause it to turn to a black hole. I will suggest that low-x saturation occurs when the density of wee-strings reaches the Bekenstein bound, with a proton size that freezes with increasing rapidity.

  198. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Probing Transverse Momentum Broadening in Heavy Ion Collisions"

    Presented by Feng Yuan, LBL

    Friday, June 30, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    In this talk, we will discuss the dijet azimuthal de-correlation in relativistic heavy ion collisions as an important probe of the transverse momentum broadening effects in heavy ion collisions. We take into account both the soft gluon radiation in vacuum associated with the Sudakov logarithms and the jet PT-broadening effects in the QCD medium. We find that the Sudakov effects are dominant at the LHC, while the medium effects can play an important role at RHIC energies. This explains why the LHC experiments have not yet observed sizable PT-broadening effects in the measurement of dijet azimuthal correlations in heavy ion collisions. Future investigations at RHIC will provide a unique opportunity to study the PT-broadening effects and help to pin down the underlying mechanism for jet energy loss in a hot and dense medium.

  199. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Measurement of longitudinal flow correlations in 2.76 and 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Peng Huo, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, June 27, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    Longitudinal dynamics has recently become a topic of great interest in the study of ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. Measurement of the longitudinal fluctuations of the flow harmonic coefficients $v_n$ and event-plane angles $\Psi_n$ can provide a more complete picture of space-time evolution of the hot, dense medium formed in heavy ion collisions. Longitudinal flow decorrelations can be modeled with two contributions: magnitude fluctuations and event plane twist. However, existing observables do not separate these two effects. In this analysis, a new 4-particle correlator is used to separate the event-plane twist from magnitude fluctuations in 2.76 and 5.02 Pb+Pb collisions. Results show both effects have a linear dependence on pseudorapidity separation for $v_{2-5}$, and show a small but measurable variation with collision energy. The correlation of $\Psi_n $ of different order are also expected to have longitudinal fluctuations due to the non-linear mixing effects between lower and higher order flow harmonics. First measurement of such non-linear mode-mixing effects as a function of pseudorapidity is also presented. These result will help to constrain initial conditions along longitudinal direction and also help understand the longitudinal evolution of the fireball.

  200. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering on "moderately correlated" quantum materials"

    Presented by L. Andrew Wray, New York University

    Thursday, June 22, 2017, 1 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    The resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) technique is best known for significant breakthroughs in the investigation of strongly correlated materials such as cuprates. However, the rapid advancement of RIXS spectrographs has made it increasingly attractive to apply the technique to a broad range of quantum materials outside of this comfort zone. This talk will review lessons learned from our recent measurements on material systems that feature a balance of correlated and itinerant physics, including VO2, the hidden order compound URu2Si2, and Prussian blue analogue battery electrodes. RIXS spectra enable the first observation of important collective modes for these systems, and provide a look into how correlated electron symmetries are melted - or persist! - in relatively itinerant and covalent environments. The data also highlight the need for improved theoretical modeling and higher photon throughput to achieve deeper insights.

  201. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Tailoring Lattice and Charge at Complex Oxide Nanostructures and Interfaces"

    Presented by Xia Hong, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

    Tuesday, June 20, 2017, 11 am
    Bldg. 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

    Capitalizing on the energy competition of charge itineracy with the strong electron-electron and electron-phonon couplings, nanoscale manipulation of the charge and lattice degrees of freedom in strongly correlated oxides can often lead to new functionalities that are inaccessible in the bulk form. In this talk, I will present our studies of the emerging phenomena at epitaxial correlated oxide nanostructures and hetero-interfaces that result from the nanoscale lattice and charge control. By creating nanoscale periodic depth modulation, we have achieved a 50-fold enhancement of the magnetic crystalline anisotropy in ultrathin colossal magnetoresistive (La,Sr)MnO3, which is attributed to a non-equilibrium strain distribution established in the nanostructures [1]. I will also discuss the intricate interplay between epitaxial strain and electric field effect in determining the correlated transport of the charge transfer type Mott insulator (Sm,Nd)NiO3 [2,3], and how the interfacial charge transfer between two correlated oxides can be exploited to effectively engineer the performance of ferroelectric-gated Mott transistors [4]. [1] A. Rajapitamahuni et al., PRL 116, 187201 (2016). [2] L. Zhang et al., JPCM 27, 132201 (2015). [3] L. Zhang et al., APL 107, 152906 (2015). [4] X. Chen et al., Adv. Mater, in press (2017).

  202. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Laser-driven Pulsed Neutron Sources as a Potential Pool-side Characterization Tool for Nuclear Fuels"

    Presented by Sven Vogel, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Monday, June 19, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Emil Bozin

    The unique advantages of neutrons for characterization of nuclear fuel materials [1] are applied at the pulsed spallation neutron source at LANSCE to accelerate the development and ultimately licensing of new nuclear fuel forms. Neutrons allow to characterize the crystallography of phases consisting of heavy elements (e.g. uranium) and light elements (e.g. oxygen, nitrogen, or silicon) [2]. The penetration ability in combination with comparably large (e.g. cm sized) beam spots provide microstructural characterization of typical fuel geometries for phase composition, strains, and textures from neutron diffraction. In parallel, we are developing energy-resolved neutron imaging and tomography with which we can complement diffraction characterization. This unique approach not only allows to visualize cracks, arrangement of fuel pellets in rodlets etc., but also characterization of isotope or element densities by means of neutron absorption resonance analysis [3]. Laser-driven pulsed neutron sources [4] have the potential to provide these capabilities "pool-side", e.g. at the Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory. Compared to proton accelerator driven spallation sources, requiring investments exceeding $1B, the investment cost for a laser-driven neutron source would be of the order of several $10M with the potential of similar flux to that of a smaller, earlier generation spallation neutron source. Compared to electron accelerator-driven neutron sources, the flux of a laser-driven source would be at least one order of magnitude higher. Compared to reactor neutron sources, the pulse structure of the laser-driven neutron source would enable unique characterization not possible with steady-state reactor neutrons. In this presentation, we provide an overview of our recent accomplishments in fuel characterization for accident-tolerant fuel consisting of uranium nitride/uranium silicide composite fuels as well as metallic fuels.

  203. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Better fitting through (fictitious) chemistry"

    Presented by Pasi Huovinen, Uniwersytet Wroclawski

    Monday, June 19, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    One of the puzzles we have faced at the LHC is why the thermal models apparently cannot properly fit the yield of protons. I will explore how the fit improves if we assume that nucleon-antinucleon annihilations freeze-out way later than all other number changing processes or if strange particles freeze-out before non-strange particles, and how this affects the final particle distributions in hydrodynamical calculations.

  204. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Exploring the phase structure and dynamics of QCD"

    Presented by Jan Pawlowski, Heidelberg

    Friday, June 16, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The past years have seen tremendous progress in the description of Quantum Chromodynamics at vanishing and finite temperature and density with functional approaches, such as the functional renormalisation group or Dyson-Schwinger equations. Within these approaches QCD correlation functions of quarks, gluon and hadrons are computed non-perturbatively from first principles. In the talk I will discuss results for the phase structure of QCD at finite temperature and density, as well as for thermodynamical obserables such as the pressure and the trace anomaly. The approach is also applied to baryon number fluctuations. By now functional approaches also allow for a direct computation of transport coefficients in QCD. First results concern the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity over entropy ratio in Yang-Mills theory and QCD. The talk concludes with a discussion of the further prospects for our understanding of the phase structure and dynamics of QCD.

  205. Particle Physics Seminar

    "First Results from XENON1T"

    Presented by Dr. Fei Gao, Columbia University

    Thursday, June 15, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Understanding the properties of dark matter particle is a fundamental problem in particle physics and cosmology. The search of dark matter particle scattering off nuclei target using ultra-low background detector is one of the most promising technology to decipher the nature of dark matter. The XENON1T experiment, which is a dual phase detector with ~2.0 tons of xenon running at the Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy, is designed to lead the field of dark matter direct detection. Since November 2016, the XENON1T detector is continuously taking data, with a background rate of more than one order of magnitude lower than any current generation dark matter search experiment. In this talk, I will present the first dark matter search results from XENON1T. Details about the XENON1T detector as well as the data analysis techniques will also be covered.

  206. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "A model of chiral spin liquids with tunable edge states"

    Presented by Christopher Mudry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland

    Thursday, June 15, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    We construct a quantum field theory in (2+1)-dimensional spacetime for strongly interacting Majorana fields that is amenable to a mean-field approximation. The mean-field phase diagram predicts the existence of two competing phases, one of which supports chiral non-Abelian topological order, while the other supports chiral Abelian topological order. The two mean-field phases are separated by a continuous phase transition. This quantum field theory captures the low-energy physics of quantum spin-1/2 localized on the sites of a lattice whose interactions are $SU(2)$ symmetric but break time-reversal symmetry. The lattice geometry can be interpreted as a one-dimensional stacking of two-leg ladders or as a bilayer of two square lattices. Both incompressible ground states can thus be thought of as chiral spin liquids in two-dimensional space supporting non-Abelian and Abelian topological order, respectively.

  207. HET/RIKEN Seminars

    "Searching for New Physics with Higgs Decays"

    Presented by Daniel Stolarski, Carleton University

    Wednesday, June 14, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  208. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Hadronically interacting Dark Matter, and a new mechanism for the Baryon Asymmetry, within QCD"

    Presented by Professor Glennys Reynolds Farrar, NYU

    Wednesday, June 14, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    There may be a so-far-undiscovered neutral, stable particle composed of 6 quarks, denoted S, with mass m_S ~ 2 m_p. If so, the S is an excellent Dark Matter candidate. More generally, I will discuss how hadronic-strength interaction between DM and baryons can cause local DM to co-rotate with gas and stars, resulting in DM energy deposits below threshold for direct detection. DM-baryon interactions cause rotation curves to reflect baryonic density profiles, as observed in some galaxies, and can help alleviate some of the issues with CDM at small scales. An open question is whether the measured Ly-alpha power spectrum places an upper limit on the DM-baryon cross section, which is sufficiently robust and constraining to rule out the co-rotation scenario. The S-DM scenario suggests a new mechanism for producing the observed baryon asymmetry, and appears capable of naturally explaining the DM to baryon ratio.

  209. Physics Colloquium

    "Stable Sexaquark as Dark Matter"

    Presented by Professor Glennys Reynolds Farrar, NYU

    Tuesday, June 13, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Dark Matter could be composed of an as-yet-undiscovered stable or essentially stable, neutral B=2 hadron composed of uuddss quarks. How such a particle, designated S for Sexaquark and to distinguish from the loosely bound di-Lambda called H-dibaryon, can be compatible with current knowledge is explained. The S is absolutely stable if m_S < 2 m_p+ 2 m_e. If m_S > 2 m_p+ 2 m_e but < m_p+m_e + m_Lambda, its lifetime could be longer than the age of the Universe. Experiments are proposed to discover and measure the mass of the proposed particle. To first approximation it behaves like standardl Cold Dark Matter, but some distinctive differences may help explain some puzzles about DM at galactic scales.

  210. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Gluon structure of hadrons and nuclei"

    Presented by Phiala Shanahan, MIT

    Friday, June 9, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    I will present the results of recent lattice QCD studies of the gluon generalised form factors of both hadrons and light nuclei. The generalised transversity gluon distributions are of particular interest since they are purely gluonic; they do not mix with quark distributions at leading twist. In light nuclei they moreover provide a clean signature of non-nucleonic degrees of freedom. The goal of these studies is to provide QCD predictions to be tested at an electron-ion collider (EIC) designed to access gluon structure quantities including transverse-momentum dependent distributions (TMDs) and gluon generalised parton distributions (GPDs).

  211. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Anomalies and Exact Results In Massive Quantum Chromodynamics"

    Presented by Zohar Komargodski, Stony Brook

    Thursday, June 8, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

  212. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Anatomy of Azimuthal Angle Correlations in Large and Small Systems - Why the fuss?"

    Presented by Roy Lacey, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, June 6, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Azimuthal momentum anisotropy measurements are ubiquitous at both RHIC and the LHC. However, there are pervasive misconceptions as to the mechanistic origin of this anisotropy in both small and large systems. In this talk, I will demonstrate how recent momentum anisotropy measurements, for a broad range of systems, have been leveraged to gain new mechanistic insights and to constrain the properties of the medium produced in these collisions. In particular, the role of final state effects versus initial state momentum domain effects in explanations of the measurements will be addressed.

  213. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Hydrodynamic Fluctuations in Heavy Ion Collisions"

    Presented by Derek Teaney, Stony Brook

    Friday, June 2, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    We develop a set of kinetic equations for hydrodynamic fluctuations which are equivalent to nonlinear hydrodynamics with noise. The hydrokinetic equations can be coupled to existing second-order hydrodynamic codes to incorporate the physics of these fluctuations. We use the hydrokinetic equations to analyze thermal fluctuations for a Bjorken expansion, evaluating the contribution of thermal noise from the earliest moments and at late times. In the Bjorken case, the solution to the kinetic equations determines the coefficient of the first fractional power of the gradient expansion $ \sim 1/(\tau T)^{3/2}$ for the expanding system. Numerically, we find that the contribution to the longitudinal pressure from hydrodynamic fluctuations is larger than second-order hydrodynamics for typical medium parameters used to simulate heavy ion collisions. Subsequently we analyze the behaviour of hydrodynamic fluctuations of near the QCD critical point, and dilineate the relevance Kiblle-Zurek scaling relative to other physics. If time permits we will also describe how thermal fluctuations place a lower bound on the bulk viscosity of QCD. References: Y.~Akamatsu, A.~Mazeliauskas and D.~Teaney, ``A kinetic regime of hydrodynamic fluctuations and long time tails for a Bjorken expansion,'' [arXiv:1606.07742 [nucl-th]]. Y.~Akamatsu, D. Teaney, F. Yan, Y. Yin, ``Transitting the critical point,'' in progress.

  214. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Cloud radiative fraction: Determination by high resolution photography from the surface looking upward"

    Presented by Stephen E. Schwartz, Environmental & Climate Sciences Department

    Thursday, June 1, 2017, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Clouds greatly affect short- and longwave radiation transfer in the atmosphere and consequently climate. Hence it is essential that the amount and radiative influences of clouds be accurately represented in climate models. The conventional measure of the amount of cloud in a grid cell is cloud fraction, CF, the fraction of the surface area covered by cloud. CF is a commonly reported meteorological quantity, with a long record of surface observations, greatly augmented in the past several decades by satellite observations. Global cloud fraction determined from satellite measurements has systematically increased with time, a consequence not of secular increase in cloud fraction but of an increase with time in the sensitivity of active and passive satellite instruments. Such a situation raises the question of whether CF can be defined and how well it can be measured. Commercially available digital cameras provide an unprecedented opportunity for detailed study of cloud structure from the surface, looking upward. Key attributes of such cameras include large number of pixels, (e.g., 3456 x 4608; 16 M pixel) yielding rich detail of spatial structure, high spatial resolution, and high dynamic range (16 bit in each of three color channels at visible wavelengths). In the work reported here two cameras were pointed vertically, typically with field of view FOV 21 × 29 mrad and 120 × 160 mrad, respectively, denoted here narrow field of view, NFOV, and wide field of view WFOV, corresponding, for cloud base at 1 km, to 21 × 29 m (NFOV) and 120 × 160 m (WFOV). For perspective, the FOV for the NFOV camera is 2 × 3 sun diameters and for the WFOV camera 11 × 15 sun diameters. Nominal angular dimension of a single pixel is 6 μrad for the NFOV camera and 34 μrad for the WFOV camera, corresponding, again for cloud height 1 km, to 6 mm and 34 mm, respectively. Such single-pixel resolution is some 3 to 5 orders of magnitude finer than that avai

  215. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Higgs boson properties: what we learn from run II of LHC"

    Presented by Andrei Gritsan, Johns Hopkins University

    Thursday, May 25, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    During the second run in 2015-2016, LHC delivered the number of proton-proton collisions far beyond expectation and at higher energy than in run I. We will review the very first results on the H boson properties based on the full dataset collected by CMS by now. We will go through the four main topics: H boson couplings to gauge bosons, couplings to fermions, self-couplings, and search for an extended Higgs sector. Prospects of some of these measurements through the end of run III and phase II of LHC will be discussed.

  216. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Mixed Anomaly and Global Consistency"

    Presented by Yuya Tanizaki, RBRC

    Thursday, May 25, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    Symmetry and topology are powerful tools to study strongly interacting dynamics. In this talk, we will see that mixed 't Hooft anomaly and global consistency strongly constrains the possible low-energy dynamics in a simple quantum mechanical example. I will briefly explain the same idea is useful to study the phase diagram of bifundamental gauge theories at finite theta angles.

  217. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Cosmology in Mirror Twin Higgs and Neutrinos"

    Presented by Patrick Fox, Fermilab

    Wednesday, May 24, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

  218. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Searching for collectivity and testing the limits of hydrodynamics: results from the 2016 d+Au beam energy scan"

    Presented by Ron Belmont, University of Colorado Boulder

    Tuesday, May 23, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The standard picture of heavy ion collisions is that large systems (collisions of large nuclei like Au+Au and Pb+Pb) create a quark-gluon plasma that exhibits collective behavior indicative of nearly inviscid hydrodynamical evolution. Recently, data from small systems (collisions of a small projectile and a large target like d+Au and p+Pb) have been found to exhibit strikingly similar evidence for collective behavior. To further elucidate these results, RHIC delivered in 2016 a beam energy scan of d+Au collisions at 4 different energies: 200, 62.4, 39, and 19.6 GeV. In this talk we present a wide array of results from the Run16 d+Au BES and discuss the implications for collective behavior and the limits of applicability for hydrodynamics.

  219. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Tiny Bubbles in the Mine: New Results from the PICO-60 Dark Matter Detector"

    Presented by Dr. Eric Dahl, North Western

    Friday, May 19, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The PICO Collaboration builds bubble chambers for the direct detection of WIMP dark matter. These devices are unique among direct detection experiments both in the WIMP models they can probe and the backgrounds they face. The PICO collaboration has set consecutive world-leading direct-detection limits on the spin-dependent WIMP-proton cross section, most recently with a zero-background 1.2 ton-day exposure with a C3F8 target in the PICO-60 detector at SNOLAB. This result is significant not just because it reaches new WIMP parameter space, but also because it demonstrates our ability to eliminate the anomalous bubble nucleation background that limited past bubble chamber WIMP searches, opening the door for experiments at the ton scale and beyond. I will describe this new result from PICO, our immediate plans for new detectors at SNOLAB, and the broader role bubble chambers will play in the future of dark matter detection, including the new scintillating bubble chamber technology developed by my group at Northwestern.

  220. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Probing quantum entanglement at the Electron Ion Collider"

    Presented by Dima Kharzeev, BNL and Stony Brook University

    Thursday, May 18, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

  221. HET/RIKEN Seminars

    "Collider and Cosmological Signatures of a Strong Electroweak Phase Transition"

    Presented by Jonathan Kozaczuk, UMass Amherst

    Wednesday, May 17, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  222. Physics Colloquium

    "Direct Detection of sub-GeV Dark Matter"

    Presented by Rouven Essig, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, May 16, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Dark matter makes up 85% of the matter in our Universe, but we have yet to learn its identity. A broad array of search strategies are needed to probe for non-gravitational interactions between dark matter and ordinary matter. While most searches focus on Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) with masses between 1 GeV and 1 TeV, it is imperative to also consider other motivated dark matter candidates. In this talk, I will discuss dark matter with MeV-to-GeV masses, which is a theoretically and phenomenologically appealing possibility and presents a new frontier in the search for dark matter. I will highlight novel dark matter direct-detection strategies that can probe this under-explored mass range. I will describe how XENON10 data already probes dark matter with masses as low as a few MeV, and discuss improvements expected from new experiments using semiconductors or scintillators. This includes SENSEI, a new ultra-low-threshold silicon CCD detector, which is poised to probe vast new regions of parameter space in the next few years. I will also present a few simple benchmark models of MeV-to-GeV dark matter, and contrast direct-detection probes with searches at colliders and fixed-target experiments.

  223. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Thin-Film Alchemy: Using Epitaxial Engineering to Unleash the Hidden Properties of Oxides"

    Presented by Darrell G. Schlom, Cornell University

    Monday, May 15, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ivan Bozovic

    Guided by theory, unparalleled properties—those of hidden ground states—are being unleashed by exploiting large strains in concert with the ability to precisely control dimensionality and stabilize metastable phases in epitaxial oxide heterostructures. For example, materials that are not ferroelectric or ferromagnetic in their unstrained state can be transmuted into materials that are both at the same time. Similarly, new tunable dielectrics with unparalleled performance have been created as well as a new single-phase multiferroic material where ferroelectricity and strong magnetic ordering are coupled near room-temperature. These are just three examples of the unparalleled properties—those of hidden ground states—being unleashed in epitaxial oxide heterostructures utilizing thin film alchemy

  224. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "Status of SSRF and the Shanghai X-FEL Projects, and Efforts in Single Particle Imaging and Whole Cell Imaging with X-FELs"

    Presented by Thomas Earnest, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility

    Friday, May 12, 2017, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg 743 (LOB 3), room 156

    Hosted by: Ben Ocko and Shirish Chodankar

  225. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The nucleon axial charge from Lattice QCD"

    Presented by Enrico Rinaldi, RBRC

    Thursday, May 11, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

  226. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Probing nucleon substructure with Bayesian parameter estimation"

    Presented by Scott Moreland, Duke

    Friday, May 5, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Multi-particle correlations observed in small collision systems at top LHC energies exhibit signatures which are similar to those observed in large collision systems and generally attributed to the formation of a deconfined quark-gluon plasma (QGP). This suggests that even proton-proton and proton-lead collisions may produce small droplets of QGP which translate spatial inhomogeneities into final-state momentum anisotropies. A primary challenge in testing hydrodynamic descriptions of small collision systems is in modeling the initial stages of the collision. In this talk, I discuss recent efforts to apply Bayesian methodology to parametric descriptions of initial state physics. I show that such methods can be extended to smaller length scales which include partonic degrees of freedom and glean information regarding the fluctuating nature of the proton.

  227. Computational Science Initiative Event

    "Frontiers for High Performance Computing in Cancer Research"

    Presented by Dr. Eric A. Stahlberg, Frederick Nat Lab for Cancer Research

    Friday, May 5, 2017, 10 am
    Seminar Room, Bldg. 725

    Hosted by: Frank Alexander

    Anticipated advances in high-performance computing are enabling exciting new areas of computational and data oriented cancer research. These frontiers are being explored in a unique collaboration between the US Department of Energy and the National Cancer Institute in the Joint Design of Advanced Computing Solutions for Cancer. While the three-year collaboration is still in its first year, the collaboration is providing tremendous insight into the promise and challenges of employing extreme scale computing to advance research in the challenging and complex problem of cancer. Challenged with the aim of providing predictive insight in areas such as tumor response to treatments, molecular level interactions, and even clinical outcomes, the collaborative effort advances the frontiers of cancer research and computing in both numerically-intensive and data-intensive applications, while providing insights into opportunities for the high-performance computing community overall.

  228. Particle Physics Seminar

    "New MEG Results and Prospects for Improved Searches for Muon and Electron Number Violation in the Charged Sector"

    Presented by William Molzon, University of California, Irvine

    Thursday, May 4, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Searches for muon and electron number violation in the charged sector continue to be a sensitive probe of non Standard Model physics. I will give results of the full data-set of the MEG collaboration's search for muons decaying to electron plus photon and describe improvements to the MEG muon beam and apparatus that will improve sensitivity by a factor of ten in the next few years. I will also briefly review other experiments in the planning and early construction phases that are expected to improve sensitivity in related processes in the coming 5-10 years.

  229. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Transient Dynamics of Strongly Correlated Electrons After Sudden Excitations"

    Presented by Marco Schiro, Institut de Physique Theorique (IPhT), CEA, Saclay, France

    Thursday, May 4, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    The development of pump-probe spectroscopies with femtosecond time resolution, which allows to track the dynamics of electronic degrees of freedom in solids under optical excitations, opens up a new window to understand strongly correlated materials and offers the intriguing possibility of controlling their properties with light, on ultra-fast time scales. Triggered by these advances, the interest around time dependent phenomena in quantum many body systems has recently substantially grown. In this talk will review recent progress in understanding transient dynamics of electrons in correlated metals, Mott Insulators and superconductors. I will show that quite generically these systems display very sharp dynamical transitions as a function of the external perturbation, in correspondence of which the lattice response and the sensitivity to density inhomogeneities can be greatly enhanced.

  230. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Lattice study of gauge theory with multiple fermion representations"

    Presented by Ethan Neil, University of Colorado, Boulder and RBRC

    Thursday, May 4, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    "There is long-standing theoretical interest in the behavior of a strongly-coupled gauge theory in the presence of multiple fermions charged under different representations of the gauge group. In addition to the question of whether generation of dynamically separated scales will occur, such theories appear commonly in UV realizations of composite Higgs models with partially composite top quarks. I will present a first lattice study of SU(4) gauge theory with fermions in each of the two lowest-lying representations, discussing the finite-temperature phase structure and low-lying spectrum. Connections to BSM physics through a particular composite Higgs model will also be made."

  231. Joint YITP/HET Seminar

    "Evidence for a ~17 MeV Particle in Rare Beryllium-8 Decays?"

    Presented by Tim Tait, UCI

    Wednesday, May 3, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Amarjit Soni

  232. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Analyticity in Spin and Causality in Conformal Theories"

    Presented by Simon Caron-Huot, McGill

    Friday, April 28, 2017, 2 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The conformal bootstrap aims to calculate scaling dimensions and correlation functions in various theories, starting from general principles such as unitarity and crossing symmetry. I will explain that local operators are not independent of each other but organize into analytic functions of spin, and I will present a formula, extending a classic one due to Froissart and Gribov in the early days of Regge theory, which quantifies the consequences of this fact. Applications will include a new way to solve crossing symmetry at large spin, as well as new bounds encoding bulk locality in theories with a gravity dual. Based on 1703.00278.

  233. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Spin-liquids in novel triangular and kagome rare-earth magnets"

    Presented by Martin Mourigal, Georgia Tech

    Friday, April 28, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    Insulating magnets combining the effects of geometrical frustration with strong spin-orbit coupling offer a prime route to realize correlated quantum states with exotic ground-states and excitations. Spin-space anisotropy and bond-directional magnetic exchange interactions are naturally present in rare-earth oxides. One of the most celebrated consequence is the existence of classical and quantum "spin-ice" physics in rare-earth pyrochlores, materials in which magnetic ions occupy a three-dimensional network of corner-sharing tetrahedra. In this talk, I will present the discovery of distinct flavors of exotic magnetic matter in families of rare-earth oxides with two-dimensional kagome [1] and triangular [2] geometries. This experimental work relies on recent advances in materials synthesis and combines thermodynamic characterization with state-of-the-art neutron scattering experiments to unravel the classical or quantum nature of these newly discovered quasi-two-dimensional spin-liquids. [1] Emergent order in the kagome Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14, J. A. M. Paddison, H. S. Ong, J. O. Hamp, P. Mukherjee, X. Bai, M. G. Tucker, N. P. Butch, C. Castelnovo, M. Mourigal, and S. E. Dutton, Nature Communications 7, 13842 (2016). [2] Continuous excitations of the triangular-lattice quantum spin liquid YbMgGaO4, J. A. M. Paddison, M. Daum, Z. L. Dun, G. Ehlers, Y. Liu, M. B. Stone, H. D. Zhou, and M. Mourigal, Nature Physics AOP (2016).

  234. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Magnetometry Study of Underdoped Cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.55"

    Presented by Fan Yu, University of Michigan

    Friday, April 28, 2017, 11 am
    Bldg. 734, ISB. Conf. Rm. 168

    Hosted by: Qiang Li

    This talk would be focused on my study of the phase diagram of underdoped cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.55 using torque magnetometry as well as my exploration of extending magnetometry method into even higher magnetic fields (>45T) using pulsed magnet. The complex phase diagrams of cuprates are sometimes referred to as "competing orders", where a large variety of ordering tendencies are known to (co-)exist. Our experiment managed to reveal an anomaly on the magnetic susceptibility, which we believe was related to charge density wave transition. Particularly interesting is that this anomaly is observed in the strong diamagnetic regime where vortex liquid exists. We believe this should be considered as a direct experimental evidence for the picture of "competing orders". To further our understanding of the quantum vortex liquid, experiments at mK temperatures and at magnetic field exceeding 40 Tesla are necessary. During my PhD study, considerable amount of time was devoted to developing a reliable magnetometry method utilizing the pulsed magnet at NHMFL, Los Alamos. I would like to present my trail-and-error as well as the proposition of "time-delayed probe design", which should be able to bypass the inherent noise of a pulsed environment.

  235. Particle Physics Seminar

    "CP violation in neutrino oscillations and impact of new physics"

    Presented by Dr. Poonam Mehta

    Friday, April 28, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The study of CP violation addresses fundamental questions such as - are the laws of physics the same for matter and anti-matter. CP is a discrete symmetry of nature given by a product of two quantities : charge conjugation (C) and parity (P). Detecting leptonic CP violation is one of the most challenging goals in particle physics today. An attractive possibility to measure CP phase is via long baseline accelerator experiments such as Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). In this talk, we will show that clean extraction of CP violating phase becomes a formidable task in presence of new physics and one needs to devise ways to distinguish between standard paradigm and the new physics scenarios.

  236. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searching for Optical Counterparts to Gravitational Wave Events in the Dark Energy Survey"

    Presented by Jim Annis, Fermilab

    Thursday, April 27, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

  237. Physics Colloquium

    "Current Status of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Research"

    Presented by Bob McKeown, Jefferson Lab

    Tuesday, April 25, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would establish that neutrinos are Majorana fermions and would represent a discovery of profound importance: that lepton number is not conserved. There is currently a worldwide effort to search for neutrinoless double beta decay, using a variety of candidate isotopes and detector technologies. A subcommittee of the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) recently surveyed the field and the associated research and development needs. Based on the information provided to this subcommittee, I will present an overview of the present activity in this field and the prospects for the future.

  238. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Forward particle production in pA: implementing the NLO hybrid formalism"

    Presented by Tuomas Lappi, University of Jyväskylä

    Friday, April 21, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Single inclusive particle production cross sections in high energy hadron collisions at forward rapidity are an important benchmark process for the CGC picture of small x QCD. The process can be calculated in the "hybrid formalism", where a collinear large-x quark or gluon scatters off the dense color field of the target. Recent calculations at next-to-leading order in perturbation theory have not led to a stable physical result for the single inclusive cross section at high transverse momenta. The problem with these NLO calculations lies in the subtraction procedure for the soft "rapidity" divergence which must be absorbed into BK renormalization group evolution of the target. This talk discusses recent work to understand and resolve the problems with the subtraction procedure. In particular, we have recently implemented numerically the quark channel production cross section using a new rapidity factorization procedure proposed by Iancu et al. For a fixed coupling one does indeed obtain a physically meaningful cross section which is positive and reduces in a controlled way to previous leading order calculations. However, it is not yet clear how to generalize this to running coupling in a way that is fully consistent with previous leading order calculations in coordinate space.

  239. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searching for Our Milky Way's Dark Companions"

    Presented by Alex Drlica- Wagner, Fermilab

    Thursday, April 20, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

    Our Milky Way galaxy is surrounded by a multitude of dwarf satellite galaxies. They are some of the oldest, least luminous, most metal poor, and most dark-matter-dominated objects known. These extreme objects provide a unique opportunity for testing the standard models of cosmology and galaxy formation. In addition, the relative proximity and large dark matter content of dwarf galaxies make them excellent systems for probing the fundamental properties of dark matter. Over the past two years, the unprecedented sensitivity of the Dark Energy Camera has allowed us to nearly double the known population of Milky Way satellites. These discoveries help address the "missing satellites problem" and can be used to test the particle nature of dark matter. However, they also raise new questions concerning the role of the Magellanic Clouds in the formation of the Milky Way's satellite population. I will summarize recent results, outstanding questions, and upcoming advances in the study of the Milky Way's dark companions.

  240. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Unpaired Spins in Superconductors: From Assassin to Enabler"

    Presented by Jeffrey Lynn, NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Thursday, April 20, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    The magnetic properties of superconductors have a rich and interesting history, and we will briefly review some highlights. Early work showed that even tiny concentrations of magnetic impurities destroyed the superconducting pairing through the exchange-driven spin depairing mechanism, prohibiting any possibility of magnetic order coexisting with superconductivity. The first exceptions to this rule were provided by the cubic rare-earth substituted CeRu2 alloys, followed by the ternary Chevrel-phase superconductors (e.g. HoMo6S8) and related compounds, where long range magnetic order coexists or competes with superconductivity. The very low magnetic ordering temperatures (~1 K) suggested that dipolar rather than exchange interactions dominate, thus (it was thought) allowing the coexistence. These materials also provided the first examples of the competition between ferromagnetism and superconductivity. In the newer borocarbide class of magnetic superconductors (e.g. ErNi2B2C), however, it became clear that the magnetic order is in fact exchange driven. The borocarbides also provided the first example of the spontaneous formation of flux quanta (vortices). For the cuprate and iron-based superconductors (formerly known as "high Tc") we now have come full circle, as the spins are not only tolerated but are intimately tied to the superconductivity. The "parent" cuprate systems are Mott-Hubbard antiferromagnetic insulators with very strong magnetic interactions that are two-dimensional in nature. These strong exchange interactions survive into the superconducting state, yielding highly correlated electrons that participate directly in the superconducting pairing. The "parent" materials of the new iron-based high TC superconductors are also antiferromagnets with very energetic spin excitations, and in the superconducting regime they form a "magnetic resonance" that is directly tied to the superconducting order parameter, ju

  241. Particle Physics SB/BNL Joint Cosmo seminar

    "TBD"

    Presented by Kyle Story, Stanford

    Wednesday, April 19, 2017, 3 pm
    Stony Brook University

  242. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Listening to the hydrodynamic noise of Dirac fluid in graphene"

    Presented by Kin Chung Fong, Raytheon BBN Technologies and Harvard University

    Tuesday, April 18, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Qiang Li

    Interactions between the Dirac fermions in graphene can lead to new collective behavior described by hydrodynamics. By listening to the Johnson noise of the electrons, we are able to probe simultaneously the thermal and electrical transport of the Dirac fluid and observe how it departs from Fermi liquid physics. At high temperature near the neutrality point, we find a strong enhancement of the thermal conductivity and breakdown of Wiedemann-Franz law in graphene. This is attributed to the non-degenerate electrons and holes forming a strongly coupled Dirac fluid. At lower temperatures beyond the hydrodynamic behavior, the Dirac fermions are in extreme thermal isolation with minute specific heat that can be exploited for ultra-sensitive photon detection. We will present our latest experimental result towards observing single microwave photons and explore its role in scaling up the superconducting qubit systems. Our model suggests the graphene-based Josephson junction single photon detector can have a high-speed, negligible dark count, and high intrinsic quantum efficiency for applications in quantum information science and technologies. Ref: Science 351, 1058 (2016)

  243. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Search for the Chiral Magnetic Effect at RHIC : challenges and opportunities"

    Presented by Prithwish Tribedy, BNL

    Tuesday, April 18, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jia Jiangyong

    In this talk I will discuss about the ongoing and future efforts at RHIC towards the search for the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME). I will focus on the recent STAR measurements of the charge separation across the reaction plane, a predicted signal of the Chiral Magnetic Effect. Although charge separation has been observed, it has been argued that the measured separation in A+A collisions can be explained by elliptic flow related backgrounds. I will discuss on the challenges in disentangling such background contributions from the signals of CME. I will also discuss on implications of the recent measurements of charge separation in p+A collisions towards the search for CME.

  244. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Effect of magnetic field on flow fluctuations in"

    Presented by Ajit M. Srivvastava

    Friday, April 14, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Very strong magnetic fields can arise in non-central heavy-ion collisions at ultrarelativistic energies, which may not decay quickly in a conducting plasma. We carry out magnetohydrodynamics simulations to study the effects of this magnetic field on the evolution of the plasma and on resulting flow fluctuations. Our results show that magnetic field leads to enhancement in elliptic flow, while flow fluctuations lead to reorganization of magnetic flux resulting in a transient increase in the local magnetic field. We also show generation of vorticity arising from nontrivial dependence of magnetosonic waves on pressure gradients and magnetic field direction. Magnetic field from collision of deformed nuclei shows very nontrivial features and can lead to qualitatively new effects on plasma evolutions. We discuss possibility of dynamo effect in the presence of vortices if any exotic high baryon density QCD phases are achieved in heavy-ion collisions.

  245. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Natural Seesaw in Warped/Composite Higgs framework and its LHC Signals"

    Presented by Kaustubh Agashe, University of Maryland

    Thursday, April 13, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

    I will show how a natural seesaw model for SM neutrino mass arises within the general framework of a warped extra dimension (dual to composite Higgs in 4D). It starts out as an attempt at implementing the high-scale seesaw mechanism. I will first carefully determine what the underlying dynamical picture really is. Motivated by this physical understanding, LHC signals of TeV-mass SM singlet neutrinos within a specific model for the electroweak gauge sector will be discussed. Some of these channels are similar to those studied in 4D left-right (LR) symmetric models, but nonetheless the two can be distinguished. While other signals are more characteristic of the 5D/composite framework, i.e., are absent in 4D LR models.

  246. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Electronic Squeezing of Pumped Phonons: Negative $U$ and Transient Superconductivity"

    Presented by Dante Kennes, Columbia University

    Thursday, April 13, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Neil Robinson

    Advances in light sources and time resolved spectroscopy have made it possible to excite specific atomic vibrations in solids and to observe the resulting changes in electronic properties but the mechanism by which phonon excitation causes qualitative changes in electronic properties has remained unclear. Here we show that the dominant symmetry-allowed coupling between electron density and dipole active modes implies an electron density-dependent squeezing of the phonon state which provides an attractive contribution to the electron-electron interaction, independent of the sign of the bare electron-phonon coupling and with a magnitude proportional to the degree of laser-induced phonon excitation. Reasonable excitation amplitudes lead to non-negligible attractive interactions that may cause significant transient changes in electronic properties including superconductivity. The mechanism is generically applicable to a wide range of systems, offering a promising route to manipulating and controlling electronic phase behavior in novel materials.

  247. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Systematic study of hadron production in highly asymmetric collisions at PHENIX"

    Presented by Norbert Novitzky, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, April 11, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    The observation of long range correlations in highly asymmetric systems as in p+Pb and d+Au collisions suggests the creation of a medium with collective behavior. Single particle production has proven to be a valuable tool to probe the quark-gluon plasma formed in heavy ion collisions as it is sensitive to energy loss, modifications of the nuclear wavefunction. It is an open question whether the apparent medium in small-on-large collisions and the QGP in large-on-large collisions is indeed the same, as is the role of the dynamics of the projectile (nucleon) wavefunction. In order to address these questions with a systematic study of highly asymmetric collisions, the RHIC collider provided beams for p+Al, p+Au, d+Au and 3He+Au collisions. The hadron production as a function of transverse momentum (pT) and rapidity can provide us very useful information about the evolution of the initial state and medium formation with system size. We will present the neutral pion and charged hadron measurements at forward, mid- and backward rapidities and discuss the implications of the results.

  248. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Anisotropic dissipative fluid dynamics - foundations & applications in heavy-ion physics"

    Presented by Professor Dirk Rischke, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität

    Friday, April 7, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    In collisions of heavy ions at ultrarelativistic energies, a system of hot and dense strongly interacting matter is created. This matter exhibits a surprisingly strong degree of collectivity, implying a short mean free path of its constituents and, consequently, a small shear viscosity-to-entropy density ratio. This allows to describe the evolution of the system using relativistic dissipative fluid dynamics. Dissipative fluid dynamics can be understood as an expansion around local thermodynamical equilibrium, corresponding to the ideal-fluid limit where dissipative corrections are absent. A short mean free path means that this expansion is well defined and converges sufficiently rapidly. Nevertheless, in the initial stage of a heavy-ion collision, space-time gradients of the fluid-dynamical fields (energy-momentum and net-charge densities) are so large that dissipative corrections to the ideal-fluid limit can become sizable. In this situation, novel approaches to relativistic dissipative fluid dynamics are called for. One such approach is anisotropic dissipative fluid dynamics, which is based on an expansion around an anisotropic non-equilibrium state (instead of local thermodynamical equilibrium, as in conventional dissipative fluid dynamics). In this talk, I present a derivation of the equations of motion of anisotropic dissipative fluid dynamics from the Boltzmann equation, using the method of moments. I also discuss how to resolve an ambiguity to close the system of equations of motion in the case when there are no corrections to the anisotropic state which constitutes the basis of the moment expansion.

  249. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "Next Generation Readout Electronics: Highly Integrated, High Performance and Low Cost Data Acquisition for Future Instrumentation Needs"

    Presented by Isar Mostafanezhad, Nalu Scientific, LLC

    Thursday, April 6, 2017, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    In this presentation, we discuss recent progress in high channel count data acquisition systems for large experiments. In recent years Nalu Scientific has established a new model for integration of readout electronics with detectors for HEP/NP applications. The most recent work has been involvement in the commissioning of the Belle II Time of Propagation Klong and Muon subdetectors at KEK in Japan. These innovations resulted in modern, modular, compact and high performance readout systems. Nalu Scientific, under multiple SBIR awards, has been working to commercialize these technologies to become available as off-the-shelf products for future experiments. We will cover: 1. Summary of Belle II TOP PID and KLM subdetectors 2. High performance, highly integrated, low cost readout 3. Current efforts in high resolution/ high performance timing 4. Specialized compact readout electronics for SiPMs

  250. A Special HET/RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The Road to Nuclear Physics from Standard Model"

    Presented by Zohreh Davoudi, MIT

    Thursday, April 6, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    At the core of nuclear physics is to understand complex phenomena occurring in the hottest and densest known environments in nature, and to unravel the mystery of the dark sector and other new physics possibilities. Nuclear physicists are expected to predict, with certainty, the reaction rates relevant to star evolutions and nuclear energy research, and to obtain the "standard" effects in nuclei to reveal information about the "non-standard" sector. To achieve such certainty, the field has gradually started to eliminate its reliance on the phenomenological models and has entered an era where the underlying interactions are "effectively" based on the Standard Model of particle physics, in particular Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The few-nucleon systems can now emerge directly from the constituent quark and gluon degrees of freedom and with only QCD interactions in play, using the numerical method of lattice QCD. Few-body observable, such as few-nucleon interactions and scattering amplitudes, as well transition amplitudes and reaction rates, have been the focus of this vastly growing field, as once obtained from QCD, and matched to effective field theories, can advance and improve the nuclear many-body calculations of exceedingly complex systems. This talk is a brief introduction to this program and its goals, with a great focus on the progress in few-body observables from QCD.

  251. HET Seminar

    "Hints of New Physics in Semi-leptonic B-meson Decays"

    Presented by Diptimoy Ghosh, Weizman

    Wednesday, April 5, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Amarjit Soni

    In recent years, a number of interesting signals of potential new physics in semi-leptonic B-meson decays have been reported both by the B-factories as well as the LHCb. In this talk, I will discuss these observations with a particular emphasis on the observable $R_{D^*}$, the ratio of the branching fraction of $\bar{B} \to D^* \tau \bar{\nu}_\tau$ to that of $\bar{B} \to D^* \ell \bar{\nu}_\ell (\ell = \mu, e )$, which shows a 3.3 sigma deviation from the Standard Model prediction. I will present an effective field theory analysis of these potential new physics signals and discuss possible ways to distinguish the various operators.

  252. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "New insights to the search for the anomalous chiral effects using small colliding system at the LHC"

    Presented by Zhoudunming Tu, Rice University

    Tuesday, April 4, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jiangyong Jia

    In relativistic heavy ion collisions, anomalous chiral effects have been predicted to occur in presence of a strong magnetic field induced by the spectator protons, e.g., the chiral magnetic effect (CME) and chiral magnetic wave (CMW). In the past decade, measurements of CME and CMW have been attempted from RHIC to the LHC energies, where significant signals were found to be in line with expectations of the chiral effects. However, soon after the initial excitement, various sources of background effects were identified and proposed to qualitatively describe the data. The origin of the backgrounds has been extensively studied, but still remains inconclusive to date. Recently, novel collective phenomenon has been found in high-multiplicity pA collisions, similar to those in AA collisions. Due to the weak correlation between the magnetic field direction and the event plane, the high-multiplicity pPb data are expected to have much suppressed CME and CMW signal, comparing to that in PbPb collisions, and thus provide an ideal testing ground to observables related to the anomalous chiral effects. In this talk, I will present new measurements related to the CME and CMW from CMS in pPb and PbPb collisions at the LHC, and discuss their implications to the search for the anomalous chiral effects including an outlook for future studies.

  253. Instrumentation Division Seminar

    "Ultrafast imaging technology: from visible light to high-energy X-ray photons"

    Presented by Zhehui Wang, LANL

    Friday, March 31, 2017, 2:30 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 535

    We are now in the era of ultrafast imaging, which is the ability to observe transient events with a time duration no longer than 100 ps (one billionth of the time for eye blinking). Innovative methods have demonstrated photography at the mind-bending speed of one trillion frames per second. Several recent advances make ultrafast imaging possible: ultrashort lasers and X-rays for illumination, abilities to harvest ultrafast responses in materials for efficient photon and electron detection, innovative ways to store and process data. It will be shown that ultrafast imaging technology is a natural fit to mesoscopic science. Meanwhile, ultrafast imaging technology also permits photography of macroscopic objects around the corner or hidden away from the direct line of sight. One recent LANL interest in ultrafast high-energy X-ray imaging is driven by MaRIE. Some material challenges will be highlighted towards a GHz frame-rate burst mode camera for photons at above 30 keV energies.

  254. Particle Physics Seminar

    "neutrinoless double beta decay and nuclear structure theory"

    Presented by Professor Petr Vogel, Caltech

    Friday, March 31, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Search for the neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the main goals of nuclear physics community worldwide. If observed, it would be an example of "physics beyond the Standard Model", showing that the lepton number is not a conserved quantity and that neutrinos are massive Majorana fermions. After introducing the subject and its particle physics consequences I will concentrate on the issue of evaluation of the nuclear matrix elements. Despite decades of effort and hundreds of publications, different approaches give results that differ by roughly a factor of three, and it is difficult to decide which of them is the most realistic. I will describe the strengths and weaknesses of the nuclear models used. In addition, I will discuss the problem of "quenching", i.e. of reduction of the matrix elements of weak axial current in complex nuclei, that potentially affects the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix element values signiffcantly

  255. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Evaluation of reactor neutrino flux: issues and uncertainties"

    Presented by Professor Petr Vogel, Caltech

    Thursday, March 30, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Evaluation of the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum is an essential ingredient of their application in the neutrino oscillation studies. Two anomalies, i.e. discrepancies between the observed and expected count rates, are widely discussed at the present time. The total rate is about 6% lower than the expectation at all distances > 10 m from the reactor. And there is a shoulder (often referred to as "bump") at neutrino energies 5-7 MeV, not predicted in the calculated spectrum. I review the ways the flux and spectrum is evaluated. I argue that far reaching conclusions based on these anomalies should await a thorough understanding of the uncertainties of the spectrum, and point out possible standard physics sources of the anomalies.

  256. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Explore Mesoscopic Physics in Strongly Correlated Electron Materials with IR near-field microscopy and spectroscopy"

    Presented by Mengkun Liu, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, March 30, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    In strongly correlated electron materials, the delicate interplay between spin, charge, and lattice degrees of freedom often leads to extremely rich phase diagrams exhibiting intrinsic phase inhomogeneities. The key to understanding such complexities usually lies in the characterization and control of these materials at fundamental energy, time and length scales. I will use this opportunity to report the recent advances in the IR and THz near-field microscopy and spectroscopy, and explain how they can be used to probe electronic/structural phase transitions with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolutions. Specifically, with scanning near-field infrared microscopy we resolved the insulator to metal phase transitions in 3d (VO2), 4d (Ca2RuO4) and 4f (SmS) materials with ~10 nm resolution over a broad spectral range. The results set the stage for future spectroscopic investigations to access the fundamental properties of complex materials.

  257. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The hadronic light-by-light contribution to muon g-2 from lattice QCD"

    Presented by Luchang Jin, BNL

    Thursday, March 30, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Enrico Rinaldi

    The current measurement of muonic g-2 disagrees with the theoretical calculation by about 3 standard deviations. Hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP) and hadronic light by light (HLbL) are the two types of processes that contribute most to the theoretical uncertainty. The current value for HLbL is still given by models. We report our latest lattice calculation of hadronic light-by-light contribution to muon g-2 using our recent developed moment method. The connected diagrams and the leading disconnected diagrams are included. The calculation is performed on a 48^3 × 96 lattice with physical pion mass and 5.5 fm box size. We expect sizable finite volume and finite lattice spacing corrections to the results of these calculations which will be estimated in calculations to be carried out over the next 1-2 years.

  258. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Is there evidence for cosmic acceleration?"

    Presented by Subir Sarkar, Oxford University

    Thursday, March 30, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The 'standard' model of cosmology is founded on the basis that the expansion rate of the universe is accelerating at present – as was inferred from the Hubble disgram of Type la supernovae. There exists now a much bigger database of supernovae so we can perform rigorous statistical tests to check whether these 'standardisable candles' indeed indicate cosmic acceleration. Taking account of the empirical procedure by which corrections are made to their absolute magnitudes to allow for the varying shape of the light curve and extinction by dust, we find that the data are still consistent with a constant rate of expansion. The implications of this will be discussed.

  259. Physics Colloquium

    "Physics in the complex domain"

    Presented by Carl Bender, Washington University

    Tuesday, March 28, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    The theory of complex variables is extremely useful because it helps to explain the mathematical behavior of functions of a real variable. Complex variable theory also provides insight into the nature of physical theories. For example, it provides a simple and beautiful picture of quantization and it explains the underlying reason for the divergence of perturbation theory. By using complex-variable methods one can generalize conventional Hermitian quantum theories into the complex domain. The result is a new class of parity-time-symmetric (PT-symmetric) theories whose remarkable physical properties have been studied and verified in many recent laboratory experiments.

  260. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Thermalization and light cones in a model with weak integrability breaking"

    Presented by Stefan Groha, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

    Tuesday, March 28, 2017, 11 am
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Neil Robinson

    We employ equation of motion techniques to study the non-equilibrium dynamics in a lattice model of weakly interacting spinless fermions. Our model provides a simple setting for analyzing the effects of weak integrability breaking perturbations on the time evolution after a quantum quench. We establish the accuracy of the method by comparing results at short and intermediate times to time-dependent density matrix renormalization group computations. For sufficiently weak integrability-breaking interactions we always observe prethermalization plateaux, where local observables relax to non-thermal values at intermediate time scales. At later times a crossover towards thermal behaviour sets in. We determine the associated time scale, which depends on the initial state, the band structure of the non-interacting theory, and the strength of the integrability breaking perturbation. Our method allows us to analyze in some detail the spreading of correlations and in particular the structure of the associated light cones in our model. We find that the interior and exterior of the light cone are separated by an intermediate region, the temporal width of which appears to scale with a universal power-law t 1/3.

  261. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Beam energy and system dependence of anisotropic flow measurements from STAR"

    Presented by Niseem Magdy, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, March 28, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    Recent STAR measurements of azimuthal anisotropy have focused on the use of two- and multi-particle correlations as probes for model constraints for the temperature dependence of the specific shear viscosity $\eta/s$ and the initial-state structure of the collision zone. We will discuss and summarize recent two- and multi-particle correlations measurements of $v_n$ $(n > 1)$ , dipolar flow $v^{even}_1$, and $\langle cos(n \varphi_{1} + m \varphi_{2} - (n+m) \varphi_{3}) \rangle$, as a function of centrality, transverse momentum ($p_T$), and pseudorapidity ($\eta$) for $Au+Au$ at ($\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 7 - 200$~GeV;{em BES-I}), $U+U$ at ($\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV) and $Cu+Au$ , $Cu+Cu$ ,$d+Au$ ,$p+Au$ at ($\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV).

  262. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy of Iron Pnictide Superconductors"

    Presented by Jonathan Pelliciari, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland

    Monday, March 27, 2017, 10 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    I will describe Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering (RIXS) experiments performed at the Swiss Light Source focusing on the detection of high-energy spin fluctuations on iron pnictides. I will show that RIXS has been successfully used to extract the spin excitation spectrum on NaFeAs, BaFe2As2, EuFe2As2 and SmFeAsO, parent compounds [1-3]. We investigated electron-doped NaFe1-xCoxAs observing the persistence of broad dispersive magnetic excitations in optimal and overdoped samples [1]. The energy of such modes is unaffected by doping and the magnetic weight per iron atom of magnons / paramagnons remains constant, demonstrating the impurity role of Co doping. The persistence of magnetic spectral weight is also caught by theoretical calculations. In the second part of the talk, I will present a combined Fe-L3 RIXS and Fe-Kβ X-rays emission spectroscopy (XES) study of isovalently doped BaFe2(As1-xPx)2 spanning a large portion of the phase diagram. RIXS measurements find the persistence of broad dispersive magnetic excitations for all doping levels. Remarkably, the energy of such modes is strongly hardened by doping differently from the cases of electron- and hole-doped BaFe2As2 [5]. On the other hand, XES experiments show a gradual quenching of the local magnetic moment, which is intriguing if compared to the behavior of spin correlations. We link the unconventional evolution of magnetism to the shift from 2- to 3-dimensional electronic structure of the system, hand in hand with the warping of the Fermi surface. Combined together these findings help to shed light on the real degree of electronic correlations in Fe pnictides. References [1] J. Pelliciari et al., Phys. Rev. B, 93, 134515 (2016); [2] J. Pelliciari et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 122601 (2016); [3] J. Pelliciari et al., "Local and collective magnetism of EuFe2As2" accepted in Phys. Rev. B (2017); [4] K. J. Zhou et al, Nat. Comm., 4, 1470 (2013)

  263. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "A solitonic approach to neutron stars: The (BPS) Skyrme model"

    Presented by Carlos Naya, Durham

    Friday, March 24, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The Skyrme model is a low energy effective field theory of strong interactions where nuclei and baryons appear as collective excitations of pionic degrees of freedom. Proposed by Tony Skyrme in the sixties, his ideas received further support when it was discovered that in the limit of the large number of colours of QCD, an effective theory of mesons arises. In the last years, there has been a revival of Skyrme's ideas and new related models, some of them with BPS bounds (topological lower energy bounds), have been proposed. It is the aim of this talk to focus on the one known as BPS Skyrme model. After a brief introduction to this BPS limit we study its application to neutron stars where we will find that high maximal masses are supported. In addition, the BPS Skyrme model allow us to perform both mean-field and exact calculations and a comparison between both approaches will be presented.

  264. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Shining a light on high-Tc superconductivity"

    Presented by Peter Johnson, BNL

    Friday, March 24, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Igor Zaliznyak

    TBD

  265. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Neutrino Interactions with Nuclei and Long-Baseline Experiments"

    Presented by Professor Ulrich Mosel, Giessen University

    Friday, March 24, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The extraction of neutrino mixing parameters and the CP-violating phase requires knowledge of the neutrino energy. This energy must be reconstructed from the final state of a neutrino-nucleus reaction since all long-baseline experiments use nuclear targets. This reconstruction requires detailed knowledge of the neutrino reactions with bound nucleons and of the final state interactions of hadrons with the nuclear environment. Quantum-kinetic transport theory can be used to build an event generator for this reconstruction that takes basic nuclear properties, such as binding, into account. Some examples are discussed that show the effects of nuclear interactions on observables in long-baseline experiments.

  266. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Nematic quantum paramagnet and possible application to FeSe"

    Presented by Fa Wang, International Center for Quantum Materials Peking University, China

    Thursday, March 23, 2017, 11 am
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Weiguo Yin

    The nematic phases in iron pnictides are in close proximity to the stripe antiferromagnetic order, suggesting that magnetism is the driving force for the spontaneous 4-fold crystal rotation symmetry breaking. In contrast, bulk FeSe shows a nematic phase below 90K at ambient pressure, but has no magnetic long range order down to very low temperature. This prompts suggestions that the nematicity in FeSe is driven by some other mechanism. We argue that magnetic correlation can still drive nematic order in the absence of magnetic long-range order. By field theoretical considerations and exact diagonalization results on finite size lattices, we conclude that the paramagnetic phase in frustrated spin-1 J_1-J_2 model on square lattice is likely a "nematic quantum paramagnet", which breaks only the crystal 4-fold rotation symmetry. The prototype wavefunctions of such quantum ground states are horizontal(vertical) aligned spin-1 AKLT chains. We suggest that the local spins in FeSe may form this phase due to strong frustration. One unique consequence of this proposal is that the nematic paramagnetic phase will be close to both stripe and Neel antiferromagnetic order, and will thus host low but finite energy spin fluctuations at both ordering wavevectors. Reference: Fa Wang, S. A. Kivelson, and Dung-Hai Lee, Nat. Phys. 11, 959 (2015)

  267. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Heavy bosons: a probe into the unknown"

    Presented by Viviana Cavaliere, University of Illinois Champaign/Urbana

    Wednesday, March 22, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    The large amount of high-energy proton-proton collision data at the LHC provides an unprecedented opportunity to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model at the TeV scale. The 2012 discovery of a 125 GeV Higgs boson opened a new door to understanding the universe, providing an exciting new tool to use in these searches, given it is now produced about once per second at the current collision rate. The talk will review recent ATLAS searches for physics beyond the Standard Model, focusing on the central role of processes with heavy bosons, including the Higgs, and the corresponding new possible signatures that range from spectacular new resonances to subtle changes in kinematic distributions.

  268. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Universal Transverse Momentum Dependent Fragmentation"

    Presented by Duff Neill, LANL

    Friday, March 17, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Fragmentation is the earliest and perhaps most interesting QCD jet observable, since it directly deals with the parton-hadron duality at the end of the QCD cascade. The most basic fragmentation observables all enjoy the property of being universal, in the sense that a sufficiently energetic parton that initiates the cascade factorizes from the rest of the event, so that the underlying soft structure of the event to a good approximation does not change the fragmentation spectrum. With the luminosities and resolution of modern detectors, we can begin to study the fragmentation process in three dimensions: both the energy spectrum and the transverse fluctuations to the collinear direction of initiating hard parton. However, when one wants to study the transverse fluctuations, one becomes very sensitive to the underlying jet definition, in particular, how the collinear direction is defined. Intuitive definitions of the jet direction, like the total momentum of the jet constituents, are inherently sensitive to soft processes, and can spoil the universality of the spectrum. I will discuss how a simple change in the jet definition removes this soft sensitivity, and allows one to study the intrinsic three dimensional structure of collinear splittings, which should be process independent.

  269. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Vladi Skokov, BNL

    Thursday, March 16, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

  270. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Search for physics beyond the SM using multijet events with the ATLAS detector at the LHC"

    Presented by Haichen Wang, LBL

    Thursday, March 16, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    Search for physics beyond the Standard Model (SM) has been one of the most important goals of the physics program at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).Among all the final states, the multijet final state has long been considered as a challenging one for the search of physics beyond the SM due to its large background. Though, exciting new physics phenomena, such as the production of black hole as well as massive supersymmetric (SUSY) particles, may well result in signals in multijet final state. I present searches for physics beyond the SM using multijet events from 13 TeV collision data taken in 2015 and the first half of 2016 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. I focus on a search for the production of black hole and a search for massive supersymmetric particles decaying to many jets via R-Parity Violating (RPV) couplings. The two examples represent searches targeting physics beyond the SM at different mass scales, and therefore different analysis strategies are employed. These searches have greatly improved the sensitivity of the LHC to the black hole production and RPV SUSY scenarios, and they are complementary to searches using events of leptons, photons and missing transverse energy.

  271. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "The sPHENIX Calorimeters: a proto-type story"

    Presented by Megan Connors, Georgia State University and RBRC

    Wednesday, March 15, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    sPHENIX, scheduled to start taking data in 2022 at RHIC, is a detector designed to probe the inner workings of the quark gluon plasma by measuring jets and their substructure, heavy flavor tagged jets and quarkonia. The design includes tracking systems, a solenoid magnet and calorimeter system. The calorimeter system, designed to measure the energy of jets, is comprised of an electromagnetic calorimeter, an inner hadronic calorimeter and and outer hadronic calorimeter. Prototypes of these detectors were built and tested in 2016. The results of the test beam show that the performance is well within the requirements set by the sPHENIX program. In addition, the results validate the GEANT4 simulation studies. The design of the sPHENIX calorimeter system, the test beam results from the calorimeter prototypes and additional studies will be presented

  272. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Hunting for New Leptonic Interactions at Colliders"

    Presented by Brian Shuve, SLAC

    Wednesday, March 15, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  273. Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Nuclear Matter EoS and thermodynamic Properties of Skyrme models"

    Presented by Mareike Haberichter, Amherst

    Friday, March 10, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The Skyrme model is a candidate to describe the low energy regime of QCD where baryons and nuclei are topological excitations in a low-energy effective field theory of pions. The Skyrme model and its BPS variant (Skyrme model with a lower topological energy bound which is saturated) have been applied to the description of nuclei with notable recent success, e.g. quantitative description of Carbon-12 (including the Holye state and its rotational band) and of the low-lying energy spectrum of Oxygen-16. In this talk, we test Skyrme theories as models for nuclear matter at high densities and explore the thermodynamical properties of skyrmionic matter at zero temperature. We compute analytically the mean-field equation of state in the high and medium pressure regimes by applying topological bounds on compact domains. We identify which term in a generalised Skyrme model is responsible for which part in the equation of state and compare our findings with the corresponding results in the Walecka model. We find that the BPS submodel plays the dominant role at large densities. The BPS Skyrme model even allows us to derive thermodynamical variables and densities directly from the theory without having to perform a mean-field limit. This distinguishes the BPS Skyrme model from other models of nuclear matter where usually a mean-field limit has to be performed. Note that this is the first of two talks on Skyrme models and their predictions for nuclear matter at high densities. The second part on the description of neutron stars as Skyrme solitons will be given by Carlos Naya (Durham) on March, 24th at BNL.

  274. Particle Physics Seminar

    "WW measurements at CMS and perspectives for the HL-LHC"

    Presented by Rafael Coelho Lopes de Sa, FNAL

    Thursday, March 9, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    We will review recent diboson measurements and searches in the WW final state performed with the CMS detector. We will discuss the perspectives for some of these measurements with the full HL-LHC dataset. We will briefly describe some of the upgrades being designed for the CMS Silicon Tracker in order to operate in the high pileup environment of the HL-LHC while maintaining excellent performance for the final states discussed in this talk.

  275. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Finite-Temperature Perturbative QCD confronts Lattice"

    Presented by Thorben Graf, University of Frankfurt

    Thursday, March 9, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 1-224

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Since decades expressions for the thermodynamic potential were calculated perturbatively at finite temperature (and density) and pushed to higher orders. I review the current status of these efforts including resummation techniques and compare them to results of lattice Monte Carlo simulations and address unanswered questions. Finally, I present results for several thermodynamic quantities within the next-to-leading order calculation of the thermodynamic potential at finite T and \mu including non-vanishing quark masses.

  276. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Transport and signatures of Mottness versus Hundness in strongly correlated metals"

    Presented by Xiaoyu Deng, Rutgers

    Thursday, March 9, 2017, 11 am
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Gabi Kotliar

    In this seminar I will focus two fundamental aspects of strongly correlated metals: the transport properties and the origin of correlation. Recent advances enables us to study quantitatively various properties of two archetypal correlated oxides, vanadium oxides and ruthenates, using the LDA+DMFT method. Both are strongly correlation, these two materials are quite different in their origins of correlation: V2O3 is proximate to a Mott state while Sr2RuO4 is not. Thus V2O3 is regarded as a prototype Mott system, while recent studies emphasize that Sr2RuO4 belongs to new category termed "Hund's metal" in which Hund's coupling is responsible for the correlations. We carried out a systematical theoretical study on the transport properties of V2O3 and ruthenates family. Our computed resistivity and optical conductivity are in very good agreement with experimental measurements, which clearly demonstrates that the strong correlation dominates the transport of this material , despite their origin of correlation. We demonstrated that "resilient quasiparticles" dominates the transport. Furthermore by expressing the resistivity in terms of an effective plasma frequency and an effective scattering rate, we uncover the so-called "hidden Fermi liquid" behavior. We identified signatures of Mottness and Hundness by a comparative study of V2O3 and Sr2RuO4. In V2O3 the low temperature coherent resonance emerges from the pseudogap regime appearing at high temperature between incoherent peaks, while in Sr2RuO4, it emerges from a single incoherent peak with large finite value at the Fermi level.. We show that these two contrasting scenarios features interesting behaviors in the local properties of correlated atoms including charge fluctuations, spin and orbit susceptibility and entropy. The findings shed new lights on the understanding of strongly correlated metals.

  277. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Electroweak Physics at ATLAS"

    Presented by Jake Searcy, Michigan

    Wednesday, March 8, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    Electroweak symmetry breaking is a central pillar of the standard model, and experimentally one of the least understood. Many physics scenarios predict modifications to this mechanism resulting in new particles or interactions. This talk will summarize our knowledge of the electroweak sector with a particular focus on the interactions between W-bosons.

  278. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Sub 2 nm Particle Characterization in Systems with Aerosol Formation and Growth"

    Presented by Yang Wang, Washington University

    Wednesday, March 8, 2017, 10 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Jian Wang

    Aerosol science and technology enable continual advances in material synthesis and atmospheric pollutant control. Among these advances, one important frontier is characterizing the initial stages of particle formation by real time measurement of particles below 2 nm in size. Sub 2 nm particles play important roles by acting as seeds for particle growth, ultimately determining the final properties of the generated particles. Tailoring nanoparticle properties requires a thorough understanding and precise control of the particle formation processes, which in turn requires characterizing nanoparticle formation from the initial stages. This work pursued two approaches in investigating incipient particle characterization in systems with aerosol formation and growth: (1) using a high-resolution differential mobility analyzer (DMA) to measure the size distributions of sub 2 nm particles generated from high-temperature aerosol reactors, and (2) analyzing the physical and chemical pathways of aerosol formation during combustion. Part. 1. Particle size distributions reveal important information about particle formation dynamics. DMAs are widely utilized to measure particle size distributions. However, our knowledge of the initial stages of particle formation is incomplete, due to the Brownian broadening effects in conventional DMAs. The first part of this presentation discusses the applicability of high-resolution DMAs in characterizing sub 2 nm particles generated from high-temperature aerosol reactors, including a flame aerosol reactor (FLAR) and a furnace aerosol reactor (FUAR). Comparison against a conventional DMA (Nano DMA, Model 3085, TSI Inc.) demonstrated that the increased sheath flow rates and shortened residence time indeed greatly suppressed the diffusion broadening effect in a high-resolution DMA (half mini type). The incipient particle size distributions were discrete, suggesting the formation of stable clusters that may be intermediate phases betw

  279. Physics Colloquium

    "Snapping pictures of the proton with heavy ions"

    Presented by Bjoern Schenke, BNL

    Tuesday, March 7, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    I will present an overview of recent theoretical developments related to the science program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Beginning from heavy ion collisions and the creation of the quark gluon plasma, the most perfect and hottest fluid every created on earth, I will proceed to discuss smaller collision systems, like proton+lead collisions. The experimental data from these show strikingly similar features to heavy ion collisions and I will discuss their possible origins. If the physics in these small systems is also dominated by the fluid dynamic behavior of the created matter, experimental measurements combined with theoretical models give us unprecedented access to the fluctuating shape of the proton.

  280. NSLS-II Engineering Seminar Series

    "High-Resolution Monochromator Development for Nuclear Resonant Scattering"

    Presented by Thomas Toellner, X-Ray Science Division,

    Tuesday, March 7, 2017, 2 pm
    John Dunn Seminar Room, Bldg. 463

    Hosted by: Sushil Sharma and Mary Carlucci-Dayton

    High-resolution monochromators (HRMs) are key components at nuclear resonant scattering beamlines, and their development at the APS has been ongoing for decades. They are used to resolve the frequency spectrum of isotope-specific atomic dynamics using nuclear resonant vibrational spectroscopy and to reduce the enormous electronic charge scattering that accompanies nuclear excitation using synchrotron radiation. The latter allowing the measurement of hyperfine fields using synchrotron Moessbauer spectroscopy. The narrow line-widths (neV) associated with nuclear resonances also offer an excellent diagnostic tool for the characterization of HRMs, and have greatly facilitated their development. HRMs with ultra-high energy-resolution exposed the need for greater energy-alignment stability and prompted the development of cryo-stabilization. A recent prototype sub-meV-bandwidth monochromator for hard X-rays that implements cryo-stabilization has been built that displays a 100-fold improvement in energy-alignment stability over other designs. This unprecedented level of control allows one to observe the intrinsic factors that limit the energy resolution obtainable with silicon. I will present the principle design aspects of this prototype along with its performance, and discuss what has been learned.

  281. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Collectivity in small collision systems, what is it?"

    Presented by Jiangyong Jia, BNL and Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, March 7, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    In recent years, there been rapid progresses in our understanding of the long-range ridge in small collision system at RHIC and LHC. I will discuss the nature of collectivity (flow) driving the ridge, as well as the dominating non-collective (or non-flow) background that complicates the extraction of the ridge. I shows that the standard multi-particle cumulant method, often used to defined collectivity in heavy ion collisions, is overwhelmed by non-collective background in pp and low multiplicity pPb collisions. This problem is resolved with an alternative method based on two or more subevents separated in pseudorapidity (η), and therefore offers a robust data-driven definition of collectivity based on the existence of long-range azimuthal correlations between multiple distinct η ranges. With this new cumulant method, we are able to probe reliably the event-by-event fluctuation of collectivity in small collision systems.

  282. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "Elemental Concentration and Size Apportionment of Combustion Particles from Wood-fired Appliances" and "Creating Methods for Material Design and Synthesis for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials"

    Presented by Monica Gray-Georges and Nicholas Brunelli, Lincoln University of Pennsylvania and Ohio State University

    Friday, March 3, 2017, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg 743 (LOB 3), room 156

    Hosted by: Ben Ocko and Shirish Chodankar

  283. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Ab Initio electronic structure of solids: correlation effects beyond the GW method"

    Presented by Andrei Kutepov, Rutgers University

    Thursday, March 2, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Gabi Kotliar

    TBA

  284. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Generalized Nambu-Goldstone theorem"

    Presented by Yoshimasa Hidaka, RIKEN

    Thursday, March 2, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    Symmetry and its spontaneous breaking are of basic importance for understanding the low energy physics in many-body systems. When a continuum symmetry is spontaneously broken, there exist a zero mode called Nambu-Goldstone (NG) mode, which is well developed in Lorentz invariant systems. In contrast, in non-Lorentz invariant systems, the NG theorem has not been well developed. In this talk, we discuss the recent progress in generalization of NG theorem in non-relativistic systems, open systems, and systems with higher form symmetries.

  285. Particle Physics Semiar SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Will Farr, Birmingham

    Wednesday, March 1, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook University

  286. Physics Colloquium

    "The Experimental Challenge of 21 cm Cosmology"

    Presented by Miguel Morales, University of Washington

    Tuesday, February 28, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

  287. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The Kibble-Zurek scaling for the Entanglement Entropy on the scalar field in 1+1 dimension"

    Presented by Akio Tomiya, CCNU

    Monday, February 27, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    The entanglement entropy is a candidate of an entropy in Non-equilibrium physics and recently, relaxation or thermalization is studied through the entanglement entropy with quamtum quenching, which is sudden change of parameter(s) in the Hamiltonian of the system. Global quantum quench with a finite rate which crosses critical points is known to lead to universal scaling of correlation functions as functions of the quench rate. We explore scaling properties of the entanglement entropy of a subsystem of a scaler field on the lattice, harmonic chain, during a mass quench which asymptotes to finite constant values at early and late times and for which the dynamics is exactly solvable. Both for fast and slow quenches we find that the entanglement entropy has a constant term plus a term proportional to the subsystem size. For slow quenches, the constant piece is consistent with Kibble- Zurek predictions. Furthermore, the quench rate dependence of the extensive piece enters solely through the instantaneous correlation length at the Kibble-Zurek time, suggesting a new scaling hypothesis similar to that for correlation functions. This talk is based on arXiv:1702.04359.

  288. Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "A Complete Diagrammatic Implementation of the Kinoshita-Lee-Nauenberg Theorem at Next-to-Leading Order"

    Presented by Will Horowitz, University of Cape Town

    Friday, February 24, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    We show for the first time in over 50 years how to correctly apply the Kinoshita-Lee-Nauenberg theorem diagrammatically in a next-to-leading order scattering process. We improve on previous works by including all initial and final state soft radiative processes, including absorption and an infinite sum of partially disconnected amplitudes. Crucially, we exploit the Monotone Convergence Theorem to prove that our delicate rearrangement of this formally divergent series is correct. This rearrangement yields a factorization of the infinite contribution from the initial state soft photons that then cancels in the physically observable cross section. We derive the first complete next-to-leading order, high-energy Rutherford elastic scattering cross section in the MSbar renormalization scheme as an explicit example of our procedure.

  289. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Path-integral formula for local thermal equilibrium"

    Presented by Masaru Hongo, RIKEN

    Thursday, February 23, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    Relativistic hydrodynamics is formulated based on the assumption that systems are almost in local thermal equilibrium. However, a quantum field theoretical way to handle such a locally thermalized system has not been clearly clarified. In this study, we develop a complete path-integral formulation of relativistic quantum fields in local thermal equilibrium, which brings about the emergence of thermally induced curved spacetime. The obtained path-integral formula for local thermal equilibrium enables us to derive nondissipative part of hydrodynamic constitutive relations based on symmetry arguments. As one application, we discuss a field theoretical derivation of anomalous hydrodynamics which captures the chiral magnetic/vortical effects.

  290. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Few-body systems in QCD"

    Presented by Raul A. Briceno, JLAB

    Wednesday, February 22, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno

  291. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "High energy QCD at NLO"

    Presented by Michael Lublinsky, Ben-Gurion University

    Friday, February 17, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

  292. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The search for gluon saturation in pA collisions and at the EIC"

    Presented by Bowen Xiao, Central China Normal University

    Thursday, February 16, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    In this talk, I plan to discuss the recent theoretical progress towards the exploration of the gluon saturation phenomenon in pA collisions and at the future EIC. Two important pillars of this exploration are the single inclusive forward hadron productions and forward dijet correlations, which have both been computed up to one-loop order within the small-x factorization formalism. Complementary measurements in pA collisions and at the EIC can help us measure small-x gluon distributions and test the generalized small-x factorization. In addition, DIS diffractive dijet process is another interesting process which is sensitive to the dipole Wigner gluon distributions. This process can provide us 3D tomographic images of low-x gluons inside high energy protons and nuclei.

  293. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Extracting scattering observables and resonance properties from lattice QCD"

    Presented by Maxwell T. Hansen, Helmholtz Institute Mainz

    Wednesday, February 15, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno

  294. Particle Physics Seminar - SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Adrian Liu, Berkeley

    Wednesday, February 15, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook University

  295. Physics Colloquium

    "Thermalization and hydrodynamization in heavy-ion collisions at high energies"

    Presented by Aleksi Kurkela, CERN and Univ. of Stavenger

    Tuesday, February 14, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    Describing heavy-ion collisions as hydrodynamical explosions of liquid of quarks and gluons has been a tremendous phenomenological success. A major uncertainty in such modeling arises from what happens during the first 1fm/c of the evolution during which the system is far from local thermal equilibrium. I will describe how the postcollision debris start behaving hydrodynamically, and how the phenomenological modeling of the prehydrodynamical evolution can be improved.

  296. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Thermalization and chaos in quantum systems"

    Presented by Sriram Ganeshan, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, February 14, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    Thermalization, a common phenomenon in various physical settings, can naturally fail in certain isolated disordered quantum systems, challenging basic tenets of quantum statistical mechanics. Many body localization (MBL) is a canonical example of such an intriguing scenario and, therefore, attracted tremendous attention from condensed matter, statistical physics, and atomic physics communities. Considerable effort has recently gone into establishing the existence of the MBL phase, and the nature of dynamical phase transition from MBL to the thermal phase. However, understanding instabilities to the MBL phase that may lead to the complete or partial restoration of thermalization is still an open question. In this talk, I would focus on two such instabilities to the MBL phase coming from single particle mobility edge and the presence of extensive degeneracy in the many body spectrum. The goal is to identify the most robust form of MBL (in the presence of instabilities) to gain insight into the mechanisms of quantum thermalization.

  297. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "The Impact of Organic Aerosol Volatility on Aerosol Microphysics for Global Climate Modeling Applications"

    Presented by Yuchao 'Chloe' Gao, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, China

    Thursday, February 9, 2017, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Robert McGraw

    A newly developed box model, MATRIX-VBS [Gao et al., 2017], includes the volatility-basis set (VBS) framework in an aerosol microphysical scheme MATRIX (Multiconfiguration Aerosol TRacker of mIXing state) [Bauer et al., 2008], which is a module within GISS ModelE that resolves aerosol mass and number concentrations and aerosol mixing state. By including the gas-particle partitioning and chemical aging of semi-volatile organic aerosol in MATRIX, we were able to examine its effects on the growth, composition and mixing state of particles. MATRIX-VBS is unique and advances the representation of organic aerosols in Earth system models by greatly improving the traditional and very simplistic treatment of organic aerosols as non-volatile and with a fixed size distribution. Idealized cases representing Beijing, Mexico City, a Finnish and a Southeast U.S. forest were simulated, and we investigated the evolution of mass concentrations and volatility distributions for organic species across the gas and particle phases, as well as their mixing state among aerosol populations. To test and simplify the model, a Monte-Carlo analysis is performed to pin point which processes affect organics the most under varied chemical and meteorological conditions. Since the model's parameterizations have the ability to capture a very wide range of conditions, all possible scenarios on Earth across the whole parameter space, including temperature, humidity, location, emissions and oxidant levels, are examined. These simulations provide information on which parameters play a critical role in the aerosol distribution and evolution in the atmosphere and which do not, and that will facilitate the simplification of the box model, an important step in its implementation in the global model GISS ModelE as a module.

  298. Particle Physics Seminar - SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Tim Eifler, JPL/Caltech

    Wednesday, February 8, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook University

  299. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Di-Higgs at the LHC: Current Status and Future Prospects"

    Presented by John Alison, University of Chicago

    Thursday, February 2, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    I will discuss motivations for searching for di-Higgs production at the LHC. Recent results and projected sensitivities will be presented with particular emphasis on the dominant hh->4b channel

  300. Particle Physics Seminar - SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Elisabeth Krause, SLAC

    Wednesday, February 1, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook University

  301. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "What shines brighter, Glasma or Quark-Gluon Plasma?"

    Presented by Naoto Tanji, University of Heidelberg

    Friday, January 27, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Recent classical-statistical numerical simulations have established the "bottom-up" thermalization scenario of Baier et al. as the correct weak coupling effective theory for thermalization in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. I will talk on a parametric study of photon production in the various stages of this bottom-up framework to ascertain the relative contribution of the off-equilibrium "Glasma" relative to that of a thermalized Quark-Gluon Plasma. Taking into account the constraints imposed by the measured charged hadron multiplicities at RHIC and the LHC, we find that Glasma contributions are important especially for large values of the saturation scale at both energies. Furthermore, I will report on first kinetic simulations of photon production in the expanding Glasma that will quantify our estimates.

  302. Particle Physics Seminar

    "New Models of Baryogenesis"

    Presented by Dr. David McKeen, University of Pittsburgh

    Thursday, January 26, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hooman Davoudiasl

    I will describe a new mechanism for creating the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the Universe at low temperatures, i.e. below the QCD confinement temperature, involving the CP-violating oscillation of fermions made of strongly interacting particles. I will also make connections to neutron-antineutron oscillations, clearing up issues that exist in the literature. Novel experimental tests will be discussed.

  303. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Anion-based approaches to engineering functionality in perovskite oxide heterostructures"

    Presented by Steve May, Drexel University

    Thursday, January 26, 2017, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    Scientific interest in ABO3 perovskite oxides remains intense due to the wide range of physical behavior present in these materials. The ability to control the position, occupation, and composition of the anion site has recently emerged as a new route to tune properties in epitaxial perovskites. This talk will focus on recent and ongoing efforts aimed at developing anion-based approaches to tailor electronic, optical and magnetic properties in oxide heterostructures. First, I will discuss how the position of the oxygen anions can be controlled to stabilize non-bulk-like bond angles and lengths, thereby modifying electronic and magnetic behavior in manganite films and superlattices. In the second half of the talk, I will describe efforts focused on controlling the occupation and composition of the anion site, including reversible oxidation/reduction in thin La1/3Sr2/3FeO3-? films and topotactic fluorination reactions to realize oxyfluoride films

  304. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "From small to moderate-x: beyond the eikonal approximation"

    Presented by Andrey Tarasov, BNL

    Thursday, January 26, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 1-224

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    In recent years significant progress has been made in our understanding of the small-x physics beyond the eikonal approximation. Rigorous analysis of the dependence on the transverse momentum helps us better understand not only physics of the Regge limit, but to connect it to the kinematic limit of the moderate-x as well. I'll describe the technique we used in calculation of TMD evolution observed in the Drell-Yan process and present some recent results.

  305. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "Engineering Studies Related to Nuclear Molecular Imaging"

    Presented by Dr. Dohyun Kim, Weill Cornell Medicine

    Tuesday, January 24, 2017, 4 pm
    Bldg 911B, Large Conf. Rm., Rm. A202

    One of the major uses of radioisotopes is for nuclear molecular imaging using a variety of radiotracers. It is a multidisciplinary science that includes physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, mathematics and medicine with the goal of improving human life. These radiotracers can be used in a PET scanner (or other types of scanners) to generate a three dimensional image of the inside of the human body. PET scanners are used mainly for brain research and cancer detection. The goal of positron emission tomography (PET) is to generate in-vivo images from patients with a disease or abnormal condition. PET scanners detect the 511 keV annihilation gamma rays that are produced when a positron from a nuclear decay interacts with an electron. The gamma rays are given off at nearly 180° from each other and can be detected as originating along a straight line if they arrive at the detectors within a given time interval known as the coincidence window. I will describe the development of a very novel PET scanner with very high resolution using CZT solid state detectors. A novel feature of this system design is that the CZT detectors are rotated 90 degrees from their conventional orientation to use the C/A ratio such that the depth direction is oriented tangentially to the circular FOV of the tomograph. Thus the expected ~0.25 ? depth resolution of the detectors can be used to provide ultra-high resolution in the transaxial plane. The CdZnTe detector PET scanner we developed has a 600 micron FWHM image resolution and an excellent energy resolution of < 2 % FWHM. I will also discuss the development and fabrication of gas phase 11CO2 to 11CO, H11CN, 11CH3I and 11CH3OTf auto synthesis system. These systems are used to generate the radiotracers used with PET. The design and fabrication involve understanding the chemistry, utilizing the physics of flow and transport and engineering a final solution that incorporates these effects.

  306. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Ultrafast Dynamical Phenomena in Nanostructural Materials by 4D Electron Microscopy"

    Presented by Xuewen Fu, California Institute of Technology

    Tuesday, January 24, 2017, 2 pm
    Building 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Yimei Zhu

  307. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Creation and Control of Low Dimensional Electron System in Transition Metal Oxides"

    Presented by Milan Radovic, Paul Scherer Institut, Switzerland

    Monday, January 23, 2017, 11 am
    Building 734, conference room 201

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Transition Metal Oxides (TMOs) exhibit unique and multifunctional electronic properties (such as high-temperature superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistance, metal-insulator transitions, etc.) directly related to the spin and orbital degrees of freedom of the transition metal d-states. Furthermore, their iso-structural nature permits realization of heterostructures where novel unexpected electronic properties take place. Engineering transition metal oxide surfaces and interfaces carries the potential for achieving new physical properties that radically differ from those of the constituent bulk materials. This is the case of oxide-lowDEGs, which recently showed extraordinary occurrences, including interfacial superconductivity, magnetism, large tuneable spin-orbit coupling and indications of topological states. In my talk, I will present recent spin resolved Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements of the low dimensional electron gas at SrTiO3 [1, 2, 3], TiO2-anatase and Sr1-xBaxTiO3 showing that these materials have capability for the realization of TMO based electronic device. References: [1] N. C. Plumb, M. Salluzzo, E. Razzoli, M. Månsson, M. Falub, J. Krempasky, C. E. Matt, J. Chang, J. Minár, J. Braun, H. Ebert, B. Delley, K.-J. Zhou, C. Monney, T. Schmitt, M. Shi, J. Mesot1, C. Quitmann, L. Patthey, M. Radovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 086801 (2014). [2] A. F. Santander-Syro, F. Fortuna, C. Bareille, T. C. Rodel, G. Landolt, N. C. Plumb, J. H. Dil, and M. Radovic, Nature Materials, 13, 1085–1090 doi:10.1038/nmat4107 (2014). [3] Z. Wang, S. McKeown Walker, A. Tamai, Z. Ristic, F.Y. Bruno, A. de la Torre, S. Ricco, N.C. Plumb, M. Shi, P. Hlawenka, J. Sanchez-Barriga, A. Varykhalov, T.K. Kim, M. Hoesch, P.D.C. King, W. Meevasana, U. Diebold, J. Mesot, M. Radovic, and F. Baumberger, Nature Materials 15, 835–839 (2016) doi:10.1038/nmat4623 (2016).

  308. Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Helicity Evolution at Small x and the Proton Spin"

    Presented by Yuri Kovchegov, Ohio State University

    Friday, January 20, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    We construct small-x evolution equations which can be used to calculate quark and anti-quark helicity TMDs and PDFs, along with the g_1 structure function. These evolution equations resum powers of alpha_s ln^2 (1/x) in the polarization-dependent evolution along with the powers of alpha_s ln (1/x) in the unpolarized evolution which includes saturation effects. The equations are written in an operator form in terms of polarization-dependent Wilson line-like operators. While the equations do not close in general, they become closed and self-contained systems of non-linear equations in the large-N_c and large-N_c & N_f limits. After solving the large-N_c equations numerically we obtain the following small-x asymptotics for the flavor-singlet g_1 structure function along with quarks helicity PDFs and TMDs (in absence of saturation effects): g_1^S (x, Q^2) ~ \Delta q^S (x, Q^2) ~ g_{1L}^S (x, k_T^2) ~ ( 1/x )^{alpha_h} \approx t( 1/x )^{2.31 \sqrt{\alpha_s N_c/(2pi}} This result is valid for all flavors. We also give an estimate of how much of the proton's spin may reside at small x and what impact this has on the so-called ``spin crisis.'' This work would help one better understand longitudinal polarization data to be obtained at the proposed Electron-Ion Collider (EIC).

  309. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Amyloid Self-Assembly and Sequence-Dependent Interactions with Plasmonic Nanoparticles"

    Presented by Shih-Ting (Christine) Wang, Imperial College London, United Kingdom

    Thursday, January 19, 2017, 2 pm
    CFN, Bldg 735, Conference Room A, 1st Floor

    Hosted by: Oleg Gang

    Nanoparticles (NPs) have been used to inhibit or modulate the peptide fibrillation as a potential therapeutic strategy and to understand the molecular mechanisms of amyloid diseases. Particularly, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been widely used to study peptide/inorganic NP interactions due to the tunable size, surface and plamonic properties. In this talk, I will present the study of interaction of AuNPs with islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), which features in type 2 diabetes pathogenesis by self-assembly into fibrils and peptide-induced disruption of cell membranes. Amyloid fibrils share a distinct β-sheet structure, with the structural diversity controlled by the amino acid sequence. To elucidate the key mechanisms of amyloid self-assembly and provide unique viewpoints on the interactions with NPs, polymorphic fibril structures will firstly be discussed using amyloidogenic peptides that are designed based on the IAPP sequence. The observed amyloid fibrillation and hydrogelation controlled by the peptide structure also led to a proposed relationship between amyloid structure and self-assembly behaviour. Next, I will present the systematic study of IAPP/AuNP interactions, in which the strong binding is initiated by the metal-binding sequence in the hydrophilic peptide domain. Structural transition accelerated in a NP size-dependent manner also implies a facet-dependent IAPP/AuNP interaction. Based on these findings, liquid cell transmission electron microscopy was used for direct visualisation of the dynamic growth of AuNPs in presence of IAPP fibrils. The results show growth of branch(star)-shaped AuNPs in the presence of IAPP fibrils, suggesting a preferred nucleation site for Au binding and subsequent growth on the amyloid template.

  310. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Vector mesons and chiral symmetry restoration"

    Presented by Fabian Rennecke, Heidelberg University

    Thursday, January 19, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    Vector mesons play a prominent role for the detection of chiral symmetry restoration in the quark-gluon plasma since their in-medium modifications are directly observable in dilepton spectra. However, a direct connection between their in-medium modifications and chiral symmetry restoration remains elusive. To shed some light on this, I will first address the question how chiral symmetry breaking and the light (vector) mesons emerge from the underlying quark-gluon dynamics. Then, I will present preliminary results on the in-medium spectral functions of the rho and a1 mesons obtained from analytic continuation of Euclidean two-point functions.

  311. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Ultra-Fast Silicon Detector for precise timing at CMS"

    Presented by Nicolo' Cartiglia, Torino

    Thursday, January 19, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alessandro Tricoli

    In this seminar I will first review the physics case for a hermetic timing detector for charge particles to be installed in CMS in the years 2024-25 in preparation of the High Luminosity upgrade of the LHC accelerator (HL-LHC). Then I will present the possible technologies currently under studies for the timing detector and then I will concentrate on explaining the basics principles of Ultra-fast Silicon Detectors and their performances. I will conclude with a brief outline of the future R&D steps for the construction of the timing detector.

  312. Particle Physics Seminar - SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "Hunting down systematics in modern galaxy surveys"

    Presented by Mohammadjavad Vakili, NYU

    Wednesday, January 18, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook University

    With the next generation of wide field galaxy surveys, both spectroscopic and photometric, we expect to achieve unprecedented constraints on the expansion history of the universe and the growth of structure. Maximizing the flow of information from these rich datasets to constraints on our physical models requires accurate characterization of systematic uncertainties. First, we present a method for estimation of covariance matrices of galaxy clustering measurements with spectroscopic surveys. We show that our method enables us to generate accurate galaxy mocks needed for BAO and RSD analyses on nonlinear scales. Then, we present the main challenges in extracting cosmological information from lensing measurements of deep imaging surveys. We show that employing novel techniques in estimation of the point spread function can keep this major systematic under control. Finally, we discuss various approaches for improvement of the photometric redshifts for the imaging surveys. We demonstrate how the precision and accuracy of photometric redshifts can be greatly enhanced if we take advantage of combining different datasets.

  313. Physics Colloquium

    "And yet they attract: superconductivity in the presence of strong repulsion"

    Presented by Andre-Marie Tremblay, University of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada

    Tuesday, January 17, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Wenhu Xu

    Band theory and the BCS theory of superconductivity are two pillars of the quantum theory of solids. High-temperature superconductors belong to a family of materials where both of these, band theory and BCS, fail. Layered organic materials of the BEDT family are another example of materials that are hard to understand within conventional approaches. The root cause of these failures can be traced to strong electronic repulsion. I will start from the simplest model that takes into account the competition between kinetic and potential energy, the Hubbard model. I will show how cluster generalizations of dynamical mean-field theory for this model shed light on these problems. The interaction-induced metal-insulator transition (Mott transition) can serve as an organizing principle for the phase diagrams.

  314. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Going with the flow: solving sign problems in complex space"

    Presented by Paulo Bedaque, University of Maryland

    Friday, January 13, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    We discuss a new approach to solve the sign problem arising in the Monte Carlo evaluation of path integrals. It is based on deforming the contour of integration into complex space. We will argue that for conceptual and numeric reasons it may be advantageous not to use the steepest descent manifolds (thimbles). We will discuss a variety of algorithms and their application to field theories with a fermionic sign problem and to quantum mechanical models, including real time dynamics.

  315. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Transient Dynamics of Strongly Correlated Electrons After Sudden Excitations"

    Presented by Marco Schiro, Institut de Physique Theorique (IPhT), CEA, Saclay, France

    Friday, January 13, 2017, 1:30 pm
    Seminar Room 2nd Floor Bldg 734

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    The development of pump-probe spectroscopies with femtosecond time resolution, which allows to track the dynamics of electronic degrees of freedom in solids under optical excitations, opens up a new window to understand strongly correlated materials and offers the intriguing possibility of controlling their properties with light, on ultra-fast time scales. Triggered by these advances, the interest around time dependent phenomena in quantum many body systems has recently substantially grown. In this talk will review recent progress in understanding transient dynamics of electrons in correlated metals, Mott Insulators and superconductors. I will show that quite generically these systems display very sharp dynamical transitions as a function of the external perturbation, in correspondence of which the lattice response and the sensitivity to density inhomogeneities can be greatly enhanced.

  316. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab"

    Presented by Vladimir Tishchenko, BNL

    Friday, January 13, 2017, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    There exists a long-standing, intriguing, discrepancy between the BNL E821 measurement and the Standard Model (SM) prediction for the muon anomalous magnetic moment, $a_{\mu} \equiv (g-2)/2$, at the level of about three standard deviations ($3\sigma$). To test this discrepancy, a new muon $(g-2)$ experiment E989 at Fermilab will improve the experimental uncertainty by a factor of four. Providing that the central value remains unchanged, the new measurement would result into more than $5\sigma$ ``discovery-level'' deviation from the SM. The experiment at Fermilab will employ the original BNL storage ring with an intense new muon source and state-of-the-art detector systems. I will review the current status of the design of new components and upgrades that are required to achieve the challenging precision goal of the experiment.

  317. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Analysis Methods in Neutrino Experiments"

    Presented by Dr. Thomas Junk, Fermilab

    Thursday, January 12, 2017, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Current and planned neutrino experiments address fundamental questions in the neutrino, astrophysical, nuclear, and new physics sectors with ambitious, large-scale facilities and detectors. Maximizing the sensitivity and physics reach of these experiments is the guiding principle for the design of the apparatus as well as the analysis techniques applied to infer results from the data. These experiments, however, pose challenges in this process: the data frequently have ambiguities and some quantities are not measurable, such as the momenta of outgoing neutrinos or recoiling nuclei. Detectors with high density and spatial granularity provide a large number of measured values for each event that must be sifted through to obtain even basic reconstructed quantities. The impact of the values of model parameters on the predicted event rates is not linear but is frequently oscillatory. Systematic uncertainties must be highly constrained in order to tease out small effects. To address these challenges, a variety of sophisticated techniques have been adapted from earlier experiments, such as well-established statistical methods and analysis techniques. New, innovative tools developed in other fields, such as deep-learning methods, are being applied to neutrino experiments. I will give a survey of some of the interesting developments being applied and planned for the future.

  318. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Plasmon mass scale and linearized gauge field fluctuations in classical Yang-Mills theory"

    Presented by Jarkko Peuron, University of Jyvaskyla

    Thursday, January 12, 2017, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    In this talk I discuss the determination of plasmon mass in classical real-time Yang-Mills theory on a lattice in 3 spatial dimensions. I compare 3 different methods to determine the plasmon mass : a hard thermal loop expression in terms of the particle distribution, an effective dispersion relation constructed from fields and their time derivatives, and by measuring oscillations between electric and magnetic field modes after artificially introducing a homogeneous color electric field. Due to plasma instabilities, small quantum fluctuations on top of the classical background may significantly affect the dynamics of the system. I argue for the need for a numerical calculation of a system of classical gauge fields and small linearized fluctuations in a way that keeps the separation between the two manifest. I derive and test an explicit algorithm to solve these equations on the lattice, maintaining gauge invariance and Gauss's law.

  319. Physics Colloquium

    "Searches for Decays of Heavy Higgs Boson to Gauge Bosons with the ATLAS detector"

    Presented by Scott Snyder, BNL

    Tuesday, January 10, 2017, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Andrei Nomerotski

    Following the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, the ATLAS experiment at the LHC has been searching for signs of new physics related to the Higgs boson. One promising area is the seach for new, heavy Higgs-like scalars decaying to a pair of vector gauge bosons. This talk will summarize recent ATLAS searches for a heavy scalar decaying to two Z bosons, using the sqrt(s)=13 TeV data from Run 2

  320. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Phenomenology of Wigner distributions"

    Presented by Andrei Belitsky, Arizona State University

    Tuesday, January 10, 2017, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    We overview physics of nucleon phase space distributions and diverse high energy processes where they are accessible with current and future machines.

  321. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Prompt atmospheric neutrino flux and forward charm production in proton-nucleus collisions"

    Presented by Anna Stasto, Penn State

    Friday, January 6, 2017, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The discoveries of the extraterrestrial neutrino flux by IceCube renewed interest in the precise evaluation of the background neutrinos which are produced in the atmosphere due the cosmic ray interactions. One of the most relevant processes at high energies is the charm and beauty production in proton-nucleus collisions which needs to be evaluated at very high energies where small x effects may become important. I will discuss a recent calculation of the forward charm production in pp and pA, and compare results from different models which include small x effects due to resummation and saturation. Comparison with the LHC data will be presented and nuclear effects on light nuclei will also be discussed. Finally, I will show the resulting prompt neutrino flux and its uncertainties and discuss the potential improvements.

  322. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "DNA Assembled Nanoparticle Clusters for Nanomedicine"

    Presented by Liangcan He, University of Colorado Boulder

    Monday, December 19, 2016, 1:30 pm
    CFN, Bldg 735, Conference Room A, 1st Floor

    Hosted by: Oleg Gang

    In this talk, I will describe the use of nucleic acids to assemble different types of nanocrystals for theranostic applications. In the first part, I will talk about our work on coupling gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and gold nanostars (AuNSs) to silica-coated upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) and their effect on photoluminescence. The experimental and simulation studies showed that the orientation and distance of the UCNP with respect to the core and arms of the gold nanostructures played a significant role in photoluminescence. Also, the AuNS-UCNP assemblies were able to cause rapid gains in temperature of the surrounding medium enabling their potential use as a multi-therapy agent. Then, photodynamic therapy (PDT) was induced by embedding singlet oxygen photosensitizers in mesoporous silica shells on the UCNPs. It showed the Au-UCNP clusters with optimized plasmon resonance and compositions could provide both in vitro imaging contrast and combined cell killing through simultaneous photothermal (PTT) and photodynamic (PDT) therapy under NIR light photoexcitation. In addition to the Au-UCNP studies, I will also describe our recent efforts on building well-defined core-satellite porphyrinic metal-organic framework (MOF)-UCNP assemblies by DNA templating. In this work, UCNPs were well organized around a centrally located MOF nanoparticles. Under NIR irradiation, the emitted light from the assembled UCNPs excited each core MOF NP to produce singlet oxygen (1O2) at significantly greater amounts than that produced from simply mixing UCNPs and MOF NPs, demonstrating their promise as theranostic photodynamic agents. In the second part, I will briefly introduce my graduate work in the Ph.D. study on noble metal nanoparticles-MOFs hybrid materials for SERS detecting and multifunctional drug delivery vehicles.

  323. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Proton fluctuations and multi-particle rapidity correlations"

    Presented by Kevin Dusling, PRL

    Friday, December 16, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The effect of intrinsic fluctuations of the proton saturation momentum scale on event-by-event rapidity distributions in small systems is explored. Saturation scale fluctuations generate an asymmetry in the single particle rapidity distribution in each event resulting in genuine n-particle correlations. We introduce a color domain model that naturally explains the centrality dependence of the two-particle rapidity correlations recently measured by ATLAS, constraining the probability distribution of saturation scale fluctuations in the proton. Predictions for n=4, 6 and 8 particle rapidity correlations find that the four- and eight-particle cumulant change sign at intermediate multiplicities, a signature which could be tested experimentally.

  324. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "The Fate of Axion Stars"

    Presented by Hong Zhang, Ohio State University

    Wednesday, December 14, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  325. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Evidence for light-by-light scattering in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC"

    Presented by Mateusz Dyndal, DESY

    Tuesday, December 13, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Steinberg

    I report evidence for light-by-light scattering, using 480ub^−1 of 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collision recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. After background data at subtraction and analysis corrections, the cross section of gamma gamma-> gamma gamma process for photon transverse momentum, E_T > 3 GeV, photon pseudorapidity, |η| < 2.4, diphoton invariant mass greater than 6 GeV, diphoton transverse momentum lower than 2 GeV and diphoton aco- planarity below 0.01, has been measured to be 70 ± 20 (stat.) ± 17 (syst.) nb, which is in agreement with the SM prediction of 49 ± 10 nb.

  326. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Hydrodynamics, the gradient expansion and transient modes"

    Presented by Michal Heller, Perimeter Institute

    Friday, December 9, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    I will discuss recent developments at the interplay between hydrodynamic gradient expansion and transient modes in expanding plasma.

  327. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Analytic Results for Color Glass In Space-Time Coordinates"

    Presented by Rainer Fries, Texas A&M University

    Thursday, December 8, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    I will start by reviewing some previous results for the McLerran-Venugopalan model for nuclear collisions solved analytically in space-time coordinates. I will then discuss some recent work on initial angular momentum in the resulting Yang-Mills system, which leads to an interesting picture of gluon flow in the event plane. I will also describe further evolution of these results in fluid dynamics. Time permitting I will touch on ongoing efforts to construct an event generator based on analytic solutions.

  328. Joint: YITP/HET

    "Enhancing searches for beyond the Standard Model physics at the LHC"

    Presented by Michele Papucci, Berkeley

    Wednesday, December 7, 2016, 2:30 pm
    YITP Seminar Room

    In this talk I'll present recent work on improving the capabilities for looking for new physics at the LHC, both for exotics BSM signals (hidden valleys) and for Dark Matter. I will also discuss soon to be publicly available tools for connecting LHC results with theoretical models.

  329. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Squeeze Out"

    Presented by Ron Longacre, BNL

    Wednesday, December 7, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    Squeeze out happen when the expanding central fireball flows around a large surface flux tube in a central Au-Au collision at RHIC. We model such an effect in a flux tube model. Two particle correlations with respect to the $v_2$ axis formed by the soft fireball particles flowing around this large flux tube is a way of measuring the effect.

  330. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Quarkonium and Open Heavy Flavor productions at collider energies in Small-x formalism"

    Presented by Kazuhiro Watanabe, Old Dominion University/Jefferson Lab

    Tuesday, December 6, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Heavy quark pair production in high energy proton-nucleus (pA) collisions provides valuable information on the gluon saturation dynamics at small-x of a heavy nucleus. Nowadays, large amounts of data of quarkonium, open heavy flavor, and decay lepton accumulated by RHIC and LHC enable us to examine the calculations in Small-x formalism or Color Glass Condensate (CGC). Essentially, the calculations of heavy quark pair production have been based on the Small-x/CGC framework at leading order (LO) with the running coupling Balitsky-Kovchegov equation (rcBK) which includes a subset of next-to-leading order (NLO) correction. A main difference between pp and pA collisions is the choice of the initial saturation scale in the rcBK equation. The recent theoretical computations have gradually clarified the gluon saturation effect in pA collision by comparing with data on the transverse momentum spectrums and the nuclear modification factors measured at RHIC and LHC. In this talk, we will review the recent studies of heavy quark pair production in the Small-x/CGC framework and discuss the relevant topical issues. Furthermore, we will discuss the Sudakov implementation in Small-x formalism which has received attention in recent years. I will show that the Sudakov effect on top of the saturation effect is indeed indispensable for Upsilon production.

  331. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Renormalization-group flow of the effective action of cosmological large-scale structures"

    Presented by Stefan Flörchinger, Heidelberg

    Friday, December 2, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The large scale structure of the universe forms a particular type of fluid which is governed by the properties of dark matter. I discuss how one can derive renormalization group equations for the effective action that describes the statistical properties of this fluid. Taking into account in particular effective viscosity and sound velocity terms leads to an improved framework to determine density and velocity power spectra.

  332. CFN Colloquium

    "The emergence of hybrid-perovskites for low-cost, high-efficiency optoelectric devices"

    Presented by Aditya D. Mohite, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Thursday, December 1, 2016, 4 pm
    CFN, Bldg 735, Seminar Room, 2nd Floor

    Hosted by: Matthew Sfeir

    Hybrid (inorganic-­-organic) perovskites have demonstrated an extraordinary potential for clean  sustainable  energy  technologies  and  low-­-cost  optoelectronic  devices  such  as  solar  cells; light emitting diodes, detectors, sensors, ionic conductors etc. In spite of the unprecedented  progress  in  the  past  six  years,  one  of  the  key  challenges  that  exist  in  the  field today is the large degree of processing dependent variability in the structural and physical  properties.  This  has  limited  the  access  to  the  intrinsic  properties  of  hybrid  perovskites and led to to multiple interpretations of experimental data. In addition to this, the stability and reliability of devices has also been strongly affected and remains an open question,  which  might  determine  the  fate  of  this  remarkable  material  despite  excellent  properties. In this talk, I will describe our recently discovered approach for thin-­-film crystal  growth  as  a  general  strategy  for  growing  highly  crystalline,  bulk-­-like  thin-­-films  of  both three-­-dimensional (3D) and layered two-­-dimensional (2D) hybrid perovskites that overcomes the above issues by allowing access to the intrinsic charge and energy transport processes  within  the  perovskite  thin-­-films  and  results  in  reproducible  and  stable  high  performance optoelectronic devices.

  333. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Complexity in Spin-Frustrated Rock-Salt Manganites"

    Presented by Alexandros Lappas, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research & Technology, Greece

    Thursday, December 1, 2016, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Emil Bozin

    Complexity in transition metal oxides is the outcome of simultaneously active electron degrees of freedom (spin-charge-orbital) and their evolution under the restrictions imposed by the geometry of the underlined crystal lattice. Consequently, the materials' response to competing states requires that we assess structural correlations across a wide range of length and time scales. Taking advantage of cutting-edge structural facilities accessed at neutron [1, 2], synchrotron X-ray [3] and electron microscopy [4] labs we address current limitations in understanding the crystallographic structure of layered rock-salt type triangular-lattice manganites of the AMnO2 type (A= Na, Cu). The unexpected coexistence of long- and short-range magnetic correlations [3, 5] due to two major opposing effects (elastic vs. magnetic exchange) of similar magnitude, lead to nearly equivalent, competing structural phases enabling infinitesimal quenched disorder to locally lift the differing degree of inherent frustration in the parent AMnO2 phase. These manganites provide a paradigm of a rarely observed nanoscale inhomogeneity in an insulating spin system, an intriguing complexity of competition due to geometrical frustration. The dramatic impact of topology and site-disorder on frustrated magnetism is further demonstrated by the hydrated variant of the NaMnO2 antiferromagnet, which gives way to a strongly interacting spin-glass state, indicative of the subtle balance of competing processes in multivalent two-dimensional systems [6]. [1] M. Giot et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 2007, 99, 247211. [2] C. Vecchini et al., Phys. Rev. B 2010, 82, 094404. [3] A. Zorko et al., Nat. Commun. 2014, 5, 3222. [4] A.M. Abakumov et al., Chem. Mater. 2014, 26, 3306. [5] A. Zorko et al., Sci. Rep. 2015, 5, 9272. [6] I. Bakaimi et al., Phys. Rev. B 2016, 93, 184422.

  334. HET/RIKEN Seminars

    "Heavy meson decays to light resonances"

    Presented by Luka Leskovec, University of Arizona

    Wednesday, November 30, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno

    Lattice QCD calculations of electroweak decays with single, strong-interaction-stable hadrons in the initial and final state have recently reached a high level of precision. Many phenomenologically important decays, however, involve hadronic resonances, and their naive analysis on the lattice leads to uncontrolled systematic errors. Recent theoretical developments in the finite-volume treatment of $1 \to 2$ transition matrix elements now enable us to perform rigorous lattice calculations of electroweak decays to light resonances such as the $\rho$. After presenting the Briceno-Hansen-Walker-Loud formalism, I will discuss our numerical implementation for the $D\to\rho \ell \nu$ and $B\to\rho \ell \nu$ decays, where we aim to quantify the effect of the unstable nature of the $\rho$. Our calculations are performed on a gauge ensemble with 2+1 flavors of clover fermions with a pion mass of ~320 MeV and a lattice size of ~3.6 fm.

  335. Physics Colloquium

    "Isolated quantum systems in extreme conditions: From heavy-ion collisions to ultracold quantum gases"

    Presented by Juergen Berges, University of Heidelberg

    Tuesday, November 29, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Isolated quantum systems in extreme conditions can exhibit characteristic common properties despite dramatic differences in key parameters such as temperature, density, field strength and others. The existence of universal regimes, where even quantitative agreements between seemingly disparate physical systems can be observed, drives a remarkable convergence of research activities across traditional lines of specialization. I will describe the concerted research efforts by the recently established Heidelberg Collaborative Research Center ISOQUANT in collaboration with BNL and discuss recent developments concerning the thermalization dynamics of non-Abelian plasmas and ultracold atoms.

  336. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Accessing Gluon Polarization with Di-jets: Present and Future"

    Presented by Brian Page, BNL

    Tuesday, November 29, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Despite extensive theoretical and experimental effort, a detailed understanding of how the proton spin is built up from the spins and orbital angular momenta of its constituents remains elusive. Polarized fixed-target deep inelastic scattering data has constrained the contribution from quark and anti-quark helicities to be roughly 30% for parton momentum fractions greater than 10^-3, while inclusive jet and $\pi^0$ asymmetry results from the STAR and PHENIX experiments at RHIC have placed strong constraints on the gluon helicity contribution for momentum fractions greater than 0.05. This talk will detail the extension of STAR inclusive jet measurements to correlated di-jet measurements, which better constrain the initial partonic kinematics. Recently released di-jet asymmetry results from STAR will be presented and the status of future measurements will be discussed. Di-jet asymmetry measurements will also play an important role in constraining the gluon helicity contribution to the proton spin at a future Electron-Ion Collider, and the prospects for such measurements will be outlined.

  337. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy at Large Angles"

    Presented by Mark Sutton, McGill University

    Tuesday, November 22, 2016, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    Xray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) has proven to be a powerful way to study time correlations in equilibrium systems. The straight forward extension to two-time correlations has also proven very useful. To date, most XPCS work has been done using small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). As with conventional x-ray diffraction, the information in disordered Bragg peaks (large angle scattering) often contains more information but it can be harder to interpret. In this talk, I will discuss several results using large angle XPCS which explore some of the complications and the resulting extra information obtained.

  338. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Probing the magnetic structure of EuPtIn4 via x-ray resonant magnetic scattering"

    Presented by Jose Renato Mardegan, Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Germany

    Tuesday, November 22, 2016, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Seminar Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    The search for fascinating materials with interesting electronic and magnetic properties has led to an enormous development in diverse areas of condensed matters physics. In particular, the Indium-rich materials containing rare-earth elements can host exotic physical phenomena emerging from the competition and/or cooperation of several physical mechanisms such as the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) magnetic interaction, heavy fermion (HF) behavior, crystalline electric field (CEF) and Kondo effects[1,2].Since the magnetic ordering and the screening of f-electrons have an important role in the ground state properties of these materials, the magnetic structure determination can be a powerful tool to understand how the moments of the magnetic ions are interacting among each other. In this sense, x-ray resonant magnetic scattering (XRMS) technique was employed to solve the magnetic structure at low temperature of the new intermetallic EuPtIn4 compound. At the resonant energy of the Eu ion (7617 eV – L2 edge), magnetic incommensurate (ICM) reflections with propagation vector type (1/2, 1/2, τ) with τ ~ 0.427 were observed. Temperature and magnetic field dependence performed at the magnetic reflections reveal an AFM coupling with a Néel temperature TN = 13.1 K and a spin flop transition above 3 T, respectively. In addition, we do not observe any magnetic anomalies related to a second phase transition as suggested in the previously reported macroscopic measurements [3,4]. The ICM phase observed at low temperature is due to geometric frustration of the Eu ions in which the RKKY exchange interaction cannot be simultaneously satisfied. Although the EuPtIn4 compound displays similar properties to a heavy fermion compound such as exotic magnetic structure and enhancement of Sommerfeld coefficient, further investigation must be performed in this new series of materials.[1] Z. Fisk, et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 6663 (1995).[2] P. Coleman, Handb

  339. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Chromodynamic Rutherford Scattering?"

    Presented by John Dainton, Cockcroft Insitute, University of Liverpool

    Tuesday, November 22, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    It is asserted that precision measurements of exclusive processes in high-luminosity electron-hadron interactions are the way forward in understanding hadron physics in Nature. Such processes involve the control of more than one scale and thereby enable experimental analysis in terms of phenomenology which can then challenge theoretical calculation in specific ways and on which it will be possible to build a full understanding of chromodynamic mechanism. The presentation is built on initial steps in an on-going analysis of published measurements of exclusive meson production at the HERA ep collider. It already can be seen to indicate that the assertion could well be well justified with precision measurements in the future in a high luminosity electron hadron collider.

  340. Particle Physics Seminar

    "The Short Baseline Neutrino program: laying the groundwork for DUNE"

    Presented by Georgia Karagiorgi, Columbia University

    Tuesday, November 22, 2016, 9:30 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The Short Baseline Neutrino (SBN) Program comprises three liquid argon time projection chamber detectors which are planning to study neutrinos from the Booster Neutrino Beamline at Fermilab, at three different locations close to the neutrino production. The trio of detectors will be able to perform precise neutrino cross section measurements, and search for short-baseline neutrino oscillations and other non-standard effects, addressing pressing questions in the field of neutrino oscillations. The SBN detectors also share the same detector technology as the future, O(100) times larger detector that will be employed for the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment. They therefore provide a testbed for R&D and for demonstrating the liquid argon TPC technology and its scalability. This seminar will highlight selected physics and R&D opportunities with SBN.

  341. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Tracking chemical reactions with time-resolved x-ray spectroscopic techniques"

    Presented by Tadese Abebaw Assefa, European XFEL Laboratory, Germany

    Monday, November 21, 2016, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    Transition metal compounds play a significant role in many chemical and biologically relevant processes. Hereby charge transfer, ligand detachment and attachment processes are fundamental ingredients, which often determine the outcome of a given chemical reaction. We investigated aqueous ferrocyanide ([FeII(CN)6]4-) ions, which undergoes charge transfer and ultrafast ligand dissociation upon irradiation of 266 and 355 nm laser light. Time-resolved (TR) x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies (XAS and XES) deliver information about structural and electronic changes in real-time implemented to follow the chemical reaction. Synchrotron-based studies are limited with 100ps time resolution enables us to disentangle simultaneous photoproducts formed after 266 nm laser excitation. Furthermore, we investigated the ultrafast ligand dissociation of aqueous ferrocyanide ions upon irradiation of 355 nm laser light at the x-ray Free Electron Laser facility (SACLA, Japan). Based on a comparison of the simulated pre-edge peaks of 1s→3d transition with the experimental data, we concluded that the reaction pathway commences via ligand detachment resulting pentacoordinated intermediate complex ([FeII(CN)5]3-), followed by the formation of the long-lived photoaquated complex ([FeII(CN)5(H2O)]3-). The ligand detachment and attachment process takes 12.43 ± 5.77 ps. TR XES results also reveal spin state change in the intermediate state. Combining these findings we interpret the consecutive steps of ligand exchange mechanism for ferrocyanide ions. Also, we characterise the molecular structure of photoexcited [FeII(terpy)2]2+ molecule via TR Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). The data analysis in energy space used two structural model expansions which are the representations of DFT predicted 5E and 5B2 quintet high spin states. After statistical evaluation of the two models, the 5E high spin state model is in better agreement with experimental data. The ener

  342. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Phase structure and dynamics of dense QCD"

    Presented by Armen Sedrakian, Frankfurt

    Friday, November 18, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    In the first part of the talk I will discuss recent computations of the transport coefficients of dense QCD from the Kubo formalism on the basis of a two-flavor model of QCD. The second part of the talk will discuss the properties of compact stars featuring color superconducting phases of dense QCD. This will include modeling of massive compact stars, neutrino cooling of such stars, and possible signatures of a phase transition within the QCD phase diagram in the X-ray data from the young neutron star in Cassiopea A.

  343. Particle Physics Seminars- SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "A more precise and accurate route from sky images to cosmological constraints"

    Presented by Gary Bernstein, University of Pennsylvania

    Thursday, November 17, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Anze Slosar

    Current (e.g. DES) and future (e.g. LSST, Euclid) experiments aim to convert multiband images of the sky into precise constraints on cosmological models, neutrino masses, and modifications of general relativity. This standard path for this inference involves making point estimates of the galaxies' redshifts (from observed colors) and weak gravitational lensing distortions (from observed morphologies), then combining these into various cross-correlations and other summary statistics that are compared to numerical simulations of the Universe. These estimators require a slew of empirical corrections to various biases, and have yet to demonstrate accuracies sufficient to reduce biases below systematic errors. I describe two steps to greatly simplify this process and eliminate the need for simulation-based calibration of estimators: first, a practical means to estimate the joint posterior probability of a galaxies' redshift and line-of-sight lensing; second, a method to sample from the posterior distribution of all mass distributions and cosmologies conditional on the galaxy density and lensing data. The main advantages of the new scheme include improved lensing and photo-z accuracy (to the required part-per-thousand level), recovery of non-Gaussian information that is lost in the usual 2-point summary statistics, and correct propagation of uncertainties (including photo-z uncertainties) into the cosmological inferences.

  344. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Quantum-field-theoretical approach to shear and bulk relaxation times"

    Presented by Alina Czajka, McGill

    Thursday, November 17, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    The shear and the bulk relaxation times are important ingredients of the second order hydrodynamics whose success in heavy ion phenomenology is unquestioned. Unlike viscosites themselves, field theoretical calculations of the relaxation times are hard to come by in literature, especially for the bulk relaxation time. In this talk, we report two field-theoretical analyses involving the shear and the bulk relaxation time. First, by carefully examining the analytic structure of the stress-energy tensor response functions, we have been able to derive, for the first time, a Kubo formula involving both the shear and the bulk relaxation times. Second, by evaluating the Kubo formula within the massless scalar theory, we have so far been able to calculate the shear relaxation time in a simple form. We will then show how this calculation can be extended to calculate the bulk relaxation time as well.

  345. Physics Colloquium

    "Low-energy Precision Physics and the Role of Lattice QCD"

    Presented by Harmut Wittig, University of Mainz

    Tuesday, November 15, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    The particle content of the Standard Model has been completely established following the discovery of the Higgs boson. While the Standard Model describes all known phenomena in accelerator-based experiments, many important questions are left unanswered. In this talk I describe several attempts to detect signals for physics beyond the Standard Model using precision experiments at low energies. Special attention is given to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and the role of lattice QCD in quantifying the hadronic uncertainties in its theoretical prediction.

  346. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Is there a low p_T anomaly in the pion momentum spectrum at LHC?"

    Presented by Pasi Huovinen, University of Wroclaw

    Tuesday, November 15, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Kjeld

    The low p_T part of the pion spectrum measured by the ALICE collaboration has turned out to be very difficult to reproduce using conventional fluid dynamical approaches. In this talk I discuss how the finite width of rho mesons affects the yield of rhos and the distribution of pions originating from rho decays, and how inclusion of the finite width in the description of resonances may help to explain the low p_T pion data.

  347. Particle Physics Seminar: SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar

    "Revealing CII Emission with LSS Cross-correlations"

    Presented by Anthony Pullen, NYU

    Thursday, November 10, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Anze Slosar

    The CII emission line tends to be the brightest line in star-forming galaxies, making it an ideal tracer of large-scale structure. Through the method of intensity mapping, astronomers hope to map CII emission at cosmological redshifts and large volumes, making CII and unprecedented probe of cosmology and reionization. However, the various models of the expected CII emission are highly uncertain by orders of magnitude, limiting our ability to predict how well potential CII surveys could probe large-scale structure. In this talk, I will present our measurement of excess emission from large scales at redshift z=2.5 potentially attributable to CII emission. This excess emission was measured by cross-correlating the 545 GHz broad-band microwave map from the Planck satellite and high-redshift quasars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. I will also discuss future opportunities with CII intensity mapping.

  348. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "An overview of lattice field theory applications to dark matter searches"

    Presented by Enrico Rinaldi, RBRC

    Thursday, November 10, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

  349. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Observational constraints on mixed-phase clouds imply higher climate sensitivity"

    Presented by Ivy Tan, Yale Univ.

    Thursday, November 10, 2016, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Robert McGraw

    Mixed-phase clouds are comprised of both liquid droplets and ice crystals. For a given total water content, mixed-phase clouds with higher liquid water contents are optically thicker and therefore more reflective to sunlight compared to those with higher ice water contents. This is due to the fact that liquid droplets tend to be smaller in size and more abundant than ice crystals in Earth's atmosphere. Given the ubiquity of mixed-phase clouds, the ratio of liquid to ice in these clouds is expected to be important for Earth's radiation budget. We determine the climatic impact of thermodynamic phase partitioning in mixed-phase clouds by using five pairs of simulations run with CAM5/CESM. Of the five pairs of simulations, the thermodynamic phase partitioning of two of the simulations were constrained to better agree with observations from CALIPSO. The other three pairs of simulations include a control simulation, as well as an upper and lower bound simulation with maximally high and low amounts of mixed-phase cloud liquid fractions. An analysis of the simulations shows that a negative "cloud phase feedback" that occurs due to the repartitioning of cloud droplets and ice crystals under global warming is weakened when mixed-phase clouds initially contain a higher amount of liquid. Simulations that exhibited weaker cloud phase feedbacks also had higher climate sensitivities. The results suggest that an unrealistically strong cloud phase feedback leading to lower climate sensitivities may be lurking in the many climate models that underestimate mixed-phase cloud liquid fractions compared to observations.

  350. Particle Physics Seminar

    "An improved ultracold neutron bottle for measuring the neutron lifetime"

    Presented by Dr. E. Adamek

    Thursday, November 10, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The neutron beta decay lifetime is an important parameter in theories of weak interaction and big bang nucleosynthesis. To this end, many experiments over the past several decades have sought to improve the precision of this value. Ultracold neutrons, or UCN, are neutrons with extremely low energies which can be contained by material walls; these have provided us with a useful tool in measuring the neutron lifetime. The most recent set of experiments have demonstrated a 6sigma discrepancy between two lifetime values, each obtained using a different method of measurement. The UCNtau experiment at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, is a bottling experiment which is designed to hold UCN within a 600 liter magnet-lined bowl to store the neutrons through magnetogravitational trapping. The open topped nature of the storage vessel allows for detectors to be lowered into the UCN volume to take in-situ measurement of the surviving UCN after varying storage times. This talk will cover newly presented results from the most recent UCNtau experiment data.

  351. HET/RIKEN Seminars

    "When the Higgs meets the Top"

    Presented by Chung Kao, University of Oklahoma

    Wednesday, November 9, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  352. Particle Physics Seminar

    "TBA"

    Presented by Jo Bovy

    Wednesday, November 9, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Stony Brook University

    Hosted by: Neelima Sehgal

  353. Physics Colloquium

    "Skyrmions and Nuclei"

    Presented by Nick Manton

    Tuesday, November 8, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    Nuclear forces are mediated by pions. As pions are light compared to nucleons and other mesons, they are treated as approximate Goldstone bosons in an effective field theory (EFT) with spontaneously broken SO(4) chiral symmetry. Generically, the nonlinear field equations of EFT have topological soliton solutions called Skyrmions, which we identify as the intrinsic structures of nucleons or larger nuclei. The quantum states of the unit-winding, spherical Skyrmion represent protons and neutrons with spin half. Skyrmions of many higher winding numbers are also known, having beautiful symmetries, and sometimes showing alpha-particle or other clustering. The classical solutions have definite location, orientation, and pion field orientation, so we quantize the collective coordinates to obtain states with definite momentum, spin and isospin. A Skyrmion's symmetry restricts its allowed spin/isospin combinations (Finkelstein—Rubinstein constraints). The recent inclusion of vibrational degrees of freedom has helped to create a reasonable model for Oxygen-16 and its excited states.

  354. Nuclear Physics & RIKEN Theory Seminar

    "Glue spin from lattice QCD"

    Presented by Yi-Bo Yang, University of Kentucky

    Friday, November 4, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

    I will present the result of the glue spin in proton from the lattice QCD simulation, and also the renormalization and matching issues. The lattice calculation is carried out with valence overlap fermions on 2+1 flavor DWF gauge configurations on four lattice spacings and four volumes including an ensemble with physical values for the quark masses. The glue spin $S_G$ in the $\overline{\text{MS}}$ scheme is obtained with the 1-loop perturbative matching. I will also discuss the generic strategy and possible difficulties of calculating the glue helicity on the lattice, from the large momentum effective theory to the lattice simulations.

  355. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Surface X-ray Diffraction for Operando Characterization of Chemical Reactions on Surfaces""

    Presented by Roberto Felici, Istituto SPIN - CNR, Italy

    Friday, November 4, 2016, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Sem. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    X-rays are an ideal probe for studying structural properties of matter and, thanks to the brilliance of synchrotron sources, they are also employed to determine the atomic structure and morphology of surfaces and interfaces. Surface x-ray diffraction has been originally developed to determine the static structure of surfaces. However with the development of x-ray sources, detectors and analysis tools it is now possible to characterise in detail processes which occur at surfaces. Aim of this talk is to present recent results obtained at the id03 surface diffraction beamline of the ESRF dealing with the in-situ characterization of the structure and morphology of a catalyst during a surface reaction. Examples will deal with heterogenous catalytic oxidation of CO on single crystal surfaces /1,2/ and supported nanoparticles /3/ References 1 R. van Rijn et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13 (2011) 13167 2 B.L. Hendriksen et al., Nat. Chem. 2 (2010) 730 3 O. Balmes, et al., Phys. Chem.Chem. Phys. 14 (2012) 4796

  356. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Form Invariance, Topological Fluctuations and Mass Gap of Yang-Mills Theory"

    Presented by Yachao Qian, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, November 3, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiromichi Nishimura

    We study the quantum Yang-Mills theory in the presence of topologically nontrivial backgrounds. The topologically stable gauge fields are constrained by the form invariance condition and the topological properties. Obeying these constraints, the known classical solutions to the Yang-Mills equation in the 3- and 4-dimensional Euclidean spaces are recovered, and the other allowed configurations form the nontrivial topological fluctuations at quantum level. Together, they constitute the background configurations, upon which the quantum Yang-Mills theory can be constructed. We demonstrate that the theory mimics the Higgs mechanism in a certain limit and develops a mass gap at semi-classical level on a flat space with finite size or on a sphere.

  357. HET/RIKEN Seminars

    "Neutrinoless double beta decay from lattice QCD"

    Presented by Amy Nicholson, UC Berkeley

    Wednesday, November 2, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno

  358. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Photon-tagged jet production in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and pp"

    Presented by Peter Steinberg, BNL

    Tuesday, November 1, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jia Jiangyong

    Nuclear collisions which produce a high transverse momentum (p_T) prompt photon offer a useful way to study the dynamics of the hot, dense medium produced in these events. Because photons do not carry color charge, they are unaffected by the hot, dense medium. Thus, the outgoing photon serves as a tag of the initial parton flavors, and measures the initial parton pT before they are quenched by their passage through the medium In 2015, ATLAS sampled 0.49 nb-1 and 26 pb-1 of Pb+Pb and pp data at 5.02 TeV, respectively, with a high-level photon trigger that selects p_T>25 GeV photons with high efficiency. The larger prompt photon cross-section and integrated luminosity with respect to 2.76 TeV data allow for new, differential studies of photon-jet correlations. In this talk, ATLAS results on photon-jet azimuthal and pT balance will be presented using pT > 60 GeV photons and R=0.4, pT > 30 GeV jets. Double-differential distributions of the jet-to-photon p_T ratio, x_Jg, and of the azimuthal difference, $\Delta\phi$, will be presented as a function of photon p_T and event centrality.

  359. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Perturbative QCD and beyond: Bose-Eitstein correlation and $v_n$ at any n"

    Presented by Genya Levin, Tel Aviv University

    Friday, October 28, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Heikki Mantysaari

  360. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    "The REDTOP Experiment: Rare Eta Decays with a TPC for Optical Photons"

    Presented by Dr. Corrado Gatto, FNAL and INFN

    Friday, October 28, 2016, 10 am
    Large Conference Room Bldg. 911B

    Hosted by: Wolfram Fischer

    The eta meson is almost unique in the particle universe since it is a Goldstone boson and the dynamics of its decay are strongly constrained. Because the eta has no charge, decays that violate conservation laws can occur without interfering with a corresponding current. The integrated eta meson samples collected in earlier experiments have been less than 1e8 events, limiting considerably the search for such rare decays. A new experiment, REDTOP, is being proposed at the proton booster of Fermilab with the intent of collecting more than 1e12 triggers/year for studies of rare eta decays. Such statistics are sufficient for investigating several symmetry violations, and for searches for new particles beyond the Standard Model. The physics program, the accelerator systems and the detector for REDTOP will be discussed during the seminar.

  361. BWIS Sponsored Lecture

    "Picturing Physics: How Topology Helps Untangle the Puzzle of the Shapes of Things"

    Moira Chas, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, October 27, 2016, 4:30 pm
    Hamilton Seminar Room, Bldg. 555

  362. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Driven Dirac Materials"

    Presented by Alexander Balatsky, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Thursday, October 27, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Seminar Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    Dirac Materials exhibit nodes in the spectra that result in the strong energy dependence of the Density of States (DOS). Collective many body instabilities in Dirac Materials are controlled by the dimensionless DOS. Hence the driven and nonequilibrium Dirac Materials offer a platform for investigation of collective instabilities of Dirac nodes via controlled tuning of the coupling constants with drive. I will present the results of investigation of the many body instabilities, like excitonic instabilities, in driven Dirac Materials. Recent optical pump experiments are consistent with the creation of long lived states away from equilibrium in Dirac Materials.

  363. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Hybrid approach to relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the RHIC BES energies"

    Presented by Chun Shen, BNL

    Thursday, October 27, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    Using a hybrid (viscous hydrodynamics + hadronic cascade) framework, we model the bulk dynamics of relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the RHIC BES collision energies, including the effects from non-zero net baryon current and its dissipative diffusion during the evolution. The framework is in full 3+1 dimension which allows us to study the non-trivial longitudinal structure and dynamics of the collision systems, for example, the baryon stopping/transport. The collision energy dependence of hadronic chemistry, identified particle spectra, anisotropic flows, and HBT radii is studied from 200 GeV to 19.6 GeV. Effects of breaking boost-invariance, net-baryon current, and its related diffusion on hadronic observables will be addressed. Finally, flow prediction for recent d+Au collisions at the BES energies will be presented within the same framework.

  364. HET/RIKEN Seminars

    "Collider signatures of flavorful Higgs bosons"

    Presented by Stefania Gori, University of Cincinnati

    Wednesday, October 26, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  365. Special Nuclear Theory/RIKEN seminar

    "A new relativistic viscous hydrodynamics code for high-energy heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Chihi Nonaka, Nagoya University, Japan

    Wednesday, October 26, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Chun Shen

    Relativistic hydrodynamic simulations play a key role in exploring the QGP bulk property and the QCD phase transition from analyses of high-energy heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. From the intensive study based on relativistic viscous hydrodynamic models with event-by-event initial fluctuations, we can extract detailed information of the bulk feature of the QGP such as transport coefficients and the QCD equations of states. In the quantitative analyses of the QGP property, high-precision numerical treatment on the hydrodynamic calculation is important. Recently, we developed a new 3+1 dimensional relativistic viscous hydrodynamics code in Cartesian coordinates. In the algorithm, we use a Riemann solver based on the two-shock approximation which is stable under existence of large shock waves. We extend the algorithm in Cartesian coordinates to that in Milne coordinates so that we can efficiently apply it to the analyses of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. We check the correctness of the numerical algorithm by comparing numerical calculations and analytical solutions in various problems for ideal and viscous fluids. The new numerical scheme is stable even with small numerical viscosity, which is very important to discuss the physical viscosities at RHIC and LHC.

  366. Physics Colloquium

    "From Stars to Nuclei and Back: Our Cosmic Origin and the Exascale Challenge to Find It"

    Presented by Tony Mezzacappa, University of Tennessee

    Tuesday, October 25, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    We learn in elementary school that the elements in the Periodic Table are the building blocks of our world, including our very bodies. But from where do the elements come? This is among the most basic questions we can ask, yet the precise answer remains elusive. We witness the cycle of life in our daily lives, everywhere on Earth. This is no less true in the Universe. With the exception of the lightest elements such as hydrogen and helium, elements are made in stars. As stars evolve and die, these elements pepper the interstellar medium, from which new stars, and planets, – in particular, our solar system – form. We understand the essential elements of this cycle – from stellar birth, life, and death, to the formation of the elements, to the formation of new stars and planets including those elements, to ultimately the origin of our solar system and life on Earth given those elements. But pieces of the puzzle are missing. We do not yet understand how certain stars that are factories for many of the elements, die, nor do we know the precise origin of half the elements heavier than iron, although we have narrowed down the list of possible sites. Today's colloquium will focus on the death of massive stars in catastrophic explosions known as core collapse supernovae. Such supernovae provide the lion's share of the elements between oxygen and iron, and are considered a potential site for the origin of half the elements heavier than iron. Arguably, they are the single most important source of elements in the Universe. Such supernovae present us with a general relativistic, radiation magneto-hydrodynamic – i.e., a multi-physics – environment to model. Further richness and complexity is added by the fact that the macroscopic evolution of such a system is governed in no small part by the high-density, neutron-rich, nuclear matter at the core of the supernova and by the microscopic interaction of radiation in the form of neutrinos with th

  367. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Recent Experimental Results on QCD Factorization Breaking of Nonperturbative Functions"

    Presented by Joe Osborn

    Tuesday, October 25, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jin Huang

    In the last two decades the study of nucleon structure has shifted from a one-dimensional picture to exploring the dynamic three-dimensional structure of partons within the nucleon. In the transverse-momentum-dependent framework, nonperturbative parton distribution functions (PDFs) and fragmentation functions (FFs) explicitly carry dependence on partonic transverse momentum rather than only the collinear momentum of the parton with respect to the hadron or produced hadron with respect to the fragmenting parton. The recent interest in the transverse structure of the nucleon has largely been motivated by the novel phenomenological consequences that have been predicted for transverse-momentum-dependent nonperturbative functions. Contrary to the collinear framework, certain transverse-momentum-dependent PDFs are predicted to be process dependent. Additionally, factorization breaking has been predicted in hadronic collisions where a final-state hadron is measured and the observable is sensitive to nonperturbative transverse momentum. This prediction has the interesting quantum mechanical consequence that partons are correlated with each other across the bound state hadrons, rather than being identified with individual PDFs and FFs. Recent results from the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider will be shown which investigate effects that are predicted to be sensitive to the nonperturbative factorization breaking.

  368. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Creating Spatially Ordered States in Monolayer Graphene"

    Presented by Abhay Pasupathy, Columbia University

    Friday, October 21, 2016, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    Electrons in graphene at the Fermi level have chirality or handedness that arises from the honeycomb structure in real space. This chirality is responsible for many of the fascinating electronic properties of graphene such as Klein tunneling. In this talk, I will describe two related scanning tunneling microscopy experiments that probe the chiral nature of the electronic states in graphene. First, I will describe an experiment where we observe the chiral symmetry of graphene to be broken, resulting in a bond-ordered phase called Kekule order. I will show that this new phase in monolayer graphene can be induced by adatoms on the surface of graphene which interact electronically with each other. In a related experiment, I will describe the electronic structure of graphene in the presence of a circular potential well that separates the sheet into p (hole) and n (electron) doped regions. Electrons in these wells spend a finite amount of time before transitioning out of the well, resulting in quasibound states that can be measured in scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Due to the chirality of the electrons in graphene, the transition probabilities at the p-n junction are governed by the physics of Klein tunneling, which can be understood from the details of the energies and wavefunctions of the quasibound states observed in experiment.

  369. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Large area GEM detectors with zigzag readouts"

    Presented by Aiwu Zhang, Florida Institute of Technology

    Thursday, October 20, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Gaseous Electron Multiplier (GEM) detectors have been widely studied and applied in many experiments. The so called zigzag readout has been studied for reading out large area GEM detectors for tracking purposes. Using of the zigzag readout can significantly reduce number of electronic channels and hence the cost of a detector while still preserving good spatial resolution on a detector. In this presentation, I will first briefly review the GEM detectors and their applications, then I will focus on the R&D activities on GEM detectors with zigzag readout for tracking at a future electron ion collider (EIC), I'll also cover some potential applications of large area GEM detectors and the zigzag readout for other experiments.

  370. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Chiral magnetic effect and anomalous transport from real-time lattice simulations"

    Presented by Niklas Mueller, Heidelberg University

    Thursday, October 20, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    We present a first-principles study of anomaly induced transport phenomena by performing real-time lattice simulations with dynamical fermions coupled simultaneously to non-Abelian SU(Nc) and Abelian U(1) gauge fields. Investigating the behavior of vector and axial currents during a sphaleron transition in the presence of an external magnetic field, we demonstrate how the interplay of the chiral magnetic and chiral separation effect leads to the formation of a propagating wave. We further analyze the dependence of the magnitude of the induced vector current and the propagation of the wave on the amount of explicit chiral symmetry breaking due to finite quark masses. Further we perform simulations using overlap-fermions for the first time in real-time, showing that in the classical statistical regime they can be related to the Wilson formulation.

  371. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Phase diagram of the strongly interacting matter in an effective field theory approach"

    Presented by Gyorgy Wolf

    Tuesday, October 18, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    In the framework of an SU(3) (axial)vector meson extended linear sigma model with additional constituent quarks and Polyakov loops, we investigate the effects of (axial)vector mesons on the chiral phase transition. The parameters of the Lagrangian are set at zero temperature and we use a hybrid approach where in the effective potential the constituent quarks are treated at one-loop level and all the mesons at tree-level. We have four order parameters, two scalar condensates and two Polyakov loop variables and their temperature and baryochemical potential dependence are determined from the corresponding field equations. We investigate the thermodynamics of the system, and at zero temperature we compare our results with lattice calculations. We calculate th phase diagram and the scalar meson masses in the hot and dense medium.

  372. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Kibble-Zurek dynamics and universal off-equilibrium scaling of critical cumulants in the QCD phase diagram"

    Presented by Raju Venugopalan, BNL

    Thursday, October 13, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    We exploit the universality between the QCD critical point and the three dimensional Ising model to derive closed form expressions for non-equilibrium critical cumulants on the crossover side of the critical point. Novel expressions are obtained for the non-Gaussian Skewness and Kurtosis cumulants; our results reveal that they can differ both in magnitude and sign from equilibrium expectations. We show further that key elements of the Kibble-Zurek framework of non-equilibrium phase transitions can be employed to describe the dynamics of these critical cumulants. As a consequence, observables sensitive to critical dynamics in heavy-ion collisions are expressible as universal scaling functions and thereby provide powerful model independent guidance in searches for the QCD critical point.

  373. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Cannibal Dark Matter"

    Presented by Marco Farina, Rutgers University

    Wednesday, October 12, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  374. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Transverse polarization of Lambda/anti-Lambda in e+e- annihilation at Belle and the K-Long muon (KLM) system of Belle-II detector"

    Presented by Yinhui Guan, Indiana University

    Tuesday, October 11, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Spontaneous Lambda polarization has been observed in unpolarized pp collisions years ago while the precise mechanism behind it remains unknown. It is assumed that the so called polarizing Fragmentation Function(FF) plays a important role in this effect. The polarizing FF is of great interest not only because it is strongly connected to the spin structure of hadrons, but also it is chiral-even and the sign is possible to be unambiguously measured so it provides a unique opportunity to test the universality of the FFs. The large e+e- annihilation data sample collected by the Belle experiment at the KEKB storage ring allows a precision study of the production of transversely polarized hyperons and check our current understanding of the associated QCD dynamics. The measurement of transverse Lambda/anti-Lambda polarization in e+e- annihilation in the inclusive Lambda production processes at Belle will be presented and discussed. The Belle II detector and SuperKEKB, the upgrade of Belle detector and KEKB collider, are being constructed at the KEK laboratory in Tsukuba, Japan. The K-Long and muon system of Belle II, which provides the K-Long and muon identification, consists of an alternating sandwich iron plates and active detector elements located outside of the superconducting solenoid. The Belle KLM based on glass-electrode resistive plate chambers(RPC) has demonstrated good performance. However, the long dead time of the RPCs during the recovery of the electric field after a discharge significantly reduces the detection efficiency under high backgrounds fluxes. So the endcap RPCs and two inner layers of barrel RPCs will be retired and replaced with scintillators in Belle II. This talk will introduce the Belle-II detector, mainly KLM system and the related offline software, KLM alignment and the current status of cosmic ray test (CRT).

  375. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "X-ray Imaging via Bragg CDI: From Ultrafast Physics to Defect Dynamics"

    Presented by Andrew Ulvestad, Argonne National Laboratory

    Friday, October 7, 2016, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ian Robinson

    Bragg coherent diffractive imaging is an emerging x-ray imaging technique capable of resolving both defect and ultrafast dynamics in nanocrystals with three-dimensional detail and nanometer resolution. This ability to study single nanocrystals in their reactive environments opens new insight into a broad range of materials science questions, including how to improve materials that convert heat into electricity, understanding degradation in advanced battery cathodes, and probing the structure-stability relationship in fuel cell catalysts. Here I will discuss Bragg CDI studies of phonon dynamics in Zinc Oxide and defect dynamics in thin film grains driven by temperature. Finally, I will touch on future directions for BCDI with the anticipated increase in coherent flux at upgraded synchrotrons.

  376. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Complex spectrum of QCD at finite density"

    Presented by Hiromichi Nishimura, RBRC

    Thursday, October 6, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    We consider the effective action of the Polyakov loop at finite temperature and density. Using simple models, we show two novel manifestations of the sign problem in QCD: the non-hermitian transfer matrix and the complex saddle point. As a result the mass matrix associated with the Polyakov loop becomes complex, and it gives rise to damped oscillatory behavior in Polyakov loop correlation functions, which reflects oscillatory behavior in the quark-number density reminiscent of density-density correlation functions in liquids. The complex spectrum should be observable in lattice simulations of QCD and may provide a test for finite-density algorithms.

  377. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Reversed Nanoscale Kirkendall Effect in Au-InAs Hybrid Nanoparticles"

    Presented by Anatoly I. Frenkel, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stony Brook University / Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Thursday, October 6, 2016, 11 am
    Bldg 735, Conference Room A

    Hosted by: Eric Stach

    Metal-semiconductor hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) have synergistic properties that have been exploited in photocatalysis, electrical, and optoelectronic applications. Rational design of hybrid NPs requires the knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of diffusion of the metal species through the nanoscale semiconductor lattice. One extensively studied process of diffusion of two materials across the nanoparticle surface is known as the nanoscale Kirkendall effect. There, an atomic species A with the lower diffusion rate enters the nanocrystal slower than the B species diffusing from the nanocrystal outward. As a result, voids are formed in B, providing an interesting avenue for making hollow nanocrystals. We used time-resolved X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy to monitor the diffusion process of Au atoms through InAs nanocrystals in real time. In this system the diffusion rate of the inward diffusing species (Au) is faster than that of the outward diffusion species (InAs), which results in the formation of a crystalline metallic Au core surrounded by an amorphous, oxidized InAs shell with voids in it. These observations indicate that in hybrid Au-InAs NPs the rarely observed "reversed nanoscale Kirkendall effect" is in play. It presents a potentially new way to synthesize unique nanoscale core-shell structures.

  378. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark Interactions: perspective from theory and experiment"

    Thursday, October 6, 2016, 9 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

  379. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "The numerical renormalization group as a viable multi-band impurity solver for dynamical mean-field theory"

    Presented by Katharina Stadler, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, ASC, Germany

    Wednesday, October 5, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Gabi Kotliar

    In my talk I will present the numerical renormalization group (NRG) as a viable multi-band impurity solver for dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT). NRG offers unprecedented real-frequency spectral resolution at arbitrarily low energies and temperatures. It is thus perfectly suited to study "Hund metals" [1], which show - in experiments and theoretical DMFT calculations - puzzling behavior at unusually low energy scales, like Fermi-liquid behavior at low temperatures, a coherence-incoherence crossover with increasing temperature [2, 3] and fractional power laws for the imaginary part of the Matsubara self-energy in the incoherent regime, discovered already early on with continuous time quantum Monte Carlo (CTQMC) as DMFT solver [3]. I will explicitly demonstrate the advantages of NRG+DMFT in the context of a channel-symmetric three-band Anderson-Hund model on a Bethe lattice at 1/3 filling (with NRG exploiting the non-abelian SU(3) channel symmetry to reduce numerical costs) [4]. In contrast to CTQMC, our NRG+DMFT calculations finally settled the existence of a Fermi-liquid ground state. We further revealed new important insights: our real-frequency one-particle spectral function shows a coherence-incoherence crossover (driven by Hund J rather than Hubbard U) and strong particle-hole asymmetry, which leads to the above-mentioned apparent fractional power laws; two-stage screening, where spin screening occurs at much lower energies than orbital screening ("spin-orbital separation"); and zero-temperature spectral properties that are similar with or without DMFT self-consistency, in contrast to Mott-Hubbard systems, where the DMFT self-consistency opens a gap. A recent reformulation of NRG, called "interleaved NRG" (iNRG) [5, 6] allows to tackle more realistic models of Hund metals where channel symmetries are generally broken (for example, due to crystal field splitting).

  380. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "EoSization in holgraphic shockwave collision"

    Presented by Maximilian Attems, University of Barcelona

    Tuesday, October 4, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Ever since fast hydrodynamization has been observed in heavy ion collisions the understanding of the very early non-equilbrium stage of such collisions has been a topic of intense research. We use the gauge/string duality to model the creation of a strongly coupled Quark-Gluon plasma in a non-conformal gauge theory. This study is the first non-conformal holographic simulation of a heavy ion collision. We extract new physics as compared to the conformal case such as the non-trivial equation of state and the presence of a sizeable bulk viscosity. Non-conformality gives rise to an increase of the relaxation times of the resulting plasma. Furthermore, if the bulk viscosity is large enough then the plasma becomes well described by hydrodynamics before the equilibrium equation of state becomes applicable. This time we refer to as the EoSization time. This EoSization process is a new non-conformal relaxation channel involving the evolution of energy density and average pressure. It is exciting to see this new channel for bulk viscsosity values well below QCD critical temperature estimates.

  381. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Viscous organic aerosol particles and water uptake: From observations of internal diffusion fronts in single, levitated particles to estimating kinetic limitations under atmospheric conditions"

    Presented by Dr. Ulrich Krieger, Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima, Zürich, Switzerland

    Friday, September 30, 2016, 11 am
    Conference Room Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Robert McGraw

    Field measurements in the recent past have shown that secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles are often amorphous glasses or highly viscous liquids under dry and/or cold conditions. Chemical and physical processes occurring in the interior of the aerosol particle and at the gas/particle interface are influenced by the viscous state in which condensed-phase diffusion is slows down considerably. I will discuss measurements of water diffusion in single, levitated aerosol particles for a number of model systems of SOA. In particular, I will show how Mie-resonance spectroscopy allows to "image" diffusion fronts within these particles and discuss atmospheric implications of kinetic limitations of water uptake.

  382. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Sterile Neutrino Search at Daya Bay"

    Presented by Dr. Wei Tang, BNL

    Friday, September 30, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Daya Bay recently updated the light sterile neutrino searching results with 621 days of data. The new analysis has 3.6 times of statistics, improved energy calibration as well as the reduced backgrounds compared to the previous publication. The resulting limits on sin22theta14 are improved by approximately a factor of two over previous results and constitute the most stringent constraints to date in the Delta m2_41 < 0.2 eV2 region. The result is combined with those from MINOS and Bugey-3 experiments to constrain oscillation into light sterile neutrinos. The three experiments are sensitive to complementary regions of parameter space, enabling the combined analysis to probe regions allowed by the LSND and MiniBooNE experiments in 3+1 neutrino framework. Stringent limits on sin22theta_mue are set over six orders of magnitude in the sterile mass-squared splitting Delta m2_41. In this talk, I will show details of the recent update sterile neutrino search at Daya Bay, the reproduction of Bugey-3's results and the combination of Daya Bay, Bugey-3 and MINOS results.

  383. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Simulating the large-scale structure in different density environments"

    Presented by Chi-Ting Chiang, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, September 29, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Anze Slosar

    Understanding structure formation is one of the most important issues in modern cosmology. In particular, in the era of big astronomical data, connecting observation and theory is crucial to improve precision cosmology, and possibly probe new physics. The observables of large-scale structure, such as galaxy number density, generally depend on the density of the environment. This dependence can traditionally be studied by performing gigantic cosmological N-body simulations and measuring the observables in different density environments. Alternatively, we can perform so-called ``separate universe simulations,'' in which the effect of the environment is absorbed into the change of the cosmological parameters. In other words, an overdense universe is equivalent to a positively curved universe, and the structure formation would change accordingly. In this talk, I will introduce the separate universe mapping, and present how the power spectrum and halo mass function changes in different density environments, which are related to the squeezed-limit bispectrum and the halo bias, respectively. I will also discuss our recent progress on extending this approach to multiple fluids such as dynamic dark energy and massive neutrinos.

  384. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Measurement of muon g-2 and EDM with ultra-cold muon beam at J-PARC"

    Presented by Dr. Tsutomu Mibe, KEK

    Thursday, September 29, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The J-PARC E34 experiment aims to measure the anomalous magnetic moment (g-2) and electric dipole moment (EDM) of the positive muon with a novel technique utilizing an ultra-cold muons accelerated to 300 MeV/c and a 66 cm-diameter compact muon storage ring without focusing electric field. This measurement will be complementary to the previous BNL E821 experiment and upcoming FNAL E989 experiment with the muon beam at the magic momentum 3.1GeV/c in a 14 m-diameter storage ring. In this talk, I'd like to discuss the present status and prospects.

  385. HET Seminar

    "Lattice QCD for Neutrino Physics"

    Presented by Aaron Meyer, University of Chicago

    Wednesday, September 28, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Mattia Bruno

  386. Physics Colloquium

    "Synthetic gene circuits: New research tools for quantitative biology"

    Presented by Gabor Balazsi, Stony Brook U

    Tuesday, September 27, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    Synthetic biology is a new interdisciplinary field that designs and builds artificial biological systems, using principles from physics, engineering, and mathematics. Recent success stories include the massive, low-cost synthesis of the anti-malaria drug artemisinin, and the construction of genetic switches, oscillators and logic gates. In my laboratory we build synthetic gene circuits and use them as new research tools to precisely perturb cells and watch how they respond. This way, we hope to develop a predictive, quantitative understanding of biological processes such as microbial drug resistance and cancer. We have developed an expanding library of synthetic gene regulatory circuits first in yeast, and then in cancer cells for this purpose. I will illustrate through a few examples how we can gain a deeper, quantitative understanding of microbial drug resistance and cancer using synthetic gene circuits.

  387. Particle Physics Seminar

    "SB/BNL Joint Cosmo Seminar"

    Thursday, September 22, 2016, 12 pm
    Stony Brook

    Hosted by: Anze Slosar

  388. Joint YITP/HET Seminar

    "Towards precision jet physics at the LHC"

    Presented by Matt Schwartz, Harvard

    Wednesday, September 21, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Amarjit Soni

  389. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Hadronization studies at HERMES"

    Presented by Charlotte Van Hulse, University of the Basque Country

    Tuesday, September 20, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    The HERMES experiment at DESY, Hamburg, collected data using the 27.6 GeV HERA electron/positron beam incident on a variety of gaseous targets, among others transversely polarized and unpolarized hydrogen as well as unpolarized deuterium, neon, krypton, and xenon. From the data taken with hydrogen and deuterium targets, charge-separated kaon and pion multiplicities in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering were extracted. These allow the study of the spin-independent fragmentation of quarks into the identified hadrons. Hadronization in the nuclear environment studied via the analysis of multiplicities provides additional qualitative information on the space-time evolution of hadron formation. From the analysis of the azimuthal distribution of the produced hadrons, spin effects in hadronization can be studied, in particular the Collins fragmentation function, which describes the formation of a transversely polarized quark into an unpolarized hadron. The latter fragmentation function can also be accessed independently analyzing semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering events using the transversely polarized hydrogen target. The study of two-pion and two-kaon production from this same data sample provides access to a series of di-hadron fragmentation functions, including those in which the transverse spin of the fragmenting quark is transferred to the relative orbital angular momentum of the hadron pair. An overview of the results of the mentioned analyses as well as their possible interpretations will be presented.

  390. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Interplay of structure, magnetism and superconductivity in the 112 Fe based superconducting family"

    Presented by Ni Ni, UCLA

    Thursday, September 15, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Seminar Room, 2nd Fl, ISB Bldg. 734

    Hosted by: Robert Konik

    Both cuprates and Fe-based superconductors, the two known high Tc superconducting families, show rich emergent phenomena near the superconductivity (SC). To understand the mechanism of unconventional SC, it is crucial to unravel the nature of these emergent orders. The 112 Fe pnictide superconductor (FPS), Ca1−xRExFeAs2 (CaRE112), shows SC up to 42 K, the highest bulk Tc among all nonoxide FPS. Being an exceptional FPS where the global C4 rotational symmetry is broken even at room temperature, it is important to extract the similarities and di?erences between 112 and other FPS so that critical ingredients in inducing SC in FPS can be ?ltered. In this talk, I will review current progress in the study of 112. The comparison between Co doped CaLa112 and Co doped 10-3-8 will be made and the importance of interlayer coupling will be discussed.

  391. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Quark Polarization at Small x"

    Presented by Matt Sievert, BNL

    Thursday, September 15, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    Parton distribution functions in the small-x limit have long been known to be dominated by gluon bremsstrahlung produced in the BFKL and BK / JIMWLK evolution mechanisms. This small-x gluon cascade generates high color-charge densities, leading to the effective semi-classical theory known as the color-glass condensate (CGC). While this unpolarized small-x evolution has been thoroughly studied, the evolution of the polarized parton distributions is much less understood. Using modern CGC techniques, we calculate the small-x evolution equations for the helicity distribution of polarized quarks. This polarized small-x evolution is quite different from the unpolarized evolution, bringing in much more complicated dynamics which transfer spin to small x. Although the quark polarization at small x is initially suppressed, strong evolution corrections substantially enhance the amount of spin at small x. By solving our equations (numerically, in the large-Nc limit), we compute the asymptotic behavior of the quark helicity at small x, and we discuss the implications of this result for the outstanding Proton Spin Puzzle.

  392. Physics Colloquium

    "Transport in QCD: A Theorist's View"

    Presented by Guy Moore, University of Darmstadt

    Tuesday, September 13, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    After summarizing the role of hydrodynamics in QCD and heavy ion physics, I will focus on what we know, theoretically, about the transport coefficients which enter hydrodynamics. I will focus on shear viscosity and heavy quark diffusion. I will explain the problems and limitations of the theoretical tools we have, and how we hope to push them a little farther — and better characterize their weaknesses.

  393. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Finite-Size Scaling of Susceptibility and Non-Gaussian Fluctuations Near the QCD Critical Point"

    Presented by Roy Lacey, Stony Brook University

    Friday, September 9, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Matthew Sievert

    A major experimental theme at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), is the the study of observables that could signal the location and character of the critical endpoint (CEP) – the end point of the first-order coexistence curve in the temperature vs. baryon chemical potential (T, μB) plane of the phase diagram for Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). I will show that Finite-Size Scaling of measurements linked to both the susceptibility and critical fluctuations, lead to scaling functions which provide a potent tool for locating and characterizing the CEP. A recent estimate of the location of the CEP and the associated critical exponents used to assign the order of the transition and its universality class will be presented as well.

  394. HET Lunch Discussions

    "The Beryllium anomaly and a possible particle physics interpretation"

    Presented by Eder Izaguirre, BNL

    Friday, September 9, 2016, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Christoph Lehner

  395. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Current state of nPDFs, LHC and future possibilities"

    Presented by Pia Zurita, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Spain

    Thursday, September 1, 2016, 2 pm
    2-160

    Hosted by: Thomas Ullrich

    In the last years, significant progress has been made in obtaining nuclear PDFs (nPDFs) from data. In addition to the theoretical improvements routinely used in modern extractions of free proton PDFs, the most recent determinations of nPDFs have move towards truly global QCD analyses of nuclear effects. Furthermore, the end of the Run at the LHC I has shown promising results for the improvement of our knowledge on the nuclear medium. In this talk I will discuss the current state of nPDFs, comparing the most recent determinations, and address the possible impact of LHC and future colliders' data on the nPDFs.

  396. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "The first-principles study of structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of strongly correlated materials: DFT+DMFT approach."

    Presented by Hyowon Park, University of Illinois

    Thursday, August 25, 2016, 3 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Neil Robinson

    Strongly correlated materials including transitional metal oxides and heavy fermion materials exhibit novel structural, electronic, and magnetic properties. The first-principles study of these unusual properties requires a theoretical description that goes beyond density functional theory to treat strong correlation effects properly. In this talk, I will show that the density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory (DFT+DMFT) method enables realistic and quantitative calculations of those properties in good agreement with experimental spectroscopic measurements. First, I will clarify the nature of the insulating phase in bulk rare-earth nickelates using DFT+DMFT and determine the structural and metal-insulator phase diagram. I will also present DFT+DMFT results of structural and electronic properties in artificially structured LaNiO3/LaAlO3 superlattices under strains. Calculation results of layer-resolved orbital polarization will be compared to recent X-ray absorption spectroscopy data and analyzed in terms of structural and quantum confinement effects. Finally, I will show the momentum and frequency dependent magnetic excitation spectra in CePd3 computed using DFT+DMFT and explain that the calculated spectra based on realistic band excitations are in good agreement with the inelastic neutron scattering data measured in this material.

  397. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Testing the Standard Model with the lepton g-2"

    Presented by Massimo Passera, INFN

    Thursday, August 25, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: William Marciano

  398. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Multiplicity Fluctuations in Dilute-Dense Scattering"

    Presented by A. H. Mueller, Columbia University

    Friday, August 19, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Matthew Sievert

    The general features of the event-by-event fluctuations of the multiplicity of gluons produced in the scattering of a dilute "hadron" off a large nucleus are discussed. Analytic calculations are possible in "semi-realistic" circumstances.

  399. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Controlling the metal-insulator transition in LaNiO3"

    Presented by Frederick Walker, Yale University

    Thursday, August 18, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Bldg., Conf Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Mark Dean

    New materials are needed to advance electronic, optical and energy materials beyond current technology trends. Perovskite oxides can potentially meet these needs due to their flexibility and unique functional properties. In bulk materials, these properties are accessed through modifications of physical and electronic structure through cation substitution in the perovskite lattice. An even larger phase space of properties and functionalities is possible when these materials are combined in thin film heterostructure form using molecular beam epitaxy. The sensitivity of the resulting properties on interface structure often dominates device function. Uncovering a microscopic understanding of emergent properties at such interfaces is challenging due to the small volume of material present. In this talk, we show how a combination of first principles theory and experiment can be used to develop a non-volatile, three terminal switch. The device is implemented by using the perovskite LaNiO3 as a conducting channel and a ferroelectric gate. The approach to developing this switch involves synchrotron x-ray characterization of picoscale structural distortions for LaNiO3 heterostructures, including LaNiO3-vacuum, LaNiO3-band insulator, and LaNiO3-ferroelectric. The consequences of the picoscale distortions are strong modulations of the measured electronic transport as a function of interface and ferroelectric polarization direction. Quantitative comparisons of the structure with first principles theory show excellent agreement. Theory provides an understanding of how the picoscale distortions at the interface result in changes in orbital occupation and band properties of both the nickelate and ferroelectric. These insights inspire new principles for designing ferroelectric heterostructures that show record non-volatile resistance modulations.

  400. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Standard Model Vacuum Stability with a 125 GeV Higgs Boson"

    Presented by Stefano Di Vita, DESY

    Friday, August 12, 2016, 12:15 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

  401. Special Nuclear Theory Seminar

    "Scalar mesons in low-energy QCD and probing their properties within generalized linear sigma model"

    Presented by Amir Fariborz, SUNY Institute of Technology at Utica

    Tuesday, August 9, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    Unlike the light pseudoscalar mesons, understanding the properties of light scalar mesons (particularly, their quark substructure) is known to be quite nontrivial. Scalar mesons are important from the theoretical point of view because they are effectively the Higgs bosons of QCD and induce chiral symmetry breaking, and therefore, are probes of the QCD vacuum. Scalars are also important from a phenomenological point of view, as they are crucial intermediate states in Goldstone boson interactions away from threshold; in a range of energy that is too high for a chiral perturbation theory framework, and too low in the context of the perturbative QCD. The physics of scalar mesons has a great impact on our understanding of important issues in strong interactions such as the diquarks, glueballs, hybrids, violation of isospin, low energy hadron phenomenology, instantons, and final-state interaction of pseudoscalar mesons. Moreover, physics of scalar mesons can provide significant insights outside its immediate focus of low-energy QCD such as, for example, in studies of decay Ds to f0(980) e+ ve or decay Bs to J/psi f0(980) measured by LHCb. In this talk, the status of the scalar mesons will be briefly reviewed and the generalized linear sigma model of low-energy QCD for understanding their properties will be presented. Specifically, the underlying symmetries (and their breakdown) for designing the generalized linear sigma model, as well as various contacts with experiment for fixing the free paremeters of the model will be discussed in some details. Several predictions for various low-energy processes as well as the application of this model to studies of heavier meson decays will be given, and directions for further extensions of the model will be discussed.

  402. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Polarization phenomena in the Drell-Yan process"

    Presented by Werner Vogelsang, University of Tübingen

    Friday, August 5, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Matthew Sievert

    We present calculations of next-to-leading order corrections to the cross section and the single-longitudinal spin asymmetry for W boson production at RHIC. We also discuss decay lepton angular distributions in the Drell-Yan process at hadron colliders and in fixed-target experiments.

  403. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Study of the detection of supernova neutrinos"

    Presented by Hanyu Wei, Tsinghua University

    Friday, August 5, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    A core-collapse supernova explosion would release an enormous amount of neutrinos, the detection of which could yield answers to many questions of supernova dynamics and neutrino physics. The collective neutrinos from all the past supernovae all over the universe (supernova relic neutrinos) are also observable, and their detection would provide us an insight of the stellar evolution and cosmology. In this talk, I will first introduce the supernova burst neutrinos as well as supernova relic neutrinos. Then, i will present the design, characteristics, and sensitivity of an online trigger system of supernova burst neutrinos at Daya Bay. I will also present a search for supernova burst neutrinos at Daya Bay using about 600 days of data. At last, a sensitivity study of the discovery potential for supernova relic neutrinos with a slow liquid scintillator will be presented, which is highly recommended to kilo-ton-scale detectors.

  404. Particle Physics Seminar

    "KamLAND-Zen and NuDot: The Future of Liquid Scintillator Detectors"

    Presented by Lindley Winslow, MIT

    Thursday, August 4, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Large liquid-scintillator-based detectors have proven to be exceptionally effective for low energy neutrino measurements due to their good energy resolution and scalability to large volumes. The addition of directional information using Cherenkov light and fast timing would enhance the scientific reach of these detectors, especially for searches for neutrino-less double-beta decay. NuDot is a 1m3 prototype detector that will demonstrate this technique using fast photodetectors and eventually quantum-dot doped liquid scintillator. The ultimate goal is a measurement of two neutrino double-beta decay with direction reconstruction.

  405. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Photon-jet Ridge at RHIC and the LHC"

    Presented by Amir Rezaeian, The Federico Santa Maria Technical University

    Thursday, August 4, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    I will talk about inclusive prompt photon and photon-jet production in p+A collisions at RHIC and the LHC. In particular, I show that photon-jet correlations in the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) picture exhibit long-range azimuthal collimation at near-side for low transverse momenta of the produced photon and jet in high-multiplicity events. These ridge-like features are strikingly similar to the observed ridge effect for di-hadron correlations at RHIC and the LHC. I show that correlations in the relative rapidity and the relative azimuthal angle between pairs of prompt photon and jet strongly depend on the gluon saturation dynamics at small-x kinematics and such measurements can help to understand the true origin of the observed di-hadron ridge in p+A collisions, and address whether the ridge is a universal phenomenon for all two particle correlations at high energy and high multiplicity events.

  406. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Perovskite Photovoltaics and g-ray Radiation Detectors Research Highlights"

    Presented by Deidra R. Hodges, Ph.D., University of Texas at El Paso

    Wednesday, August 3, 2016, 11 am
    CFN, Bldg 735, Conference Room A, 1st Floor

    Hosted by: Mircea Cotlet

    Perovskite Photovoltaics: Renewable energies are one of the most important components of the global new energy strategy. Utilizing the power of the sun is one of the most viable ways to solve the foreseeable world's energy crisis. With increasing attention toward carbon-neutral energy production, solar electricity, or photovoltaic (PV) technology, is the object of steadily growing interest. The International Energy Agency's technology roadmap estimates that by 2050, PV will provide ~ 11% of all global electricity production & avoid 2.3 gigatonnes of CO2 emissions per year. A new solar cell material has evolved with transformative potential with laboratory efficiencies of 19.7%. Perovskite absorber materials are very inexpensive to synthesize & simple to manufacture, making them an extremely commercially viable option. Solar cell efficiencies of devices using these materials have increased from 3.8% in 2009 to a certified 20.1% in 2015, making this the fastest-advancing solar cell technology to date. These devices are also known for their high photon absorptivity, ideal direct band gaps with superior carrier charge transports, & cost-effective modes of fabrication scalability. Gama-ray Radiation Detectors: Cadmium zinc telluride (Cd1-xZnxTe or CZT), a ternary semiconductor material is well suited for good charge collection efficiency & high energy resolution room temperature x- & gamma (γ) -ray radiation detectors. In addition, these detectors can be small in size & have fast timing characteristics. Key semiconductor material properties required for high efficiency, & high energy resolution radiation detectors operable at room temperature are a high atomic number, ideal bandgap & low leakage current, high carrier mobility-lifetime (µτ) product to ensure complete charge collection, & high-purity, homogenous, & defect-free. CZT is recognized as one of the leading materials for fabrication.

  407. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Azimuthal anisotropy and the distribution of linearly polarized gluons in DIS dijet production at high energy"

    Presented by Adrian Dumitru, Baruch College

    Friday, July 29, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Matthew Sievert

    High Pt Dijet production in ep/eA DIS at small x (high energy) involves the expectation value of a trace of four Wilson lines, i.e. the quadrupole. At leading power the isotropic part can be expressed as the conventional Weizsacker-Williams gluon distribution. On the other hand, the distribution of linearly polarized gluons determines the amplitude of the ~ cos(2phi) anisotropy of the transverse momentum imbalance. I shall also discuss the operator that determines the next-to-leading power correction, its expectation value in a Gaussian theory (at large Nc), and the resulting .

  408. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Modeling electron- and neutrino-nucleus scattering in kinematics"

    Presented by Vishvas Pandey, Ghent University

    Thursday, July 28, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Thomas Ullrich

    The accelerator-based neutrino-oscillation program, aimed for the measurement of oscillation parameters and observing the leptonic CP violation, is moving full steam ahead. However, the recent measurements have revealed unexpected and interesting neutrino interaction physics, and exposed the inadequacy of the relativistic Fermi gas (RFG) based Monte-Carlo generators (in describing neutrino-nucleus scatterings) resulting in large systematic uncertainties. A more detailed and careful neutrino-nucleus modeling, covering the whole experimental kinematical space, is inevitable in order to achieve the unprecedented precision goal of the present and future accelerator-based neutrino-oscillation experiments. In this talk, I will present a microscopic Hartree-Fock (HF) and continuum random phase approximation (CRPA) approach to electroweak scattering off nuclei from low energy (threshold) to the intermediate energy region. As a necessary check to test the reliability of this approach, I will first present a electron-nucleus (^12 C, ^16 O, ^40 Ca) cross section comparison (in the kinematics range of interest) with the data to validate the model. Then, I will present flux-folded (anti)neutrino cross section calculations and comparison with the measurements of MiniBooNE and T2K experiments. I will draw special attention to the contribution emerging from the low-energy nuclear excitations, at the most forward scattering bins, in the signal of MiniBooNE and T2K experiments and their impact on the non-trivial differences between muon-neutrino and electron-neutrino cross sections. These effects remain inaccessible in the (current) relativistic Fermi-gas (RFG) based Monte-Carlo generators.

  409. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Transport Functions from Fluid/Gravity Correspondence"

    Presented by Michael Lublinsky, Ben-Gurion University

    Friday, July 22, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Matthew Sievert

    Transport coefficients in two systems are addressed via holographic methods originating from the AdS/CFT. The first system is a neutral conformal fluid. In linearised hydrodynamics, beyond shear viscosity, all order gradient expansion can be efficiently resummed into two momenta-dependent transport coefficient functions. The second system is an e/m current coupled via chiral anomaly to an axial U(1) current. The anomaly-free all order transport coefficients are resummed into three momenta-dependent functions, the diffusion function and two conductivities. Anomaly-induced transport, resummed to all orders, generalises the chiral-magnetic effect (CME) and related phenomena. Novel, anomaly-induced non-linear effects will be presented too.

  410. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Results from the Search for eV-Sterile Neutrinos with IceCube"

    Presented by Dr. Carlos Arguelless Delgado, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Thursday, July 21, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole has measured the atmospheric muon neutrino spectrum as a function of zenith angle and energy. Using IceCube's full detector configuration we have performed a search for eV-scale sterile neutrinos. Such a sterile neutrino, motivated by the anomalies in short-baseline experiments, is expected to have a significant effect on the $\bar{\nu_\mu}$ survival probability due to matter induced resonant effects for energies of order 1 TeV. This effect makes this search unique and sensitive to small sterile mixings. In this talk, I will present the results of the IceCube sterile neutrino search.

  411. NSLS-II Friday Lunchtime Seminar Series

    "Effect of Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Silica Nano Particles on the Dynamics of Phospholipid Films, an XPCS Investigation"

    Presented by Luigi Cristofolini, University of Parma, Italy

    Friday, July 15, 2016, 12 pm
    NSLS-II Bldg 744 (LOB 4), room 156

    Hosted by: L. Carr, S. Chodankar and B. Ocko

  412. Particle Physics Seminar

    "MicroBooNE: marking a Nu era in Precision Neutrino Physics"

    Presented by Dr. Sowjanya Gollapinni, KSU

    Friday, July 15, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Jyoti Joshi

    The past few years have brought several remarkable neutrino-related discoveries and experimental anomalies indicating that these elusive particles might hold clues to some of the most profound questions in particle physics such as matter-antimatter asymmetry and the possibility of additional low-mass neutrino states. Further exploration of these clues require technological advances in neutrino detection. Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LArTPCs) are imaging detectors that present neutrino interactions with the detail of bubble chambers, but with an electronic data acquisition and processing. Various efforts are ongoing at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) to develop this intriguing technology. MicroBooNE is a 170 ton LArTPC which recently started collecting data with Fermilab's Booster Neutrino Beam. In addition to addressing the recent low-energy electromagnetic anomaly observed by the MiniBooNE experiment, the exceptional particle identification capability of MicroBooNE will make it possible for the first time to measure low-energy (~1 GeV) neutrino cross-sections in argon with high precision thereby providing invaluable inputs to develop nuclear models needed for future long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. MicroBooNE is also leading the way for an extensive short-baseline neutrino physics program at Fermilab and also serves as a R&D project towards a long-baseline multi-kiloton scale LArTPC detector. This talk will start by giving a brief overview of LArTPC efforts at Fermilab, followed by a description of the MicroBooNE experiment, its current status and first physics results along with some future projections.

  413. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Physics with Taus at ATLAS"

    Presented by Sarah Demers

    Thursday, July 14, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    Tau leptons are notoriously difficult particles to work with in the environment of a hadron collider due to their short lifetime and heavy enough mass for semi-hadronic decay. In this talk I will present the physics motivation for working with taus in spite of the challenges. And I will describe the work my group is involved with, from the first measurement of tau polarization at a hadron collider, to Higgs-tagging and searches for heavy, exotic particles. I will also describe the landscape for physics with taus at ATLAS as we look into Run2 and beyond.

  414. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "CME in Chiral Viscous Hydrodynamics"

    Presented by Shuzhe Shi, Indiana University

    Thursday, July 14, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Ohki

    Anomalous chiral transport processes, with the notable examples of Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) and Chiral Magnetic Wave (CMW), are remarkable phenomena that stem from highly nontrivial interplay of QCD chiral symmetry, axial anomaly, and gluonic topology. The heavy ion collisions, in which topological fluctuations generate chirality imbalance, and very strong magnetic fields $|\vec{\bf B}|\sim m_\pi^2$ are present during the early stage of such collisions, provide a unique environment to study these anomalous chiral transport processes. Significant experimental efforts have been made to look for signals of CME and various other signals of anomalous chiral transport effects in heavy ion collisions. Crucial for such efforts, is the theoretical development of quantitative simulations based on hydrodynamics that incorporates chiral anomaly, implements realistic initial conditions and properly accounts for possible backgrounds. We will introduce our recent progress to understand CME qualitatively, based on a 2+1D viscous hydrodynamics framework

  415. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Modeling chiral criticality and its consequences for heavy-ion collisions"

    Presented by Gabor Almasi, GSI

    Friday, July 8, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Matthew Sievert

    Fluctuations of conserved charges are important observables that offer insight into the phase structure of strongly interacting matter. Around critical points, such as the chiral critical endpoint of QCD, higher order cumulants of the relevant quantities show universal behavior. The universal behavior of baryon number cumulants can be studied in effective models that lie in the same universality class as QCD. Such a model is for example the Quark Meson model. In my talk I discuss what one can learn from effective field theory studies of fluctuations and present my results obtained using the Functional Renormalization Group method in the Quark Meson model.

  416. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark Matter in the Cosmos-The Hunt to find it in the Laboratory"

    Presented by John D. Vergados

    Thursday, July 7, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    Matter constitutes 30% of the energy content of the Universe. The remaining 70% is what is called dark energy, which exhibits unusual repulsive gravitational interactions. On the matter sheet, only 5% is of known nature, i.e. matter such as found in atoms, in stars, in planets etc. From observations on all astrophysical and cosmological scales we know that most of it, i.e. 25%, is dark matter (DM) of unknown nature. The nature of DM is one of the most important open problems in science. The ongoing hunt for DM is multi-pronged and interdisciplinary involving cosmology and astrophysics, particle and nuclear physics as well as detector technology. In this talk we will focus on the direct detection of the dark matter constituents, the so called weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), in underground labs. The detection consists of measuring the energy deposited in the detector by the recoiling nucleus, after its elastic collision with a WIMP (spin independent or spin induced). In obtaining the event rates one needs models about the WIMP interaction and density in our vicinity as well as its velocity distribution. No events have so far been observed, only exclusion plots on the nucleon cross sections have been obtained, which will be discussed. Since the expected rates are very small and the usual experimental signature is not different from that of the backgrounds, we will discuss some special signatures that might aid in the analysis of the experiments such as the time dependence of the signal (modulation effect) and the option of inelastic scattering, possible in some special targets, by detecting γ-rays following the de-excitation of the nucleus.

  417. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Kondo effect in QCD"

    Presented by Sho Ozaki, Keio University

    Thursday, June 30, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    In condensed matter physics, Kondo effect is known as an enhancement of electrical resistance of impure metals with decreasing temperature/energy. This phenomenon is the first known example of asymptotic freedom in physics, which is found well before the discovery of that of QCD. Kondo effect is caused by the combination of the following ingredients: In addition to the existence of a heavy impurity, (i) Fermi surface, (ii) quantum fluctuations (loop effects), (iii) non-Abelian nature of interaction (e.g. spin-flip interaction in the case of condensed matter physics). In this talk, I will discuss Kondo effect realized in QCD. We found the characteristic behavior of Kondo effect in quark matter with heavy quark impurity. There, the color exchange interaction mediated by gluons plays the role of the third condition (iii) for the appearance of Kondo effect. Furthermore, we found a novel type of Kondo effect induced by strong magnetic fields. In addition to the fact that the magnetic field dose not affect the color degrees of freedom, dimensional reduction to 1+1 dimensions and degenerate quarks in lowest Landau level play essential role for the magnetically induced QCD Kondo effect.

  418. Physics Colloquium

    "Solving the World's Problems on the Back of a Cocktail Napkin"

    Presented by Lawrence Weinstein, Old Dominion University

    Tuesday, June 28, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    Why don't we all drive electric cars? Does it really matter if you don't recycle that plastic water bottle? If the Sun were made of gerbils, would the Earth be incinerated? How can we answer these questions without relying on experts? This talk will cover the principles of estimating, introduce the "Goldilocks" categories of answers, and then look at some of the big (and small) questions of our time, including: Paper or plastic? Gasoline or electric cars? Should we pee before flying?

  419. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Two Photon Exchange and the Proton Form Factor Problem"

    Presented by Lawrence Weinstein, Old Dominion University

    Tuesday, June 28, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    The electromagnetic form factors of the proton as measured by polarized and unpolarized electron scattering experiments differ by up to a factor of three at large momentum transfer. Calculations show that this discrepancy can be reconciled by treating the interaction in 2nd Born Approximation, i.e., including two photon exchange (TPE). While calculation of TPE effects is highly model dependent, these effects can be measured directly by comparing elastic electron-proton and positron-proton scattering. Three experiments, TPE at Jefferson Lab, VEPP-3 at Novosibirsk, and OLYMPUS at DESY, measured this. VEPP-3 and OLYMPUS used alternating monochromatic e+ and e- beams in storage rings; TPE created a tertiary mixed simultaneous e+/e- beam covering a wide range of energies. This talk will present the proton form factor problem, the experimental effort to measure the positron-electron ratio (with special emphasis on the Jefferson Lab experiment), and the results.

  420. Nuclear/Riken Theory Committee

    "On Pressure Isotropization in Heavy-Ion Collisions"

    Presented by Bin Wu, The Ohio State University

    Friday, June 24, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    In this talk, I would like to start with a brief introduction to non-equilibrium quantum field theory in the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism. This formalism provides a systematic way to study isotropization and other time-dependent non-equilibrium (and equilibrium) phenomena in heavy-ion collisions. I shall first discuss the foundation of classical field approximations (CSA), which is an important tool to study the evolution at very early stages. It is, however, found to be non-renormalizable. This helps us understand better the applicability of such an approximation. it is now well-known that isotropization can not be established before the breakdown of the CSA. We then use another approximation, the quasi-particle approximation (the Boltzmann equation), to study the isotropization in a scalar field theory. Our result shows explicitly the importance of quantum effects. Motivated by these observations, we have been studying whether the isotropization can be reached before the dense system of gluons, produced in the collisions of two big nuclei, becomes too dilute to be studied perturbatively in the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism. Some preliminary results shall be reported.

  421. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Leading log resummation in high-energy parton production in QCD matter"

    Presented by Bin Wu, The Ohio State University

    Thursday, June 23, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

  422. Physics Colloquium

    "Sterile Neutrinos as the Origin of Dark and Baryonic Matter"

    Presented by Mikhail Shaposhnikov, EPFL

    Tuesday, June 21, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    I will discuss how three sterile neutrinos alone can simultaneously explain neutrino oscillations, the observed dark matter, and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe without new physics above the Fermi scale. The experimental prospects to search for these particles will be outlined.

  423. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "The Quest for the Origin of the Proton's Sea"

    Presented by Paul Reimer, Argonne National Lab

    Tuesday, June 21, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    The proton is a composite particle in which the binding force is responsible for the majority of its mass. To understand this structure, the distributions and origins of the quark-antiquark pairs produced by the strong force must be measured. The SeaQuest collaboration is using the Drell-Yan process to elucidate antiquark distributions in the proton and to study the modification of these distributions when the proton is held within a nucleus. Preliminary results based on a fraction of the anticipated final data set will be presented.

  424. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Lattice constraints on the thermal dilepton and photon rate"

    Presented by Olaf Kaczmarek, Bielefeld University

    Friday, June 17, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    We estimate the dilepton and photon production rate from an SU(3) plasma at temperatures of about 1.1 Tc to 1.5 Tc. Lattice results for the vector current correlator at zero and non-zero momenta are extrapolated to the continuum limit and analyzed with the help of phenomenological and perturbative input for the corresponding spectral functions. We compare our results with NLO weak-coupling results, hydrodynamics, and a holographic model. At vanishing invariant mass we extract the photon rate which for k>3T is found to be close to the NLO weak-coupling prediction. For k

  425. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Static and dynamic screening effect on the resonant $\alpha-\alpha$ scattering in a QED plasma"

    Presented by Xiaojun Yao, Duke University

    Thursday, June 16, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-84

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

  426. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "High-Resolution Photography of Clouds from the Surface: Retrieval of Cloud Optical Depth down to Centimeter Scales"

    Presented by Stephen Schwartz, Environmental and Climate Sciences Department

    Thursday, June 16, 2016, 11 am
    Conference Room, Bldg 815E

    Initial results are presented of a analysis of high resolution photographs of clouds at the ARM SGP site in July, 2015. A commercially available camera having 35-mm equivalent focal length up to 1200 mm (nominal resolution as fine as 6 µrad, which corresponds to 12 mm for cloud height 2 km) is used to obtain a measure of zenith radiance of a 40 m x 40 m domain as a two-dimensional image consisting of 3456 x 3456 pixels (12 million pixels). Downwelling zenith radiance varies substantially within single images and between successive images obtained at 4-s intervals. Variation in zenith radiance found on scales down to about 10 cm is attributed to variation in cloud optical depth (COD). Attention here is directed primarily to optically thin clouds, COD less than roughly 3. A radiation transfer model used to relate downwelling zenith radiance to COD and to relate the counts in the camera image to zenith radiance, permits determination of COD and cloud albedo on a pixel-by-pixel basis. COD for thin clouds determined in this way exhibits considerable variation, for example, an order of magnitude within the 40 m domain examined here and 50% over a distance of 1 m. An alternative to the widely used areal or temporal cloud fraction, denoted radiative cloud fraction, also evaluated on a pixel-by-pixel basis, is introduced. This highly data-intensive approach, which examines cloud structure on scales 3 to 5 orders of magnitude finer than satellite products, opens new avenues for examination of cloud structure and evolution.

  427. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    ""Design Considerations for the 1.3GHz SRF Cavity for ARIEL at TRIUMF""

    Presented by Dr. Philipp Kolb, BNL

    Wednesday, June 15, 2016, 4 pm
    Bldg. 911B - Large Conf. Rm. Rm A202

    "The Advanced Rare IsotopE Laboratory (ARIEL) at TRIUMF will triple the available rare isotope beam (RIB) time for experiments. The major part of ARIEL is the 50 MeV, high intensity cw eLINAC based on 1.3GHz SRF cavities. An eventual addition to the eLINAC is a recirculating beam line to allow FEL-ERL operation in addition to the RIB production beam. To avoid multipass beam break-up (BBU), the design of the SRF cavity had to be modified to reduce the shunt impedance of dipole higher order modes (HOM). Work on the cavity design and HOM load measurements will be shown as well as results of the vertical and horizontal cavity tests."

  428. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Quantiative Determination of the the Fluctuations Leading to Superconductivity in Cuprates"

    Presented by Chandra Varma, University of California, Riverside

    Tuesday, June 14, 2016, 1:30 pm
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    I will report on Laser based ARPES of unprecedented accuracy and stability (taken by the group of Xingjiang Zhou, IOP, Beijing), together with a method of analysis suggested by me (and carried out with the group of Han-Yong Choi, Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Korea), to quantitatively extract the e↵ective frequency and momentum dependent interactions of fermions in both the full symmetry (normal) and the d-wave (pairing) symmetry in a family of cuprates. The results are remarkably simple. The principal interactions are of the form: I(k, k',w)~g0 [(1−cos(20k)cos(20'k)]F(w) They are separable functions of momentum and frequency, the first part is the repulsive part and the second part is the attractive d-wave part. F(w) is nearly constant with an upper-energy cutoff of about 0.4eV. The dimensionless coupling constant g0 ~ 0.15. These results were predicted in a theory of superconductivity and of the strange metal phase by quantum-critical fluctuation of loop-currents. They also rule out several alternatives proposed. I will also comment on the normal state and superconductivity in the Fe-based compounds.

  429. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Measurement of high-mass muon pairs from ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC"

    Presented by Peter Steinberg, BNL

    Tuesday, June 14, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Exclusive dimuon pairs with invariant mass Mμμ>10 GeV have been measured in ultra-peripheral lead-lead collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV, using an integrated luminosity of 515 μb−1 taken with the ATLAS detector at the LHC in 2015. These very low-multiplicity interactions were recorded using an experimental trigger requiring a muon, low total transverse energy recorded in the calorimeter system, gaps at forward angles, and a reconstructed track. Events are selected to have no-other final state particles than a pair of opposite-sign dimuons. The cross section for dimuon pairs in Pb+Pb collisions is presented as a function of pair mass (Mμμ) and pair rapidity (Yμμ) and is well-described by calculations of Pb+Pb→Pb(*)+Pb(*)+μ+μ− using STARLIGHT 1.1 calculations. These data will improve the understanding of the strong electromagnetic fields surrounding the nucleus, which enable future UPC measurements utilizing these high energy probes.

  430. Nuclear Seminar

    "Generalizations of relativistic hydrodynamics"

    Presented by Piotr Surowka, Harvard

    Friday, June 3, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Yi Yin

    Recent developments have shown that relativistic Landau and Lifshitz hydrodynamics does not possess the most general structure. It has to generalized to account for new phenomena. I will show how to do that in two directions. One will include parity-odd transport contributions connected to anomalies, the other will capture a dissipative fluid coupled to non-Abelian degrees of freedom such as color currents or spin currents. I will mention possible applications to quark-gluon plasma and condensed matter systems.

  431. Nuclear Seminar

    "Global Hyperon Polarization in Semicentral Heavy Ion Collisions Measured by STAR"

    Presented by Mike Lisa, Ohio State University

    Tuesday, May 31, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Non-central collisions between ultra-relativistic heavy ions involve thousands of h-bar of angular momentum. Some of this angular momentum may be transferred to the quark-gluon plasma through shear forces that generate a vortical substructure in the hydrodynamic flow field. Understanding this fundamental femtoscopic substructure may be crucial, as we move beyond boost-invariant scenarios and rely more on sophisticated three-dimensional viscous models of the plasma. The vortical nature of the system is expected to polarize the spins of hadrons that eventually emerge. Lambda and Anti-Lambda hyperons, which reveal their polarization through their decay topology, should be polarized similarly in the direction of the system's angular momentum. These same collisions are also characterized by dynamic magnetic fields with magnitude as large as 10^{14} Tesla. Magnetic effects have been the focus of intense study in recent years due to their relevance to the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) and other novel phenomena. A splitting between Lambda and Anti-Lambda polarization may signal a magnetic coupling and provide a quantitative estimate of the field strength at freeze out. Physically, this strength depends on the conductivity of the QGP. The STAR Collaboration has made the first observation of global hyperon polarization along the direction of the angular momentum in non-central Au+Au collisions at Beam Energy Scan energies. Our preliminary results indicate that the QGP created at RHIC is the highest-vorticity fluid ever created in the laboratory. A magnetic splitting is hinted at, but the improved statistics and resolution achievable with future runs are required to make a definitive measurement of the magnetic field.

  432. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searching for Sterile Neutrinos with MINOS"

    Presented by Ashley Timmons, University of Manchester

    Thursday, May 26, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

  433. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Lefschetz-thimble path integral for studying the sign problem and Silver Blaze phenomenon"

    Presented by Yuya Tanizaki, RBRC

    Thursday, May 26, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Ohki

    Recently, Picard-Lefschetz theory gets much attention in the context of the sign problem, because it enables us to study the system with the complex classical action nonperturbatively by employing the semiclassical analysis. In this seminar, after its brief introduction, I will apply it to the one-site Hubbard model. This model has a severe sign problem, which looks quite similar to that of the finite-density QCD at low temperatures. By solving this model using the Lefschetz-thimble path integral, we are trying to understand the structure of the sign problem of finite-density QCD. Especially, I give a qualitative picture (or speculation) about the early-onset problem of the baryon number density, called the baryon Silver Blaze problem. The complex Langevin method will also be discussed if time allows.

  434. High Performance Computing and Programming Event

    "OpenACC and GPU Hands-on workshop"

    Presented by Presented by NVIDIA instructor Bob Crovella

    Wednesday, May 25, 2016, 8:30 am
    Stony Brook University

    NVIDIA and the Institute for Advanced Computational Science (IACS) at Stony Brook University are pleased to be organizing a 2-day High Performance Computing and Programming event. Presented by NVIDIA instructor Bob Crovella, the workshop will introduce programming techniques using OpenACC and will include topics such as optimization and profiling methods for GPU programming.

  435. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Exploring the Neutron Spin Structure"

    Presented by Matt Posik, Temple University

    Tuesday, May 24, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Jefferson Lab experiment E06-014, performed in Hall A, made measurements of the double-spin asymmetries and absolute cross sections in both the DIS and resonance regions by scattering longitudinally polarized electrons at beam energies of 4.74 and 5.89 GeV from a longitudinally and transversely polarized 3He target. Through these measurements various aspects of the neutron spin structure were investigated. The g2 nucleon spin-dependent structure function contains information beyond the simple parton model description of the nucleon. It provides insight into quark-gluon correlations and a path to access the confining local color force a struck quark experiences just as it is hit by the virtual photon due to the remnant di-quark. The quantity d2, a measure of this local color force, has its information encoded in an x2 weighted integral of a linear combination of spin structure functions g1 and g2 and thus is dominated by the valence-quark region at large momentum fraction x. To date, theoretical calculations and experimental measurements of the neutron d2 differ by about two standard deviations. Therefore E06-014 made a precision measurement of this quantity. The polarized quark distributions were also investigated through measurements of the virtual photon-nucleon asymmetry A1^n, the structure function ratio g1/F1, and quark ratio (delta d+delta d_bar)/(d+d_bar). The E06-014 results for the spin structure functions (g1,g2) on 3He, dn2, An1, (delta d+delta d_bar)/(d+d_bar), and our extractions of the neutron color electric and magnetic forces will be presented.

  436. High Performance Computing and Programming

    "OpenACC and GPU Hands-on workshop"

    Presented by Presented by NVIDIA instructor Bob Crovella

    Tuesday, May 24, 2016, 8:30 am
    Stony Brook University

    NVIDIA and the Institute for Advanced Computational Science (IACS) at Stony Brook University are pleased to be organizing a 2-day High Performance Computing and Programming event. Presented by NVIDIA instructor Bob Crovella, the workshop will introduce programming techniques using OpenACC and will include topics such as optimization and profiling methods for GPU programming.

  437. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "The jet quenching parameter q-hat, and its relation to the TMDPDF"

    Presented by Abhijit Majumdar, Wayne State University

    Friday, May 20, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Based on prior work by the JET collaboration, the importance of the factorization and scale evolution of the jet quenching parameter q-hat will be outlined. This will turn out to be important for both phenomenological extractions of q-hat as well as for first principle determinations on the lattice. I will argue that for jets at RHIC and LHC, q-hat does not lie within the range of Bjoerken-x where small x effects would be considered to be dominant. Given this situation, q-hat will be found to be an integral over an operator product separated in both light-cone and transverse distance, but somewhat different from a ``traditional'' TMDPDF. This new distribution will be studied at Next-to-Leading Order and the fate of non-standard divergences discussed.

  438. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Searches for New Physics in boosted diboson topologies at ATLAS"

    Presented by Carmacho Toro, University of Chicago

    Thursday, May 19, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    The large increase in collision energy that the LHC reached in Run 2 provides an unprecedented opportunity to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model (SM). Various extensions of the SM predict the existence of heavy resonances at the TeV scale, which couple predominantly to the Higgs and electroweak gauge bosons. At high resonance masses the hadronic decay products of these energetic bosons tend to be highly collimated and the usual identification techniques fail to disentangle the decay products of our bosons. In this seminar I will describe the jet-substructure techniques explored by ATLAS analyses and present the results of the ATLAS searches using Run-2 data.

  439. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and chiral rotation in external electromagnetic field"

    Presented by Gaoqing Cao, Fudan University

    Thursday, May 19, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    In 2+1 dimensional system, the most important phase transition should be of the Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) type. We determined the KT transition temperature T_KT as well as the mass melting temperature T^* as a function of the magnetic field. It is found that the pseudogap domain T_KT < T < T^* is enlarged with increasing strength of the magnetic field. The influence of a chiral imbalanceμ_5 was also studied. We found that even a constant axial chemical potential μ_5 can lead to inverse magnetic catalysis of the KT transition temperature in 2+1 dimensions. This is actually the de Haas—van Alphen oscillation. Furthermore, we studied the QCD vacuum structure under the influence of an electromagnetic field with a nonzero second Lorentz invariant I_2=E·B. We showed that the presence of I_2 can induce neutral pion (π_0) condensation in the QCD vacuum through the electromagnetic triangle anomaly. Within the frameworks of chiral perturbation theory at leading small-momenta expansion as well as the Nambu—Jona-Lasinio model at leading 1/Nc expansion, a universal dependence of the π_0 condensate on I_2 was found. The stability of the π_0-condensed vacuum is also discussed.

  440. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Higgs Pair Production in Extensions of the Standard Model"

    Presented by Ramona Groeber, Roma Tre

    Wednesday, May 18, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Pier Paolo Giardino

    Higgs pair production is not only interesting as a probe of the trilinear Higgs self-coupling, but beyond the Standard Model physics can influence the Higgs pair production cross section in many different ways, for example by new couplings, new loop particles or new resonances. In this talk, I will address the question whether we could see for the first time deviations from the Standard Model in Higgs pair production assuming that no deviations were seen before. Furthermore, for certain models I will show how higher order corrections influence the cross section.

  441. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Equilibrium States and Dynamics of Spin Assemblies in Magnetic Thin Films, Heterostructures and Nanostructured Entities"

    Presented by Ramesh B. Budhani, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

    Tuesday, May 17, 2016, 11 am
    Building 480, Conference Room

    Hosted by: Lijun Wu

    The orientation of spin assemblies in ferromagnetic thin films and nanostructures can take a variety of shapes depending on the relative strength of factors contributing to their magnetic free energy. These factors are derived from the direct quantum mechanical exchange between the electronic spins or those mediated by impurities, and those associated with the size, shape, crystallographic structure, strain, dipolar interactions and external fields. Here we present three cases where the orientational dynamics has been studied as functions of temperature, magnetic field strength and the elapsed time after acquiring a particular configuration. These studies are based on magnetic force microscopy and bulk magnetometry measurements on strain epitaxial films of La0.67Ca0.33MnO3, and lithographically patterned submicron size ring assemblies of permalloy and Co/Pd multilayers, which also form artificial spin ices. Towards the end of this lecture we will discuss interface driven magnetic and electronic phenomena in magnetic thin films.

  442. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Dirac Materials"

    Presented by Alexander Balatsky, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Monday, May 16, 2016, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734, Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    Discoveries of superfluid phases in 3He, high Tc superconductors, graphene and topological insulators have brought into focus materials where quasiparticles are described by same Dirac equation that governs behavior of relativistic particles. I will discuss how this class of materials, called Dirac materials, exhibits unusual universal features seen in numerous realizations: Klein tunneling, chiral symmetries and impurity resonances. Goal of this talk is to explore these similarities and discuss the unique role of symmetries that protect Dirac spectrum and possible routes to generate gaps due to many body instabilities. We will also discuss ongoing investigation of the symmetries of Dirac materials, quantum imaging, and means to control their properties. At the end we will propose to use modern tools to design artificial Dirac Materials. One example would be the design Bosonic Dirac materials that host bosonic Dirac excitations, something that would not be possible in particle physics.

  443. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Evolution of the jet opening angle distribution in holographic plasma"

    Presented by Andrei Sadofyev, MIT

    Friday, May 13, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Energetic jets are particularly interesting probes of QGP created in heavy ion collisions. Recently a lot of progress was made in attempting to describe the jet evolution in holography. In this talk I'll present an application of a simple dual model to study the jet substructure starting with energy and angle distributions from pQCD. In particular I will show that there are two competing effects: (1) each individual jet widens as it propagates through plasma; (2) the final jet opening angle distribution becomes narrower since wider jets lose more energy and less likely to survive. So, the mean opening angle for jets with a given energy can easily shift toward smaller angles, even while every jet in the ensemble broadens.

  444. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Muon antineutrino oscillations at T2K"

    Presented by Jordan Myslik, University of Victoria

    Thursday, May 12, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The T2K ("Tokai to Kamioka") experiment is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment in Japan. A beam of muon neutrinos or muon antineutrinos is produced at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) in Tokai. The unoscillated neutrino flux is measured by the near detector complex 280 m from the proton target, and the oscillated neutrino flux is measured by the far detector, Super-Kamiokande, 295 km away. Using a beam of muon neutrinos, T2K has performed precise measurements of muon neutrino disappearance, and discovered muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillation by measuring electron neutrino appearance. Since the summer of 2014, T2K has been taking data using a beam of muon antineutrinos, and has released the results of both a muon antineutrino disappearance analysis and an electron antineutrino appearance analysis, both using antineutrino beam data up to the summer of 2015. This talk will discuss these analyses, going into detail about the role played by the near detector, and looking at future directions.

  445. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "The Functional Renormalization Group Method and Delayed Magnetic Catalysis"

    Presented by Stefan Rechenberger, University of Darmstadt

    Thursday, May 12, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    This talk will start with a very general introduction to the Functional Renormalization Group method, a powerful non-perturbative tool which can be applied to various problems. The second part of the talk will demonstrate this by discussing the influence of an external magnetic field on the chiral phase transition in the theory of strong interaction. The Functional Renormalization Group analysis shows that, driven by gluon dynamics, the chiral critical temperature decreases for small values of the magnetic field. For large values of the external field, however, the phase transition temperature increases.

  446. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Axions and Topology"

    Presented by Simon Mages, Forschungszentrum Juelich

    Wednesday, May 11, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Tomomi Ishikawa

    This talk will be centered around the calculation of the high temperature topological susceptibility in QCD. It will provide some background on our motivation from cosmology and particle physics, which is the dependence of axion physics on non-perturbative QCD. I will show our recent results on the quenched high temperature topological susceptibility and discuss difficulties with this conventional approach, which render dynamical studies unfeasible. I will also present our new approach based on formulating QCD on a non-orientable manifold, which is a promising candidate to solve issues related to topological freezing and the divergence of autocorrelations when approaching the continuum limit.

  447. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN seminar

    "Fluid dynamics for the anisotropically expanding quark-gluon plasma"

    Presented by Dennis Bazow, The Ohio State University

    Friday, May 6, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Local momentum anisotropies become large in the early stages of the quark-gluon plasma created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, due to the extreme difference in the longitudinal and transverse expansion rates. In such situations, fluid dynamics derived from an expansion around an isotropic local equilibrium state is bound to break down. Instead, we subsume the slowest nonhydrodynamic degree of freedom (associated with the deviation from momentum isotropy) at leading order defining a local anisoptropic quasi-equilibrium state, thereby treating the longitudinal/transverse pressure anisotropy nonperturbatively. Perturbative transport equations are then derived to deal with the remaining residual momentum anisotropies creating a complete transient effective theory called viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics. This approach has been shown to dramatically outperform viscous hydrodynamics in several simplified situations for which exact solutions exits but which share with realistic expansion scenarios the problem of large dissipative currents. We will discuss the present status of applying viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics to the phenomenological description of the quark-gluon plasma in realistic expansion scenarios.

  448. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Probing the Nature of Neutrinos with Double Beta Decay"

    Presented by Liang Yang, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

    Thursday, May 5, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Understanding fundamental properties of neutrinos is of compelling interest to the nuclear and particle physics community. The discovery of neutrino oscillations is one of our first hints of physics beyond the Standard Model. Searching for neutrinoless double decay can provide key insights into the neutrino mass generation mechanism and put stringent constraints on the absolute neutrino mass scale. Such a rare decay, if exists, would signify the Majorana nature of neutrinos and the non-conservation of lepton number. In the past decade, large ultra-low background liquid xenon detectors have emerged as a promising technology that can push the neutrinoless double beta decay search to unprecedented sensitivity. In this talk I will describe recent results and prospects of current generation experiment EXO-200, as well as the R&D program for future tonne scale detector nEXO.

  449. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Vorticity in heavy-ion collisions and cold atoms"

    Presented by Xu-Guang Huang, Fudan University

    Thursday, May 5, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    Vorticity describes the local rotation of the fluid. I will talk about our recent study of the event-by-event generation of flow vorticity in heavy-ion collisions. Several special properties of the vorticity in heavy-ion collisions will be discussed, e.g., the impact parameter dependence, the collision energy dependence, the spatial distribution, the event-by-event fluctuation of the magnitude and azimuthal direction. Vorticity can drive vector and axial current in chiral quark-gluon plasma via the chiral vortical effect. I will discuss the collective gapless mode, the chiral vortical wave, emerging from CVE and its experimental implications in heavy-ion collisions. Finally, I will consider the rotating trapped cold atomic gases and show that when there is a Weyl spin-orbit coupling such cold atomic gases provide a desktop simulator of the chiral magnetic effect and chiral separation effect.

  450. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Calculating TMDs and DPDs on the lattice"

    Presented by Andreas Schaefer, University of Regensburg

    Wednesday, May 4, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Tomomi Ishikawa

  451. Physics Colloquium

    "eRHIC Machine Design"

    Presented by Thomas Roser, BNL

    Tuesday, May 3, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    With the addition of a 20 GeV polarized electron accelerator to the existing Brookhaven Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the world?s only high energy heavy ion and polarized proton collider, a future eRHIC facility will be able to produce polarized electron-nucleon collisions at center-of-mass energies of up to 145 GeV and cover the whole science case as outlined in the Electron-Ion Collider White Paper and endorsed by the 2015 Nuclear Physics Long Range Plan with high luminosity. The presentation will describe the eRHIC design concepts and recent efforts to reduce the technical risks of the project.

  452. High Tc Superconductor Seminar

    "Cooper-like paring and energy gap induced by ion electronic polarizability"

    Presented by Yizhak Yacoby, Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Israel

    Monday, May 2, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conference Room 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Ron Pindak and Ivan Bozovic

    We propose a model of Cooper-like pairing induced by the large ion polarizabilities of O2- in Bismutates and Cuprates and As3- and Se2- in the iron pnictides*. We show that the electrical potential field induced by a charge carrier contains in its vicinity pockets of negative potential causing charge carriers to attract each other. Using this model we calculate the approximate pairing and gap energies showing they are compatible with the gap energies measured in high-Tc superconductors. Furthermore we show that the isotope effect, coherence length, and the gap energy dependence on doping are consistent with those observed in high-Tc systems. * Work done in collaboration with Yakov Girshberg

  453. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Going with the flow: sign problem, Lefschetz thimbles and beyond"

    Presented by Gokce Basar, University of Maryland

    Friday, April 29, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Monte Carlo method, a robust way of studying field theories and many body systems, suffers from the sign problem when the action is complex. This includes an important set of problems such as most field theories, including QCD, and strong correlated electronic systems at finite density, as well as computation of real time quantities like transport coefficients. I will show that lifting the path integration to a complex manifold provides a way to ameliorate the sign problem, and introduce a new algorithm for carrying on such a computation. I will give some quantum mechanical examples with severe sign problems, including finite density of fermions and real time observables where Monte Carlo simulations can be profitably performed by this method. Finally I will discuss the 3+1d Bose gas with nonzero chemical potential.

  454. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Higgs' invisible branching fraction at the LHC"

    Presented by Tae Min Hong, University of Pennsylvania

    Thursday, April 28, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    Does the Higgs have a large invisible branching fraction? Two approaches are presented. The first is an indirect constraint of the invisible branching fraction using precision Higgs couplings measurements. The second is a direct search of invisible decays. In particular, I will discuss in detail two of ATLAS's results: the H -> WW in VBF, which is one of the strongest inputs for the couplings and the evidence for VBF Higgs production, and the H -> invisible in VBF, which gives the strongest direct limit. Comparisons with CMS's results are made.

  455. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Solving QCD2"

    Presented by Alexei Tsvelik, BNL

    Thursday, April 28, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    We study a (1+1)-dimensional version of the famous Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD2) both at zero and finite chemical potential. We use non- perturbative techniques (non-Abelian bosonization and Truncated Conformal Space Approach). At zero chemical potential we describe a formation of fermion three-quark (nucleons and ?-baryons) and boson (two-quark mesons, six-quark deuterons) bound states and also a formation of a topo- logically nontrivial phase. When the chemical potential exceeds the critical value, the model has a rich phase diagram which includes phases with density wave and superfluid quasi-long-range (QLR) order and also a phase of a baryon Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (strange metal). The QLR order results as a condensation of scalar mesons (the density wave) or six-quark bound states (deuterons).

  456. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Heavy Higgs Resonance Dip"

    Presented by Sunghoon Jung, SLAC

    Wednesday, April 27, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Cen Zhang

    We discuss overlooked resonance shapes of heavy Higgs bosons that arise from the resonance-continuum interference with a complex phase. They include pure resonance dips and nothingness. We derive conditions under which they are produced and we modify narrow width approximation suitable for them. We then discuss how MSSM heavy Higgs searches at the LHC can be challenged and changed.

  457. Physics Colloquium

    "Neutrino Physics and Mass from Cosmology"

    Presented by Marilena Loverde, Stony Brook University

    Tuesday, April 26, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    Cosmic background neutrinos are nearly as abundant as cosmic microwave background photons, but their mass, which determines the strength of their gravitational clustering, is unknown. Neutrino oscillation data gives a strict lower limit on neutrino mass, while cosmological datasets provide the most stringent upper limit. Even if the neutrino masses are the minimum required by oscillation data, their gravitational effects on structure formation will nevertheless be detectable in — and in fact required to explain — data within the next decade. I will discuss the physical effects of the cosmic neutrino background on structure formation and present a new signature that may be used to measure neutrino mass with large galaxy surveys.

  458. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Disordered water phases from ambient to ultrahigh pressure"

    Presented by Roberto Car, Princeton University

    Tuesday, April 26, 2016, 11 am
    CFN, Bldg. 735, 2nd Fl. Seminar Room

    Hosted by: Deyu Lu

    Center for Functional Nanomaterials Special Seminar Disordered water phases from ambient to ultrahigh pressure Roberto Car Princeton University Tuesday, April 26, 2016 11:00 a.m. CFN, Bldg. 735, 2nd floor Seminar Room The unusual properties of water, including the thermodynamic anomalies of the liquid, the existence of more than one amorphous ice form, and the abnormal mobilities of the water ions, derive from the tetrahedral network of hydrogen bonds that hold the molecules together. Under applied pressure the topology of the network changes but local tetrahedrality is preserved as the system explores a variety of different phases until at extreme pressure the molecules dissociate into ions and the hydrogen bonds collapse. Modern ab-initio simulations provide a unifying picture of these processes. In this talk, I will review recent progress in these studies stressing connections between theory, simulation, and experiment. Bio Roberto Car of Princeton University is Ralph W. Dornte professor for chemistry with a simultaneous appointment at the Material Sciences Institute of the university. He is a professor in the Theory Department, of the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society. His research focus is theory and numerical simulation (classical and quantum) of condensed and molecular systems. He studied physics and attained a doctorate in 1971 in nuclear technology at the Politecnico di Milano. After being professor for physics at SISSA in Trieste (1984-1991), and at University of Geneva (1991-1999) he joined Princeton University in 1999. In 2007, a birthday symposium was held at ICTP. He received the Aneesur Rahman prize in computational physics. The Aneesur Rahman Prize is the highest honor given by the American Physical Society for work in computational physics.

  459. C-AD Accelerator Physics Seminar

    Presented by Malek Haj Tahar, BNL

    Friday, April 22, 2016, 4 pm
    Large Conference Room, Bldg. 911B, Rm. A202

    "The problem of nuclear waste continues to raise lots of concerns of whether the nuclear power should continue when the issue of how to deal with its waste has not yet been resolved. After reviewing the history of the nuclear waste problem in the United States of America and other countries, the question of how to remediate this problem is tackled and several options discussed. The focus is on the Accelerator Driven System option, a hybrid technique combining a particle accelerator with a subcritical core. The scope includes technical considerations from the proton accelerator and up to the reactor core."

  460. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN seminar

    "A higher spin theory of neutral excitations of fractional quantum Hall fluids"

    Presented by Dam T. Son, University of Chicago

    Friday, April 22, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

  461. Particle Physics Seminar

    "New constraints on cosmic inflation from the Keck Array"

    Presented by Chris Sheehy, University of Chicago

    Thursday, April 21, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Anze Slosar

    The Keck Array, part of the BICEP/Keck program of small aperture cosmic microwave background (CMB) telescopes, is currently taking data at the South Pole in Antarctica. The goal of the BICEP/Keck program is to detect the B-mode pattern in the CMB's polarized anisotropy that would be a signature of cosmic inflation, or, barring a detection, to set upper limits that rule out some of the most favored theoretical scenarios. Previous results from BICEP2 and the Keck Array that detected B-modes at high significance consisted of data taken only at 150 GHz, and which could therefore not conclusively distinguish between a cosmological vs. galactic origin for the signal. A subsequent joint analysis with the Planck satellite collaboration that invoked their comparatively noisy but multifrequency maps revealed a large component of the signal to be from polarized thermal emission of galactic dust. In this talk, I will present the results from the first year of observations with Keck's new 95 GHz receivers. These results set the most stringent limits on cosmic inflation to date and mark the point at which CMB polarization now constrains inflation better than any other data set.

  462. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Color fluctuation phenomena in high energy hadron & photon-A collisions"

    Presented by Mark Strikman, Penn State University

    Thursday, April 21, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    Compositeness of the bound states and the Lorentz slowing down of high energy interactions in QED and QCD lead to emergence of new coherent phenomena. We focus on the phenomena related to the fluctuations of the strength of interaction (color fluctuations phenomena). First we consider gross violations of the Glauber model for centrality dependence of production of the leading jets in pA scattering predicted earlier within QCD and recent evidence for this phenomenon from the studies of hard pA collisions at the LHC and dAu collisions at RHIC. Color fluctuations also explain a large suppression of the cross section of coherent vector meson photoproduction as compared to the Glauber model observed recently in the ultraperipheral collisions at LHC. We outline perspectives of future studies of the color fluctuation phenomenon in ultraperipheral heavy ion collisions at the LHC and electron - nucleus colliders.

  463. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Improved Tandem Measurement Techniques for Gas Phase Nanoparticle Analysis"

    Presented by Vivek Rawat, University of Minnesota

    Wednesday, April 20, 2016, 11 am
    Conference Room, Bldg 815E

    Hosted by: Jian Wang

    Non-spherical, chemically inhomogeneous nanoparticles are encountered in a number of natural and engineered environments, including combustion systems, reactors used in gas-phase materials synthesis, and in ambient air. To better characterize these complex nanoparticles, tandem measurement techniques are well suited, in which analytes are characterized by two orthogonal properties (e.g. size and mass). Tandem measurement techniques have been applied in a number of situations; however, there are still a considerable number of fundamental developments needed to advance these approaches. Specifically, new instrument combinations (with existing instruments) and appropriate data inversion routines need to be developed to determine combined two-dimensional mass-size distribution functions, pure mass distribution and for mobility-mass analysis for sub 2-nm clusters (ions). With this motivation, we first develop and apply a data inversion routine to determine the number based size-mass distribution function (two dimensional distribution) from tandem differential mobility analyzer-aerosol particle mass analyzer (DMA-APM) measurements, while correcting for multiple charging, instrument transfer functions and other system efficiencies. This two dimensional distribution can be used to calculate the number based size distribution or the mass based size distribution. We employ this technique to analyze various spherical and non-spherical nanoparticles and examine the validity of this approach by comparing the calculated size distribution functions and mass concentrations with direct measurements of these quantities. In a second study, we utilize a transversal modulation ion mobility spectrometer (TMIMS) coupled with a mass spectrometer (MS) to study vapor dopant induced mobility shifts of sub 2 nm ion clusters. Isopropanol vapor is introduced into the TMIMS, shifting the mobilities of ions to varying extents depending on ion surface chemistry, which provides an improved separa

  464. Physics Colloquium

    "The nature of the composite fermion in quantum Hall liquids"

    Presented by Dam Thanh Son, University of Chicago

    Tuesday, April 19, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    The quantum Hall liquids are some of the most nontrivial strongly interacting states of matter. Experiments have established the existence of the composite fermion as an effective degree of freedom of quantum Hall systems near half filling. A long-standing problem of existing theories of the composite fermion is the lack of particle-hole symmetry of the lowest Landau level. I will describe how the particle-hole symmetry took a central role in recent theoretical discussions of the fractional quantum Hall effect; in particular, how a recent synthesis, motivated by the physics of graphene and topological insulators, has lead to a new understanding of the low-energy quasiparticle of the half-filled Landau level. According to the new picture, the composite fermion is a Dirac particle, with a gauge but non-Chern-Simons interaction. Distinctive consequences of the new proposal are outlined.

  465. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN seminar

    "Vorticular fluid and Lambda Polarization in High-energy Heavy-ion Collisions"

    Presented by Xin-Nian Wang, LBNL/CCNU

    Friday, April 15, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    The strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma created in high-energy heavy-ion collisions has rich vortical structures that are caused by global total orbital angular momentum and transverse evolution of longitudinal flow. Fermions (quarks in sQGP phase and baryons in the hadronic phase) in such a vorticular fluid are naturally polarized due to spin-orbital. I will discuss both local and global quark polarization and how one can use the lambda polarization in the final state to study the vortical structure and constrain the transport properties of sQGP.

  466. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Nuclear reactor antineutrinos, hard to detect but with a traceable lineage."

    Presented by Alejandro Sonzogni, BNL

    Thursday, April 14, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    The antineutrino spectrum from nuclear reactors can be calculated using the so-called "summation method", which requires precise knowledge of the fission yield and decay properties of the about 1000 radionuclides produced in a reactor following the fission of the actinide fuel. Alternatively, the antineutrino spectra can also be calculated using the "conversion method", which relies on precisely measured electron spectra. We have recently updated both decay and fission data that enabled us to a) identify the nuclides that contributes the most at different energy regions, b) derive a systematic of the IBD cross section integrated spectra as function of Z and A, similar to that of beta-delayed neutrons, c) asses if an excess of antineutrinos observed at around 5.5 MeV can be discerned using nuclear data.

  467. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "Sub-50 fs Photophysics and Photochemistry of Transition Metal Complexes and Polyhalomethanes"

    Presented by Sergey Mikhailovich Matveev, Bowling Green State University

    Monday, April 11, 2016, 1:30 pm
    CFN, Bldg. 735, 1st floor conf. rm. A

    Hosted by: Mircea Cotlet

    Lowest energy electronic excited states (LEES) in transition metal complexes are the states most relevant for practical photophysical and photochemical processes. We investigated relaxation dynamic of two systems – copper chloride dianion with strong Jahn-Teller effect and hexabromoiridate dianion with spin-spin coupling, utilizing 2000 nm near-IR femtosecond (100 fs) pump-probe spectroscopy. In both systems, the Franc- Condon excited states of the transition metal complexes undergo internal conversion to the ground electronic states, but with significantly different lifetimes (55 fs and 360 ps, respectively), despite the fact that the metal-centered states are separated by the same energy gap (~5000 wavenumbers) from the respective ground state. This difference is explained by presence of a conical intersection between the first excited electronic and the ground states in the Cu(II) system due to strong Jahn-Teller linear distortion whereas the involved potential energy surfaces for the Ir(IV) complex are nested directly one above another. Another project under consideration is the ultrafast mechanisms of polyhalomethanes on the example of diiodomethane. This molecule has a tractable number of degrees of freedom, and, therefore, has served in literature as a model system for bond dissociation processes in both gas and condensed phases. In this work we implemented the state-of-the-art ultrafast (~35 fs) transient absorption experiment (supported by the most accurate multireference quantum chemical methods) to understand the UV photodissociation mechanism of methylene iodide molecules. We discovered previously unsuspected photochemical pathway in the UV photochemistry of methylene iodide, in which electronically excited molecules, rather than simply dissociate, undergo direct ~50-fs isomerization through a conical intersection into isomeric species. Host: Mircea Cotlet

  468. HET/PARTICLE/RBRC Seminar

    ""Recent Highlights from CMS and from the 13 TeV run at the LHC""

    Presented by Albert de Roeck, CERN/University of Antwerp

    Friday, April 8, 2016, 2 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Amarjit Soni

  469. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Dark Matter Search Results from PICO-2L"

    Presented by Chanpreet Amole, Queen's University, SNOLAB

    Thursday, April 7, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    New data are reported from a second run of the 2-liter PICO-2L C3F8 bubble chamber with a total exposure of 129 kg-days at a thermodynamic threshold energy of 3.3 keV. These data show that measures taken to control particulate con-tamination in the superheated fluid resulted in the absence of the anomalous back-ground events observed in the first run of this bubble chamber. One single nuclear-recoil event was observed in the data, consistent both with the predicted background rate from neutrons and with the observed rate of unambiguous multiple-bubble neutron scattering events. The chamber exhibits the same excellent electron-recoil and alpha decay rejection as was previously reported. These data provide the most stringent direct detection constraints on WIMP- proton spin-dependent scattering to date for WIMP masses < 50 GeV/c2.

  470. 'Science on Tap'

    "A Conversation With Paul Sorensen"

    Presented by Paul Sorensen, Brookhaven Lab

    Tuesday, April 5, 2016, 7 pm
    Stony Brook Yacht Club

    Hosted by: Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science

    Paul Sorensen recreates the birth of the universe, smashing the nuclei of gold atoms together with such extreme violence that they melt into a cosmic soup that hasn't existed since the universe was a microsecond old. In conversation with Stony Brook University's journalism professor, Steven Reiner, Sorensen will bring to vivid life the epic endeavor to create in Brookhaven National Laboratory's atom smasher minute specks of the hottest matter ever made on Earth, and tell us what these fleeting fireballs may reveal about the origin of everything, including ourselves.

  471. Physics Colloquium

    "Hunting for WIMPs in Panda Land"

    Presented by Xiangdong Ji, University of Maryland

    Tuesday, April 5, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), with properties similar to those of a heavy neutrino, have been a leading candidate for the 27% dark matter in the Universe. Direct detection experiments by detecting the nuclear recoils from elastic scattering of WIMPs with atomic nuclei have made huge strides in the last decade, improving the sensitivity by some five orders of magnitude. In this talk, I will describe the results from an adventure of searching for WIMPs with the PandaX, currently the most sensitive running liquid xenon dark matter detector, in the world's deep underground lab in the high mountains, western China.

  472. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN seminar

    "Studying Nucleons in Soliton Models"

    Presented by Song Shu, Stonybrook University

    Friday, April 1, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Both chiral solitons and confined solitons are discussed at finite temperatures and densities in effective models. Based on the solitons the nucleon properties are studied in thermal medium. The nucleon mass in medium is carefully calculated. It is showed that the chiral solitons could even survive after the chiral phase transition, while confined solitons collapse after the system is deconfined.

  473. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Milicharge: A Proposal"

    Presented by Ben Kaplan, New York University

    Thursday, March 31, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

    I will present the status of the MilliQan experiment, a milli-charged particle detector we propose to install at LHC P5. The experiment would be commissioned during the next LHC shutdown in a service tunnel ~30m above the CMS interaction point, behind ~15m of rock. I will present the theoretical motivation for building the detector, its proposed experimental design, and the expected sensitivity to milli-charged particles.

  474. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Sphalerons Far From Equilibrium and Associated Phenomena"

    Presented by Mark Mace, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, March 31, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510 Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    In this talk, I will present a first computation of sphalerons in the glasma; the highly occupied, weakly coupled gluon dominated pre-equilibrium matter created at early times after an ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. The sphaleron transition is a well known ingredient in the generation of anomalous vector current from a strong external magnetic field, the so-called Chiral Magnetic Effect. We perform classical-statistical real-time lattice simulations to study the dynamics of these topological transitions; simplifying our description by employing SU(2) gauge fields and neglecting the longitudinal expansion for this first study. I will show that the non-equilibrium sphaleron transition rate is time dependent and non-Markovian, in addition to being dominant in comparison to the thermal equilibrium sphaleron transition rate. In addition, we can measure the scaling and separation of physical scales in analogy to those from thermal equilibrium, in order to parameterize this rate and understand the approach to equilibrium. I will then demonstrate that it is the magnetic screening length, which we extract non-perturbatively, that controls this rate. Additionally, I will briefly mention studies of related anomalous transport effects that we plan on studying using this first principles classical-statistical real-time lattice technology.

  475. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Topological Insulators and Dirac Semimetals - Recent Progress in New Materials"

    Presented by Robert J. Cava, Princeton University

    Thursday, March 31, 2016, 10 am
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter D. Johnson

    "New materials give new properties" describes the goal of our solid state chemistry research program. This goal would be much easier to attain if there was a reliable way to predict the stability of an unknown non-molecular solid, then predict what its properties would be, then make it as a real material and then finally test it, but unfortunately that is not the case; establishing such a process is the grand challenge in contemporary solid state chemistry, and so we have to operate differently. Our discussions with experimental and theoretical physicists teach us about current issues in the electronic and magnetic properties of matter, and our chemistry background teaches us how to think about crystal structures and bonding; our work is about trying to put these two cultures together to find new materials. In this talk I will describe some of our recent results in Topological Insulators and Dirac and Weyl Semimetals.

  476. Physics Colloquium

    "Quark-Gluon Plasma: An Old and New Phase of Quantum Matter"

    Presented by Jinfeng Liao, Indiana University

    Tuesday, March 29, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    The use of fire was instrumental for human civilization. Early conception of varied phases of matter as well as transitions among them, perhaps developed from e.g. burning wood and heating water. Those ancient pursuits continue into the modern quest for understanding the structure of matter under extreme conditions: what's the phase of matter when heated to unprecedented temperature? The answer to this question relies upon our understanding of the strong nuclear force, which is described by quantum chromodynamics (QCD). First principle calculations of QCD predict that the normal nuclear matter, when heated to be hot enough, will change into a new phase of matter called the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). In fact, the QGP was an old phase of matter that occupied the early universe shortly after the Big Bang. Today, such primordial droplets of QGP can be re-created repeatedly and measured precisely in relativistic heavy ion collisions (often called the Little Bangs). Remarkable discoveries have been made at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) that together reveal the QGP as a nearly perfect quantum liquid with superior opaqueness. We will discuss a number of novel properties of QGP. In particular we will highlight the recent progress on how certain unusual transport phenomena stemming from microscopic chiral anomaly, which is intrinsically quantum mechanical, could manifest themselves in the macroscopic QGP fluid. A very brief survey will be given on the theoretical developments, the experimental search in heavy ion collisions, as well as the recent exciting progress of such physics in Dirac and Weyl semimetals.

  477. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Exotic BSM Higgs Decays and proposed LHC Benchmarks"

    Presented by Shufang Su

    Thursday, March 24, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Bill Marciano

  478. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Phase transitions in strongly correlated systems from diagrammatic multi-scale methods"

    Presented by Andrey Antipov, University of Michigan

    Thursday, March 24, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    The dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) has become the standard tool in describing strongly correlated electron materials. While it captures the quantum dynamics of local fields, it neglects spatial correlations. To describe e.g. anti-ferromagnetism, unconventional superconductivity or frustration a proper treatment of non-local correlations is necessary. Diagrammatic multi-scale approaches offer an elegant option to accomplish this: the difficult correlated part of the system is solved using a non-perturbative many-body method, whereas 'easier', 'weakly correlated' parts of the problem are tackled using a secondary perturbative scheme. Here we employ such a method, the dual fermion approach, to problems of charge and spin ordering in Falicov-Kimball and Hubbard models by constructing a systematic diagrammatic extension on top of DMFT. Near the critical point model we study the interplay between charge and spin excitations and long-range fluctuations. We show that such multi-scale approach is indeed capable of capturing the non mean-field nature of the critical point of the lattice model and correctly describes the transition to mean-field like behavior as the number of spatial dimensions increases. Our numerical method is available as a freely distributed open-source code.

  479. Special RIKEN/HET Seminar

    "Axion Phenomenology from Unquenched Lattice QCD"

    Presented by Guido Martinelli, Rome University

    Thursday, March 24, 2016, 11 am
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    We investigate the topological properties of Nf = 2 + 1 QCD with physical quark masses, both at zero and finite temperature. At zero temperature both finite size and finite cut-off effects have been studied by comparing the continuum extrapolated results for the topological susceptibility χ with the predictions from chiral perturbation theory. At finite temperature, we explore a region going from Tc up to around 4Tc, where continuum extrapolated results for the topological susceptibility and for the fourth moment of the topological charge distribution are obtained. While the fourth moment converges to the dilute instanton gas prediction the topological susceptibility differs strongly both in the size and in the temperature dependence. This results in a shift of the axion dark matter window of almost one order of magnitude with respect to the instanton computation.

  480. Physics Colloquium

    "Flavor Physics for Non Experts : (A Theory) Overview"

    Presented by Guido Martinelli, Rome University

    Tuesday, March 22, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    The status of the Unitarity Triangle including the most recent results from LHC, will be presented. Different possibilities for detecting, in the quark sector, signals of physics beyond the Standard Model will be considered. The conclusion is that, even allowing for general New Physics loop contributions, the generalized Unitarity Triangle must be very close to the Standard Model one. Together with direct searches of new particles at LHC, this result strongly constraints models of New Physics.

  481. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "SU(N) symmetric tensor network simulations of strongly correlated quantum many-body systems"

    Presented by Andreas Weichselbaum, Ludwig Maximilians University

    Tuesday, March 22, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Alexei Tsvelik

    Tensor network simulations have emerged as a powerful algebraic framework for the simulation of strongly correlated quantum many-body systems. Their great appeal lies in the fact that they are exact in that they do no rely on small parameters. They significantly extend exact diagonalization to much larger system sizes in (effective) 1D or 2D all the way to the thermodynamic limit. I will give a brief introduction based on the hugely successful methods such as the numerical renormalization group (NRG) or the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) with focus on multi-orbital systems, both symmetric and non-symmetric. A versatile numerical tool in that respect is my recently developed tensor library QSpace that can efficiently deal with generic symmetry settings including SU(N). After a brief motivation via the prototypical symmetric multi-orbital system of iron impurities in gold or silver, I will present recent results on a dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) study concerning the coherent-incoherent crossover in iron-pnictides, followed by recent work on the spin-1 Heisenberg kagome lattice and preliminary results on SU(N) spin ladders.

  482. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "From Molecular Beam Epitaxy to high magnetic field Quantum Oscillations"

    Presented by Yoshiharu Krockenberger, NTT Basic Research Laboratories

    Monday, March 21, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg.480 Conf. Rm

    Hosted by: Ivan Bozovic

    Cuprate superconductors present a major challenge in condensed matter physics not only due to their electron correlations but also due to their complex crystal structure. Complex crystal structures, i.e. various cations at various lattice positions, demand for the utmost caretaking when synthesizing them. In particular, Molecular Beam Epitaxy is the foremost versatile tool and technique that allows for the synthesis of such materials without the necessity to compromise on impurity phases. First, I introduce our custom designed Molecular Beam Epitaxy equipment which is empowered by e-guns, not effusion cells, and controlled by electron impact emission spectroscopy. After presenting several material systems I present high magnetic field quantum oscillation data on films synthesized by our Molecular Beam Epitaxy systems.

  483. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Duality, Dimensions and Reduction on the Lattice"

    Presented by Joel Giedt, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

    Friday, March 18, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Montonen and Olive found evidence that a duality could exist in Yang-Mills with adjoint scalars. In this scheme, the 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole forms a gauge triplet with the photon, leading to a theory equivalent to the Georgi-Glashow model but with magnetic charge replacing electric charge. The duality is believed to be realized in N=4 super-Yang-Mills. We are pursuing numerical, nonperturbative evidence for this S-duality using our lattice formulation. Two lines of approach are being taken, which I will discuss. First, we attempt to show that there is a value of the gauge coupling for which the W boson mass is equal to the monopole mass. Second, we are relating the 't Hooft loop to the Wilson loop at this self-dual coupling. On a somewhat unrelated topic, we also discuss the determination of anomalous dimensions on the lattice. In the dual gravitational picture these correspond to masses of fields in the bulk, so that some aspects of the gauge-gravity duality could be tested by such determinations. In particular in N=4 super-Yang-Mills there are predictions for the dimensions of non-protected operators at the self-dual point, based on the superconformal bootstrap.

  484. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    ""Operator Bases and Effective Field Theories""

    Presented by Brian Henning, Yale University

    Wednesday, March 16, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Cen Zhang

  485. Physics Colloquium

    "Hot-dense Lattice QCD: Supercomputing Extreme Matter"

    Presented by Swagato Mukherjee, BNL

    Tuesday, March 15, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Rob Pisarski

    I will discuss the role of supercomputing in revealing the phases and properties of the hot-dense quark-gluon matter created during relativistic heavy-ion collisions. I will present a brief overview of the recent achievements of ab-initio lattice Quantum Chromodynamiecs computations at non-zero temperatures and densities.

  486. Particle Physics Seminar

    "New SUSY Results from ATLAS"

    Presented by Max Swiatlowski

    Thursday, March 10, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Michael Begel

  487. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Real-space Visualization of the Superconducting Proximity effect and Josephson tunneling on Nano-sized Pb thin film"

    Presented by Howon Kim, Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Japan

    Wednesday, March 9, 2016, 11 am
    ISB Bldg. 734 Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Kazuhiro Fujita

    The proximity and Josephson effects are well-known phenomenon and widely used terms in superconductivity. Due to the recent advances in fabrication techniques those phenomenon has been extensively studied to give a new insight to the superconductor-based device applications. Nevertheless, many of these works addressed macroscopic properties of the samples, and thus local information is still missing. In this talk, I will discuss how we can realize the proximity effect and Josephson effect using scanning tunneling microscope at a nanometer scale. In the first part of the talk, we address how the local surface structure can influence on the proximity effect at the interface between superconducting two-dimensional Pb islands and a single-atomic-layer metal by performing local tunneling spectroscopy. From the spectroscopic mapping taken around the Pb-based S/N interface, we observed the gap at the Fermi energy, reminiscent of the superconducting gap, propagating into the metal region (proximity effect) and its depth decaying with the distance from the interface. Additionally, we observed that the propagation of the gap is terminated by the steps of the substrate and enhancement of the gap-depth in the area between the interface and the step edge. The experimental results are compared with the results of quasi-classical theory based on the Usadel equation. [1] The second part of the talk addresses atomic-scale S-S junctions by using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. In our local conductance measurements between superconducting Pb islands on Si(111) or Ge(111) and Pb layers on the end of PtIr tip apex, we observed evolution of not only the normal-state conductance [2] but also a zero-bias peak (ZBP) from tunnel to atomic contact, which corresponds to the Josephson current, with a decrease in the tip-substrate distance on the different atomic sites on the surface crystalline lattice of the substrate. With a help of multiple Andreev reflectio

  488. Environmental & Climate Sciences Department Seminar

    "Plant respiration: lessons from high latitudes for ecosystem carbon balance modelling"

    Presented by Paul P. Gauthier, Princeton University

    Wednesday, March 9, 2016, 11 am
    John Dunn Seminar Room, Bldg. 463

    Hosted by: Alistair Rogers

    Climate-mediated changes in ecosystem C balance are accepted as an important component of the biosphere response to climate change. Plant respiration and photosynthesis are major drivers of this balance but our lack of understanding of the controls and constrains surrounding their interaction stalls our capacity to predict future ecosystem changes. Using a new O2 isotopes method for measuring leaf functional traits, I will present a new approach to estimate the rate of leaf respiration in the light and its biochemical origin in temperate and arctic plants. The role of plant respiration as a key player for plant adaptation will also be discussed in the context of plant respiration modelling.

  489. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Investigation of anomalous dynamics and the Chiral Magnetic Effect far from equilibrium"

    Presented by Niklas Mueller, University of Heidelberg

    Thursday, March 3, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510, Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Daniel Pitonyak

    We investigate the impact of the Adler-Bell-Jackiw axial anomaly on the real-time dynamics of gauge theories in the strong field regime. By studying and comparing Abelian gauge theories, such as QED, with non-Abelian systems, we try to clarify the role of topological properties and initial conditions relevant far from equilibrium. We show that the Abelian version of the Chiral Magnetic Effect, which has been predicted in the context of ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions, can result in non-trivial experimental signatures, which could possibly be observed in future high-intensity laser experiments. Further I will report on recent investigations of chiral production mechanisms in strong non-Abelian gauge fields and I will discuss the influence of topological objects such as sphalerons, far from equilibrium. Moreover I will show first results of the studies we have undertaken since my arrival here at BNL and discuss how the combination of these studies might be used to shed more light on the role played by anomalies in the early stages of a heavy ion collision.

  490. HET/RIKEN Seminar

    "Accurate event simulation for colliders"

    Presented by Stefan Prestel, SLAC

    Wednesday, March 2, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Cen Zhang

  491. Physics Colloquium

    "Detection of Gravitational Waves and the First Observation of a Binary Black Hole Merger"

    Presented by Imre Bartos, Columbia University

    Tuesday, March 1, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Peter Petreczky

    On September 14th 2015 the gravitational wave signature of a binary black hole merger was detected by the LIGO observatories. This marks the beginning of a completely new era of modern physics, the dawn of gravitational-wave astrophysics. We will discuss the discovery, its impact and its consequences.

  492. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Beam Energy Dependence of the Third Harmonic of Azimuthal Correlations in Au+Au Collisions at RHIC"

    Presented by Paul Sorensen, BNL

    Tuesday, March 1, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    I will present results from a harmonic decomposition of two-particle azimuthal correlations measured with the STAR detector in Au+Au collisions for energies ranging from 7.7 GeV to 200 GeV. v3 is studied as a function of the pseudorapidity di erence between particle pairs. Non-zero v3 is directly related to the previously observed large- narrow- ridge correlations and has been shown in models to be sensitive to the existence of a low viscosity Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) phase. For sufficiently central collisions, v3 persist down to an energy of 7.7 GeV suggesting that QGP may be created even in these low energy collisions. In peripheral collisions at these low energies however, v3 is consistent with zero. When scaled by pseudorapidity density of charged particle multiplicity per participating nucleon pair, v3^2 for central collisions shows a minimum near 20 GeV.

  493. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger by LIGO"

    Presented by Sergey Klimenko, University of Florida

    Monday, February 29, 2016, 3 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

    On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) Hanford, WA, and Livingston, LA, observatories detected a strong coincident signal. The signal matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. A century after the fundamental predictions of Einstein and Schwarzschild, the gravitational waves are captured. I will present the details of this observation and discuss the results.

  494. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Real time method of thermal field theory"

    Presented by Samir Mallik, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics

    Friday, February 26, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    I review the basic ideas of real time formulation of thermal field theory. Then I like to consider the following topics in this formulation: 1) thermal propagator for a scalar field 2) spectral representation of two-point functions for arbitrary fields 3) perturbation expansion 4) one-loop self -energy 5) dilepton production

  495. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Project 8: tritium decays, neutrino masses, and single-electron spectroscopy"

    Presented by Prof. Ben Monreal, UC Santa Barbara

    Friday, February 26, 2016, 10 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Beta decay kinematics are, in principle, sensitive to the absolute values of the neutrino masses. Many decades of work with tritium decay have shown m_nu to be in the range 0—2.0 eV; require improvement in spectrometer resolution, statistics, and systematics. The KATRIN experiment will push the limits of classical techniques to reach 0.2 eV sensitivity. The Project 8 is developing what we hope is the next step in beta electron spectroscopy; we can now perform precise electron energy measurements, in-situ in a low-pressure gaseous source, by cyclotron radiation energy spectroscopy (CRES). I will show recent results from the Project 8 prototype, including the first CRES measurements in krypton, and our path to first molecular tritum measurements and to a future large atomic tritium experiment.

  496. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Giant detectors in solution-mined salt caverns"

    Presented by Prof. Ben Monreal, UC Santa Barbara

    Thursday, February 25, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Xin Qian

    Many of particle physics' most interesting observables (neutrinos, dark matter, proton decay) require detectors installed underground. In many cases, the constraints associated with mines—-limited roof spans, limited sites, safety, and excavation costs—- are beginning to limit the scope of our experiments. The energy and chemical industries have 100 years of experience with a different type of underground space: solution-mined salt caverns. These are obtained by drilling into large salt formations and dissolving the salt with water. The caverns obtained can be enormous, deep, stable and above all inexpensive—-but of course they have their own access and pressure constraints. In this talk, I will argue that a wide range of desirable detector technologies, including giant gas TPCs, might be deployed with these caverns. In particular, I will talk about an (untested) TPC gas mixture I devised with these caverns in mind, but which may prove useful in conventional labs too.

  497. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Lambda_c - N interaction from lattice QCD"

    Presented by Takaya Miyamoto, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University

    Thursday, February 25, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510 Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Oki

    Recently, a new approach to investigate hadron interactions in lattice QCD has been proposed[1] and developed extensively by the HAL QCD Collaboration[2]. This method can be easily applied to heavy baryon systems even though it is difficult to obtain experimental data of heavy baryons. We have investigated the interaction between Lambda_c and nucleon (N) from lattice QCD using the HAL QCD method. This is the first step to understand charmed-baryon interaction in lattice QCD. In this talk, we present the current status of our research project onLambda_c-N interactions as well as future prospects. This talk is based on PoS (LATTICE 2015) 090.

  498. Brookhaven Lecture

    "512th Brookhaven Lecture: Quarks, Gluons & Lattice QCD: Cooking the 'Perfect' Soup With Supercomputers"

    Presented by Swagato Mukherjee, Physics Department at Brookhaven Lab

    Wednesday, February 24, 2016, 4 pm
    Berkner Hall Auditorium

  499. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Lattice QCD investigations of quark transverse momentum in hadrons"

    Presented by Michael Engelhardt, New Mexico State University

    Friday, February 19, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    An ongoing program of evaluating transverse momentum dependent parton distributions (TMDs) within lattice QCD is reviewed, summarizing recent progress with respect to several challenges faced by such calculations. These lattice calculations are based on a definition of TMDs through hadronic matrix elements of quark bilocal operators containing staple-shaped gauge connections. A parametrization of the matrix elements in terms of invariant amplitudes serves to cast them in the Lorentz frame preferred for a lattice calculation. Results presented include data on the naively T-odd Sivers and Boer-Mulders effects, as well as the transversity and a worm-gear distribution. Correlating quark transverse momentum with impact parameter, one can extract quark orbital angular momentum directly,including both the Ji as well as the Jaffe-Manohar definitions.

  500. Nuclear/Riken Theory Seminar

    "The Transverse Structure of the Nucleon"

    Presented by Marc Schlegel, University of Tuebingen

    Friday, February 19, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Perturbative QCD based on the Parton Model of the nucleon is a very successful theoretical approach to describe high-energy processes at particle accelerators and colliders. In particular, parton distribution functions are key ingredients of this approach and give information on the partonic substructure of the nucleon. As such they deliver a one-dimensional picture of how the parton momenta are distributed in the nucleon. In this talk extensions of the parton model are presented which provide access to more detailed information on the dynamics of partons in the nucleon. In particular observables involving transversely polarized nucleons are discussed. They can be described in terms of dynamical quark-gluon correlations which in turn can be studied at an Electron-Ion Collider. Another extension of the parton model takes into account the intrinsic transverse motion of the partons. In this approach - called Transverse Momentum Dependent (TMD) factorization - one can study three-dimensional distributions of the parton momenta. In addition, implications of the transverse motion of gluons in the nucleon will be discussed for LHC physics.

  501. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Weighing the Giants: Anchoring Cluster Cosmology"

    Presented by Adam Mantz, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

    Thursday, February 18, 2016, 3 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Erin Sheldon

    The gas mass fractions and the distribution in mass and redshift of the galaxy cluster population provide powerful probes of cosmology, constraining the cosmic matter density, the amplitude of the matter power spectrum, properties of dark energy, and the mass of neutrinos, among other parameters. Historically, these tests have been limited by the absolute accuracy of cluster mass determinations. Here, mass measurements from weak lensing have an advantage over estimates based on observations of the intracluster medium (ICM), because the former are nearly unbiased and can be straightforwardly tested against simulations. I will describe recent cosmological constraints obtained from an analysis of X-ray selected cluster samples, incorporating extensive gravitational lensing data from the Weighing the Giants project — the first cluster cosmology study to consistently integrate a lensing mass calibration, including a rigorous quantification of all systematic uncertainties. The results highlight the power and potential of galaxy clusters, which constrain both the expansion of the Universe and the growth of cosmic structure, and their complementarity with other probes such as type Ia supernovae, large-scale galaxy surveys, and the cosmic microwave background.

  502. Physics Colloquium

    "Physics opportunities at future circular colliders"

    Presented by LianTao Wang, University of Chicago

    Tuesday, February 16, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    Following the discovery of the Higgs boson, there has been a lot discussion about the next step in high energy physics. Among different options, a couple of newly proposed next generation circular colliders, including FCC at CERN and CEPC/SPPC in China, have attracted a lot of attention. Through preliminary studies in the past couple of years, an exciting picture of their physics capabilities has emerged. In this talk, I will give an overview on this topic, focusing on some of the most important questions in high energy physics they can help addressing

  503. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "Precision Jet Physics to Probe Strong Dynamics"

    Presented by Dr. Daekyoung Kang, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Tuesday, February 16, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Jets produced in the high energy collision of quarks and gluons at colliders are bunches of collimated particles traveling along the same direction. Jet productions are extensively studied in various colliders in search for new physics beyond the standard model and as a probe of new state of matter like QGP. In this talk, I will discuss jet study at a high precision as a new tool to probe strong dynamics in electron-proton collider. As an example, I will show the new tool can be used to determine the strong coupling constant and to improve our understanding of nuclear structure such as a parton distribution function of proton. With new level of precision not previously available for jets, the jet physics will provide one of milestones at the early stage of future Electron-Ion collider.

  504. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "Understanding the structure of hadrons through spin observables in hard-scattering processes"

    Presented by Daniel Pitonyak, BNL

    Friday, February 12, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    Almost all of the visible matter in the universe is built from hadrons, which are composed of quarks and gluons. One of the main challenges in nuclear physics is to understand this complex internal structure. In this talk, I will discuss how hard-scattering processes that involve the spin of hadrons give us insight into aspects of their inner-workings that otherwise would be inaccessible. I will focus on phenomena that arise when hadrons carry spin transverse to their direction of motion, which allow us to examine them in 3D and analyze correlations between their quarks and gluons. I will also consider a new attempt to resolve the so-called "spin crisis" of how the proton gets its spin by looking at how much spin can be carried by small-x quarks and gluons.

  505. High Energy Theory/Particle Physics Seminar

    "Illuminating the Dark Side of Particle Physics"

    Presented by Eder Izaguirre, Perimeter Institute

    Thursday, February 11, 2016, 3 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  506. Condensed-Matter Physics & Materials Science Seminar

    "Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless-like transition in a highly underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4"

    Presented by Dragana Popovic, NHMFL Tallahassee

    Thursday, February 11, 2016, 1:30 pm
    Bldg. 734, ISB Conf. Rm. 201 (upstairs)

    Hosted by: Cedomir Petrovic

    In two-dimensional superconductors, the transition to the metallic state takes place via thermal unbinding of vortex-antivortex pairs, as described by the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) theory. The occurrence of the BKT transition in bulk underdoped samples of cuprate superconductors, which are highly anisotropic, layered materials, has been controversial. Therefore, the nature of the superconducting transition in highly underdoped thick films of La2-xSrxCuO4 has been investigated using the in-plane transport measurements. Both the temperature dependence of the paraconductivity above the transition and the nonlinear current-voltage (I-V) characteristics across it exhibit the main signatures of the BKT transition. Moreover, the quantitative comparison of the superfluid stiffness, extracted from the I-V data, with the renormalization-group results for the BKT theory, reveals a large value of the vortex-core energy, strongly suggesting that the relevant length scale controlling the BKT-like transition in this layered material involves a few coupled layers. Finally, measurements of the fluctuations of the resistance with time (i.e. noise) provide evidence for the critical slowing down of the dynamics and the onset of correlated behavior. The details of the observed dynamical critical behavior of the BKT transition and the role of disorder will be discussed.

  507. High Energy Theory

    "Heavy Mesons in Jets"

    Presented by Adam Leibovich, University of Pittsburgh

    Wednesday, February 10, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  508. Center for Functional Nanomaterials Seminar

    "In situ studies of nucleation and growth of nanoparticles under realistic conditions"

    Presented by Elena Schevchenko, Argonne National Laboratory

    Monday, February 8, 2016, 11 am
    Conference Room A, Bldg. 735

    Hosted by: Oleg Gang

    The progress in colloidal synthesis allowed reaching a high degree of controls in synthesis of nanoparticles. As a result, nanoparticles come in many different shapes, sizes and compositions. Combining multiple components within individual nanoparticles or doping of nanoparticles are simple ways to control chemical and physical properties at nanoscale to obtain efficient catalysts and advanced energy conversion and storage systems. However the successful synthetic protocols are based on empirical rules based on numerous trials and errors and often the mechanism of nucleation and growth of nanoparticles remains unclear. I will present in situ study on the nucleation and growth kinetics and the temporal changes in the crystal structure of the metal dumbbell NPs (e.g. CoPt3/Au, Pt/Au and PtFe/Au). Using synchrotron small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) techniques we were able to catch the transient stages of structural and volumetric changes of NPs. We found that in the early stage of the reaction intermediate core/shell heterostructure is formed prior to dumbbells. The transition of the core/shell into the dumbbell occurs via strain relaxation of the pseudomorphic Au shell resulting in the nucleation of a strain-free Au domain. I will discuss the formation and doping process of iron and iron oxide NPs in real time by in situ synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In our study we revealed that the mass flow of the metal triggered by oxidation is responsible for the internalization of the dopant (molybdenum) adsorbed at the surface of the host iron NPs. The new oxidation induced doping mechanism allows control over the doping levels by varying the amount of dopant precursor. Our in situ studies also showed that the dopant precursor substantially changes the reaction kinetics of formation of iron and iron oxide NPs.

  509. High Energy Theory

    "The Vector Portal: A Window to a Dark Sector"

    Presented by Eder Izaguirre, Perimeter

    Friday, February 5, 2016, 11 am
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Sally Dawson

  510. RIKEN Lunch Seminar

    "Kinetic regime of hydrodynamic fluctuations"

    Presented by Yukinao Akamatsu, Stony Brook University

    Thursday, February 4, 2016, 12:30 pm
    Building 510 Room 2-160

    Hosted by: Hiroshi Ohki

    Hydrodynamics is an effective theory of systems close to equilibrium. It has been applied to description of fireballs created in the heavy-ion collisions. With growing interests in fluctuation of observables, theoretical identification of its origin is crucial. One of such origins is thermal fluctuation required by the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. In this talk, I will present a new insight into the thermal fluctuation of hydrodynamics by separating the hard and soft scales in a given background. As an illustration, we adopt the Bjorken expansion as a background. The kinetic description of hard modes allows us simple interpretation of renormalization, long-time tails, and fractional powers of derivative expansion.

  511. Physics Colloquium

    "The New Big Science: the Changing Research Ecology at US Materials Science Facilities"

    Presented by Robert Crease, Stony Brook University and, Catherine Westfall, Michigan State University

    Tuesday, February 2, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

    "We talk about a phase shift that has taken place over the past few decades at US national labs, in which large-scale materials science accelerators rather than high-energy physics accelerators became marquee projects at most major basic research laboratories in the post-Cold War era, accompanied by important changes in the character and culture of the research ecosystem at these laboratories. We consider some features, periodization, funding, and challenges of this phase shift, known as the "New Big Science."

  512. Office of Educational Programs Event

    "2016 High School Science Bowl"

    Saturday, January 30, 2016, 8 am
    Berkner Hall Auditorium

  513. Nuclear Theory/RIKEN Seminar

    "New aspects of QCD dynamics at high density: Jet evolution in the QGP and wave turbulence""

    Presented by Yacine Mehtar-Tani, INT Seattle

    Friday, January 29, 2016, 2 pm
    Small Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Soeren Schlichting

    An essential feature of the parton shower that form a jet evolving in vacuum is color coherence that suppresses large angle soft gluon radiation and thus, ensuing the collimation of the jet. In the presence of dense QCD matter jet constituents suffer a rapid color randomization and thus an alteration of color coherence: as a result a medium-induced gluon cascade, that can be described by a classical Makovian process, develop at large angles with respect to the jet axis [3]. A remarkable phenomenon emerges from such a cascade: the energy spectrum (of jet constituents) exhibits a scaling behavior, akin to wave turbulence, characterized by a constant flow of energy from the forward energetic patrons towards low momentum gluons down to the temperature of the plasma where energy is dissipated [4]. This picture is in agreement with a recent CMS analysis of missing energy in asymmetric dijet events where the energy balance is recovered at large angles and very soft particles [5]. In the second part of the talk I will discuss radiative corrections to jet observables that were shown to exhibit large double logarithmic enhancements. Owing to a large separation of time scales we have shown that these large corrections can be reabsorbed in a renormalization of the jet-quenching parameter q^, preserving the probabilistic picture of the parton cascade [6]. This result leads us to question the standard viewpoints of the coupling of jets to the medium: the naive perturbative approach based on a leading order calculation and the AdS/CFT correspondence for strongly coupled plasmas. I will briefly invoke in the final part of my talk the various questions that remain to be addressed. Indeed, despite the recent progress much remains to be understood about jet fragmentation in a dense medium in order to construct a systematic and predictive approach to jet-quenching from first principles.

  514. Physics Colloquium

    "Whole-brain neuronal connectivity mapping in the Mouse"

    Presented by Partha Mitra, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

    Tuesday, January 26, 2016, 3:30 pm
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Robert Pisarski

  515. Nuclear Physics Seminar

    "A Nuclear Physicist's Journey In Business: Lessons From the Front Office"

    Presented by Daniel Magestro, Ph.D., International Institute for Analytics

    Monday, January 25, 2016, 11 am
    Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510

    Hosted by: Oleg Eyser

    Companies in every industry are continually increasing their usage of large data sets and advanced statistical methods to understand customers and markets, improve operations, and forecast future business needs. The corresponding business demand for skilled analytical talent and "data scientists" has created a large talent gap for many companies that is predicted to surpass 100,000 nationally. Much of the talent gap arises from the hybrid skill set needed by data scientists that combines problem solving, technical, and communication skills. I will argue that the uniquely broad skill set of research scientists, and particularly experimental physicists in large collaborations, can bridge the growing talent gap for truly innovative companies.

  516. Particle Physics Seminar

    "Cros