The Department of Energy has granted “Critical Decision-Zero” status to the sPHENIX project, a transformation of one of the particle detectors at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) into a research tool with unprecedented precision for tracking subatomic interactions.
Stony Brook University mathematician, Moira Chas, will discuss how topologists approach the questions of space and shape and how shapes can fold in on themselves, shrink, expand, curve, or behave in ways not considered possible.
By bombarding the material with low-energy protons, scientists doubled the amount of current the material could carry without resistance, while raising the temperature at which this superconducting state emerges. Their method could be used to improve the performance of superconducting wires and tapes for electric vehicles, wind turbines, medical imaging devices, and other applications.
Jess McIver, a postdoctoral scholar in experimental physics at California Institute of Technology will give a talk, "LIGO and the Beginning of Gravitational Wave Astronomy." The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is designed to open the field of gravitational-wave astrophysics through the direct detection of gravitational waves predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity.
Nearly every summer since 10th grade, Eric Metodiev, now 22, has participated in educational programs sponsored by Brookhaven National Lab. He graduated from Harvard in May with a joint degree in physics and mathematics and will start graduate work at MIT this fall, but has already had the opportunity to make a real contribution in his chosen field.
Brookhaven physicist Ivan Bozovic and his team have an explanation for why certain materials can conduct electricity without resistance at temperatures well above those required by conventional superconductors. Understanding this exotic behavior may pave the way for engineering materials that become superconducting at room temperature—a capability that could transform the way energy is produced, transmitted, and used.
Physicists tap into pockets of available time on a supercomputer to crunch data for the world's most powerful particle collider, demonstrating a new tool for making efficient use of limited, expensive computational resources.
Large Hadron Collider (LHC) performance surpasses expectations; results confirm the Higgs particle, show “bump” appears to be a statistical fluctuation, and offer insight into quark-gluon plasma at high energies complementary to those explored at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).
A story from DEIXIS: Computational Science at the National Laboratories describes the interplay of experiment and theory needed to explore the phase diagram of nuclear matter, including the hot-flowing quark-gluon plasma of the early universe that is recreated in particle collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider.
Visit the Lab’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider – the only particle collider in the United States. Come see where physicists study what the universe may have looked like in the first few moments after its creation. Attend a science talk about the discovery of the Higgs Boson, participate in hands-on activities, try to stump a physicist, and see the “Phenomenal Physics” show! All activities are on a first-come, first-served basis. Visitors 16 and older must bring a photo ID.
Francesco Lanni was awarded tenure for his significant contributions to particle physics through the successful construction and operation of the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider as well as his innovative ideas and leadership for advanced detector research and development programs that led to the ongoing ATLAS upgrade.
Marc-André Pleier was awarded tenure for his significant contributions to tests of the Standard Model of particle physics by using data from hadron colliders to measure electroweak processes, particularly vector boson scattering with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider.
An experiment led by Yale University with partners from four U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, including Brookhaven National Laboratory, and 10 universities will explore key questions about elusive particles called neutrinos.
The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science has selected 49 scientists from across the nation – including 22 from DOE's national laboratories and 27 from U.S. universities – to receive significant funding for research as part of DOE's Early Career Research Program.
Up next during the 512th Brookhaven Lecture, Swagato Mukherjee will tell you about the "perfect" soup physicists can't get enough of. Not some thick, lumpy chowder—a nearly perfect liquid made from some of the universe's most basic ingredients. Plus, he'll show you "kitchens" around the world, where he's using powerful supercomputers to fine-tune the recipe.
Members of the International Daya Bay Collaboration, who track the production and flavor-shifting behavior of electron antineutrinos generated at a nuclear power complex in China, have obtained the most precise measurement of these subatomic particles' energy spectrum ever recorded.
Building on its capabilities in data-intensive science, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has expanded its Computational Science Initiative (CSI). The programs within this initiative leverage computational science, computer science, and mathematics expertise and investments across multiple research areas at the Laboratory.
From creating the tiniest drops of primordial particle soup to devising new ways to improve batteries, catalysts, superconductors, and more, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory pushed the boundaries of discovery in 2015.
Prachi Chitnis, a Stony Brook University student mentored by Kevin Brown, a scientist at Brookhaven Lab’s Collider-Accelerator Department, has been awarded the European Physical Society Award recognizing her rigorous research analyzing the reliability and vulnerabilities of collider detector systems that are important to experimental runs at the Lab’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.
In the time it takes you to read this sentence, trillions of neutrinos will fly through your body. Did you feel them? Probably not. That is because, despite their abundance, neutrinos rarely interact with matter; a neutrino can pass through a light-year of lead—about six trillion miles—without disturbing a single atom.
During the 508th Brookhaven Lecture, Goldhaber Fellow Dennis Perepelitsa will discuss his hypothesis that protons with most of their energy concentrated in single quarks or gluons are particularly small and shaped differently too. He will then describe his analysis of data from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and Large Hadron Collider to test his hypothesis.
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory joins in the worldwide celebration of physicists Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald, who were awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in physics for their roles in demonstrating the “flavor-changing” property of neutrinos. Brookhaven Lab scientists made important contributions to these neutrino experiments, fueled by the Lab’s legacy in the study of these abundant yet elusive subatomic particles.
The inaugural American Physical Society Division of Particles and Fields Instrumentation Award has been presented jointly to David Nygren of the University of Texas at Arlington and Veljko Radeka of the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. Nygren and Radeka received the award during the APS "New Technologies for Discovery" Workshop on October 5, 2015, at the University of Texas at Arlington.
Scientists intent on unraveling the mystery of the force that binds the building blocks of visible matter are gathered in Kobe, Japan, this week to present and discuss the latest results from "ultrarelativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions" at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider.
Can science inspire art and fashion? Join Ágnes Mócsy, theoretical physicist from Brookhaven Lab and Pratt Institute, for a lecture, “Unexpected Unions: A Physicist's Dip into the Art and Design World,” on Thursday, July 30, 4:30 p.m. in the Physics Large Conference Room (Bldg. 510). All are welcome.
Pairing up software developed at Brookhaven Lab and UT Arlington with the world’s most powerful supercomputer for open scientific research has broad potential to maximize the use of available supercomputing resources for high-energy physics and other data-intensive fields.
Sally Dawson, a theoretical physicist at Brookhaven Lab, has received a prestigious Humboldt Research Award, which includes an invitation to spend up to a year in Germany working on precise calculations for the long-sought Higgs boson.
Physicist Mei Bai has been named a recipient of the U.S. Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for her contributions to Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the advancement of understanding "spin" physics.
A new agreement between the United States and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) signed today will pave the way for renewed collaboration in particle physics, promising to yield new insights into fundamental particles and the nature of matter and our universe.
The LHC's ATLAS and CMS experiments presented for the first time a combination of their results on the mass of the Higgs boson. It is the most precise measurement of the Higgs boson mass yet and among the most precise measurements performed at the LHC to date.
Four scientists who have made significant contributions to ongoing research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory were among those recently named Fellows of the American Physical Society, the world's second-largest organization of physicists.
Ágnes Mócsy, a theoretical physicist and tenured associate professor at Pratt Institute, one of the world’s prestigious art and design universities, hopes to convey the sense of awe she experienced as a grad student working on research at RHIC.
The 3,200-megapixel centerpiece of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), which will provide unprecedented details of the universe and help address some of its biggest mysteries, has received key "Critical Decision 2" approval from the DOE.
From new insights into the building blocks of matter to advances in understanding batteries, superconductors, and a protein that could help fight cancer, 2014 was a year of stunning successes for the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Larry McLerran's decades-long quest to make sense of the laws governing the Universe's most basic building blocks has taken him from the United States' West Coast to its East, and even as far as China. Now, the American Physical Society is recognizing him for outstanding lifetime achievements in nuclear physics theory.
DOE's Energy Sciences Network, or ESnet, is deploying four new high-speed transatlantic links, giving researchers at America's national laboratories and universities ultra-fast access to scientific data.
Scientists across the U.S. will soon have access to new, ultra high-speed network links spanning the Atlantic Ocean, thanks to a project currently underway to extend ESnet (the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network) to London, Amsterdam and Geneva.
With the Kansas City Royals and San Francisco Giants squaring off for the 2014 World Series, professional photographers at the games will rely on cameras that weigh about 3.5 pounds and can shoot up to 14 photos per second. When high-energy protons face off for head-on collisions at the Large Hadron Collider, physicists from Brookhaven Lab and 177 other institutions rely on the ATLAS detector, a "camera" weighing more than 15.4 million pounds that can snap 40 million "pictures" per second.
A physicist who explores the quantum quirks of high-temperature superconductors and other exotic materials at Brookhaven Lab and Cornell University has been selected to receive a new grant to delve further into the mysteries of quantum materials.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab and their collaborators have honed a way to probe the quark-gluon plasma, the kind of matter that dominated the universe immediately after the big bang, recreated regularly in particle ion collisions at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and Europe's Large Hadron Collider.
Nearly four thousand miles east of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven Lab, 56 students and 36 scientists gathered in the sub-Saharan nation of Senegal to talk physics at the 2014 African School of Fundamental Physics and its Applications last month.
Can you imagine solving an equation with more than 100 million variables to unlock mysteries of the universe's most basic building blocks? Join Taku Izubuchi of the Physics Department for the 497th Brookhaven Lecture, titled "Supercomputing Fundamental Particle & Nuclear Physics," in Berkner Hall at 4 p.m. on Wednesday, Sept. 24.
Ivan Bozovic has been elected to Academia Europea—the European Academy of Humanities, Letters and Sciences—in recognition of his lifetime achievements in advancing research and theory on superconductors and other complex materials.
If you want to know how the universe works, part of the answer lies in understanding the building blocks of matter—before they became inextricably bound within the protons, neutrons, and atoms that make up everything visible in our universe today.
Nearly 200 scientists trekked to Brookhaven Lab—some from nearby, others from institutions as far as Europe and Asia—to talk about these important topics for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) user communities, and the Lab.
Brookhaven Lab has made some significant contributions to advance positron emission tomography (PET) techniques commonly used to diagnose cancer and study brain activity. Today at the Lab's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, scientists are using a different kind of positron tomography to probe for clues in ultra-hot seas of subatomic quarks and gluons.
Scientists running the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest and most powerful “atom smasher,” report the first evidence of a process that can be used to test the mechanism by which the recently discovered Higgs particle imparts mass to other fundamental particles.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced an extension of funding totaling $14 million over four years for the Center for Emergent Superconductivity, an Energy Frontier Research Center led by Brookhaven Lab with partners from the University of Illinois and Argonne National Laboratory.
Physicist George Redlinger of Brookhaven Lab's Nuclear and Particle Physics Directorate was awarded tenure for his significant contributions to particle physics, particularly through recent analysis of data from the LHC. Redlinger helps lead an international collaboration seeking SUSY—one of the most theoretically compelling extensions of the Standard Model—at the LHC's ATLAS experiment.
Accelerator physicist Masahiro Okamura of Brookhaven Lab's Collider-Accelerator Department was awarded tenure for his significant contributions to the Laboratory's mission of designing, constructing, and operating complex research facilities, in particular the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL).
Michael Begel of the Physics Department was granted tenure based on his notable contributions to particle physics through the analysis of data from the ATLAS experiment, and his corresponding leadership in applying these data to tests of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) in high-energy collisions and the search for supersymmetry (SUSY) at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Physicist Taku Izubuchi of Brookhaven Lab's Physics Department has been awarded tenure for his pioneering accomplishments and leadership contributions in computational approaches to the study of QCD—the theory that describes subatomic quarks, gluons, and their interactions inside protons, neutrons, and mesons. His "lattice gauge formulations," which break these complex physics problems into solvable pieces, have resulted in significant advances in theoretical calculations that enable fundamental measurements in particle physics.
Physicists serving on the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5)—a subcommittee of the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) that advises the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation—today submitted a report with recommendations on the future of the field.
The acclaimed documentary follows the story of six brilliant scientists during the launch of the Large Hadron Collider and gives audiences a front row seat to a significant and inspiring scientific breakthrough they make as they seek to unravel the mysteries of the universe.
Researchers with the Large Hadron Collider's ATLAS experiment are adapting an advanced scheduling and analysis tool developed by physicists at Brookhaven Lab and the University of Texas at Arlington for use on the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility’s flagship Titan supercomputer system.
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are seeking ways to synchronize the magnetic spins in nanoscale devices to build tiny yet more powerful signal-generating or receiving antennas and other electronic applications.
Brookhaven collaborators on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey helped measure the expansion rate of the Universe when it was only one-quarter of its present age, the best measurement yet of the expansion rate at any epoch in the last 13 billion years.
Fifty-five Long Island high school students got a chance to experience what it’s like to be part of a large international physics collaboration by participating in a particle physics “International Masterclass” with physicists involved in research at the Large Hadron Collider.
Like pool sharks at the billiards hall, physicists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider need to know a thing or two about collision geometry. On Wednesday, March 19, join Anne Sickles for the 493rd Brookhaven Lecture, titled “The Smallest Drops of the Hottest Matter? New Investigations at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.”
Robert Tribble, a widely respected physicist who has played a key role in charting the future direction of nuclear science in the U.S., has been named Deputy Director for Science & Technology at Brookhaven National Laboratory, effective February 24, 2014.
symposium and press briefing to explore the physics, biology, and clinical use of advanced particle therapy cancer treatments derived from accelerators built for physics research, as well as the related economic and ethical issues.
Join Juergen Thieme of Brookhaven Lab’s Photon Sciences Directorate for the 491st Brookhaven Lecture, titled “A Fast, Versatile Nanoprobe for Complex Materials: The Sub-micron Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy Beamline at NSLS-II,” on Thursday, Feb. 6, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall.
2013 was a banner year for science at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory—from our contributions to Nobel Prize-winning research to new insights into catalysts, superconductors, and other materials key to advancing energy-efficient technologies.
Princeton University-led researchers report that the coexistence of two opposing phenomena might be the secret to understanding one class of high-temperature superconductors. Researchers from Brookhaven worked with the Princeton team to grow and measure properties of the high-quality single crystals that were essential for this project.
The Nobel Prize in physics to theorists Peter Higgs and Francois Englert to recognize their work developing the theory of what is now known as the Higgs field, which gives elementary particles mass. U.S. scientists played a significant role in advancing the theory and in discovering the particle that proves the existence of the Higgs field, the Higgs boson.
Researchers have developed a new kind of “x-ray vision”—a way to peer inside real-world devices such as batteries and catalysts to map the internal nanostructures and properties of the various components, and even monitor how properties evolve as the devices operate.
Physicists and engineers in Brookhaven National Laboratory's Superconducting Magnet Division are in the final stages of assembling "replacement" magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Brookhaven built twenty magnets already installed at the LHC. The replacements are intended to be on hand for as quick a switch as possible if they are needed.
Brookhaven Lab scientists used an indirect method to detect fluctuating "stripes" of charge density—a key signature to look for as they seek ways to better understand and engineer superconductors for future energy-saving applications.
Dmitri "Dima" Kharzeev has been awarded the Humboldt Research Award, a prestigious international award issued by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Bonn, Germany, for scientific excellence in his field.
In recognition of the early and ongoing success of the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Project, the U.S. leaders in the international project received one of the U.S. Department of Energy's top 2012 Project Management Awards—the Secretary's Achievement Award.
When heavy ions collide at high energies at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, the components of the nuclei melt to form a hot soup of their constituent particles. A new model that describes the patterns of particles flowing out from this "quark-gluon plasma" suggests that the resistance to flow is close to the ideal limit used to define a "perfect" fluid.
Senior Physicist Sam Aronson has been named Director of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RBRC), a physics research center formed by an international collaboration between Brookhaven Lab and RIKEN—Japan's Institute of Physical and Chemical Research.
Scientists from 26 institutions around the world are planning a new experiment that could open the doors to new realms of particle physics. But first, they have to bring the core of this experiment, a complex electromagnet that spans 50 feet in diameter, from Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York to Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Illinois.
Laurence Littenberg has been named chair of the Physics Department at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, effective July 1, 2013. He will be succeeding Thomas Ludlam, who is stepping down after having served as chair since September 2007.
If a universe explodes into existence, and no one is around to hear it, does it still make a sound? The answer, according to RHIC physicist John Cramer, is a resounding yes. You can listen to the reverberations the Big Bang sent ringing through the cosmos in a new sound file based on the cosmic microwave background that originated at the birth of time.
Triveni Rao is the Associate Division Head of the Instrumentation Division at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and also holds the position of Senior Physicist. She joined Brookhaven in 1985, upon her graduation from the University of Illinois at Chicago's PhD program in Laser Physics.
Tackling the most challenging problems in accelerator science attracts the world's best and brightest to Brookhaven Lab. It's only natural that ideas and techniques born here take root in new research facilities around the world — and spark a host of spin-off applications for industry, medicine, national security, and more.
Study demonstrates that doping dramatically alters the atomic-scale electronic structure of the parent of a high-temperature superconductor, with important consequences for the behavior of the current-carrying electrons. The findings could potentially point to new ways to design superconductors with improved properties.
Inspired by internet comic artist Randall Munroe, who recently used only the 1,000 most common words in the English language to describe the Saturn V rocket, scientists from every field are now experimenting with this limited word list to explain their own work.
When collisions begin for RHIC Run 13, scientists from Brookhaven Lab and around the world will collect data from polarized proton collisions to try to solve one of the biggest mysteries of the basic building blocks of matter—the puzzle of the proton’s “missing” spin.
The fact that scientists at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) have collided gold ions together to produce a substance with the highest man-made temperature ever recorded caught the attention of video blogger Hank Green, who hosts the very popular online program SciShow on YouTube.
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven Lab has been extremely productive during its first 12 years of collisions. In light of projected budget constraints, scientists at Brookhaven are making preparations for RHIC to have a stunning future. Join Vladimir Litvinenko for his presentation "From RHIC to eRHIC: Challenges and Opportunities for Accelerator Science."
Thanks to a new technique for measuring the three-dimensional structure of the distant Universe, astronomers from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III) have made the first measurement of the cosmic expansion rate just three billion years after the Big Bang.
The term “floating water bridge” may sound nonsensical, but it’s the most logical name for a phenomenon that occurs when two beakers of water set slightly apart are zapped with high-voltage electricity and the water molecules jump across the gap to connect and form a thin thread of water.
The University of Texas at Arlington is teaming with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven and Argonne national laboratories to develop a universal version of PanDA, a workload management system built to process huge volumes of data from experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.
Taku Izubuchi, Chulwoo Jung, Christoph Lehner, and Amarjit Soni of Brookhaven and the RIKEN-BNL Research Center were recognized at the 30th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory for work in providing evidence of asymmetry in the universe — why there is more matter than antimatter.
Scientists demonstrate precision control of self assembly and charge transfer in a hybrid material composed of light-absorbing quantum dots and a conjugated polymer — two types of semiconducting materials that have been widely studied for photovoltaic and other optoelectronic applications and biosensors.
Join Brookhaven physicist Paul Sorensen from 2-3 p.m. today as he takes questions in a Twitter-based interactive chat joined by scientists from Argonne and Sandia national labs on "The Science of the Very Fast and Very Small," part of the Lab Breakthrough video series. Search the hashtag "#labchat" on Twitter to follow along during the event.
More than 500 physicists and computational scientists from around the globe, including many working at the world’s most complex particle accelerators, met in New York City May 21-25 to discuss the development of the computational tools essential to the future of high-energy and nuclear physics at the 19th International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP), hosted by Brookhaven and New York University.
In the search for new materials with improved electrical conductivity, scientists at Brookhaven Lab have found a candidate that appears to be “protected” from two kinds of current-killing scattering — at least on the surface.
A Brookhaven/Columbia Engineering School team of scientists shwos how a form of nanocrystallography can be carried out using a transmission electron microscope ‹ an instrument found in many chemistry and materials science laboratories.
By measuring how strongly electrons are bound together to form Cooper pairs in an iron-based superconductor, scientists provide direct evidence supporting theories in which magnetism holds the key to this material’s ability to carry current with no resistance.
How can a scientist search for clues and answers when experiments become extremely difficult to measure, too expensive or dangerous to operate, or too far away to see? Find out at 4 p.m. today, April 25, in Berkner Hall during the 477th Brookhaven.
Detailed studies of one of the best-performing organic photovoltaic materials reveal an unusual bilayer lamellar structure that may help explain the material’s superior performance at converting sunlight to electricity and guide the synthesis of new materials with even better properties.
Triveni Rao, a senior physicist at BNL, will be honored as a distinguished Asian American professional at a ceremony on May 12, 2012 at the Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Celebration at Stony Brook University’s Charles B. Wang Center.
By the end of 2013, the Brookhaven National Laboratory’s Collider-Accelerator Department will have completed an Energy Recovery Linear Accelerator (ERL), a unique type of accelerator that reclaims the energy it uses to accelerate electrons.
A brand new technique called coherent electron cooling could increase collision rates at Brookhaven’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider by an impressive factor of ten. That increase would help researchers who are hunting for answers to some of the universe’s biggest mysteries.
Using breakthrough techniques on some of the world’s fastest supercomputers, an international collaboration has reported a landmark calculation of a subatomic particle decay important to understanding matter/antimatter asymmetry. The research helps nail down the exact process of kaon decay, and is also inspiring the development of a new generation of supercomputers.
Brookhaven Lab highlights at the April 2012 meeting of the American Physical Society include answers to intriguing questions including: What was the universe like microseconds after the Big Bang? Can you catch an elusive neutrino in a watery liquid? What features will the world’s newest ultra-bright light source reveal?
Several months ago, Brookhaven’s Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Nuclear & Particle Physics (NPP) Steve Vigdor announced that he will retire from his position at the end of this calendar year. To find the next ALD for NPP, we have assembled a search committee of leading scientists from the Lab and other world-class institutions.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers/Nuclear and Plasma Science Society recognizes Brookhaven Physicist Erdong Wang for his contributions to the physics of high quantum-efficiency photocathodes.
Katherine Prestridge, leader of the Extreme Fluids team at Los Alamos National Laboratory will give a talk entitled, “Clouds, Waves and Supernovas: Understanding fluid mixing in extreme conditions,” at BNL on Thursday, March 15, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall.
Brookhaven Science Associates (BSA) has granted tenure to 10 BNL scientists. The newly tenured scientists will be featured in the coming weeks. Today, find out about the contributions of Collider-Accelerator Department’s James Alessi and the Physics Department’s Hooman Davoudiasl.
Working with an international team, three physicists from Brookhaven Lab have helped to demonstrate the feasibility of a new kind of particle accelerator that may be used in future physics research, medical applications, and power-generating reactors.
The pioneering accelerator is a prototype for a brand new type of particle accelerator that will massively impact fundamental science by changing the way such accelerators across the world are designed and built in the future.
Yasuyuki Akiba, experimental group leader of the RIKEN BNL Research Center at BNL and vice chief scientist at the RIKEN Nishina Center in Japan, has been named the recipient of the 2011 Nishina Memorial Prize, given annually by the Nishina Memorial Foundation since 1955 to young physicists for their achievements in the fields of atomic and subatomic physics.
Celebrate the American Physical Society’s recognition of Brookhaven Lab as a historic site by strolling through the Lab’s history of physics advances and breakthroughs. Today’s walking tour will leave from the parking lot outside Berkner Hall at 11:30 a.m. Listen to the recorded audio tour by streaming it to a smart phone or downloading it to an iPod, and get a free T-shirt, too (as supplies last).
Nima Arkani-Hamed, a professor in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, will give a BSA Distinguished Lecture titled "Space-Time, Quantum Mechanics and the Large Hadron Collider," on Wednesday, October 19, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall at BNL.
The American Physical Society will recognize Brookhaven Lab as a historic site in the advancement of the field of physics. On Friday, September 23, the Lab community is invited to celebrate this recognition with a walk — complete with a recorded audio tour that can be streamed to a web-enabled smart phone — and a ceremony with talks. Live webcast of the ceremony available on WBNL.
BNL has chosen U.W. Marx Construction Company of Troy, New York, to renovate approximately 89,000 square feet of laboratories, offices, and support space within two large buildings on the 5,300-acre campus: the chemistry building and the physics building.
The six winners of BNL’s 2011 Science and Technology Award are Sally Dawson, Physics Department; David Diamond, Nuclear Science & Technology Department; Oleg Gang, Center for Functional Nanomaterials; Animesh Jain, Superconducting Magnet Division; Vladimir Litvinenko, Collider Accelerator Department; and José Rodriguez, Chemistry Department.
Physicists from Brookhaven National Laboratory conducting research at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN gather with experimental and theoretical physicists around the world in Annecy, France, May 23-28, to present and discuss their latest findings.
Brookhaven National Laboratory has won two Bulldog Awards for Excellence in Media and Public Relations for a publicity initiative that brought worldwide media attention to 2010 research results from the Lab’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).
When an international team of scientists working at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider announced the discovery of the most massive antinucleus to date — and the first containing an anti-strange quark — it marked the first entry below the plane of the classic Periodic Table of Elements.
Quantum Diaries, a website that offers a personal look at the lives of particle physicists from around the world, now includes views from a set of physics laboratories, including Brookhaven. Guillaume Robert-Demolaize and Anže Slosar (above) will be among the contributors from BNL.
Recognized for a “needle-in-a-haystack” discovery, Laurence Littenberg, a senior physicist and associate chair for high-energy physics in the Physics Department of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been chosen to receive the American Physical Society’s (APS) 2011 W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics.
Scientists in the CMS collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider have observed unique correlations observed between particles produced in proton-proton collisions that are similar to an effect seen at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.
Scientists of the DZero collaboration at the Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced Friday, May 14, that they have found evidence for significant violation of matter-antimatter symmetry in the behavior of particles containing bottom quarks beyond what is expected in the current theory, the Standard Model of particle physics.
Valery A. Rubakov, chief scientist at the Institute for Nuclear Research at the Russian Academy of Sciences, will give a BSA Distinguished Lecture – “Extra Dimensions of Space: Are They Going to be Found Soon?”– at Brookhaven Lab on Tuesday, April 27, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall.
With beams routinely circulating in the Large Hadron Collider at 3.5 TeV, the highest energy yet achieved in a particle accelerator, CERN has set the date for the start of the LHC research programme. The first attempt for collisions at 7 TeV (3.5 TeV per beam) is scheduled for 30 March.
Meigan Aronson, a physicist at Brookhaven Lab and a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Stony Brook University, has been selected by the U.S. Department of Defense to be one of 11 distinguished scientists and engineers forming the 2010 class of its National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship program.
Scientists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a 2.4-mile-circumference particle accelerator at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven Lab, report the first hints of profound symmetry transformations in the hot soup of quarks, antiquarks, and gluons produced in RHIC's most energetic collisions.
Recent analyses from Brookhaven Lab's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) establish that collisions of gold ions traveling at nearly the speed of light have created matter at a temperature of about 4 trillion degrees Celsius, higher than the temperature needed to melt protons and neutrons into a plasma of quarks and gluons.
Scientists from Brookhaven Lab and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the world’s largest particle accelerator dedicated to nuclear physics research, will present compelling new findings about the nature of the “perfect” liquid created in near-light-speed collisions of gold ions at RHIC.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN has just started producing collisions, but scientists and engineers have already made significant progress in preparing for future upgrades beyond the collider’s nominal design performance.
CERN’s Large Hadron Collider has become the world’s highest energy particle accelerator, having accelerated its twin beams of protons to an energy of 1.18 TeV. This exceeds the previous world record of 0.98 TeV, which had been held by Fermilab’s Tevatron collider since 2001.
Particle beams are once again zooming around the world’s most powerful particle accelerator—the Large Hadron Collider—located at the CERN laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. On November 20 at 4:00 p.m. EST, a clockwise circulating beam was established in the LHC’s 17-mile ring.
Anna Stasto, a fellow with the RIKEN-BNL Research Center and a former research associate in the Physics Department, has received DOE’s Outstanding Junior Investigator Award for her research in nuclear physics.
Using precision techniques for making superconducting thin films layer-by-layer, BNL physicists have identified a single layer responsible for one such material’s superconductivity, opening a path for the design of tunable superconducting electronic devices.
A team led by physicists at the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have resolved a decade-long puzzle that is set to have huge implications for use of one of the most versatile classes of materials available to us for future technology applications: copper oxide ceramics.
A new study shows that a “fingerprint” of high-temperature superconductivity remains intact above the super chilly temperatures at which these materials carry current with no resistance, offering hope for energy-saving applications under real-world conditions.
Brookhaven Lab scientists have grown large enough crystals of one well-studied high-temperature (high-Tc) superconductor to directly measure its magnetic properties. These measurements cast considerable doubt on assumptions commonly made in trying to understand the role magnetism plays in these materials’ ability to carry current with no resistance.
J.C. Seamus Davis and John Tranquada, physicists at Brookhaven Lab, along with Aharon Kapitulnik of Stanford University, have been named the recipients of the 2009 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Prize for outstanding superconductivity experiments.
Jonathan Rameau, a doctoral student at Stony Brook University (SBU) has won the 2009 Dr. Nathaniel and Fanie Soroff Prize for outstanding contributions to physics. His research on superconductivity was done at Brookhaven Lab's National Synchrotron Light Source.
Students from six local high schools recently came to BNL to experience research with physicist Helio Takai. They were among more than 6,000 high school students from around the world who participated in the annual international Hands-on Particle Physics Masterclasses.
Physicists working at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are exploring the puzzle of proton spin as they begin taking data during the 2009 RHIC run. For the first time, RHIC is running at a record energy of 500 giga-electron volts (GeV) per collision, more than double the previous runs in which polarized proton beams collided at 200 GeV.
Several years after Duke University researchers announced spectacular behavior of a low density ultracold gas cloud, researchers at Brookhaven Lab have observed strikingly similar properties in a very hot and dense plasma "fluid" created to simulate conditions when the universe was about one millionths of a second old.
Scientists studying a material that appeared to lose its ability to carry current with no resistance say new measurements reveal that the material is indeed a superconductor — but only in two dimensions. Equally surprising, this new form of 2-D superconductivity emerges at a higher temperature than ordinary 3-D superconductivity in other compositions of the same material.
Like astronomers tweaking images to gain a more detailed glimpse of distant stars, Brookhaven physicists have found ways to sharpen images of the energy spectra in high-temperature superconductors — materials that carry electrical current effortlessly when cooled below a certain temperature. These new imaging methods confirm that the electron pairs needed to carry current emerge above the transition temperature, before superconductivity sets in, but only in a particular direction.
The single-piece primary and tertiary mirror blank cast for the LSST is "perfect", say project astronomers and engineers. The Mirror Lab team opened the furnace for a close-up look at the cooled 51,900-pound mirror blank. . It is the first time a combined primary and tertiary mirror has been produced on such a large scale.
On September 10, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider will attempt for the first time to send a proton beam zooming around the 27-kilometer-long accelerator. The LHC, the world’s most powerful particle accelerator, is located at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Journalists are invited to attend LHC first beam events at CERN and several locations within the United States.
On Wednesday, May 28, the RHIC and AGS Users' Meeting featured a special, all-day symposium entitled "RHIC & Its Impact on Nuclear Science." The talks started with Gordon Baym, who gave a historical perspective of the RHIC heavy-ion program from its inception at a 1974 workshop held at Bear Mountain.
Participants in the 2008 Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) Users' Meeting got a taste of the rich history of nuclear physics at Brookhaven, as well as a glimpse of the future directions the Lab might take in the field.
Research performed at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has found that protons are about 20 times more likely to pair up with neutrons than with other protons in the nucleus. The work builds on earlier research performed at Brookhaven Lab's Alternating Gradient Synchrotron.
Professor Ki-Su Lee, President of Korea University, visited Brookhaven on May 13. Professor Lee came to Brookhaven Lab, a premier science research center, to get a first-hand look at PHENIX, a massive detector used for physics experiments on the early universe.
Scientists at Brookhaven and collaborators at Stony Brook University, Johns Hopkins University, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology have discovered that nanosized regions with local polarizations, or "electric dipoles," in a special class of otherwise disordered materials may underlie these materials' extreme electromechanical response to an external electric field or physical deformation.
Researchers in the U.S. ATLAS collaboration have joined colleagues around the world to celebrate a landmark in the construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - the lowering of the final piece of the ATLAS particle detector into the underground collision hall at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland.
A new calculation, reported in the January 25, 2008 issue of Physical Review Letters, confirms the six-quark theory of particle-anti-particle asymmetry. This is the first complete calculation of this phenomenon to employ a highly accurate description of the quarks that adds a fifth dimension beyond those of space and time.
Imagine trying to catch up to something moving close to the speed of light and sending ahead information in time to make mid-path flight corrections. Impossible? Not quite. Physicists at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) have achieved this tricky task.
The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Project, in which Brookhaven National Lab is a contributor, has announced receipt of two major gifts: $20M from the Charles Simonyi Fund for Arts and Sciences and $10M from Microsoft founder Bill Gates.
The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science has launched a new website to tell the story of the U.S. role in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a particle accelerator that will begin operating in Europe, near Geneva, Switzerland, next year.
Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborating institutions around the world have detected a hidden "string order" that extends over a length of 30 nanometers (billionths of a meter) in a material that is otherwise apparently disordered. The findings could have implications for the design of materials at the nanoscale, including those used for a developing concept known as quantum computing.
Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory have generated extremely short pulses of light that are the strongest of their type ever produced and could prove invaluable in probing the ultra-fast motion of atoms and electrons. The scientists also made the first observations of a phenomenon called cross-phase modulation with this high-intensity light - a characteristic that could be used in numerous new light source technologies.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has chosen Homestake, a former gold mine in the Black Hills, near Lead, South Dakota, as the site for a multipurpose deep underground science and engineering laboratory. The proposal, chosen from a field of four finalists, was prepared by a multi-institutional collaboration of researchers and submitted to an NSF site selection panel through the University of California (UC) at Berkeley.
Although it was discovered more than 20 years ago, a particular type of high-temperature (Tc) superconductor -- material that conducts electricity with almost zero resistance -- is regaining the attention of scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Scientists have used advanced tools to see the very first instants of change in a solid brought to the edge of melting. Peter Siddons, physicist at Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source, designed and built the x-ray detectors for an x-ray source at SLAC that used pulses of light just quadrillionths of a second long.
BNL researchers have generated extremely short light pulses using a new technique that could be used in the next generation of light source facilities around the world to catch molecules and atoms in action. The team's findings describe the use of a laser to control the pulse duration of light from a free electron laser.
Google has joined a group of nineteen organizations, including Brookhaven Lab, that are building the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). Scheduled to begin operations in 2013, the 8.4-meter LSST will be able to survey the entire visible southern sky deeply in multiple colors every week with its three-billion pixel digital camera.
Research published online in the journal Science this week by Tonica Valla, a physicist at Brookhaven, appears to resolve one mystery in the 20-year study of high-temperature (high Tc) superconductors -- materials that lose their resistance to the flow of electricity at relatively high temperatures. The research shows that a "pseudogap" in the energy level of the material's electronic spectrum is the result of the electrons being bound into pairs above the so-called transition temperature to the
The winners of the inaugural $250,000 NSERC John C. Polanyi Award are the scientists at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO), who are being honored for their groundbreaking research on neutrinos, announced the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council. The idea behind SNO's most notable achievement - proving neutrino oscillation - began with Brookhaven chemist Ray Davis Jr.
A group of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology has used the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory to demonstrate, for the first time, the feasibility of particle acceleration by stimulated emission of radiation (PASER), a kind of particle analog of the laser process.
An international collaboration including two physicists from Brookhaven National Laboratory has published additional evidence to support the existence of "stripes" in high-temperature (Tc) superconductors. The report in the April 27, 2006, issue of Nature strengthens earlier claims that such stripes, a particular spatial arrangement of electrical charges, might somehow contribute to the mechanism by which these materials carry current with no resistance.
When atomic nuclei are smashed together at great speed, resulting temperatures exceed one trillion degrees. Scientists who study nuclear matter under extreme conditions have a particular interest in the properties of particles of light called photons. Using RHIC, Stefan Bathe has measured characteristics of photons to reveal data about the temperature and density of a nuclear collision.
Thanks to a series of machine upgrades, researchers at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the newest and largest particle accelerator at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, are making progress in answering a fundamental question that has long puzzled physicists: Where do protons get their spin, a property of elementary particles as basic as mass and electrical charge?
Will scientists ever find the elusive Higgs particle, the last of the fundamental particles predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics and postulated to play a major role in how fundamental particles get their masses? Are there undiscovered particles "beyond" those described by the Standard Model? Experiments expected to begin next year at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a new particle accelerator at CERN will take up the search.
An international collaboration of scientists at Fermil have announced the first results of a new neutrino experiment. Sending a high-intensity beam of muon neutrinos from the lab's site in Illinois to a particle detector in Soudan, Minnesota, scientists observed the disappearance of a significant fraction of these neutrinos.
In the twenty years since the discovery of high-temperature (Tc) superconductors, scientists have been trying to understand the mechanism by which electrons pair up and move coherently to carry electrical current with no resistance. "We are still at the beginning," says Tonica Valla, a physicist at Brookhaven, who will give a talk on his group's latest results at the American Physical Society meeting in Baltimore, Maryland on Thursday, March 16, 2006.
Jason Gardner, a scientist at Brookhaven and and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, has been able to freeze a spin liquid by applying a magnetic field. This liquid-to-solid transition (like water to ice) allowed Gardner and his colleagues to reveal an unusual property of a spin liquid system, a property that may hold the key to understanding this unusual magnetic state and how it could be used to better understand superconductivity.
In the "standard model" of condensed matter physics, elementary energy carriers are called quasiparticles. Understanding when and how these energy carriers fail to perform their mission opens doors to new phenomena and may lead to new and important discoveries in the atomic nano-world of condensed matter materials.
In electronics-based technologies, "relaxor ferroelectrics" often make up key circuit components due to their unique electrical behavior. They are good imsulators capable of sustaining large electrical fields and can turn a mechanical force into electrical energy. Scientists at Brookhaven investigated the poorly understood origins of these abilities -- with surprising results.
In honor of the 25th anniversary of a scientific paper describing the first use of Monte Carlo methods and lattice gauge calculations in the study of quantum chromodynamics, scientists gathered at Brookhaven National Laboratory for a morning of talks to dedicate the newest supercomputer devoted to these studies.
The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) has received the first year of a four-year, $14.2 million award from the National Science Foundation to design and develop a world-class, 8.4-meter telescope scheduled for completion in 2012.
The RIKEN BNL Research Center supercomputer has been unveiled at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Called QCDOC for quantum chromodynamics on a chip, it has 10 teraflops of peak computing power, which makes it capable of performing 10 trillion arithmetic calculations per second.
In a significant milestone for scientific grid computing, eight major computing centres successfully completed a challenge to sustain a continuous data flow of 600 megabytes per second (MB/s) on average for 10 days from CERN in Geneva, Switzerland to seven sites in Europe and the US.
The four detector groups conducting research at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, a giant atom "smasher" located at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, say they've created a new state of hot, dense matter out of the quarks and gluons that are the basic particles of atomic nuclei, but it is a state quite different and even more remarkable than had been predicted.
Quasiparticles carry energy in condensed matter. Understanding when and how these energy carriers fail opens doors to another level of understanding, and can lead the way to many new and important theories. Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered the failure point for the quasiparticle construct, the standard model of condensed matter physics.
In research that may help determine the best materials for a wide range of future electronics applications, a scientist from Brookhaven National Laboratory will report on the intrinsic electronic properties of molecular organic crystals at the March 2005 meeting of the American Physical Society.
How much energy does it take for an electron to hop from atom to atom, and how do the magnetic properties of the material influence the rate or ease of hopping? Answers to those questions could help explain why some materials, like those used in a computer hard drive, become conductors only in a magnetic field while they are very strong insulators otherwise.
Scientists trying to recreate conditions that existed just a few millionths of a second after the big bang that started the universe have run into a mysterious problem -- some of the reactions they are getting don't mesh with what they thought they were supposed to see.
Scientists searching for evidence that a particle accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory has created a new form of matter not seen since the Big Bang begin employing a new experimental probe, collisions between two beams of copper ions.
A research group led by a scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory has discovered a simple relationship that mathematically links the properties of a class of high-temperature superconductors, materials that, below a certain temperature, conduct electricity with no resistance.
Scientists at Brookhaven and the New Jersey Institute of Technology have taken steps toward understanding how a titanium compound reacts with a hydrogen-storage material to catalyze the release and re-absorption of hydrogen. Their results may help scientists develop more efficient storage materials for hydrogen fuel cells.
A new precision measurement of the top quark mass is being made public by the journal Nature and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Brookhaven physicists were involved in identifying and selecting the events for the top quark mass measurement, and checking the validity of the new measurement.
Scientists at Brookhaven, in collaboration with researchers at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the United Kingdom and Tohoku University in Japan, have discovered evidence supporting a possible mechanism for high-temperature superconductivity that had previously appeared incompatible with certain experimental observations.
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven has established a new machine record for heavy ion luminosity, well above its previous performance. Luminosity is an extremely important measure of a colliding-beam accelerator's performance.
Research by Young-June Kim, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, may help determine how a class of materials already used in electronic circuits could be used in optical, or light-based, circuits, which could replace standard electrical circuits in telecommunications, computer networking, and other areas of technology.
By bombarding very thin slices of several copper/oxygen compounds, called cuprates, with very bright, short-lived pulses of light, Ivan Bozovic, a physicist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and his collaborators have discovered an unusual property of the materials.
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered an interesting type of electronic behavior in a recently discovered class of superconductors known as cobalt oxides, or cobaltates. These materials operate quite differently from other oxide superconductors, namely the copper oxides (or cuprates), which are commonly referred to as high-temperature superconductors.
An international team of physicists examining an extremely rare form of subatomic particle decay - a veritable golden needle in a micro-cosmic haystack of 7.8 trillion candidates - has discovered evidence for the highly sought process, which could be an indication of new forces beyond those incorporated in the Standard Model of particle physics.
Using crystal samples prepared at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, scientists from McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, have ruled out two proposed theories for the subatomic mechanisms of superconductivity, a phenomenon in which the electrical resistance of certain materials drops to zero.
Scientists working at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a compact linear accelerator that uses laser light to accelerate electrons with better efficiency and energy characteristics than ever before.
The latest result from an international collaboration of scientists investigating how the spin of a muon is affected as this type of subatomic particle moves through a magnetic field deviates further than previous measurements from theoretical predictions.
The latest results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the world’s most powerful facility for nuclear physics research, strengthen scientists’ confidence that RHIC collisions of gold ions have created unusual conditions and that they are on the right path to discover a form of matter called the quark-gluon plasma, believed to have existed in the first microseconds after the birth of the universe.
Scientists at Brookhaven Lab are continuing their quest for an elusive form of matter, but this time with a twist — instead of colliding gold ions at nearly the speed of light in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), they are colliding gold ions with deuterium ions in an attempt to help unravel the mystery.